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by strategy of Philotis, or Tutola,
I. 184 f., 306, n. 146 f., V. 440;
delivered by Camillus, n. 164 f . ;
rebuilt within year, 174; struggle
there between Sullan and Marian



factions concerning MithriJatic war,
IV. 348, IX. 533; great changes in
government of, introduced by Sulla,
IV. 434 ; captured twice by Sulla, IV.
452 ; occupied by Caesar, IX. 152 ;
entrusted to Lepidus by the trium-
virs, IX. 182; outshone by Athens
in great public works, temples, etc.
down to time of Caesars, m. 204;
required monarchy to heal its ills,
vi. 250; history of, planned by
Oicero, vn. 186

Romis, tyrant of Latins, drove out
Tuscans and founded Rome, I.

Romulus, varying accounts of his
lineage, I. 92 f . ; twin son of Ilia,
Rhea, or Silvia, 96 ; exposed near
river, 98 ; reared by Faustulus,
swineherd of Amulius, 102 ; with
his brother Remus, attacks and
slays Amulius, 112 ; builds Roma
Quadrata, 114; slays his brother
Remus, as some say, 116 ; buries
Remus in the Remonia, marks out
the city, 118; founded Rome on
April 21st, 120; divides men of
military age into companies, each
consisting of 3000 footmen and 300
horsemen, 122 ; appointed 100 of
most eminent to be councillors, call-
ing the individuals "patricians"
and their body a " senate " ; called
nobles " patrons " and commonalty
"clients," rape of Sabine women,
126 ; origin of nuptial cry " Tala-
sius," 132 ; slew Acron, king of the
Caeninenses, routed his army, and
took his city, 134 f., V. 454 ; mean-
ing of " spolia opima," I. 138

Attacked by Sabines under Ta-
tius, who is admitted to citadel by
Tarpeia, 140; fights Sabines with
varying fortune, 144 f . ; led to make
peace by the ravished daughters of
the Sabines, 146 f. ; Sabines to
dwell with Romans and Tatius to
be king with Romulus, 150 ; 100
Sabines added by election to the
patricians and legions enlarged to
6000 footmen and 600 horsemen,
people arranged in three bodies,
Ramnenses, Tatienses, Lucerenses,
152 ; Romulus adopted oblong
shields of Sabines, 154; said to

have introduced consecration of 1m
and to have appointed holy virgins,
called Vestals, to guard it, was a
diviner, enacted law concerning
divorce, 160; buried Tatius, who
was slain by friends of murdered
ambassadors, but makes no attempt
to bring murderers to justice, 162 f.,
322 ; took Fidenae and made it
colony of Rome, 164; captured
Cameria, transferred half of sur-
vivors to Rome and sent colonists
to Cameria, 166; defeats Veientes
in two battles, 168; celebrates
triumph, becomes haughty in bear-
ing, had about him young men
called Celeres, and Lictores, 170 f.;
of his own motion divided territory
acquired in war among his soldiers,
and gave back their hostages to
Veientes without consent of patri-
cians, disappeared unaccountably
short time after, conjectures as to
manner of his death, 174 f., 308,
n. 180, V. 178; Julius Proculus, a
patrician, said he saw Romulus as
a deity and received a meassge for
the Romans from him, the people
pray to him under name Quirinus,
I. 178 ; died 54 years of age and in
38th year of his "reign, 186

Romus *(1), sent from Troy by Dio-
medes, son of Emathion, founded
Rome, I. 92

Romus (2), brought to Italy with his
brother Romulus, I. 92; named
from " ruma," a teat, 102. See also
" Remus."

Roscii, two brothers with Crassus at
Carrhae, m. 414.

