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" Opima," why term was applied to
" spoiia," 1/138

Opimius, L., failed to get elected con-
sul when Fannius was supported
by C. Gracchus, X. 222; elected
consul, 226 ; given full power to act
against C. Gracchus, 228; refuses
C. Gracchus' terms of peace, 232 ;
attacks party of Fulvius, 234 ; first
consul to exercise power of dictator,
convicted of fraud and spent his
last days in infamy, 238

Oplax, Frentanian, slain by Pyrrhus,

IX. 398

Oppius, C., friend of Caesar, cited, V.
138; VII. 484


" Optip," latin for scout, XI. 258
Opuntians, surrender voluntarily to

Flamininns, X. 331

Oracles, anonymous: IV. 294, 304,
I 316, V. 6, VII. 46, 564, IX. 452. X.


Oracle of Apollo, I. 6, 36, II. 276, IV.
122, VII. 44, 46, 50, 92, 228, VIII. 162
See also " Delphi, oracle of."
Oracle from Sibylline books, vil. 44
Oracles of Ammon, Amphiaraii?,
Dodona, Heracleia, Ismenus, see
" Ammon, etc."
Oracle from Lebadeia and cave of

Trophonius, IT. 270, IV. 380
Oration, funeral, delivered by Publi-
cola in honour of Brutus earlier than
any among Greeks, I. 524; by
Pericles over those who fell at
Samos, III. 80 ; of Fabius Maximus
on the death of his son preserved,
120, 190

Orations : I. 106, 322, 324, II. IOC,
236, 250, 290, 510 f., III. 160, 398,
412, IV. 96, 130, 154 f., 172, 200 f .,204,
206 f., V. 498, VT. 90, 168, 388, 426,
438, 448, VII. 314, 458, VIII. 42, 6C,
132, 154, IX. 282, 404, X. 38, 72, 80,
118 f., 164,204,230,234
Oratory, Asiatic, characterized, IX.

Orchalides, hill afterwards called

Alopecus; its location, iv. 318
Orchomenians, have left wing of
Agesilatis* army at Coroneia;
routed by Thebans, V. 46
Orchomenians, treated severely by

Thebans, V. 522 ; II. 408
Orchomenus (1), secretly attacked by
Aratus, X. 56; 64; A ratus defeated
Megistonolis, stepfather of Cleo-
menes there, XI, 86 ; surprised and
plundered by Antigonus, 104, X.
100; 110

Orchomenus (2), taken by Lysander,
IV. 310; espoused cause of Spar-
tans; Pelopidas attempts to sur-
prise it, V. 376; Sulla defeated
Archelalis, Mithridates* general
there, II. 480, 504, IV. 392 f., 408
Orcynii, in Cappadocia; Antigonus
defeated Eumenes there, vin. 104
Oreites, their country traversed by

Alexander in 60 days, VII. 410
Oresteion, city In Arcadia, II. 244

Orestes, consul, took C. Gracchus as

quaestor to Sardinia, X. 198
Oreus, Roman fleet off it defeated by

Perseus, VI. 376
Orexartes, river crossed by Alexander

VII. 356
Orfldius, commander of legion

" Adiutrix " for Otho, slain, XI. 304.
Oricum, VI. 434; V. 284; taken by

Caesar, VII. 532
Oritanians, defeated by Sertorius, VIII.

Orneus, grandfather of Menestheus, I.

Ornis, place just outside Corinth,

XI. 44
Ornytus, with loxus led colony into

Caria, 1. 18
Oroandes, Cretan, sails off leaving

Perseus behind, VI. 422
Orobazus, Parthian, ambassador from

king Arsaces to Sulla, executed on

return, iv. 334
Oromasdes (Oromazdes) Persian god,

VII. 312, XI. 200
Orontes, Persian, closely resembled

Alcmaeon, son of Amphiaralis, xi.

Orontes, Persian, married Rhodo-

gune, daughter of Artaxerxes, XI.

