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curias Trpwrov eicelvov, elra TOU? aXXou9 aTravras.
e rovs arpanwras ev rat?



araKTU>, ffaa Tat? /jLaaai^ avrcov eVe-



Ba\ev, YJV 6

XI. Tavra irparrcdv h> ^L/ceXia teal 7ro\irev6-
IJLCVOS e'Se^aro Soy/za o-vyfcXijTOv KOI <ypd/jL/Aara
SuXXa K\evovra et? Ai/3urjv irXeiv /cal TroXe/zei/'
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v Mapto? ou
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/caraa-^ovrt Be avr& rat? //.ev et?
jv vavai, rat? Se et? KapxySova, rwv 7ro\e-
aTrocrravre? eirraKKTyiXiot irpocreywpricrav,

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ai/To? oe 7776^ e^ ei^reX?; ray/jiara.

3 ^v^L/Srjvat Be avra) Trpay/jia ye\oiov l<yropov(Ti.
a-Tpanwrai yap rives, 0)9 eoi/ce, Oycravpw Trepi-
Trecrovres eKaftov ffv^va xprj/jLara. rov 8e irpdy-
fiaros yvo/Jivov fyavepov B6a rois aXXo/9
Trapea-rrj TTCLGI ^prj/jidrcov fiefrrov elvai rov roirov
ev rals Trore rv^ais rwv K.ap%r)8ovLQ)v aTrore-

4 OeijjLevwv. ovSev ovv 6 Ilo/^7T^O9

aricorais errl ?roXXa9 i]/*e
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roaauras 6 pv era ova as Kal o~rp<povcras



140



POMPEY, x. 7-xi. 4

liis enemies, into their course. Pompey, then, ad-
miring the man's frank speech and noble spirit,
pardoned him first, and then all the rest. And
again, on hearing that his soldiers were disorderly in
their journeys, he put a seal upon their swords, and
whosoever broke the seal was punished.

XI. While he was thus engaged in settling the
affairs of Sicily, he received a decree of the senate
and a letter from Sulla ordering him to sail to Africa
and wage war with all his might against Domitius.
For Domitius had assembled there a much larger
force than that with which Marius, no long time
ago, 1 had crossed from Africa into Italy and con-
founded the Roman state, making himself tyrant
instead of exile. Accordingly, after making all his
preparations with great speed, Pompey left Memmius,
his sister's husband, as governor of Sicily, while he
himself put out to sea with a hundred and twenty
galleys, and eight hundred transports conveying
provisions, ammunition, money, and engines of war.
No sooner had he landed with part of his ships at
Utica, 2 and with part at Carthage, than seven thou-
sand of the enemy deserted and came over to him ;
and his own army contained six complete legions.

Here, we are told, a ludicrous thing happened to
him. Some soldiers, it would seem, stumbled upon
a treasure and got considerable amounts of money.
When the matter became public, the rest of the army
all fancied that the place was full of money which
the Carthaginians had hidden away in some time of
calamity. Accordingly, Pompey could do nothing with
his soldiers for many days because they were hunting
treasures, but he went about laughing at the spectacle
of so many myriads of men digging and stirring up

1 In 87 B.C. a In SI B.C.

141



PLUTARCH'S LIVES



TO Tre&lov, eco? djreiTTOvTes erceXevov avrovs d*yeiv

O7T7 ftov\Tai TOV HofATTIjlOV, CO? BiK^JV IKCLVrjV

d(3e\Tepias BeBw/coTas.
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Tiva



/cal Tpa^lav, ofjiftpos apa Trvev^aTi TroXu?
dpi;d/j,vos KdTel'xev, wcrTe djro'yvbvTa T^
K4,vr]<s ^a^effaaOai TOV ko/JieTioi' dva^vyrjv
TrapayyeiXai. IIoyu,7r?;io9 Be TOVTOV avTov TTOL-
ov/.tevos TOV Kaipbv o^ew? 7rijei KOI &ie/3aive TTJV
2 %apdopav. ol Be ara/cro)? KOI Oopv^ov/Jievoi KOI
ov TrdvTes ovBe ouaXw? vciaTavTO, KCLI TO



airot? Tro&.ov evavTiav.



ov fjirjv d\\a KOL TOU? 'Poyjuaiovs 6 ^eifjiwv eTapa-



ov KdopwvTas
T o/z7r?;o? etcivvvevo-ev



tcivS

TO crvvO^/jLa /BpdBiov a



3 'lad/n,voi Be TTO\\M (fioi'M TOU?