Roscius, comedian, had influence on
Sulla in his latter days, IV. 438;
imitated by Cicero, vn. 94

Roscius, attacks Chrysogonus and is
accused by him of murder, defended
by Cicero and acquitted, VII. 88

Roscius, "had Milesiaca" of Aristides
in his baggage at battle of Carrhae,
m. 418

Roscius Otho, L., opposes Gabinian
law, v. 180; introduced law giving
knights separate seats at spectacles,
vn. 112

Roxana, married by Alexander, vn.
358 ; mother of Alexander, IX. 354 ;



murders Stateira and her sister, vu,

Roxana, sister of llithridates, put to
death at his orders, II. 524

Roxanes, chiliarch, his angry words
to Themistocles, II. 78

Rubicon, separates Italy from Cis-
alpine Gaul, vn. 490; crossed by
Caesar, 522, V. 272

Rubrius, tribune, brings in bill for
colony on site of Carthage, X. 218

Rubrius, praetor in Macedonia, had
Cato the Younger under him, vni.

Rubrius, M., with Cato at Utica, Vin.

Rufinns, ancestor of Sulla, was consul,
expelled from senate, IV. 324

" Rufus," concerning the name, IV.

Rufus, L., gave Ti. Gracchus second
blow, X. 190

Rufus, Virginius, see " Virginius Ru-

Rullus, Fabius, received title Maxi-
mus for expelling descendants of
freedmen from senate, V. 148, m.

" Ruma," ancient Roman name for
teat, I. 98

Rumilia, goddess who presided over
rearing of young children, I. 98

" Ruminalis," name of fig-tree near
which twins of Ilia grounded; ety-
mology of word, I. 98

Rutilius Rufus, P., legate of Caecilius
Metellus in Africa, IX. 484 ; accused
falsely by Theophanes; his his-
tories, V. 212 ; cited, IX. 540 f .

Sabaco, Cassius, friend of Marius, ex-
pelled from senate, IX. 472

Sabbas, induced by Gymnosophists to
revolt from Alexander, vn. 404 f .

Sabines, attacked by Romulus wan-
tonly, I. 126 f . ; their daughters
seized by Romans, 128; wage war
on Romans, 132 ; Lacedaemonian
colonists, lived in unwalled villages,
134, 308; under Tatius march on
Rome, treacherously admitted into
citadel by Tarpeia, 140 ; challenged
to battle by Romulus, 144 ; repulsed
to Regia and temple of Vesta, 1 46 ;

make peace, adopt Roman month.-,
154; quarrel with Romans as to
appointment of king on death of
Romulus, 310 ; waged war on Tar-
quin, son of Demaratus, 536; in-
vaded Roman territory, 654 ; with
Latins wage war on Rome and are
defeated, 55C f. ; campaign against
them undertaken on understanding
that creditors would deal gently
with debtors, IV. 126

Sabine women, rape of, was act of
necessity, I. 112 ; when and why
carried out, 126 f.; rape took place
on August 18th, 134 ; separate com-
batants and bring peace, 146 f. ;
quoted, 148 f. ; terms of peace, 150 ;
received concessions from Romans,

Sabinus, friend of Cicero, prosecuted
by Munatius, vn. 144

Sabinus, Calvisius, Roman general,
XI. 228

Sabinus, Nymphidius, see " Nymphi-
dius Sabinus."

Sacred band of Thebans, account of
it, V. 382

Sacred gate, at Athens, IV. 370

Sacred mount , where plebeians seceded
to, beside river Anio, IV. 128

Sacrifice, of hair to god at Delphi by
youth in Theseus' time, I. 10;
human sacrifice by Greeks before
Salamis, n. 38 f. ; sacrifice by Aean-
tid tribe of Athens to Sphragitic
nymphs, 272 ; vowed by Fabiua
Maximus, m. 130 ; human sacrifice,
V. 390 f. ; 11 heifers sacrificed to
the moon, 20 oxen to Hercules, by
Aemilius Paulus, VI. 400

Saculio, buffoon, executed after Phi-
lippi, VI. 228 f .