Oropus, the affair of, VII. 10 ; brings

suit against Athens, II. 3G8
Orphans, made subject to taxation by

Camillus, II. 96
Orpheus, Plato banters followers of,

II. 612 ; image of him at Leibethra,

VII. 260

Orphic rites, VIT.226

Orsodates, rebellious barbarian shot
by Alexander, VII. 386

" Orthagoras," name of Corinthian
seer and friend of Timoleon accord-
ing to Ephorus and Timaeus, VI.

Orthopagus, peak of hillThurium near
Chaeroneia, IV. 382

Oryssus of Aptera in Crete, slays
Ptolemy, son of Pyrrhus, IX. 448

Osca, Spanish city where Sertorius
had noble Spanish boys educated,

VIII. 36, 68

Oschophoria, Athenian festival in-
stituted by Theseus in honour of
Dionysus and Ariadne, I. 46, 48 f.



Ostanes, son of Dareius and Parysatis,
brother of Artaxerxes, XI. 128, 136,

Ostia, VII. 578, IX. 560; seized by
Marius, 580

Ostracism, its nature and purpose,
II. 214, 230 f., III. 28, 246, IV. 30;
Hipparchus of Cholargus, 1st man
to be ostracized, III. 250; Hyper-
bolus, last man, 246; 202; 226 ; II.
16; 62; 210; 456

Otacilius, brother of Marcellus, saved
by him in battle in Sicily, V. 438

Otho, M. (1), praetor, was first to give
special seats to knights at spectacles,
VII. 112

Otho, M. (2), married Poppaea.
(lalba minded to declare him his
successor, XI. 246 f . ; first of pro-
vincial governors to go over to
Galba, 248; plots against Qalba and
is proclaimed emperor by the
soldiers, 256 f. ; given titles of Caesar
and Augustus, 268

His first acts as emperor, 276 f . ;
at first does not refuse name N ero,
278; troubled by suspicions his
paid soldiers had of influential
citizens, 280 f. ; hears that Vitellius
has assumed imperial power, 284;
learning that Caedna and Valens,
generals of Vitellius, are in posses-
sion of the Alps, takes the field, 286 ;
stops at Brbdllum and sends his
army forward, 288; his general
Spurina repels assault on Placentia,
290; his general Celsus defeats
Oaecina near Cremona, 292; Otho
conies to the camp near Cremona
and holds council of war, 294;
decides on early battle and returns
himself to Brixillum, 298 ; his army
defeated by that of Vitellius, 302 f.";
learns of defeat and resolves to die,
310 f . ; after making some disposi-
tions falls upon his sword, 312 f.;
gets modest burial, 316; his troops
swear allegiance to Vitellius, 318

Otryae, place in Phrygia, II. 496

" Oulamos," a? constituted by Lycur-
gus, was 50 horsemen in square
formation, I. 276

Outer sea, DC. 488

Ovatio, meaning of the word, des-
cription of the thing, V. 494; cele-

43 2

brated by Crassus for Servile war,

III. 350
" Ovicula," surname of Fabius

Haximus in childhood, III. 118
Oxathres, son of Dareius and Pary-

satis, brother of Artaxerxes

Mnemon, XI. 128, 136
Oxus, river in Asia, has very soft

water, VII. 388
Oxyartes, sou of Abuletes, slain by

Alexander, vil. 388, 414

Paccianus, sent to Africa by Sulla to

help Ascalis, slain by "Sertorius,

VIII. 22
Paccianus, 0., taken prisoner at

Oarrhae, III. 416
Paccus, attendant of Cato the Elder in

Spain, II. 332
Paches, Athenian, captor of Lesbos,

committed suicide, II. 294, in. 226
Pachynus, headland of Sicily, VI. 52
Pacorus, son of Hyrodes, marries sister

of Artavasdes,' ill. 420; defeated

and slain by Ventidius, III. 422, ix.

212 I

Paeania, deme of Demosthenes, VII.

48 ; of Demon, 68
Paedaretus, Spartan, rejoiced because

300 better than himself, I. 282
Paedonome, directed boys at Sparta,


Paeon, Amathusian, cited, I. 42
Paeonia, V. 220
Paeonians, ruled byAutoleon, IX. 368 ;

VI. 402
Pagasae, fleet of Greeks wintered there

after Xerxes fled, II. 54
" Pagi," divisions of Roman territory

made by Numa, I. 362
Painting, by Protogenes the Caunian,

illustrating story of lalysus, IX. 50 ;

of Hercules and Omphale, 336 ; of

tyrant Aristratus by Melanthus,

XI. 28
Palaescepsis, city given Themistocles

by Persian king for his support, II.

