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speak off-hand, 20 ; copied Pericles
in some things, 22 ; overcame
indistinctness and lisping by re-
citing speeches with pebbles in his
mouth, 26 ; humorous in extempore
rejoinders, 28

After outbreak of Phocian war
entered public life with credit,
28 f. ; was not a time server, but
capable of being bribed, 34;
prosecuted Antiphon and Thaoris
and had them executed, 36 ; wrote
speeches for others, 36 ; persistent
opponent of Philip, 38; incited
Athenians to drive Macedonians
out of Euboea, and to other acts
against Philip, 40; after Philip
took Elateia and occupied Phocis,
D. advised the people to cling to
Thebes, 42 ; arouses the allies to
fight Philip, but was not brave at
battle of Chaeroneia, 46 f.

Rejoices publicly on death of
Philip, 52 ; gets the Greeks to form
a league once more, and raises
opposition to Alexander, 54 ; after
destruction of Thebes his surrender
is demanded by Alexander, but he
is pardoned at intercession of
Demades, 56 f., Till. 182 ; supports
Agis the Spartan in his uprising,
VII. 58; successfully defends Ctesi-
phon against Aeschines, 58 ; accepts
bribe from Harpalus, 60; is con-
demned to pay fine of 50 talents
and imprisoned, escapes to Aegina,
64; on death of Alexander, sup-
ports rising against Antipater, 66 ;
recalled from exile, 68 ; after defeat
of Greeks at Crannon, escapes from

374



Athens, 70, VIII. 202 ; his surrender
demanded by Antipater, 204 ; con-
demned to death on motion of
Demades, vii. 70; dies by taking
poison in temple of Poseidon at
Calauria, 70 f ., viii. 210 ; is honoured
after death by the Athenians, vii.
76 ; Plutarch's " Life of Demos-
thenes " drawn from what written
or oral sources he could find, 6
78, I. 64

See also II. 308, VII. 56, 92, 142,
VIII. 156, 160, 164, 178, IX. 3S4

Sayings: VII. 20; 24, vm. 15C;
VII. 26; 28; 38; 56; 64; 68;
72 f.

Orations mentioned or cited :
Against Androtion, VII. 36
Against Aristocrates, 32, 36
Against Aristogeiton, 36
Against Meidias, 28, IV. 24
Against Timocrates, vii. 30
Concerning Halonnesus, 24
For the Immunities, 32, 36
For Phormion, 36
On the Crown (171f.), S;

(132 f.), 34; 32; 38
On the False Embassy, 38
Philippics, 32

" Demosthenes, Roman," term ap-
plied to Cato the Elder, II. 312
Demsstratus, moved that generals
on Sicilian expedition have full
powers, III. 252, iv. 46
Denarius, its value, why so called.

II. 124
Densus, Sempronius, only centurion

to defend Galba, XI. 264
Dercetaeu?, one of Antony's body

guard, IX. 314

Dercyllidas, Spartan general, being a

bachelor, snubbed by young man,

I. 248 ; waged war on Persians, XI.

174

Dercyllus, Athenian general, attempts

to arrest Nicanor, vm. 218
" De Senectute," by Cicero, II. 352,

X. 374

Deucalion (1), with Pyrrha said by
some to have established sanctuary
at Dodona and dwelt among
Molossians, IX. 346
Deucalion (2), son of Minos, de-
manded surrender of Daedalus:
slain by Theseus, I. 38



GENERAL INDEX TO ALL THE < LIVES'



Dexithea, mother of Romulus by
Aeneas, I. 92

Dexoiis, slew Megacles, companion of
Pyrrhus, IX. 398

" Diadematus," surname of one of
the Metelli ; why given, IV. 142

Diagoras, Olympian victor, V. 428

Dialectics, Latin terms for it pro-
vided by Cicero, VII. 184

Diamperes, gate of Argos, IX. 450

Diana, temple of, at Rome, X. 234

Dicaearchia, opposing factions in it
reconciled by Sulla, and code of
laws prescribed, iv. 440

