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their leader, 24; organizes them
and subdues neighbouring parts of
Spain, 26; uses white doe to im-
press Spaniards, 28 ; defeats all
Roman generals sent against him
including Metellus, 30 f . ; intro-
duces Roman arms, signal?, and
formations, educates Spanish boys
of highest birth at Osca, 36 f . ;
joined by Perpenna with 53 cohorts,
40 ; forces the surrender of the
Characitani, 42 ; opposed by Pom-
pey, 40 ; takes Lauron in spite of
Pompey, 48; fights drawn battle
with Pompey, 52 ; defeated by
Metellus but gets new forces, 56 ;
gave name of senate to senators



who fled from Rome to him, 60;

makes treaty with Mithridates, C6 ;

plotted against hy Perpenna and

others, 68; murdered by Antonius

and others, 72

See also n. 486; 488; 494; V.

146 ; 156 ; IX. 590

Quoted: VIH.12; 42; 48; 52; 64
Servii, Galba one of, XI. 210
Servile war (War of Spartacus), HI.

334 f., V. 164, Via. 252
Servile war, in Sicily, m. 342, IV. 440
Servile war at Sparta, I. 292, n. 456
Servilia (1), mother of Brutus, de-
scended from Servilius Ahala, VI.

126; half-sister of Cato the

Younger, daughter of his mother,

128, vm. 236 ; wife of Silanus, 284 ;

had intrigue with Caesar, 290, VI.

134 f. ; received ashes of Brutus, 2-16
Servilia (2), sister of Cato, divorced

by Lucullus, n. 594, vm. 292, 304:

with her young son by Lucullus

taken to Asia by Cato, attacked by

Caesar on this score, 366
Servilii, Marcus Brutus one on his

mother's side, vn. 586
Servilius, meets Pompey with fleet at

river Phasis at head' of fleet with

which he guarded Euxine, V. 206
Servilius, C., augur, accused L. Lucullus

of peculation, impeached by the son

L. Lucullus, n. 470
Servilius, M., supports granting of

triumph to Aemilius Paulus, VI. 436
Servilius, praetor, sent to forbid Sulla

advancing, IV. 350
Servilius Vatia Isauricus, P. (1),

general of Sulla, enjoys successes,

IV. 418; V. 150
Servilius Vatia Isauricus, P. (2), see

" Isauricus, P. Servilius."
Servius (1), added 2 more Vestals to

first 4, 1. 340
Servius (2), Sulla's candidate, rejected

by people, IV. 356
Servius G-alba, see " Galba, Ser. Sul-

picius (1)."

Sessorium, place of execution, XI. 270
Sestius, P., given province of Cilicia,

accompanied by M. Brutus, VI. 132
Sestos, many barbarian prisoners cap-
tured there by Athenians and their

allies, n. 430; IV. 106 f.; 254;

taken from Athenians by Lysander


and divided among his boatswains
and pilots, 268

Setia, VII. 578

Seuthas, servant of Aratus, XI. 10

Sextilius, legate of Lucullus, attacked
by Mithrobarzanes, whom he de-
feats, H. 550 ; attacks and routs
Arabs, 552

Sextilius, praetor, with lictors seized
by pirates, V. 176

Spxtilius, P., governor of Africa, orders
Marius not to set foot in Africa.
IX. 574

Sextilis, former name of month
August, I. 134, 370, IX. 534

Sextius (Sextus), Lucius, first plebeian
elected consul, n. 206

Sextius, P., retained Cicero as an
advocate, VH. 148

Sextius Sulla, Carthaginian, contem-
porary of Plutarch, his explanation
of origin of nuptial cry " Talasius,"
I. 132

Sextus, nephew of Pompey, vm. 242

She-wolf, suckled children of Ilia, con-
sidered sacred to Mars, 1. 98

Ships, number at Salamis, n. 40 ; m.
76; size of those built by Deme-
trius and Ptolemy Philopator, IX.

