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Archbishop Russell and his brother the dean,
(who had them made), had with St. Nicholas's
I am not aware.

The censer is small, being about 8 inches
high. It is of graceful form, and although
devoid of elaborate ornamentation, is yet a



SOME FURTHER EXAMPLES OF IRISH PLATE.



337



handsome piece of plate. It is perfect with
the exception of the chains, which are modern.
The inscription surrounds the bowl in cursive
characters, and is as follows :

" Orate pro Pa : Russell Archiep. Dublin
Hiberniae Primate et pro fratre ejus Ja :



crowned ; (3) an Old English capital (5, the
Dublin date-letter for 1690, thus supplying
a letter in Mr. Cripps's table of old Dublin
hall-marks.

The ship for holding the incense is 7f
inches in length, and 3 inches high in the
centre. It is, unfortunately, not in quite such




Russell Decano Dub : et Protonotario
Apostolico qui me fieri fecit anno 1690."

The hall-marks are on the underside of the
foot (two of the marks, the harp and date-letter,
being repeated on the cover). The marks
are : (1) The maker's mark, being the initials
C. P;, in a heart-shaped shield ; (2) harp,

VOL. XXXI.



good preservation as the censer, as it is a
good deal battered, and has been bent in
places. The stem seems, from its rather
clumsy appearance, to have been tampered
with.

The inscription which runs on each side,
although in substance precisely similar to
that on the censer, has some differences in

2 x



33&



SOME FURTHER EXAMPLES OF IRISH PLATE.



the abbreviations,
the top end :



The date, "1690," is at



"Orate pro Pa Russell Archiepo Dub
Hiberniie Primate et pro fratre ejus. Ja.
Russell Decano Dublin et protonotario
Apostolico qui me fieri fecit."

There are no hall-marks on this latter piece.

[I am indebted to Collections of Irish Church
History by the late Dr. Kenehan, President of May-
nooth, for the following particulars regarding Arch-
bishop Russell and his brother.

Patrick Russell was the son of James Russell, of
Rush, in the county of Dublin, and was born in that
parish in the year 1629. Of his early years, student
life, and labours as a priest, hardly anything isknown,
but it is presumed that, being descended from a re-
spectable family, and displaying more than ordinary



Amongst his other acts for the welfare of his Church
he signed the petition presented by the Roman
Catholic bishops of Ireland to the King on July 21,
1685, praying him to confer on Tyrconnell the neces-
sary authority for protecting them in the free exercise
of their ministry in convening the assembly. Another
important act of the Archbishop's public ministry was
the consecration of the church of the Benedictine nuns
in Channel Row, Dublin, on June 6, 1689, which was
performed with a great show of pomp and splendour,
the King himself being present, accompanied by his
Court and a vast concourse who welcomed his Majesty
with religious enthusiasm. It was the first time for
ages that an English king had taken part in such a
ceremony.

Soon after came the battle of the Boyne, the defeat
and flight of James, and the submission of the Irish to
the Prince of Orange. The penal laws were again
rigorously enforced, anil one of the first to suffer was
Dr. Russell. He was cast into prison, where he
remained until his death on July 14, 1692, at the age
of sixty-three years.]




SHIP FOR INCENSE.



zeal and prudence, he was chosen at a critical period
in the history of the Church to preside over the Roman
Catholic diocese of Dublin.

He was consecrated on August 2, 1683, and died
July 14, 1692. During the period of his episcopate he
seems to have encountered much active hostility. In
times of danger he would retire to Rush, and lie con-
cealed in the house of his kinsman, Geoffrey Russell.
On the accession of James II., when the fullest liberty
was given the Roman Catholic bishops to meet in
council, Archbishop Russell seized the opportunity of
convening a provincial synod, which was held on
July 24 1685, its purpose being to reform the irregu-
larities which had crept in during a long period of
religious persecution. James Russell, his brother, the
" Dean of Dublin," was present at this council. On
August 1, 1688, another provincial synod was held at
which Archbishop Russell and his brother the afore-
said James Russell assisted. There are also extant the
Acts of three diocesan synods of Dublin held during
Archbishop Russell's administration of the see, viz.,
June 10, 1686 ; May 9, 1688, and April 4, 1689.



