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an infant son of the house at which it was
thus discovered, and had been deeply en-
graved around the bowl with a record of its
presentation in this manner a year or two

The chalice itself is a very interesting
specimen of the goldsmith's art, being of the
same beautiful Gothic design as the already
known chalices at Nettlecombe, Combe
Keynes, and other places. It very closely

resembles the Combe Keynes cup, and it
increases the number known of this class to
twenty -two; or, if we allow of the sub-
division of the Gothic class, which the
present writer has called Type B in Old
English Plate, into vessels " with toes," and
vessels "without toes," at the angles of the
six-sided foot, which is one of their chief
characteristic features, the present chalice is
one of the fifteen specimens remaining.

It is 6f inches high, and the bowl is
4 inches in diameter, the diameter of the
foot across the points being exactly the same


J 5

as that of the bowl. It weighs n oz.
14 dwts. (Troy).

Lastly, it must be mentioned that it has
lost all the ornamental points or toes that
formerly adorned its foot. These were
probably in the form of an ornamental
Lombardic letter CQ, but nothing now re-
mains of them but small projections or
knobs, one on either side of each of the six
angles of the foot. Probably it had lost one
or some of them, and it may have seemed an
easier way of restoring the symmetrical
appearance of the foot to cut off the rest,
than to restore the missing ones. This
seems to have been the case with one or
two of the earlier chalices of Type B, and to
have made it doubtful whether it is really
necessary or advisable to subdivide the
Gothic class of pre- Reformat ion chalice, to
which the present, which we must call the
" Rodney " chalice, for the sake of dis-
tinction, adds such an interesting specimen.

^t. utman'^iivtbe^ast,


QkJjEADERS of the Antiquary will have
observed with satisfaction that the
threatened demolition of St. Dun-
stan's Church has been averted.
Whatever ecclesiastical union of parishes may
be found desirable, it is very earnestly to be
hoped that no more of the London City
churches will be pulled down. St. Dunstan's-
in-the-East (which must not be confused with
St Dunstan's-in-the-West, in Fleet Street) is
in many ways a remarkable structure. The
original building was injured in the Great
Fire of 1666, and was restored from the
designs of Sir Christopher Wren. In this
instance, however (and therein lies much of
the interest of the building), he departed
from his usual plan, and mainly followed a
mediaeval style of architecture. In designing
the spire, he took for his model the unique,
and beautiful, crowned tower of the church
of St Nicholas, at Newcastle-on-Tyne. The

body of the church built by Sir Christopher
Wren was pronounced to be in an insecure
state at the beginning of the present century.
When it was rebuilt, it was designed in a
kind of revived Perpendicular style of archi
tecture, and is an interesting example of
early nineteenth-century church architecture.
Of the building destroyed in the Great Fire
we know but little, and that little is chiefly
what Stow tells us in his Survey. It is
known that the mediaeval building had a tall
spire, but this had disappeared at the time of
the Fire. We also learn from the church-
wardens' reply to the fourth Article addressed
to them, and printed below, a curious piece
of architectural history connected with the
old church. The inventory also tells a little
more, and we gather from it that, before the
Reformation, the church contained five altars,
viz., the high altar, the Jesus altar, the altar
of our Lady, and two other "small aulters."
For the rest we have to turn to Stow. He
says concerning the old building as follows :

" In Tower street, between Hart lane and
Church lane, was a quadrant called Galley
row, because galley men dwelt there. Then
have ye two lanes out of Tower street, both
called Church lanes, because one runneth
down by the east end of S 1 Dunstan's church,
and the other by the west end of the same ;
out of the west lane turneth another lane
west towards S' Marie hill, and is called
Fowle lane, which is for the most part in
Tower street ward.

"This church of S l Dunstone is called, in
the east, for difference from one other of the
same name in the west ; it is a fair and large
church of an ancient building, and within a
large churchyard j it hath a great parish of
many rich merchants, and other occupiers of
divers trades, namely salters and ironmongers.