Dicaearchus, I. 44, 74, V. 52

Dicomes, king of Getae, promised to
help Antony, IX. 280

Dictator, what he was, how ap-
pointed, etymology of the name,

II. 134, 170*, III. 126, V. 504; for-
bidden by ancient law to use horse
in the field, in. 126 ; IX. 156

Dictators: Fabius Euteo, 2nd dic-
tator with M. Junius, in. 146;
Caesar, VII. 130, 532, IX. 156;
2nd time, VII. 562; Camillus, II.
104; 2nd time, 158, 170; 3rd time,
180; 4th time, 194; 5th time, 94,
198; Quintus Capitolinus, 186;
Pabius Maximus, III. 12G f.; Quin-
tus Fulvius, V. 504; M. Junius,

III. 146; Minucias, V. 446; Sulla,

IV. 430; Postumius Tubertus, II.
96

Dictius, praetor, sends Sertorius as

military tribune to Spain, vni. 6
Didyma, plundered by pirates, V. 174
Didymus, grammarian, made reply

to Asclepiades re Solon's tables of

law, I. 404
" Dies Alliensis," named from disaster

at river Allia, II. 136, 140
Dies nefasti, some examples of, II.

136, 5GO

Dieutychidas, cited, I. 206
Dindymene, mother of the gods,

warns Themistocles, II. 82
Dinon, see " Deinon."
Diocleides, informer against Alci-

biades, IV. 54
Diocles (1), ruler of Megarians, lost

Elensis to Theseus, I. 20
Diocles (2), sou of Themistocles,

adopted by his grandfather

Lysander, II." 88



Diocles (3), Syrian, helps Aratus
capture the Acrocorinthus, XI.
40 f.

Diocles (4), of Peparethus, source for
Fabius Pictor, gives most generally
accepted story of Romulus and
founding of Rome, I. 96; first
to publish " Founding of Rome,"
112

Diodorus (1), the Topographer, cited,

I. 84; "On Tombs," II. 88; 450
Diodorus (2), son of Sophax, Libyan

king, had army of Olbianians and

Mycenaeans, VIII. 24
Diogeiton, Theban leader against

Alexander of Pherae after death

of Pelopidas, V. 430
Diogenes (1), of Sinope, has verbal

encounter with Dionysius the

Younger, VI. 296 ; his reply to

Alexander, VII. 258; had Onesi-

critus as a follower, 408
Diogenes (2), guardian of Peiraeus,

XI. 76; bribed to give up Peiraeus,

Munychia, Salamis, and Sunium

to Athenians, 78
Diogenes (3), Stoic, sent by Athens as

ambassador to Rome, II. 368
Diogenes (4), step- son of Archelalis,

fell at Orchomenus, IV. 394
Diogenes, adopted Lycurgus' design

for a civil polity, I. 300; cited,

III. 148
Diomedes (1), son of Emathion, sent

Romus from Troy, I. 92
Diomedes (2), friend of Alcibiades,

shabbily treated by him, IV. 26
Dion, disciple of Plato, VI. 2, 8 f .,

II. 212; brother of Aristomache,
loved and trusted by Dionysius
the Elder, VI. 6f.; impresses
Dionypius the Younger, 12 f . ;
envied by the other courtiers, 14 f.;
attempts to interest Dionysius in
liberal studies, 18 f. ; joins in
inviting Plato to Sicily, 22 ; op-
posed by Philistus and others,
24 f.; expelled from Syracuse, 30;
studies with Plato in the Academy
at Athens, 32 ; made citizen of
Sparta, 34 ; has his income stopped
by Dionysius, 36 ; his estate con-
fiscated by Dionysius, 40 ; becomes
altogether hostile to him, 42

Plans war, 44; not deterred by

375



GENERAL INDEX TO ALL THE < LIVES'



eclipse of moon sails with expe-
dition against Dionysius, 48 f .,

111. 290; reaches Pachynus, head-
land of Sicily, VI. 52; lands and
is entertained at Minoa, 54; joined
by men of Agrigentum and Gela,
56; joined by Camarinaeans, 58:
enters Syracuse, and issues pro-
clamation, takes Epipolae and
walls off the acropolis, 60 f.;
negotiates with Dionysius, 62 f . ;
repulses attack from the citadel,
64 f.; is suspected by Syracusans,
68 f.; opposed by Heracleides,
70 f . ; in vain slandered by Sosis,
72 f . ; receives offer of surrender
from Dionysius, 78

