Plutarch.

Plutarch's Lives (Volume 11) online

. (page 39 of 45)
Online LibraryPlutarchPlutarch's Lives (Volume 11) → online text (page 39 of 45)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


from Athens, III. 84; campaign
against, IV. 18; taken by Philip
at time of Alexander's birth, vii.
230

Potitup, Valerius, sent to consult
oracle at Delphi about Alban lake,
n. 102

Praecia, controls Cethegus and thus
secures Cilicia for Lucullus, II. 488

Praeneste, IV. 416 ; younger Marius
besieged there, 418 ; its inhabitants
slaughtered by Sulla, 428, IX. 598

451



GENERAL INDEX TO ALL THE < LIVES '



Praenestines, with Vol-cians make
war on Rome, II. 190

Praesii, their kings said to be waiting
for Alexander on banks of Ganges
with large forces, revere altars left
by him, vil. 400

Praetor, in Macedonia in time of
Lucullus, but Greece had none yet,
II. 408 ; usually granted accused
10 days in which to make defence,

VII. 104

Praetors: 0. Antonius, IX. 170;
Antistius, V. 124; Brutus and
Oassius, VII. 574; Brutus and
Servilius, IV. 350; 0. Caesar, vil.
138, 462, VIII. 298; Cato the
Younger, 340; Cicero, vil. 102;
Clodius, III. 336; Didius, in Spain,

VIII. 6; Cornelius Lentulus 2nd
time, VII. 122, 126; Lepidus, IX.
152 ; M. Lucullus, of Macedonia,
VTI.448; Marine, ix. 472; M. Otho,
VII. 112; Aemilius Paulus with 12
lictors, VI. 362; Petilius, I. 380;
Pompouius, III. 126 ; Rubrius, VIII.
254; Salonius, II. 384; Sulla, IV.
334; 0. Sulpicius, VII. 126; P.
Varinus, III. 338 ; Vatinius, V. 250 ;
0. Vergilius, vn. 164; Verres, 98;
Vetus, in Spain, 452

Pranichus, poet, VII. 368
Praxagoras, advises Neapolitans to

offer sacrifices for Pompey's re-
covery, V. 264
Praziergidae, celebrate the rites of

the Plynteria of Athene, IV. PS
Prayer, Pythagoreans do not allow

men to offer it cursorily, I. 354;

after praying Roman turned to

right, 11.106

Priapus, Artemis of, n. 510
Prices, II. 510, IV. 366, IX. 242, X.

148, 360 f., XI. 184
Priene, bone of contention between

Samiana and Milesians, in. 72 ;

assigned by Antony as place for

dramatic artists to dwell in, ix.

266

Priestess, Pythian, iv. 304
Prima, daughter of Herilia and

Romulus, I. 130
" Principia," Roman word for

general's quarters, XI. 228
" Prisons," original cognomen of

Cato the Elder, IT. 302

452



Priscus, Helvidius, see " Helvidius
Priscus."

Prisoners, exchange of, between
Fabius and Hannibal, in. 140

Proauga, daughter of Agesilaiis, v. 52

Procles, Spartan king, son of Aristo-
demus and father of Soils. V. 52

Proconnesus, Aristeas of, 1. 178

Procrustes, slain by Theseus, I. 188

Proculeius, bidden by Octavius to get
Cleopatra alive, does so by ruse
IX. 314

Proculus, prefect of guards sent by
Otho to army with full authority,
XI. 294; leads troops out of
Bedriacum for battle, 300 ; 304

"Proculus," surname of child born
in absence of father from home,
IV. 142

Proculus, Julius, by his story of seeing
Romulus ascending to heaven quiets
people, I. 176, 310; favourite of
Romans, sent to invite Numa to
accept the throne, 320

Prodigies: I. 166, 176 f., 180, 308,
634, II. 98, 126, 168, 452, 460 f.,
496, 500, 548, III. 14, 100, 122 f.,
244, 254, 288, 372 f., IV. 48, 210,
260 f., 340, 344, V. 180, 420, 442,
512, 516, VI. 48 f., 82, 210 f., 234,
276 f., 290, 398, 418, VII. 130, 161,
204, 260, 300 f ., 324, 386 f ., 588 f .,
604 f., VIII. 208, IX. 274, 308, 450,
508, 572, X. 140, 184 f., 220, 352,
XI. 100