(\eyovT(n jap UTTO &io~fj,vpiwv Tpio"%i\,ioi Bia-
avTOtcpaTOpa TOV HO/JLTT^JLOV r)0~7rdcravTo.
Be exe'ivov ^ Be^ecrdai, Trjv Ti/Jirjv c&)?
opOov ecrTTjice TO aTpaTOTreBov TWV 7ro\efj,i(i)v, el
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/caTa/3a\elv, wp/j,r/o-av ei>0v






TOV xdpaKCf Kal Tlo/jiTn'fios civev Kpdvovs ijycovi-



4 ero BeBoiKovs TO TrpoTepov Tcd0o<$. d\io~KTai Brj
TO aTpaTOTreBov Kal diroOvyja-Kei Aoyuerio?. TWV
Be 7r6\ea)v at /JLCV ev0v<$ VTTIJKOVOV, al Be KCLTCL
e\r)<f)0r)o-av. etXe Be Kai TWV



142



POMPEY, xi. 4 -xn. 4

Hie ground. At last they grew weary of the search
.Mid bade Pompey lead them where he pleased,
assuring him that they had been sufficiently punished
for their folly.

XII. Domitius now drew up his army against
Pompey, with a ravine in front of him which was
rough and difficult to cross ; but a violent storm of
wind and rain began in the morning and continued
to rage, so that he gave up the idea of fighting that
day and ordered a retreat. But Pompey, taking
advantage of this opportunity, advanced swiftly to
the attack, and crossed the ravine. The enemy met
his attack in a disorderly and tumultuous fashion,
not all of them indeed, nor with any uniformity ;
besides, the wind veered round and drove the rain
into their faces. However, the Romans also were
troubled by the storm, since they could not see one
another clearly, and Pompey himself narrowly escaped
death by not being recognized, when a soldier de-
manded the countersign from him and he gave it
rather slowly.

Nevertheless, they routed the enemy with great
slaughter (it is said that out of twentv thousand

o \ /

only three thousand escaped), and hailed Pompey as
Imperator. And when he said he would not accept
the honour as long as the camp of the enemy was
intact, but that if they thought him worthy of the
appellation, they must first destroy that, his soldiers
immediately made an assault upon the ramparts ; and
Pompey fought without his helmet, for fear of a peril
like the one he had just escaped. The camp was
soon taken, and Domitius was slain. Then some of
the cities submitted at once to Pompey, and others
were taken by storm. King larbas also, the con-



143



PLUTARCH'S LIVES



TOV

/Ba&iXeiav 'Ir/'/rv^-a 7rapeB(o/ce. %pa)/jt,evo<; Be rfj
/cal TTJ pv/Ay TOV crTparev/jiaTos et? rrjv

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v KOI (f>oj3epbv e
, ov$e ra Orjpia &eiv e^rj ra rrjv

KCLTOlKOVVTa Tr)? TCOV 'P '&> fJLaiWV a7TLpa /3ft)yLt?/9 KOI

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e\e$>dvrwv rj^epas SieTpityev ov vroXXa?' rat? Se
vracrat?, w? ^>acrt, Tea-crapaKOvra rovs iroXefJiiovs
avvei\e KOL AiftvrjV e^eipwaaro /cal Sir}Tr)(7 ra
rwv ftacriXewv, ero? a<ywv etcivo reraprov teal

elfCOCTTOV.