Another article which, although not of
Irish make, is preserved in the Science and
Art Museum at Dublin, is the fine mon-
strance, which is shown in the accompanying
sketch. It is a piece of English work, and
bears London hall-marks for 1693. The
plain cross with which it is surmounted
looks as if it were a later addition, otherwise
the ornamentation of the monstrance is
characteristic of the date when it was made.
The rays of glory, alternately straight-sided
and wavy, with which the face of the mon-
strance is encircled, are very effective, while
the cherub, the baluster stem, and the bold
oval base, with its band of acanthus leaves,
are good pieces of work, and combine to
form a dignified and harmonious ensemble.
The height is 16 inches, and the diameter



SOME FURTHER EXAMPLES OF IRISH PLATE.



339




MONSTRANCE.



of the base >]\ inches. The vessel is of an
unusual date, and is in that respect, perhaps,
an almost unique specimen of English gold-
smiths' work. On that account I have
thought it worthy of notice.




a ILtterarp Request in tbe %\x-
teentf) Centurg :

A MS. "BOOK OF WISDOM."

By Basil Anderton, B.A. (Lond ),
Public Librarian of Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

{Concluded from p. 312.)



HE next division, "The wise man
seeketh true riches (Sapiens veras
querit opes)," is a somewhat longer
one, and contains over sixty
selections :

" Nature daily admonisheth us how small
things she needs, how few, how cheap."

"Nothing so showeth a narrow and small
mind as the loving of riches ; nothing is
more honourable and noble than the con-
temning of wealth."

" What the crowd prizeth to wit, riches
that do thou despise; and what the crowd
regardeth not to wit, uprightness, virtue,
and learning that do thou prize."

" Furnish thyself with those riches which
in shipwreck can swim off with their master."

"We must think that happiness lies not in
the greatness of possessions, but in the well-
being of the mind ; nor would any man say
that the body is in good case because it is
clothed in fine raiment, but because it enjoys
health and is well ; but where the soul is
well ordered, that man is truly rich."

" When the ambassadors of Philip, King
of the Macedonians, offered great gifts to
Phocion, and exhorted him to receive them
since he was poor, and said, although indeed
he could do without them, yet to his children
they would be needful, since it would be
hard for them in the greatest poverty to
attain to the glory of their father ; ' If,' said
he, 'they are like me, this same plot of
ground will nourish them which has raised
me to this dignity; if they are unlike, I do
not wish that their luxury should be nourished
and increased at my cost.'"

"A wise man carries all his riches with
him."

"When Demetrius had taken Megara, he
called Stilbo, the philosopher, to him, and



34Q A LITERARY BEQUEST IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY.



asked him whether any one of the soldiers
had taken away any goods of his. ' No
one,' said he ; for I saw no one that could
carry off any wisdom ;' recognising that only
the goods of the mind were not exposed to
the violence of war."

" It is a great dowry when an uncorrupted
character is brought to a marriage ; as a
Spartan woman, being asked what dowry she
would bring to her husband, ' Modesty,' she
answered, ' handed down from my fathers.' "

" Diogenes was wont to argue that ' all
things belong to the gods ; the wise are the
friends of the gods ; friends have all things
in common ; therefore all things belong to
the wise.' "

The next thesis, that "The wise man is
truly noble," is disposed of in about two
pages. The following may be taken as
examples :

" The nobility of the wise man consists in
virtue."

"It is far better to grow noble than to be
born noble."

" If you would secure glory and honour,
be such as you would fain be reputed."

"An honourable fame is a second patri-
mony."

The sixth part of the book (it will be
remembered that there were nine divisions
in all) is entitled " The wise man considereth
what the tongue bringeth to pass." It is by
far the longest of all, and extends to more
than thirty pages.

" He that useth many words hurteth his
own soul."

"The heart of a fool is placed in his
mouth, but the mouth of a wise man is
placed in his heart."

"A guileful tongue loveth not truth, and a
slippery mouth worketh ruin."

"He that answereth before he heareth
showeth himself to be a fool, and worthy of
confusion."

" Answer a fool after his folly."

" Answer not a fool after his folly."

"There is a time when it is meet to
answer a fool after his folly, lest he should
seem wise unto himself; there is a time
when it is not meet to answer a fool after his
folly, lest thou shouldest become like him.



Christ heard, 'Thou art a Samaritan,' and
He held His peace ; He heard, ' Thou hast
a devil,' and He gainsaid the injury."

" If any man thinketh himself to be re-
ligious and bridleth not his tongue, his
religion is vain." (This, by the way, is
attributed to Erasmus.)

"The tongue of many men outrunneth
their minds."

" It is not always what is said or proposed
that should be examined, but with what
mind it is said."

" In speaking, thou must consider not
what is pleasant to thee to say, but what
will help others, or what is expedient for
them to hear."

" A fool when he holds his tongue nowise
differs from a wise man."

