242 3. Litorina subtenebrosa. [Probably an extreme var. of L. Sitchana.~\
243 4. Tritonium (Fusus) antiqmtm, Ln v var. Behringiana.
243 5. Tritonium (Fusus) Behringii.
243 6. Tritonium (Fusus) Baerii.
244 7. Tritonium (Fusus) Sitchense [probably = Chr. dims, Rve., var. ; but stated
to be " e livido viridescente ; columella saepius umbilicata"].
244 8. Tritonium (Fusus) liiridum [= Vitularia aspera, Baird, smooth form].
244 9. Tritonium (Buccinum) simplex.
244 10. Tritonium (Buccinum) Ochotense.
245 11. Tritonium (Buccinum) undatum, Linn., var. Schantarica.
245 12. Tritonium (Buccimim) ooicles.
245 13. Bullia ampullacea [is the genus Volutharpa of Fischer].
246 15. Natica herculcca, North California [=L. Leivisii, Gld., July 1847],
246 16. Margarita arctica, Leach, var. major.
In the text of the 4to volumes, the following corrections are suggested, the
numbers referring to the page in the B. A. Report which contains the abstract.
Report, 215. Acmcsa scutum, D'Orb. [is quite distinct from A. persona, Esch. The
latter, as figured by Midd., is a very young shell, not certainly be-
longing to the species].
216. Turritella Eschrichtii. [=Bittium .filosum, Gld., May 1849. There
being no month-date to Midd.'s species, the excellent name of Gld.,
which may also be of Phil. 1848, should be retained.]
216. Trochus ater and maestus [are well-marked South American species.
Probably the shells intended are Chlorostoma Junebrale, A. Ad.,
and its congeners.]
216. Trochus eiiryomphalus [= Phorcus pulligo, Mart.,teste Dohrn].
216. Trochus modestus, Md. [==//o.szs,Wd., = Calliostoma costatum, Martyn].
216. Trochus (Turbo) Fokkesii [is from the peninsula of Lower Cal.].
216. Natica flava, Gld. [" is entirely different from any of the synonyms
under it," teste Gld.].
534 REPORT 1863.
Aiepoit, 216. Scalaria Ochotensis [appears an aberrant Opalia; but is the genus
Adrsa of Mb'rch, closely allied to Mesalia, teste A. Ad.].
216. Crepidula Sitchana [is figured like the young of grandis ; but the
specimens in Mus. Cum., when compared with the similar stage of
C. excavata, display no differences either inside, outside, or in the
216. Crcpidula minuta [appears the young of C. nacicelloides, Nutt.]
216. Crepidula grandis [fossil at Sta. Barbara, = C. princeps, Conr. Can
hardly be distinguished from very fine specimens of C. fornicuta,
sent from Halifax, Nova Scotia, by Mr. Willes].
217. Trichotropis cancellata, lids, [is quite distinct from T. borealis].
217. Pur pur a decemcostata, ~Midd.i=P.canaliculata, Duel. Var. = P. at"
tenuata, Rve. Var. = P. analoga, Fbs. ]
217. Tritonium (Trvphon) clathratum, Ln. [is distinct from the shouldered
M. midticostatus, Esch.,= Gunneri, jLov.].
217. Tritonium (Fusus) decemcostatum [=C%r. Middendorffii, Cooper =
Chr. liratus, Martyn.]
218. Tritonium (Buccinum} cancellation [Midd., non] Lam. [=Pn'ene
Oreyonensis, Redf. P. cancellata is the Cape Horn species. Some
specimens in alcohol in Sir E. Belcher's collection, however, said
to be from Icy Cape, greatly resemble the southern shell].
218. Tritonium (Poltia) scabrum [is exclusively a S. American shell. Dr.
M.'s shell may have been Ocinebra, var. asperd],
218. Pecten rubidus, Hds. [non Martyn, = P. Islandicus, Mull. Midd. 's pi . 13.
f. 1-3 are marked in expl. of plates " Islandicus, var. Behringiana ; "
they are probably (" rubidus, ?var.") Hindsii. But the figs. 4-6
are certainly the young of Hinnites giganteus~\.