Sadalas, king of Thrace, with Antony
at Actium, IX. 276

Sagra river, battle of, fought by Italian
Greeks, VI. 420

Saguntum, battle in the plains of,
between Sertorius and Metellus,
vm. 54

Sals, learned men of, gave Solon story
of lost Atlantis, I. 494 ; Sonchis of,

Salaminian state-galley, for special
occasions, m. 20; sent to bring
Alcibiades home, IV. 68



Salamis, bone of contention between

1 Athens and Megara, I. 420; re-
covered from Athens by Megara,
432 ; received ashes of Solon, 498 ;
572 ; scene of defeat of Xerxes by
Athenians, n. 12, 28, 38, 138, 242,
388, 396, 416, 418; overrun by
Lysander, IV. 252 ; plundered by
Aratus, xi. 54; given up to Athe-
nians by Diogenes, xi. 78

Salamis, in Cyprus, Nicocreon, king
of, vn. 308 ; where Demetrius de-
feated Ptolemy in sea-fight, K.
36 f . ; mother and children of Deme-
trius besieged there by Ptolemy, 86

"Salamis," title of poem by Solon,
I. 422

Salii, priests established by Numa, I.
346 ; to guard bronze buckler that
fell from heaven, 350

Salinae, town in Italy, m. 338

Salinator, Julius, sent with 6000 men
by Sertorius to bar passage of
Pyrenees, killed by Calpurnius La-
narius, vm. 18

Salius, from Samothrace or Mantinea,
did not give his name to Salii, I.

Sallust, cited, n. 504; 580; IV. 450

Salonius, married his young daughter
to Cato the Elder in latter's old
age, n. 376

Salonius, son of Oato the Elder and
grandson of Salonius, n. 376; son
of Cato by 2nd wife, had son Marcus,
died in praetorship, 384

Salvenius, legionary soldier, brings
Sulla oracle about affairs in Italy,
IV. 380

Salvius, commanded Pelignians at
Pydna, VI. 406

Salvius, centurion, helps murder Pom-
pey, V. 318, 322

Samaena, species of war-ship, m. 76

Sambuca, of Marcellus, described, V.
470; crushed by Archimedes' en-
gines, 474, 478

Samians, attacked by Athens for not
desisting from war against Milesians,
m. 68; fighting Milesians f or Priene,
defeated by Pericles, who set up
democracy, 72; defeated by Peri-
cles oil island of Tragia, defeat
Athenians, 74 ; their general Melis-
sos defeated by Pericles, 76, U. 6;

surrender to Pericles after 8 months
m. 78 ; driven out and their cities
handed over to men they had
banished, IV. 268: vote that their
festival be called Lysandreia, 280;
addressed in letter by Brutus, VI.

Samnites, joining Pyrrhns after Hera-
cleia, are censured, IX. 400 ; worsted
by Romans, invite Pyrrhus back
from Sicily, 422 ; discouraged by
many defeats at hands of Romans,
do not join Pyrrhus in large num-
bers, 426 ; their ambassadors found
Manius Curius in his cottage cooking
turnips, n. 306 ; their cities which
had revolted, taken by Marcellus,
V. 502 ; spared Roman generals, X.
158; inveterate foes of Rome, IV.

Samon, husband of Phaenarete 1 , IX.

Samos, siege of, n. 6, m. 68, 200;
Athenian fleet there, IV. 70, 74, 104,
242 ; siege of, V. 344 ; attacked by
Lucullus, n. 478; temple of Hera
there, V. 174 ; festivities held there
by Antony and Cleopatra, IX. 264 f .

Samosata, in Syria, besieged by Ven-
tidius, IX. 212

Samothrace, V. 520; Perseus takes
refuge there after Pydna, VI. 418;
422 ; n. 508 ; plundered by pirates,
V. 174

Samothracian image?, in temple of
Vesta, brought to Troy by Dar-
danus, carried to Italy by Aeneas,
n. 144

Sandauce, sister of Xerxes, wife of
Artayctus, her three sons sacrificed
to Dionysius Carnivorous by the
Greeks, II. 38, 238

Sandon, father of Athenodorus, I. 548

Sapha, place in Asia where Amphi-
crates is buried, n. 542

" Sapiens," its meaning, X. 160

" Sardians for sale," called by herald
at Rome in celebrating victory, I.