Palatine, settled by Trojan exiles

I. 90, 146, 154, 160, 552, 554, VII.

100, 120, 134, 172
Palatium, XI. 262
Palestine, triumphed over by Porupey,

V. 230


Palladium, in Athens, I. 62 ; on

Athenian acropolis, dedicatory offer-
ing of Nicias, III. 214; at Delphi,

dedicated by Athens, HI. 254
Palladium of Troy, in temple of Vesta,

II. 144
Pallantidae, I. 8; make war on

Theseus; betrayed by Leos, are

defeated, 24
Pallantium, where Aratus prevents

Aristomachus joining battle with

Cleomenes, X. 58, XI. 82
Pallas, had 50 sons, I. 8
Pallene, township of, why it has no

intermarriage with township of

Agnus, I. 26
" Palm," name of spring in Boeotia

where Apollo was born, V. 378
Palm, custom of giving it to victors

begun by Theseus, I. 44
Palm-tree, bronze, erected on Delos

by Nicias in honour of Apollo, in.

216 f.
Palus Maeotis, VII. 352. See also

" Maeotic Lake."
Pammenes, kept Philip as hostage in

Thebes, V. 404 f . ; quoted, 382
Pamphilus, painter, some of his works

collected by Aratus and sent to

Ptolemy, XI. 28
Pamphylia, II. 440, V. 312
Pan, loved Pindar and his verses,

1.318; 11.246
Panactum, not restored to Athens with

walls intact, III. 242, IV. 32;

garrisoned by Cassander, reduced

by Demetrius and restored to

Athens, IX. 54
Panaetius (1), commands Taenian

trireme, II. 38
Panaetius (2), cited, II. 212 f., 290,

416, VII. 32
Panathenaic festival, instituted by

Theseus, I. 52 ; musical contests

added by Pericles, III. 42
Pandion, adopted Theseus, I. 24
Pandosia, city in Italy, IX. 394
" Panemus," Boeotian name for

Metageitnion, II. 138, 274
Pannonia, armies there faithful to

Otho, XI. 284
Panope, city destroyed by hosts of

Mithridates, IV. 376
Panopeans, Lysander buried in their

soil, IV. 314

Panopeus, father of Aigl6, 1. 40, 66
Pans, resemble Picus and Faunus, I.

Pansa, consul with Hirtius, begs Cicero

to stay at Rome, agreeing to put

down Antony, VII. 190 ; VI. 452 ;

wages war on Antony and is slain

with Hirtius, at Mutina. VII. 198,

IX. 174
Pantaleon, most influential Aetolian,

XI. 74
Pantauchus, general of Demetrius,

defeated in Aetolia by Pyrrhus, IX.

100, 364
Panteus, general under Cleomenes in

capture of Megalopolis, X. 102 ;

dies with Cleomenes in Egypt, 136 ;

his wife executed by Ptolemy, 138
Panthers, VII. 174
Panthoidas, Spartan harmost, slain

at Tanagra, V. 376
Panthoides, Chian, son-in-law of

Themistocles, II. 88
Paphlagonia, subdued by Alexander,

VII. 272; VIII. 84; IV. 39S; 11.580;

triumphed over by Pompey, V. 230 ;

ruled by Philadelphia, ix. 276
Papiria, Maso's daughter, first wife of

Aemilius Paulus, mother of Scipio

and Fabius Maximus, VI. 364
Papirius, M., slain by a Gaul, II

Pappus, source of Hermippus' story

of Demosthenes' death, VII, 74
Paraetonium, ix. 294
Paralus, son of Pericles and his first

wife, III. 70; last of Pericles'

legitimate sons to die, III. 106
Paralus, Athenian ship, escaped from

Aegospotami, IV. 260
Parapotamii, Boeotian city on the

river Assus, in ruins in Sulla's time,

IV. 378
" Parasitein," practice of eating at the

public table iu the townhall, regu-
lated by Solon, I. 472
Parauaea, in Macedonia, given

