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been in very early times a right of sanctuary
in any church for a very short period of a
few days. At Adel the original bronze
handle remains ; at York this is lost, and
its place has been supplied by a ring of iron.
Both these knockers or closing rings appear
to be of considerable age, and it will not
probably be assigning them too high an
antiquity if they are referred to early in the
thirteenth, or late in the twelfth, century.
If it is safe to say that the Adel knocker is
coeval with the date of the church itself,
then its age will be definitely decided as of
the twelfth century, and the York knocker
must be as old. The knocker at St. Gregory's
Church at Norwich has lost its ring, but it
is very similar in design to the two last
mentioned, although perhaps hardly quite
as ancient. These, so far as is at present
known, are all the instances still existing.
It is, however, possible that there are a few
others as yet unnoted, and the recent bring-
ing to light of the remarkable knocker at
Lindsell by Mr. Christy affords an element
of hope that perhaps some others may be
found. One lesson to be learnt is that far
more care ought to be taken of these smaller
objects when a church is restored than has
been done in the past. Had this been so,
it is not making a rash assumption to say
that others would have remained to be
mentioned in this paper.



SDn an Jtfcfc ^iXWtx Dialling
of tbe 4Eirjf)teentb Centurp.

By D. Alleyne Walter.

HE Dublin Museum contains a few
examples of an article which has
now become practically obsolete.
For want of a better name, it may
be described as a Dish-ring, being a circular
rim or ring of silver intended to support a
wooden bowl for potatoes. The very fine
example, of which the accompanying sketch




AN IRISH SI I VER DISH-RING OF THE EIGHTEENTH CENTUR Y. 209




iDAVT



has been made, is in private possession. It
will be at once recognised what a remarkably
fine piece of silversmith's work it is. The
circular rim which is intended to support the
bowl is formed of very light and elegant
basket-work, into the interstices of which are
entwined various flowers and fruits, admirably
executed in an excellent and artistic manner.
It is not to be supposed that all other " Dish-



rings " are of equal merit to this exception-
ally fine piece of work, but many of them
exhibit much merit in design. They have
almost, if not wholly, fallen into disuse,
although the wooden bowl is still occasion-
ally used in country places.

The example from which the illustration
has been made bears Dublin hall-marks for
1770.



Letters of tbt jTim (OEnrjUst))
IPrince of Hales.*

No. III.

By Nathaniel Hone.

Dno W. Reginaldi

STSirajlI^YARD &c a sun cher clerk sire

i b7m Waut' Reignaud Gardem &c saluz

m iTS n ' v ' man dos ( f v ' n ' face/ p r uoer

en la ville de Lundr' p r noz pettiz

tromp r s une poire des trompes q' soient bons

e fortz p r trusser e une poire de pettiz nakaires

p r ffrancekyn n're nakarer si come Janyn n're

* For the benefit of those not conversant with the
abbreviated forms of mediaeval Latin and Anglo-
French, it has been thought advisable to append
translations of the originals, rendered as literally wis
possible.

VOL. XXXI.



trompeur portur de ces Ires v' sauera deuiser
Donees souz &c a Tenterdenne &x vt s a Ian
&c [1 July]

Mag'ro Henr' de Bray
Edward &c a sun bien ame Maistre Henr'
de Bray saluz e bon amur Pur ceo q' n*
auoms entendu q' aucunes gentz par v're
abettz bien empescher n're chere e bien amee
dame Alice de Leygrave n're norice sur une
garde q' n're seign r le Roy n're pere lui auoit
done piecea de ffraunk Scolaund a qui la
fille n're dite norice est marie v' p'om che'ment
e maundom q' v' v' soeffrez dutout de fere ou
p r chacer par v' ou par autres chose q' peust
fuer en noesaunce ou damage a la dite fille
n're norice ouempechementdudoun auaundit
countre resoun Kar n' harriom molt q' ele ou
les soens encorussent mal ou damage mem-
frenable si auaunt come n' puissom bonement

2 E



2io LETTERS OF THE FIRST {ENGLISH) PRINCE OF WALES.



y mettre consail p r le droit n're scign r le Roy
sauuer e les bons s'uices q' n're dite norice n'
ad fait Don souz &c a Wy le v iour de Juyl

