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withdrawn from Attica, 64 ; subdued
cities in Euboea, 66 ; gets decree
passed for expedition against
Samians; his relations with Aspa-
sia, 68 f.; conducts war against
Samians, 72 f . ; receives surrender
of Samians, 78

When Peloponnesian war was
imminent, persuaded people to send
aid to Corcyraeans in their war
against Corinth, 82 ; accused of thus
furnishing enemies pretext for
war, 84; hold responsible for war,
86, 240; secures acquittal of
Aspasia, 92 ; refuses to let Athenians
attack invading army of Archi-
damus, 94 f, ; sends 100 ships to
ravage the Peloponnesus, parcels
out Aegina among the citizens,
razes the Megarid, 98; blamed for



the plague, 100, 226; fails in ex-
pedition against Epidaurus and is
fined, his domestic troubles, 102 f . ;
recalled to conduct of affairs, 106 ;
asks suspension of law about
children born out of wedlock ; what
this law was, 106 f. ; his dying
words, 110; an appreciation of
him, 112 f.

See also I. 256, II. 6, 286, 292, 294,
324, 444, 450, III. 212, 214, 290,
IV. 2, VII. 22, 32, VIII. 160

Sayings : III. 24, 36, 46, 58, 80.
110,1V. 8

Ilepl evyei/euxs, possibly work of
Aristotle, II. 296

Ilep! evo-ejSet'as, treatise by Dal-
machus, IV. 264

Ilepl ^jmeptov, treatise by Plutarch,
II. 138

Perigune', daughter of Sinis, bore
Melanippus to Theseus, afterwards
lived with Deioneus, son of Eurytus,

I. 18

Ilepl /tifrj^aTo>i>, work by Diodorus
the topographer, n. 88

Perinthus, attacked by Philip, saved
by Athenians, VII. 40, vnt. 174;
besieged by Alexander, VII. 420

Perioeci, received 30,000 lots of
Laconian land in redistribution of
Lycurgus, I. 228 ; attack Sparta, n.

Peripatetics, older, had no wide or ex-
act acquaintances with writings of
Aristotle and Theophrastus, IV. 4U6

Periphemus, hero to whom Solon
sacrificed, I. 424

Periphetes, Club-bearer, slain by
Theseus, I. 16

" Periphoretus," surname of (.he
engineer Artemon, III. 78

Ilepl TTA.OUTOV, work by Eratosthenes,

II. 74

Peripolitas, seer, conducted King

Opheltas from Thessaly to Boeotia;

his posterity, II. 404
Ilepl \!tv\r)s, treatise by Heracleides

Ponticus, II. 146
IIepi<rKvAa.(o>(.<H, rites performed by

Greeks, I. 160
Peritas, favourite dog of Alexander,

VII. 398
Ilepl 0ewi>, treatise by Antiochus the

philosopher, II. 564


Perithoedae, deme of Hyperbolas, III.
248, IV. 28

Ilepl TOV evyovs of Isocrates, cited
IV. 26

Perpenna Vento, M., abandons Sicily
to Pompey, V. 156; came to Spain
to fight iletellus, is forced to join
Sertorius, vill. 38f.; with Heren-
nius defeated by Pompey, V. 158;
defeated, captured, and executed
by Pompey, 164, VIII. 72 f. ; quoted,

Perrhaebia, VI. 392; proclaimed free
at Isthmian games by Flamininus,
X. 350

Persaeus, philosopher, commanded
Acrocorinthus for Antigonus, XI.
38; on its capture escaped to
Cenchreae; anecdote about him,