"The monuments in that church be these :
In the choir, John Kenington, parson,
there buried 1374; William Islip, parson,
1382 ; John Kryoll, esq., brother to Thomas
Kryoll, 1400 ; Nicholas Bond, Thomas
Barry, merchant, 1445 ; Robert Shelly, esq.,
1420; Robert Pepper, grocer, 1445; John
Norwich, grocer, 1300; Alice Brome, wife
to John Coventry, sometime mayor of
London, 1433 ; William Isaack, draper,
alderman, 1508; Edward Skales, merchant,
152 1 ; John Ricroft, esq., sergeant of the



larder to Henry VII. and Henry VIII.,
1532; Edwaters, esq., Sergeant - at - arms,
1558; Sir Bartholomew James, draper,
mayor 1479, buried under a fair monument
with his lady ; Ralfe Greenway, grocer,
alderman, put under the stone of Robert
Pepper, 1559 ; Thomas Bledlow, one of the
sheriffs, 1472 ; James Bacon, fishmonger,

personages besides, whose monuments are
altogether defaced."*

At the Public Record Office is preserved
(Church Goods. Exchequer Q. R. 4 S ) the
following inventory of the church stuff be-
longing to the parish in the fourth year of the
reign of Edward VI. It is a parchment-book,
entitled, on the outside,


sheriff, 1573; Sir Richard Champion, draper,
mayor, 1568; Henry Herdson, skinner,
alderman, 1555 ; Sir James Garnardo,
knight; William Hariot, draper, mayor 1481,
buried in a fair chapel by him built 151 7;
John Tate, son to Sir John Tate, in the
same chapel in the north wall ; Sir Chris-
topher Draper, ironmonger, mayor 1566,
buried 1580. And many other worshipful




and is now bound with some other returns
relating to London churches.

The abbreviations, it may be added, were

* Stow's Survey of London, edited by W. J. Thorns
(1842), p. 51.



very few, and those of so simple a nature,
that it has seemed better to expand them in
print in this instance. As a rule, however,
great caution should be used in expanding the
abbreviations of an ecclesiastical inventory.

A certyficate of the Churchwardens
of the parysh Church of Saynt
Donstones in the Easte in the
Cyttie of London Vnto the
Artycles delyuered vnto them by
the Kinges maiestes Commys-
sioners the xiij th daye of July In
the vj th yeare of his graces
Raigne made by vs Thomas
Bacon and Beniamyn Gonson
then being Churchwardens

In p r mis for Annswere to the ffyrst Artycle
the sayde Churchwardens saye that
Thomas Constable and Roger Chaloner
were Churchwardens of the sayde parishe
in the fyrst yeare of o r sayde Soveraign

Item for Annswere to the second Artycle
concernyng What plate Juelles &c They
haue made here an Inventory of all the
premysses To the which they Refer yo r

Item for Annswere to the therd Artycle as
Concernyng to bryng forth and delyuer
Vnto yo r Lordshipes the Counterpane of
an Inventory &c The sayde Church-
wardens Certyfye yo r lordshipes that to
their knowledg there was neuer any such
Inventory delyuered to the officers of the
Late Bysshop of London nor any was
demaunded of them, and as for that In-
ventory that they haue ys here presently
Annexed as ys declared in the Second

Item for Annswere of the fourth and Last
Artycle what Parte or parcell of o r Sayde
Church goodes haue bynne solde &c
Pleasith yo r Lordshippes to vnderstand
that Roger Chaloner beyng vpper Warden
and Rowland Dye vnderwarden at a vestry
holden the xvij"' daye of Julij Ano Dni
m 1 v c xlvij 1 In the fyrst yeare of the
Raigne of ower Soveraigne Lorde that
nowe is By the Advyse and agrement of
the moost dyscrete and Worsshipful


