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Philip P. (Philip Pearsall) Carpenter.

The mollusks of western North America online

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242 3. Litorina subtenebrosa. [Probably an extreme var. of L. Sitchana.~\

243 4. Tritonium (Fusus) antiqmtm, Ln v var. Behringiana.
243 5. Tritonium (Fusus) Behringii.

243 6. Tritonium (Fusus) Baerii.

244 7. Tritonium (Fusus) Sitchense [probably = Chr. dims, Rve., var. ; but stated

to be " e livido viridescente ; columella saepius umbilicata"].
244 8. Tritonium (Fusus) liiridum [= Vitularia aspera, Baird, smooth form].
244 9. Tritonium (Buccinum) simplex.

244 10. Tritonium (Buccinum) Ochotense.

245 11. Tritonium (Buccinum) undatum, Linn., var. Schantarica.
245 12. Tritonium (Buccimim) ooicles.

245 13. Bullia ampullacea [is the genus Volutharpa of Fischer].

246 15. Natica herculcca, North California [=L. Leivisii, Gld., July 1847],
246 16. Margarita arctica, Leach, var. major.

In the text of the 4to volumes, the following corrections are suggested, the
numbers referring to the page in the B. A. Report which contains the abstract.

Report, 215. Acmcsa scutum, D'Orb. [is quite distinct from A. persona, Esch. The
latter, as figured by Midd., is a very young shell, not certainly be-
longing to the species].

216. Turritella Eschrichtii. [=Bittium .filosum, Gld., May 1849. There
being no month-date to Midd.'s species, the excellent name of Gld.,
which may also be of Phil. 1848, should be retained.]

216. Trochus ater and maestus [are well-marked South American species.
Probably the shells intended are Chlorostoma Junebrale, A. Ad.,
and its congeners.]

216. Trochus eiiryomphalus [= Phorcus pulligo, Mart.,teste Dohrn].

216. Trochus modestus, Md. [==//o.szs,Wd., = Calliostoma costatum, Martyn].

216. Trochus (Turbo) Fokkesii [is from the peninsula of Lower Cal.].

216. Natica flava, Gld. [" is entirely different from any of the synonyms
under it," teste Gld.].

19



534 REPORT 1863.

Aiepoit, 216. Scalaria Ochotensis [appears an aberrant Opalia; but is the genus
Adrsa of Mb'rch, closely allied to Mesalia, teste A. Ad.].

216. Crepidula Sitchana [is figured like the young of grandis ; but the
specimens in Mus. Cum., when compared with the similar stage of
C. excavata, display no differences either inside, outside, or in the
nuclear whorls].

216. Crcpidula minuta [appears the young of C. nacicelloides, Nutt.]

216. Crepidula grandis [fossil at Sta. Barbara, = C. princeps, Conr. Can

hardly be distinguished from very fine specimens of C. fornicuta,
sent from Halifax, Nova Scotia, by Mr. Willes].

217. Trichotropis cancellata, lids, [is quite distinct from T. borealis].

217. Pur pur a decemcostata, ~Midd.i=P.canaliculata, Duel. Var. = P. at"

tenuata, Rve. Var. = P. analoga, Fbs. ]
217. Tritonium (Trvphon) clathratum, Ln. [is distinct from the shouldered

M. midticostatus, Esch.,= Gunneri, jLov.].

217. Tritonium (Fusus) decemcostatum [=C%r. Middendorffii, Cooper =

Chr. liratus, Martyn.]

218. Tritonium (Buccinum} cancellation [Midd., non] Lam. [=Pn'ene

Oreyonensis, Redf. P. cancellata is the Cape Horn species. Some
specimens in alcohol in Sir E. Belcher's collection, however, said
to be from Icy Cape, greatly resemble the southern shell].
218. Tritonium (Poltia) scabrum [is exclusively a S. American shell. Dr.
M.'s shell may have been Ocinebra, var. asperd],

218. Pecten rubidus, Hds. [non Martyn, = P. Islandicus, Mull. Midd. 's pi . 13.

f. 1-3 are marked in expl. of plates " Islandicus, var. Behringiana ; "
they are probably (" rubidus, ?var.") Hindsii. But the figs. 4-6
are certainly the young of Hinnites giganteus~\.