" Prodikol," name given by Spartans
to guardians of fatherless kings,

I. 210

Promachus, won prize by drinking 4

pitchers of wine, vn. 418
" Promanteia," meaning of word,

secured for Athenians by Pericles,

III. 64
Promathion, compiler of history of

Italy, cited, I. 96
Property, III. 204, 218, 316, IV. 12,

280, V. 50, 120

Frophantus, brother of Cleinias, XI. 6
Propontis, to be guarded by Cotta,

II. 490

Propylaea, of acropolis, Mnesicles its

architect, in. 42 f .
Proscription, III. 330, iv. 426 f.
Proseoea, temple of Artemis, II. 24
Proserpina, possibly same as Libitina,



GENERAL INDEX TO ALL THE < LIVES '



I. 346; VI. 118; 276. See also

" Cora " and " Persephone 1 . "
Prosper, see " Eutyehus."
ilpof TOU? erai'povsi speech of

Andocides, II. 88

Protagoras, in discussion with Peri-
cles, III. 104 ; exiled, 290
Proteas, boon companion, forgiven

by Alexander, vil. 340
Prothoiis, opposes expedition against

Thebes, V. 78
Prothytes, her surrender demanded

of Thebans by Alexander, vil.

252
Protis, merchant, popular with Gauls,

founded Marseilles, I. 408
Protogenes, Caunian, made painting

for Rhodians illustrating story of

lalysus, captured by Demetrius,

IX. 50

Protus, Dion's pilot, VI. 52
Proverbs : I. 60, II. 540, III. 238, 246,

IV. 64, 286, 448, V. 318, VI. 322,

416, VII. 6, 318, VIII. 102, X 110,

244, XI. 2, 160, 194, 208
Provinces, extravagance of governors,

n.320; 484; 488
Proxenus, Macedonian, uncovers

spring of oily liquid near river Oxus,

VII. 386 f.

Prusias, in Bithynia, harboured Han-
nibal, asked by Flamininus to give

him up, X. 378
Prytaneium, I. 456; in Plutarch's

time preserved some of Solon's

tables of law, I. 472 ; VII. 76
Prytanes, I. 456
Prytanis, father of Lycurgus and

Emiomus, I. 206
Psammon, philosopher, heard by

Alexander in Egypt, VII. 304
Psenophis, of Heliopolis, learned

Egyptian priest with whom Solou

studied, I. 476
Psiltucis (or Scillustis) Island in

Indian ocean marking limit of

Alexander's expedition, VTI. 410
Psyche^ wife of Marphadates, VIII.

408
Psylli, Libyan people who charmed

snakes, VIII. 372
Psyttalein, small island In front of

Salami?, II. 238
Ptoeodorus, Megarian, visited by

Dion, VT. 34



rtolemaeus (1), eunuch of Mithridates
11.522

Ptolemaeus (2), encourages Otho by
his prediction, xi. 256

rtolemaif - , daughter of Ptolemy and
Eurydice, married to Demetrius,
IX. 78, 116; mother of ruler of
Gyrene, 134

Ptolemy (1), at war with Alexander,
king of Macedonia, slew him and
succeeded to throne, made peace
with Pelopidas, V. 404 f .

Ptolemy (2), nephew of Antigonus,
given as hostage to Eumenes, VIII.
108 f.

Ptolemy (3), son of Pyrrhus and Anti-
gone 1 , IX. 360, 368; repulsed by
Acrotatus, 440; slain in battle by
Oryssus, 446 f .

Ptolemy (4), son of Chrysermus.
friend of King Ptolemy but
treacherous toward Cleornenes, x.
130; slain by Cleomenes, 134

Ptolemy (5), in charge of Alexandria
under King Ptolemy, slain by
Cleomenes, X. 134

Ptolemy (6), king of Cyprus, opposed
by Cato, slew himself, VI. 130, VIII.
322

Ptolemy (7), son of Antony and
Cleopatra, given Phoenicia, Syria,
and Cilicia, IX. 262

Ptolemy Auletes, flees from Egypt,
seeks Roman aid, V. 244 f. ; re-
ceives kindness from Pompey, 314;
disregards Cato's advice not to go
to Rome, VIII. 320; bribes Gabinius
to help him recover Egypt, IX. 142 :
prevented by Antony from putting
people of Pelusium to death, 144