Pyrrhus by Alexander, IX. 360
Parilia, pastoral festival on April 21st,

celebrated even before founding of

Rome, 1. 120; 156
Paris, defeated by Achilles and

Patroclus in Thessaly, I. 78; slew

Achilles at gates, IV. 452 ; his lyre

VII. 62; IX. 338



Pariscas, eunuch of Cyrus the Younger
XI. 162

Parma, embassy from, acts as arbi-
trator in dispute between Marius
and Catulus, IX. 536

Parmenides, natural philosopher, in.

Parmenio, conquered Illyrians at time
of birth of Alexander, VII. 2i>0;
father of Philotas, 248 ; 264; 276;
284; 316 f.; 318 f.; 326; 342; exe-
cuted by Alexander, 366

Parnassus, IV. 374

Parrhasius, made likenesses of
Theseus, I. 10

Parricide, no penalty for, ordained by
Theseus, 1. 162

Parsley, its use, VI. 322 f.

Parthenon, built in Pericles* tune;
Oallicrates and Ictinus the archi-
tects, III., 40, IX. 54

Parthia, invaded by Alexander, VI I.
354; II. 592; III. 370; V. 314; VI. 254

Parthian arrows, II. 592, III. 388, 390 f .

Parthians, send friendly embassy to
Sulla, IV. 334 ; their power humbled
by Tigranes, II. 536 ; Lucullus plans
to invade their country, 570 ; 590 ;
refer to Pompey settlement of
territorial quarrel with Armenians,
V. 216; Ateius, tribune of the
people, tries to stop Crassus' ex-
pedition against them, III. 362 ;
send embassy to Crassus, 368;
confront Crassus; their manner of
fighting, 386 f . ; defeat and slay P.
Crassus and his force, 390 f., VTI.
172 ; defeat Crassus' main force,
III. 398 f., VII. 172; warred
on by Bibulus, IX. 148; threaten
Mesopotamia and Syria, 196 ; under
Labienus subduing Asia, 204; de-
feated by Ventidius, 210; harass
Antony's army, 232 f . ; 334 ; 46

Parysatis, daughter of Artaxerxes
I., wife of Dareius, mother of
Artaxerxes II., Cyrus, Ostanes,
Oxathres, XI. 128; favours Cyrus'
claim to the throne, 130; intercedes
for his life, 132 ; blamed for revolt
of Cyrus, plots death of Stateira,
138 f.; savagely punishes Carian
who killed Cyrus, 158 f.; 162; has
revenge on Masabates who cut off


head and hand of Cyrus, 164 f. ;
tries to save Greek generals, 168;
poisons Stateira, 170 f.; sent off to
Babylon by Artaxerxes, 172; re-
stored to favour, causes death of
Tissaphernes, approves Artaxerxes'
marriage to Atossa, his own
daughter, 180 f .

Pasacas, horse ridden by Cyrus at
Cunaxa, XI. 146

Pasargadae, where Persian king was
inducted by priests, XI. 130

Paseas, father of Abantidas, XI. 4;
became tyrant of Sicyon ; slain by
Nicocles, 8

Pasicrates, king of Soli, choregus
competing against Nicocreon, king
of Salamis, VII. 308

Pasiphae, accused of too great inti-
macy with Taurus, I. 36; had
temple and oracle at Thalamae, X.
20 ; had precinct at Sparta, 64

Pasiphon, dialogue of his cited, ill.

Pasitigris river, vni. 120

Passaro, place in Molossian land, IX.

