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l av/ji<j)6pr)o~i<; OVK e

XV. Too Be "Od&vi Trpwrov fiev dcra<p r/?, axrrrep
rrepl rwv rij\iKovra)v, rrpocrerrecre

eVe! Be /ecu rerputfjievoi rives rjKov K rrs

aTra / yye'\,\ovT<;, TOU? [lev (j)L\,ov<$ TITTOV av
eOav/jiacrev OVK ewvras airayopeveiv, a\\a Oappelv
TrapaK\evof*ei>ov<$, TO &e TO)V o-Tpariwrwv irdOo^
arracrav virepeftaKe TTIGTIV. oo? ovSet9 airr}\6ev,
2 ov&e /jLerearr) 77/309

TO Ka6^ avrov rjTWv airejvwa-fjievov rov r)ye/j,vo$,

tVl Ovpas rj\Qov, efcd\ovv
avroKpdropa, irpoe\6ovTOS eyivovro Trpoarpo-
TTCLIOI, /uera /3o?}9 teal l&earias ^eupSiv rjirrovro,
TrpocreTriTTTov, eBd/cpvov, eBeovro /jur) <70a9 ejKara-
\nrelv, /JLIJ Trpo&ovvai Tot9 7ro\6/ito<9, d\\d ffitfj

av e/jLTrvewcri Ka rv^a^ /ca ora)fj.acriv
3 avrov. ravra O/JLOV rrdvres ifcerevov. ei9 Be row

dvarelvas TO (09 Kal elrroiv,
., Kalcrap, ovrcos vrrep crov Traparcray-



a, rovra)v ovBev 7reK\a<T6 rov "OOcova,
q) Be Kal KaOecrrwrt, rrpoaairrw rravra^oae
T9 o-v/ret9 rreptayaywv, " Tavrrjv" elrcev,
(Tvcrrpanwrai,, rrjv rj/jiepav e/eeivijSj ev rj
rrpwrov erroirjcrare avroKpdropa, {laKapiayrepav
rjyov/jiai, roiovrovs opwv V/JLCLS Kal rrfkiKOvrwv
4 d^iov/jii>o^. d\\d /JLJJ fieL&vos drcoarepelre, rov
djroOavelv vrrep roaovrwv Kal roiovrcov
el T^9 Pcofiaitov rjye/j-ovias a^iO9 yeyova,
Bel fie T?;9 e/nr)$ ^v^rj^ vrrep T?;9 rrarpiBos dfyeiBelv.
olBa rrjv vitiffv To?9 evavriois ovre /3e/3aiav ovre

OTHO xiv. 2-xv. 4

bodies should be collected and heaped up in such a
manner is not easy to determine.

XV. To Otho there came at first, as is usual in
such catastrophes, an indistinct rumour of the
result ; but presently some of his soldiers who had
been wounded came with direct tidings of the
battle. Here one cannot so much wonder that his
friends would not let him give up all for lost, and
exhorted him to be of good cheer ; but the feelings
of his soldiers towards him passed all belief. Not a
man of them left him, or went over to the victorious
side, or was seen to despair of the emperor's cause
and seek his own safety, but all alike came to his
door, called upon him as emperor, became his
humble suppliants when he appeared before them,
seized his hands with cries and prayers, fell down
before him, wept, begged him not to abandon them,
and not to betray them to their enemies, but to use
their lives and persons in his service as long as they
had breath. Such were their united supplications.
And one obscure soldier held up his sword, and with
the words " Know, O Caesar, that all of us stand in
this fashion at thy side," slew himself.