219. Venerupis gigantea. [Decorticated specimens of Saxidomus sqitahd-m.~]
219. Petricola gibba. [Elongated form ofcylindmcea, Desh., = carditoides^oz J
219. Machcera costata. [The figures represent M. patula, Dixon.]
220. Cingida minuta [" is quite distinct from Hydrobia ulvce" teste Gld.].
220. Velutina cryptospira. [Probably a LamellariaJ]
220. Purpura Freycinettii, Desh. [is quite distinct from attenuata, Rve. It
is doubtful whether Midd.'s shells belong to Desh.'s species].
221. Terebratula frontahs, Midd. 1851, named in 1849, [may be the young
of Waldheimia Coreanica, Ad. & Rve., 1850, = Terebratella miniata,
Gld., 1860, teste A. Ad., Rve.].
221. Astarte lactea, Gld. [is distinct from A. Scotica, teste Gld.].
221. Tellina fusca, Say [is distinct from T. solidula, though it may= T. bal-
thica ; teste Gld. Macoma inconspicua, Br. & Sby., is distinct from
222. Lyonsia hyalina [is distinct from L. Norvegica'].
222. Machcera costata, Say. [Dr. Gould does not believe that any of Midd.'s
synonyms belong to this species. Solcn medius, in Br. Mus., appears
^= S. ambiguus, Lam., as figured by Swains. It is not a MachteraJ]
45. Samarang. Litorina castanea, Ad. & Eve., 1850. " Eastern Seas,"
p. 49, pi. 11. f. 8 [appears identical with L. Sitchana, Phil.].
46. E. B. Philippi. Columbella tceniata, Phil., 1846 [is probably identical
with Anachis Gaskoinei, Cpr. But C. tceniata, Ad. & Rve., 1850, is perhaps
47. The " Mexican War Naturalists." These were Major Rich and Lieu.}.
Green. Col. E. Jewett was not connected with the war, as would be supposed
from the introduction to Dr. Gould's pamphlet. The following corrections
apply to the new species tabulated in Rep., pp. 226-228. The species of Gould
bear date April 1852 (tesie Otia, p. 184) and Nov. 1851 (Otia, p. 210) ; the
others, July 1856.
3. Corbula poly chroma [=C. biradiata, var.].
7. Tettina lersa \ = Macoma nasuta, jun. CaL, not Pan.],
ON MOLLUSCA OP THE WEST COAST OF NORTH AMERICA. 535
8. Tellina pura [=3f. Mazatlanica, jun. Desh., Mus. Cum.].
11. Donax Jlexuosus [=_D. Lamarckn, Desh., in B. M.].
13. Gnathodon mendicus [=6r. trigonum, Pet., May 1853].
15. Eaeta undulata [is distinct from Harrella elegans].
20. Cardium luteolabrum \_C. quadragenarium, Conr.].
21. Cardium cruentatum \_ = Liocardium substriatum, Conr.].
27. Modiola nitens [ = M. subpurpureus, Mus. Cum., and is not fromCal.].
28. Adula falcata. [The locality of Mr. Cuming's specimens has not been con-
firmed. For "species," in note, read "specimens."]
31. Lima tetrica. [The specimens from the Mediterranean, VV. Indies, Gulf Cal. ;
and Pacific Islands were all named L. squamosa by Mr. Cuming.]
33. Bulimus vesicalis (nom. preoc.) = B. suffiatus, ' Otia,' p. 184.
40. Nacdla paleacea. [Col. Jewett's specimens appear distinct from N. depicta } Hds.^\
41. Troclius marcidus. [This shell was called Omphalius Pfeifferi by Mr. Cuming,
from the resemblance of the figure, in which the umbilicus appears keeled ;
but the shell marked 'type/ answering to the diagnosis, along with l Chloro-
stoma' maculosum, A. Ad., are scarcely varieties of Phorcus pidligo, Marty n.
The finest series is in the B. M.]