Shore-men at Athens, favoured com-
promise, I. 434; led by Megacles,
son of Alcmaeon, 486

Sibyl, oracle of, quoted, I. 54

Sibylline books, I. 556; III. 128; V.
442; VH. 44; 122; 580

Sibyrtius, palaestra of, IV. 8

Sibyrtius, governor of Arachosia,
ordered to wear out the Silver-
shields, vra. 136

Sicels, negotiate with Nicias, m. 266

Sicilian grease, m. 208

Sicilians, honoured G-ylippus, I. 298;
came to hate Pyrrhus, IX. 422

Sicily, n. 430; m. 62; Athenian ex-
pedition to, m. 250 f., IV. 44 f.;
state of, after death of Dion and
before expedition of Timoleon, VI.
262; Timoleon's expedition to,
284 f . ; receives colonists from
Corinth and other places, 316, 344;
wealthy, populous, and in faction
after departure of Agathocles, EC.
386; Pyrrhus' expedition to, 416;
subdued by liornans soon after


Beneventum, 428 ; its conquest
attempted by Carthaginians, op-
posed by Marcellus, V. 466 ; secured
for Sulk by Pompey, 136; 182;
Cicero quaestor of, vri. 94 ; allotted
to Cato as province, vm. 362 ; taken
from Sextus Pompeius by Octavius,
IX. 262

Sicinius Vellutus, with Junius Brutus,
leader in secession, with him one
of first 2 tribunes of the plebs, IV.
130; opposes plan of colony at
Velitrae and of new war with Volsci,
opposed by Coriolanus, 146 ; 160 f .

Sicinnius, said Crassus had hay on his
horn, IH. 334

Sicinnus, Persian slave of Themistocles
and paedagogue of his children,
takes message from him to Xerxes,
n. 36

Sicyon, X. 84; bit of its history, XI.
4; freed of tyrant Nicocles by
Aratus, X. 256, XI. 14; though
Dorian attached to Achaean league
by Aratus, 20; its best paintings
in time of Aratus, 28 ; almost rap-
tured by Cleomenes, 90; its terri-
tory ravaged by Cleomenes, X. 92 ;
freed by Demetrius, IX. 58

Sicyonians, defeated by Pericles at
Nemea, m. 60; bury Aratus in
their city, XI. 120 f . ; persuaded to
move their city by Demetrius, who
gave it new name Demetrius, IX.
58; pronounced judgment against
Athenians in their suit with people
of Oropus, n. 368

Sidon, demanded of Demetrius by
Seleucus, IX. 78 ; 254

Siege- engines, of Niconides the Thes-
salian, n. 500 ; employed by Pericles
in Samian war, in. 78 ; those of
Athenians set on fire, 270 ; those
of Sulla called for operation of
10,000 pairs of mules, IV. 360

Sigliuria, built by Publicola, I. 542

Signia, younger Marius defeated there
by Sulla, rv. 414 f.

Silauio, made likenesses of Theseus,
I. 10

Silanus, Decimus Junius, VII. 116;
husband of Servilia, Cato's sister,
vm. 284; reports what Cethegus
was heard to say, VH. 126; urges
putting conspirators to death, 130 ;

vm. 286; recanted and said he
meant imprisonment, 288, vn. 132

Silarms, M., friend of Antony, driven
off by Cleopatra's flatterers, IX. 272

Silcnus, claimed to be child of Apollo
and woman in Pontus, was to be
used by Lysander in his scheme for
changing succession at Sparta, IV.

Silicius, P., proscribed, VI. 186

Sillaces, sent against Crassus, HI. 376 ;
casts head of Crassus into Parthian
banqueting hall, 420

Silo, Pompaedius, see " Pompaedius

Silvia, see " Ilia."

Silvium, where Sulla was met by ser-
vant of Pontus, IV. 412

Simaetha, female character in Aristo-
phanes' Acharnians, in. 88

Simmias (1), public prosecutor of
Pericles according to Theophrastus,
m. 102

Simmias (2), fought always by side
of Philopoemen, X. 282

Simonides, of Ceos, says Lycurgus not
son of Eunomus but that both were
sons of Prytanis, I. 206; that
Themistocles had chapel of Lyco-
midae at Phlya restored at his own
expense, n. 4; 16; V. 2; VI. 348;
XI. 106.

