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over a century ago, and the " Bull Stoop Hill,"
where bulls were baited and the village sports held in
former days. The church is possibly of Saxon foun-
dation, and contains specimens of Norman, Early
English, Decorated, and Perpendicular work. It
was carefully restored in 1870. For six centuries the
Calverleys were the central figures of the place, and
Mr. Margerison gave a considerable amount of detail
concerning them. One William Calverley rebuilt the
church, and a descendant of his, another William,
suffered some persecution during Elizabeth's reign for
his zealous Romanism. A short account was given of
the "Yorkshire Tragedy," and the pathetic and
heroic death of the murderer, who, having regained
his reason, refused to plead in order to save the estates
for his family, arid so suffered death by the cruel
pdne forte et dure, described by Mr. J. L. Andre in
our pages last December. His son Henry suffered
considerably for " delinquency" during the Common-

At the close an interesting conversation took place
on the subject of Mr. Margerison's paper.


The annual meeting of the Essex Arch.*ological
Society was held at Colchester Castle, on March 22.
The report read by the Secretary (Mr. G. F. Beau-
mont, F.S.A.) showed that the number of subscribing
members last year was 250, and of hon. members ten,
against an average of about 200 in past years. The
amount received for subscriptions, etc., during the
year, including collection of arrears, had been
132 1 6s. 6d., against an average of about ^80 in
the past years, and the year closed with a balance
in hand of ,68 7s. 5^d., against a balance last year
of .44 13s. io^d. Regret was expressed at the loss
through death of the late Bishop of Colchester (Dr.
Blomfield) and Col. Lucas. It is proposed that the
annual excursion shall be in the north-west corner of
the county, with Saffron Walden as the centre, and
quarterly excursions at Mersea and Billericay.

The re-election of the president, council, and
officers of the society was carried unanimously.
Several new members were elected. Mr. I. C. Gould
read a paper entitled " Where was Camulodunum ?"
in which he argued that the claims of Colchester were
far superior to those of Chesterford. Mr. Beaumont
argued that the evidence was not sufficient to establish
the claims of Colchester. A long discussion on the
subject ensued.

+ +$ $

At a meeting of the British Archaeological
Association on April 3, a very interesting paper
was read by C. P. Loftus Brock, Esq., F.S.A., on
"The Excavation of a Roman Villa in the Wadfield,
near Sudeley Castle, Gloucestershire," which he has
recently been superintending on behalf of Mrs. Dent,
of Sudeley Castle, to whose liberality archaeologists
are greatly indebted for important discoveries in this
neighbourhood, notably the well-known and more
extensive Roman villa in Sprouley Wood, also on the
Castle estate, and somewhat less than two mile-
distant. The surrounding district, Winchcombe being
the nearest town, is far away from any known Roman
station, and is apparently an unlikely spot in which
to find Roman remains. These discoveries, therefore,
are of great interest and value. The ground-plan of
the villa has been entirely uncovered, and exhibits a
perfect Roman villa, covering an area of about 140 feet
by 110 feet, forming a centre and two wings, en-
closing a courtyard about 34 feet wide. The plan
presents considerable resemblance to the more ex-
tensive villa in Sprouley Wood. The site selected
by the builders is an unusual one, being about half-
way up the steep slope of a hill some 400 feet high,
having an incline of about I foot in 5 feet. The
apartments are set out with great regularity, and at
right angles ; but the walls vary considerably in thick-
ness. The material is the coarse oolite stone of the
locality, and the mortar is made of poor chalk lime.
The walls have been plastered internally, and remains
of coloured decoration were met with, some being
exceedingly bright, particularly the Pompeian red.
Some traces of a moulded stone plinth, and a capital
and parts of a cornice, were discovered ; also some
pottery, buff and black, and a few fragments of
Samian ware. A coin of Arcadius and a brass coin
of considerably earlier date, with some others of less
interest, were amongst the " finds," and are now
preserved at Sudeley Castle. Mrs. Dent has had the



more important parts of the villa protected from the
elements, but the rest has been covered in. Some
portions of a pavement of red tesserae were found,
and a hypocaust with several pyl.v of brick in situ.
The paper was clearly illustrated by a very carefully-
drawn plan, and a plan of the Sprouley Villa was
exhibited for comparison.

