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7rpO(r{3aX\,ovTo<;, ol JJLGV 'Apyeioi, KaOdjrep ov%
vrrep Trjs efceivcor e\ev9epias rr}9 /-ta^s ovcr^s, aXX'
&><? TOV ajMva TWV Ne/xt&)^ /3pa/3evovT<>, L<TOI fcal
dearal KaOfjVTO TWV ^fivo^vwv, TTO\\T)V
ayovres, 6 Se "A/oaro? e.vpoxyrao'i CL/JLVVO-



TOV
Kpnjcr e TWV TOTTWV ev ot? TJV, KOI OVK

V7TO



3 el 8e Ka\ rrjv VVKTCI ry TTOVW 7rpO(reTa\at7r(0pr)crev,
OVK ai> Bti]/j,apTv' 6 jap -rvpavvos 7/87; Trcpi 8pa-
ov et^e KOL 7ro\\a rwv ISicov eVl dciKacrrrav
7Tfj,'^re' vvv Se rovro /j.v ov$vos %ay-
76/Xai/TO? 7rpo9 rov "'Aparov, uSaro? Be eVtXt-
7TWTO9, eavrq) Be "pr)Ga<jQai Bia TO rpav/xa /j,rj
ouvd/jLvos t aTnjjaye TOI)? <TT par HOT as.

XXVIII. 'ETrel Be ravrrjv (nreyvci) rrjv 6B6v,



eTropOei' Kal irepl TOV Xa/jr^ra

/za^?;? yevopevrjs TT/JO? '
aiTiav ea^ev &>? yffaTa\i7ra)v TOV dywva
7rpofj.vo<? TO vitcrjfjia. rr}? yap aXX?;? 8vvdfj,w<; 104
6fJLO\oyovfj.evo)s eiTiKpaTOvcrrjs Kal TO)
TTO\U Trpo\6 avails et? TovfjiTrpouOev,

e/c/3/acr^6t? VTTO TWV xaff 1 avTov, &)? dm-



2 TeTapayfjitvos t? TO crTpaTOTreBov. errel Be arrb

)? eTrave\0ovTe<; ol \onrol
OTL Tpe^rd/Jiei'OL TOW? TroXe/ztof?
u TrXaoi-a? eKeivcov KaTa/3a\cvTes rj (
aTroXeVa^Te? Trapa\e\oiTraa'i Tot? rj
62



ARATUS xxvn. i -xxvm. 2

place. Then day came and the tyrant attacked him
from all sides, while the Argives, as though it were
not a battle to secure their liberties, but a contest in
the Nemean games of which they were the judges,
sat as just and impartial spectators of what was going
on, without lifting a finger. Aratus, fighting sturdily,
had his thigh transfixed by a spear-thrust, yet held his
ground, and could not be dislodged at close quarters
until night, though harassed by his enemies. And
if through the night also he had maintained the
struggle, he would not have failed in his attempt ;
for the tyrant was already bent on flight and had
sent on many of his goods to the sea. As it was,
however, no one told Aratus of this, and since water
was failing him and he could not use his strength by
reason of his wound, he led his soldiers away.

XXVIII. Then, since he despaired of success in
this way, he openly invaded the territory of Argos
with his army and ravaged it ; and in a fierce battle
with Aristippus at the river Chares, he was accused
of abandoning the struggle and throwing away the
victory. For although the rest of his forces ad-
mittedly had the upper hand and had gone far on
ahead in pursuit, he himself, not so much because he
was ousted from his position by his opponents, as
out of mistrust of success and in utter fear, withdrew
in disorder to his camp. But when the rest of his
army came back from the pursuit and were indignant
because, though they had routed the enemy and
slain far more of them than they had lost of their
own number, they had suffered the vanquished to

63



PLUTARCH'S LIVES

GTr/crai KaT avTwv Tpoiraiov,
Trd\iv eyvco Bia/jid^ecrOaL Trepl TOV Tporraiov, /cal
fjiiav r)/j,pav BiaXirrwv avOw e^eraaae Trjv cnpa-