Ptolemy Ceraunus, with army peri.-hcd
at hands of Gauls, IX. 416"

Ptolemy Dionysius, indebted to Pom-
pey, V. 314; makes war on his
sister at Pelusium, 316; defeated
by Caesar, disappears, 324

Ptolemy Euergetes, X. 16 ; made ally
of Achaeans, XI. 54; sent Aratus
6 talents a year, 96, X. 92 ; 98 f . ;
receives Cleomenes kindly, gives
him pension of 24 talents, dies
before sending him back to Sparta,
122; 274

Ptolemy Lathyrus, gives royal wel-
come to Lucullus, but out of fear

453



GENERAL INDEX TO ALL THE < LIVES'



of Mithridates abandons alliance
with Rome, n. 476; IV. 142

Ptolemy Philadelphia, to help Aratus
get back to Sicyon, XI. 10; re-
ceives paintings from him, 28 ;
gives Aratus 150 talents for Sicyon,
30, 32 f.

Ptolemy Philometor ( ?) X. 146

Ptolemy Philopator, his character and
treatment of Cleomenes, X. 124 f.;
128 ; has Cleomenes imprisoned,
130 ; 132 ; has mother and children
of Oleomenes executed, 136; 140;
290; built a ship with 40 banks
of oars, IX. 108

Ptolemy Soter, son of Lagus, com-
panion of Alexander, banished
from Macedonia by Philip, vn.
250; received Apama, sister of
Barging, from Alexander, vill. 80;
threatened with attack by Per-
diccas, 90; defeated Demetrius in
Syria near Gaza, his general Cilles
defeated by Demetriu?, IX. 12 f.;
had more than one wife, 338 ;
besieged Halicarnassus, with Cas-
sander had subdued all Greece, 18;
defeated by Demetrius in Cyprus,
36 f ., 336 ; given title of king, 40,
VII. 336; unsuccessfully attacked
by Antigonus and Demetrius, IX.
42; 60; marries one daughter to
Lysimachus and one to the latter's
son Agathocles, 76; marries his
daughter Ptolemals to Demetrius
and makes peace with him, 78, 116,
354; marries his daughter Anti-
gone' to Pyrrhus, his hostage, 356;
sends 150 ships to assist Athenians
against Demetrius, 82, 360; takes
Cyprus, excepting Salamis, from
Demetrius, 86; 360; leagued with
Seleucus and Lysimachus against
Demetrius, sails to solicit Greek
cities to revolt, 108 f ., 374
Cited : VII. 356

Ptoiim, mountain near temple of
Apollo Tegyraeus, V. 378

Publicius Bibulus, tribune of the
plebs, impeaches Marcellus but
fails, V. 510

Public land, allotment of, by Pericles,
III. 24

Publicola, L. Gellius, with Antony
had right wing at Actium, IS. 284 f.

454



Pablicola, P. Valerius, his lineage,
his eloquence and wealth, I. 502 ;
disappointed at not being elected
as one of first two consuls, with-
draws from public life, 504 ; takes
oath not to submit to Tarquins,
506; brings to justice two sons of
Brutus, the consul, for conspiracy
to restore Tarquins, 508 f . ; pro-
tects Vindicius, who revealed the
plot to him, 516; elected consul,
has Viudioius rewarded, 518; cele-
brates triumph over Tuscans, first
consul to drive into city on a
four-horse chariot, 138, 524; takes
measures to remove his unpopu-
larity with the people, 526 f . ; uses
his sole authority to have various
important measures passed, 530 f . ;
has first Lucretius, then M. Hora-
tius as his colleague in consulship,
534; is anxious to dedicate new
temple of Jupiter Capitolinus, 536
Chosen consul 2nd time with
T. Lucretius as his colleague to
resist Lars Porsena, 542; is
wounded in battle with Porsena,
proposes honour for Horatius
Codes, 544 ; consul 3rd time, defeats
Tuscan army, 546 ; makes Porsena
arbitrator in dispute with Tarquin
and concludes peace with him,
548 f . ; sends Cloelia and the other
maidens back to Porsena, 550;
advises and assists consuls in
repelling attack of Sabines, 554;
consul 4th time, induces Appius
Clausus, a Sabine to move with
many friends to Rome, 556 f.;
defeats Sabines, 560; celebrates
triumph and dies, 562, IV. 200
Quoted : I. 558

Publicolae, trace descent to Valerius
Publicola, I. 566

Publius, stole Mithridates' sword-belt,
punished by Pharnaces, V. 224

Publius Silo, see " Pompaedius Silo."

