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* Pomps and Vanities of that wicked

Place ; and yet, behold, we are ftill
c polluted with the fame Corruptions.
4 How odious to my Eyes is that daz-
ling Paint that adorns the Side of the
4 Ship! How deteftable thofe graven
{ Figures that glitter on the Stern in
various Colours, and mine in all the
Splendour of Gold, the Author of all
c Corruption ! How imperiouily does

the Flag of Pride wave from the
1 Bolt-fprit in the Wind! But above
c all, O my dear Fellows! How can you

* endure

'( 95 )
endure that Wooden Idol, that paint-

ed Whore, that ftands naked from

* the Waift upwards at the Prow ? To

* what Fortunes, think you, can you

* follow fuch a Whore? But further, do
1 we not {hew the moft unworthy Dif-
f truft of Providence, in committing
c ourielves to the Guidance of an hu-
{ man Pilot, and the Government of a
' Mortal's Wifdom ? To what End the
< Rudder, the Maft, and the Tackle,

* thofe Relicks of our former Abomi-
4 nations ? To what purpofe the Sails,
4 thofe Rags of Diffatorian Profanation ?
Is there the fmalleft Mention made
4 of them? Is there any Command for
1 them in our ancient Laws? If there
1 be not, with what Aflurance can we

* fuffer fuch unwarranted Innovations?

* O how my Soul abhors fuch human,
' fuch carnal, fuch profane Inventions ?

* Let us fly, my dear Companions, let

* us quickly fly from this damnable
c Machine, whofe Keel I know to be

* rotten, and let us throw ourfelves in-

c to


to the Cock-boat, a VefTel that has
nothing of Diftatorian Art or Pride
' about it, and, with a firm Faith, com-
< mit ourfelves to the Protection of Pro-
f vidence.'

THIS Speech made a ftrong Impref-
lion on his unwary Hearers, and the
more, becaufe of that vehement Aver-
fion they had to the Dittatorian Abufes.
So they, one and all, protefted againft
every Thing that looked like Diftato-
rian, and, with one Confent, refolved
to feize the Cock-boat, and attempt a
Voyage in it through the wide Sea.

THI s Refolution they put in practice
the very next Day, and committed them-
felves to the Ocean without Oars, with-
out Rudder, and without Victual-
ling. They were no fooner got to Sea
in their little Barque, than they per-
ceived that it did not flir, and that they
were in danger of being left motionlefs
in the midft of the Ocean, to flarve for
want of F0od, or perifli by the next
violent blaft of Wind. It was then


( 97 )

firit that they. had recourfe to human
Help, and feized a Rope that dragged
after the Ship in the Water; fo that
they made a (hift to keep up with the
VelTel. The reft of the Crew, know-
ing nothing of their Intention, threw
out fome other Ropes to relieve them
from the Diftrefs they were in, and
hawl them to again. But, inftead of
thanking them for their brotherly Con-
cern, they railed aloud at them, calling
them vile and prophane Wretches,
proud Di&atorians , and when ever
they faw any of them mounting the
Shrowds to order the Tackle, or Sails,
they called them Tyrants and High-
flyers j and bid them beware of the
Hold and the Dungeon, to humble
their Pride. In this Mood they fol-
lowed the Ship, till at length they began
to feel the Want of Victualling grew
faft upon them, which made them call
aloud for Food to the Ship : but their
extravagant Madnefs made them do it
in fuch difobliging Terms, that they
K on

( 9 8 )

on Deck thought proper to refufe them
for fome Time, till Pity, and a Ten-
dernefs for their Lives, moved them
to hand down fome moldy Bifket, and
fome coarfe Beef to them. This, al-
though their Hunger forced them to
devour it, did not fatisfy them. They
infifted that they were intitled to an e-
qual Share of the Ship's Provifion, and
curfed the Crew for refilling it. Their
male-content Spirit was ftill more en-
flamed ; when the under Sailors taunted
them from the Stern, and derided, with
great Sharpnefs, their mad Project:,
and the abfurd Defence they made for
themfelves. At laft the Captain, hav-
ing found what was the Matter, ap-
peared at the Cabin Window, and
fpoke to this Effect: :