3 Tidv. ft)? Be yaOero TrXetora? yeyovoras /cal
0appa\ecoTpov avOicrTa/jievov^ TOU? Trepl TOV TV-
pavvov, OVK T6\/JL7)crv, a\X' aTrrj\de TOU?
VTTOGTrovSovs av6\6fJievo<s. ov fJLT]v a\\a rfj

rrjv ofj.i\iav real TroXireiav e/LLTreipia /cal
rrjv Bta/jiapriav ravrrjv ava/jLa%6/jiVo<; Trpoa-tyyd-
jero ra? KXew^a? rot? 'A^euots, xal TOV dywva
TWV Ne/ietct)^ ijyayev ev K.\ea)vai<;, a>9 TraTpiov

4 ovTa /cal /.ia\\ov Trpocnj/covTa TOVTOIS. rjyajov
Be /cal 'Apyeioi, /cal trvve%v0r) rore Trp&Tov r)

rot? dywvKTTais dcrv\ia /cal
&v 'A^a<wz>, ocrou? e\a/3ov -t

ev "Apyei, Bid T% ^copa? Tropevo/juevovs a)? TTO\-
o/jievGov. OUTGO <T(f)oSpo<; r)v /cal aTrap-
ev TO) /jLiaeiv TOU? Tvpdvvovs.
XXIX. 'OXi/yeo Be vorTCpov d/covcra? TOV 'Api-
em/SovXevetv JJL^V rat? KXea>mi9, (froftei-
Be eicelvov ev K.oplv8w KaOe^ofievov, rjdpoicrev
e/c TrapayyeX./jLaTos o~TpaTeiai>. real aiTta /ce-



KaTrj\6ev, KKa\ovfjievos Bi aTrar^? T&V ' '
TTOV a)? avTOV jj,r} TrapovTOS emOecrOai
KXewvaiois' o /cal ffvveftrj. jraprjv <ydp ev0v$ ei;
2 "Apyovs e%(ov TTJV Bvva/j,iv. 6 Be "Aparo9
I\6pivdov rf



1 After the events narrated in xxxiv. ff,
64



ARATUS xxvui. 2-xxix. 2

erect a trophy over the victors, Aratus was ashamed
and determined again to fight out the question of
the trophy, and on the next day but one put his
army once more in battle array. However, on per-
ceiving that the forces of the tyrant were more
numerous than before and more courageous in their
resistance, he would not venture a decisive battle,
but withdrew after being allowed to take up his dead
under a truce. Nevertheless, by his skill in dealing
with men and public affairs, and by the favour in
which he stood, he retrieved this failure, brought
Cleonae into the Achaean League, and celebrated
the Nemean games in that city, on the ground that
it had an ancient and more fitting claim upon them.
But the games were also celebrated at Argos, and
then for the first time the privilege of asylum and
safe-conduct which had been granted to contestants
in the games was violated, since the Achaeans treated
as enemies and sold into slavery all contestants in
the games at Argos whom they caught travelling
through their territory. So fierce and implacable
was Aratus in his hatred of tyrants.

XXIX. A little while after this, 1 Aratus heard
that Aristippus was plotting against Cleonae, but
feared to attack it while his enemy was posted at
Corinth ; he therefore assembled an army by public
proclamation. And after ordering his troops to
carry provisions for several days, he inarched down
to Cenchreae, by this stratagem inviting Aristippus
to attack Cleonae in the belief that his enemy was
not at hand; and this was actually what happened.
For the tyrant set out at once from Argos with his
forces. But Aratus, returning from Cenchreae to
Corinth as soon as it was dark, and posting guards

65



PLUTARCH'S LIVES

real T9 6801)9 (f)V\aKais BiaXaftwv, fjye TOVS
eTTo/JLevovs OVTW fxev evTaKTws, OVTW Be
Kal TrpoOvuws ware /Jirj fjiovov oSevovras,
a Kal Tfape\OovTa<; et? ra? K\ewvds ert VVK-