Persephone, festival of; black heifer
sacrificed, II. 500

Perseus (1), his deeds against Aethio-
pians, Medes, Armenians, II. 410

Perseus (2), son of Philip, succeeds him
to throne of Macedonia; said to
have been really son of Gnathaenion,
an Argive semptress, VI. 374, XI.
124 ; wages war on Romans, II. 362,
VI. 370; his lineage and events
prior to his accession, 372 f., IX.
134; in spite of his mean and
ignoble character wins successes
against Romans, VI. 374 f. ; through
avarice loses the help of the Bis-
ternae, 382 ; basely betrays Gen-
thius the Illyrian king; had 4000
cavalry and nearly 40,000 heavy-
armed infantry, 386 ; taken in the
rear by Scipio Nasica, 394; retires
to Pydna and prepares for battle,
396 ; is defeated by Romans under
Aemilius Paulus, 400 f . ; flees from
Pydna to Pella, 414 f. ; flees with
his treasure from Pella to Amphi-
polis, from there to Galepsus, then
sails across to Samothrace and takes
refuge in temple of the Dioscuri,
416 f. ; is left in the lurch by the
Cretan Croandes, who sails off with
his treasure, 422 ; surrenders to the
Romans, 424, II. 346; is led with
his children in triumph of Aemilius
Paulus, VI. 442 f.; the manner of
his death, 450


Persians, invaded Greece, II. 404;
defeated by Greeks at Marathon
Plataea, Mycale, Arbela, 138, 224,
III. 6; came into closer relations
with Greeks after time of Themis-
tocles, II. 80 ; defeated by Cimorx OQ
banks of Strymon, 422; 438 f.: de-
feated at the Eurymedon, 442 f.;
446 ; 464 ; defeated large forces of
Greeks in Egypt, 618 ; 620 ; attacked
by Agesilaiis, 404; send money to
Demosthenes to aid in struggle
against Philip, VII. 48; defeated
by Alexander at river Granicus, II.
138, VII. 262 ; some of their women
marry Alexander's Macedonians,
418 ; guard their women very
jealously, II. 72 ; XI. 154

" Persians " of Timotheus, opening
verse, X. 284

Persis, invaded and ravaged by
Alexander, VU. 334; VIII. 120

Pessinus, place in Asia Minor, VIII.
268, IX. 508

Pestilence, in Rome in time of
Romulus, I. 166 ; swept Rome and
Italy in time of Numa, 350 ; at
Citium, II. 466 ; at Velitrae, IV. 144 ;
at Athens, III. 98 f., 226 f.; atRome,
II. 162, 206; in Demetrius' army,
IX. 118

Petelia, hill of, Hannibal slays 2500
Romans there, V. 514; mountains
of, III. 346

Peteline Grove, scene of final trial of
Manlius, II. 188

Peteos, father of Menestheus, I. 72

Peticius, takes Pompey, the two
Lentuli, Favonius, and Deiotarus
on board his ship, V. 306 f .

Petilius, praetor, read Duma's books,
which were then burned in Comi-
tium, I. 380

Petillius, supported by Cato the Elder,
prosecutes Scipio the Great, II. 344

Petinus, adherent of Nero, executed
by G alba, XI. 240

Petra, in northern Greece, vi. 392

Petra, city in Arabia Petraea, V. 220,
IX. 296

Petrachus, the so-called, near Thurium
in Boeotia, IV. 382

Petro, Granius, see " Granius Petro."

Petronius, in army of Crassus at
Carrhae,Ill.412; legionary tribune,

assists in attempt to save Crassus,

Petronius Turpilianus, of consular
rank, ordered by Galba to take his
own life, XI. 236, 240

Pcucestas, with Alexander on his
expedition, VII. 346 f . ; saves
Alexander, 404 ; friend of Eumenes,
with other satraps joins him, vni
118 ; rejected by soldiers in favour
of Eumenes, 120 f.; 124; fought
ignobly for Eumenes against
Antigonns, 130

Phaea, the Crommyonian sow, or, as
some say, a female robber called
sow because of her life and manners,
slam by Theseus, I. 18 f.

Phaeax (1), said to have been Theseus'
look-out man on his trip to Crete, I.

Phaeax (2), father of Erasistratus, V.