None of these things, however, broke Otho down,
but looking all around with a countenance composed
and cheerful, he said : " This day, my fellow-soldiers,
I deem more blessed than that on which ye first
made me emperor, since I see you so devoted to me
and am judged worthy of so high honour at your
hands. But do not rob me of a greater blessed-
ness that of dying nobly in behalf of fellow-citizens
so many and so good. If I was worthy to be Roman
emperor, 1 ought to give my life freely for my
country. 1 know that the victory of our adversaries

3 11


lo"xvpav ovaav. dirayyeXKovo'L rrjv etc Mixrt
ov TTO\\WV rAo)v 6Soi>

5 ijSrj Kara/Baivovaav eirl TOV 'ASpiav. 'Acrid real
^Lvpia teal AiyvirTos real ra 7ro\e^ovvTa 'louSat'oi?

r\ re crvyK\rjTo<^ Trap 1

teal r&Kva T&V evavricov /ca

OVK ecm TT^O? ' AvvijSav ovSe Tlvppov ov&e K//A-
/3/30U5 o 7r6\f.iosu7rep T7}?'IraX/a?, aXXa'Pco/jLaioi^
7ro\6fjiovvTs afJL^QTepoi Tqv TTarpiSa real vucwvrts
aSiKOv/^ev /cal VLKWJJLGVOI. teal yap TO a<ya9ov TOV
6 rpaTOvvTOs Keivr) xareov eari. Tria-revcrare TTO\-
Xa/a9 OTI Bvva/jLat tcaXXiov airoOavelv TJ ap^eLv.
ov yap opw TI TrjXiKOVTov 'Pay/jiaiois o^eXo?

tepaTij(ras, rjXiteov eVtSou? e^avrov inrep 10'
/eal ofjiovoias, real TOV ^ Trd\iv rj/^epav
v eTTibelv TTJI> 'IraXtai/."
XVI. ToiavTa StaXe^et'?, teal Trpbs TOVS GVL-
<TTd(j6ai teal Trapa/edXeiv eirij^eLpovvTa^ a
crd/jLevos, TOV? re <pi\ovs cWXeuey a
real TMV (TuyfcXrjTirecov TOVS irapovTas' rot?
Trapovcnv eVecrreXXe teal ypd/^/jiaTa Trpbs ra?
7roXi9, OTTO)? Trapareo/nicrdtocriv eWt/^w? teal yuera
2 da(j)a\eia<;. TT poo-ay 6/nevos Be TOV dSeXfpL^ovv
KOKKIJIOV, TL fJieipcLKiov ovTa, Bappelv 7rapercd\i
teal IJLTJ SeSievai OVLTX\IOV, ov teal (JLrjTepa real
yeveav teal yvvaitea auro?, wcrvrep olreeiwv teij&6-
, $ia(f)V\dai. Sia TOVTO yap ovSe

eo~7ro,r)o~iv, a)? avvp^oi repaTro~avTOs avTou,
fJiTf TrpoaaTToXoiTO TTTaicravTO^' " 'Ereelvo Se,"
elirev, ' o) iral, vrapeyyvw/jLai aoi


OTHO xv. 4-xvi. 2

is neither decisive nor assured. I have word that
our forces from Mysia are already approaching the
Adriatic, and are only a few days distant from us.
Asia, Syria, Egypt, and the armies fighting against
the Jews, are on our side ; the senate, too., is with
us, as well as the wives and children of our
adversaries. Still, it is not to defend Italy against
Hannibal, or Pyrrhus, or the Cimbri, that our war is
waged, but both parties are waging war against
Romans, and we sin against our country whether we
conquer or are conquered. For the victor's gain is
our country's loss. Believe me when I insist that I
can die more honourably than I can reign. For I
do not see how my victory can be of so great
advantage to the Romans as my offering up my life
to secure peace and concord, and to prevent Italy
from beholding such a day again."