Cited: (Frg. 193, Bergk) I. 20;
(Frg. 54, Bergk 413) 34; (Bergk
m 4 . p. 423) n. 44; (Bergk m*. p.
516) V. 342; (Bergk m. p. 412)
VI. 2

Simylus, poet, cited, I. 142

Siuis, the Pine-bender, father of Peri-
gune, slain on Isthmus by Theseus,
I. 16, 66, 188; son of Canethus and
Henioche'; Isthmian games in his
honour according to some, 56

Sinnaca, hilly country, refuge for
Octavius and about 5000 men, m.

Sinope, founded by Autolycus, n. 542 ;
taken from Syrians by him, 544;
600 Athenian colonists sent there
by Pericles, m. 62 ; besieged and
captured by Lucullus, n. 542 ;
Mithridates' body sent there, V. 222 ;
Diogenes of, VII. 258

Sinope", daughter of Asopis, mother
of Syrus, n. 544



Sinopians, assisted against Timesileos
by Pericles, ni. 60

Sinora, place where Mithridates had
money and treasures, V. 200

Sinuessa, Marcellus recuperates his
soldiers there, V. 510 ; country seat
of Tigellinus there, xi. 278

Sippius, celebrated for luxury and
effeminacy, vm. 244

Siren, v. 480

Siris, river in Italy, IX. 394

Sisenna, historian, U. 472

Sisimithres, his citadel captured by
Alexander, vn. 388

Skapte Hyl6, in Thrace, Thucydides
murdered there, n. 412

Slaves, treated kindly by Romans of
Ooriolanus' time, IV. 176 f . ; brought
in by rich to till land in Italy, X.
ICO ; how treated by Cato the Elder,
U. 316, 364; IX. 584; n. 484; vm.
386; how treated by Spartans, I.
288 f., X. 100; n. 536; m. 108

Smyrna, VI. 188; where Homer died,
vm. 4

Socles, Paeanian, at battle of Salamis,
n. 42

Socrates, the sage, not poor according
to Demetrius of Phalerum, n. 214;
falsely said to have lived in wedlock
with Myrto, 296; said he heard
Pericles introduce measure regard-
ing the long wall, in. 42 ; with his
disciples came to hear Aspasia, 68 ;
his favour contributed to reputation
of Alcibiades, IV. 2 ; his love for
Alcibiades and influence upon him,
8 f., 14; saves Alcibiades' life at
Potidaea, defended by Alcibiades in
rout at Delium, 18; disapproved
of Sicilian expedition, 44, IU. 256;
had tendency to melancholy accord-
ing to Aristotle, IV. 236; lost his
life for philosophy, HI. 290 ; his fate
like that of Phocion, vill. 232 ; n.
320; 360; Cato the Elder's opinion
of him, 370; had ardent disciple
Apollodorus of Phalerum, vm. 346 ;
work on him by Demetrius of
Phalerum, n. 210; by Panaetius,

"Socrates," work by "Demetrius of
Phalerum, n. 210

" Socrates," work by Panaetius, n. 296

Soli (1), new city of Philoeyprus,


named in honour of Solon, I. 478;
Pasicrates king of, vn. 308

Soli (2), city in Cilicia, besieged by
Demetrius, EC. 48; devastated by
Tigranes, king of Armenia, restored
by Pompey and ex-pirates settled
there, y. 186

Solols, friend of Theseus, in love with
Antiope', in despair drowned him-
self, I. 58