parisshioners of the sayde parishe ffor that
the Battylmentes of the higher parte of
the Northparte of the sayde Church ffell
vpon the North Yle adioynyng vnto the
same at An Evnyngsong tyme w' such
Vyolence and greate wayte that w* the fall
therof y 1 Brake asounder the greate Beames
and tymber of the Roffe of the sayde Yle
And for asmoche that there was no mony
in the sayde Church yt was thought
necessary to make mony and sell suche
plate as might be best spared So that
the sayde Roger Chaloner solde to George
Webbe goldsmith in Lombert streate
theyse parcelles folowyng That ys to saye
fyrst a Crosse of Sylver and gylt weying
Cx oncz at v s iiij d the once Item ij
challysses w l theyr Patentes gylt weying
lxxij oncz Sm a of all to gether of the gylt
plate Ciiij xx ij oncz at v s iiij d the once
and so in mony xlviij 1 ' xiij s viij d Item in
plate parcell gylt ij playne Basones wey-
inge lxix oncz at iiij s x d ob. the once.
Item a payer of Broken Candelstyckes a
Challys and a payre of olde Cruettes wey-
ing jC.xij oncz at iiij s x d ob. the once,
Sm a in mony xliij 1 ' iiij s . iiij d . Sm a of all
aswell the gylt as the vngylt comyth to
iiij xx xj h . xv s . Which sayde mony was
bestowed vpon the Reparacons of the
foresayde Churche and other necessaryes
as the sayde Roger Chaloner thevppon
dyd Accompt and Allowed by the parishe.
Item in the Second yeare of o r sayde
Soveraigne Lordes Raigne the foresayde
Rowland Dye beyng then vpper Church-
warden and William Anstye associate w 1
hym solde to gether to whome the sayde
Churchwardens can not tell for they wolde
neuer tell them, theyse parcelles ffolowyng
Item a Sute of Vestmentes and an old
Cope of grene Veluet as they saye for xij 1 '
Item solde more to John Deye Certayne
Lattyn Candelstyckes to the Some of
v H . v s . Item in gylt plate as they saye
weing ijC.x. oncz at v s . x d . the once
Item in whyte plate weyinge lxx oncz at
iiij s . ix d . the oncz All which sayde parcelles
were taken out of the Vestry and solde by
them to theyre owne vse w" out the Con-
sent of any of the parisshoners Albeit the
sayde parisshioners haue dyverse and often
tymes Requyred of them to Knowe the
Certenty of the same and to be fully



Satysfied of the Premysses Vet because of
the greate hyndderannce and afterdeale of
the sayde Rowland Dye and ihat he went
out of London and dwellyth at (irauysend
the sayd Church Wardens cannot come to
the perfyt knowledge what doeth Remayne
in their handes for their Accomptes Vet
Remayn vn Alowed wherby they be not
able to sertyfye yo r lordships accordingly

Item in the therd yeare of owre seyde
Soveraign Lordes Raign the sayde William
Anstye then beinge vpperwarden toke into
his handes a greate Cloth that dyd hange
before the Roode in the Lent, A Sepulture
cloth of Bawdkyn w' a greate Vale that
was drawen before the highe Alter in lent
w' dyverse other thinges as Towelles Aulter
cortyns and Curtyns drawne before the
paynture at the Aulter endes &c*

And as Consemyng all other Ornamentes
Plate Juelles Belles <\:c which were in the
Custody of the Churchwardens in the
fyrst yeare of the Raigne of o r sayde
Soveraigne Lorde Savinge the parcelles
afore Rehcrsed to the sayde Church-
wardens knowledge Remayne nowe in the
Church as apearyth by this Inventory
herevnio Annexed Without that any other
thing hath bynne solde or taken awaye by
any other Churchwarden Sence the sayde
fyrst yeare of ower sayde Soveraigne Lordes
Raigne otherwyse then is before Rehersed

An Inventory of all the goodes Juelles Orna-
mentes Vestmentes and all other thinges
belonging or apertayning to the Churche
of Saynte Donstones in the Easte in
London Taken by vs John Yelde Church-
warden Mayster Bacon, Mayster Thomas
Warner M r Anstye M r Cuttell M r Deye
And M r Thomas Hunt the xiiij th daye of
July In the yeare of o r Lorde god a m 1 v c
and ffyftye, and in Anno Regni Regis
Edvardi vj th , quarto.

In the vpper Vestryf
In p r mis a greate Crosse of Sylver and gylt
w l Berrall in the myddes with a Crucyfyx
Mary and John Weing j c xvj oncz

* The articles mentioned here are of much interest,
as relating to English pre-Reformation ritual usages.

t It would almost seem from the expression " upper
vestry " that the vestry was in two stories, the upper
one l>eing probably used as the treasury.