Sardinia, X. 198 f.; province of Cato
the Elder, n. 318 ; V. 154

Sardis, I. 170; visited by Solon, 478;
n. 80 ; 82 f. ; burned by Athenians,
224; Cyrus meets Lysander there,
JV. 240; 252; submits to Alex-


ander, VII. 262 f . ; taken by Deme-
trius, IX. 116; meeting-place of
Brutus and Cassius, VI. 200

Sarmentus, favourite of Octavius
Caesar, IX. 272

Sarpedon, tutor of Cato the Younger,
vili. 238; 242

Satibarzanes, eunuch of Artaxerxes
II., XI. 152

Satiphernes, friend of Cyrus, slain by
Artaxerxes at Cunaxa, XI. 148

Satricum, captured by Tuscans, re-
captured by Camillus, n. 192

Saturn, temple of, made public trea-
sury by Publicola, I. 532, X. 168

Saturnalia, slaves then feasted with
masters as Numa ordained, I. 386,

IV. 386 ; the time fixed for carrying
out Lentulus' plot, VII. 124

Saturnian age, when there was neither
slave nor master, I. 386

Saturninus, L., tribune of people, sup-
ports Marius for fourth consulship,
EX. 498 f . ; slew Nonius, rival for
tribuneship, introduced agrarian law
with clause requiring senators to
take oath not to oppose what people
voted, IX. 542; gets all senators
to take oath except Marius, helps
Marius oppose Metellus, 544, IV.
446; pitted against nobles by
Marius, IX. 548

Satyreius, P., gave Ti. Gracchus the
first blow, X. 190

Satyrs, resemble Picas and Faunas,

Satyrus, seer who helped slay Timo-
phanes according to Theopompus,
VI. 270

Satyrus, actor, points out Demos-
thenes' weaknesses to him, VII. 16.
Saviour-gods," honorary title given
Antigonus and Demetrius by Athe-
nians, IX. 26

Savings, anonymous, n. 502 ; rv. 386 ;

V. 86 ; VI. 384

Scaeva, Cassius, see " Cassius Scaeva."
" Scaevola," means left-handed, I. 548
Scaevola, Mucius, see "Mucius Scae-
vola, C."

Scalae Caci, beside dwelling of Romu-
lus, near descent into Circus Maxi-
mus from Palatine, 1. 152
Scambonidae, deme of Alcibiades, IV.


Scandeia, HI. 434

Scarpheia, Lycon of, VII. 310

Scaurus, illustrious Roman name, VU.

Scaurus, M. Aemilius, father of Aemilia
by Metella, IV. 432, V. 134

Scedasus, slays himself when his
daughters are ravished, V. 390

Scellius, companion of Antony in
flight from Actium, IX. 288

Scepsis, Metrodorus of, n. 538 f . ;
Neleus of, IV. 406

" Schinocephalus," name applied to
Pericles by Comic poets, m. 8

" Schinus," name for squill at times,
ni. 8

Schoolmaster of Falerii, punished by
Camillus, n. 118

Sciathus, II. 20

Scillustis, island in Indian ocean
reached by Alexander, vn. 410

Scionaeans, restored to their homes
by Lysander, IV. 270

Scipio, Gnaeus Cornelius, son of P.
Cornelius Nasica, father-in-law of
Pompey, sent to Syria with his
father to raise fleet, V. 278

Scipio Asiaticus, L. Cornelius (1), II.
388 ; conquered Antiochus, 504, m.
398; ambassador with Flamininus
to Prusias to demand death of
Hannibal, X. 386 ; brother of Scipio
the Great, condemned to pay fine,
n. 344; expelled from equestrian
order by Cato, 354

Scipio Asiaticus, L. Cornelius (2), out-
witted by Sulla, loses all his men
to him, IV. 414, v. 130 vm. 14

Scipio, P. Cornelius, made master of
horse by Camillus, n. 104

Scipio Africanus, P. Cornelius, son of
Africanus Major, adopted younger
son of Aemilius Paulus and Papiria,
VI. 366

