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that they, at firft, made many Profelytes
to their way of thinking, whom they


( 147 )

afterwards further initiated into their
dark Defigns, as they found Means to
wean them from the Love of Light, and
polTefs them with a Fondnefs for fuch
abfurd and abominable Practices as
could not bear the Lamp.

H o w E v E R , notwithstanding the
thick Veil under which they concealed
their Defigns, the Pyrandrian World
was then too plentifully illuminated,
for fuch an Impofition to pafs long up-
on it. Several things affifled the Dif-
covery : Firft, their counterfeit Lamps,
with which they had found Admit-
tance into the Pyrandrian AfTemblies
were found out, and fo fufficiently ex-
ploded, that they were obliged to lay
them afide. Secondly, they could not
be prevailed on to draw together thofe
Precepts on which the Art was found-
ed ; nor make Lamps even by the Hi-
ftory itfelf, left, truly, they fhould im-
pofe a particular Senfe on any Part of
it, or introduce novel Explications.
This gave great Caufe of Sufpicion, that
O a they

( 148 )

they were not true Friends to the In-
vention. Thirdly, they affected the
fame way of Reafoning, and the fame
Latitude of Thought with thofe who
openly oppofed the Art, and were ever
ready to cry them up as Patterns of
good Senfe and found Judgment.
Fourthly, they appeared to have no
Light about them , and when they
were queftioned with on that Article,
they fhewed a dark Lanthorn in which,
they faid, was inclofed a moft glorious
Lamp, made by a new Receipt, from
whence they vain-glorioufly afTumed ,
and the Pyrandrians, in Derifion, gave
them the Name of Augenei, or New-
lights. They could not be prevailed
on to open thefe Lanthorns, although
they had nothing to fear, but merely
the being convicted of Impofture ; for
the Pyrandnans ufed no Violence or
Perfecution, thinking every one punim-
ed himfelf fufficiently, who refufed the
Ufe of the Lamps. The bare Ufe of
an Abflract, that confeffedly contained



( H9 )

nothing different from the Hiftory ,
feemed to be too flight a Foundation
for the Divifions that were broached ,
and the Debates that were fet on Foot.
Since little or no Inconvenience could
rationally be feared from thence, it was
to be prefumed the Augenei had fome-
thing of more Moment at the bottom,
and that they were Enemies to the
Lamps themfelves. At leafl if this
was not the Cafe, fome other Principle
or Delign, as detrimental to the Pub-
lick Welfare, muft be fuppofed from
the Induftry and Art ufed to conceal,
not only thofe Lamps they pretended to
carry about, but the Secret by which
they were made, and the whole Plan
of their Defigns. If the Lamps of the
Pyrandrians were falfe Lights, or their
Inventor a Deceiver, why did not the
Augend^ who fet up for more than or-
dinary Degrees of Benevolence, open-
ly expofe the Impofture? If their own
were the only true ones, why did they
not produce them, and publifh the Re-
O 3 ceipt

ceipt by which they were made ? Why
were all things to be managed covert-
ly, and in the dark, by one Party, in a
Difpute about Light, whilft the other
dealt openly in every thing, and taughfc
the World what they knew? Why
were the Principles of the Augenei ib
impenetrable and opake, while thofe-
of the Pyrandrians were altogether
tranfparent? Was it not a molt pre-
pofterous thing while the Augenei rail-
ed at the Pyrandrians for the Ufe of
an Abftract for which they could not
affign natural Reafons, becaufe the Co-
operation of the feveral Ingredients was
in itfelf myflerious and inexplicable,
that they mould make a Secret of what,
if you believed their own Words, they
could very eafily explain? All thefe,
and a thoufand other Queries of the
fame kind , are no other Way to be
anfwered, but by faying that the Ange-
mi flood up in Defence of a pretended
Light, in order to eftablifh a real Dark-


nefs, becaufe Darknefs was the only
Defence for their Deeds.

THIS Controverfy is likely never to
have an End j becaufe Light and Dark-
nefs are incompatible, till one or other
Party be deflroyed.