219. Venerupis gigantea. [Decorticated specimens of Saxidomus sqitahd-m.~]
219. Petricola gibba. [Elongated form ofcylindmcea, Desh., = carditoides^oz J

219. Machcera costata. [The figures represent M. patula, Dixon.]

220. Cingida minuta [" is quite distinct from Hydrobia ulvce" teste Gld.].
220. Velutina cryptospira. [Probably a LamellariaJ]

220. Purpura Freycinettii, Desh. [is quite distinct from attenuata, Rve. It

is doubtful whether Midd.'s shells belong to Desh.'s species].

221. Terebratula frontahs, Midd. 1851, named in 1849, [may be the young

of Waldheimia Coreanica, Ad. & Rve., 1850, = Terebratella miniata,
Gld., 1860, teste A. Ad., Rve.].
221. Astarte lactea, Gld. [is distinct from A. Scotica, teste Gld.].

221. Tellina fusca, Say [is distinct from T. solidula, though it may= T. bal-

thica ; teste Gld. Macoma inconspicua, Br. & Sby., is distinct from
both].

222. Lyonsia hyalina [is distinct from L. Norvegica'].

222. Machcera costata, Say. [Dr. Gould does not believe that any of Midd.'s
synonyms belong to this species. Solcn medius, in Br. Mus., appears
^= S. ambiguus, Lam., as figured by Swains. It is not a MachteraJ]

45. Samarang. Litorina castanea, Ad. & Eve., 1850. " Eastern Seas,"
p. 49, pi. 11. f. 8 [appears identical with L. Sitchana, Phil.].

46. E. B. Philippi. Columbella tceniata, Phil., 1846 [is probably identical
with Anachis Gaskoinei, Cpr. But C. tceniata, Ad. & Rve., 1850, is perhaps
a Nitidella'].

47. The " Mexican War Naturalists." These were Major Rich and Lieu.}.
Green. Col. E. Jewett was not connected with the war, as would be supposed
from the introduction to Dr. Gould's pamphlet. The following corrections
apply to the new species tabulated in Rep., pp. 226-228. The species of Gould
bear date April 1852 (tesie Otia, p. 184) and Nov. 1851 (Otia, p. 210) ; the
others, July 1856.

No.

3. Corbula poly chroma [=C. biradiata, var.].

7. Tettina lersa \ = Macoma nasuta, jun. CaL, not Pan.],

20



ON MOLLUSCA OP THE WEST COAST OF NORTH AMERICA. 535

No.

8. Tellina pura [=3f. Mazatlanica, jun. Desh., Mus. Cum.].
11. Donax Jlexuosus [=_D. Lamarckn, Desh., in B. M.].
13. Gnathodon mendicus [=6r. trigonum, Pet., May 1853].
15. Eaeta undulata [is distinct from Harrella elegans].

20. Cardium luteolabrum \_C. quadragenarium, Conr.].

21. Cardium cruentatum \_ = Liocardium substriatum, Conr.].

27. Modiola nitens [ = M. subpurpureus, Mus. Cum., and is not fromCal.].

28. Adula falcata. [The locality of Mr. Cuming's specimens has not been con-

firmed. For "species," in note, read "specimens."]
31. Lima tetrica. [The specimens from the Mediterranean, VV. Indies, Gulf Cal. ;

and Pacific Islands were all named L. squamosa by Mr. Cuming.]
33. Bulimus vesicalis (nom. preoc.) = B. suffiatus, ' Otia,' p. 184.

40. Nacdla paleacea. [Col. Jewett's specimens appear distinct from N. depicta } Hds.^\

41. Troclius marcidus. [This shell was called Omphalius Pfeifferi by Mr. Cuming,

from the resemblance of the figure, in which the umbilicus appears keeled ;
but the shell marked 'type/ answering to the diagnosis, along with l Chloro-
stoma' maculosum, A. Ad., are scarcely varieties of Phorcus pidligo, Marty n.
The finest series is in the B. M.]