XVI. So he spake, and after resisting firmly those
who tried to oppose and dissuade him, he ordered
his friends to depart, as well as the men of senatorial
rank who were present ; to those who were absent
he sent the same command, and wrote to the cities
urging them to escort the travellers on their way
with honour and in safety. Then he sent for his
nephew Cocceius, who was still a youth, and bade
him be of good cheer and not fear Vitellius, whose
mother and wife and children he had kept safe and
cared for as though they were his own. He had
desired, he said, to make him his son, but had put
off the adoption, in order that the youth might share
his power after he had prevailed, and not perish with
him after he had failed. '-'And now, my boy," he
said, " this is my last charge to thee ; do not alto-

voi,. xi. r 3 J 3


Tri\a0ea0ai TravTarracri pyre ayav

ori Kaierapa 9elov ecr^e?."
3 TevbfJievos Be drro TOVTWV /mera uiKpbv ij/covae
0opv/3ov Kal /3o?}9 errl Ovpais. 01 yap crrpariMTai

TO)V <TVyK\r)TlKMV TOfc? a7TLOV(TL &tr)7Tlk.QW O.7TO-

crfyd^eiv, el pr) Trapa^evovaiv, a\\a ol^crovrai
rbv avrofcpdropa Kara\nrovTe^. 7rd\iv ovv jrpo-
virep TWV dv&pwv (froftrjdeh, Kal TOL*?
ov/ceri Se^Ti/co? oi)Se Trpao?, d\\a
is, teal ^ter' opyrjs et? TO Oopvftovv
s, cnre\6elv eTroiijerei' e'i


XVII. "HS?; be ecrTre/oa? oi/cr^? ervjr>?<re,
6\iyov vSaros, Sveiv OVTWV avra)

eKarepou KarefjidvOave TO crTracr/ta TTO\VV

\\r/ > / 5' n ' ?^' v . * '-\

KUL TO erepov aireowKe, uarepov be t? Ta? ayica\a<$

dva\aft(bv TOU? ot/ceTa?
\o(>povov/j.evo$ Sieve^e rwv
TT\OV, TO) Se e\aTTOv, ov
d<peiB(*)v, d\\d TO tear d%iav Kal TO
2 7rt/ieX&)9 (f)v\dTT(i)i>.


alcrddveaQai, /3a^e&>? avTOv Kad-
opdpov Se /eaXecra? dTre\ev0epov c5
TCL rrepl TOU? crvyK\ijTtKovs, fiaOelv
e' Kal TrvOofJievos yeyovivai TO?? direp-

Troei Tot9 crTpaTicoTais

ei, IJMJ @t\ei<? KaKws L/TT' avTcov aTroOavelv a>9
3 av[jL7rpdi;as TOV OdvaTov" ee\9ovTos Se TOV
avdpctiTrov TO i<po<> VTroaTtjcras opOov d
Tal<? ^epai, Kal TrepirrecrMV avu>Bev, oaov

OTHO xvi. 2-xvn. 3

gather forget, and do not too well remember, that
thou hadst a Caesar for an uncle."

This done, after a little he heard tumult and
shouting at his door. For as the men of senatorial
rank were departing, the soldiers threatened to kill
them if they did not remain, instead of forsaking
their emperor. Once more, then, he went forth,
since he feared for the men's safety. He was no
longer gentle and suppliant, however, but stern of
countenance, and looking angrily round upon the
most turbulent of the soldiers, he made them go
away submissively and in fear.

XVII. It was now evening, and being thirsty, he
drank a little water. He had two swords, and after
examining the blade of each for a long time, he
laid one of them aside, but put the other under
his arm, and then called his servants. These he
addressed kindly, and distributed money to them,
more to one and less to another, not as though
lavish with what was no longer to be his, but with
strict regard to moderation and the claims of merit.
After sending the servants away, he betook himself
to rest for the remainder of the night, and slept so
soundly that his chamberlains heard his heavy breath-
ing. Just before dawn he called a freedman with
whom he had arranged for the departure of the
senators, and bade him learn how they fared. And
when he was told that all of them had what was
needful for their journey, " Go thou, then," he said
to the freedman, '' and show thyself to the soldiers,
unless thou wishest them to put thee to a miserable
death for helping me to die." Then, when the man
had gone out, with both hands he held his sword
upright beneath him, and fell upon it, giving but a



fJiovov rjcrOero TOV rrovou teal rot? e/cro?
irapea-^ev. dpa^evwv Be TWV TraiBwv
r]v evOvs CLTTCIV TO (jTpaTOTre%ov Kol TTJV