BUT there is little Room to expe<5l
this; lince if, on the one Hand, the
real and manifefl Ufe of the Lamps
muft always preferve the Art of making
them, and the Hiftory in which it is
contained; fo the Augend have many
Helps to fupport them on the other.
In all Controverfies Obfcurity has great-
ly the Advantage of Perfpicuity. All
the Defigns of the Pyrandriam are no
fooner laid, than difcovered and ob-
viated, while thofe of the Augend are
impenetrable. The Pyrandrians lie o-
pen to a thoufand Shots from the dark,
expofed by their own Light, while the
Augend are invifible, and only to be
attacked at random. If there be the
leaft Flaw in an Argument that is
thoroughly underflood, it is immediate-

O 4 ly

( '52 )

ly widened to a DifTolution of the
whole : or, if there be none, it is eafy
feeing where a pretended one may moft
artfully and feafibly be fixed.

BUT, on the other Side, be there
never fo many real Defects, Obfcurity
can hide them all ; and, as there is no
diflinguifhing right from wrong, there
is neither Safety nor Certainty in op-
pofing any thing. What, faid the Py-
randrians, is the Ufe of Light but to be
diffufed about us, and to prefent us with
a View of the Perfons or Things we
are concerned with? The beneficent
Inventor of our Lamps forbid us to
hide them, but rather to let them mine
before all the Pyrandrians , that all
might fee and enjoy the Benefit of
them, and provide themfelves with
Lamps of their own; but thefe Augenei^
either envying us a Share of their new
Light, or elfe fearing it mould be found
to be no better than Darknefs, conceal
both their Art and Lamps; and, by their
{tumbling and irregular Motions, give


( '53 )

fhrewd Signs that they had no Light;
and, by their pilfering, and other dark
Practices, that they defire none.

A THOUSAND other Circumstances
too tedious here to mention, concurred
to confirm this Sufpicion j but at length
an Accident happened that put it out
of Queftion. One of the Augenei was
caught afleep, after a Debauch,, by a
Company of the Pyrandriam^ with his
Lanthorn lying by him. They carried
off both with them, and, in a full Af-
fembly of their own People, examined
him about the Nature of his new
Light : But there was fuch a world of
Shuffling and Ambiguity in all his An-
fwers, that it was impoffible to make
any thing of him, only this, that fuch
equivocal and double-dealing plainly
argued him an Impoftor ; befides, upon
his being firfl roufed, which was ,in
the midft of the AfTembly, he was in
vaft Confufion to find himfelf furprized,
his Eyes could not bear the Brightnefs
ef the Lamps, and he demanded his


( i54 J

Lanthorn with the greateft Marks o?
Fear and Anxiety, in both his Voice
and Looks. This was all the Helps
they had to form his Character , or
that of his Companions, from any Ob-
fervations they could make on himfelf;
for his Impudence foon recovered him
from his Surprife, infomuch that he
anfwered all their Queflions with an
innocent Face and an affured Look-
The Pyrandrians, finding it impoffible
to draw him out from the intricate Re-
cefTes and dark lurking Places, which
his manifold Hypocrify and Impudence
afforded him, ordered his Lanthorn to
be opened, in Hopes of making a full
Difcovery from thence : But they fpent
a great deal of Time, to no purpofe, in
fearching for a Door. After handing it
about, and examining it one after an-
other, they were obliged to ufe Violence
to it.

UPON breaking it open fuch a pefti-
lential Vapour iffued from the Fradure,
as made the Lamps, for a Moment or


( '55 )

two, burn blue, and feized the Heads
of all that were prefent with an unac-
countable Giddinefs: But, upon its go-
ing off immediately, they could obferve
no Light in the Lanthorn, nor any
room for a Lamp or Candle: for the
whole was fluffed with Implements of
various kinds, which they drew out
and examined one after another. Firft
came forth a large Packet, with the
Word NEtr-LIGHTwotQ upon it
in capital Letters, and round the Word
the Figures of the Sun, Moon, Stars,
and other luminous Bodies, with Rays,,
and large Encomiums interfperfed upoa
the Nature and Excellence of Light.
Upon breaking this open, it appeared
to be only the covering of feveral other.
Packets contained within it, and was
all painted with Clouds on the infide.
The firft of the leffer Packets, had
TRUTH wrote on it, and underneath a.
naked Woman held a Balance, one
Scale of which was immerfed in a
Cloud, while the Sun (hone brightly