43. Livona picoides [has been heard of, but not seen since the explorations of Col. J.
Dr. Gld. still considers the species distinct : among the very dissimilar varieties
from the W. Indies (vide suite in B. M.) it would probably not have been
singled out as a species, but for the theory of the author].

45. Crucibidum Jewettii [should be cvrrugatum, P. Z. S.].

47. Modulus dorsuosus. [Col. J. now thinks that the supposed Acapulco specimens
are W. Indian, lenticularis, Chem. When dead, the forms from the two
oceans can hardly be distinguished ; but the aspect of his shells is Caribbeean.]

54. Conus ravus [= C." Calif ornicus, H'ds.].

56. Conus pusillus, Gld. [non Chem. nux, small var., teste Cuming].

57. Obeliscus achates [_ = O. clavuhis, A. Ad., 1854].

65. Columbetta Sta.-Uarbarmsis [so named to correct the statement that California

was above the limit of the genus, proves to be a Mexican shell, and was
probably obtained at Acapulco. Having been redescribed by Reeve from
perfect specimens, it may stand as C. Reevei].

66. Nitidella Goiddii. [Not to be confounded with Col. Gouldiana, Agass., which

is probably Amycla.^

67. Fusus ambustus [is a Californian species. The type stands in Mus. Cum. as

F.fragosus, Rve., but does not answer to the diagnosis. The typical fragosus
is marked fragosus, var. F. ambustus appears absolutely identical with jP.
clavatus, Brocc'hi, Mediterranean. Some of the diagnostic marks are not con-
stant in the specimens],

Col. Jewett went to Panama, as a private collector, in January 1849,
spending ten weeks in that region, including Taboga. This was two years
before Prof. Adams's explorations. Thence he sailed to San Francisco,
where he spent four months in exploring the shore for about 50 miles
from the head of the bay. After labouring for a week at Monterey, he
spent ten weeks at Sta. Barbara and the neighbourhood, thoroughly exploring
the coast for fifteen miles as far as Sta. Bonadventura. It was here, at the
" Rincon," after a violent southern storm, that he obtained the specimens of
Livona picoides, as well as many other rare species that have not been obtained
by any other explorer. " The storm tore up the kelp to such a degree that
it formed a bank for many miles on the beach, from 10 to 20 feet broad, and
at least 4 feet deep. Many of the plants were more than 60 feet long and 5
inches in diameter, having the appearance of vast cables." Before his return
to the east, he also collected at Mazatlan (wherd he obtained some species
not included in the B. M. Catalogue) and at Acapulco. There can be no
doubt of the accuracy of the Colonel's observations at the time they were
made. Unsurpassed in America as a field-paktoutologist. possessed of accurate

21



536 REPORT 18G3.

discrimination, abundant carefulness, and unwearied diligence and patience,
no one was better fitted to collect materials for a scientific survey of the coast.
13 ut, unfortunately for his (as for the Nuttallian) shells,he did not describe them
at the time himself. They were subjected to all the derangements caused by
frequent changes of residence, and transmission to various naturalists for
identification. As we know what errors creep into the collections of the
most learned under such circumstances, it is not surprising that they should
now have lost much of their geographical value. After several days spent
in a very searching elimination of the west-coast shells from his general col-
lection, I was driven to the conclusion that several labels had become mis-
placed. This was so clearly the case as to certain N. England and W. Indian
species interchanged with Pacific specimens, that it might also affect (e. y.)
Sta. Barbara and Panama specimens as compared with each other. The kelp
driven up by the great storm may have travelled from remote localities ; which
will account for tropical shells having been found at Sta. Barbara, as W.
Indians occasionally are even on our own shores. It is possible also, as the
Californian seas have as yet been but little dredged, that deep-water species
live there which as yet are known only in the tropical province. Already
some Gulf species have been thus obtained at Stpi Diego and Catalina Island
by Dr. Cooper, just as Mr. M'Andrew dredged Mediterranean species on the
coast of Norway. But facts of such importance should rest on better evidence
than chance shells picked on a beach, and subjected to dangers of altered
labels afterwards. What was regarded by Dr. Gould as of authority is cata-
logued, according to his determinations of species, on pp. 226-231 of the first
Report. The following is a list of the species which I found in the collection 3 ,
divided simply into the temperate and the tropical faunas.