Solols, river in Bithynia, named in
memory of Theseus' friend, I. 60

Solon, son of Execestides and a cousin
of mother of Peisistratus, I. 404;
when young man embarked in com-
merce and travelled, 406 ; composed
poetry at first with no serious end
in view, in philosophy studied chiefly
political ethics, in physics is simple
and antiquated, 410 ; met the other
wise men at Delphi and again at
Corinth, 412 ; meets Anacharsis and
Thales, 414 f.; wrests island of
Salamis from Megarians, 420 f . ;
successfully supports the claim of
Athens to Salamis before board of 5
arbiters, 426 f . ; arouses Athenians
to support Delphians against people
of Cirrha, 428; brings peace be-
tween the descendants of followers
of Cylon and those of Megacles, 430
Chosen archon and made mediator
between rich and poor, 436; re-
jected position of tyrant but yet
showed firmness, 440 ; cancelled all
debts and forbade lending money
on person of borrower, 442 ; pleased
neither party by this arrangement,
yet appointed to reform constitution
and make new laws, repealed laws
of Draco, 448 ; divided people into
4 classes according to property,
450 ; gave every citizen privilege
of entering suit in behalf of one
who had suffered wrong, 452 ; after
establishing council of the Areio-
pagus, if it did not exist in Draco's
time, he set up council of 400, 454 ;
made law disfranchising man who
in time of faction took neither side;
laws regarding marriage, 456 f . ;
forbade speaking ill of dead, or of
living in temples, courts- of- law,
public offices, and at festivals, 460 ;
permitted man having no children


to will property to whom he pleased,
regulated public appearances of
women, their mourning and festi-
vals, 402; enacted law that no son
not taught a trade should be com-
pelled to support his father, ordered
council of Areiopagus to chastise
the idle, 464; his laws concerning
women absurd, 466 ; made laws
concerning public wells, planting of
trees, digging of trenches, setting
out hives of bees, exporting pro-
ducts of soil, concerning naturalized
citizens, 468 f . ; regulated practice
of eating at public table in town
hall, 472

All his laws were to have force
for 100 years, 472 ; arranged calen-
dar of the month, 474; sailed to
Egypt, then to Cyprus, 476 ; inter-
viewed Croesus, 478 f . ; met Aesop
at his court, 484; returned to
Athens, endeavoured to reconcile
opposing factions, 486 ; tried to turn
Peisistratus from his design of be-
coming tyrant, reproved Thespis for
telling lies in his play, 488 ; opposed
Peisistratus, 490 ; became Pipisis-
tratus' counsellor, began work on
story of lost Atlantis, then aban-
doned it, 494; died in archonship
of Hegestratus, 496
See also VIH. 160.
Quoted : (Frg. 1, Be$gk II 4 .) I.
422; (Frg. 5) 452; (Frg. 6) 570;
(Frg. 7) 476; (Frg. 9) 410; (Frg.
11. w. 1-4) 492; (Frg. 11. vv. 7,
5, & 6) 490; (Frg. 12) 410; (Frg.
13. w. 7f.) 408, 566; (Frg. 15)
408; (Frg. 18) 406, 496; (Frg. 19)
478; (Frg. 21)566; (Frg. 24) 406 ;
(Frg. 26) 496 ; (Frg. 28) 476 ; Frg.
31) 410; (Frg. 32) 440; (Frg. 33)
440 ; (Frg. 34. vv. 4 f .) 448 ; (Frg.
36. 4f.) 444; (Frg. 36. w. 9-12)
444; (Frg. 36. v. 14) 442.

See also T. 438 ; 454 ; 484 ; 488 ;
490; 492; 494.

Solon, of Plataea, joins party of Athe-
nians going to Polysperchon, vm.

Solonium, farmstead of Marius, IX. 560
Sonchis, of Sals, learned Egyptian
priest with whom Solon studied . I.

Soothsayers, always about Otho, II.

Sophanes, rivalled Aristides for 2nd
place at Plataea, II. 388 ; Deceleian,
opposes crown for Miltiades, 426

Sophax, son of Hercules and Tinga,
became king of country about Tin-
gis, had sou Diodorus, vm. 24

Sophem-, n. 548 ; its people join
Lucullus, 568 ; taken from Tigranes
by Lucullus, V. 202

" Sophia," meant simply cleverness in
politics and practical sagacity, II. 6

" Sophists, "origin of term, II. 6; none
visited Sparta., I. 230

Sophocles, in his first plays defeated
Aeschylus, Cimon and his fellow-
generals being judges, n. 428;
general with Pericles on naval ex-
pedition, in. 24; general with
Nicias, 262; had friendship of
Aesculapius, and when dead another
deity procured fitting burial for
him, I. 320; his tragedies sent to
Alexander, VII. 242

Antigone (563 f .), quoted, vm. 144
Oedipus Coloneus (1 f .) IX. 118
Oedipus Rex (4) IX. 186
Trachiniae (441 f.) I. 404
Tympanktae (Xauck, p. 270), VI.