( '56)

on the other; upon opening this, there
was found another with SOPHISTRY
wrote upon it, and a Figure with two
Faces peeping from behind a Curtain 5
and this again being open, was found
full of fine Duft , which , by the leaft
Breath of the By-flanders , arofe like
Smoke, and, for fome Time, fo far
prevailed upon the Lamps, as to render
what paft almoft invifible. The next
Packet that was difplayed, had NATURE
wrote upon it, and underneath the Fi-
gure or a favage Pyrandrian frifking.
on his Hands and Feet, and haftening
with Pleafure and Eagernefs in his
Countenance, towards an Herd of four-
footed Animals , that appeared at a
Diftance. Within it was daubed with
obfcene and drunken Figures, and rude
Battles of naked Pyrandrians, tearing
each other with their Teeth. It con-
tained another that had PLEASURE wrote
on the out-lide, and VICE within, and
was filled with Dung.


THE laft Packet, had LIBERTY wrote
upon it, with the Picture of a War-
Horfe bounding over a Wall, while
his Rider grovelled at fome Diftance be-
hind him, with the Saddle, Bridle,
and other Furniture lying in Confufion
round him. On the Inlide appeared the
Figure of an Hydra, whofe hundred
Heads, . armed with Fire and Stings,
waged furious War with each other,
and in the void Spaces among the Heads
It contained only a Medley of fmall
Books, and warlike Weapons, cut in
Wood, that looked like an Arfenal
and a Library huddled together. It
was obferved, that on one of the
Books, thefe Words were carved, DARK-
NESS TO BE FELT. Such were the Con-
tents of the Packets. The reft of the
Lanthorn was filled with Daggers, Poi-
fons, Pick-locks, Rope-ladders, and
all the various Inftruments, with which
Night Enterprizes, and dark Defigns
are wont to be carried on. By the


( '58 )

Anatomy of this Lanthorn, as it was
called, it appeared what Kind of Peo-
ple the Augenei were, and an Edict
was forthwith publifhed by the Pyran-
drians, forbiding all Manner of Com-
merce of Converfation with them, un-
der this Penalty, That whofoever mould
trangrefs the Edict, fhould have his
Lamp forthwith quenched, and be for
ver expelled the Luminous AfTembly,


The Eleventh.

AMONG the Numbers of weal-
thy Romans who in the Julian
and Augujlan Ages retired to the ftatcly
Villa's they had built in Campania for
their Pleafure, there was one, who be-
taking himfelf to a Philofophical Life,
exchanged all he was worth at Rome


( 159)

for a moderate Parcel of Ground not
far from Baia. The Improvements
he made on this Spot, which was one
of the moft fertile in the World, were
rather defigned for Ufe than Ornament,
and had fome Refemblance to thofe he
made in his Mind, which were alto-
gether in order to Virtue. He believed
that human Happinefs was to be ob-
tained by keeping both the Mind and
Body clofe to Nature and Reafon, and
that we make ourfelves miferable in
Proportion to the fuperfluous Nicety of
Houfes, Tables and Drefs, with which
we treat our Bodies, and the curious
Refinements in Knowledge, to which
the more learned accuftom their Minds.
He was an Enemy to Luxury of all
Kinds, as well that which confifts in
fuperfluous Learning, as unnecefiary
Riches. It was for this Reafon that he
laid it down to himfelf as a Law never
to be difpenfed with, that he and his
Family fliould by their Induftry in the
Summer provide only what was necef-


fary during the enfuing Year, with
fome little Overplus in Cafe of Acci-
dents or Difappointments in the next
fucceeding Crop. By this Means being
kept always bufy, he avoided all the
Mifchiefs that are incident to an idle
Life, together with the Perplexities
and Errors that naturally arife from
Study and Speculation. This Method,
however fingular it may feem, gave
him Health and Contentment, and
thofe a long Life. But finding at laft
that he muft yield to the common Lot
of all Men, he called his two Sons
Syngenes and T'ycherus to him, and fpoke
to them in the following Manner.

