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mined by P. Clodius, 582 ; cannot
_jet army to march against Tigranes
or against Mithridates, who had
come back into Pontus from
Armenia, 584; is superseded by
Pompey, meets him in Galatia, but
comes to no agreement with him,

O 49



GENERAL INDEX TO ALL THE 'LIVES'



588 f., V. 190 f.; failed because he
could not win the affection of his
soldiers, II. 590; on return to
Rome is attacked by Memmius and
has difficulty in getting a triumph,
592, VIII. 304; divorces Clodia,
marries Servilia, sister of Oato,
divorces her, II. 594; retires from
public life, 596 ; his extravagance
and luxury, 598 f., IX. 556; threw
his libraries open to all ; fond of all
philosophy, but favoured the Old
Academy, II. 604 f . ; still supports
his political friends at times and
opposes Pompey, 606, vill. 308;
opposes measures of Caesar the
consul, 310, II. 608; retires even
more from public life, loses his mind
In old age, 376, 608; buried on his
estate at Tusculurn, 610

See also II. 406, 408, 410, III. 370,
398, IV. 412, V. 192, 202, 216, 234,
238, 240, VII. 151, 162, X. 384

Quoted : II. 512, 648, 562, 598,
602

Lucullus, M. Licinius, loved by his
brother Lucius, elected aedile with
him, II. 472 f.; as Sulla's legate
defeats 50 cohorts of enemy at
Fidentia, IV. 412 ; when praetor of
Macedonia tries P. Antonius for
corruption, VII. 448; absent from
Servile war, III. 432; prosecuted
for his acts as quaestor under Sulla,
bat acquitted, II. 592 ; died soon
after his brother, 610

Lucumo, wealthy Tuscan who
wronged his guardian Arron, n.
126

" Lupa," means both she-wolf and
courtezan, and may mean latter in
reference to Romulus' nurse, I. 100

Lupercalia, derivation of word;
origin and nature of festival held in
February, I. 156 f., 370, VII, 584;
called Lycaea in Greek, IX. 164

Luperci, what they do at the Luper-
calia, I. 156, IX." 164

Lusitanians, triumphed over by
Brutus, X. 194; organized by
Sertorius, vm, 24 f . ; conquered by
Caesar, VII. 470

Lusius, 0., serves under his uncle
Marius; slain by Trebonius, IX.
498

4IO



" Lycaea," related in meaning to
Lupercalia, 1. 156, VII. 584, IX. 164

Lycaeum, Mt., where Cleomenes
defeated Aratus, X. 58, XI. 82

Lycaonia, II. 544 ; added to Pompey 's
sway by the Manilian law, V. 190;
Amyntas king of, IX. 276

Lyceum, at Athens, I. 62; ravaged
'by Sulla, IV. 362

Lycians, refuse Brutus' demand for
money, VI. 192; forced to give 160
talents, 198

Lycomedes (1), king of Scyros, asked
to restore lands to Theseus, mur-
dered him, I. 82, II. 428

Lycomedes (2), Athenian captain,
first to capture Persian ship at
Salamis, n. 44

Lycomidae, Themistocles connected
with family of, II. 4

Lycon (1), Syracusan, supplies sword
for murdering Dion, VI. 120

Lycon (2), of Scarpheia, actor, brgs
'10 talents of Alexander, vil. 310

" Lycophon," used in pallet-beds of
Spartan boys in winter for warmth,
I. 258

Lycophron (1), Athenian general, slain
in battle with Nicias, III. 228

Lycophron (2), brother of Heb6, helps
slay Alexander of Pherae, V. 430 f.