" Athenodorus, the philosopher, warned
Augustus, when he was about to depart, to
do or say nothing in anger without first
saying over the Greek alphabet in its order.
Caesar, pleased with that counsel, embraced
the man, and said, ' I have need of you,' and
kept him with him for a year to learn silence
of such a master."

" A word once uttered cannot be recalled,
but thought can be corrected."

" Talkativeness has always been joined
with folly, and eloquence with wisdom."

" The ill that is wrought by silence can
be [set right] by speech ; but a word, when
once uttered, flies away beyond our recall."
(The Latin is as follows : " Quod silentio
peccatum est potest recerciri [sic] silentio :
Sed semel emissum volat irrevocabile ver-
bum." Though this second line is a hex-
ameter of Horace's, the sententia is given as
that of Simonides.)

" 'Twas pithily said by one, that ' For
speech we have men as masters ; for silence,
the gods.' "

"A weapon, when hurled, falleth not back
on him that sent it, but rather bringeth
destruction upon others ; but a word, when
uttered, bringeth destruction upon no man
more surely than upon him that sent it forth."

"No thanks are due to a prodigal who
bestows, not through kindness, but through
a diseased mind ; so the faith of keeping
silence is not due to him who was the first
to break the covenant of silence."

" They who have the falling sickness fall



A LITERARY BEQUEST IN THE SIXTEEN! H CENTURY. 341



not where they will, but wheresoever the
sickness hath seized them ; so they that
have the disease of the tongue slip and
fall alike in the greatest things and in the
least."

" No man speaketh aright but he that
hath first learnt to hold his peace."

"Nature hath given to man one mouth
and two ears, that we may hear more than
we speak."

" Who would not shudder if one offered
him wine mixed with poison? Yet that
poison is more hurtful which a flatterer or
a backbiter offereth thee, since thou drinkest
it in through greedy ears."

"It is cowardly to assail those with thy
tongue who cannot answer thee."

" A slanderer often re- ..."

Diert's work of love got no further. At
the end of a page, and in the middle of a
word, just where he should have turned the
leaf, the writing ceases. Latterly the writing
had grown less symmetrical, less accurate ;
his powers seem to have been ebbing, and
at last the final summons came. He must
leave his willing toil, and must go without
even setting hand to the three outstanding
parts of his little book. The arguments
thus left untouched were : " The wise man
ruleth his passions," " The wise man feareth
not death," and " How wisdom is gained."
But it may well be that the old man's
sudden silence spoke more intimately to the
son than many quotations could have done.

Of the son we know nothing. Here and
there in the manuscript we find an alteration
which might suggest that he had begun, as
his father bade him in the letter prefixed to
the book, to correct some mistakes ("gram-
matices vitia "), for the hand seems different.
But such marks are few and far between,
and it is hard from such small tokens to
know clearly what manner of man he was
that made them, or what use he made of this
last and dearest bequest of his father's.
Who shall interpret them ? or by what art of
magic shall we, with symbols so few, so
slight, call back his spirit from its " vasty
deep," and see him, as it were, face to face ?



Comngsbp hospital, J^ereforD.

By W. John Burn.




|S the visitor proceeds down Wide-
marsh Street (formerly called Wig-
marsh or Wigmoremarsh), Here-
ford, it is not long before a low
and ancient stone building is reached. This
is Coningsby Hospital. The hospital was
founded in 161 7 by Sir Thomas Coningsby,
knight, of Hampton Court, some seven miles
from Hereford. The founder sought to pro-
vide a comfortable retreat for "two of the
most valuable characters in society, though
frequently the most neglected, the worn-out
soldier and the superannuated faithful ser-
vant"

The necessary qualifications for election
are:

1. Three years' service, either on land or

sea, or a residence of seven years in
domestic service with one family.

2. Candidates must be natives of Here-

fordshire, Worcestershire, or Shrop-
shire.

It was the intention of Sir Thomas
Coningsby to settle certain lands for the use
of the charity, but finally he contented him-
self with leaving the sum of ,200 per annum
for the purpose.

This is to be regretted, as the endowment
has depreciated so seriously, that the income
derived from it grows more slender each
year. Bread, cheese, butter, milk, ale, and
faggots, with dinners in the hall on Sundays,
Christmas Day, Candlemas Day, Easter Day,
Whitsunday, and All Saints' Day, were appor-
tioned at the foundation ; but these have
been commuted for a cash payment. The
Commander, however, provides an annual
dinner for the inmates on Old Christmas
Day.