D'no L* Card' Sc'e Marie in Via Lata.
Ven'abili in Xp'o p'ri cosang'neo suo K'mi
d'no L dei gr'a Marie in Via Lata sac'sce
Romane ecclie Diacono Card' Edwardus &c
sal'tm t sinc'e dil'ecois amplen' Audiuim' v'ris
nobis trTnissis l'ris ref'entibz eleccoem Con-
corde t unanime p' vos t cet'os sacros'ce
Romane eccl'ie cardinales f'cam de D'no
Bertrandot nup' Burdegalen' Arch'iepo in
uniu'salis eccl'ie summu pontifice t exultauit
in d'no sp'us n'r qui taleni viru que eccl'ie
sue regimini gregiq' suo vtile t nccum n'ra
om'ino cois oi'um opinio indubitant' esse
asserit sibi t eidem eccl'ie sponse sue iam
diu pastoris solacio destitute in dispensatore
ministrorum suorum et pastorem vocare dig-
natus est t eo amplius g'ras exsolum' g're
largitori quo ip'm nobis diuina p'uidencia in
pastorem t tutorem statuit t assumpsit que
d'nm Rege Angl' p'rem n'rm nos t totu regnu
Anglie vos eciam t alios amicos n'ros p'secu-
turum intedim' in n'ris penes ip'm agendis
speciali p'rogatiua g're t fauoris Cet'um in hiis
t aliis satis p'pendim' affecoem qua erga nos
g'itis cordialem de quo ad grates assurgim'
speciales pat'nitate v'ram attente requirentes
quatin' p'cocepta erga nos benevolencia con-
tinuantes nob' cu fiducia nuciare velitis q'cq'd
p' vobis aut v'ris volu'ritis nos f'curos P'nitate
v'ram cos'uet altissim' ad eccl'ie sue regime
p' t'pa felicit' s'cessiua Dat' ap'd Chartham
[9 July]

D'no Abb'i Cestr'

Edward &c Al Abbe de Cestre saluz
Nous enueoms a v' n're Galeis Yeuan ap
Lewelyn portur de ces l'res qi p r sa fieblesce
no n' poet aparmeismes conuenablement
s'uir e v' p'om q' v' le receuez en v're mesoun
e lui facez trouer pur lui e sun garsoun q'
s'uir le puisse sustenaunce solos sun estat p r
amur de n' tant q' n' eom de lui autre chose
ordine Don souz &c vt sup' Ian &c xxxiii
[12 July]

D'no Comiti Gloucestr'
A Mons' Rauf de Mah'mer Counte de
Gloucestr' e de Hereford' saluz e chez amistez
De ceo sire q' v* estes desirous de sauoir

* Lucas de Flisco. + Clement V.



bones noueles de n're estat si come v' n'
auez maunde par vos l'res v' sauom molt bon
gre e v' fesom asauoir q' n' estoiems sainz e
en bon estat du cors dieu m'ci q'unt cestes
l'res furent faites desirant de sauoir de v' y
ceo meismes E de ceo q' v' n' auez si bone-
ment abaundone vos biens v' m'cioms molt
ch'ement e v' feisom a sauoir q' n're seignur
le Roy n're pere ne se tient mie assi mal
paye de n' come aucunes gentz par auenture
v' ount fait entendaunt Kar if voet e ad
comaunde q' n' eoms du soen largement ceo
q' mestier n' est Totes voyes v' p'oms q' v're
estat le quel dieu face toutz jours bon n'
veillez mander le plus souent q' v' p r rez en
bon man' n're seig' &c Don souz &c [19
July]

D'ne Comitisse Gloucestr'
Item significatu est d'ne comitisse Glou-
cestr' q'd D'ns reg'ciaf sibi de eo q'd dedidit
d'no res suas t sigillu suu t q'd no est ita
scd'm q'd datu est ei intelligi q'd d'ns Rex
stabiliuit tarn dure cont' eum nam ordinauit
t voluit q'd id q'd n'cce sibi est habeat ad
sufficientiam t q'd d'ns renuciet sibi sigillu
suu p' Ingelardu de Warle cl'icum cui t'ditu
fuit ip'm sigillu sub sigillo dn'i xxi die Julii in
cam'a Archiep'i apud Lambethe in p'sencia
d'ni W de Leybume militis Roth'ic de Ispanu
Willi' de Melton t multoz alioz Et memo d
q'd sigillu illud tradebaf p'mo eode die
ibidem no consignatu t d'ns Cancellar' stati
signauit illud sigillo d'ni