I AM much troubled, my dear
< Friends, for the extravagant Spirit,
with which I find you are pofTeffed.
Be aflured I have not the fmalleft
c Intentions to tyrannize. I only took
the Office I hold at the Requefl of


( 99 )

* you all; I am ready to lay it down
again, if my Adminiflration has been
< faulty. But then you muft elect an-

* other, Order and Government nece-

* farily requiring it, and our Laws giv*

* ing fufficient Warrant thereunto. We

* all abhor the flagitious Lives, and mi*

* ferable Degeneracy of the Diftato-

* rians as much as you ; but the Rig-
'* ging and Ornaments of our Ship were
none of their Crimes, being harmlefs

* and indifferent Things. Without our

* Rudder, our Sails, &c. we cannot make
c the Voyage; we muft therefore retain
c them as neceflary to our Prefervation,

* Nor do we (hew, by fo doing, any

* Diftruft of divine Providence, which

* we can only hope to affift us, where

* human Means fail. You yourfelves
( perceive, that your Hopes that Provi-
4 dence would do that for you, which
c you can do for yourfelves, were idle,

* becaufe it has deferted you, and left
1 you to depend on that Rope for your

* Way, and on us for your Victual s*

K 2 'I

< I do not, like the reft of our Crew,
4 deride your Folly j but I pity theun-
' happy Refolution you have taken,
* which cnuft inevitably end in your
' Ruin, if not fpeedily laid afide. Re-
c _ turn, let me earneftly befeech you, to
c your Friends and Fellow-Sailors, and,
' inftead of deftroying your felves, help
< forward the common Good of the
'Community, you embarked in, at our
' Departure from Di&afon'a. In purg-
( ing ourfelves of Abufes, we have not
fo much regarded what was Diftato-
c rian t as what was contrary to our
ancient Laws. Joined with us you
e may live and profper j but, if you fe-
' parate, you muft perim.

UPON hearing this, one or two re-
turned to a better Mind , and were
hawled up into the Ship. The Boat
being driven againft the Ship by one
Wave, and overfet by another, the refl
were all loft.



The Eighth.

A Bout one thoufand feven hundred
Years ago there was a Temple
built, no matter where j but its Foun-
dations were lank deep in a Rock of
Adamant, and its Dome pierced the
Clouds: The Materials were too hard
for Time to impair, and the Work-
manfliip too firm for the mofl furious
Storms to injure: The Plan was drawn
by the greateft Architect in the World,
and the Deiign was proportionable to
the immenfe *and exalted Genius of its
Author: It was built in a plain Style,
fo that, if it were viewed by one of a
corrupt Tafte, it had little that he
could admire ; for there was nothing
extravagant or enormous in it; nay, its
Height and Platform were fo judicioufly
K 3 adjufted,

( 10-2 ')

adjufted, that although both were very
great, yet neither feemed prodigious.
To one of any Judgment the whole
Figure feemed wonderfully majeftick
and ftately. It had two Excellencies
peculiar to it; one, that, if you mould
furvey it for fome time attentively, it
would feem to grow in Size and Gran-
deur, till, without either training the
Eye, or {hocking the Imagination, it
had infenfibly inlarged both, and taught
the Beholder a certain Capacity of fee-
ing and conceiving, which he was un-
acquainted with before; the other, that
the inftant you entered it, you were
jftruck with a facred kind of Awe,
which came fo irrefiftibly upon you,
that were you of never fo gay or loofe
a Difpolition, you could not help be-
ing grave. But then this was attended
with no Uneafmefs or Fear; for the
Beauty and Chearfulnefs of all you faw
was fuch, and the Light, which enter-
ed by a thoufand fpacious Windows,
was fo great, that you were as much