Opposed by Hippo and Hera-
cleides, 80; retires from Syracuse
to Leontini, 84; is summoned
from Leontini to rescue Syracuse,
88; drives troops of Apollocrates
back into the acropolis, 94 f . ;
pardons Heracleides and Theo-
dotes, 98; opposes redistribution
of land and houses, 102 ; is defeated
by Pharax at Neapolis, 102;
hurries back to Syracuse and fore-
stalls Heracleides and Gaesylus,
104; receives surrender of acro-
polis from Apollocrates, 106 ; takes
back his wife Arete, 108; lives
simply but through haughtiness
becomes unpopular, is opposed by
Heracleides once more, llOf. ;
allows Heracleides to be murdered,

112, 312 ; is plotted against and
murdered by Calippus, 114 f ., 262,
III. 260

See also II. 212, VI. 248, 460
Quoted VI. 12, 36, 90

Dionassa, 2nd wife of Eunomus,
mother of Lycurgus, I. 206

Dionysia, festival, called Demetria
in honour of Demetriu?, IX. 28

Dionysius (1), the Elder, very sus-
picious, kept his son shut up, VI.
18; composed lyric poems and
tragedies, 296 ; account of women
he married and early troubles, 6 ;
pardoned frankness of his sister
Theste, 44; banished Philistus,
24; executed children of Aristides
the Locrian, 274; aided by the
Fpartans, V. 420; honours and

376



trusts Dion, hears Plato and is
angered, VI. 6f.; sends Plato
away, requests Pollis to kill or sell
him, 10; his children and death,
12: his funeral, V. 428
See aho I. 458, IV. 236
Quoted : VI. 10, 12, 16

Dionysius (2), the Younger, son of
Doris, VI. 6; married Sophrosyne,
12 ; offered help against Carthage
by Dion, 14 ; kept secluded by his
father, 18 ; urged by Dion to invite
Plato to Sicily, 20; invites Plato
to Sicily, recalls Philistus from
exile, 22; becoming suspicious,
sends Dion to Italy ; finally sends
Plato away, 30; ally of Sparta
against Thebes, 34; jealous of
Dion, confiscates his property ;
induces Plato to come to Sicily
again, then dismisses him, 36;
absent when Dion's expedition
arrives, returns to Syracuse, negoti-
ates with Dion and the Syracusans,
then suddenly attacks, 54 f. ; is
driven back to the acropolis, 64;
sends letter to Dion, 68 ; offers to
surrender conditionally ; being re-
fused, sails away, leaving citadel
in charge of his "son, 80, 262, 340,
III. 290; in 10th year of his exile
drives out Nisaeus, and becomes
tyrant of Syracuse once more, VI.
262 ; defeated by Hicetas and shut
up in acropolis, 280 ; surrenders to
Timoleon; spends rest of his life
in Corinth, 290

Quoted : 26, 40, 294 f.

Dionysius (3), Colophonian, his pic-
tures seem forced and laboured,
VI. 346

Dionysius (4), sent from Corinth to
establish civil polity of Syracuse,
VI. 320

Dionysius (5), Messenian, executed by
Alexander, vn. 428

Dionysius (6), Syrian, brother of
Diocles and Erginus, XI. 44

Dionysius (7), Chalcus, his poems
extant; founded Thurii, in. 224

Dionysius (8), Magnesian, taught
Cicero oratory, vn. 90

Dionysius (9), of Halicarnassus, cited,
I. 138; ("Antiq. Rom." 8. 2), IV.
220; IX. 400; 414



GENERAL INDEX TO ALL THE < LIVES '



Dionysius, pattern deity of Deme-
trius, IX. 8 ; cited, XI. 208

Dionysodorus, of Troezen, cited,
XI. 2

Dionysus, married one of the two
Ariadnes, and begot Staphylus,
I. 42 ; with Ariadne honoured in
festival of Oschophoria, 50, II. 114;
378 ; 408 ; 410 ; 462 ; III. 216 ; benefi-
cent deeds of, IV. 308 ; mortal who
became immortal, V. 378 ; called
Euius and Thriambus by Greeks,
496 ; orgies of, practised by Mace-
donian women, vn. 226, 258; had
Gynaeceia as one of his mothers,
462 ; his figure in " Battle of the
Giants" at Athens blown down,
IX. 274