Phaeax (3), son of Erasistratus, able
opponent of Alcibiades, IV. 28; he,
not Nicias, striving with Alcibiades
when Hyperbolus was banished
according to Theophrastus, 30, III.
250 ; his speech " Against Alcibi-
ades " cited, IV. 28

Phaedimus, warns Eumenes of plots
against his life, VIII. 128

Phaedo, archonship of, I. 82

Phaedra, wife of Theseus, met with
calamities, I. 64

Phaenarete, wife of Samon, IX. 358

Phaenippus, archon eponymous in
year of Marathon, II. 228

" Phaenomerkles," term applied to
Spartan maidens, I. 248, 390

Phaestus, Epimenides of, I. 432

Phaethon, first king of Thesprotians
and Molossians after the flood;
came into Epeirus with Pelasgus,

IX. 346

Phalanx, its strength and weakness,

X. 342 ; VI. 402, 406

Phalerum, had temple of Scirus and
memorial chapels for Nausithoiis
and Phaeax,!. 34; haven of, II. 34;
210; had tomb of Aristides, 296

Phalinus, Zacynthian, sent by Arta-
xerxes after Cunaxa to parley with
Greeks, XI. 156

Phallus, phantom of, in home of
Tarchetius, king of Albans, I. 94



Phanias, Lesbian of Eresos, philo-
sopher and historian, II. 40; cited :
I. 436, 496, II. 2, 20 f ., 40, 74, 80

Phanodemus, cited : II. 38, 442, 464

Pharax, Spartan, emissary between
Dionysius and Heracleides, defeats
Dion at Neapolis, VI. 102, 286; 462

Pharmacusa, island near which Caesar
was captured by pirates, vil. 444

Pharmuthi, Egyptian month, I. 122

Pharnabazus (1), IV. 66; assists
Spartans at naval battle of Abydos,
80; defeated at Oyzicus by Alcibi-
ades, 80 f . ; defeated by Thrasyllus
and Alcibiades, 84; attempts to
raise siege of Chalcedon, put to
flight by Alcibiades, 86; makes
peace with Athenian generals on
conditions, 88; visited by Alcibi-
ades in Phrygia, 110; bidden by
Lysander to kill Alcibiades, 112 f.,
300 ; denounces Lysander to Sparta,
284 f . ; V. 20 ; his province ravaged
by Agesilalis, 28; has conference
with him, 32 f . ; defeats and slays
Peisander off Onidus, 46, XI. 176;
with Gonon ravages coasts of
Laconia, furnished money for re-
building walls of Athens, V. 62 ;
quarrels with Iphicrates and so
conducts unsuccessful war against
Egypt for Artaxerxes, XI. 184;
quoted : V. 32 f.

Pharnabazus (2), son of Artabazus,
commands foreign horse under
Eumenes, VIII. 96

Pharnaces, son of Mithridates, revolts
and thus drives his father to suicide,
submits to Pompey and sends him
gifts, V. 222 ; defeats Domitius and
drives him from Pontus, occupies
Bithynia and Cappadocia, defeated
at Zela by Caesar and driven from
Pontus, vil. 560

Pharnacia, hiding place of Mithri-
dates' women-folk, II. 524

Pharnapates, most capable general of
Hyrodes, slain by Ventidius, IX.

Pharos, visited by Alexander and
made site of Alexandria, vil. 298 f.;
560; IX. 296

Pharsalia, plain of, V. 292

Pharsalinnp, proud of cavalry, routed
by Age.- ilaiis, V. 44


Pharsalus, occupied by Alexander of
Pherae, V. 408, 422; battle of,
Caesar defeats Pompey, V. 292 f.,
VI. 134, 136, VII, 180, 182, 546 f.,
IX. 156

Pharygae, village of Phocis at foot of
Mt. Acrurium, VIII. 222

Phaselis, Hellenic city, joins Cimon
against Persians, II. 440; vil. 272

Phasis, II. 580 ; northern boundary of
Lucullus' conquests, 618; river in
Colchis, V. 206

Phayllus, athlete of Croton, in
Median wars fitted out ship at his
own expense and sailed to Salamis,
honoured in remembrance by Alex-
ander, vil. 328

Phegaea, Attic deme, IV. 60

Pheidias, III. 4; general manager and
overseer of public works under
Pericles, III. 40; made golden image
of Athena, became involved in
scandal, 44; charged with em-
bezzlement, dies in prison, 88 ;
moulded Zeus of Homer according
to Aemilius Paulus, VI. 428

" Pheido," surname of Demetrius, VII.