43. Livona picoides [has been heard of, but not seen since the explorations of Col. J.
Dr. Gld. still considers the species distinct : among the very dissimilar varieties
from the W. Indies (vide suite in B. M.) it would probably not have been
singled out as a species, but for the theory of the author].
45. Crucibidum Jewettii [should be cvrrugatum, P. Z. S.].
47. Modulus dorsuosus. [Col. J. now thinks that the supposed Acapulco specimens
are W. Indian, lenticularis, Chem. When dead, the forms from the two
oceans can hardly be distinguished ; but the aspect of his shells is Caribbeean.]
54. Conus ravus [= C." Calif ornicus, H'ds.].
56. Conus pusillus, Gld. [non Chem. nux, small var., teste Cuming].
57. Obeliscus achates [_ = O. clavuhis, A. Ad., 1854].
65. Columbetta Sta.-Uarbarmsis [so named to correct the statement that California
was above the limit of the genus, proves to be a Mexican shell, and was
probably obtained at Acapulco. Having been redescribed by Reeve from
perfect specimens, it may stand as C. Reevei].
66. Nitidella Goiddii. [Not to be confounded with Col. Gouldiana, Agass., which
is probably Amycla.^
67. Fusus ambustus [is a Californian species. The type stands in Mus. Cum. as
F.fragosus, Rve., but does not answer to the diagnosis. The typical fragosus
is marked fragosus, var. F. ambustus appears absolutely identical with jP.
clavatus, Brocc'hi, Mediterranean. Some of the diagnostic marks are not con-
stant in the specimens],
Col. Jewett went to Panama, as a private collector, in January 1849,
spending ten weeks in that region, including Taboga. This was two years
before Prof. Adams's explorations. Thence he sailed to San Francisco,
where he spent four months in exploring the shore for about 50 miles
from the head of the bay. After labouring for a week at Monterey, he
spent ten weeks at Sta. Barbara and the neighbourhood, thoroughly exploring
the coast for fifteen miles as far as Sta. Bonadventura. It was here, at the
" Rincon," after a violent southern storm, that he obtained the specimens of
Livona picoides, as well as many other rare species that have not been obtained
by any other explorer. " The storm tore up the kelp to such a degree that
it formed a bank for many miles on the beach, from 10 to 20 feet broad, and
at least 4 feet deep. Many of the plants were more than 60 feet long and 5
inches in diameter, having the appearance of vast cables." Before his return
to the east, he also collected at Mazatlan (wherd he obtained some species
not included in the B. M. Catalogue) and at Acapulco. There can be no
doubt of the accuracy of the Colonel's observations at the time they were
made. Unsurpassed in America as a field-paktoutologist. possessed of accurate
536 REPORT 18G3.
discrimination, abundant carefulness, and unwearied diligence and patience,
no one was better fitted to collect materials for a scientific survey of the coast.
13 ut, unfortunately for his (as for the Nuttallian) shells,he did not describe them
at the time himself. They were subjected to all the derangements caused by
frequent changes of residence, and transmission to various naturalists for
identification. As we know what errors creep into the collections of the
most learned under such circumstances, it is not surprising that they should
now have lost much of their geographical value. After several days spent
in a very searching elimination of the west-coast shells from his general col-
lection, I was driven to the conclusion that several labels had become mis-
placed. This was so clearly the case as to certain N. England and W. Indian
species interchanged with Pacific specimens, that it might also affect (e. y.)
Sta. Barbara and Panama specimens as compared with each other. The kelp
driven up by the great storm may have travelled from remote localities ; which
will account for tropical shells having been found at Sta. Barbara, as W.
Indians occasionally are even on our own shores. It is possible also, as the
Californian seas have as yet been but little dredged, that deep-water species
live there which as yet are known only in the tropical province. Already
some Gulf species have been thus obtained at Stpi Diego and Catalina Island
by Dr. Cooper, just as Mr. M'Andrew dredged Mediterranean species on the
coast of Norway. But facts of such importance should rest on better evidence
than chance shells picked on a beach, and subjected to dangers of altered
labels afterwards. What was regarded by Dr. Gould as of authority is cata-
logued, according to his determinations of species, on pp. 226-231 of the first
Report. The following is a list of the species which I found in the collection 3 ,
divided simply into the temperate and the tropical faunas.