TTO\,IV 67T6t% K\av8 [LOS' KCU /XGTa /So?}? Ol (TTpCLTl-

wrai eia'tTreaov tVt ra? 6vpas /cat a>\ofyvpovTO,

TOV avrofcpdropa /MjSe KGo~\.vcravTa<; CLTTO-
4 Oavelv vjrep avrcoy. cnreaTr) Se ov$el<$ TMV fear*
eyyvs OVTWV TWV TroXe/ita)^, a\\a

~ \ \


'J V TOt? OTrXoj? Ol

i fiacrTCKrai TO Xe^o? emyavpov/jLevoi. TWV &e
a\\(t)i> OL fJLev TO rpav/jia TOV veicpov rca,T6(pi\ovv
TrpocnrLTrTOVTSS, ol Be T^TTTOVTO TWV %eipwv, ol Be
Trpoa-e/cvvovv Troppw6ev. evioi Be TTJ rrvpa
Bas v(j)VTs eai^TOu? aTrecr^a^a^, ovBev eVSr/


OVTC Treiaa'6ai Beivbv VTTO TOV KpaTovvTOS BeBio-
5 T?. a\\ eoi/ce fJL f r)$evi TWV TrcoTTOTe rvpavvtov f)
fiaai\ea)v Beivbs ouTfo? epcos eyyevecrdat, KOI
Trept^avr)*} TOV ap-%Li>, a>? ettelvoL TOV
icai VTTCIKOVGLV "QOtovos T)pdcr67jaav
o TTO^O? 7rpov\L7rev, dX\d

XVI 1 1. Td /j.ev ovv a\\a rcaipov oUelov e
\.%trr}vcit.' Kpv^cLVTe^ Be Trj yrj TO, \ei^lravd TOV
Juwvos OVTC jJLeyeOei o~rjfJiaTO<$ OVT emypcKpfjs 107
bytcw TOV Tafiov e-rroLrjcrav eTri$6ovov. elBov Be
ev L>pigi,\\(t) yevop.evo^ KOI /jLvrj/jLa LLeTpiov Kal

OTHO xvn. 3-xvin. i

single groan as he felt the pang. The servants
outside heard his groan and raised a wailing cry, and
at once the whole camp and the city were filled
with lamentation. The soldiers, with loud cries,
burst in at the door, and then bewailed their
emperor, full of anguish., and reviling themselves
because they had not watched over him and pre-
vented him from dying in their behalf. Not one of
his followers went away, although the enemy were
near, but after attiring the body and preparing a
funeral pyre for it, they escorted it thither with
military honours, and full of exultation were those
who won the privilege of carrying the bier. Of the
rest, some embraced the emperor's body and kissed
his wound, others grasped his hands, and others still
made him their obeisance at a distance. There
were some, too, who first put their torches to the
pyre and then slew themselves, not, so far as could
be known, because they were either indebted to
the dead for favours, or fearful of punishment at
the hands of the victor. Nay, it would seem
that no king or tyrant was ever possessed by so
dire and frenzied a passion for ruling as was that
of these soldiers for being ruled and commanded
by Otho ; not even after his death did their yearn-
ing for him leave them, nay, it abode with them
until it finally changed into an incurable hatred for

XVIII. Well, then, the rest of the story is now in
place. They buried the remains of Otho, and made
a tomb for them which neither by the great size of
its mound nor by the boastfulness of its inscription
could awaken jealousy. I saw it when I was at
Brixillum. It is a modest memorial and the inscrip-


TJV e7Tiypa(f)r)V OVTW<$ e^ovcrav, el

2 ' P^TreOave Be "O0wv eTr) /Jiev 7rra /cal TpiaKovra
ftidoa'as, ap^as Be Tpeis /JLT/va^, d7ro\nra)v Be fir)
%eipova<; yu-7/8' eXarrof? rwv TOV /3iov avrov

yap ov&ev eTrieifcea-Tepov Ne/3&)^o? aTreOavev evye-
vecrrepoi 1 .