Pheneus, captured by Cleomenes, X.
86, xi. 90

Pherae (1), ruled by Alexander, V.
402, 406

Pherae (2), Achaean city, menaced by
Cleomenes, X. 78

Pheraean, the, see " Alexander of

Phereboea, married by Theseus, I. 66

Pherecles, approaches priestesses of
Dodona for Lysander, IV. 304

Phereclus, son of Amarsyas, accord-
ing to Simonides was pilot of ship
bearing Theseus and other victims
to Crete, I. 34

Pherecydes (1), though foreigner,
honoured at Sparta, X. 24; lyric
poet, eaten of worms and died,

IV. 440

Pherecydes (2), cited, I. 36, 58
Pherecydes, wise man, put to death by
Spartans and his skin preserved,

V. 390

Pherendates, commander of Persian
infantry at Eurymedon according
to Ephorus, II. 440

Pherenicus, outlawed from Thebes by


Spartans holding the Cadmeia, V.

352; 356
Pheristus, with Megellus, repeoples

Agrigentum, VI. 344
Phersephone, wife of Aldoneus, I.

Phiditia, Spartan for public messes;

etymology of the word, I. 236, V. 54
Phila, daughter of Antipater, wife

first of Craterus then of Demetrius,

IX. 32 f., 50, 334: 64; mother of

Antigonus and Stratonic6, 76 f.,

90, 134; had sister Eurydice", 116;

commits suicide, 112
" Philadelphus," Greek surname from

a special excellence, IV. 142
Philadelphus, king of Paphlagonia,

fights under Antony, IX. 276
Philaeus, son of Ajax, became

Athenian citizen and made over

Salamis to Athens, I. 426
Philagrus, teacher of Metellus Nepos,

VII. 148

Philaldae, Attic township to which
Peisistratus belonged ; named after
Philaeus, son of Ajax, I. 428

Philargyrus, freedman of Cato the
Younger, VIII. 328

Philaras, stream joined by Hoplites,
in Boeotia, IV. 316

Philetas, poet, III. 4

Philides, horse-breeder, 11. 14

Philinna, mother of Arrhidaeus by
Philip of Macedon, VII. 436

Philip, with Archias and Leontidas
persuades Phoebidas to seize Cad-
meia, V. 350 f . ; polemarch at
Thebes, 354; slain, 366

Philip of Macedon, his character, vil.
232, 234, VIII. 4; progenitor of
Perseas, VI. 384; brought as
hostage to Thebes by Pelopidas,
V. 404 f . ; married Olympias, sister
of Arymbas, VII. 226; took Poti-
daea, 230; made Euboea submit
to its tyrants, 40, VIII. 170 ; leaving
Alexander as regent, made expedi-
tion against Byzantium, VII. 244,

VIII. 174 ; expelled from Hellespont
through Phocion, 176 ; his successes
in regard to Amphissa, Elateia, and
Phocis, VII. 42; defeats Greeks at
Ohaeroneia, n. 138, VII. 48, 244,
VIII. 178; proclaimed commander-
In-chief of Greeks, IX. 58 ; marries

Cleopatra; vil. 2-16; IX. 338; slain,
VII. 50, VIII. 180

See also VI. 296, VII. 30, 38, 42,
228, 236, 240, 246, 248, 250, VIII.
78, XI. 52

Quoted : III. 4, V. 386, VI. 29C,
VII. 236

Philip, companion of Alexander, made
ruler of large territory in India, VI).

Philip, the Acharnanian, cures Alex-
ander, vil. 276

Philip (Arrhidaeus), see Arrhidaeus.