D'no Abb'i de Abyndon
Edward &c a ses chers en Dieu l'Abbe de
Abyndon e le couent de meisme le lieu saluz
e ches amistez pour ceo q' a la requeste n're
seign r le Roy n're piere auez grante a n're
cher s'geant maistre Simon n're Ken* x marcs
par an a receuire de v're maison si come n'
auoms entendu v' prioms especiaument q'
outre ces lui voillez doner vos robes Car n'
entendos e sauoms bien qil vodra e sau'a
bien desseruir Don souz &c Au Park de
Wynd' le v iour de Sept'

Comiti Lincoln
Edward &c au counte de Nicolet saluz e
chez amistez De ceo q' v' n' auez maunde q'

* Sic ; query, an error of clerk for Simon le Ken.
t Norman name for Lincoln.



LETTERS OF THE FIRST (ENGLISH) PRINCE OF WALES. 211



nostre seign r le Roy ad ordine vostre aler v r
la cour de Rome e v' voudrez auer Mons
Miles de Stapelton nostre cheualer pur ordein'
les bosoignes de v're hostel sachez sire q' n' ne
auoms chivaler ne esquier en n're hostel q' v'
plese qui aider ou s'uir v' puisse q' n' ne le
v' baudrons volunt's mais a mons' Miles n'
nauoms poer de le doner conge sanz comande-
ment nostre seign r le Roy nostre pere que le
ad comaunde e charge de nostre hostel e de
nos bosoignes pur quoi il v' couedra aparler
a n're seign r le Roy de ceste bosoigne Don
&c a Kington vt sup' [4th Oct]

D'no Pape

Sanctissimo in X'po patri t d'no d'no C*
diuina p'uidencia sacros'ce Romane t uniu'
salis eccl'ie sumo Pontifici suus humilis filius
Edwardus serenissimi Principis d'ni Edwardi
ejusdem g'ra Reg' Angl' d'ni Hibn t ducis
Aquit' natus ac Princeps Wall' cum om'i
reuerencia t honore deuota pedum os'cla
beatorum v're beatudine tenore p'sentiu in-
notescat q'd nos de circuspeccoe industria
t fidelitate exp'ta ven'abiliu p'rum Wat' Con-
uente t Lych t Will'i Wygorn' d'ca g'ra
Ep'orum nobiliuq' virorum Henr' de Lacy
Comitis Lincoln consanguinei n're carissimi
Hug* le Despens' Amanani de Leibrerto
Othonis de Grandisono militu ac discretorum
Mag'rorum Joh'is de Benstede Sarisburiens'
Rob'ti de Pykeringg Ebor' Bert'hi de fferen-
tino London' t Ph'i Martelli Cycestr' eccl'i-
arum Canonicorum plene fiduciam ponentes
ip'os n'ros veros t legitimos facim' t con-
stituim' p'curatores t nucios sp'iales dantes
eisdem seu eorum quatuor ex ip'is aut duobz
eorum insolidum plenam gen'alem t lib'am
potestatem t mandatu speciale p'sequendi
negotia matrimoni int' nos t illustrem d'nam
Isabell' excellentissimi principis d'ni Ph'i
ffrancie filiam p'locuti ac matrimoniu cum
eadem p' verba de p'senti p' nob' t n'ro noie
contrahendi nee no in a'iam n'ram prestandi
quodlibet gen' liciti sae'ri t o'mia alia que
ad ip'm matrimoniu firmand' noborand' t val-
landum p'tineat aut p'tinere pot'unt faciendi
ecia si mandatum exigant speciale ratu t
firmu hitur' quicquid d'ee p'curatores vel
quatuor aut duo ip'orum fec'int in permissis
t quoit p'missorum In cuj' testimonial has

Clement V.



l'ras n'ras patentes sigilli n'ri munime fecim'
consignari Dat' apud Westm' xv die Octobr'
anno d'ni m ccc. v.

Translation.