My Sons, hear the laft Commands of
your dying Father, and remember them
as an hereditary Secret, from whence
you may draw Health of Body, Peace
of Mind, and Length of Days, as I
have done. As I perceive all Things
in this great Body of the Roman Em-
pire degenerating apace, and tending
headlong to that State of Luxury and


Corruption that never fails to ruin the
Happinefs of Individuals, as well as
the Strength of Common- wealths, fo
I have lived myfelf, and out of my
tender Regard to my dear Children,
would have you live by other Maxims
than thofe of your contemporary Ro-
mans. I have left my Eftate fo equally
divided between you, that one will
have no Reafon to envy the other, ei-
ther for the greater Quantity or Ferti-
lity of his Portion. Each with proper
Induftry will have enough to fupport a
numerous Family in Plenty. Beware
therefore of ever endeavouring to en-
large your Patrimonies, for that may
be attended with Injuftice and Violence,,
and it would be Folly to expofe your-
felves to Temptations, lince I have left
you a Competency. I have designedly
made you Polleffors only of what is
fufficient, altho' I might have amafTed
a much ampler Fortune, that your
Suftenance may depend upon Induftry r
the Mother of Virtue and Happinefs.
P Since

Since you have only enough, take Care
therefore to k^ep it entire. With my
Will I leave you a written Summary
of my Oeconomy, in which you will
find the beft Rules that can pofilbly be
kid down for the Cultivation of this
particular Piece of Ground. If you
bferve them carefully, you {hall a-
kound, and be happy ; if you neglect
them, you fliall be poor and miferable.
Remember what a long and happy Life
they have given me ; and obferve how
wretched and fhort lived the reft of Man-
kind are generally rendered, by following
Maxims of a contrary Nature.

SOON after the deceafe of their Fa-
ther, Syngenes and 'Tycberus took Pof-
feffion of their feveral Eftates. While
lycberus, full of his Father's Example,
and directed by his Rules of Agricul-
ture, gave the necefTary Application to
the Provifion of Food for his Family j
he obferved that his Brother Syngenes
fuffered his Land to lye wholly untilled.
Their Conduct was as different, as if


they had not been educated in the fame
Family, or, as if their Father had
brought them up in, and bequeathed
to them at his Death, the Obfervation
of quite contrary Maxims. Tycherus
was always employed either in repair-
ing his Houfe, or cultivating his
Grounds ; and was never feen abroad
in the Fields, without an Hatchet, a
Rake, a Scickle, or fome other Inftru-
ment of Huibandry j whereas, Synge-
nes feldom ftirred Abroad -, and when
he did, was obferved to faunter about
with his Arms ftuck idly in his Bofom,
or with a crooked Stick in his Hand,
gathering the wild Fruit that this
Hedge or that Coppice afforded. They
happened to meet one Day, and Tyche-
rus afked his Brother, why he did not
plough his Ground, nor repair his Fen-
ces, as his Father had done before him ?
putting him in Mind that the Seafon
was pretty far advanced, and that
Seed Time would foon be over; and, I
care not, faid Syngenes> if Harvefl were
P 2 at

at hand, I fhould then gather in my

TTCHERUS. I am afraid you will
find it a very fcanty one, unlefs you
plow and fow for it.

STNGENES. It is Prejudice of
Education that makes you think fo.

frCHERUS. And pray what is it
makes you think that you can pofTibly
reap without fowing ? I am fure our
Father, who was the beft Farmer in
the Neighbourhood, did not think as
you do.

SrNGENES. But I am no more
tied down to his Way of Thinking,
now that I am at Liberty to act for my-
felf, than fye was to that of his Father,
who fpent his Life under Arms.