XIII. 'ETrawX^o^Tt Be et? 'ITVKTJV avrw

TrpocrraTTovros a



avrov



i rov Sia86J;6/j,ei>ov
eVl TOVTOLS a8?;Xa)9 /^ei' avrbs
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KOI Seydevros TOV Tlo/jiTrrjiov rrpo-
TOV T 2uXXaz> /caKws eXeyov, Ka/ceivov
OVK ecpaaav Trpor)<ja0ai %<w/?t9 avTwv, ovBe ei'wv
2 mcrTeveiv TW -rvpavvM. TO /j,ev ovv TCPWTOV o



7Tipro rrpavveiv /ca
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7rl TIJV (T/crjvrjv



ol Be cri;XXaySoi/Te9 avTov avdis eVt TOV /3ij/j.aTO<;
/carecTTrja-av /cal TTO\V yue/009 T^9 77 /xe pas dvrj-
\ct)6r), TWV fjiev /Jieveiv /cal ap^eiv K\ev6vTO)V, TOV
Be TrelOecrOai, Seo/j,i>ov /cal pr} crTaatd^eiv, a



144



POMPEY, xn. 4-xin. 2

federate of Domitius, was captured, and his king-
dom given to Hiempsal. Taking advantage of the
good fortune and momentum of his army, Pompey
no\v invaded Numidia. He marched through the
country for many days, conquered all who came in
his way, and made potent and terrible again the
Barbarians' fear of the Romans, which had reached
.i low ebb. Nay, he declared that even the wild
beasts in African lairs must not be left without
experience of the courage and strength of the
Romans, and therefore spent a few days in hunting
lions and elephants. It took him only forty days all
told, they say, to bring his enemies to naught, get
Africa into his power, and adjust the relations of its
kings, though he was but twenty-four years of age.
XIII. On his return to Utica, a letter from Sulla
was brought to him, in which he was commanded to
send home the rest of his army, but to remain there
himself with one legion, awaiting the arrival of the
general who was to succeed him. Pompey himself
gave no sign of the deep distress which these orders
caused him, but his soldiers made their indignation
manifest. When Pompey asked them to go home
before him, they began to revile Sulla, declared they
would not forsake their general, and insisted that he
should not trust the tyrant. At first, then, Pompey
tried what words could do to appease and mollify
them ; but when he was unable to persuade them,
he came down from his tribunal and withdrew to his
tent in tears. Then his soldiers seized him and set
him again upon his tribunal, and a great part of the
day was consumed in this way, they urging him to
remain and keep his command, and hebeirffino; them

1 O (^ O

to obey and not to raise a sedition. At last, when
their clamours and entreaties increased, he swore

145



PLUTARCH'S LIVES

ov TTpoaXnrapovvTayv Kal KaTafiowvrwv &i
dvaipi]criv eaurbv el ftid^oivro, Kal fi,o\i$ OV
7ravcrai>TO.
3 Tto Be %v\\a TrpwTTj ^ev rj\dev dyye\ia rbi>



apu

d^wvas d^wvi^eadaL, Bid TO Kal
aura) veov ovra KO/jLi&f) TrXetcrra irpd'y^ara irapa-
a^elv KOI ei? TOL>? ecr^arou? TrepicrTTJarai, KivSv-

4 vovs, TrvOu/jievos $e Ta\.r)@f], Kal Trdvras dvdpa)-
Trof? aicrOavoiJievos ^e^eadai KOI 7rapa7Tfj,7rLi>
TOV \\ofJL7rr]lov GDp/LLTj/uLevovs /ACT' evvoio.? , ecnrevScv
i>7rep/3a\[email protected]' /cat irpoe\6(^v dTnjvTTjaev avrw,
Kal $eia)O-d/j,evos a><? evr/v Trpodv^ora

<f>wvfj Mdyvov rj&TrdcraTO, Kal TOI)?