Item one gylt Bason Weying xxx" oncz
Item a Sencer parcell gylt weying xxxvj oncz
Item a Paxe parcell gylt w' pycters of Ivery

in the mydes weyinge Sixe oncz
Item ij Cruettes parcell gylt weyinge a leven

Item a ship* of Whyte Sylver Weying thre

Item ij Candlcstyckes of sylver parcell gylt

Weyinge ffyfty & two oncz
Item ij Challyces one gylt w' a holy Lambe

in the Patent and the other Parcell gylt

w l a hand in the Patent Weyinge therty

and fyue oncz
Item a ffote of Copper and gylt for the

greate Crosse Weyinge [left blank]

Doble Vestmentesf

Item one of Cloth of golde for a preaste]
deacon and Subdeacon w' thappurten- J-
ances J

Item a Vestment of Red velvet called Saynt^
Donstones of Sattyn ffygure of golde for
a preste deacon and subdeacon w 1 haubes
and hedpecesj lackyng the Apparell
havinge stole and ffannell>5

Item one of Blew velvet w l flowers of golde I
ffor a preste deacon and Subdeacon w' J-
thappurtenances J

Item one of grene Velvet w' fflowers of\
golde for a preste deacon and Subdeacon -
w' thappurtenances

Item one of Red Velvet for a preste deacon!
and Subdeacon w' fflowers of golde w 1 \

Item a Vestment of whyte Damaske w')
fflowers of golde w' thappurtenances /

Item a Vestment of grene Damaske for al
prest deacon and Subdeacon w' thappur- J-
tenances I

Item a Vestment of Red Bawdkyn w' Lyonsl
and Byrdes for a preste deacon and Sub- \
deacon w l thappurtenances J

Syngle vestmentes||
Item a vestment of whyte Sattyn of brydge'
for a preste w' fflowers and spledeagles
w* a Red crosse and o r Lady in the mydes
w' thappurtenances

* For incense.

t Double vestments included a complete set for
priest, deacon, and subdeacon.

X Amices. Fanon.

|| Single vestments were chasuble only, with their
appurtenances for a priest only.



Item one of Blewe damaske w f a Crosse of \
cloth of golde w* thappurtenances J

Item a Vestment ofgrene Sattyn w' droppes\
and a Red crosse w 1 thappurtenances J

Item one of whyte damaske w' a Red crosse \
w f small Lyons of golde w 1 thappurten- v
ances )

Item one of grene Sattyn w' starres andj
Crosse of mayden hedes w' thappurten- >
ances J

Item a vestment of grene Sattyn of Brydges \
w' ffiowers and the Appurtenances /

Item one of Red Bawdkyns (sic) w' thappur-\
tenances j

Item one of Blew Velvet w' a Crosse of
Red Veluet w' a Crucyfyxe w* the Ap-

Item one of grene Bawdkyns (sic) w' the")
Aubes and hedpece Lackyng stole andr
ffannell J

Item a Vestment of whyte Bustyn w r fflowers]
and fflower de lyces of Copper golde and -
thappurtenances )

Item one of Black worsted w' {flowers of\
Copper golde w' thappurtenances /

Item an olde vestment of worsted Lackyng ^
the Crosse J

Vestmentes for Lent*
Item ij of whyte Bustyn w' Red Crosses w^
fflower delyces at the endes w* thappur- -
tenances )

Item another of whyte Bustyn w' a Red]
Crosse of Seye in the myddes w* thap-'-
Item another of whyte Lynnyn w l a Red
Crosse fflower delyces at the endes w'l-
appurtenances J

Item one of Clothe of golde for aboue and I
beneth for the highe Alter w' ij Curtynsf -
of Red Taffita J

* During Lent all the images and ornaments of a
church were covered up, and hidden. At first, plain,
white linen cloths were used for this, and the clerical
vestments were made to correspond. As time went
on both the cloths for covering the ornaments, as well
as the vestments, were made rather more ornamental.
The ground colour was generally white, but the stuff
used was often, in later times, of richer material, as
fcilk, or velvet. The cloths and vestments were often
ornamented with red drops of blood, red crosses, the
five sacred wounds of our Saviour, or the sacred
monogram, etc.

f The riddels, or costers.