Upon the motion of the chairman the meeting
cordially acknowledged that the thanks of all archce-
ologists were due to Mrs. Dent, of Sudelcy Castle,
for her liberality and public spirit, and for the services
she had thereby rendered to archaeology.
<; *g

We are glad to hear, in connection with a flourishing
school like Denstone College, that there is attached
to it a Natural History and Archaeological
Society, and that during last session a considerable
number of scientific papers were read, two of which
were of an archaeological nature. These, moreover,
proved to be of quite unusual interest. The paper of
Mr. P. Simpson, M.A., on " Pompeii," showed
exceptional intimacy with a difficult subject. By
means of lantern slides, many of the most beautiful
of which were the home-work of Mr. A. A. Arm-
strong, M.A., a full and complete description was
given, with extraordinary lucidity, of the history and
present state of the ruins of Pompeii, and of the
manners and customs which they so vividly illustrate.
Every public building of importance was illustrated
and described, as well as many of the mosaics and
mural paintings. The educational value of the lecture
was undoubtedly as great as its interest, which is
saying much, but, we believe, not too much. Another
paper of much value was that of Mr. R. A. Bulkeley.
Its subject was " Local Men of Letters," and when it
is remembered that the district round Denstone has
associations with the founders of Brasenose College,
the Sheldonian Theatre, and the Ashmolean Museum,
with all the Fitzherberts, with poets like Bamfield,
Izaak Walton, Cotton, Congreve, Tom Moore, Mary
Howitt, and Father Faber, with historians like
Erdeswicke and Freeman, with prose writers like
Addison, Johnson, and George Eliot, and with
numerous other less important but not uninteresting
literary characters, it is evident there was ample
material for a good paper. Mr. Bulkeley arranged
his material with skill and care, and the result was
eminently satisfactory.

* 4H$

At the recent annual meeting of the Worcester-
shire Historical Society the council presented
the following report of their proceedings for 1894:
" The number of members on the printed list for
1893, including those mentioned in the list of addi-
tional members for that year, was 282. Of these the
society lost by death two, and by resignations, or
removal of names through failure to pay subscriptions,
nineteen, leaving a membership of 261. On the other
hand twenty new members have joined, making the
membership for 1894 amount to 281. The printed
list for 1894 includes the names of four members who
have died since the commencement of that year, and
of two members who have resigned as from the end
of 1894. On the other hand, four new members have
joined since the printed list was issued, leaving the

present membership at 279. A balance-sheet for 1894
accompanies this report, and shows that the society's
financial position continues to be so satisfactory that
the council have ordered that a sum of ^105 be
added to the deposit account. During 1894 the first
part of Mr. John Amphlett's index to Nash was dis-
tributed to the members, and the council believe that
it has been much appreciated. The council regret
that the publications for 1894 were not received by
the hon. secretaries until so late in that year as to
make it impossible to distribute the whole of them
during 1894 ; but these publications have now been
sent to every member who has paid his subscription
for the year in question. The unfortunate delay in
the issue of the publications for 1894 caused the
balance of the outstanding subscriptions for that year
to be unusually large, the treasurer finding it inadvis-
able to press for payment of subscriptions until the
publications were ready for distribution. A list of
the prospective publications for 1895 accompanied the
rules, list of members, etc., and the hon. editor re-
ports that Part III. of Habington's survey is nearly
all in type, and that a portion of the MS. of Part
III. of the Sede Vacante Register is in the hands of
the printers ; and that he is now dealing with the
question of publishing some select Worcestershire