Scipio Africanus Major, P. Cornelius,
opposed by Cato the Elder, his
quaestor, for extravagance on his
campaign in Africa, n. 310 f . ; con-
quered Carthaginians in Spain,
made consul in spite of Fabius
Maximus* opposition, crossed to
Africa and defeated Hannibal, m.
190 f., 202, vm. 2, X. 144, 328 ;
382 ; surnamed Africanus, IX. 464 ;
succeeded Cato the Elder in Spain,


outwitted by him, n. 332 ; opposed
politically by Cato the Elder, 346,
386, 398; made princeps senatus
by Flamininus, X. 372 ; because of
attacks turned back upon people,
II. 376 ; his brother Lucius expelled
from senate by Cato, n. 354; had
Aemilia to wife, VI. 358 ; his son
adopted the son of Aemilius Paulus
and gave him the name Scipio, 366 ;
father-in-law of Scipio Nasica Cor-
culum, 392; inferior to Caesar as
general, vil. 478; second only to
Pyrrhus as general in opinion of
Hannibal, IX. 366

Scipio Aernilianus Africanus Minor, P.
Cornelius, son of Aemilius Paulus,
grandson of Scipio the Great by
adoption, contemporary of Cato the
Elder, n. 346, 364, VI. 364, 366,
446, 458; asked Cato the Elder's
aid in behalf of the Achaean exiles,
n. 326 ; consul contrary to the laws,
IX. 492; n. 384; at Pydna, took
Carthage and Numantia, 596, VI.
412 f . ; reproached with aristocratic
leaning of his father Aemilius
Paulus, VI. 452 ; supported by com-
mon people for censorship, 454;
destroyed Carthage, vm. 2 ; be-
sieged Nnmantia, IX. 468, 494 f . ;
married daughter of Ti. Gracchus
the Elder and Cornelia, X. 146, 152 ;
most influential man at Rome,
blamed for not saving Mancinus,
was waging war on Numantia when
Ti. Gracchus began to agitate for
agrarian laws, 158; had C. Gracchus
under him when besieging Numan-
tia, 174 ; nearly lost popularity by
expressing disapproval of Ti. Grac-
chus and his measures, 194 f . ; had
friend Laelius, vm. 252, X. 160;
died tinder suspicious circumstances,
I. 174, X. 218 f.

Scipio Nasica, P. Cornelius (Scipio
Metellus) with two others came to
Cicero at midnight to warn of plot,
vn. 116 ; father-in-law of Pompey,
saved from trial by him, V. 260,
326 ; with Hypsaeus and Milo can-
didates for consulship, VHI. 350;
chosen by Pompey as his colleague
in consulship, V. 262 ; opposes com-
promise with Caesar, vn. 516 f.;

with his son Gnaeus sent to Syria
to raise fleet, V. 278 ; 288 ; in Mace-
donia, to be attacked by Caesar,
VH. 540; disputed with Domitius
and SpiiUher over Caesar's office of
Poutifex Maximus, vn. 544 ; V. 290 ;
said to have hid away greater part
of treasure he brought from Asia,
336; commanded centre at Phar-
salns for Pompey, opposed to Lucius
Calvinus, V. 294, vn. 54S; vm.
250 ; vn. 480 ; quarrels with Varus,
well received by Juba, takes com-
mand of forces as proconsul, vm.
372; VI. 138; escapes from Thapsus
with few followers, Yin. 374 f., VH.
562, 570; vm. 384 f.

Scipio Nasica Corculum, son-in-law of
Scipio Africanus, given task of
seizing pass through Perrhaebia, VI.
392 ; at battle of Pydna, 394, 398,
402; 424; says 80 Romans slain
at Pydna, 412; consul, with C.
Marcius, laid down office on account
of mistake in auspices, V. 444;
opposed destruction of Carthage, n.

Scipio Nasica Serapio, large holder of
public land, opposed Ti. Gracchus
bitterly, X. 174; leads attack
against Ti. Gracchus, 188 f. ; hated
by people; though pontifex maxi-
mus, fled from Italy and committed
suicide, 194

Scipio Sallustio, of family of Africani,
put in forefront of battles in Africa
by Caesar, vn. 564

Sciradium, promontory of Salamis, I.