To Sir W. Reginald.
Edward, etc., to his beloved clerk, Sir
Walter Reginald Keeper, etc., greeting. We
charge you to cause to be obtained for us in
the City of London, for our little trumpeters,
a pair of trumpets of good quality and strong
for packing ; and a pair of kettledrums for
Francekyn our drummer, as Janyn our
trumpeter, the bearer of these letters, will
show you. Given under [our seal] at Ten-
terden, etc., as above, etc. [1 July].

To Master Henry de Bray.
Edward, etc., to his well beloved Master
Henry de Bray greeting and good love.
Whereas we have heard that certain persons,
by your aid, impeach our dear and well
beloved lady Alice de Leygrave our nurse,
on a wardship that our Lord the King our
father had lately given her of Frank Scolaund,
to whom the daughter of our said nurse is
married, we pray you affectionately and
charge you that you allow nothing to be
done or be procured by yourself or by others,
which can be to the hurt or damage of the
said daughter of our nurse, or impeachment
of the gift aforesaid against reason. For we
are much troubled that she or hers should
incur unreasonable hurt or damage, if before
we may take good counsel to save the right
of our lord the King, and for the good
services which our said nurse has discharged
towards us. Given under, etc., at Wye the
v day of July.

To the Lord Cardinal of St. Mary in Via
Lata.
To the venerable Father in Christ, his
beloved cousin, the Lord L[uke], by the
grace of God of St. Mary in Via Lata, of the
Holy Roman Church, Cardinal Deacon,
Edward, etc. Health and the embrace of
sincere affection. We have heard, by your
letters transmitted to us, of the concordant
and unanimous election made by you and
the other cardinals of the Holy Roman
Church, of the Lord Bertrand, late Arch-



212 LETTERS OF THE FIRST {ENGLISH) PRINCE OF WALES.



bishop of Bordeaux, to the supreme Ponti-
ficate of the Universal Church, and our spirit
hath rejoiced in the Lord, who such a man,
whom our own and the common opinion of
all unhesitatingly asserts to be useful and
necessary for his flock, and for the govern-
ment of his Church, for himself and the said
Church, his spouse, now long bereft of the
solace of a pastor, hath deigned to call for
his pastor and dispenser of his ministries.
And we return thanks the more to the Giver
of grace, that by divine providence he hath
appointed and taken him for our pastor and
teacher, whom we hope will follow the Lord
King of England our father, us, and the
whole realm of England, you also and other
our friends, in our affairs now being transacted
before him, by special prerogative of his
grace and favour. And of other matters,
in these and all else, we have sufficient
confidence in the cordial affection which
you have towards us, for which we give
you special thanks, earnestly praying your
Paternity that continuing towards us the
benevolence which you before conceived,
you will inform us what you wish that we
shall do for you and yours. May the
Almighty happily preserve your Paternity for
the rule of his Church, through successive
times. Given at Chartham 9 July.

To the Lord Abbot of Chester.
Edward, etc., to the Abbot of Chester
greeting. We are sending you our Welsh-
man, Yevan ap Lewelyn, the bearer of these
letters, who, on account of his feebleness,
can no longer conveniently serve us, and we
pray you to receive him into your house, and
arrange that there be provided for him and
his groom, who shall serve him, sustenance
according to his estate, for love of us, until
we shall ordain otherwise concerning him.
Given under, etc., as above in the 33rd
year, etc.

To the Lord Earl of Gloucester.
To Monsieur Ralph de Monthermer, Earl
of Gloucester and of Hereford, greeting and
good wishes. Whereas, sir, you are desirous
of hearing good news of our estate, as you
have informed us by your letters. We are well
aware of your favour towards us and would
have you know, that we are in good bodily



health, God be thanked, when these letters
were made, wishing to hear the same of you.
And whereas you have in such good part given
us of your substance,* we thank you, and
would have you know that our lord the King
our father is not so ill disposed towards us
as certain persons, perchance, would have
you understand. For he wills and has com-
manded that we should have of his bounty
what is meet for us. We beg that you will
inform us of your estate, which God grant
may be always good, as often as you can.
Given under, etc. [19 July].

To the Lady Countess of Gloucester.