In moving the adoption of the report and balance-
sheet, the chairman remarked that he did not like to
say very much as regarded the publications, as he had
had a good deal to do with them himself, but he
hoped they had kept up the interest of last year. He
felt that the part of the Sede Vacante Register
which had been published was very interesting,
because he attached very great importance to the
letter of Edward II. He believed that letter had
never been published before ; at least, he could not
find any trace of it, and he had looked in different
books for it. He thought it was a very important
historical document, as showing exactly the position
which the English kings took up with regard to the
"question of Church and State, showing that while
they did not object to having ecclesiastical matters
settled in this country by the Pope, they did object
to having a bishop sent by the Pope who might
be a traitor and not speak the language. He thought
that letter put very clearly and concisely a statement
of the differences between England and Rome on
that ground. As to the Habington survey, it was a
book of great interest to anyone connected with the
county, and was all-important with regard to the
history of the county, because it gave them a personal
inspection of the churches at the time, which they
could not get in any other way. As regarded the
abstracts of Itujnisitiones Post-mortem, they were the
most important thing the society had yet published
with regard to the county history, because they showed
how different families came into existence in the
county, what lands they held, and how they gradually
died out. He hoped they would resume the publica-
tion of those documents at a future date until the
whole were published, because he felt sure no real
history of the county could be written until the whole
series of the Inquisitiones Post-mortem were published.
When they were published they would form the most
important historical document that the society had.



He was glad the number of members kept up, and
that their finances were also so satisfactory that they
were able to carry .105 to the deposit account.
Mr. Amphlett's index to Nash was a most useful
publication. He hoped in the coming- year they
would have as interesting publications as before. As
regarded the Sede Vacante Register, there were some
very interesting matters relating to orders in the
diocese of Worcester, which raised a question which
was discussed by Sir Thomas Hardy in one of the
registers of the diocese of Durham, and which he
thought they would agree with him was a very im-
portant question in connection with Church history.
The matter was a very obscure one, on which he
hoped that publication would throw some light. It
was for the members and the public to say what
they thought of the work put forward.

Mr. R. Berkeley, in seconding the motion for the
adoption of the report, remarked that he was sure
the utility of the society's publications would be
recognised on all hands. It was decided not to fill
up at present the post of vice-president, which had
become vacant by the deeply regretted death of Sir
Edmund Lechmere.

*$ + <*g

The annual meeting of the Cork Historical and
Archaeological Society was held at the end of
February, Mr. Robert Day, F.S.A., the president
of the society, being in the chair. There was a good
attendance of the members of the society. The
president exhibited some recent finds of Irish anti-
quities in gold and bronze ; the flags of the Royal
Cork Volunteers, with badges and medals of 1740,
and the guidon of Cork Cavalry. Mr. Creaghe ex-
hibited a beautiful ivory brooch miniature of Sir
Francis Gould, Bart., of Old Court, county Cork, a
captain in the Loyal Cork Legion of Yeomanry, 1797.
The miniature, which was by Buck, the renowned
Cork miniature artist, was much admired. The
president, in his address, congratulated the members
on the successful progress of the society, only as yet
in the fourth year of its existence. Mr. Day went
on to observe that although the funds at the disposal
of the society were only limited in amount, yet that
the society was out of debt, and that with punctual
payments by the members the society will be able to
continue the issue of the journal as a monthly, and
maintain the number of its illustrations. With this
year a new series will be begun. The edition of
Smith's History of the County and City of York, with
notes from the manuscripts by Dr. Caulfield and
Thomas Crofton Croker, for which the society is
under a deep obligation to Mr. W. Coppinger, F.S. A.,
president of the Bibliographical Society, has been
completed, and when the index is finished can be
bound as a complete volume, the pagination being
continuous in itself and altogether distinct from that
of the journal. If the society had done nothing else
it would, by this service to county history, have
fulfilled a great part of its mission. "But," Mr.
Day proceeded to say, " it has done much more. It
has been a stirrer-up of others to perform similar
good work, and we have now not merely a society
with similar aims and objects in Waterford, but
another that stretches its arms outside and around
the city of Belfast and the county Antiim, and