Pulytion, played part of Torch-bearer
when Alcibiades profaned mysteries,
IV. 48, 60

Punishment, II. 282, 616 f., 532, III.
342

Puteoli, see " Dicaearchia."

Pyanepsion, month of, I. 46, 84, VII.
'70, 76



GENERAL INDEX TO ALL THE < LIVES'



Pydna, n. 68, VI. 396 ; battle of, 398 f .
Pylades, minstrel at Kcmean games,

X. 284
Pylagorae, delegates to Amphictyonic

conventions, II. 56
Pylius, adopted Hercules, I. 78
Pylos, fortified by Demosthenes,

attacked by Peloponnesians, III.

230, 232 ; Spartans captured there,

234, 238, 244, IV. 32
Pyramia, in district of Thyreatis ; near

it Danaiis first landed in country,

IX. 454

Pyrenees, II. 126
Pyrilampes, comrade of Hercules, III.

"44

Pyrrha, wife of Deucalion, IX. 346
Pyrrhidae, line of kings descended

from Neoptolemus, IX. 346
" Pyrrhus," surname of Neoptolemus,

IX. 346

Pyrrhus, son of Neoptolemna and
Lanassa, IX. 346

Pyrrhus, son of Aeacides and Phthia,
his lineage, IX. 346 f . ; as infant
given asylum by Glaucias, king of
Illyrians, 348 f . ; when 12 years
old restored to throne of Epeirus
by Glaucias, when 17 driven from
throne, joins Demetrius, fights at
Ipsus, 352 f . ; goes to Egypt as
hostage for Demetrius, 354; mar-
ries Antigone 1 , daughter of Berenice 1 ,
returns to Epeirus, 356 ; slays
Neoptolemus, who shared throne,
adds to his territory, 360 ; quarrels
with Demetriuf, 362; defeats his
general Pantauchus, 100 f., 364;
his ranking as a general, 102, 366,

X. 382 ; marries several wives
after death of Antigone", IX. 368;
overran Macedonia, 370; makes
agreement with Demetrius, 372 ;
tabes Beroea, 110, 374; proclaimed
king of Macedonia, 112, 376 ; enters
Athens, 378; driven from Mace-
donia by Lysimachus, 380

Invited to Italy by Tarentines,
384; sends Cineas ahead to Taren-
tum with 3000 soldiers, then
crosses himself, 388; defeats the
Romans at Heracleia, 394 f . ; sends
Cineas to Rome with proposals
of peace, 402; tries to corrupt
Fabricius, 406 ; warned by Fabri-



cius of danger from poison, 410;
sends Cineas again to negotiate
peace, defeats Romans at Asculum,
412 f.; invited to Sicily, defeats
Carthaginians, 418 ; puts to death
Thoenon, a Syracusan who had
invited him to Sicily and incurs
bitter hatred, 422 ; returns tc
Italy, 424; defeated by Roman?
at Beneventum, 426

Returns to Epeirus and defeats
Antigonus in Macedonia, 430 ;
invited by Cleonymus to attack
Sparta, 434 f . ; repulsed . from
Sparta, 436 f.; loses his son
Ptolemy, 448; enters Argos by
night, is slain in street fighting,
450 f.

See also, II. 306, IX. 58, 74, 86,
98, 106, X. 380

Sayings: IX. 370; 374; 386 f.;
394, X. 334 ; IX. 396 ; 416 ; 424 ; 432 ;
436

Pythagoras (1), Olympic victor, said
to have helped Numa arrange
government of Rome, I. 306

Pythagoras (2), said to have been
intimate friend of Numa, said to
have lived 6 generations after him,
I. 306; why supposed to have
influenced Numa, marvels told ol
him, 332; said first principle of
being beyond sense or feeling, said
to have been Roman citizen, 334;
his statue in forum at Rome, 336 ;
380; educator of Numa and father
of Mamercus, VI. 358

Pythagoras (3), seer, questioned by
Alexander, VII. 426

Pythagorean philosophers, in Sicily,
"invite Plato, VI. 22

Pythagoreans, place element fire in
centre of universe and call it
Vesta and Unit, I. 344; their pre-
cepts enumerated and compared
with Numa's, 354 f . ; why they
do not entrust their precepts to
writing, 380