TTCHERUS. I don't fay you are,
any farther than his Maxims and Ex-
ample appear expedient and beneficial
to yourfelf. But I imagine you will
find his Way of cultivating and fowing
his Grounds, as neceflary as Eating and
Drinking, and wearing of Cloaths.


( 165 )

STNGENES. Perhaps not. 1
think fome of my Father's Principles
very right, and others as wrong } and of
thofe again that are right, fome may
do very well for one Man's Purpofe-,
that would ruin another. This firil
Maxim indeed, that we mould follow
Nature and Reafon in order to be happy,
I greatly approve of ; as for the reft, they
feem to be either foreign or falfe.

TTCHERUS. Falfe! Pray give an

STNGENES. Why, can any
Thing be more abfurd than to fuppofCj
as he he did, that Labour is neceflary to
Happinefs, and Pains-taking to the En-
joyment of Pleafure ; by which he
makes a Drudge and a Slave of Man,
who is the Lord of the Creation. Our
Vaffals, the inferior Animals, who
keep nearer to Nature, are to live at
Large truly, and to be fed and cloathed
without Care or Trouble, while their
Sovereign muft moil and muddle in the
Earth, and ftooping down from his


( 166 )

and regal Pofture, pay the Sweat
of his majefterial Brow for every Mor-
fel he is to put into his Mouth. How
confiils this with the Harmony and
good Order of Things ?
' frCHERUS. Ay, I was afraid
it would come to this. Brother! Bro-
ther ! you do very ill to read thofe
Books of vain Philofophy that fill your
Head with thefe Whims. Our wife
Father ufed to obferve to us, that there
is as great Madnefs in the Refinements
of Philofophy, as Folly in the Ways
and Fafliions of the World, and that
they are alike far from Nature and Rea-
fon. He was wont to tell us, that
with refpedt to the Ends and Purpofes
of Life, he that is commonly fly led a
very learned Man, is the greateft Fool
in the World. This we (hall fee veri-
fied in you, before the Year's End;
and notwithftanding you are fo great
a Lord, and fuch a profound Man, you
and your Family will be in want of
NecefTaries, while J, who can fcarce


keep my own Accounts, have "a fair:
Profpect of liyj-tig warm and in Plenty. -
Our Father owed his Happinefs and
length of Life, to his being a plain
downright Man ; if you followed his
Example, you would prefer moderate
Labour, tho' it were not necefTary, to
the Support of your Family, merely
becaufe it is wholefome to the Body, and
amufing to the Mind.

STNGENES. Brother, if you-;
had Learningj you would never con-
found Toil and Pleafure together, nor
talk fo weakly as you do, about the
Wholefomenefs of {training and har-
raffing your Body, and the Amufements
of working. If Reft is both wholefome
and pleafant, how can its oppolite,
Toil, be fo too ? But, it is in vain to
argue with one, who knows not the.
firft Rules of Difputation.

TrCHERUS. I know no Oc-
cafion for difputing, and therefore I do
not trouble my Head, either about the
fir ft or fecond Rules of it , but this I


( 168)

know by Obfervations made on others,
that all your idle Folks are the mofl
fplenetick and uneafy Wretches in the
World, while thofe who take Pains,
and are bufy, appear to be chearful and
healthful. I find by myfelf too, that
I have great Pleafure, in the Work of
my own Hands; and that I am not eafy
when I have nothing to do ; nay, I
perceive that, unlefs I fatigue myfelf
a little, I can have no Pleafure in Reft>
that Condition in which you place your
Happinefs. I mould think, as all Men
partake of the fame Nature, that you
muft perceive the fame Thing in your-
felf : But, perhaps it may be otherwife.
I am unlearned, and cannot difpute.
All my Knowledge, dear Brother, con~
fifts in a little Experience and Common

SrNGENES. Yes, both the
Kind and Degree of your Senfe is very
common, your Amufements are thofe
of the Vulgar, which, I fancy, neither
j nor the reft of them would care


( 169 )

to divert yourfelves withal, if you
thought you could help it.