embraces the province of Ulster, treading in the
footsteps of Robert M'Adam and those who worked
with him thirty-five years ago when he edited the
Ulster Journal of Archeology. I could tell you of
many instances since the formation of our society of
antiquities in bronze and stone that have been pre-
served and purchased by me from the finders, and
how the publication of our transactions has been
the means of securing many objects of interest from
destruction and loss. Some that have been found
during the past year I have brought here for your
inspection, and will refer to later on. The publica-
tion of the journal has done more in interesting so
many of our valued members and co-workers. Among
these are Mr. Tenisori, of Hobart, Tasmania ; he
has sent us month after month notices of the private
bankers in the provinces of Munster and Leinster,
and he is now engaged upon the genealogical records
of the long line of members of Parliament who
represented the cities, counties, and boroughs of
Munster before and after the Union. The January
number of the journal contains the first of this series,
and is a pleasant foretaste of the good things to follow,
which we can look forward to with pleasure and
profit from so cultivated and well matured a source.
We have again to thank the Rev. John Lyons, P.P.,
for his learned and instructive series of papers upon
the Irish local names in our city and county. Many
of these could not have been correctly translated
except by an Irish scholar of equal attainments, who
being upon the spot would be able from having heard
the pronunciation of the word to give its accurate
and correct meaning. These papers of his were one
of the charms of the journal, and to any Irish scholar
were in the highest degree fascinating and instructive.
I have the pleasure of exhibiting on his behalf a most
primitive wooden lay or spade. Any of you who
were present at the annual meeting twelve months
ago will miss this evening the voice and presence of
Professor William Ridgeway, who, alas ! for his
fellow-members of this society in Cork, has from the
Queen's College here been appointed to the im-
portant chair of archaeology in the University of
Cambridge. We can ill afford to lose from our
little band of workers in the field of old-time work
in Cork one who, while so eminent in some of the
most abstruse subjects connected with this science,
was yet willing to impart the information that he
had acquired to others. His recent work on the
Origin of Metallic Currency and Weight Standard
will be eagerly read by all who take an interest in a
subject upon which he has thrown new light, und
in which he demonstrates that the gold ring money
of Ireland was made to a definite standard and a
given scale, as were also the large gold fibulae, which
were used both as ornaments and mediums of ex-
change. A reference to our pages will show how
much our thanks are due to Mr. Herbert Webb
Gillman, the Rev. J. A. Dwyer, the Rev. Canon
Courtenay Moore, Mr. Coleman, and many other
contributors too numerous to mention, who at home
and from a distance evinced by their writings a
practical interest in the society. Permit me also to
say how deep an obligation we have ever been under
to Mr. J. G. Moore, who has given so much of his
time, energy, and ability to the editorial department

1 5 6


of the work, and has ever been courteous, willing,
and obliging in carrying out the wishes of the Council,
of which he is so long a member. To him our thanks
are eminently due, as they also are to our publishers,
Messrs. Guy and Co., Limited, who in the printing and
paper of the journal, and its freedom from typo-
graphical errors, have maintained the credit of their
old established and well-known firm. Looking
forward to the continuance of the current year, I
have great pleasure in announcing that Mrs. Towns-
hend, of Oxford, in whose family the original Council
book of the Corporation of Clonakilty is preserved,
has kindly promised to copy and edit it for the journal.
Dr. Caulheld did good and, at the time, unique work
in publishing the Council books of Cork, Youghal,
and Kinsale. We shall now be enabled to add the
old seaport town of Clonakilty. This will be of
extreme interest, value, and importance, and doubly
so because, if by accident the original were lost or
destroyed, its contents will be preserved, and will
form a most interesting record of the municipal
history of another of the towns in the county Cork,
and it will be all the more valued as its publication
will be linked with the name of the lady who has so
graciously promised to transcribe it for our trans-
actions. While the past year has added many names
to our members' roll, it his in the inevitable course
of time removed others by death, and among them
a member of our council, who from its inception
took the most lively interest in our society. I allude
to the late Mr. Joseph Bennett, of Clair's Castle. I
have also to regret the loss we shall sustain in the
retirement of our secretary, Mr. John Paul Dalton,
who has filled this honorary office so long and so
well. I am, however, glad to say that he will remain
with us, and that we shall have the advantage of his
continued counsel and support. Permit me to say in
conclusion that this society relies for its continued
usefulness mainly upon our county members, who,
residing here and there upon its broad and extended
surface, have each in their own immediate circle objects
of antiquarian interest that are possibly unknown in
our city, and that are waiting to be brought to light
and intelligently described. If, in addition to being
members of this society, our friends would become
co-workers with us, it would not merely add to the
interest of our proceedings, but it would also make
our transactions more than ever an archaeological
history of our great county." The report of the
council was adopted on the proposal of the Rev.
J. A. Dwyer, seconded by Mr. W. H. Hill. A paper
was then read by Canon Courtenay Moore on the
"Advantages of Archaeological Studies." Mr. 11.
W. Gillman, in proposing a vote of thanks to the
president, suggested that the society should approach
the Government, and urge the desirability of com-
pleting the Calendars of Irish State Papers, in which
a wide gap from 1307-1520 still remains. It was
unanimously decided to act on Mr. Gillman's sugges-

Eetrietos; ano Notices
of Jfteto IBoofes.