Pataecus, boasted he had Aesop's soul ;
cited, I. 418

Patara, city, surrenders to Brutus,
VI. 198

Patareans, VI. 130

Patavium, vil. 554

" Pater patriae," title conferred on
Cicero by the people, vil. 138

Patrae, its citizens persuaded by
Alcibiades to attach their city to sea
by bng walls, IV. 38; IX.22; XI.108;
brought over to Rome by Cato the
Elder, II. 336 ; IX. 274

" Patres conscripti," name given by
Romans to senators, I. 124

Patricians, 100 in number chosen from
people by Romulus ; who they were
and why so called, I. 122 f.; 100
Sabines elected to their numbers,
150; those of Romans and
Sabines united, 152; lost much
power under Romulus; suspected
when he disappeared, 172, 308 ;
150 in number when Romulus died,
312 ; accuse people of driving out
Coriolanus unjustly, IV. 184; for
bidden to have house on Capitoline,
II. 188 ; one censor a patrician, 346


Patrobius, adherent of Nero, executed

by G-alba, XI. 240 ; 270
Patrocles, advises Seleucus not to

allow Demetrius to remain in

country, IX. 118 f .
Patroclus, with Achilles defeated Paris

in Thessaly, I. 78; brother of

Myrto, II. 278
Patron, came to Italy with Evander, I.


" Patronatus," supposed to be de-
rived from " Patron," I. 124
Patronis, town in Greece, IV. 374
Patrons, protectors, their relation to

their clients, I. 126, IX. 472
Paulinus, Suetonius, in command of

part of Otho's forces, XI. 288; too

slow at battle of Cremona, 292 ; lost

his power to Proculus, XI. 294 ; 296 ;

Paulus, L. Aemilius (1), consul with

Varro, III. 160; slain at Cannae,

III. 166; VI. 358; quoted, III. 166
Paulus, L. Aemilius (2), took over

army in Macedonia, XI. 206 ; father
of Scipio the Younger, subdued
Perseus, II. 346, 362, IV. 364, XI,
124 ; father of Tertia, and of Scipio
the Younger, n. 364. See also
" Aemilius Paulus, L." No. 2.

Paulus, L. Aemilius (3), when consul
bought by Caesar for 1500 talents,
with which he built the Basilica in
the forum, V. 268, VII. 514; brother
of Lepidus the triumvir, proscribed
by him, VII. 200, IX. 178

Pausanias (1), father of Pleistoanax,
I. 268, X. 8; commander of all
Hellenic forces against Mardonius,
joins Aristides, II. 238, 252, 256, 258,
264; at prayer before battle, 266;
defeats Mardonius at Plataea, 58,
268 f ., X. 8 ; rapacious and severe
toward allies, alienates them, II,
282 f. ; has treasonable corres-
pondence with Persians, 418; driven
from Byzantium by allies, 422 ;
makes treasonable proposals to
Themistocles, discovered and put
to death, 62 f.

Pausanias (2), forms juncture with
Agis and Lysander before Athens,

IV. 268; frustrates Lysander's
scheme to get pretext for taking
Athens 2nd time, 290; sent with

army against Boeotia, 310 ; comes
to Haliartus and asks for body of
Lysauder, makes truce, 314; flees
to Tegea where he dies, 318; was
son of Pleistoanax, succeeded by
his elder son Agesipolis, X. 8

Pausanias (3), slew Philip of Macedon,
VII. 250; 52

Pausanias (4), physician, gets letter
from Alexander, vil. 346

Pausanias (5), acting for Seleucus,
seizes Demetrius and conducts him
to the Syrian Chersonese, IX. 128

Peace, altar of, built by Athenians to
commemorate Eurvmedon, II. 446 ;
of Antalcidas, V. 62, XI. 176; be-
tween Octavius and Antony, IX.
204, 216; between Greeks, V. 98;
of Nicias, in. 240, IV. 32 ; between
Philip and Romans, X. 346 ; be-
tween Sextus Pompeius, Antony,
and Octavius, IX. 206 f . ; between
Sulla and Archelalis, IV. 398;
between Timoleon and the Cartha-
ginians, VI. 340

" Peculium," derived from " pecus,"

I. 532

Pedalium, place in the Chersonese,

II. 544

Pedicularis morbus, IV. 438

Pedum, Latin city taken by Volscians
under Coriolanus, IV. 186

Pegae, in Megarid, III. 60, XI. 98, 100

Peiralo gate, at Athens, I. 62, IV. 370

Peirithoiis, becomes friend of The-
seus, marries Deldameia, I. 68 ;
helps Theseus carry off Helen from
Sparta; is seized by Aldoneus, king
of Molossians and killed, 72