3 Ot Be (Trpariwrai IToXXtwi'o? TOV erepov TWV
7rdp")(wv 6/jLvveiv evdvs els TOV QviTe\\iov K\v-
cravTos eBvcrxepatvov fcai TrvOofievoi TWV crvy-


d<f)f]Kav, Ovepyivitp Be 'PoixfiM trpdy^aTa Trapei-
-^ov afia rot? 6VXot9 eX^d^re? eVl TrjV ol/ciav /cal
KaTaKa\ovvTs avOis Kal /ceXeuo^re? dp^eiv rj

4 Trpecrfteveiv virep CLVTWV. o Be TTJV rjyefjioviav
r)TT(i)/jL6vti)V rrapdXafielv, veviKtjKOTayi' TcpoTepov
fjir) 6e\r)cras, ^aviKov yyeiTO' Trpeafteveiv Be TT/^O?
TOU? Tep/Aavovs BeBi,(i)S, TroXXa {3e/3idcr6ai rcapd
yvw/jLijv LTT' CLVTOV BOKOVVTCLS, e\ade Bi eTepatv
dvpwv exTroBwv 7rotr;<Ta? eavTov. a>? Be TOVTO
eyvwcrav ol crTpaTiwrai, TOU? re op/cou?

Kal roi? Treyot TW Ke/cuvav TrpocreOcvTO

Bekker adopts Aai/iO(r, the correction of

OTHO xvin. 1-4

tion on it, in translation, runs thus: "To the
memory of Marcus Otho."

Otho died at the age of thirty-seven years, but he
had ruled only three months, and when he was gone,
those who applauded his death were no fewer or
less illustrious than those who blamed his life. For
though he lived no more decently than Nero, he
died more nobly.

As for his soldiers, when Pollio, their remaining
prefect, 1 ordered them to swear allegiance at once
to Vitellius, they were incensed; and when they
learned that some of the senators were still there,
they let all of them go except Verginius Rufus,
and him they annoyed by going to his house in
military array and inviting him again, 2 and even
urging him, to assume the imperial power, or to go on
an embassy in their behalf. But Verginius thought
it would be madness for him to accept the imperial
dignity now, when they were defeated, after refusing
it before, when they were victorious, and as for
going on an embassy to the Germans, he feared to
do so, since they felt that he had often done them
violence beyond all reason; and so he stole away
unobserved by another door. When the soldiers
learned of this, they consented to take the oaths,
and joined the forces of Caecina, thus obtaining

1 The other was Proculus, (vii. 4 ; .xiii. 1).

2 See The Galba, vi. 3 ; x. 2 ff.

3 T 9


The Roman numerals refer to the volume, the Arabic to the page. Numbers
marked off by semicolons belong to lemmata omitted for the sake of brevity.

A name without a number following two or more with numbers indicates
uncertainty as to the identity of the person referred to.

Bergk is used for Bergk, Poetae Lyrici Graeci, 4th ed.; Kock for Kock,
Comicorum Atticorum Fragmenta; Nauck for Nauck, Tragicorum Graecorum
Fragmenta, 2nd ed.

ABANTES, Euboean tribe referred to

by Homer and Archilochus, 1. 10
Abantidas, aimed at tyranny of

Sicyon, XI. 4 ; slain, 6
Abas, river where Pompey defeated

Albanians, V. 208
Aboeocritus, boeotarch defeated at

Chaeroneia by Aetoliaus, XI. 34
Abolus, river where Timoleon defeated

Mamercus, VI. 340
Abra, attendant of Pompeia, VII.