Philip, father of Antigonus, IX. 6

Philip, son of Antigonus and Strato-
nic6, younger than his brother
Demetrius, died early, ix. 6, 54

Philip, eldest son of Cassander, after
latter's death reigned over Mace-
donians short time, then died,
leaving two brothers, Antipater and
Alexander, IX. 86

Philip, had daughter Antigone by
Berenice^ IX. 356

Philip, successor of Antigonus Doson,
sent into Peloponnesus by latter,
XI. 106 ; supports Aratus as general
of Achaeans, wins obedience of
Cretans quickly, conducts vigorous
campaign against Aetolians, 110;
put to death courtiers for attacking
Aratus, sets Messenians by the ears,
112; lost his fleet to" Romans,
ravaged territory of Messenians,
116 ; got Taurion to poison Aratus,
118; at war with Rome, X. 324;
faces Publius Villius, 328; driven
from mountains along Apsus by
Flamininus, 330; 334; meets
Flamininus, but refuses his terms,
336 ; sends unsuccessful embassy
to Rome, 338; defeated by
Flamininus at Oynoscephalae, n.
350, VI. 372, X. 292, 340, 386; 344;
terms of peace with Rome, 346,
362, XI. 122 ; left kingdom to his
son Perseus, 124, II. 334

See alto IX. 8, X. 274, 286, 348,

Quoted : X. 344 f., XI. 36

Philip, freedman of Pompey, V. 320

Philip (L. Marcius), married mother
of young Caesar, negotiates with
Cicero, VII. 194

Philip, the Chalcidian, cited, VII. 356




Philip of Theangela, cited, VII. 356
Philippi, IV. 402; battle of, VI. 178,

186, 208, 212
Philippics, name given Cicero's

speeches against Antony, VII. 142,

Philippides, enemy of Stratocles, IX.

Philippides (Kock in. 308), IX. 30,

Philippus, L., moves that Pompey be

sent against Sertorius, V. 118, 156
Philippus, Marcius, censor with Aemi-

lius Paulus, VI. 456
Philippus, gives his daughter Marcia

first to Cato, then to Hortensius,

VIII. 292 ; consul, 330
Philistus, his language corrected by

Timaeusjil. 210 ; recalled from exile

by Dionysius, the Younger, VI. 22 f . ;

advises Dionysius to banish Dion,

28, 38; in wait for Dion's fleet at

lapygia, 52 ; defeated and slain

by Syracusans, 76 ; his books sent

to Alexander, vil. 242.

Cited : III. 276, 306, V. 428, VI.

Phillidas, contrives to be appointed

secretary to Archias and Philip, the

polemarchs, V. 354; helps exiles

kill tyrants and drive Spartans from

Thebes, 360
Philo, arsenal of, burned by Sulla,

IV. 372
Philo, represented doctrines of Car-

neades, founder of N ew Academy, II .

606; disciple of Cleitomachus, his

lectures attended by Cicero, vn. 8G ;


Philo, the Theban, cited, VII. 356
Philoboetus, hill in plains of Elatea,

IV. 374
Philochorus, cited, I. 28, 30, 34, 36,

58, 68, 80,111.292
Philocles, one of Athenian commanders

at Aegospotami, iv. 254; executed

by Lysander, 264 ; 454
Philocles, cited by Didymus, I. 404
Philocrates, member of embassy of ten

sent to Philip, VTI. 38
Philocrates, servant of C. Gracchus,

slays his master and then himself,

X. 236
Philoctetes, once ruled territory about

Olizon, II. 22 f.


Philoctetes, character in play of same
name, I. 400

" Philoctetes," play of uncertain
authorship (Nauck 841), cited, I.

Philocyprus, one of kings of Cyprus,
loved Solon greatly, named new
city Soli in his honour, I. 476.

Philologus, freedman of Q. Cicero,
betrayed Cicero to his murderer,
punished by Pomponia, vn. 206

Philombrotus, succeeded by Solon as
archon, I. 436

Philomelus, Phocian, one of party
that seized Delphi and plundered
sanctuary, VI. 334

Philoneicus, Thessalian, offered Buce-
phalus to Philip for 13 talents, VII.