Dionysus Carnivorous, receives sacri-
fice of 3 Persian youths before
Salamis, II. 40, 238, V. 392

" Dionysus, New," term Antony
applied to himself, IX. 274

Diophanes (1), general of Achaean
League, invades Laconia, X. 300;
kept out of Sparta by Philopoemen,
390; 368

Diophanes (2), rhetorician, exile from
Mitylene, said to have urged Ti.
Gracchus to attempt agrarian re-
form, x. 160 ; executed after death
of Ti. Gracchus, 192

Diophantus, of deme Amphitrope',
said to have prosecuted Aristides
for taking bribe, II. 294

Diopeithes (1), introduced bill for
impeachment of those not believing
in gods, III. 92

Diopeithes (2), cites oracle against
claims of Agesilalis to throne, IV.
294, V. 6

Diopeithes (3), Athenian general, vn.
214, VIII. 160

Dioscorides, writer of treatise on
Spartan civic polity, cited, I. 236,
V. 98

Dioscuri (Tyndaridae, Castor and
Pollux) demanded their sister Helen
of Theseus, 1. 70 ; stormed Aphidnae,
then received into Athens, 74;
initiated into Eleusinian mysteries ;
adopted by Aphidnus, honoured
as gods and called Anakes, 76, 352 ;
appeared on Lysander's ship, IV.
260; golden stars of, set up at

VOL. XI.



Delphi by Lysander, disappear be-
fore Leuctra, 280; sacrificed to by
Alexander, VII. 368 ; called princes
of Sparta, X. 358; seen in Rome
after defeat of Tarquins, VT. 420;
seen in forum after battle of Lake
Regillus; Ides of July conse-
crated to them, IV. 124 ; temple of,
in Samothrace, VI. 418; in forum
at Rome by fountain, IV. 124, 350,

VIII. 298; decorated by Caeciliua
Metellus, V. 120

Diphilus (1), priest of Saviour-gods
at Athens, IX. 114

Diphilus (2), (Kock II. 576), III. 208

Diphridas, ephor of Sparta, orders
Agesilaiis to invade Boeotia im-
mediately, V. 44

Diploma, what it was, XI. 222, 280

Dipylum, originally called Thriasian
gates, III. 86, IV. 370

Disaster, natural, ancient deluge,
IV. 372 ; at Alban lake, II. 98

Diseases: gout, its symptoms, IV.
408; ulceration of bowels and
bein? eaten by worms, afflicted
Sulla and others, 438; boulimia,
theories as to cause of, vi. 180 ;
cataract, endured by Timoleon,
350 ; quinsy, VII. 62 ; epileptic fits,
of Caesar, 482 ; pleurisy of Marius,

IX. 592

Dithyrambic chorus, VII. 308

Dium, city where Alexander met

Demetrius, IX. 86

Divorce, Hipparete applies for one
from Alcibiades, IV. 20 ; decrees of
Romulus concerning, I. 160; none
at Rome for 230 years, 198; of
Cloelia by Sulla, IV. 344 ; of Clodia
and Servilia by Lucullus, II. 594;
of Antistia by Pompey, V. 134; of
Mucia by Pompey, 226 ; of Papiria
by Aemilius Paulus, VI. 366
Docimus, strives for chief command

under Eumenes, VIII. 102
Dodona, sanctuary there, said to
have been established by Deucalion
and Pyrrha, IX. 346 ; IV. 304; VIII.
208

Dodonaean Zeus, oracle of, II. 76
Doe, white, of Sertorius, VIII. 28, 54
Dog, of Xanthippus, had tomb at

Salamis, II. 30, 460
Dolabella (1), Gn. Cornelius, Sulla's



N



377



GENERAL INDEX TO ALL THE < LIVES'



legate, IV. 414, 420; had naval
command, which Sulla tried to
take away from him, 448; im-
peached by Caesar, acquitted, VII.
448

Dolabella (2), P. Cornelius, disgraces
Caesar by his madness, VII. 562 ;
introduces law for abolition of
debts, opposed by Antony, IX.
156 f., 160; objected to by Antony
as colleague in consulship, 162; VI.
130; accused of plotting against
Caesar, 140, VII. 588, IX. 164;
went to Syria without Cicero, VII.
190; VI. 180