152, 464
Abriorix (Ambiorix) destroys army of

Titurius and Cotta, VH. 500
Abuletes, imprisoned by Alexander,

VII. 414
Abydos, scene oi naval battle, iv.

Academus, gave name to Academy,

Academy, near Athens, XI. 78;

beautified by Cimon, II. 446;

ravaged by Sulla, iv. 362. See

also I. 406 "
Academy, new, rep. by Philo, Cleito-

machus, Carneades, VII. 88, n. 606
Academy, old, rep. by Antiochus of

Ascalon, II. 606

Acamantis, tribe of Pericles, ill. 6
Acanthians, their treasury, iv. 234,

Acarnania, overrun by Pericles, III.

60 ; given to Pyrrhus, IX. 360

Acarnanians, defeated by Agesilaus,
V. 62 ; fight for Antigonus, X. 114

Acastus, son of Pelias, eaten by worms,
IV. 410

Acca Larentia, wife of Paustulus, I.

Acerrae, city north of Po, V. 446

Acestodorus, quoted, II. 38

Achaeans, helped by Agesilaus, V. 62;
league against Philip, vn. 40;
league joined by Sicyon, XI. 20;
choose Aratus general, 34 ; alliance
with Alexander, 38; joined by
Corinth, 52; by Megara, Troezen,
Epidaurus, 54, 58; joined by
Cleonae, 64; ask aid of Sparta,

X. 30; joined by Megalopolis,

XI. 68; allied with Aetolians, 74;
joined by Aegina, Hermione,
Arcadia, 78 ; by Argos and Phlius,
80; by Mantineia, 82; war with
Sparta, X. 54, 58, 62, 80, 84, XI. 86,
90 ; aided by Antigonus, X. 266 ;
recover Argos, XT. 102; war with
Aetolians, X. 126, XI. 108; Philo-
poernen cavalry leader, X. 27-' ;
invite Philip, XI. 108; defeat
Machanidas, X. 280, 284; with
Romans against ftabis, 292 ; against
Philip, 334 ; exiles restored, n. 326.
See also X. 274, 314, 360, 370

Achaeans, Phthiotic, III. 56, V. 418,
130, X. 350

3 2I


Achaeans' harbour, in Troad, II. 506
Achaicus, surname of Mumniius,

IX. 464

Acharnae, Attic deme, II. 66, 252
Acheloiis river, III. 60
Achillas, has Pompey killed, V. 316 ;

wars on Caesar, VII. 558 ; executed,

V. 324
Achilles, defeats Paris, I. 78; deified

in Epeirus, IX. 346 ; slain by Paris,

IV. 452

Achilles, rescues infant Pyrrhus,

IX. 350
Achradina, strongest part of Syracuse,

V. 484, VI. 62, 66, 76, etc.
Acilius, friend of Brutus, VI. 176
Acilius, soldier of Caesar, vil. 478
Acilius, C., quoted, I. 158; interprets

Greek, II. 370
Acilius Glabrio, M', defeats Antiochus,

etc., II. 334, 340, IV. 364, X. 366
Acontium, mountain in Greece, IV.

380, 388

Acrae, in Sicily, VI. 58
Acrillae,in Sicily, V. 482
Acrocoriuthus, X. 82, 90, XI. 34, 36,

64, 76, 102
Acron, slain by Eomulus, I. 134, 190,

V. 454
Acropolis of Athens, It. 28, 54, 416,

446,612, III. 42, IX. 338
Acrotatus (1), sou of Cleomenes,

father of Areus, X. 10
Acrotatus (2), son of Areus, slain at

Megalopolis, IX. 434, X. 10
Acruriura, mountain in Phocis, VIII.