(Frg. 788, Nauck) I. 392;
(Nauck, p. 249) X. 2; (Nauck,
p. 315) VH. 240, IX. 112 f., XI.
196; (Nauck, p. 316) V. 320, VI.

Sophrosyne, daughter of Dionysus the
Elder and Aristomache, married
Dionysius the Younger, V7. 12

Sorex, archmime, had great influence
with Sulla in his latter days, IV.

Sornatius, routs Menander, general of
Mithridates, n. 520; left as guar-
dian of Pontus, 544 f. ; 570 ; 584

Sosibius (1), cited, I. 280

Sosibius (2), most influential of Pto-
lemy's followers, X. 124 ; Ptolemy's
prime minister, fears Cleomenes,
126; plots against him, 130

Sosigenes, companion of Demetrius,
IX. 124

Sosis, fails In attempt to bring odium
upon Dion and is put to death, VI. 72

Sosistratus, prominent Syracusan, one



of first to invite Pvrrhus to Sicily,
IX. 422

Sosius, see " Senecio, Socius (or So-

Soso, sister of Abantidas and wife of
Prophantus, befriends Aratus, XI. 6

Sossius, Antony's general, effected
much in Syria, IX. 214

" Soter," naine given for exploit, IV.

Soteria, sacrifice to celebrate freeing
of Sicyon from its tyrants, XI. 122

Sotion, cited, vn. 398

Soils, his genealogy, did not give his
name to Spartan royal line, under
him Spartans made Helots their
slaves and conquered land from
Arcadians, outwitted Cleitorians, I.
206 f.

Sousamithras, uncle of Pharnabazus,
ordered to kill Alcibiades, IV. 112

Spain, cleared of Carthaginians by 0.
Scipio and won over to Rome, m.
190; pacified by Aemilius Paulus,
VI. 362 f . ; invaded by Oimbri and
Teutones, IX. 496; occupied by
Sertorius, vm. 16; seat of war
between Rome and Sertorius, n.
486 ; subdued by Sertorius, rx. 464 ;
V. 214; allotted to Oaesar as pro-
vince, VH. 466 ; allotted to Pompey,
HI. 360; VH. 512; gone over to
younger Pompey, vni. 382

Spain, Farther, allotted to Marius,
who cleared out the robbers, IX. 474

Spain, Hither, allotted to Cato the
Elder, who subdues Lacetanians, is
succeeded by Scipio the Great, n.
330 f.

Spaniards, m. 140; their horsemen
desert to Marcellus, V. 464 ; treated
well by Sertorius, vm. 16; love
Sertorius, their children of noblest
birth educated by Sertorius at Osca,
36 f . ; these children slain or sold
into slavery by Sertorius, 68

Spanish wars, VI. 362; vm. 6; 30,
n. 486; VH. 530

Spanus, plebeian living in Spain, gave
Sertorius white doe, VUI. 28

Sparamizes, chief eunuch of Parysatis,
traps Mithridates, XI. 160

Sparta, I. 72 ; to it Aethra was carried
off, 78; suffered long time from
lawlessness and confusion, 208;

rules for its assembly laid down by
Lycurgus, 222; its land redistri-
buted by Lycurgus, 226 ; movable
property distributed by Lycurgus,
228 ; useless arts banished from it
by Lycurgus, 230 ; 234 ; sons there
not regarded as property of father
but of state, 252; observed laws
of Lycurgus for 500 years down to
time of Agis when gold and silver
money came in, 296: visited by
Themistocles, II. 52 ; 240 ; lost her
prestige owing to Pausanias, 420;
shaken by earthquake, 452 ; Greeks
meet there to arrange peace, v. 76 f . ;
after Leuctra, 80 ; repulses Epami-
nondas, 96 ; near it Demetrius wins
battle, IX. 84; unsuccessfully at-
tacked by Pyrrhus, 436; degene-
rated down to time of Agis and
Cleomenes, X. 8, 12 ; sends Agis
with army to aid Achaeans, 30 f . ;
mistress of Peloponnesus, 244 ; her
laws and constitution restored by
Antigonus, 118; forced and per-
suaded into Achaean league, 296 f . ;
her walls torn down and constitu-
tion destroyed by Philopoemen,
388; her gates closed by Philopoe-
men against Diophanes and Flami-
ninus, 390; offered his soldiers for
plunder by Brutus, VI. 230; why
she fell according to Plutarch, V.
92 ; hertgovernment a mixture of
democracy and royalty, VI. 112;
had temples of Death, Laughter,
and Fear, X. 66