delighted as awed. Every thing was dif-
pofed in fo fimple and natural an Or-
der, and yet with fuch Magnificence,
as could not but fill a judicious Beholder
with a ferious and folemn kind of Joy,
accompanied with that profound Reve-
rence which ought to be felt, when a
divine Nature is fuppofed to be prefent.
Some were more taken with one thing,
and fome with another j but all agreed,
that the Architect had {hewn uncom-
mon Skill, in giving it fuch abundance
of Light, which ferved to difcover the
Symmetry, the Beauty, and mafterly
Contrivance of all within. There was
no Utenfil that was not ornamental ;
no Decoration that was not ufeful. To
fay no more of it, it infinitely furpafled
the Ephefan Temple of Diana, and
even eclipfed the Glory of Solomons
Temple at Jerufakm.

THE Architect, who had built it at
his own Expence,"when he died, left,
in his laft Will and Teftament, an En-
dowment fufficient to keep it clean, and
K 4 in

( 104 )

in Repair; and nominated fuch Tra-
ftees for the purpofe as he could con-
fide in, both on account of their Ho-
nefty, and the great Skill in Architec-
ture, which he had communicated to
them. He left them alfo a fair Copy
of the Plan, with ftricl: Orders never to
touch any. Part of the Work without
confulting it ; and to appoint fuch o-
thers as mould either aflift, or fucceed
them in this Charge. For three or
four hundred Years thefe Perfons dif-
charged their Truft fo fufficiently, and
the general Tafte continued fo pure,
that the Edifice was admired for the
fame Beauty and Majefly that recom-
mended it at firfr. They came from
all Parts of the World to fee it, and
worfliip in it. It is true the Admirers
of other renowned Temples, bigotted
to their own favourite Notions of Ar-
chitecture, and envious of the Honours
that were paid to this, often battered
it with Rams, and other warlike En-
gines, but to no purpofe : So firm were


its Walls, that they could make no
Imprefiion on it; and fo honeft was
the Corporation of Truftees , and fo
zealous for its Glory, that there was
fcarce a Man of them who was not
ready to receive the Shocks of the bat-
tering Rams on his own Head, rather
than fufFer them to touch the Temple.
There were, from time to time, feve-
ral among the Truftees, who either not
rightly underftanding the Rules of Ar-
chitecture, or elfe ambitious of getting
a Name by Innovations, pretended to
find Faults in the Structure, which they
faid had been put in by unfkilful Ma-
nagers, in the feveral Ages, fince the
Death of the Architect. They endea-
voured, but in vain, to make this ap-
pear by the Plan ; and had their Opi-
nions condemned in feveral Boards held
by the Truftees, on purpofe to confider
of thefe Matters. At length one of
the Truftees, a covetous and intriguing
Man, what by caballing and practif-
ing with feme of the moft fhort-


( 106 )

lighted, or ill-principled of the Board j
and what by calling in the Affiftance
and Intereft of a great Lord in the
Neighbourhood, acquired fuch an In-
fluence over the Truftees, that he might
do what he pleafed; and it was never
in his Nature or Intention to do any-
thing, that was not for his own private
Intereft. He endeavoured to prove
himfelf vefted with a Right to this Su-
periority over his Brethren, from the
Teftament of the Architect; becaufe
the original Truftee, under whom he
derived, happened to be firft in the
Lift of Truftees, and mentioned there-
in both by Name and Surname : With
the fame Principles with which he had
ufurped, he alfo abufed this Power. He
took the Keys of the Temple into
bis own Hand, and would let no body
in, either to view the Building, or to
adore the Deity td whom it was dedi-
cated, without paying a very conlider-
able Tax to him, of which he put the
greater Part in his own Pockets, diftri-