TTCHERUS. It is no Matter
whether we would or not; but, believe
me, the folid and rational Entertain-
ment, or Engagement, they give my
Thoughts, is what I could never find
in the little idle Games, with which
polite People commonly amufe them-
felves. The latter feem to be fit only
for Children, and indeed your fine Folks,
at leaft in this Part of the World, feem
to be as little in earneft about this Life;
while the Entertainments of me and
my Neighbouring Farmers are ferious
and manly. We fupport and enjoy
Life at once, while thofe, who call
themfelves our Betters, feem only to
adt a Part, and pleafe themfelves with a
very chiidim Refprefentation of Reality,
that is found by none, but fuch as are
induftrious about Things neceflary. Is
it not very abfurd, Brother, to fhun
the true Bufmefs of Life out of Sloth,


and then feek for forced invented Bufi-
nefs, for want of fomething to do?

S TN GENES. Yes, but it is not
at all abfurd, to fpare unneceflary Pains,
and fuch are the Labours of Mankind,
which are fo much the more ridiculous
than their mere Diverfions, as they are
more ferious.

rrCHERUS. How! are all the
Labours of Mankind, abfurd and ridi-
culous ? Not excepting even thofe that
are necefiary for our Support ?

STNGENES. Ay, but there are
none fuch. They are all Inventions of
our own, to plague ourfelves, who
live as it were in a miferable World of
our own contriving, and fubjeft to in-
numerable Wants of our own making,
for which we muft alfo make artificial
Supplies. Our natural Wants are few,
and thofe Nature it felf, without any
other Help, can fufficiently provide for.

-TrCHERUS. For Inftance now,
mould you neglect to plow and fow
thofe Fields before us, would you ex-

peel: to have the Neceflaries of Life,
fpring fpontaneoufly out of them ?


rrCHERUS. What, Corn, Wine,
and Oil ?

STNGENES. Yes, why not?
Do you imagine thofe are lefs natural
to the Earth than Grafs and Weeds,
and a thoufand other Things, not fo
ufeful, that grow unbid ? Nay, that
are produced in greateft Abundance,
where the Ground is lefs difturbed, or a
in your Way of fpeaking, manured ?

TTCHERUS. I do not know;
this Doctrine is new to me, and I am
lure, it is very different, not only from
the Practice of our Father j but from
that of Mankind in general.

STNGENES. Why fo it is ; and
what then ?

rrCHERUS. Nothing, only I
thought, that in Cafes of this Kind,
the Experience of the oldeft Hufband-
men, and indeed of all Men, might


afford fome Foundation for an Argu-

S TNG E NE S. This is an Expe-
rience that the World buys very dear.

rrCHERUS. I do not; for
my Father gave it to me for nothing,
and I needed only to open my Eye-
lids, and confirm it to myfelf by con-
tinual Obfervations.

STNGENES. You had a little
more Trouble with it, than barely
lifting up your Eye-lid. It has coft
you all thofe Labours, that raife you fo
foon in the Morning, and keep you fo
late up at Night; and, believe me, that
is no fmall Purchafe. Had you known
that our bountiful Mother Earth, be-
llows all Things, needful for our Sup-
port, without afking or prefTmg, I be-
lieve you would have fpared the con-
tinual and earneft Solicitation of the
Plough and Harrow.

ITCHERUS. Yes, that I fhould,
and have found fomething elfe to em-
ploy me. But I would gladly know,


( '73 )

what Arguments you can have for an
Opinion fo fingular and furprizing ?

STNGENES. The Argu ments
are very good, but I won't fay, they
will convince you. That Tree is a
very large and plain one, and yet I do
not think a blind Man could fee it at

TTCHERUS. Well, but I will
rub away the Prejudices from my Rea-
fon, as well as I can, and try to appre-
hend you.

STNGENES. Tell me then,
do you think the Works of Nature,
difcover a perfect Wifdom in their Con T
trivance ?


S TNG E NE S. And that in them
there is unftinted Goodnefs (hewn to
us, by their Author ?


STNGENES. Since then the

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