TO9 ovarj^ Kal (jwra^afJievov^ eVl ^^rjv yvoe-
3 tr^ai Aral \av6dveiv TOV ' ApL&TiTrTrov. cifjLa Be
Tj/jLepa TWV TTfXco^ dvoi%9eicra)v Kal Trjs crdXTTLy-
yo? e'y/ i eeXei;cra / uei>?79, Spoj^fo Kal d\a\ay/jiw Trpocr-
rot? Tro'X.e/jLLois v6v<? erpe-^aro, Kal
SLWKCOV fj /jidXiaTa (fievyciv virevoei rov



4 TWV. yevo/Jievri^ Be T/}?

o /lev Tvpavvos VTVO K/)?;TO? TWOS, 009
icrropei, Tovvoyia TpayiaKov, (earctXrj^Oel^ CUTTO-
(T<j)d'Trrai, TWV Bit a\\a)v eTreaov virep

o Be "ApaT09 OI/TQ)
Kal [iijBeva TWV avTOv

d7ro/3a\a)V, O/-KW? oi)/c e'Xa/3e TO "Apyos ovBe
, TWV Trep\ * Ay lav Kal TOV vewTepov
/xera Bvvd/^eoos /3aai\iKrfi rrap-
Kal Karaa^ovTwv ra 7rpdy/j.ara.

5 To /xez^ ouz^ TroXu T?}9 Bia/3o\.fjs Kal \6yovs Kal
(TKcoa/uaTa Kal ySco/uoXo^ta9 Trapei\TO TWV KoXa-

K6VOVTWV TOU9 TVpdvVQVS Kal BlC^iOVTWV, KiVOLS

et)9 ToO aTpaTiiyov TWV
uev rj Kot\.ua rrapd T
Be TrpoGTriTCTOi Kal i\iyyos d^a TW rrapa-
<JTr\vai TOV o-a\.7riyKTijv, e/crci^a9 Be TYJV
Kal TO orvvOijua Trapeyyvijcras, Kal
TWV v7TO(7TpaTr)ywv Kal \o^aywv, ui

s ({3e/3\r)(T&ai yap rou9 d&Tpa-
, aTrep^oiTO KapaSoKt'/awv rroppwOev TO

66



ARATUS xxix. 2-5

along all the roads, led his Achaeans towards
Cleonae, and they followed him in such good order
and with such swiftness and alacrity that not only
while they were on the march, but also when they
had got into Cleonae, before the night was over, and
had arrayed themselves for battle, Aristippus knew
nothing at all of it. Then, at daybreak, the gates
were thrown open, the trumpet gave its loud signal,
and dashing at a run and with shouts upon the
enemy Aratus routed them at once, and kept on
pursuing where he most suspected that Aristippus
was in flight, the country having many diverging
routes. The pursuit continued as far as Mycenae,
where the tyrant was overtaken and slain by a
certain Cretan named Tragiscus, as Deinias relates ;
and besides him there fell over fifteen hundred.
But although Aratus had won so brilliant a success,
and had lost not a single one of his own soldiers, he
nevertheless did not take Argos nor set it free, since
Agias and the younger Aristomachus burst into the
city with troops of the king and took control of affairs.
This success, then, refuted much of the calumny
heaped upon Aratus, as well as the scoffing and
abusive stories of the flatterers of the tvrants, who



would recount, to please their masters, how the
general of the Achaeans always had cramps in the
bowels when a battle was imminent, and how torpor
and dizziness would seize him as soon as the
trumpeter stood by to give the signal, and how,
after he had drawn up his forces and passed the
watchword along, he would ask his 1 eutenants and
captains whether there was any further need of his
presence (since the die was already cast), and then
go off to await the issue anxiously at a distance. For



PLUTARCH'S LIVES

6 crv/JLJ3r)<T6/j.6POP. raura yap OVTOJS ia^vaev were
real TOW? <pi\o(TO(f)Ov<; tv Tat9 cr^oXat? ^roOfra?
el TO ird\\ecr6ai TTJP KapBlap KOI TO ^pay/jLa Tpe-
Treadat KOI rrjv Koi\iav etvypaivecrOai, irapd ra
(fraipo/jiepa Beipa SetXia? ecrrlv r) Sv&Kpacrias TLVOS
Trepl TO aw/ia KCU -^rvxporrjTo^, ovopd^eLv ael rbv
"Aparov w? ajaOov /itV 6VTa (Trpar^yov, ael Be
ravra TrdcryovTa irapa TOI)? dywvas.