Lycortas,chosen general by Messenians
to avenge death of Philopoemen, X.
314

Lycurgidae, anniversaries of death of
"Lycurgus, I. 302

Lycurgus (1), when he lived, I. 204 ;
his lineage, 206; after death of
Polydectes became king of Sparta
for short time, 208; resigning
kingship makes himself guardian
of his brother's son, the new kine,
210; accused of desiring the king a
death, goes abroad and studies
various forms of government, 212 ;
on returning to Sparta undertakes
to change the existing order of
things entirely, 216 ; his most
important innovation was the
institution of a senate or Council of
Elders, 218 ; gets oracle from Delphi
to lend sanction to his work, 220 ;
(ephors introduced later to curb the
oligarchical element), 224; as 2nd
measure redistributes the land, 226 ;



GENERAL INDEX TO ALL THE 'LIVES'



next divides up the movable
property, withdraws all gold and
silver money and introduces iron
currency, 228, IV. 276; banishes
unnecessary arts, I. 230; intro-
duces common messes, 232

Attacked by wealthy citizens and
blinded in one eye by Alcander,
234; boys came to the public
messes, 238; put none of his laws
into writing, 240; forbade extra-
vagance and making frequent
expeditions against the same
enemy, 242 ; carefully regulated
marriages and births, 244; put
public stigma upon confirmed
bachelors, 248; his system of
training for boys and youths,
256 f.; examples of Spartan wit
and brevity of speech, 266 f.;
Spartan training in music and
poetry, 270; their life in time of
war, 274f. ; Lycurgus said to have
been an experienced warrior, 276 ;
training of Spartans lasted until
full maturity, 278; Lycurgus
trained citizens to have neither wish
nor ability to live for themselves;
how senators were elected, 282 ;
regulations as to burial, 286 ;
travel and presence of foreigners
forbidden; what the " krupteia "
was; treatment of Helots, 288 f.;
bound citizens by oath to observe
his laws until he returned, then
consulted the oracle at Delphi and
starved himself to death, 292 f. ; in
reign of Agis gold and silver crept
into Sparta, 296 ; Lycurgus' design
for a civil polity adopted by Plato,
Diogenes, and Zeno, 300 ; the place
of his death, 302

See also I. 320, 446, II. 214, 390,
IV. 234, V. 72, X. 12, 68, 244, 250
Sayings: 1.210,266

Lycurgus (2), led Plain- men at Athens,
"l. 486

Lycurgus (3) of Byzantium, with
Anazilaus and others, agreed to
surrender the city to Aloibiades if
it were not plundered, IV. 90

Lycurgus (4), Athenian orator, VIII.
160; his surrender demanded by
Alexander, 182, VII. 56; VIII. 166;
X. 356 ; quoted, III. 424



Lycus, place to north of Greece, X.
330

Lycus river (1), in Asia Minor, II. 514,
"ix. 118

Lycus river (2), in Sicily, VI. 340

Lydia, obtained peace and security
through Heracles, I. 14; II. 432;
invaded by Agesilalis, V. 24

Lydiades, tyrant of Megalopolis,
resigns, makes city a member of
Achaean league, tries to rival
Aratus, XI. 69, 80; attacks
Cleomenes at Megalopolis and is
slain, 84, X. 62

" Lydians, procession of," a rite at
Sparta, n. 266

Lygdamis, said by some to have led
Cimmerians into Asia, IX. 490

Lynceus (1), with Idas said to have
carried off Helen, I. 70

Lynceus (2), Samian, cited, IX. 62 f.

Lysander (1), father of Archippe,
adopted Diocles, II. 86

Lysander (2), statue of him at Delphi,
his appearance, lineage, training and
character, IV. 234 f.; put in com-
mand of fleet after Athenian
disaster in Sicily, 238; visits Cyrus
at Sardis to accuse Tissaphernes of
slackness, and gets 10,000 darics to
increase pay of his sailors 1 obol a
day, 102, 240 ; defeats Antochius,
Alcibiades' pilot, off Samoa, 104.242 ;
organizes oligarchic political clubs
in cities of Asia, is succeeded by
Callicratidas, 244 ; returns as vice-
admiral under Aracus, 248 ; un-
scrupulous and subtle, deceives
democracy of Miletus, 250;
promised every assistance by
Cyru?, 252 ; storms Lampsacus, 254 ;
defeats Athenians at Aegospotami,
258 f.; slew 3000 prisoners includ-
ing the admirals, 108, 260 f.;
establishes oligarchies in the cities,
266 f . ; takes Athens, imposes harsh
terms, 270 f.; establishes 30 rulers
in Athens and 10 in the Piraeus,
garrisons the acropolis, 110, 274