bating the reft among the other Tru*
flees, who, by that means, and others
as difhoneft and flavifh, were kept obe-
dient to him. This was directly againfl
the Intention of the Architect, who had
wrote over the Entrance of the great
Gate thefe Words: Let this Gate
jland open to all People. By which-
plain People thought a free Entrance
was ordered for all: But he infifted,.
that the Architect had given him the
fble Right of interpreting that Sentence,,
and judging of the Plan j to this Right
he pleaded common Senfe, and Reafon,
and Grammar ought to fubmit. He
interpreted the Sentence thus: Let this
Gate Jland open to all, who pay for
Entrance-, the laft Words he faid were
omitted for Brevity's fake; and fwore
a terrible Oath, that he would never
let any Mortal in, who queftioned his
Authority. However, being confcious
to himfelf that this Interpretation was
ftrained, he covered the Sentence with
a, brazen Plate ^ fo People even gave


him his Demand ( for what other could
they do?) thinking it better to pay,
than be kept out. In Procefs of Time
Mankind, who are always upon the
Change, degenerated into a vitiated and
barbarous Tafte; nothing, that was not
extravagant and monftrous, could pleafe.
In Architecture particularly, the wild
and the vafl, the odd and the whimfi-
fical alone were held in Admiration.
The Uftirper, in Compliance with the
Age ( for he that would fill his Pockets,
ought to ferve the Times) covered the
Walls both without and within, with
a thoufand finical and gothick Orna-
ments, that were fo well fitted to the
ill Tafte of the Times, that they drew
an infinite Rabble of Gapers to the
Temple, who, coming out of mere
Curiofity, and with little or no Tafte
in Architecture, did greatly encreafe
his Tax. He cut large Niches in the
Walls, in which he placed Images,
many of them of a very mean kind
of Workmanfhipj and yet they were


worfhipped by moft that came in, and
admired by all. The Niches were fo
frequent, and fo near the Foundation,
that they could not but greatly impair
the Strength of the Building : He dug
a huge Vault under it, by which alfo
the Foundations were much weakened ;
there he flung the Carcafes of thofe
dead Perfons, whofe Friends paid him
for the Liberty of entering there, out
of a fond Notion, that they would never
rot in that Place.

ALTHO' it was eafy to perceive the
Abfurdity of this Conceit, by the noi-
fome Stench that iflued from that Pit
of Rottenefs, and had the moft un-
wholefome Effedls on all who came in-
to the Temple; yet the Practice (fuch
is the Credulity of thofe who have
given up their Reafon) went on. He
glazed the Windows with a kind of
painted Glafs, thro' which a dim and
livid Light entered the Temple, and
brought with it a great Variety of odd


and fuperftitious Figures, that feemed
to place themfelves in the Windows for
no other Purpofe, but to intercept the
Rays of the Sun. This, which at Noon
was no better than a Twi-light, was
reduced to abfolute Darknefs by the
Smut, which the Smoak of Tapers,
that were burnt there Day and Night,
had left upon the Walls and the Ceil-
ing. Two Ends very advantageous to
the Ufurper were anfwered by this ar-
tificial Obfcurity, Firft, the idle and
ridiculous Ornaments he had added be-
ing ieen by Candle-light, were in lefs
danger of having their Deformity or
counterfeit Beauty difcovered j again,
the Temple being dark of itfelf, it was
neceflary that he mould furnifh Lights
to thofe who went in, and as neceflary
that they mould pay him roundly for
his Service.

THE upright and firm Pillars of the
Doric k and Ionic k Order, which fup-
ported the Work above with a natural
Air of Grandeur and Strength, he cut


( III )

into feeble Tortilles, enameled their
Surfaces with a thoufand barbarous and
crawling Figures, and loaded their Ca-
pitals with fuch extravagant Foliages,
as were a fufficient Weight for the Shaft,
had there been nothing elfe.