XXX. 'I!? 8' OVV TOP 'ApiO-TlTTTTOV dl>el\.l', 1041

evOvs eTreftovXevo'e Av&idbr] rw ^l<ya\O7ro\irr)
rvpavvovvTi TT)? eavrov vraTyotSo?. o Be OVK wv
dyevvrjs ovBe d<pi\6rifjiO^ rrjv <$)V<TLV, ovBe
ol 7TO\\ol TWV fJiovdp-)(wv dfcpaaia tcdi 7r
Tavrrjv pi/et? T^;^ dBixiav, oAA,' e
80^7;? eVt veos /cai Xoyou? tyevSeis /cal
\eyo/jivov<> Trepl Tvpavvi&os, co? p,aKaplov
Aral Oav/LLaarov Trpdy/jiaros, et? /jieya (^povrf^a
7rapaBe%dfjiVos dvoijrws, feal Karaa-r^cra^ eavrov
Tvpavvov ra^v yuecrTO? 771^ TT}? etc (jLovap^las /3apv-
2 T77TO?. a/jLa Be ty)\&v evTj/jLepovvra fcal BeBoitcax;

7Tl/3oV\6VOVTa TOP "ApaTOV WpfJL^(7 Ka\\L(TTr)V

op/^rjv /xeTa/3a\oyLtei/09, Trpcorov pep eavrov e\ev-
Oepwcrai /ztcrof? Kal ^>o/3ou Kal fypovpas real
Bopv(j)6pa)v, elra T>}? TrarptSo? euepyenis 'yeveaOai
Kal nTa7re/jL'frd}jiVos TOP "ApaTOV d<f>r}Ke TTJV
ap\r')v y Kal TTJV 7ro\iv et? TOU? 'A^atoi/? /JLCT-
</>' ol? fJL r ya\vvovTes avTov ol ^ Amatol



3 <f>t,\OTi/jiovfjivo<; Be eiiflvs i)7rep(Sa\elv B6j;r) TOP
"ApaTOp aXXa? TG 7roA,A,a? 7rpd{;is OVK dpayxaia?
elvai Boxovcras Kal aTpaTeiap eVt AaKeBaiLLOPiov?
7rapijyy\^p. eviGTdiievos Be 6 "ApaTo? avr<p

68



ARATUS xxix. 5-xxx. 3

these stories were so prevalent that even in the
schools of philosophy, when the query arises whether
palpitation of the heart and change of colour and
looseness of the bowels, in the presence of seeming
peril, are the mark of cowardice, or of some faulty
temperament and chilliness in the body, Aratus is
always mentioned by name as one who was a good
general, but always had these symptons when a
contest was impending.

XXX. Having thus made away with Aristippus,
Aratus at once began to plot against Lydiades, who
was tyrant in his native city of Megalopolis. This
Lydiades was neither of mean birth nor naturally
lacking in high ambition, nor, like most sole rulers,
had he been driven by licence and rapacity into this
iniquity, but he had been fired with a love of glory
while still young, and had thoughtlessly associated
with his high spirit the false and empty doctrines
current concerning tyranny, to the effect that it was
a wonderful and blessed thing. And now that he
had made himself tyrant, he was quickly sated with
the burdens which devolve upon the sole ruler.
Therefore, at once envying the successes of Aratus
and fearing his plots, he adopted a new and most
admirable plan, first, to free himself from hatred and
fear and guards and spearmen, and second, to become
a benefactor of his native city. So he sent for
Aratus, resigned his power, and made his city a
member of the Achaean League. Wherefore the
Achaeans exalted him and chose him general.