Item one of Blewe Cloth of golde for aboue]

and Beneth for o r Lady Aulter Lackyng -

the Curtyns
Item one of Blewe Cloth of golde for aboue |

and beneth for Jhesus Aulter w l ij -

Curtyns of Blew Sarsenet
Item a Hangyng of whyte Sarsenet for\

aboue and beneth w' the Curtyns /

Item a Hangyng of Red of Sylke Sendall]

for aboue and beneth w l Challyssys -

paynted on them w' the curtyns
Item a Hangyng of Red chamblet brodered j

w' fflower delyces of Copper gold for a -

small Aulter
Item a small hangyng of Red* and blew|

Sarsenet w' the Kynges Armes J

Item a small Hangyng of whyte Chamblet
Item a small Hangyng of grene Bawdkyn\

for aboue and beneth for a small Aulter /
Item a Hangyng for aboue and beneth of\

blew velvet w' fflower delyces of golde /

Hangynges for Lent

Item one of whyte Bustyn for aboue and]
beneth for the highe Aulter w l Curtyns
of the same w' Red crossis

Item one of whyte Lynnyn for aboue and]
beneth for Jhesus Aulter w* Curtyns of
the same I

Item a Hangyng for aboue and beneth of j
stayned Cloth for o r Lady Aulter w' y
Curtyns of y e same I

Item ij Hangynges of whyte Bustyn for ij j
small Aulters w l thre Curtyns of the^
same J

Stayned Hangynges

Item one for aboue and beneth Stayned fori

all solne dayef w* Curtyns of the same /
Item a small Aulter Cloth Stayned w' Red

and blewe
Item ij Curtyns Stayned w' ^husf writen in

ye mydes
Item a stayned Aulter Cloth for aboue and

Beneth w* Twelue appostles w* the Curtyns
Item ij Lytle stayned Clothes

Copes and other thinges
Item V Copes for chyldren
Item a Tynnacle for a chylde

* The colours red and blue may be noted in con-
nection with the King's arms, which were : Quarterly,
Azure : three fleurs-de-lis or. Gules : three lions pas-
sant gardant in pale.

f All Souls' Day.


Item a deske Cloth of Bawdkyn Lynnyn

w' lynncn & ffrenged
Item an olde Herse Clothe
Item a Cloth of Bawkyn w' swannes
Item a deske Cloth of Sarsenet Lynnyd

w" blow buckeram
Item a Herse cloth of Black Buckeram w' a

whyte Crosse of Lynnyn in the mydes
Item a Vale of grene and yelowe Lynnyn to

drawe afore the highe Aulter*

Stremers banners & fflages

Item a greate Blew stayned Stremer of Saynt

Item xj small Stremers
Item vij fflagges
Item viij Banners some of Sylke stayned and

some of Lynnyn stayned

That that longes to the Sepulture and for

Item a Sepulture Cloth of Cloth of golde
Item a Canepye of Cloth of golde w' iiij

staues paynted Red belongyng to the

Item iij Cosshyns of Red Sendall and one of

Item a Cloth of Red sylke and golde for

good frydaye for the Crosse
Item a Cloth of Turkey worke for the Crys-

Item a pece of whyte Sylke w' iiij tasselles

& iiij knappes of golde threde Lyke a

Item a pece of Sypres to Cary the Sacra-
ment in
Item a gerdle of Sylke w' a Lyst of Blew &

Item ij Napkyns for the highe Aulter wrought

w" sylke
Item a fyne towell wrought w* nedle worke

for the Taper on Easter Evyn
Item a shete to Laye in the Sepulture
Item ij olde peces of Sypres
Item a greate Cossyn of Cloth of golde

* The Lenten Veil, the colours mentioned here are
very unusual, and noteworthy. Usually the colours
were white and blue, paned or striped ; though white,
blue, and black alone have been noted.

t The whole of these entries are very important.
Red, it may be mentioned, was very commonly used
in England as the Good Friday colour.