AT length he added to it another
Building, or rather an Heap of almoft
an equal Size with itfelf, but on a quite
different Plan ; by which means the
Uniformity of the Figure was intirely
taken away. This new Erection had
falfe Windows on the Out-fide that
were glazed, as if intended for the Re-
ception of Light, but the Wall was
continued at thofe Places on the Infide,
fo that the Light was intirely (hut out.
It was fo crouded every where with
little quaint Images, and Pictures, and
grotefque Figures, flarting out from
the Walls, that it feemed a Burlefque
on the old Temple. He was continually
adding feme new Device, which
brought Gazers to it, and Money into
his Pocket. The Front of the old
3 Temple

( I" )

Temple was fliut up, and thofe, who
wanted to fee either, were introduced
by that of the new, which flood the
direct contrary Way, and fo were con-
ducted thro' a private dark PafTage, by
which means it was pretty difficult to
know, when one was in the ancient
and when in the modern Structure.
His Reafon for this incoherent Situation
was, to make his own Edifice feem
more magnificent, than that of the an-
cient Architect; for as you approached
them in this Manner, you had the
Front of his Pile, and only the Back
of the old Temple in View at once;
which he imagined could not but fet
off his Erection in the moft advantage-
ous Light ; but good Judges fay it hap-
pened quite otherwife, and that the
worft View of the one, was incompa-
rably finer than the moft elaborate Prof-
pect of the other. -The Mi flakes in this
latter Addition were fo grofs and fo nu-
merous, that many, even in thofe
Times, perceived it was no great Mi-

( 3 )

racle of Art, and were fo free as to call

it a new-fangled and modern Perfor-
mance. To this, the Ufurper, with
his Fellow Truftees had the AfTurance
to anfwer, that it was no new nor late
Erection, but of the fame Antiquity
with what they called the old Temple,
and built by the fame Architect ; who,
if you would believe them, told their
Corporation fo, and left them a verbal
Licence to make what Additions or
Alterations they (hould think proper ;
but for this they had no authentick Re-
cord to (hew. It was eafy to fee the
Falmood of all their Afiertions on that
Subject, by a bare View of this latter
Edifice, in which there were an hun-
dred Extravagancies altogether un-
known to the Age in which the old
Temple was built. However, to make
what they maintained the more pro-
bable, the Ufurper pofitively aflerted
in the Teeth of common Senfe, and
againft the Teilimony of every ones
Eyes, that the whole Pile, as they
L then

then faw It, was raifed together, that
It was impoffible for either to (land
without the other, and that if it were
not fo, there ought to have been an.
Entrance to that Part which they
called the Old Temple ; whereas you
may obferve, faid be, that you are all
obliged to enter by the Gate of that
Structure which you call an Addition,
and fo to pafs on thro' the whole Build-
ing. Some of them told him, that it
was. plain enough to any one's Eyes,
$h,af there was an Entrance in the Front
$f the Old Temple, and at the fame
Time pointed to the Gate. To this
he anfwered, that what they miftook
for an Entrance was quite another
Thing ; that if they underftood Archi-
tecture, they would be of his Mind:
that as they were ignorant of that Art,
they ought to give him Leave to judge
for them ; and modeftly fubrnit their
Senfes and Reafon to his Skill; and
that they were not to fuppofe any Ana-
logy between a Temple and a dwelling


f "5 J

Houfe. Upon this they defired to fee

a Plan ; but he told them that was
only permitted by the Architect to the
Board of Truftees. We hope then,
faid they, we may fee his Will at leaft.
No, replied he, I am fole Executor,
and (hall fee it fulfilled. You have
nothing to do with thele Matters, but
are a Parcel of Blockheads and impu-
dent Puppies. You do not underhand
Architecture, and therefore can make
nothing of the Plan. You are igno-
rant of the Language, in which the
Will was wrote, and therefore can
make as little of that, Tho' there was
fcarce any Thing in which the old and
new Structure agreed, altho' the Front
of each was turned a different Way, al-
tho' their very Clocks pointed the Time,
and their Weathercocks the Wind dif-
ferently, yet the People thro' Ignorance
or Fear, fuffered themfelves to be over-
ruled, and were fatisfied to {hut their
own, and be directed by his Eyes-


( "6 )

HAVING thus quieted the People,
he governed all Things by his own Will
for a long Time, and many a fair Pen-
ny he made by keeping the Keys. As
for the other Truftees, they turned
Empiricks and Quacks, and pretend-
ing that the Bones, or Teeth, or Hair
of fuch as had died in the Defence of
the Temple, when it was befieged,
could cure all Difeafes, they fold them
publickly in the Temple -, and when
they were exhaufted, brought more
from the Magazine of Rottennefs in
the Vault. By this means the Temple
was converted into a kind of Shop, or
Exchange, in which all Manner of Arts
were ufed that .Knaves are wont to
praclife on Fools.