Lydiades was at once ambitious to surpass Aratus
in reputation, and not only did many other things
which were thought unnecessary, but also proclaimed
an expedition against the Lacedaemonians. Aratus

69



PLUTARCH'S LIVES

<f)0oi>eiv e&oKei* KOI TO ye Bevrepov 6
crrparr/yos rjpeffr), dvrLrrpdrrovros avriKpvs Apd-
TOV KOI arrovBd^ovro^ erepay TrapaBoOijvaL rrjv
ap^r\v. auro? fjiev "/dp, co? eipqrai, Trap' eviavrov

4 r)pye. ^XP L f 1 ^ vv T/H'TT?? crrparrjyias 6 Av-
^fam;? ev (pepofjuevos &iT\i KOI Trap" eviavrov
r)pX v va\\a rro 'Aparw crrpaTrjywv' fyavepav
Be e%ev<yKa[jLevos e^Opav /cal TroXXaAa? avrov

ev rot? 'A^cuofr aTreppifyr] /cat
], TreTrAacr/xt'l'ft) Sotcwv ijOei TT/JO? aX^-

5 6ivr)i> Kal aicepaiov aperrjv ap,i\.\a.ar9ai. /cal
KaOdirep T<p Kotcicvyi (f>ij<riv ATcrwTro?, epayrwvrt
TOU? XeTTToi)? opvi6as o ri tfrevyoiev avrov, el^relv
e/ceivovs a;? ear at, Trore iepa%, ovrcos eoitce ih
Avtd$j) TrapaKo\ovdeiv etc rtfi Tupavvi&os VTTO-
^ria ftXaTTTovoa Ttiv (frvcriv avrov r^ /A6Ta/3oXr)?.

r ^ r -\r r ( f\ ^\ M \ >C^/ \ \

XXXI. CJ O6 Aparo? evboKi^ae teat rrepi
ra? \lra)\LKa<f irpd^eis, ore crf/i/3aXetv jjie



rrpo

teal rov ySao-iXeo)? rcov AaKeSatfJiOVLwv "



rrjv ^d'^riv rovs 'A^a^ouv, vavTK00el<;
ev oveiBrj, Tro\\d 8' ei? \jLO\aKiav
dro\uiav Kal cr/ccoyU/iara /cal j^fvaa
va<t ov TrpoiJKaro rov rov av/A<j)epovro<> \oyicr uoi>
Sia TO ^aivo^evov alcr^pov, d\\a Trape^otypyjcre
TO!? Tro\euLoi<; VTrepftaXovai rrjv Yepdveiav d/j,a-
2 ^ei rrape\0 civet? He\o7r6vvr)crov. co? aevrot rrap-
e\66vres ej;ai<j)vr)<> Ti~\,\rjv?]v Kare\a{3ov, ovKer r/v
6 auro?, oud' eue\\e Siarpifiaiv Kal



1 Chap. xxiv. 4. * About 241 is.c. Ci the Agis, xiv. f.
70



ARATUS xxx. 3-xxxi. 2

opposed him, but was thought to do so out of
jealousy ; and Lydiades was chosen general for the
second time,, though Aratus openly worked against
him and was eager to have the office given to some-
one else. For Aratus himself, as I have said, 1 held
the office every other year. Accordingly, until he
was general for the third time, Lydiades continued
to be held in favour, and held the office every other
year in alternation with Aratus ; but after displaying
an open enmity to him and frequently denouncing
him before the Achaeans, he was cast aside and
ignored, since it was apparent that he was contend-
ing, with a fictitious character, against a genuine and
unadulterated virtue. And just as the cuckoo, in
the fable of Aesop, when he asks the little birds
why they fly away from him, is told by them that he
will one day be a hawk, so it would seem that since
Lydiades had once been a tyrant he was never free
from a suspicion, which did injustice to his real
nature, that he would change again.