Annoys leading men by his
ambition, 282 ; recalled by ephors,
284; released by ephors, sets sail
to meet strong opposition, 290;
persuades Agesilaiis to claim
throne, 292, v. 4 f . ; gets Agesilaiis

411



GENERAL INDEX TO ALL THE < LIVES '



appointed general for war against
barbarians, and goes along as one
of 30 counsellors, 12 f., IV. 296;
thrust aside by Agesilaiis, 298, V.
18; sent as ambassador to Helles-
pont, induces Spithridates to revolt
from Pharnabazus, returns to
Sparta without honour, plans
revolution, 20, 52, IV. 300 f. ;
memorizes speech written by Cleon
the Halicarnassian to persuade
citizens, 302 ; his plot spoiled by
cowardice of one of his co-workers,
306 ; plunged Hellas into the
Boeotian war, 308; took Orcho-
menus, 310 ; defeated and slain by
Thebans near Haliartus, 312 ; his
speech on the constitution dis-
covered by Agesilaus but not
published, 318, V. 54; honoured
highly after death, IV. 320

See also 1. 298, III. 306, IV.
112

Quoted : IV. 250, 252, 292, 300

Lysander (3), son of Libys, supports
Agis in his attempted reforms, X. 14 ;
elected by help of Agis, introduces
bill to relieve debtors and divide
land, but the bill is defeated, 18;
indicts Leonidas and has him de-
posed from kingship, 26 f . ; indicted
for violating law, 28, 30

" Lysandreia," name given their
festival of Hera by Samians in
honour of Lysander, IV. 280

Lysandridas, of Megalopolis, captured
by Cleomenes, driven out of Messene
by Pbilopoemen, x. 104

Lysanoridas, harmost in Thebes;
being heavily fined, left Pelopon-
nesus, V. 370

Lysias, orator, Cato the Elder's model,
say some, II. 320

Lysicles, sheep-dealer, lived with
Aspasia after death of Pericles, in.
70

Lysidicg, daughter of Pelops and H'p-
podameia, sister of Pittheus, mother
of Alcmene, 1. 16

Lysimachus (1), father of Aristides the
Just, of tribe Antiochis, of deme
Alopece', II. 8, 210, 290, 418

Lysimachus (2), son of Aristides, had
daughter Polycrite'; given pension,
II. 'J96

412



Lysimachus (3), grandson of Aristides
very poor, II. 296

Lysimacbus (4), Acarnanian, tutor of
Alexander, VII. 36; saved from
death by him, 294

Lysimachus (5), king after Alexander,
VII. 356; 382; IX. 30; begins to wear
diadem, 40; 48; 60; 64; his territory
ravaged by Demetrius, 74; father
of Agathocles, marries one daughter
of Ptolemy and takes another for
his son, 76 ; deprived Demetrius of
his cities in Asia, 86; 360; taken
prisoner by Dromichaetes, then
liberated, 98 ; leagued with Seleucus
and Ptolemy against Demetrius,
invades Macedonia from Thrace,
108, 374; divides Macedonia with
Pyrrhus, 112, 378 f.; attacks Pyr-
rh'us at Edessa and gains Macedonia,
380 ; 116 ; offers Seleucus large sum
to put Demetrius to death, 130; 338

Lysimachus (6), companion of Pyr-
"rhus, IX. 442

Lysippus (1), his statues well repre-
sent Alexander, VII. 230; 268; 344

Lysippus (2), general of Achaeans, X.
286



Macaria, daughter of Hercules, sacri-
ficed, V. 390

Macedonia, II. 448; entered by Pelo-
pidas, scene of war between Ptolemy
and Alexander, king of Macedonia,
V. 404 ; IX. 106 ; invaded by Lysi-
machus and Pyrrhus, 108", 370;
divided between Pyrrhus and Lysi-
machus, 112, 378; deserts Pyrrhus
for Lysimachus, 380; invaded by
Pyrrhus, 430; ravaged by bar-
barians, who are utterly defeated by
Antigonus, X. 118; invaded by
Sulpicius and Villius late in season,
X. 326; Greeks freed from it, VI.
370; returned to Philip, X. 346;
invaded by P. Licinius, VI. 376; in
reign of Perseus subdued by
Romans, 414 f., IX. 134; being over-
run by Ariarathes, IV. 358; pro-
vince of, voted to Antonius, VII. 110 ;
voted to Piso, 156; delivered up to
Brutus by Hcrtensius, VI. 180