Dolabella (3), P. Cornelius, acts for
Caesar Augustus, IX. 324

Dolabella (4), favoured for emperor
by some, XI. 254; sent away by
Otho to Aquinum, 286

Doliola, name given place in temple
of Quirinus where jars of Vestals
were buried, II. 144

Dolo, what it is, X. 168

Dolopians, inhospitable and savage,
refused to give up bones of Theseus,
I. 82 ; driven from Scyros by
Cimon, who sent bones of Theseus
to Athens, II. 428; harried by
Macedonians, X. 364

Domitian, changed names September
and October to Germanious and
Domitianus, I. 370; built 4th
temple of Jupiter Capitolinus,
640 f . ; learns of the defeat of the
rebel Antonius, VI. 420 f .

Domitius, see " Ahenobarbus " and
" Calvinus."

Doors, of house of M. Valerius alone
opened outwards. Greek doors all
did, I. 554

Dorians, in Asia, III. 56

Doris, raided by Xerxes, II. 26

Doris, Locrian, wife of Dionysius
the Elder, VI. 6; had 3 children,
12

Dorylaiis, general of Mithridates,
lands at Chalcis, occupies Boeotia,
is worsted in skirmish with Sulla
near Tilphossium, iv. 390; slain
in mutiny, II. 522.

' Doson," surname given Antigonus
in mockery, IV. 142, vi. 372

Dowry, Terentia brought Cicero
100,000 denarii, VII. 100



" Drachma," original meaning of,

IV. 278; II. 510

Draco, laws of, repealed by Solon
except one relating to homicide,
I. 448 ; said lesser crimes deserved
death, and for greater ones no
heavier penalty could be found,
450; 454

Dracontides, moves a bill that
Pericles deposit his accounts of
public moneys with the prytanes,
etc., III. 92

Dramatic artists, assembled at Samos
by Sulla, IX. 266

Dramatic tetralogy, had farcical
appendage, III. 14

Dreams, II. 460, 500, 502, 506, 542,
544, III. 8, 44, 350, IV. 112, 176,
288, 352, 414, 440, V. 14, 170, 198,
292, 306, 390, 392, VI. 4, 116, 170,
206, 218, 234, 276, VII. 72, 84, 194,
226, 292, 368, 544, 590, 602, VIII.
94, IX. 10, 68, 172, 374, 442, X.
64, 198

Dress, II. 518, 536, IV. 236, 376, IX.
98, 262

Dromichaetes, treated Lysimachus,
his captive, humanely, IX. 132

Dromocleides, Sphettian, IX. 32 ;
proposes that Piraeus and Munychia
be handed over to Demetrius, 84

Drusus (1) Livius, criticizes C. Grac-
chus, X. 148; tribune, tries to
weaken 0. Gracchus, 214; 220

Drusus (2) Livius, uncle on mother's
side, reared Cato the Younger, his
brother Caepio, sister Porcia, half-
sister Servilia, VIII. 236, 238

Drusus (3), son of Livia, step-son of
Octavius, married to Antonia,
progenitor of Germanicus and
Claudius, IX. 332

Dryad, VII. 462

Duris, Samian, descendant of Alci-
biades, IV. 92 ; credibility as
historian attacked by Plutarch,
III. 78

Cited: III. 78, IV. 92, 280, V.
6, VII. 46, 56, 260, 356, VIII. 78,
152, 184

Dyme, city of Achaean League, XI.
24 ; Achaeans defeated there by
Cleomenes, X. 80 ; XI. 108; given to
pirates as residence by Pompey,

V. 186



378



GENERAL INDEX TO ALL THE < LIVES'



Dyrrhachium, IV. 408; VII. 164; V.
278; Caesar driven from it by
Pompey, vn. 480; 180



Earthquake, at Sparta, I. 292, II.

452, IV. 66; at Athens, III. 244;

during battle of lake Thrasyniene,

124; VII. 164
Ecbatana, in Media, V. 38, 416, VII.

34, 424, XI. 192
Ecdelus, Arcadian of Megalopolis,

friend of Aratus, XI. 10, 16
Ecdemus, Megalopolitan, made tutor

of Philopoemen; his career, X. 256
Echecrates, prophet-priest of oracle

of temple of Apollo Tegyraeus, v.