XXXI. In the Aetolian war also Aratus won a
good repute. For when the Achaeans were bent
on an engagement with the Aetolians in front of
Megara, 2 and Agis the king of the Lacedaemonians
was come up with an army and joined in urging the
Achaeans on to battle, Aratus opposed this counsel,
and in spite of much vilification and much scoffing
abuse for weakness and cowardice would not abandon,
because of any seeming disgrace, which he judged to
be for the general advantage, but allowed the enemy
to cross the Geraneian range without a battle and
pass on into Peloponnesus. When, however, after
thus passing on, they suddenly seized Pellene, he
was no longer the same man, nor would he wait at

71



PLUTARCH'S LIVES

aQ poiaQ^vcLi teal crvve\9elv et? ravrb
rrjv Bvva/jiiv, dXX,' euOus cbp^rja-e pera rwv Trapov-
rwv errl rovs TroXeytu'of? eV TO) KpcLTelv daOeve-
3 arrdrovs &L dra^iav KOI vftpiv 6Wa?. afj.a yap
TO) irapeXdeiv et? rrjv TTO\IV ol /JLCV



eV rai?



d\\ij\ov<j KOI Sia[4ax6/j,i>oi Trepl rcov

Be teal \o%ayol ra? yvvatfcas KOI ra?

rwv T[\\r)i>0)V TreptlovTes
real TO. Kpavr) ra avrwv dffraipovvres
TTSpieTlOecrav rov fj,i]$eva \.a{3eLv a\\ov,
tcpdvei &r)\ov eirai rov Becnrorrjif eKaarrj^. ourw
Be 8iaKi/j.evois aurois /cal Tavra Trpdrrovaiv
6 "Aparo? 7ri7recra)v TrpocrrjyyeXOti. /cal
6/C7rX.7/^ea)9, o'iav etVo? ev dra^ia TOI-
avrrj, irplv rj Trdvras irvQe.aQai TOV xivSwov ol



TOL Trepl ra? TrvXa? roZ? 'A^ato?? /cal rd irpodcneia



crv/jL7recr6vT$ e<pevyov rjSrj vevLKi]^evoL, /cal /care- 104



TOL>? a-vi'iarafAevovs /cal



XXXII. 'Ey rovrco Be ra> rapd^w p.la
ai^/iaXa)Ta)i/, 'ETrty^of? dvBpos evBo^ov OvyaTtjp,
avrrj Be /cdXXei /cal /jLeyedei crcoyuaro?
Tv%e [lev eV TW tepa) KaOe^opevr) TT}? '
01; /carea-TTjcrev av-rijv 6 eViXe/cTa^T;? eXa>^ eavra)
fcal TrepiOels ri]v Tpi\o<$>iav, d<pva) Be e/cBpa/j.ov(ra
2 7T/3O? rov 6opvftov, a)? earrj Trpo rwv Ovpwv rov
lepov /cal /car/3\\lsev et? TOU? /^a^o/jievov^ avu>6ev
e^ovcra rr)v rpi\o(j)iav, avrots re rot? 7ro\irat<;
72



ARATUS xxxi. 2-xxxn. 2

all in order that his forces might assemble and come
together from all quarters, but at once set out with
those he had against the enemy, whom the disorder
and wantonness attendant upon their success had
wholly weakened. For as soon as they had entered
the city, the common soldiers had scattered them-
selves among the houses, jostling and fighting with
one another over the booty, while the leaders and
captains were going about and seizing the wives and
daughters of the Pellenians, on whose heads they
put their own helmets, that no one else might seize
them, but that the helmet might show to whom each
woman belonged. But while they were in this
situation and thus engaged, word was suddenly
brought them that Aratus had attacked. Dismay
fell upon them, as was natural amid such disorder,
and before all had learned of the danger the fore-
most of them, engaging with the Achaeans at the
gates and in the suburbs, were already conquered
and in full flight, and being driven in headlong rout,,
they filled with dismay those who were collecting
together and coming to their aid.