Sciraphidas, declared Spartans should
not receive gold and silver coinage,
IV. 276

Sciron, son-in-law of Cychreus, father-
in-law of Aeacus, grandfather of
Peleus and Telamon, slain by The-
seus ; disagreement as to his charac-
ter, I. 20, 188; son of Canethus
and Henioche, daughter of Pittheus ;
Isthmian games in his honour
according to some, 56 ; father of
Alycus, 76

Scirophorion, Athenian month, V.

Scirus, of Salamis, according to Philo-
chorus furnished pilot and look-out



man to Theseus ; temple to him at
Phalerum, I. 34

Scopadae, wealth of, n. 434

Scopas, Thessalian, his remark about
happiness, n. 354

Scorpion, engine devised by Archi-
medes for short-range work, V. 476

Scotussa, town in Thessaly, I. 64;
how treated by Alexander of Pherae,
V. 412 ; where Flamininus defeated
Philip, VI. 372, X. 338; V. 292, vn.

Scribonia, wife of Crassus, mother of
Piso, executed by Nero, XI. 254

Scrophas, quaestor under Orassus, de-
feated by Crassus, m. 346

Scyros, isle of, I. 80; inhabited by
Dolopians, ruled by Lycomedes, 82 ;
seized by Cimon, settled by Athe-
nians, II. 426 ; has grave of Theseus,

Scytale (1), described, IV. 284 f . ; 112

Scytate (2), fabled serpent, m. 418

Scythes, ambassador of Agesilaiis,
imprisoned in Larissa, v. 42

Scythes, servant of Pompey, V. 320

Scythia, V. 220; 298

Scythia, Pontic, neighbour of Gaul,
IX. 488

Scythians, how they wear their hair,
m. 386 ; shoot as they llee even
better than Parthians, 388; twang
their bows in midst of their drink-
ing, IX. 44 ; mingle with Gauls from
Pontic Scythia eastward, 488;
routed by Alexander, vn. 356

Sea, Ionian, boundary between Octa-
vius and Antony, ix. 204

Sea, outer, IX. 488

Secundus, rhetorician, Otho's secre-
tary, XI. 296

Sedition, at Athens, I. 436 ; 486 ; at
Sparta, V. 88; of Messenians, XI.
112 ; at Rome, first to end in blood-
shed since expulsion of kings, X.
190; 234; caused by Cinna, IX.
578 ; caused by Harms, iv. 344

Seers, m. 370.

" Seisactheia," term applied to can-
cellation of debts under Solon, I.
442, 448

" Seismatias," name of tomb of Spar-
tan youth crushed in earthquake,
n. 454

Seleucia, on the Tigris, n. 540 ; always


hostile to Parthians, m. 366 ; 368 ;
374; captured for Hyrodes by
Surena, 378; 418

" Seleucid," name of a costly kind of
bowl, VI. 442

Seleucus, rumoured to have surren-
dered Pelusium with consent of
Cleopatra, IX. 306 ; steward of Cleo-
patra, 322

Sele-acus Nicator, helped by Alex-
ander, vil. 348 ; 400 ; 434 ; expelled
from Babylonia by Antigonus, re-
covered it and set out on expedition
to India and Mount Caucasus, IX.
16 ; begins to wear diadem, 40 ; 60 ;
defeats Antigonus and Demetrius,
70 ; had sou Antiochus by Apama,
the Persian, marries Stratonic6,
daughter of Demetrius and Phila,
76 ; makes friendship between De-
metrius and Ptolemy, demands
Cilicia of Demetrius, and on being
refused that, Tyre and Sidon, had
domain from India to Syrian sea,
78 ; leagues with Ptolemy and Lysi-
machus against Demetrius, 108;
arranged engagement between De-
metrius and Ptolemais, 116 ;
marches into Cilicia with large force,
118; repulsed by Demetrius, 120;
122 ; seizes Demetrius and banishes
him to Syrian Chersonese, 126; X.
16; most of his former dominions
won back by Antiochus the Great,
n. 334

Sellasia, X. 20; 102; Cleomenes de-
feated there, 112, XI. 106; passes
and heights there occupied by Spar-
tans, X. 266

Selvmbria, captured by Alcibiades, IV.