At the foundation of the hospital it was
ordered "that the Corporal and Company,
in all their speeches and writings of and to
himself, and all subsequent owners of Hamp-
ton Court, should call him by the title of
1 Commander of the Hospital,' in memory of
the more ancient military society formerly
resident there."

Each inmate on his admission to the
hospital, and every second year on the eve



S4*



CONINGSBY HOSPITAL, HEREFORD.



of the Feast of Pentecost, is presented with a
suit of ginger-coloured fustian ; every third
year, also, he receives a scarlet cloak and a
hat. This, however, does not faithfully carry
out the founder's intention. The original
deed of endowment says, that each inmate is
to have a fustian suit of ginger colour, of a
soldier-like fashion, seemly laced, a hat with
a band of white, red slippers, a soldier-like
sword, with a belt to wear " as he goeth
abroad." From the dress of the inmates the
hospital is sometimes called the Red coat
Hospital.
A further clause enacts that, whenever



way of which is the canting escutcheon of the
Coningsby family, three conies, or rabbits, in
punning allusion to the family name. The
shield is surmounted by the Coningsby crest,
a plume of ostrich feathers. The courtyard
is surrounded on three sides by the houses
of the hospitallers ; the remaining (north)
side is occupied by the chapel and the dining-
hall. The dormer-window is that of the sick
ward. The belfry formerly contained two
bells, but only one now remains.

Over the keystone of several arches will be
found the letters T p c rudely caned. They
are the initials of the founder, Sir Thomas




CONINGSBY HOSPITAL, KROM THE EAST.



the company go to the cathedral church
or any other public place in the city of Here-
ford, the chaplain, with his Bible, and the
corporal, are to walk first, the servitors fol-
lowing two and two, arranged as the corporal
thinks fit.

At the south-west corner of the building
is a decayed Norman archway, flanked by
equally decayed columns, the capitals of
which are also in a ruinous condition.
This was the entrance of the original
Templars' Hall.

The courtyard of the hospital is entered
by a low, narrow arched way, over the door-



Coningsby, and Philippa, his wife. The
chaplain's house, now occupied by a servitor,
stands in the north-east angle, nearest the
chapel. The chapel has lately been restored.
In the east window are the crest and initials
of the Coningsby family. Service is per-
formed on Tuesdays and Fridays.

The dining-hall, or refectory, adjoins the
chapel, and forms the western part of that
side of the hospital. In the illustration of
the courtyard the entrance to the refectory
(now little more than a lumber-room) will be
seen. Over the door is the cony, sur-
mounted by three feathers ; and lying near



CONINGSB Y HOSPITAL, HEREFORD.



343



the door is a stone escutcheon of the
Coningsby family. It is the intention of the
Commander, Mr. J. H. Arkwright, to fix
this on one of the walls. The corporal's
house adjoins the refectory, and a door leads
from it to the store-room.

Each house, of which there are twelve,
consists of one room on the ground-floor and
two upstairs.

From the hospital communication was ob-



three friars preachers to Hereford, and by
the favour of Lord William Cantilupe they
set up an oratory at Portfields (still the name
of a district in the city), but Bishop Thomas
Cantilupe took that place from the friars."

The remains now consist of the walls of
the refectory, cells, staircase, windows, and
part of the Prior's house, overgrown with ivy
and wallflower. The walls are in no in-
stance more than 30 inches thick, the western




CONINGSBY HOSPITAL, THE COURTYARD.



tained with the chapel by means of sliding
doors. The sick could thus join in the
service as they lay in their beds.

Leaving the courtyard, and passing under
a similar archway to the one previously de-
scribed, entrance is gained to the gardens,
and the ruins of the Blackfriars Monastery.

There is little evidence remaining to show
that this was once the residence of any
religious body. Leland tells us that " there
came in the time of Sir Thomas Cantilupe,



walls being in the most perfect condition
The greatest length of the building is 89 feet,
and the width a little over 31 feet.

In the north wall is a wide, low doorway,
with a Transition arch, and guarded by
barbed chains of recent introduction. There
is also a window, which had, apparently, four
lights. The east wall has two windows of
three lights, with geometrical heads. A low,
wide doorway leads to gardens.

At the south-east corner are the remains of



344



FURTHER NOTES ON MANX FOLKLORE.



a circular stone staircase, which probably led
to the dormitory.

The west walls are the highest, and con-
tain a lancet window, a doorway, and a fire-
place.