Also it is signified to the Lady Countess
of Gloucester, that the Lord [Prince] thanks
her for having given to the Lord of her
substance and for her seal, and that it is not
as has been given her to understand that the
Lord King is still so hardened against him,
for he has ordained and willed that he shall
have what is meet for him in sufficiency, and
that the Lord sends back to her her seal by
Ingelard de Warley his clerk, to whom has
been delivered the said seal, under the seal
of the Lord xxi day of July in the chamber
of the Archbishop at Lambeth, in the presence
of Sir W. de Leybourne, knight, Roderic of
Spain, Wm. de Melton, and many others.
And be it remembered that the said seal was
delivered at first the same day there, not
countersigned, and the Lord Chancellor
immediately signed it with the Lord's seal
[21 July].

To the Lord Abbot of Abingdon.

Edward, etc., to his beloved in God the
Abbot of Abingdon and the Convent of the
same place. Health and good wishes. Whereas
at the request of our lord the King our father
you have granted to our beloved servant,
Master Simon le Ken, x marks per annum,
to be received of your house as we have
understood, we pray you especially that
besides these you will give him your habit.
For we think and know well that he will and
shall be well deserving of it. Given under,
etc, at the Park of Windsor the v day of
September.

* Referring to the time when the King had cut off
all supplies from his household.



LETTERS OF THE FIRST (ENGLISH) PRINCE OF WALES. 21 j



To the Earl of Lincoln.

Edward, etc., to the Earl of Lincoln greet-
ing and good wishes. Whereas you have
informed us that our Lord the King has
ordered you to repair to the Court of Rome,
and you wish to have Monsieur Miles de
Stapleton our knight to manage the affairs
of your household, know, sir, that we have no
knight or esquire in our household, who
could render you aid or service, that we
would not willingly give up to you ; but as
for Mons. Miles, we have no power to give
him leave without commandment of our Lord
the King our father, as he has command and
charge of our household, and of our affairs,
wherefore it will be necessary for you to
speak to our lord the King on this matter.
Given, etc., at Kington ut sup [4th Oct.]

To the Lord Pope.

To our most holy Father in Christ and
Lord, the Lord Clement, by divine provi-
dence supreme Pontiff of the Holy Roman
and Universal Church, his humble son
Edward, of the most serene prince the Lord
Edward by the same grace King of England,
Lord of Ireland, and Duke of Aquitaine, son
and Prince of Wales, with all reverence and
honour, devoutly kissing the blessed feet of
your Holiness. Be it known, by the tenor
of these presents, that having experience of
the circumspection, industry, and fidelity of
the venerable fathers Walter of Coventry and
Lichfield, and William of Worcester, by the
grace of God, Bishops, and of the noble men
Henry de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, our dearest
cousin, Hugh le Despenser, Amanenus de
Lebret, Otho de Grandison, knights, and of
the discreet masters John de Benstede, Robert
de Pickering, Bartholomew de Ferentino, and
Philip Martel, canons of the churches of
Salisbury, York, London, and Chichester,
reposing full confidence, do make and ap-
point them our proctors and special nuncios,
giving to them or four or two of them together
full, general, and free authority and special
mandate to prosecute the affair of the
marriage between Us and the illustrious
Lady Isabel, daughter of the most excellent
prince the Lord Philip of France, and to
contract a marriage with the same per verba
de prescnte, for us, and in our name, also to



take on our soul any kind of lawful oath,
and to do all other things which may apper-
tain to the binding, strengthening, and
making valid of the said marriage, also even
if they require a special mandate, we shall
hold ratified and firm whatever the said
proctors, or four or two of them, shall do in
the premises and any of these premises.
In witness whereof we have caused these
our letters patent to be countersigned with
the strengthening of our seal. Given at
Westminster xv day of October anno dom.

MCCCV.

The foregoing extracts will convey a fair
idea of the variety and interest of this (for
the age) voluminous correspondence, cover-
ing a period of barely six months. It is im-
possible to peruse such letters as that to John
de Drokenesford, asking payment for Ladalli
"for that he is of the country of our very-
dear Lady and Mother whom God assoile ";
or those to the Abbot of Reading, at one
time requesting relief for the burgesses from
talliage, at another the best surgical attend-
ance for his wounded groom ; and again,
that to the Abbot of Chester on behalf of
his Welsh servant, Evan ap Llewelyn and
these are only specimens of many such in
the Roll without recognising that the Prince
at this period must have been a youth of
tender feeling and generous impulses. It is
curious to speculate what might have been
his future had the influence of that excellent
mother been extended to his early manhood,
or had his father adopted towards him a less
austere attitude than that revealed in these
letters.