Actaeon (1), Plataean hero, II. 246
Actaeon (2), torn to pieces by dogs,

Actaeon (3), torn to pieces by lovers,


Acte, joins Cleomenes, XI. 94; Deme-
trius, IX. 58
Actium sea-fight, IX. 278, VI. 246;

V. 174
Acuphis, made ruler by Alexander,

vil. 390

Ada, queen of Caria. vil. 286
Adeimantus (1), Athenian archon,

Adeimantus (2), Athenian general at

Aegospotami,iv. 106
Adiabeni, support Ti Cranes, II. 552,


Adiutrix, legion of Otho, XI. 302
Admetus (1), loved by Apollo, I.

Admetus (2), king of Molossiaus,

shelters Themistocles, II. 64
Adonia festival, described, III. 256,

IV. 48
Adramyttium, home of Xenocles,

VII. 90
Adranum, saved by Timoleon, VI. 286.

Adranus, god honoured in Sicily, VI,


Adrasteia, mountain range, II. 496
Adrastus, helped by Theseus, I. 66,

VII. 150

Adria, Tuscan city, II. 128
Adria, northern sea, II. 128
Adria, where Philistus wrote history,

VI. 24
Adria? garrisoned bv Antigonus, S3.

Adrian, officer under Lucullus, II.


Adriatic sea, II. 198
Adultery, unknown at Sparta, I. 252 ;

Solon's law, 466
Aeacidae, II. 44 ; IX. 432
Aeacides, father of Pyrrhus, IX. 58,

346, 350
Aeacus, described, I. 20, VII. 224;

sanctuary at Aegina, 70
Aeantid tribe, lost 52 at Plataea,

II. 272

Aedepsus hot springs, IV. 408
Aediles, two kinds, IX. 470; IV. 158
Aedui, rebel against Caesar, VII. 506
Aegae (1), little Aeolic citadel, II.

Aegae (2), garrisoned by Pyrrhus,

IX. 432
Aegean, made free sea by Cimon,

II. 428

Aegeid, Attic tribe, III. UoJ, IV. 56
Aegeus, his history, I. 6, 24, 32, 44,

196, 200

Aegialia,littleisland, X. 118
Aegia?, banker of Sicyon, XI. 40
Aegina, II. 44, IV. 252, VII. 2, 64,

Aeginetans, attacked by Athens,

IT. 10; 46; 52; in. 84; expelled by

Athenians, 98; 230; restored by

Lysander, IV. 268; join Achaean

league, XI. 78


Aegium, attached to Rome by Cato

Major, II. 336; X. 86; 106; XI. 84,

96; 120

Aegle, loved by Thesens, I. 40, 66
Aegospotami, Lysander defeats

Athenians, IV. 106, 254, 258,

XI. 176
Aegyptians, I. 318; months in year,

368; wheel, 356; revolt from

Persia, n.84; send grain to Athens,

III. 108

Aelia, wife of Sulla, IV. 344
Aelii, their poverty, VI. 366, 432
Aelius, Sextus, consul with Flamini-

nus, X. 324
Aelius Tubero, married Aemilius

Paulus' daughter, VI. 366, 426, 432
Aemilia (1), mother of Romulus by

Mars, I. 92
Aemilia (2), wife of Scipio Magnus,

VI. 358
Aemilia (3), wife of Glabrio, then of

Pompey, IV. 432, V. 134
Aemilii, patrician family, I. 334,

VI. 358

Aemilius, common crier, VI. 454
Aemilius, M., elected consul, II. 206
Aemilius Lepidus, M., stone bridge

over Tiber, 1.338; VI. 454
Aemilius Papus, Q., consul with

Fabricius, IX. 410
Aemilius Paulus, Lucius (1), death at

Cannae, in. 158 f., VI. 358
Aemilius Paulus, Lucius (2), son of

preceding, VI. 358 ; aedile, augur,

360; war in Spain, 362 ; divorces

Papiria, children, 364; subdues

Ligurians, 366 ; general again< t

Perseus, 378; victory at Pydna,

400 f.; triumph, 440; two sons

die, 446 ; address to people, 448 ;

censor, 454; death, 456
Aemilius Scaurus, see " Scaurus."
Aenaria, island near Minturnae, IX.