Pytheas, verbal encounter with
Demosthenes, VIi. 18, 210; Athen-
ian orator, joins party of Antipater,
66; VIII. 190

Pythian games, list of victors at, by
Aristotle, 1. 428; IV. 282; conducted
by Demetrius at Athens, IX. 100

455



GENERAL INDEX TO ALL THE 'LIVES'



Pythian priestess, approached by

Lysander, IV. 304
Pythium, VI. 392 f.
Pythocleides, Pericles' music teacher,

III. 10
Pythocles (1), condemned to death

with Phocion, vill. 228
Pythocles (2), son of Polycrates, XI. 4
Pythodorus (1), waiting to seize

Themistocles, II. 68
Pythodorus (2), torch-bearer, opposes

initiating Demetrius into mysteries

irregularly, IX. 60
Pytholaiis, Phebe's brother, helps

slay Alexander of Pherae, V. 430
Python, story of, associated with

birth of Apollo near temple of

Apollo Tegyraeus, V. 378
Python, of Byzantium, answered by

Demosthenes, VII. 20
Python, with Seleucus sent to temple

of Serapis to ask whether Alexander

should be brought thither, vil. 434
Python, flute-player, IX. 366
Pythonicd, mistress of Harpalus, her

tomb built by Charicles, viii. 192
Pythopolis, founded by Theseus where

Solols, his friend, was drowned, I.

60



Quadrant, to be contributed by each
citizen toward expense of Pub-
licola's funeral, i. 562; smallest
copper coin, VII. 154

Quadrantia, nickname of Clodia, Til.
154

Quadrants, of Archimedes, V. 486

Quaestors, introduced by Publicola,

I. 532, 568

Cato the Elder, II. 310; Cato
the Younger, vill. 268; Cicero,
VII. 82, 94; Ti Gracchus, X. 152;
Granius Petro, VII. 480; Cornelius
Lentulus, 122; M. Lollius, vill.
272; Marcellus, 276; Sertorius,
8 ; Sulla, IV. 328 ; Titius, IX. 234 ;
P. Veturius and M. Minucius, I.
534

Quinda, treasure there, VIII. 116, IX. 76

Quinsy, VII. 62

Quintilis, original name of July, I.
174, 370, II. 178, IV. 412

Quintio, freedman of Cato the Elder,

II. 366



Quintius, L., see " Flamininus, L.

Quintius."
Quintup, officer of Crassus, defeated

by Spartacus, III. 346
Quintus, L., popular leader, quieted

by Lucullus, II. 486 ; when praetor

attacks Lucullus, 580
Quirinalis, hill at Rome, named after

Quirinus, I. 182 ; site of Numa's

palace, 354
Quirinus, name of Romulus deified,

I. 178, 182, 310; temple of, n.

144
" Quiris," ancient word for spear or

spear-head, 1. 182
"Quirites," derived from "Cures,"

I. 150, 314
" Quiritis," epithet applied to Juno,

I. 182
Quotations, anonvmeu? : l. 48; 76;

78; 238; 240;'24C; 248; 268; 27<>;

272; 284; 290; 374; 460; II. 12;

126; 220; 260; 280; 304; 460; 472;

UI. 20; 34 f.; 122; 196; 212; 368;

428; IV. 10, V. 414; IV. 64; 84;

280; 288; 326; 454; V. 102; 340;

430; VI. 144; 354; VII. 62; 150;

VIII. 188; IX. 592; XI.2



Rain shower, dissolves assembly,

X. 228
Ramnenoes, named from Romulus,

one of 3 Roman tribes, I. 152
Ransom, 250 drachmas per man, HI.

142

Rapax, legion of Vitellius, XI. 302
Rations, Cato the Elder took 3 Attic

bushels per month for himself and

retinue, II. 318

Ratumena, gate of Rome, I. 536
Ravenna, in Gaul, has marble statue

of Marius, IX. 466
Records, of Athens, II. 226; of

Sparta, V. 52

Recreation, of Cato the Elder, n. 378
Red Sea, II. 618, V. 214, IX. 296
Regia, I. 146, 182; built by Numa

near temple of Vesta, i. 354
Regillus, lake, battle of, IV. 122
Remonia, burial place of Remus, I.