Species of the Temperate Fauna, collected ly Col. Jewett .
Pholadidea penifa, ovoidea.
Solen Psicarius, var. rosaceus *f.
Solecurtus Californianus, subteres.
Macoma nasuta, secta.
Lutricola alt a.
Semele decisa, rubrolineata.
Donax Californicus, flexuosus*.
Chione succincta, fluctifraga, simillima.
Tapes staminea, tenerrima*.
Mytilus Californianus, edulis.
Modiola modiolus, recta, fornicate *f
Pecten hastatus, latiauvitus, (Pventrico-
sus, var.) jequisulcatus*t, squairo-
Amusium caurinuni, jun.
" Tliis collection belongs to his daughter, Mrs. Boyce, of Utica, N.Y. The Coloncl'3
invaluable collection of U. S. Palaeozoic fossils (probably the largest made by any indivi-
dual's own hand) may be consulted at the State Museum in Albany, and will probably
find its ultimate destination at one of the principal colleges. A large number of the
fossils described by Prof. Hall were from this collection, though often without acknow-
ledgment. Only a small proportion of the types of the celebrated ' Paleeontology ' are
to be found in the State Collection, which was subjected to disastrous and very extensive
curtailment before Col. J. entered on his present duties as curator.
* These species and marked varieties were first found by Col. J.
t Of these forms, either not seen or not distinguished by Dr. Gould, the diagnoses arc
written, and will probably be found in one of the scientific periodicals for 1864.
J Unless otherwise stated in the list, Keport, pp. 228-231, it may be presumed that
these species were from the neighbourhood of Sta. Barbara.
ON MOLLUSCA OF THE WEST COAST OF NORTH AMERICA.
Tornatina cerealis*, culcitella *.
Cylichna (Fcylindracea, var.) attonsa*f.
Vol vula cylindrical-
Nacella incessa, paleacea*.
Acmaea patina, pelta, persona, scabra,
Trochiscus Norrisii, convexus*f.
Calliostoma canaliculatum, costatuin.
Li von a picoides *.
Chlorostoma funebrale, Pfeifferi.
Crepidula adunea, dorsata, rugosa.
Hipp onyx tumens *f.
Serpulorbis squami gents.
Eittium esiiriens*f, fastigiatum*t.
Litorina planaxis, scutellata.
Amphithalamus inclusus *f.
Lacuna unifasciata *.
Luponia spadicea : Trivia Califoraica.
Erato columbella, vitellina.
Drillia inermis, moesta *f .
Mangelia variegata*f ; angulata*f.
Myurella simplex *f.
Odostomia gravida*, inflata*f.
Chenmitzia tenuicula *, torquata * (et
?var. stylina *t), virgo *f, aurantia *f,
crebrifilata *f, tridentata *f.
Dunkeria laminata *f.
Eulima Thersites *f.
Opalia bullata *f.
Cerithiopsis ? tuberculata, fortior *f,
Marginella Jewettii *, Ppolita, regu]a-
ris *f, subtrigona*f.
(Volvarina varia, serrata; perhaps im-
ported, or label changed.)
Olivella biplicata, bseticaf [=petiolita,
Gld.,-f anazora, Gld., MS. (non Duel.)
= rufifasciata, teste Cum., by error],
Purpura crispata, saxicola.
Nitidella Gouldii *.
Columbella carinata, Hindsii.
Amycla ? Californiana, gaueapata, tube-
Nassa perpinguis, mendica.
PAnachis penicillata *f.
Siphonalia fuscotincta *f.
Species of the Tropical Fauna, collected by Col. Jewett
Pholas crucigera [=lanceolata].
Corbula bicarinata, biradiata, nasuta,
tennis, ovulata , nuciformis .
Sanguinolaria miniata *.
Telliria felix, puella *, punicea, " ru-
Heterodonax bimaculatug etvars. .
Strigilla carnaria (white and red vars.)