Spartacus, Thracian, chosen one of 3
leaders by escaped gladiators, his
exploits and death, m. 336 f .

Spartacus, war of, see " Servile war."

Spartan records, V. 52

Spartans, I. 74; 278, V. 74; knew
how to obey, I. 298; on forsaking
precepts of Lycurgus sank from
highest to lowest place, 398; arbi-
ters in dispute between Athenians
and Megarians, 426; n. 18; 240;
send 5000 men by night to assist-
ance of Athenians, 244; at battle
of Plataea, 264 ; quarrel with Athe-
nians over meed of valour after
Plataea, 274; stopped sending out
generals after snub to Pausanias,
286; dislike Themistocles and



favour Cimon, 56, 452; attacked
by Porioeci, Helots and Messenians,
send to Athens for aid which Cimon
brings, 454 f. ; free Delphians from
Phocians, defeat Athenians at Ta-
nagra, 456, m. 28; annoyed at
increasing power of Athenians, 54;
oppose Panhellenic congress pro-
posed by Pericles, 56 ; restore sanc-
tuary to Delphians, 62 ; under
Pleistoanax invade Attica, 64 ; make
peace with Athens for 30 years, 68 ;
receive complaints about Athens
from Corinth, Megara, and Aegina,
84; send embassy to Athens to
arrange Megarian matter, 86 ; under
Archidamus invade Attica, 94;
routed by Nicias when he ravaged
coasts of Laconia, 230; have some
men captured by Cleon on island
of Sphacteria, 234, IV. 32; send
ambassadors to Athens to treat all
issues, m. 242; defeat Argives,
Mantineans, and Eleans at Man-
tinea, IV. 36, V. 92; help Chians in
revolt from Athens, IV. 66 ; defeated
by Athenians off Abydps, 78; accuse
Tissaphernes to Persian king, de-
feated by Alcibiades at Oyzicus and
lose town, 80 f . ; defeat Athenians
at Ephesus, 104 ; defeat Athenians
at Aegospotami, 254; appoint Ly-
sander to take command upon the
sea, 238; under Oallicratidas de-
feated at Arginusae, appoint Aracus
admiral and Lysander vice-admiral
with real power, 248 ; reverse
arrangement of Lysander concern-
ing Sestos and restore Sestians, 268 ;
decree that Athenians tear down
Peiraeus and long walls, 270 ; 284 ;

Order Clearchus to help Oyrus,
XI. 138 f.; wage war on Persians,
172 f. . send Lysander, then Pau-
sanias against Thebans, TV. 310;
defeated by Iphicrates, V. 60; de-
feated at Cnidus and driven off the
sea by Artaxerxes, accept peace of
Antalcidas, 62, XI. 174f.; deprive
Phoebidas of his command and vet
hold Cadmeia, V. 66, 352; 370;
defeated for first time in pitched
battle by Thebans under Pelopidas
at Tegyra, 76, 344, 376, 382 ; under

Cleombrotus invade Boeotia, 66,
372, 388; under Oleombrotus de-
feated by Thebans at Leuctra, 78,
XI. 178; V. 84; defeat Arcadians
in tearless battle, 92; defeated by
Thebans at Mantinea, 94, 350 ; send
generals and governors to aid Diony-
sius, tyrant in Sicily, 420, VI. 34;
defeated by Thebans at Mantinea,
V. 94, 350; 98; under Agis crushed
by Alexander, vn. 58 ; their debts
cancelled by Agis, X. 30; 56; lost
2000 at Philippi, VI. 218

See also, I. 206; 396; TV. 62;
234; IX. 4; X. 74; 300; 302; XI.
82 f.