5 OI/TW? Ke\6U(r 7r pocrayopevo-ai. cryjAawei 8e TOV

o Ma^^o?. erepoi &e fyaaiv ev AijSvy
vafytovrjiJia rovro TOV arparov Travrb?
, Kpdros Be \aftelv Kal ^vva^iv VTTO
/3e/3ai(i)dei>. avrbs /jtevToi TrdvTwv vara-
TO? Kal /jLerd TTO\UV %povov et? 'Ifirjplav dv6v~
Traro? e'/C7re//.0^el? eVl ^eprcopiov ijp^aro ypd(f>iv
eavrbv ev rat? e7rt<TToXat? Kal rot9 Biardy/j.aa-1

MdjVOV HofjLTTtfioV' OVK6TI jdp Y]V 7Ti(f)OoVOl>



6 "Odev et/coTO)? dyacrde'ni Kal Qav^daeiev av



OL T4? TOLaVTaiS 7Tl-



Kal Trpocrwvv/jLiats ov ra?
Kal aTpariwriKas KaropOwcrcis IJLOVOV,
d\\d Kal ra? TroXiTt/ca? 7rpdj;i<t Kal dperd^
Bvo yovi> Ma^t/iOf?, oirep earl p,e-
njyopevffev 6 Brjfjios' Qva\\epiov p,i'
eirl TO) Sta\\dai cnaGid^ovaav avrw TIJV avy-

146



POMPEY, xni. 2-7
with an oath that lie would kill himself if they

J

used force with him, and even then they would
liardlv stop.

Sulla's first tidings of the affair were that Pompey
was in revolt, and he told his friends that it was
evidently his fate, now that lie was an old man, to
have his contests with boys. This he said because
Marius also, who was quite a young man, had given
him very great trouble and involved him in the most
extreme perils. But when he learned the truth,
and perceived that everybody was sallying forth to
welcome Pompey and accompany him home with
marks of goodwill, he was eager to outdo them. So
he went out and met him, and after giving him the
warmest welcome, saluted him in a loud voice as
"Magnus," or The Great, and ordered those who were
by to give him this surname. Others, how r ever, say
that this title was first given him in Africa by the
whole army, but received authority and weight when
thus confirmed by Sulla. Pompey himself, however,
was last of all to use it, and it was only after a long
time, when he was sent as pro-consul to Spain against
Sertorius, that he began to subscribe himself in his
letters and ordinances " Pompeius Magnus " ; for the
name had become familiar and was no longer in-
vidious.

And herein we may fittingly respect and admire
the ancient Romans ; they did not bestow such titles
and surnames as a reward for successes in war and
military command alone, but also adorned with them
the high qualities and achievements of their states-
men. At any rate, in two such cases the people
bestowed the title of " Maximus," which signifies
the Greatest : upon Valerius, for reconciling them with
the senate when it w-as at variance with them ; l and
1 After the famous secession of the plebs, in 494 B.C.

M7



PLUTARCH'S LIVES

K\r)rov, <&d(3iov Be 'PovXXov, on TrXoucrtof? nvds

a7re\ev6epa)V yeyovoras teal

rrjv o~vyK\r)rov e%efta\.ev.
XIV. 'E/c rovrov dpiafji^ov yrei
dvre\ey6 Be SuXXa?. inrdrw jap rj arparijya)
[Lovov, aXX&> ^e ovSevl bibwaiv o ^oyu,o?. Bio /cal

6 7T/9WT09 ttTTO fJLei^OVWV KOI KpeiTTOVWV

ev 'Ifiiypia K.ap%r]Bovia)v Kpartjaas OVK
OpLafJiftov vTraro? yap OVK i]v ovBe arpa-
el Be IIoLCTrio? ovirw TTCIVV



t]\LKiav ou

eaecrOat, KOI rrjv dp%t)V eavry KCU rrjv
e/ceiVfo. ravra TT/JO? HO/JLTTIJIOV o SuAAa? e'Xeyev,
ft>? ov/c edtfayv, d\\a eva-Tyja'o/u.evos avra) /cal
KwXvawv TO <$>i\6veiKOV dTreiOovvros.