BUT, at laft, fome difpleafed with
his intolerable Avarice and Pride, to
which he fet no Bounds, and the Pro-
ftitution of fo facred a Building to Mer-
chandize and Gain, broke into the old
Temple, by the Entrance that had
been fo long fhut up j which they had


( "7 )

the better Right to do, that the greater
Number of them were Truftees. The
firfl Thing they did was to fearch for
the original Plan, which they found
wrapt in an old worm-eaten Covering,
and thrown into a dark Corner. Ha-
ving opened it, they immediately fet
themfelves to 'make fuch Alterations,
as might reduce the Building to its an-
tient Plainnefs, They prun'd the Walls
of all the unnatural Ornaments with
which their Beauty had been conceal-
ed, and their Regularity defaced. They
brumed off the Cobwebs, and the
Smut. They demolished the Images,
and filled up the Niches with the fame
Materials that had been taken out of
them before. In order to forward and
direct their Work, they broke down
the painted Glafs, that darkened the
Windows j and put the moil tranfpa-
rent Glafs they could get in the Room

Two- Things put a Stop to this

Work, which, at firft, went on very

I brifkly.

( II* )

brifkly. The Ufurper, with thofe of
his Party, which was by far the moft
numerous, fet upon them while they
were thus employed, and killing a great
many of them on the Spot, drove the
reft into one End of the Temple,
where, by the Afliftance of others,
who came in to their Relief, they found
means to barricade and fortify them-
felves. Thefe Fortifications made an
ill Figure in the Temple, but there
was no Help for it. The Ufurper did
not think it fufficient to put a Stop to
the Reftoration of antient Architecture
by Force, but he ufed a thoufand Slights
and Stratagems to miflead and embroil
the Reftorers, the chief of which was
this: He fent many of his own Gang,
to take on them the Appearance of Re^
ftorers, who, having artfully infinu-
ated themfelves into their Efteem and
Affection, put on the Shew of more
than ordinary Zeal, finding fault with
the Cowardice and Coldnefs of thofe
who had begun the Work ; and pul-

f 119 )

ling all down before them, without
DiftincYion of good or bad, ancient or
modern. Numbers of well -meaning,,
fimple People were carried away with
this Appearance, and fet themfelves to
demolifii with the fame Ignorance and
the fame Fury. Away went the facred
Furniture of the Temple, pilfered by
iacrilegious Hands! Down went every
thing that was ornamental, though it
was never fo ufeful ! The Windows
were ftript of their tranfparent Glafs
by pretended Haters of painted Glafs,
and pretended Lovers of Light ; by
which means the infide of the Tem-
ple was expofed to the Weather; and
the wild Devaftation they had made,
lay open to the Eyes and Scoffs of their
Enemies. Thefe barbarous and Got hick
Ruiners were not a little affifted in their
impious Pranks by Crouds of Thieves
and Robbers, who, under Pretence of
reforming Abufes in Architecture, broke
into the Temple, and made Plunder of
all they laid their Hands on. In vain


( 120 )

did the fober and honeft, who confult-
ed the Plan and the Will of the Archi-
tect in all they did, labour to hinder
thefe Abufes. But the Ufurper did
not inveigh againft this Havock and
thefe Bickerings, which he himfelf had
been fecretly the Author of, in vain.
He found it no difficult Matter to in-
fufe a flrong Prejudice into People's
Minds, againft fuch impious and out-
rageous Practices, having, by his clan-
deftine EmifTaries, firft rendered them
fuch, for that very Purpofe. The Con-
fequence of this was, that People ge-
nerally thought it fafer to continue in

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