Macedonian garri on, attacked by
Thebans, VII. 54



GENERAL INDEX TO ALL THE < LIVES '



Macedonian king, lets Agesilaus pass
through territory as friend, V. 42

Macedonians, I. 12; Greeks aroused
against them by Demosthenes, VII.
40 f.; 398; after Cassander's death
ruled by his son Philip, IX. 86 ; pro-
claim Demetrius king, 90; 366;
proclaim Pyrrhus king, 376 ; driven
from Peloponnesus by Aratus, X.
82 ; expelled from Athens, XI. 78 ;
harried by Illyrians, call Antigonus
home, X. 112 ; call in Antigonus,
cousin of Demetrius and make him
first regent and then king, VI. 372 ;
Greeks freed from by Romans, II.
334 ; submit to Aemilius Paulus and
are to pay 100 talents tribute, VI.
418, 428; 458

" Macedonicus," surname of Metellus,
IX. 464

Macer, Clodius, see " Clodius Macer."

M acer, Licinius, convicted of fraud and
died, VII. 102

" Machaeriones," name given des-
cendants of Anticrates who slew
Epaminondas, V. 98

Machanidas, tyrant of Sparta, de-
feated and slain by Achaeans under
Philopoemen, X. 280 ; succeeded by
Nabis as tyrant of Sparta, 286

Machares, son of Mithridates, held
Bosporus, asks to be Rome's
friend, II. 544

Machatas, father of Charops who
was leading man in Epirus and well-
disposed to Romans, X. 330

Machinery, stage, referred to, IV. 302

Macrinus, cognomen or epithet, IX.
4G4

Maecenas, Memoirs of Caesar Augustus
addressed to him and Agrippa, VII.
214, IX. 214

Maedi, subdued by Alexander, vil.
244; their country ravaged bv
Sulla, IV. 402

Maedica, force of Bisternae encamp
there, VI. 382

Maelius, Spurius, slain by Servilius
Ahala, VI. 126

Maeotic Lake (Lake Maeotis) II. 518,
IV. 358, V. 206, IX. 488

Magaeus, brother of Pharnabazus,
ordered to kill Alcibiades, iv. 112

Magas, brother of Ptolemy iv., X. 124

Magi, n. 132, 138



Magnesia, given Themistocles for
bread, II. 80, 82, 84; Themistocles
died there, 86, 88, 90

Magnesia, Dionysius of, VII. 90

Magnesia, visited by Titus, X. 354

Magnesian lore, exposition of, heard by
Themistocles, II. 80

Magnesians, have garrisons put over
them by Alexander of Pherae, V.
418 ; freed by him under compulsion
430; proclaimed free at Isthmian
games by Flamininus, X. 350 ; 364

Mago, Carthaginian, summoned for
help by Hicetas, occupies Syracuse
with fleet and army, VI. 302, 304;
frightened, sails off to Libya, 310 ;
commits suicide, 314

Maia, mother of Mercury, I. 3 70

Maimacterion, Athenian month, same
as Boeotian Alalcomenius, II. 278

Malaca, plundered by Crassus, III. 326

Malchus, sends army to Alexander
from Arabia, IX. 276

Malcitas, leader of Thebans against
Alexander of Pherae after death of
Pelopidas, V. 430

Malea, cape, IV. 358, X. 20, XI. 26

Maliac gulf, III. 56

Malli, people of India, attacked by
Alexander who was severely
wounded, VII. 402 f., 414

Mamercii, descended from Mamercus,
I. 376

Mamercus (1), son of Pythagoras, I.
334; surnamed Aemilius, founded
Aemilian family according to some,
VI. 35S