Seniele pulchra , venusta .
Douax transversus, navicula, gracilis,
carinatus, rostratus , punctatostria-
tus , v. caelatus . assimilis.
Trigona planulata ||, Hindsii .
Callista aurantia, chionaea, circinata ,
tortuosa, lupinaria)), ro.sea||, v. puella.
Chione amathusia, suoillata, neglecta. *
Anomalocardia subimbricnta, subrugosa.
Tapes grata, -f-vars. discors, fuscolineata.
Petricola pholadiformis, var.
Venericardia laticostata, radiata.
Chama frondosa, spinosa.
Cardium consors , senticosum, proce-
Hemicardiumbiangulatnm , graniferum.
Liocardium apicinnm .
Codakia tigerrina ||5|.
Lucina eburnea , excavata , pectinata.
Felania tellinoides , var.
Modiola Brasiliensis, capax.
Area grandis, tuberculosa.
* Unless otherwise specified, either by , |), or locality-marks in Kep. pf>. 228-231,
these species may be presumed to have come from the Panama district.
The&e species were probably from Acapulco.
Probably from Mazatlan.
Another specimen, 3'78 iru across, is marked " Sta. Barbara " oa the shell,
Scapliarca bifrons *, emarginata, labiata,
Bjssoarca Pacifica, mutabilis.
Barbatia alternata, aviculoides, gTadata,
Pectunculus inaequalis, maculatus, par-
cipictus , Ppectinoides .
Leda Elenensis, polita.
Pinna maura, tuberculosa.
Bryophila setosa *.
Pecten ventricosus, subnodosus .
Lima angulata .
Bulla Adamsi, Quoyi .
Siphonaria gigas, lecanium et vara.
maura, palmata .
Acmaea mesoleuea, mitella, vernicosa.
Fissurella riigosa, nigropunctata, ?ina-
Gh'phis ina3C[iialis, alta.
Senectus squamigerus .
Uv r anilla inermis.
Calliostoma lima, Leanum f .
Oni phallus Panamensis, corooulatus *,
Nerita Bernhardi, scabricosta.
Neritina picta, Gnavaquilensis, Interme-
dia [" =globoea, '&VL"].
Crucibulum imbricatum, spinosum, um-
brella, radiatum, pectinatum *, corru-
Galerus conicus, mamillaris.
Crepidula aculeata , excavata, incitrva.
Hipponyx barbatus, Grayanua.
Bivonia contorta, albida.
Cerithium maculosum, uncinatum, me-
diolaeve, intemiptum, alboliratum.
Cerithidea Montagnei, varicosa.
Litorina aspera, conspersa, Philippii.
Modulus eatenulatus, Pdisculus.
Rissoina firmata*, fortis*, exp?msa*fjf,
stricta ; Janus *, Woodwardii i(.
Planaxis mgritella, planicostata.
Hadius avena , similis.
Carinea emarginata, jun.
TrivLa pustulata, puila, Pacifica.
Erato scabriuscula , MaTigen'a?.
Strombus galeatus, gracilior, granulatns*
Euryta fulgurata, aciculata .
Drillia albovallosa, aterrima, Pexarata f
incrassata, nigerrima, rudis, bexagona,
Mangelia subdiaphana , hamata*t r
Cithara stromboides [? =triticea ; Kien.].
Daphnella casta .
Conns gladiator, mahogani, nux, purpiv-
Obeliscus achates *|f.
Scalaria llind.-ii *.
Alora Gouldii *.
Cancellaria bulbulus, claratula, deeus-
sata ; goniostoma, tessellata, mitrifor-
Natica marocoana et vars., Souleyetiana,
zonaria , catenata .
Polinices oti^^ uber.
Nevcrita patula ^.
Persona ridens [? = ] constrictus*
Triton lignarius, tigrinus, ? pileare, jun.
Ptanella caelata, nitida, triquetra, pyra-
midalis [like anceps and producta,
Fasciolaria granosa, tulipa, jun. [Pirn-
Latirus castaneus, ceratus, rudis, tuber-
Mitr-a lens, tuniculata, nucleola.