[Publishers are requested to be so good as always to
mark clearly the prices of books sent for review, as
these notices are intended to be a practical aid to
book-buying readers. ]

Dated Book Plates (Ex-Libris), with a Trea-
tise on their Origin and Development.
By Walter Hamilton. Part II. (1700-1799).
4to., pp. 86-116. Price 7s. 6d.
This, which is the second of three parts of a work
enumerating all the known examples of dated book-
plates, will be cordially welcomed by those who take
a serious interest in the subject. A few years ago
Sir A. W. Franks printed, for private circulation,
a tentative catalogue of dated book-plates. Mr.
Hamilton, with the help of friends, and corre-
spondents, and members of the Ex-Libris Society, (of
which he is the chairman), has succeeded in largely

Jkm r Sculp !BatK 1744

augmenting Sir A. W. Franks's list. Part II. of Mr.
Hamilton's work, now before us, embraces the whole
of last century, which was the most important period
of all, in regard to the number and excellence of the
book-plates produced. Besides the catalogue of the
book-plates with dates on them from 1700-1799, the
author has prefixed an introduction, comprising rather
more than twenty pages, in which the book-plates
of last century, their engravers, styles, and inscrip-
tions, are dealt with, and a few notes on French and
American book-plates are given as well. Of the en-
gravers of book-plates little is known, but one of them



mentioned by Mr. Hamilton Matthew Skinner, of
Exeter was, we are able to add, a well-known gold-
smith of that city, and Assay Master there in I773>
when a Parliamentary inquiry was held as to the
method of conducting the goldsmiths' halls in the
provinces. It is a well-ascertained fact that gold-
smiths were often employed to engrave monumental
brasses, and that they should also be in request for
book-plate engraving also is only natural. Indeed,
it is a well-established fact that many of the en-
gravers of book-plates were goldsmiths, and it may
be added, that the shields and mantlings on book-
plates, exactly correspond in character, at different
dates, with those engraved on gold and silver vessels.
We are enabled by Mr. Hamilton's kindness to re-
produce a facsimile of a graceful " Chippendale "
book-plate engraved in 1744 by a namesake, and
possible relative of the Exeter Assay Master, J.
Skinner, of Bath. Another graceful example, which
is thoroughly representative of the best type of a
"Chippendale" book-plate that of " Robt. Claver-

'A v

ing. Esq., 1748 " we are also enabled to give, thanks
to the kindness of the author.

Mr. Hamilton does not revere the memory of the
Hanoverian sovereigns, and would have preferred the
Stuarts. It is amusing to find this predilection for the
Stuarts leading him to abuse George I. for a really
noble gift of books to the University Library at Cam-
bridge, and not only so, but condemning as well J.
Pine s bold, allegorical " Munificentia Regia " book-

plate of 1 7 15, which was used for the folios, and other
large volumes of the royal gift

On p. 93 the author alludes to a spurious book-
plate of Bishop Carr of Killaloe, and he states that
he has been informed that it is taken from the frontis-
piece to Dwyer's History of the Diocese of Killaloe.
This may be the case, but Canon Dwyer either copied
the device, or else got hold of the original plate
which was first used by Harris in his edition of
Sir James Ware's works, published in Dublin in 1733.
In that volume several similar plates are given of the
seals of other Irish bishops, and of some of the
capitular bodies as well. The plates are gracefully
designed, and if cut up into separate sections, might
in many case, be passed off as book-plates. It would

Online LibraryPhoebe PalmerThe Antiquary (Volume 31) → online text (page 27 of 67)