Species of the Temperate Fauna, collected ly Col. Jewett .



Pholadidea penifa, ovoidea.

Saxicava pholadis.

Schizotheirus Nuttallii.

Cryptomya Californica.

Lyonsia Californica.

Solen Psicarius, var. rosaceus *f.

Machaera patula.

Solecurtus Californianus, subteres.

Macoma nasuta, secta.

Lutricola alt a.

Semele decisa, rubrolineata.

Donax Californicus, flexuosus*.

Standella PCalifornica.

Trigona crassatelloides.

Psephis tantilla*.

Amiantis callosa.

Chione succincta, fluctifraga, simillima.



Tapes staminea, tenerrima*.

Saxidonms squalidus.

Petricola carditoides.

Rupellaria lamellifera.

Lazaria siibquadrata*f.

Chama pellucida.

Lucina Californica.

Diplodonta orbella.

Mytilus Californianus, edulis.

Modiola modiolus, recta, fornicate *f

Leda caelata.

Pecten hastatus, latiauvitus, (Pventrico-

sus, var.) jequisulcatus*t, squairo-

sus*t, paucicostatus*f.
Amusium caurinuni, jun.
Hinnites giganteus.
Bulla nebulosa.



" Tliis collection belongs to his daughter, Mrs. Boyce, of Utica, N.Y. The Coloncl'3
invaluable collection of U. S. Palaeozoic fossils (probably the largest made by any indivi-
dual's own hand) may be consulted at the State Museum in Albany, and will probably
find its ultimate destination at one of the principal colleges. A large number of the
fossils described by Prof. Hall were from this collection, though often without acknow-
ledgment. Only a small proportion of the types of the celebrated ' Paleeontology ' are
to be found in the State Collection, which was subjected to disastrous and very extensive
curtailment before Col. J. entered on his present duties as curator.

* These species and marked varieties were first found by Col. J.

t Of these forms, either not seen or not distinguished by Dr. Gould, the diagnoses arc
written, and will probably be found in one of the scientific periodicals for 1864.

J Unless otherwise stated in the list, Keport, pp. 228-231, it may be presumed that
these species were from the neighbourhood of Sta. Barbara.

22



ON MOLLUSCA OF THE WEST COAST OF NORTH AMERICA.



537



Tornatina cerealis*, culcitella *.

Cylichna (Fcylindracea, var.) attonsa*f.

Vol vula cylindrical-

Cryptochiton Stelleri.

Mopalia muscosa.

Nacella incessa, paleacea*.

Acmaea patina, pelta, persona, scabra,

spectrum, Asmi.
Scurria mitra.
Fissurella volcano.
Glyphis densiclathrata.
HaliotisCracherodii,rufescens,splendens.
Phasianella(?compta,var3.)punctulata*t,

pulloides*t, elatior*f.
Pomaulax undosus.
Trochiscus Norrisii, convexus*f.
Calliostoma canaliculatum, costatuin.
Li von a picoides *.
Homaloporaa sanguineum.
Chlorostoma funebrale, Pfeifferi.
Crucibukmi spinosum.
Crepidula adunea, dorsata, rugosa.
Hipp onyx tumens *f.
Serpulorbis squami gents.
Eittium esiiriens*f, fastigiatum*t.
Cerithidea sacrata.
Litorina planaxis, scutellata.
Amphithalamus inclusus *f.
Lacuna unifasciata *.
Hadius variabilis.

Luponia spadicea : Trivia Califoraica.
Erato columbella, vitellina.



Drillia inermis, moesta *f .

Daphnella filosa*f.

Mangelia variegata*f ; angulata*f.

Myurella simplex *f.

Conns Californicus.

Odostomia gravida*, inflata*f.