Mamercus (2), one of Numa's 4 sons,
named after son of Pythagoras, I.
334, 376

Mamercus (3), tyrant of Catana, be-
comes ally of Timoleon, VI. 290;
forms alliance with Carthaginians,
334 ; writer of poems and tragedies,
336 ; defeated at river Abolus, 340 ;
tried and condemned at Syracuse
and crucified, 342, 350

Mamertines, called in by some Sicilian
cities owing to hatred of Pyrrhus,
IX. 422, 424; barbarians about
Messana, conquered by Pyrrhus,
420 ; harshly treated by Pompey, V.
136

Mamurius, Veterius, copied accur-
ately the sacred shield, I. 350 ; re-



GENERAL INDEX TO ALL THE < LIVES'



warded by having his name men-
tioned in a song of the Salii, 354

Mancinus, C., Roman consul, defeated
several times in war against Nu-
mantia and forced to make truce
with enemy, X. 152 ; to be delivered
up in bonds and unarmed to
Numantines, 158

Mandrocleidas (1), Spartan, sent as
ambassador to Pyrrhus, IX. 436

Mandrocleidas (2), son of Ecphanes,
supports Agis in his attempted
reforms, X. 14, 20; indicted for
violating law by proposing abolition
of debts and distribution of land,
persuades 2 kings to act together
and disregard ephors, 28

Mandurium, in Italy, where Messa-
pians slew Archidamus, X. 8

" Mania," surname of Demo, IX. 64

Manilius (1), expelled from senate by
Cato the Elder for embracing his
wife in the presence of his daughter,
II. 352

Manilius (2), tribune, proposes law
giving Pompey charge of war
against Mithridates, V. 1 90 ; brought
before Cicero a praetor on charge of
fraudulent accounting ; defended by
him, vil. 104

" Manipularis," derived from Mani-
pulus, 1. 110

" Manipulus," origin of the word, I.
110

Manius Curius, see " Curius, M."

Manius (1), consul, a'fter defeating
Antiochus, asked Achaeans to per-
mit exiles from Sparta to return
home, X. 306 ; opposed consider-
ably by Philopoemen, 316. See also
" Acilius Glabrio, M."

Manius (2), tribune, opposes T. Flami-
ninus' candidacy for consulship, X.
324

" Manlius," name common to family,
IX. 464

Manlius (1), implores Ti. Gracchus to
submit question of agrarian law to
senate, X. 170

Manlius (2), brought into plot against
Sertorius, VIII. 68, 70, 74

Manlius, C., served with distinction
under Sulla, led veterans in support
of Catiline, vil. 114, 118, 120

Manlius, L. (1), expert mountain-

414



climber helps Cato the Elder at
Thermopylae, II. 338

Manlius, L. (2), came from Gallia
Narbonensis to help Metellus, VIII.
32

Manlius, T., in his consulship temple
of Janus closed, I. 372

Manlius Capitolinus, M., repulses
attack of Gauls on the Capitol, II.
160 f. ; supports the poor, is con-
demned and thrown from the
Capitol, 188

Manlius Maximus, Gn., defeated by the
Ambrones, IX. 512

Mantineia, not received into allegiance
by Demetrius, IX. 58, XI. 58; ally
of Cleomenes, captured by Aratus,
joins Achaean league, 82, X. 60;
freed of Achaean garrison and
restored to its own laws and con-
stitution by Cleomenes, 78, XI. 90;
captured by Achaeans with aid of
Antigonus and its inhabitants sold
into slavery, founded anew and
name changed to Antigoneia, 104 f .,
X. 100, 256, 280

Mantineia, battle of, Thebans defeat
Spartans, but Epaminondas is
slain, V. 92, 98, 348; 2nd battle of,
Demetrius routs Archidamus, IX.
84; 3rd battle of, Philopoemen
defeats Machanidas, X. 282

Mantineians, secede from Sparta and
make alliance with Athens, III. 244,
IV. 36 ; revolt from Thebes, helped
by Spartans, V. 94