378
Echecratides, sophist, liberated by

Alexander on request of Phocion,

VIII. 186
" Echedemia," early name of

Academy ; named after Echedemus,

I. 74
Echedemus, in army of Dioscuri,

gave name Echedemia to what

was afterwards called Academy,

I. 76

Echidna, fabled serpent, III. 418
Eclipses, I. 120, III. 288 f., 290, 292,

V. 46, 420, VI. 40, 48, 56, 400, VII.

316

Ecnomum, in Sicily, VI. 56
Economy, domestic, taught by Cato

the Elder, n. 390
Ecphanes, father of Mandrocleidas,

X. 14

Ecprepes, ephor, cut out 2 of 9 lute-
strings of Phrynis, the musician,

X. 24

Ecregma, in Egypt, IS. 142
Edessa, in Macedonia, IX. 106, 370;

where Lysimachus attacked Pyr-

rhus, 380"
" Editia," possibly at base of " phi-

ditia," I. 236
Edonian women, about Mt. Haemus,

VII. 228
Education, Spartan, I. 244 f., 396,

V 2; Athenian, IV. 8, 16; II. 118;

Eoman, I. 396; Cato the Elder's

education of his son, II. 360;

Aemilius Paulus' education of his

children, VI. 370: of Spanish boys

by Sertorius, VIII. 38; III. 318



Egeria, goddess, consorted with Nurua
Pompilius, I. 316, 332; 350; 360

Egestaeans, descendants of Trojans,
aided by Athenians, III. 210; 250

Egypt, revolts against Persia with
Athenian aid, II. 84; 460 f.; III.
62; XI. 184; II. 474 f.; VII. 180

Egyptians, think Lycurgus visited
them and copied some features of
his constitution from them, I. 214;
318; IX. 142

" Eight," as first cube and double
first square, represents power of
Poseidon, I. 86

Elon, city on banks of Strymon,
taken from Persians by Cimon and
the land given Athenians, II. 422 f.

Eirens, young men at Sparta, 20
years old, 2 years out of class of
boys ; their duties, I. 258

Eiresione, what it is, I. 46

'E/caToja/Sow, (100 oxen), origin of
term as referring to money, I. 54

Elaea, its revenue offered Phocion
by Alexander, vm. 186; II. 484

Elaeus, in Chersonese, IV. 254

Elatea, plains of, IV. 374

Elateia, surprised by Philip, vn. 42 ;
VIII. 222

Elatus, first ephor, in reign of Theo-
pompus, I. 224

Elea (Velia), on coast of Italy, VI.
176, 456

Eleans (Eleians), secede from Lacedae-
monians, and make alliance with
Athens, HI. 244, IV. 36; X. 56;
helped by Cleomenes, 58 ; have
Langon restored to them by
Cleomenes, 80

"Electra," of Euripides (v. 167 f.),
cited, IV. 272

"Elegies," of Critias (Bergk II.
279 f.), cited, IV. 96

Eleius, twin son of Cimon and woman
of Arcadia, n. 450, III. 82

Elephants, VII. 296 ; used by Pyrrhus
in Italy, IX. 414, 428; used by
Hannibal and routed, V. 508

Elephenor, son of Chalcodon, accom-
panied by sons of Theseus to Ilium,
I. 80 f .

Eleusis, taken by Theseus from the
Megarians, I. *20, 68, 70, II. 42,
246 ; sanctuary of mysteries at ;
by whom built, in. 40, 86 ; mysteries

379



GENERAL INDEX TO ALL THE 'LIVES'



of, profaned by Alcibiades, it is
charged, IV. 48; festal rites of,
described; celebrated by Alci-
biades, 98; v. 374; captured by
Demetrius, IX. 80

Eleutherae, I. 68

Eleutheria, celebrated at Plataea
every 4th year, II. 278

Elimiae, battle of ; Hostilius repulsed
by Perseus, VI. 376

Elis, detached from Spartan con-
federacy by Thebes, V. 396

Elpinice', Cimon's sister, her tomb,
II. 412; scandal about her, 414,
450; gets Pericles not to press
charge of treason against Ciinon,
448, III. 30 ; quoted, 80