Chenmitzia tenuicula *, torquata * (et
?var. stylina *t), virgo *f, aurantia *f,
crebrifilata *f, tridentata *f.

Dunkeria laminata *f.

Eulima Thersites *f.

Opalia bullata *f.

Lunatia Lewisii.

Cerithiopsis ? tuberculata, fortior *f,
purpnrea *t.

Marginella Jewettii *, Ppolita, regu]a-
ris *f, subtrigona*f.

(Volvarina varia, serrata; perhaps im-
ported, or label changed.)

Olivella biplicata, bseticaf [=petiolita,
Gld.,-f anazora, Gld., MS. (non Duel.)
= rufifasciata, teste Cum., by error],

Purpura crispata, saxicola.

Nitidella Gouldii *.

Ocinebra Poulsoni.

Pteronotus festivua.

Columbella carinata, Hindsii.

Amycla ? Californiana, gaueapata, tube-
rosa *f.

Nassa perpinguis, mendica.

PAnachis penicillata *f.

Siphonalia fuscotincta *f.



Species of the Tropical Fauna, collected by Col. Jewett



Pholas crucigera [=lanceolata].

Dactylina laqueata.

Corbula bicarinata, biradiata, nasuta,
tennis, ovulata , nuciformis .

Sanguinolaria miniata *.

Psammobia casta.

Telliria felix, puella *, punicea, " ru-
bella."

Heterodonax bimaculatug etvars. .

Strigilla carnaria (white and red vars.)
pisiformis, sincera.

Seniele pulchra , venusta .

Iphigema altior.

Douax transversus, navicula, gracilis,
carinatus, rostratus , punctatostria-
tus , v. caelatus . assimilis.

Mulinia augulata.

Harvella elegans.

Trigona planulata ||, Hindsii .

Dccinia l)uukeri.



Callista aurantia, chionaea, circinata ,
tortuosa, lupinaria)), ro.sea||, v. puella.

Chione amathusia, suoillata, neglecta. *

Anomalocardia subimbricnta, subrugosa.

Tapes grata, -f-vars. discors, fuscolineata.

Petricola pholadiformis, var.

Cras^atella gibbosa.

Venericardia laticostata, radiata.

Lazaria affinis.

Chama frondosa, spinosa.

Cardium consors , senticosum, proce-
rum, obovale.

Hemicardiumbiangulatnm , graniferum.

Liocardium apicinnm .

Codakia tigerrina ||5|.

Lucina eburnea , excavata , pectinata.

Felania tellinoides , var.

Modiola Brasiliensis, capax.

Lithophagus aristatus.

Area grandis, tuberculosa.



* Unless otherwise specified, either by , |), or locality-marks in Kep. pf>. 228-231,
these species may be presumed to have come from the Panama district.
The&e species were probably from Acapulco.
Probably from Mazatlan.
Another specimen, 3'78 iru across, is marked " Sta. Barbara " oa the shell,

23



538



REPORT 18G3.



Scapliarca bifrons *, emarginata, labiata,

nux.

Noetia reversa.
Bjssoarca Pacifica, mutabilis.
Barbatia alternata, aviculoides, gTadata,

illota, solida.
Pectunculus inaequalis, maculatus, par-

cipictus , Ppectinoides .
Leda Elenensis, polita.
Pinna maura, tuberculosa.
Avieula sterna.
Bryophila setosa *.
Isognomon Chemnitzianum.
Pecten ventricosus, subnodosus .
Lima angulata .
Spondylus calcifer.
Ostrea palmula.
Anomia lampe.
Bulla Adamsi, Quoyi .
Siphonaria gigas, lecanium et vara.

maura, palmata .
Patella Mexieana.

Acmaea mesoleuea, mitella, vernicosa.
Fissurella riigosa, nigropunctata, ?ina-

erotrema $.

Gh'phis ina3C[iialis, alta.
Phasianella perforata.
CaUopoma saxOvSiim.
Senectus squamigerus .
Uv r anilla inermis.
Calliostoma lima, Leanum f .
Tegula pellis-serpentis.
Oni phallus Panamensis, corooulatus *,



Nerita Bernhardi, scabricosta.