Marfrinella eferuleseens, polita (?).
Persicula imbricate .
Volvarinatriticea , varia, serrata, fus-
ea [some of these are assigned to Sta.
Barbara. West Indian specimens may
have been intermixed: vide Cape St.
Lucas list, infrii].
Oliva angulata,' porphyria.
OliTella anazora, gracilis , ineonspicua,
semistriata, tergina, volutella, zonalis,
Purpura biserialis, melo, patula, triangu-
Cuina tecta^ kiosquifonnia.
ON MOLLUSCA OF THE WEST COAST OF NORTH AMERICA.
Engina Reeviana, crocostoma.
Anachis Californica .*, coronata, costel-
lata, fluctuata, lyrata, nigricans, parva,
pygmaea, diminuta #, rugosa, varia.
Strombina bicanalifera, gibberula, re-
Pisania gemmata, insignia, pagodus,
Murex recurvirostris, [?=] nigrescens
dubia, vibex, "pin-
Sistrum carbonarium .
Columbella festiva, fuscata, labiosa,
major, Reevei*, imcinata, Pmille-
Nassa collaria*, corpulenta, crebristri-
ata, luteostoma, pagodus, scabrius-
cula, tegula, versicolor, complanata, Muricidea alveata*
Stimpsoniana *, nodicincta. niger,
This list, of about 133 species from the northern and 328 from the
southern fauna (nearly twice as large as that sent by Dr. Gould and printed
in the first Report, and yet not containing several species there quoted), is an
instructive instance of what may be accomplished in about three-quarters of
a year, simply by picking up shore-shells. It contains about 48 species in
the northern and 22 in the southern faunas not previously described.
Besides the recent shells, Col. Jewett brought home a very interesting
series of Pliocene fossils from the neighbourhood of Sta. Barbara. Almost all
of them are species known to inhabit neighbouring seas, and are chiefly
northern forms. Of some no recent specimens have yet been found in such
perfect condition. The following is a list of the species, which is of the more
value as they have not been intermixed with those of any other locality, and
the spot does not seem to have been discovered by any succeeding geological
explorer. It was two miles from the coast, and 150 feet high.
Chione succincta *.
Psephis tantilla, Psalmonea.
Cardium graniferum *.
Venericardia v. ventricosa f.
Pecten floridus *.
Margarita pupilla f.
Gal eras fastigiatus f.
Crepidula grandisf [^k?^
Com:, 3-5 inches long].
Tumtella Jewettii, n. s.
Bittium rugatum, n. s.
armillatum ; n. s.
Lacuna solidula f.
* These species are of a southern type,
t These forms rank with the northern
Opalia (Pcrenatoides, var.) insculpta*,
Natica clausa f.
Priene Oregonensis f.
tuberosa, n. s.
Trophon tenuisculptus f , ?n. s. [may
prove identical with T. Jimbriatula,
A. Ad., Japan].
Trophon Orpheus f.
Pisania fortis *, n. s.
Chrysodomus carinatus f, Brit. Mua.
[probably = despectus, var. ] .
Chrysodomus tabulatus, jun.f, n. s.
.. dims f.
series. Tlie rest belong to the present Californian
The following fossils were also col-
lected by Col. Jewett :
Purpura crispata I San Francisco, 160 ft.
ostrina ( above the Bay.
Tellina congesta, Conr. Monterey.
Scalaria : can scarcely be distinguished
from planicosttita, Kien., in Brit. Mus.
(?=Gr(Klandica) : Panama,
The collections of Major Rich, having been tabulated by Dr. Gould simply
as from Upper or Lower California, I had expected to find of but little geo-
graphical value. They proved, however, to be of peculiar interest. Major
Rich had been one of the naturalists in the U. S. Expl. Exp., and his warlike
occupations did not prevent his remaining long enough at particular stations
to pay close attention to the Molluscs. His forte lay in procuring shells in
the best possible condition ; and a study of them was very serviceable in
explaining the dead shore-shells usually obtained from other sources. For-
tunately, he was quite aware of the importance of geographical accuracy, and