Although reported on by the Deputy-
Keeper as long ago as 1847,* this Roll
appears not to have received the attention it
deserves, and as far as the writer is aware no
extracts from it have hitherto appeared. It
were much to be desired that one of our
archaeological societies would take up this
interesting document, and print it in extenso.

* 9th Report.



2I 4



HOL Y WELLS OF SCOTLAND.




8>olp Shells of Scotland : tfjeir
Legenus ant) Superstitions.

By K. C. Hoik, K.S.A., F.R.SL.
(Continued from p. 181, vol. xxxi.)

ARGYLLSHIRE (continued).

KILCALMONELL : HOLY WELL.

N the united parishes of Kilcalmonell
and Kilberry is an ancient ecclesi-
astical site of Kilanaish. "Near
the burial-ground," Captain White
tells us, " is its Holy Well, where it is proper
to wish the three usual wishes, which, on my
last visit to the place, our party, including
one lady, devoutly did." Folklore of Scottish
Lochs and Springs, p. 320.

INVERLUSSA : PRIESTS' SPRING.

At Inverlussa, in North Knapdale-parish,
may be seen the ancient chapel and burying-
ground of Kilmichael. A well in the im-
mediate neighbourhood is dedicated, not in
honour of the Archangel Michael, but to
some local ecclesiastic whose name is now
forgotten. In reference to this spring,
Captain White says : " Trickling out from
under a rock is the Priests' Well Tobar-ant-
Sagairt famous, like many another spring of
so-called holy water, for its miraculous healing
virtues." Ibid., p. 70.

FETTERNEAR : ST. NINIAN's WELL.

We have here St. Ninian's Well, on the
bank of the river Don, which is kept in
perfect order. It is just below the ancient
parish church of St. Ninian (1 150), which has
been rebuilt, and which has always been in
Roman Catholic hands. The well was used
by the early missionaries as they came down
the Don to Aberdeen, building chapels as
they went. The water is still used for
church purposes.

FETTERNEAR : ST. JOHN'S WELL.

St. John's Well, a mile north-west. The
history of it is not known, but it is similar to
St. Ninian's, and carefully kept. No old
carved work at either of these wells exists.

HOLY LAND: ST. JOHN'S WELL.

About a half-mile north-east is a place
called Holy Land, with a most splendid clear
spring. I can find no history of it, only the



names on old estate plans. The new church
of St. John is so named from its proximity to
St. John's Well. St. Ninian's, now in private
grounds, was the parish church up to 1560.

AYRSHIRE.

KINO'S EASE : KING'S CASE OR KILCAISS.

Tradition says that King Robert the
Bruce by drinking the waters at this well
was cured of leprosy, and he there built a
chapel, the ruins of which still exist, and also
gave a large grant of land to the freemen of
Prestwick, a small village in its immediate
neighbourhood.

INVERNESS.

MUIRTOWN : FUARAN AUI.T AN IONNLAID, OR THE
WELL OF THE WASHING BURN.

Near the Muirtown Tollhouse is " Fuaran
Ault an Ionnlaid," or the Well of the Wash-
ing Burn. It was neatly enclosed and built
round with stone by the late H. R. Duff, of
Muirtown, and has the following inscription
engraved upon the top stone, " Luci Fontisque
Nymphis," i.e., " To the Nymphs of the Grove
and the Fountain." At each corner, under-
neath this, are inscribed the letters " H. R. D."
and the date " 1830." This fountain is
pleasantly shaded, beautifully situated, and
affords a cool and refreshing draught. Being
the reputed haunt, first of the Druid, and
afterward of the priest, its virtues were ac-
cordingly numerous and extraordinary. More
than one Druid circle stood in the vicinity,
and later there was also close by a chapel.
Such spots were always favourites with both
Druids and priests. The waters of this spring
were reputed to be especially efficacious for
the curing of cutaneous diseases. Among
the ceremonies was washing in the passing
burn and drinking of the well, both a certain
number of times, with the customary for-
malities of genuflexions and prayers, and
hence the name of " Well of the Washing
Burn." It is recorded that a soldier's wife



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