Neritina picta, Gnavaquilensis, Interme-

dia [" =globoea, '&VL"].
Crucibulum imbricatum, spinosum, um-

brella, radiatum, pectinatum *, corru-

gatum *.

Galerus conicus, mamillaris.
Crepidula aculeata , excavata, incitrva.
Hipponyx barbatus, Grayanua.
Aletes centiquadrus.
Vermetus eburneus.
Bivonia contorta, albida.
Petaloeonchus macrophragma.
Turritella goniostoma.
Cerithium maculosum, uncinatum, me-

diolaeve, intemiptum, alboliratum.
Rhinoclavis gelnmata.
Cerithidea Montagnei, varicosa.
Litorina aspera, conspersa, Philippii.
Modulus eatenulatus, Pdisculus.
Rissoina firmata*, fortis*, exp?msa*fjf,

stricta ; Janus *, Woodwardii i(.
Planaxis mgritella, planicostata.
Hadius avena , similis.
Carinea emarginata, jun.
Aricia punctulata.
TrivLa pustulata, puila, Pacifica.



Erato scabriuscula , MaTigen'a?.

Strombus galeatus, gracilior, granulatns*

Terebra robusta.

Euryta fulgurata, aciculata .

Pleurotoma funiculata.

Drillia albovallosa, aterrima, Pexarata f

incrassata, nigerrima, rudis, bexagona,

Pgracillima, var.
Mangelia subdiaphana , hamata*t r

eerea*t, Ppulcliella.

Cithara stromboides [? =triticea ; Kien.].
Daphnella casta .
Conns gladiator, mahogani, nux, purpiv-

rascens, regularis.
Solarium granulatum,
Torinia variegata.
Obeliscus achates *|f.
Chemnitzia caelata*f.
Scalaria llind.-ii *.
Alora Gouldii *.
Cancellaria bulbulus, claratula, deeus-

sata ; goniostoma, tessellata, mitrifor-

mis.
Natica marocoana et vars., Souleyetiana,

zonaria , catenata .
Polinices oti^^ uber.
Nevcrita patula ^.
Ficula ventricosa.
Malea ringeas.
Bezoardica abbreviata.
Levenia coarctata.
Persona ridens [? = ] constrictus*
Triton lignarius, tigrinus, ? pileare, jun.
Priene nodosa.
Ptanella caelata, nitida, triquetra, pyra-

midalis [like anceps and producta,

Bye.].

Fasciolaria granosa, tulipa, jun. [Pirn-
ported].
Latirus castaneus, ceratus, rudis, tuber-

culatns.

I^eucozonia cin^ulata.
Mitr-a lens, tuniculata, nucleola.
Strigatella tristis.
Lyri'd harpa.

Marfrinella eferuleseens, polita (?).
Persicula imbricate .
Volvarinatriticea , varia, serrata, fus-

ea [some of these are assigned to Sta.

Barbara. West Indian specimens may

have been intermixed: vide Cape St.

Lucas list, infrii].
Oliva angulata,' porphyria.
OliTella anazora, gracilis , ineonspicua,

semistriata, tergina, volutella, zonalis,

Zanoeti.

Agaronia testacea.
Harpa crenata.
Purpura biserialis, melo, patula, triangu-

laris, triserialis.
Cuina tecta^ kiosquifonnia.

24



ON MOLLUSCA OF THE WEST COAST OF NORTH AMERICA.



539



Pyrula patula.

Engina Reeviana, crocostoma.

Anachis Californica .*, coronata, costel-

lata, fluctuata, lyrata, nigricans, parva,

pygmaea, diminuta #, rugosa, varia.
Strombina bicanalifera, gibberula, re-

eurva.
Pisania gemmata, insignia, pagodus,

ringens, sanguinolenta.
Northia pristis.
Clavella distort*.
Murex recurvirostris, [?=] nigrescens



dubia, vibex, "pin-



Bhizocheilus mix.

Vitularia salebrosa.