Sempronius Densus, see " Densus,

Sempronius, Tiberius, consul, assisted
by Cato the Elder in subduing
regions in Thrace and 011 Danube,
n. 334 ; see also " Gracchus, Ti.
Sempronius (1)."

Senate at Athens, created new by
Solon, I. 568 ; its number increased
from 500 to 600, IX. 26

Senate, at Rome, instituted by Romu-
lus, means council of elders, I. 124 ;
150 in number, 150, 312; that of
Romans and Sabines united, 152;


accused of changing government to
oligarchy on death of Romulus, 312 ;
had 164 new members added by
Publicola, 530, 5C8 ; sent ambassy
to Delphi to consult oracle about
Alban lake, n. 102; IV. 126; its
decree necessary before people could
enact law, 188; 190; permits ple-
beians to elect one consul from their
number, n. 204 ; likened by Cineas
to council of kings, IS. 406 ; X. 338 ;
sent 10 commissioners to Flamininus
in Greece, X. 348; n. 324; 332;
insults Ti. Gracchus, X. 174; 194;
198; IV. 350; IX. 584; n. 594;
V. 258; 282; VI. 168; 172; 184;
vn. 118; 120; 126; 168; 198;
494 ; rx. 148 f . ; 156 f . ; 168 ; 172 f . ;

Senate, at Sparta, instituted by Ly-
curgus, manner of election, I. 218,
282 ; why number was fixed at 28,

Senate, of 300 Romans at Utica, won
in speech by Oato, vm. 378 f. ; dis-
trusted by Cato, refuses to oppose
Caesar, 386

Senate, of Sertorius, vm 60

Senatusconsulta ultima, vn. 118; X.

Seneca, persuades Nero to send Otho
out as governor of Lusitania, XI. 248

Senecio, Socius (or Sosius), friend of
Plutarch, I. 2, VI. 2, vn. 2, 78

Senones, neighbours of Gauls, II. 126

Senses, how different from arts, IX. 2

Sentius, praetor of Macedonia, iv. 360

September, Ides of, nearly coincide
with full moon of Attic Metageit-
nion, I. 538; called Germanicus for
a short time by Domitian, 370

Septempagium, a territory of Veii
surrendered to Rome, I. 170

Septimius (1), once tribune of Pom-
pey 's, helps murder him, V. 318 f.

Septimius (2), defends Nyrnphidius
Sabinus, XI. 234

Septimuleius, brought head of 0.
Gracchus to Opimius, X. 236

Sequani, capture kings of Teutoncs in
Alps, IX. 528; have Caesar's forces
among them for whiter, vu. -190;
remain faithful to Rome, 506

Serapion, given gifts by Alexander,
VU. 340

Serapis, said by Dionysius to have
freed him from chains and bid him
sit on Alexander's throne, vn. 428

Serbonian marshes, called blasts of
Typhon by Egyptians, appear to
be residual arm of Red Sea, IX.

Sergius, a mime, had great influence
with Antony, ry. 158

Seriphian, the, his encounter with
Themistocles, n. 50

Serpent, why associated with heroes,
X. 140 ; omen of it, 144

Serranus, father of Atilia, vm. 250

Sertorius, Q., subduer of Spain, had
no cognomen, IX. 464; one-eyed,
belonged to family of some pro-
minence in Sabine city of Nussa,
vm. 4; reared by his widowed
mother Rhea, served against Cimbri
and Teutones under Caepio and then
Marius, sent out as military tribune
to Spain by Didius the praetor, 6;
saves Roman soldiers in Castulo,
appointed quaestor of Cisalpine
Gaul, 8 ; opposed by Sulla in elec-
tion for tribuneship, joins China, 10 ;
disapproved of the severity of
Marius and Cinna, had Marius'
body-guards slain, 14; goes to Spam
and wins over the Barbarians, 16;
sent Julius Salinator with 6000 men
to bar passage of Pyrenees, crossed
to Africa and returned, 18; re-
turned to Maurusia in Africa to
fight against Ascalis, defeated Asca-
lis and Paccianus, 22

Invited by Lusitanians to be

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