Manumission among the Romans, X.
3C2

Marathon, I. 68; named from Mara-
thus, 74 f . ; Aristonicus of, vil. 70 ;
battle of, Greeks under Miltiades
defeat Persians, I. 82, II. 10, 138,
224, 226, 386, 396, 418, XI. 34

Marathonian bull, sacrificed to Del-
phinian Apollo by Theseus, I. 26

Marathus, Arcadian in army of Dios-
curi, gave name Marathon to town-
ship, I. 74

Marcellinus, asks Pompey and Crassus
if they intend to be candidates for
consulship, III. 358, V. 248

" Marcellus," means martial, V. 436 ;
3rd Roman name, EX. 464

Marcellus, quaestor with Cato the
Younger, VIII. 276



GENERAL INDEX TO ALL THE < LIVES '



Marcellus, C. Claudius (1), consul,
votes Caesar be declared public
enemy unless he lays down arms, V.
268, VII. 512 f.; asks Pompey to
prepare defence against Caesar, V.
270, IX. 148; VII. 194; had 2
daughters and 1 son by Octavia,
sister of Augustus, y. 522, IX. 330 ;
died, 206 ; quoted, y. 270

Marcellus, 0. Claudius (2), son of
C. Marcellus and Octavia, sister of
Augustus, married daughter of
Augustus and died during aedile-
ship, V. 522 ; made both son and
son-in-law of Augustus, IX. 330

Marcellus, M. Claudius (1), father of
the following Marcellus, V. 436

Marcellus, M. Claudius (2), 5 times
consul, III. 174, V. 436, 522 ; mighty
warrior, made curule aedile and
augur, 438; appointed consul by
the " interreges," appoints Gn.
Cornelius his colleague ; wishes war
with Gauls continued, 446 ; slays
Britomartus, king of Gauls, winning
"spolia opima," 450, I. 138; takes
Mediolanum, grant Gauls equitable
peace, is given triumph, v. 454;
after Cannae takes the lead in
fighting Hannibal, 456 f., III. 172 f. ;
surprises Hannibal at Nola, V. 462 ;
made consul 2nd time, defeats
Hannibal near Nola, 464; consul for
3rd time, sailed to Sicily, 466;
storms Leontini, 468; captures
Megara and Syracuse, 482 f . ; re-
grets death of Archimedes, 486;
humane and just in treating
Sicilians, 488, III. 184; brought
back beautiful works of art, 184,
V. 492.

Consul 4th time, is accused by
Syracusans of having treated their
city with undue severity ,is acquitted,
496 f . ; moves against Hannibal,
500; fights several engagements
with varying success, 502 f.; spends
summer at Sinuessa recuperating bis
soldiers, 510 ; consul 5th time,
calms Etruria, 512 ; ambushed and
slain with his colleague Crispinus
by Hannibal, 516 f., X. 324; his
memorials, 520 f . ; compared with
Pelopidas, 522 f.
Quoted : V. 450, 478



Marcellus, M. Claudius (3), son of
preceding, V. 438 ; censor with T.
Flamminus, expels 4 men from
senate, X. 372

Marcellus, M. Claudius (4),serves under
Marius against Teutones, IX. 518

Marcellus, M. Claudius (5), with 2
others comes to consul Cicero at
midnight to warn of plot, vil. 116

March, used to be first month ;
consecrate to Mars, I. 368; why
moved by Numa, 370

Marcia, daughter of Philippus, married
to Cato, then to Hortensius, VTII.
292, 326 ; left widow by Hortensius,
again married to Cato, 362

Marcianus, see Icelus."