Philonicus, Licinius, see " Licinius

Philopoemen, son of Craugis, reared
first by Oleander, then by Ecdemus
and Megalophanes, X. 256 ; his
appearance, 258 ; his character,
260 ; youthful activities and train-
ing, 262 f . ; stoutly resists Cleo-
menes when latter seized Megalo-
polis at night, 264; persuades
Megalopolitans to refuse Cleomenes*
offer to restore their city, 104, 266 ;
distinguishes himself in battle at
Sellasia, 266 ; refuses service under
Antigonus, 270 ; serves with credit
in Crete, is made commander of
Achaean cavalry, defeats Aetolians
and Eleians at river Larissus, 272 ;
makes Achaeans independent of
foreign protectors, changes armour
and drill of troops, 276; defeats
Machanidas, tyrant of Sparta at
Mantineia, 280 ; honoured at
Nemean games, 284

His life attempted by Philip of
Macedon, rescues Messene from
Nabis, 286; serves with distinction
as general of the Gortynians in
Crete, 288; saved by Achaeans
from being exiled by his native
city, 290; chosen general against
Nabis, defeated in naval battle,
292; defeats Nabis, 294; gives
secret umbrage to Flamininus, 296,
360; brings Sparta into Achaean
league, 296; shuts out Flamiuinus


and Diophanes from Sparta and
brings it back again into the league,
300 ; as general of Achaean league,
tore down walls of Sparta, annexed
it to Megalopolis, and abolished
constitution of Lycurgus, 302 ;
defeats Deinocrates, who had in-
duced Messen6 to revolt from
Achaean league, but is taken
prisoner, 310; drinks poison sent
in by Deinocrates and dies, 314;
his death avenged, his funeral, 314
See also 368, XT. 54
Quoted : X. 258, 290, 304, 306,

Philosophers, their definition of love,
I. 190; fared ill until Plato came,
III. 290; troubled Alexander in
India, many hanged by him, VII.
392; assist Dio, VI. 46 ;'294; those
at Athens treated with munificence
by Pompey, V. 224 ; how speculative
philosopher differs from statesman,
III. 54

Philosophy, higher, influence on
Pericles, HI. 12; effect of its lack,
XI. 24; II. 472

Philosophy, natural, removes super-
stition, HI. 14; Latin terms of,
provided by Cicero, vil. 184

Philostephanus, cited, I. 276

Philostratus, philosopher, honoured
by Cato in Sicily, vill. 374; par-
doned by Octavius, IX. 318

Phllotas, son of Pannenio and friend
of Alexander, vil. 248; 254; 316;
342; suspected of plotting against
Alexander, is put to death, 360

Philotas, physician of Amphissa, his
anecdote about Antony, IX. 198

Philotis, or Tutula, serving-maid,
proposes and carries out ruse to
defeat Latins, I. 184, u. 176

Philoxenus, son of Ptolemy, given as
hostage to Pelopidas, V. 406

Philoxenus, dithyrambic poems of,
sent to Alexander, vil. 242

Philoxenus, commander of Alexander's
forces on sea-board, VII. 284.

Phlius, attacked by Agesilaiis in
interests of its tyrants, V. 66 ; joins
Achaean league, XT. 80; joins
Cleomenes, X. 90, XI. 90; garrison
of Oligyrtus expelled from it by
Oleomenes, X. 110

Phlogidas, Spartan, opposed to gold
and silver coinage, iv. 276

Phlogius, accompanied Autolycus,
II. 544

Phlya, native place of Myron, I. 432 ;
had chapel shrine belonging to
Lycomidae, which was burned by
barbarian?, restored by Themis-
tocles, II. 4; had temple of Apollo
the Laurel-bearer, 44

$6/3os, sacrificed to by Theseus, I. 62 ;
by Alexander, vil. 316. See also
" Fear."

Phocaea, IV. 242

Phocians, hid in caves near Tlthora
on advance of Xerxes, IV. 374;
forced by Spartans to free Del-
phians, II. 456; driven from sanc-
tuary at Delphi by Spartans and
Delphians, reinstated, III. 62;
denounced Thebans to Alexander,
vil. 254; proclaimed free at
Isthmian games by Flamininus, X.