Sparto, Boeotian, defeated Athenians
and slew Tolmides, their general,
in. 58, v. 50

Sparton, of Rhodes, his release secured
from Alexander by Phocion, vni.

Spercheius, I. 78

Speusippus, most Intimate friend of
Dion at Athens, VI. 34 ; urges Dion
to free Sicily, 44 ; 76

Sphacteria, island on which 400 Spar-
tans were cut off, m. 230, IV. 32

Sphaerus, of Borysthenis, disciple of
Zeno, taught philosophy to Cleo-
menes, X. 52; assisted Cleomenes
in restoring ancient discipline, 72 ;
cited, I. 220

Sphines, see " Calanus."

Sphodrias, harmost of Thespiae, at-
tempts to seize the Peiraeus, ac
quitted by help of Agesilalis, V.
66 f ., 326, 372

Sphragitic nymphs, see " Nymphs,

Spiculus, gladiator of Nero's, slain in
forum, XI. 222

Spinning, to be only task of Eoman
matrons, I. 132, 150

Spinther (1), see " Lentulus Spinther,
L. Cornelius."

Spinther (2), P. Cornelius Lentulus,
accused of engineering Pompey's
appointment as " praefectus anno-
nae,"V. 244; 290; 306

Spithridates (1), induced by Lysander
to revolt from Pharnabazus, IV. 300,
V. 20; father of Megabates, seizes
camp of Pharnabazus; offended,
goes off to Sardis, V. 28



Spithridates (2), Persian commander,

slain by Cleitus, VH. 2G6, 370
Spolia opima, to whom granted, 1. 138,

V. 454
Sporus, Nero's favourite, taken by

Nymphidius Sabinus, XI. 224
Springs, flowing, theories as to source

of their water, VI. 390
Spurina, in command of part of Otho's

forces, XI. 288, 292
Stageira, native city of Aristotle,

restored by Philip, who had de-
stroyed it, vn. 240
Staphylus, son of Ariadne by Theseus

according to some, I. 40 ; according

to others, son of Dionysus and one

of 2 Ariadnes, 42
Stasicrates, artist, popular with Alex-

ander, VII. 424
Stasinus, of Cyprus (Kinkel, Ep.

Oraec. Frag. I. p. 30) X. 68
Stateira (1), wife of Artaxerxes II.,

XI. 136 ; induces Artaxerxes to put

Greek generals to death, therefore

plotted against and poisoned by

Parysatis, 138 f., 166, 168, 170 f.
Stateira (2), sister and wife of Dareius,

captured by Alexander, dies in

child-birth, vn. 310 f .
Stateira (3), daughter of Dareius,

married to Alexander, VK. 418;

murdered by Roxana, 436
Stateira (4), unmarried sister of

Mithridates, at his order takes

poison, n. 524
Statianus, left in guard of wagons by

Antony, surrounded and slain by

Parthians, IX. 222
Statilius, Epicurean, not informed of

plot to murder Caesar, VI. 148
Statues, m. 184; 216; IV. 234; VI.

126; 154; 318; X. 322
Statyllius, hater of Caesar, remained

with Cato, vm. 394 f. ; served under

Brutus, slain at Philippi, 410, VI.

Stenography, introduced by Cicero,

vra. 290
Stephanus (1), prosecuted by Apollo-

dorus, his speech written by Demo-
sthenes, vn. 36
Stephanus (2), graceful singer, badly

burned by naphtha, vn. 330
Steps of Pair Shore, see " Scalae Caci."
Stertinius, sent by Flamininus to


Thrace to deliver cities and islands
there from Philip's garrisons, X. 354

Stesilaus, of Ceos, loved by both
Aristides and Themistoclee,n. 8, 21 G

Stesimbrotus, Thasian, nearly con-
temporary with Cimon, n. 412

Cited: n. 6; 12; 66; 414; 448;
450; 452; in. 24; 44 f.; 74; 104

Sthenis (1), founder of Sinope, made
statue of Autolycus, n. 542

Sthenis (2), of Hirnera, intercedes for

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