118
Remonium, afterwards called Rig-

narium, precinct on Aventine, laid

out by Remus, I. 114



45 6



GENERAL INDEX TO ALL THE < LIVES'



Remus, account of his birth and early
life, 1. 102 f . ; handed over to Nurni-
tor, believed to be child of Faustulus
and Larentia, 106 ; laid out pre-
cinct on Aventine, first called Remo-
nium, afterwards Rignarium, 114;
slain by Romulus, or by Celer, 11C,
194; with his foster-fathers buried
in the Remonia, 118

Rent, of public land, forced up by
Cato the Elder when censor, n.
356

Revenue, Athenian, from silver mines
at Laureium, II. 10; embezzlement
of, by Themistocles and others
shown by Aristides, n. 220 f.;
revenues from campaign i^iven
Athens by Cimon, 432 ; how farmers
of, were held up by Alcibiades once,
IV. 14; great revenue required on
account of Rome's wars, n. 96 ;
public revenues at Rome, 50,000,000
drachmas from taxes, 85,000,000
more added by Pompey, V. 230

Revolt, of Thasians from Athens, n.
446 ; of Helots, 454

Rex, Marcius, had Tertia, sister of
Clodius to wife, vn. 154

Rhadamanthus, judge under Minos,
I. 32 ; believed to have once dwelt
near Haliartus; husband of Alc-
mene after death of Amphitryon,
IV. 312

Rhamnus, Micion lands there, vin.
200; captured by Demetrius, IX.
80; in. 226

Rhtirniius, freedman of Antony, takes
oath to slay his master if asked,
IX. 248

Rhea (1), see " Ilia."

Rhea (2), mother of Sertorius, greatly
loved by him, vni. 6, 62 f.

Rhegium,' in Italy, taken by Alci-
biades, IV. 52 ; helps Timoleon out-
wit Carthaginians, VI. 282; 306;
its garrison ordered by Fabius to
overrun Bruttium and take Cau-
lonia by storm, m. 182

Rheneia, 'island very near Delos, m.
216

Rhetoric, value of, exemplified by
Pericles, in. 48 f . ; taught by Aes-
chines in Rhodes and Ionia, vn. 60

Rhetra, meaning of term, I. 220, 244;
224; 240; 242; V. 72



Rhine, VII. 490 ; bridged and crested
by Caesar, 498

Rhipacan mountains, crossed by
Gauls, II. 126

Rhodes, 1U. 56 ; Aeschines taught
Rhetoric there, vn. 60 ; gave Alex-
ander belt made by Helicon, vn.
322 ; ally of Ptolemy, warred en
by Demetrius, DC. 48 ; makes terms
with Demetrius, 52 ; gave Lucullus
ships, n. 478; visited by Caesar
for study, vn. 446 ; visited by Pom-
pey, V. 224; visited by Cicero, vn.
90, 174; lost its fleet, 178; taken
by Cassius, VI. 192

Rhodogune, daughter of Artaxerxes,
married to Orontes, XI. 192

Rhoemetalces, Thracian, Caesar's
words regarding him, I. 140

Rhoesaces (1), story of his experience
with Cimon, n. 436

Rhoesaces (2), Persian commander,
slain by Alexander, vn. 266

Rhoeteium, x. 102

Rhomboid, in Megara, I. 64

Rhone, canal run along its mouth by
Marius, IX. 500

" Rhopoperperethras," name given
Demosthenes by one of Comic poets,
vn. 22

Rhosus, scene of meeting between
Seleucus and Demetrius, IX. 76

Rhus, in Megara, I. 64

Rhyndacus, river, defeat of part of
Mithridates' forces by Lucullus
there, U. 504

Rhyntaces, a little Persian bkd, XI.
170

Riddle, many owls sleeping under
tiling, IV. '276

Right, of selling children restricted by
Numa, I. 3GC ; of appeal by defend-
ant to people introduced by Publi-
cola, of appeal by defendant to
jurors introduced by Solon, 568 ; of
three children, see " Jus trium libe-
rorum."

Rignarium, see " Remonium."