In the gardens which surround the monas-
tery stands the well-known Blackfriars Cross.
It is surrounded by a privet hedge, and
mounted by a flight of four steps. The
sides are open, and from the centre springs
the shaft of the cross. Ramifications from
the shaft form a groined ceiling. The cross
was restored by Sir Gilbert Scott, some years
ago. Its new appearance gives it a very in-
congruous appearance, but it is hoped that
the mellowing hand of Time will make it
harmonize with its surroundings.




jTurtfter Jftotes on ^anr
jFoifciore.

By A. W. Moo RE, M.A.

Author of Surnames and Place- Names of the Isle of Man ;
Diocesan History o/Sodor and Man ; Folklore of the Isle
of Man, etc.

regards the performances of any
special sorcerer, sorceress, or witch
in the Isle of Man there is not
much evidence. Particulars have
been given about the sorceress* Caillagh-
iiy-G hue shag* Of another Cailleagh, the
Caillagh-tiy-Faihteag,o\ "Prophetess Witch, "t
the following story was related by an old
woman still living :

" I wonther now if ye aver hard tell of th'
ould yarn of Caillagh-ny-Faihteag ? There's
some ones makin' out the name wass goin'
on a woman, and some others that he or she
did'n hail from this side* at all. But what's
the use of talkin' ? Are'n they wantin' to
upset every mortal thing in these times ?
But I'm not takin' much account of theer
rubbage. I'm for houlin' on to the oul'
things still, and you'll see this yarn iss every
bit as thrue as all the res' I'm tellin' ye.
You'll maybe have hard of Ballaquane on the
Kirk Michael Road, a piece out of Peel ?
In oul' times it chanced that theer wass no

* Folk-lore, p. 89. t Though applied to a man.
\ This part of the island. Rubbish.



son to inherit that property, and a fine one it
wass, sure enough, in them days, and so the
daughter come to be the heiress, as the sayin'
iss. She wass'n for marryin', tho', at all,
for none of the young men would plase her
till one come over from Scotland called Cail-
laghny-Faihteag. I've hard another name
goin' on him too, a quare one enough
Carrolleys MacGitherick ; but I don't know in
my sinses which is the right one. It wass a
cousin of an aunt by marriage a relation of
my own, you'll understan', and claver at oul'
stories that wass sayin' this wass his name
in Scotland, and it was only because the
Manx cud'n pronounce it that they changed
it like. Anyway, it wass him she would be
for marryin', and no other, no matther how
mad her folks was, an' mad they war, sure
enough. When they got spliced, the father
an' mawther would'n have nawthin* more to
say to them jus' because he was a sthranger,
you understan' an' sent her off without none
of the fortune that was hers by right. So she
tuk off with her man to a place near Rhenass
that is called Cronk-ny-Faihteag, afther him,
to this day. It was then, I'm thinkin', that
the Caillagh cussed the whole lot of them
her people, I'm manin'.* He said that some
of them would be lame, some blind, an' some
mad, an' that not an acre of their lands
would be lef to them. All these things has
raley come to pass. There was other things
he said, too, not consarnin' them, that's come
middlin' thrue and some that has'n anyway,
not yit. That Ballaquane would one day be
in the middle of Peel was one of his sayin's ;
and, sure enough, that's the way the town is
growin', and it'll maybe not be long before
that comes to pass. Another was, that theer
would be a cuttin' at a place called the ' Ling
Hole,' in the river Neb, that would turn the
river from its coorse, and that the river would
run with blood. It's quare, but the railroad
made a cuttin' jus' in that exac' spot, and
turned the coorse of the river. It's jus'
befoore ye get into Peel. Another wass, that
the sayf would come up as high as Peel
market-place, which it bid fair to do in my
young days, when big houses wass washed
clane away. But now that yandher break-
water is built, it'll hardly be, not in our day,
any way. The las' sayin' iss to be hoped



* Meaning.



f Sea.



FURTHER NOTES ON MANX FOLKLORE.



345



won't come thrue nayther.* It wass that
there would be a battle between Manx an'
Irish over on Craig Mallin rocks, and that
gulls should drink Manx blood over theer.
We'll be ready, any way, for the Irish if they
come, the durts,f that's one blessin', for
there's a fine gun battery now jus' on the
very place Caillagh-ny-Faihteag said the
slaughter would be." (C. Graves.)

A notorious witch, called Margayd-y-
Stomachey, " Margaret-the-Stomacher," from
her costume, lived at Cornaa, in the parish of
Manghold, at the end of the eighteenth cen-
tury. She is said to have been a tall, power-
ful woman, as strong as two men. She had
a very bad reputation. Our informant's father
remembered seeing her when he was a boy.



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