XXX11. In the midst of this confusion, one of the
captive women, daughter of Epigethes, a man of
distinction, and herself conspicuous for beauty and
stateliness of person, chanced to be sitting in the
sanctuary of Artemis, where she had been placed by
the captain of a picked corps, who had seized her for
his prize and set his three crested helmet upon her
head. But suddenly she ran forth to view the
tumult, and as she stood in front of the gate of the
sanctuary and looked down upon the combatants
from on high, with the three-crested helmet on her
head, she seemed to the citizens themselves a vision

73



PLUTARCH'S LIVES



?; Arar' dvOpwTrov <f)dvrj, Kal

rot? 7roXe/uo? (^acr/za delov opdv SOKOVCTL (frptKTjv
ei>/3a\ teal #ayu/3o?, wcrre fj,r)$eva TpeTreaOai, Trpb?
dXtcrjv,

AVTOL Ofc- ITeAAT/z'eK \eyova-t TO /3/
^eoO TOJ^ yuez/ d\\ov (iTroKelcrOai. %povov a
orav &e tavrjOev VTTO TT}? iepeias eK^epTji
7rpocrj3\e7riv evavriov, aX\' diroTpeTTecrOaL Trdv-
Ta?' OL 7a/o dvOpanroLs fiovov opa^ia (frpiKTov
eivai Kai ^aXeirov, d\\a KOI bev&pa iroielv d(f)opa
Kal fcapTrovs dTra/.L/3\ia-/civ, St' MV av KO/jLir)rai.
3 TOUTO &r) rare rrjv tepetav t^eveyKa/Aevijv Kal rpe-
Trovcrav del Kara rou? A.iTa>\ovy dvTLTrpoa-wrrov
e/ctypovas Karao-rrjcrai Kal irape\effdai rbv \oyi-
cr/j,6i>. 6 5e "Aparo? ov&ev ev rot? v
eiprj/ce TOIOVTOV, d\\d fy^Gi rpetyd/jLevo
AtrcoXoi/? Kal favyovcu avveicnreautv et? Tr)V



Kara
vai. TO $e epyov v rot?

6 ^u>ypd(j)o^ eirolrfcrev epfyavTiKtos rrj



XXXIII. Ou jjirjv d\\d TToXkcov eOv&v Kal
SwacTToyv errl TOVS 'A^auou?
o "A/3aTO9 errpaTTe (j>t\Lav TT/DO? TOV?



(rvvepyw xp)iad/j,vo<; ov p,ovov elptjvijv, d\\d Kal
rot? 'A^ouoi? TT^O? TOL/?



2 Tot/? Be 'AOrjvaiovs cnrovbd^wv e\v0epa)(rai
Si/3\ijQii Kal KaKoy? IJKOvcrev vrrb TWV 'A^a^wz/,
OTI arrovSds TreTroirj/Aevcov avT&v TT/JO? TOL/? Ma/ce-
Sovas Kal dvo^a^ dyovrwv eVe^etp^cre TOP Heipatd

74



ARATUS xxxi i. 2-xxxm. 2

of more than human majesty, while the enemy
thought they saw an apparition from heaven and
were struck with amazement and terror, so that not
a man of them thought of defending himself.

But the Pellenians themselves tell us that the
image of the goddess usually stands untouched, and
that when it is removed by the priestess and carried
forth from the temple, no man looks upon it, but all
turn their gaze awav ; for not only to mankind is it

fj > >

a grievous and terrible sight, but trees also, past
which it may be carried, become barren and cast
their fruit. This image, then, they say, the priestess
carried forth from the temple at this time, and by
ever turning it in the faces of the Aetolians robbed
them of their senses and took away their reason.
Aratus, however, in his Commentaries, makes no
mention of such a thing, but says that after routing
the Aetolians and bursting into the city with them
as they fled, he drove them out by main force, and
slew seven hundred of them. The action was ex-
tolled as among the greatest exploits, and Timanthes
the painter made a picture of the battle which in its
composition vividly pourtrayed the event.

XXXIII. Notwithstanding, since many peoples and
dynasts were combining against the Achaeans, Aratus
at once sought to make friends of the Aetolians, and
with the assistance of Pantaleon, their most in-
fluential man, not only made peace, but also an
alliance between them and the Achaeans.