Peisianacteum, later called Painted
Colonnade, adorned by Polygnotus,
II. 414

Peisander (1), sent to Athens to change
form of government, IV. 74

Peisander (2), put in charge of navy
by Agesilaii*, v. 26; defeated off
Cnidus by Pharnabazus and Conon,
V. 46

Peisistratidae, expelled by Cleisthenes,
ill. 8

" Peisistratidae, new," name given
Pericles and his associates by comic
poets, III. 50

Peisistratus, related to Solon and great
friend of his at first, I. 404, 406 ; of



township Philaidae, 428 ; son of
Hippocrates, 490; supported Solon
in war on Balamis, 422 ; leading the
Hill-men becomes tyrant of Athens
in spite of Solon's opposition, 486 f .,
572 ; courts Solon and retains most
of his laws, made law that those
maimed in war should be maintained
at public expense, 494; expunged
verse from Hesiod and inserted one
in Inferno of Homer, 40; married
Timonassa of Argolis and begot
lophon and Thessalus, II. 376; III,
16; saying of his, II. 376
Pelagon, Euboean, II. 20
Pelasgians, said to have settled city

and called it Rome, I. 90
Peleus, son of Aeacus and Endels, I. 20
" Peleus," name given Philip by
Lysimachus, Alexander's tutor, VII.

Pelias, father of Acastus, IV. 440
Pelignians, repulsed at Pydna, VI. 406
Pella, city of Macedonia, VI. 416
Pella, L., ex-praetor, condemned by

Brutus for embezzlement, VI. 202
Pellene, X. 18; seized by Aetolians,
freed by Aratus, XI. 70 ; stormed by
Cleomenes, 90, x. 86
Pelopidae, IX. 464

Pelopidas, his character and career,
V. 344; his famiJy and wealth, was
friend of Epaminondas, 436 f . ;
saved by Epaminondas in battle
with Spartans against Arcadians at
Mantineia, 348; arouses Theban
exiles to attempt liberation of
Thebes, 354; leads band of exiles to
Thebes and slays Theban tyrants,
356 f.; elected boeotarch, "drives
Spartans from acropolis, 370; with
Gorgias devises scheme to embroil
Athens with Sparta, 372; wins dis-
tinction in battles with Spartans,
especially at Tegyra, 376 f., 380, 386
First to side with Epaminondas
to give battle to Cleoinbrotus, 388;
before Leuctra has strange dream,
390, 392 ; with his band of 300 turns
the tide at Leuctra, 39 if.; boeo-
tarch with Epaminondas Invades
Peloponnesus, detaches most of
Spartan allies, takes many cities,
ravages Spartan land, 396 f.; re-
stored Messenia and settled Ithome,

tried for his life on return, 398 f . ;
goes to help Thessalians against
Alexander of Pherae, 402 f . ; goes
to Macedonia and acts as arbiter be-
tween Ptolemy and Alexander, king
of the Macedonians, brings Philip
and others as hostages to Thebes,
404 ; goes once more to help Thes-
salians against Alexander of Pherae,
and to deal with Ptolemy who had
killed the king of Macedonia, 406 ;
is taken prisoner along with
Ismenias by Alexander of Pherae,
408; visited by Thebe, wife of
Alexander, 410; with Ismenias is
recovered by Epaminondas and
brought home, is sent on embassy to
Persian king, 414, XI. 178 f.; highly
honoured by Artaxerxes, who grants
all his demands, 416; sent once
more to help Thessalians against
Alexander of Pherae, 420; attacks
him at Cynoscephalae and is slain,
422 f. ; bitterly mourned and given
splendid funeral by Thessalians,
426 f.

See also II. 212, VI. 344, XI. 34
Quoted : V. 383, 410, 422

Peloponnesian war, its causes, in,
82~f ., 202 ; its course, 94 f ., 226 f .,
IV. 42 f., 238 f.

Peloponnesianp, their character, TI.
414; attack Pylos, and 400 Spar-
tans are cut off on island of Sphac-
teria, III. 230 ; IV. 90 ; defeated by
Athenians off Arginusae islands, III.