Marcii, patrician house at Rome, had
many distinguished sons, IV. 118

Marcius (1), urged Numa to accept
kingship of Eome, I. 324 ; father of
Marcius who married Pompilia,
Numa's daughter ; rival of Hostilius
for throne after Numa, defeated,
starved himself to death, 378

Marcius (2), son of preceding, hus-
band of Pompilia and father of
Ancus Martius, I. 378

Marcius (3), with Cethegus ordered to
kill Cicero, VII. 120

Marcius (4), recently come from Rome
to Pompey's camp, quoted, VII. 180

Marcius, mountain where Romans
were besieged by Latins, II. 17G,
180

Marcius, Ancus, son of Marcius and
Pompilia, Numa's daughter, 5
years old when Numa died, suc-
ceeded Tullus Hostilius to throne,
I. 378, IV. 118; completed wooden
bridge over Tiber, I. 338

Marcius, 0., consul with Scipio Nasica,
not duly appointed and recalled, V.
444

Marcius, P., with Q. Marcius brought
best and most abundant supply of
water to Rome, IV. 118

Marcius, Q., see preceding.

Marcius Censorinus, see " Cen-
sorinus."

Marcius Rex, husband of Tertia,
sister of Clodius, VII. 154

Marcus, brother of Valerius, see
" Valerius, M."

" Marcus," name called out by people

415



GENERAL INDEX TO ALL THE 'LIVES'



as they went to sacrifice to Mars, I.
184

" Marcus," praenomen of Camillas, II.
148

Mardian, a certain, acts as adviser and
guide to Antony, IX. 230

Mardian mounted archers in Tigranes'
army, II. 574

Mardion, eunuch of Cleopatra's, IX.
274

Mardonius, left behind by Xerxes to
block pursuit, II. 12~f., 46; left
behind with 300,000, threatens Hel-
lenes and tempts Athenians, 240 ;
invades Attica 2nd time, 242;
repulsed with help of Athenians,
252 ; decides to cross Asopus and
attack Athenians unexpectedly,
256, 260, 264 ; defeated and slain at
Plataea, 226, 270, X. 8; quoted, II.
240

Margianian steel, III. 386

" Margites," epithet applied to Alex-
ander by Demosthenes, VII. 54

Marian canal, IX. 502

" Marian mule," origin of the term,
IX. 494

Marica, grove near Minturnae, IX. 572

" Maricas," play of Eupolis, III. 220

Marius, father of the famous Marius,
IX. 466

Marius, C. (1), about his name, IX.
464; appearance, early training,
family, 466 ; saw first service with
Scipio Africanus in siege of Nu-
mantia, 468; makes his mark as
tribune of the people, 470; defeated
for aedile, elected praetor, 472 ; re-
ceives province of Farther Spain,
marries Julia, aunt of J. Caesar, 474 ;
serves with distinction in Africa
under Caecilius Metellus against
Jugurtha, 476; returns to Rome
and is elected consul for war
against Jugurtha, 480 f . ; succeeds
Metellus in Africa, but Sulla, his
quaestor, gets Jugurtha, 484, IV. 330
Elected consul in his absence
for war against Cimbri and
Teutones, IX. 486, 492; celebrates
triumph over Jugurtha, 492 f . ;
drills his army and wins their
respect, 494 f.; elected consul 3rd
time, 498 elected 4th time with
Lutatius Catulus, 500; confronted

416



by Teutones and Ambrones, 502 f . ;
follows the barbarians to Aquae
Sextiae, 510 ; cuts the Ambrones to
pieces, 514; utterly defeats the
Teutones, 518 f. ; receives news of
being elected consul for 5th tune,
522 ; agrees with Boeorix, king of the
Cimbri, to fight on plain of Vercellae
3rd day following, 530 ; utterly de-
feats the Cimbri, 536

Elected consul 6th time through
bribery, supports Saturninus in
many of his misdeeds, 542 ; when
Metellus is recalled from exile sets
sail for Cappadocia and Galatia
hoping for war against Mithridates,
548; on returning finds a rival in
Sulla, 550; loses prestige in Social
war, 552; by striving to get ap-
pointed to war against Mithridates
brings on civil strife, 536 f . ; gets
appointed but Sulla refuses to hand
over his troops and drives Marius
from Borne, 560; is captured and
taken to Minturnae, 568; frightens
barbarian sent in to slay him, 572 ;
is put aboard ship and sails to
Africa, 574; is warned off by
Sextilius the governor, rejoined by
his son, 57G ; gathers a force and
returns, 578 f. ; enters Rome with
Cinna and puts many to death, 584



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