But in his eagerness to set Athens free he incurred
the bitter reproaches of the Achaeans, because,
though they had made a truce and suspended hos-
tilities with the Macedonians, he attempted to seize

75



PLUTARCH'S LIVES

avros Be apvovfievos ev TO?? VTTO-
ol? d7ro\e\oi,7rev '\Lpylvov alriarai, fjL6&

3 OV TCL TTCpl TOV ' A/CpOKOpl v6ov tTTpa^eV. KIVOV

yap IBia TO> Tletpaiel Trpocrftakovra Kal TJ}? K\L-
/JLCLKOS a-vvrpifteicrr)*; ^LWKo^evov ovofjui^etv Kal
Ka\elv (Tvve)W<; "Aparov )G7rep Trapovra, Kal bia-
e^aTraT/jcravTa TO 1/9 7roXe/iioi/9. ov
Soxel TTiOavo)? aTroXoyelcrdai- rov yap \Lpyl-
vov, (ivd pwrrov ISiajTrjv Kal ^vpov, CLTT' ov&evos r)V

64/COT09 7TL VOVV $Ci\kaQai TT)V TrjXlKaVTTJV TTpdfjlV.,

el yur/ TOV " Aparov el^ev rjye/jLova Kal Trap' exeiivov
T-qv Svvafjiiv KOI TOV Kaipbv i\rjcf)i TT/PO? TTJV TTL-
4 QGGLV. eSfauxre Be Kal auTo? 6 v A/jaTO? ov Bis
ouBe Tpis, d\\a TroXXa/a?, axnrep ol
7rL^ipyj(Ta^ TW TLetpaiCi Kal TT/OO? Ta?
OVK aTTOKafJitoVy d\\a TU> Trapa /j.iKpbv del Kal
(Tvi'eyyvs d7ro(T(j)d\\ea-0ai TWV e\7riBa)v Trpo? TO
Oappelv dvaKa\ov/j,vos. aTraj; Be Kal TO cr/teXo?
t'cTTracre Bid TOU piaaiov (frevywv Kal TO/ia?
TroXXa? OepaTrevofj-evos, Kal TTO\VV \povov
(fropeiw KOjAi^oiJLevos ejroieiTo TO,? o~TpaTeias.
XXXIV. *AvTiyovov Be asrroQavQVTOS Kal AT?-
TTJV {3ao~i\eiav 7rapa\aj36vTo<
Tat? 'AOtjvais Kal oXw? KaTecppovei
Bto Kal KaTOevTO^ avTOv



VTTO tuo? TOV i^r)Tpiov o~Tpa-
TJjyov, Kal \6yov yevofievov TTO\\OV fiev, a>9
ed\(i3K t TTO\\OV Be &)? TeOvrjKev, 6 fjiev TOV TLei- 1043
2 paid (frpovpwv &ioyevrj<; eTre^tyev eTrio-TO\r]V



1 Antigonus Gonatas died in 239 B.C , and was succeeded
by his son Demetrius II., who reigned ten years.

7 6



ARATUS xxxm. 2-xxxiv. 2

the Peiraeus. He himself, however, in the Com-
mentaries which he left, lays the blame for this
attempt upon Erginus, with whose aid he had
effected the capture of Acrocorinthus. He says that
Erginus attacked the Peiraeus on his own private
account, and that when his scaling-ladder broke and
the enemy were pursuing him, he kept calling upon
Aratus by name, as if Aratus were there, and thus
deceived and made his escape from them. But this
defence does not seem to be convincing. For Erginus
was a private man and a Syrian, and there is no
likelihood that he would have conceived of so great an
undertaking if he had not been under the guidance
of Aratus and obtained from him the force and the
fitting time for the attack. And Aratus himself also
made this plain, since he assaulted the Peiraeus, not
twice or thrice, but many times, like a desperate
lover, and would not desist in spite of his failures,
but was roused to fresh courage by the very narrow-
ness of the slight margin by which he was dis-
appointed of his hopes. And once he actually put
his leg out of joint as he fled through the Thriasian
plain ; and while he was under treatment for this,
the knife was often used upon him, and for a long
time he was carried in a litter upon his campaigns.



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