Elymaeans, kings of, send ambas-
sadors to Pompey, V. 208

Elysian Field, of which Homer sang,
believed to be the Atlantic Islands,

VIII. 22

Emathion, father of Diomedes, I. 92
Embalming, Agesilaiis' body enclosed

in melted wax instead of honey,

V. 112 ; 222
Embassies: III. 216, 242, 244, 250,

IV. 34, 66, 144, 180, 194, 238, 248,

V. 416, VI. 386, VII. 38, 40, 42, 56,

IX. 406

Embezzlement, II. 220, III. 90
Empedocles, on effect of love and

^hate, IX. 12

Empylus, rhetorician and housemate
of M. Brutus; wrote account of
Caesar's murder called " Brutus,"

VI. 130

Enarsphorus, son of Hippocoon,
sought to carry off Helen when still
a child, I. 72

Endeis, daughter of Sciron and
Chariclo, mother of Peleus and
Telamon, I. 20

Endymion, story of, among Arcadians,
resembles that about Numa and
Egeria, I. 316

Engyium, city of Sicily, brief descrip-
tion and history of, V. 488

Enna, city of Sicily, V. 488

Enyalius, temple of, on Salamis,
erected by Solon, I. 426

Epaminondas, his family, poverty,
character, generalship, n. 212, V.
346 f., VI. 344 f., VIII. 150; saves
life of Pelopidas at Mantineia, v.

380



350; suffered by Spartans to remain
in Thebes when other popular
leaders were outlawed, 352 ; urges
Theban youth to vie with Spartans
in wrestling, 356 ; comes to aid of
Theban exiles with armed follow-
ing, 368 ; introduces Pelopidas and
his companions to Theban assembly,
370; decides to fight Cleombrotus,
388; his tactics at Leuctra, 394;
as boeotarch with Pelopidas invades
Peloponnesus, defeats Athenians
while returning, brought to trial
for prolonging command, acquitted,
396 ; opposed politically by Mene-
cleidas, 400; with allies ravages
Laconia, and challenges Agesilaiis
to battle, 84; busy in Pelopon-
nesus, 404 ; sent to Thessaly, rescues
Pelopidas and Ismenias, 414;
builds Messene, repulsed by Agesi-
laiis before Sparta, slain at Manti-
neia, 94, IV. 452 ; buried at public
expense, III. 19ft; V. 78.

See also II. 324, 394, IV. 228, X.
260, 292, XI. 42

Quoted : I. 242, IV. 126, V. 76,
348, 492

Epaphroditus, freedman of Octavius
Caesar, IX. 316

" Epaphroditus," official title adopted
by Sulla in writing to Greeks, IV.
434

Eperatus, general of Achaeans, XI.
110

Ephesians, honour Alcibiades, IV. 26 ;
defeat Athenians under Thrasyllus
84 ; made prosperous by Lysander ;
headquarters of Persian generals,
238; IX. 270

Ephesus, naval battle near it won by
Lysander over Athenians under
Antiochus, IV. 104, 242; X. 382;
II. 542; 550; assembly point for
Antony's navy, IX. 264

Ephetai, Draco addresses himself to
them in cases of homicide, I. 454

Ephialtes (1), in trying to dethrone
Council of Areiopagus, opposed by
Ciinon, n. 436; 444; acting for
Pericles, broke power of Council of
Areiopagus, 450, III. 20; 26; II.
454 ; his character, career, manner
of death, 30 f .

Ephialtes (2), Athenian leader whose



GENERAL INDEX TO ALL THE < LIVES '



surrender was demanded by Alex-
ander, vii. 56
Ephialtes, put in fetters by Alexander

for announcing the absconding of

Harpalus, VII. 346
Ephors, established as curb upon

oligarchy at Sparta 100 years after

Lycurgus in reign of Theopompus, I.

224; 290; 296; bribed by Themis-

tocles, II. 52, 244, 420 ; hold office

for year only, v. 8, 10 ; how their

power increased, X. 70
Ephorus, cited, II. 72, 138, 440, 442,

in. 78, IV. 94, 304, 318, V. 380,

VI. 76, 78, 270
Epicharmus, comic poet of school of

Pythagoras, I. 334; cited, 334,

642

Epicles, of Hermione, harpist, II. 14
Epicrates (1), of deme Acharnae, II.

66
Epicrates (2), shield-bearer of Tima-

goras, V. 418
Epicurus (1), one of Phocion's

accusers, vm. 232



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