Peloponnesus, I. 72, n. 26, 460, III. 56 ;
ravaged first by Tolmides, then by
Pericles, 60 ; ravaged by Athenians,
98; invaded by Thebans under
Epaminondas and Pelopidas, V. 396 ;
invaded by Demetrius, IX. 58; by
Pyrrhus, 434 ; freed from Macedon- .
ians by Aratus, X. 82; XI. 92; II.

Pelops (1), strongest of kings in
Peloponnesus, ancestor of Theseus
on his mother's side, I. 6 ; father of
Lysidice and Pittheus by Hippo-
dameia, 16

Pelops (2), of Byzantium, gets angry
letter from Cicero, VII. 142

Pelusium, in Egypt, taken by Antony,
IX. 142 f . ; by Octavius Caesar, 306


Peneius river, in volume and speed
equalled by Apsus, X. 328

Penelop6, wife of Lysimachus, IX 60

Pensions, given to descendants of
Aristides by Athens and by Deme-
trius, II, 296

Pentakosiomedimnoi, those with 500
measures yearly increase ; highest
class in Solon's scheme, I. 450, II.
210, 386

Pentapyla, part of Syracuse, VI. 62

Penteleium, won over by Cleoraenes,
X. 86, XI. 90

Pentheus, character in " Eacchae " of
Euripides, III. 420

"People's Flight," name of day on
which Romulus disappeared, 1. 182

Peparethus, Diocles of, I. 96

Percote', city given by Persian king to
help support Themistocles, II. 80

Perdiccas (1), in Thrace, III. 428

Perdiccas (2), with Alexander on his
expedition, VII. 262; advanced to
Hephaestion's place after his death,
VIII. 78; accomplice of Roxana
in murdering Stateira; in great
authority after Alexander's death,
Vli. 436; urged by Demades to
seize Macedonia and deliver Greeks,
78; informed of designs of Leon-
natus by Eumenes, makes him
satrap of Cappadocia, sends him
back from Cilicia to reduce Armenia
to obedience, viil. 86 f. ; 90; slain
in mutiny in Egypt, 100

Pcrgamenians, VI. 130

Pergamum, X. 194; occupied by
Mithridates, IV. 358; II. 478; home
of A.thenodorus ; its libraries given
to Cleopatra, IX. 270

Pergamus, district of, in Crete, I. 302

Hep! oLirilav 'Pio/j.a.iKtai', work by
Plutarch, II. 140

Periander, son of Cypselus, XI. 8 ;
arranged joint conference and
banquet for 7 wise men at Corinth,
1.412; 432

Ilepi /Sao-iAeias, work by Theophrastas,
II. 68

Periboea, mother of Aias, married by
Theseus, I. 66

Pericleidas, goes to Athens to get aid
for Sparta against Helots and
Messenianp, n. 454

Pericles, his family and physical

deformity, III. 6 f . ; had Damon as
teacher in music, 8, II. 214 ; studied
with Zeno the Eleatic and Anaxa-
goras the Clazomenian, III. 10; as
a young man reluctant to face the
people 16 ; joined the party of the
people and shunned society, 18 ;
excelled as an orator, 20 f . ; aristo-
cratic rather than democratic in
administration, 24; opposes Cimon
and the Council of the Areiopagus,
26 ; has Cimon recalled from banish-
ment, 28, II. 458; made lenient to
Cimon by Elpinice, Cimon's sister,
448,111.30; opposed by Thucydides
of Alopece', leader of the " Good and
True," 32; catered to the people,
sent out numerous colonies, adorned
Athens with public works, 34 f . ;
had Pheidias as general overseer of
these works, 40; has musical con-
test added to Panathenaic festival
42 ; denounced by Thucydides for
lavish expenditure, 46 ; with banish-
ment of Thucydides has a free
hand, 46 f . ; untainted by cor-
ruption ; invites all Greek states
to send deputies to a council at
Athens to deliberate on various
questions, 54 f . ; led successful ex-
pedition to the Chersonesus, 58;
other achievements, 60 f.; right in
seeking to confine power of Athen-
ians within lesser Greece; bribes
Cleandridas to have Spartan army

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