566, 574
Aeneas, father of Romulus and

Aemilia, husband of Roma, I. 92;

descendants ruled in Alba, 90;

brought Palladium and Samo-

thracian images to Italy, II. 144;

founded Lavinium, iv. 188
Aenus, Thracian city, viu. 258
Aeolia, Nicogenes its wealthiest man,

II. 70
Aeolian, spoken in Phocis, II. 408

Aequians, defeated by Postumius
Tiburtus, II. 96 ; war on Rome,
176, 182; IV. 216
Aeropus (1), Macedonian, IX. 46
Aeropus (2), friend of Pyrrhus, IX.

Aeschines (1), of Lamptrae, plotted

with Persians, II. 252
Aeschines (2), the Socratic, quoted,

11.292,111.68, 92
Aeschines (3), orator, I. 430, VII. 8,

20, 30, 38, 52, 58
Aeschylus (1), kinsman of Timoleon,

vi. 270

Aeschylus (2), Argive, XI. 56
Aeschylus (3), defeated by Sophocles
died in Sicily, II. 430; VII. 242
Eleusinians, cited, I. 68
Persians (341-3), II. 40
Prometheus Loosed (Nauck 68),

V. 116
Seven against Thebes (395 f. and

435), I. 4 (592 f.), II. 220
Suppliants (226), 1. 116
(Bergk, II. 242), vil. 214
(Nauck, 107), IX. 84
Aesculapius, friend of Sophocles,

I. 320; temple in Epidaurus, V.

Aesion, on Attic orators, vil. 26
Aeson, Macedonian river near Pydna,

vi. 396
Aesop, talk with Solon, I. 482;

fables, m. 418, XI. 70, 88; V.

Aesop, tragedian imitated by Cicero

vu. 94
Aesuvian meadow, battle between

Tarquin and Romans, I. 522
Aethiopians, attacked by Perseus,

II. 410

Aethra, Theseus' mother, I. 8, 12, 16;
carried off by Hector, etc., 78

Aetolians, defe'at Athenians, III. 226 ;
destroy city of Oeniadae, alliance
with Antipater, vil. 366, XI. 8;
defeat Boeotians at Chaeroneia, 34;
driven from Pellene by Aratus, 70,
X. 32 ; allied with Achaeans, XI. 74 ;
invade Laconia, X. 88 ; war with
Demetrius, IX. 100: conquered,
364, XI. 94; war with Achaeans,

X. 126 ; defeat Aratus at Caphyae,

XI. 108; support Romans, X. 334,
338 ; at Cynoscephalae, 344 ; oppose

3 2 3


Flamininus, 346 f.; join Antiochus,

362, II. 340; kill Nabis, X. 296;

attacked by Acilius Qlabrio and

Philip, 364
Aerds, title of tyiants, II. 228,

IX. 370
Afranius, Pompey's legate in Spain,

VIII. 52 ; held Armenia, V. 204 ;

defeats Parthians, 208; subdues

Arabians about Amanus, 216 ;

consul, 228; defeated by Caesar,

in Spain, 290, VII. 530, 542 ; V. 286 ;

defeated at Thapsus, VII. 566
Africa, governed by Sextilius, IX. 576 ;

secured for Sulla by Pompey, V. 140 ;

province of Pompey, VII. 512; of

Cassias, VI. 168
African war, II. 310
"Africanus," Scipio's surname, IX.

Agamemnon, sacrificed daughter, V.

14 ; ten years taking Troy, III. 82 ;

V. 12 ; VIII. 2

Agariste, Pericles' mother, III. 6
Agatharcus, with Zeuxis,III. 40 ; with

Alcibiades, IV. 42
Agathocleia, Ptolemy's mistress, X.

Agathocles, of Syracuse, gives

daughter Lanassa to Pyrrhus,

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