Rites, at Sparta in commemoration
of incident at Plataea, n. 266 ; per-
formed by Athenians in month
Anthesterion in commemoration of
the deluge, IV. 372; Orphic, prac-
tised by Macedonian women, vn.
226 f . ; of Mithras, celebrated at

457



GENERAL INDEX TO ALL THE 'LIVES'



Olympia by pirates, V. 174; care
with which Romans performed
sacred rites, IV. 180; mysterious
rites at Rome in month of Novem-
ver, V. 442. See also " Funeral
rites " and " Marriage."

Road?, built by 0. Gracchus, X. 212 ;
of Italy, all end at gilded column
in Forum, XI. 260

lloma (1), woman who gave her name
to city, I. 90 ; married Latiuus, son
of Telemachus, and bore him Romu-
lus, 92

Roma (2), daughter of Italus and
Leucaria, or of Telephus, son of
Heracles, married Aeneas, or Asca-
nius, and gave her name to city,
I. 92

Roma Quadrata, built by Romulus,
1.114

Romans, why they honour second
Larentia, I. 100; waged war on
Sabines, 132; style of armour
adopted from Sabines, 154; feared
by neighbours, 168 ; nominated the
Sabine, Numa Pompilius, as king,
312 ; distracted by pestilence, 350 ;
increased in power after forsaking
institutions of Numa, 398; con-
quered Tarquins and Latins, VI.
420; afflicted by famine, I. 546;
defeat Sabines and Latins, 556 f . ;
could not by its vote enact a law
without a previous decree of Senate,
IV. 188; agree to pay 1000 Ibs. of
gold to get rid of Gauls, n. 164;
wish to move to Veii, but finally
decide to stay where they are, 170 f. ;
at war with Tarentum, IX. 382;
under Laevinus defeated by Pyrrhus
near Heracleia, 394 f . ; refuse to
make peace with Pyrrhus, 412;
lose 6000 men at Asculum according
to Hieronymus, 414; after Bene-
ventum get control of Italy and
Sicily, 428 ; wage war on Ligurians,
HI. 120 ; wage war on Gauls, V. 440 ;
bury alive 2 Greeks and 2 Gauls in
Forum, 442; send bowl to Delphi
to celebrate victory over Gauls, 456 ;
refuse to ransom prisoners after
Cannae, and banish those who fled
to Sicily, 466 f. ; with Achaeans
wage war on Nabis, X. 292 ; defeat
Antiochus, then give closer atten-



tion to affairs of Greece, VI. 362,
X. 302, 364 ; character changed by
conquests, n. 314; at war with
Philip V., X. 324; wage war with
Perseus, subdue Macedonia, VI. 370,
IX. 134; VI. 452; registered by
Aemilius Paulus and Marcius Philip-
pus, the censors, 454; how they
punished those who accepted terms
from the enemy, X. 156 f.; how
they treated the land question,
158 f . ; had army under Caepio
destroyed by Cimbri, n. 140 ; sum-
mon Marius to take command
against Cimbri and Teutones, IX.
492 ; 150,000 massacred by Mithri-
dates in one day, IV. 404 ; defeated
at river Lycus by Mithridates, n.
514; under Lucullus conquer Ti-
granes and the Armenians, n. 140 ;
end line of Pontic kings, IX. 12;
divided into 3 powerful parties, m.
334 ; ready for revolution, vn. 108 ;
defeated by Parthians, 172 ; defeat
Pacorus, son of Hyrodes, or Arsaces,
m. 422; subject to many dire
events after death of Nero, XT. 206

Romanus, son of Odysseus and Circe,
colonized Rome, I. 92

Rome, various theories as to origin
of name, I. 90 ; founded by Romulus
on April 21st, I. 4, 120, 122, 314;
a sanctuary for fugitives, called
sanctuary of God of Asylum, made
in it by Romulus and Remus, I.
114; how marked out, 118; grew
because she incorporated with her-
self those she conquered, I. 136 ;
plague and dread portents at, 166;
receives grain, part bought in Italy,
part sent as gift from Syracuse, IV.
154; menaced by Volscians under
Coriolanus, 188; 7 large cities cap-
tured from it by Volscians under
Coriolanus, 192; again menaced by
Coriolanus and Volscians, 194; how
saved by Volumnia, mother of
Coriolanus, IV. 200 f . ; captured by
Gauls, then attacked by Latins
under Livius Postumius and saved



Online LibraryPlutarchPlutarch's Lives (Volume 11) → online text (page 39 of 45)