Ocinebra erinaceoides.

Monoceros brevidentatum.

Sistrum carbonarium .

Nitidella cribraria.

Columbella festiva, fuscata, labiosa,

major, Reevei*, imcinata, Pmille-

pimctata, var.
Conella coniformis.
Truncaria modesta.
Nassa collaria*, corpulenta, crebristri-

ata, luteostoma, pagodus, scabrius-

cula, tegula, versicolor, complanata, Muricidea alveata*

Stimpsoniana *, nodicincta. niger,

Phos gaudens.

This list, of about 133 species from the northern and 328 from the
southern fauna (nearly twice as large as that sent by Dr. Gould and printed
in the first Report, and yet not containing several species there quoted), is an
instructive instance of what may be accomplished in about three-quarters of
a year, simply by picking up shore-shells. It contains about 48 species in
the northern and 22 in the southern faunas not previously described.

Besides the recent shells, Col. Jewett brought home a very interesting
series of Pliocene fossils from the neighbourhood of Sta. Barbara. Almost all
of them are species known to inhabit neighbouring seas, and are chiefly
northern forms. Of some no recent specimens have yet been found in such
perfect condition. The following is a list of the species, which is of the more
value as they have not been intermixed with those of any other locality, and
the spot does not seem to have been discovered by any succeeding geological
explorer. It was two miles from the coast, and 150 feet high.

Schizotheirus Nuttallii.
Mactra planulata.
Chione succincta *.
Pachydesma crassatelloides.



Psephis tantilla, Psalmonea.
Rupellaria lamellifera.
Cardium graniferum *.
Venericardia v. ventricosa f.
Lucina Californica.
Pecten floridus *.
Hinnites giganteus.
Planorbis, sp.
Calliostoma costatum.
Margarita pupilla f.
Omphalius aureotinctus.
Gal eras fastigiatus f.
Crepidula grandisf [^k?^

Com:, 3-5 inches long].
Crepidula adunca.

,, navicelloides.
Tumtella Jewettii, n. s.
Bittium rugatum, n. s.

armillatum ; n. s.

filosum f.
Lacuna solidula f.

* These species are of a southern type,
t These forms rank with the northern
fauna.



Chrysallida, sp.*

Opalia (Pcrenatoides, var.) insculpta*,

n. s.

Lunatia Lewisii.
Natica clausa f.
Priene Oregonensis f.
Olivella biplicata.
Columbella carinata.
Amycla gausapata.

tuberosa, n. s.
PTruncaria corrugata.
Nassa fossata.

mendica.
Purpura crispata.
Ocinebra lurida.
Trophon tenuisculptus f , ?n. s. [may

prove identical with T. Jimbriatula,

A. Ad., Japan].
Trophon Orpheus f.
Fusus ambustus.
Pisania fortis *, n. s.
Chrysodomus carinatus f, Brit. Mua.

[probably = despectus, var. ] .
Chrysodomus tabulatus, jun.f, n. s.
.. dims f.



series. Tlie rest belong to the present Californian

25



540



REPORT 1863.



The following fossils were also col-
lected by Col. Jewett :
Purpura crispata I San Francisco, 160 ft.
ostrina ( above the Bay.



Tellina congesta, Conr. Monterey.
Scalaria : can scarcely be distinguished

from planicosttita, Kien., in Brit. Mus.

(?=Gr(Klandica) : Panama,



The collections of Major Rich, having been tabulated by Dr. Gould simply
as from Upper or Lower California, I had expected to find of but little geo-
graphical value. They proved, however, to be of peculiar interest. Major
Rich had been one of the naturalists in the U. S. Expl. Exp., and his warlike
occupations did not prevent his remaining long enough at particular stations
to pay close attention to the Molluscs. His forte lay in procuring shells in
the best possible condition ; and a study of them was very serviceable in
explaining the dead shore-shells usually obtained from other sources. For-
tunately, he was quite aware of the importance of geographical accuracy, and



Online LibraryPhilip P. (Philip Pearsall) CarpenterThe mollusks of western North America → online text (page 4 of 45)