Phocion, his lineage, pupil of Plato,
then of Xenocrates, vill. 152 ; his
character and power as speaker,
154, VII. 24, 34; attached himself
to Ohabrias, distinguished himself
in sea-fight off Naxos, VTII. 156;
strove to be both orator and states-
man, his policies, 160; sent with
small force to Eretria to oppose
Philip, 170; sent to help allies
on the Hellespont, 174; expels
Philip from Hellespont, brings help
to Megara, 176; put in charge of
Athens after Chaeroneia, opposes
rejoicing at Philip's death and
opposition to Alexander, 180;
persuades Alexander to turn his
arms against the Barbarians and
becomes his friend, 182; vexes
Alexander by refusing his gift, 184,
VII. 340; his domestic life, VTII.
188; advises Athenians to accede
to Alexander's request for trireme?,
190; resists Harpalus' attempts to
bribe him, 192; tries to restrain
people when news of Alexander's
death is brought, 194

Opposes Leosthenes, 194, VI. 274;
successfully opposes sending expedi-
tion against Boeotians, VTII. 198;
defeated Micion and his Mace-



donians, 200; as envoy persuades
Antipater not to invade Attica,
202 ; with other ambassadors sent
to meet Antipater at Thebes, 204;
induces Antipater to exempt many
from exile, 210; refuses gift of
money from Menyllus, 212, XI. 42;
persuades Antipater not to exact
moneys due from city, VIII. 214;
refuses to arrest Nicanor, Oas-
sander's general, 218; deposed
from command, 220 ; sets out with
Deinarchus and others to meet
Polysperchon, 222 ; taken back to
Athens by Cleitus, virtually under
sentence of death, 224; condemned
to death by Athenian assembly,
228; drinks the hemlock, 230;
his burial, his death avenged, 232

Sayings: 154, 158, 162, 164 f.,
174, 178 f., 190 f., 212, 226, 228 f.,
X. 4
Phocis, raided by Xerxes, II. 26; 408;

III. 56 ; IV. 310 ; occupied by Philip,

VII. 42

Phocus, son of Phoclon, victor as
vaulting rider of horses, sent by
his father to Sparta for training,

VIII. 188 f.; 212; 228; takes ven-
geance on Epicurus and Demo-
philus for his father's death, 232

Phoebidas, seized Cadmeia in time of
peace, V. 64, 350 ; slain at Thespiae
by Thebans, 376

Phoebis, sent by Cleomenes to slav
ephors, X. 64

Phoenicia, iv. 252 ; with exception
of Tyre, surrenders to Alexander,
VII. 292; 308; its cities subdued
by Tigranes, II. 534; V. 196; taken
from Tigranes by Lucullus, 202 ;
triumphed over by Pompey, 230;
given to Cleopatra by Antony, ix.
216 f.

Phoenician ships, II. 440, 444, 462,

IV. 70, 76

Phoenicians, send ships to aid of
Samians, III. 74; routed in Sicily
by Pyrrhus and their territory
subdued, IX. 418; call the cow
" thpr," iv. 382

Phoenix, reared Achilles, X. 256
Phoenix, name which Lysimachus,
tutor of Alexander, gave himself,
VII. 236


Phoenix, his surrender demanded of

Thebans by Alexander, vil. 252
Phoenix, of Tenedos, commands

foreign horse under Eumenes, Mil.

" Phoenix," name of fount where

Apollo was born, V. 378
Phorbas, father of Dexithea, I. 92 ;

loved by Apollo, 318
Phormio, Athenian general, IV. 2
Phormio, prosecuted by Apollodorus,

used speech written for him by

Demosthenes, vn. 36, 216
Phraata, large city besieged by

Antony, IX. 222, 226, 252
Phraates, Parthian, demands Tigranes

of Pompey on plea that he is his

son-in-law, and that Euphrates be

adopted as boundary between his

empire and that of the Romans,

V. 204
Phraates, put his father Hyrodes to

death and seized kingdom, in. 422,

IX. 218
Phraortes, Parthian, quarrels with

king of the Medes, IX. 254
Phrasicles, nephew of Themistocles

and husband of his daughter Nico-

mach6, took charge of Asia the

youngest, II. 88
Plirixus, Spartan, V. 90
Phrygia, n. 432 ; plundered by

Agesilaus, V. 22 ; subdued by

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