Corporis Casis
Item ij the one syde Cloth of golde and the

other syde Red sendall
Item one of Black Yeluet Both sydes and

%\)wi brodeied in golde of the one syde

Lynnyn Clothes
Item xiiij dyaper towelles
Item xj dyaper Aulter Clothes
Item xj playne Aulter Clothes

In the Nether Vestry

Item a lytic Bason of Sylver parcell gylt

Weying a leven oncz thre q r trs
Item ij Challyces one gylt the patent w' a

hand in the mydes and the other parcell

gylt the patent w l a hed* in the mydes

weyinge therty & seven oncz thre q r ters
Item a Crysmatory sylver and gylt Lackyng

an Anngell for a fote Weyinge Twenty and

two oncz

Corporis Casis
Item one of Red damaske and Cloth of golde

on the one syde and the other Blew

Item another of Red Sattyn of Brydges

w f %\)\\Z on the one syde and the V

woundes on the other syde
Item ij Corporys Clothes

Item V Copes of Cloth of golde Threde
Item Saynt Donstones Cope of Sattyn ffygure

w' fflowers of Venus goldef
Item a Cope of Blew Veluet w' fflowers of

Item a Cope of Red Veluet w' fflowers of

Item a Cope of Purpyll veluet w' Anngelles

of golde
Item a Cope of grene veluet
Item ij Copes of purpyll Sattyn fygure w'

fflowers of golde
Item a Cope of whyte Damaske w' Anngelles

of golde
Item a Cope of whyte damaske w' fflowers

of golde
Item ij Copes of whyte Sattyn w' fflowers of


* The head of our Lord, known as the Vernacle.
t " Venus golde," i.e., Venice, or base gold.


Item xiiij Copes of dyverse Bawdkyns of

Item iij Black Copes* ij of Black worsted one

of them w 1 fflowers an (sic) another w*

soulles and the therde of Sattyn Brydges

w' soulles

Doble Vestmentes

Item a Vestment of Black worsted for a
preste deacon and Subdeacon w' thappur-

Item a Vestment of Red Bawdkyn for a
prest & deacon w' thappurtenances

Item a Vestment of Bawdkyn w' dragons for
a preste and deacon and subdeacon w'

Item a Vestment of Blew Bawdkyn w* a
deacon and Subdeacon w l thappurten-

Item a Vestment of whyte Bawdkyn w' a
deacon w l the Appurtenances

Syngle vestmentes

Item one of Blew and Vyolet Veluet w'
Anngelles and fflowers of golde w 1 thap-

Item a vestment of whyte damaske w' a
Crosse of Red veluet w' thappurtenances

Item one of whyte Bawdkyn w* Byrdes w l a
Crosse of grene Bawdkyn w 1 thappurten-

Item a vestment of Red and grene Bawdkyn
w 1 thappurtenances

Item one of grene Bawdkyn w' thappurten-

Item one of Red Bawdkyn w l a blew crosse
w' stole and ffannell

Item a Vestment of Red for good ffrydaye
w' stole & ffannell


Item a hangyng for the highe Aulter of
whyte and Red in panes for aboue and
Benethe w' Curtyns of the same

Item ij Aulter Clothes stayned for a boue
and beneth for Jhesus Aulter one of Jhus
and another of the Sepulture w' Curtyns
w' Anngelles

Item a Hangyng for a boue and Beneth
Stayned w' the Assuption of o r Lady w'

* For mortuaries.

Item a greate Cloth of Tappystry worke to
Lye before the highe Aulter Lyned w'

Item iiij old Cosshyns

Banners of dyverse Sortes

Item a Crosse Banner Enbrodered w* golde

w' the Crucyfyx Mary and John on the

one syde and saynt Donstone on the other

Item a Crosse Banner of grene Sarsenet

w* the Trynite on the one syde and 3)1) "3

on the other syde
Item a Crosse Banner of grene Sarsenet w l o r

Lady and iij Kynges of Collyn of Both


In the Steople

Item V greate Belles and a sannsbell

Item a Clock Bell

Per me Thomam Bacon
Per me Humfridum Welles

Endorsed on the back :

a Enife tottb a " IBene&ictio
2$ens&" on it.

EW subjects interested the late Mr.
Henry Bradshaw more, or were
wont to fire him with greater anima-
tion, than the proper manner of
saying a mediaeval Benedictio Mensce, or Grace
before and after meat. Those who wish to
know what he had to say on this subject,
should refer to the Babecs Book, published by
the Early English Text Society, where they
will find the subject dealt with by Mr. Brad-
shaw with all the learning and enthusiasm he
was able to bring to bear upon it.

In the museum at the Louvre, in Paris,
there is a beautiful and curious knife, of
which we give the accompanying illustration.

Online LibraryPhoebe PalmerThe Antiquary (Volume 31) → online text (page 3 of 67)