3 'O Be IIoyu,7r7;to9 oi>% VTT 7m]j;v ', aX\' evvoelv
Ke\evo~ TOP 2,v\\av on TOV ijXiov dvareXXovra
7r\eioi>6s rj Bvopevov Trpocr/cvvovcriv, a>? avry fjLev 620
av^avo/jievr)?, fj,eiov /jievrjs Be teal

etceivy TTJS Bvvd/Aecos. ravra 6 Si^XXa? OVK a
/3w? e^aKOvcras, opwv Be TOU? dxovcravras diro
rov irpocroirrov /cal rov (T^rj/jLarof ev Bav/Jiari
TTOiov/jievovs, rjpero ri TO \%0ev elr). rcvOo^evo^
Be Kal Kara7r\ayei<$ rov TLo/jiTnjiov rr]V ro\fjLav

4 dve/36r)o~e Bis e^e^rjs, " pia/jL/36vo~dra)" TroXXw^
Be Bva"%epaiv6vra)v Kal dyavaKTOvvrwv, en yttdX-
\ov avrovs, w? ^>acrt, ^ov\6^evos dviav 6 HOJJL-

Grre-^eipricrev ekefydvrwv ap^an rerrdpwv
a? elae\avvew ijyaye ydp eK Aifivrjs

148



POMPEY, xin. 7-xiv. 4

upon Fabius Rullus, 1 because he expelled from the
senate certain descendants of freedmen who had
been enrolled in it on account of their wealth.

XIV. After this, Pompey asked for a triumph, but
Sulla opposed his request. The law, he said, per-
mitted only a consul or a praetor to celebrate a
triumph, but no one else. Therefore the first Scipio,
after conquering the Carthaginians in Spain in far
greater conflicts, did not ask for a triumph ; for he
was not consul, nor even praetor. And if Pompey,
who had scarcely grown a beard as yet, and who was
too young to be a senator, should ride into the city
in a triumph, it would not only make Sulla's govern-
ment altogether odious, but also Pompey' s honour.
This was what Sulla said to Pompey, declaring that
he would not allow his request, but would oppose
him and thwart his ambition if he refused to listen
to him.

Pompey, however, was not cowed, but bade Sulla
reflect that more worshipped the rising than the
setting sun, intimating that his own power was on
the increase, while that of Sulla was on the wane
and fading away. Sulla did not hear the words
distinctly, but seeing, from their looks and gestures,
that those who did hear them were amazed, he
asked what it was that had been said. When ho
learned what it was, he was astounded at the bold-
ness of Pompey, and cried out twice in succession :
" Let him triumph ! ' Further, when many showed
displeasure and indignation at his project, Pompey,
we are told, was all the more desirous of annovmii'

* /

them, and tried to ride into the city on a chariot
drawn by four elephants ; for he had brought many

1 Cf. the Fab in* <}faximtt.-, \. 2. It was in the capacity of
censor, 301 B.C., that Rullus thus purified the senate.

149

VOL. V F



PLUTARCH'S LIVES

rwxyovs cu^/>taXcoTOL>? f dXXa rr}? Trv
ovcn]s ajrearr) /ecu /jLerr/XOev eVt TOVS

eVet <k ; OL O"T paTi&Tai /U.7/ TV)(6vT<i

TTpocreSoterjcrav eVo^Xetf ejSovXovro teal
Oopvftelv, ov&ev e$r; typovri^eiv, a\\a H,CL\\OV



TOV aji{3oi> r KO\aKva6iv etceivovs.



ore Sr) teal SeyOOftXto?, dvrjp eVt^ay^? teal
OZ^ 6piaij,(Bov eVara? roO IIo

//,7r^io^ opa^ :at p.e'yav a\^0w^ teal
6 a^uov TOV Opid/jiftov. SrjXov 8' ea-rlv on xai
av eQeXijcras Tore pqSlax; erv^ev, aXX'
acrev, co? \yov(Ti, TO ev&oj;oi' etc rov
0r)pd)/jivos. ov yap i]v Oav^acrrov el
Trpo r]\ifcias eftovXeue Ylo/jL7njios, aXX' vTrepXafj,-

TTpOV OTL fjLl]&7T(i) ffovXeVGOV 0pldfJi^6V. TOVTO

8e avrw /cat Trpo? tvvoiav vTrfjp^e TWV
ov /jiiKpov e^atpe yap o Sfj/jLO? ai/rro yttera

/3oi> ev TOi? ITTTriKois %Ta%O/A6VM.

XV. SuXXa? 8e r]vLOLTO IJLV opwv et
86^7;? TTpoeiGi teal ovvd/jiews, alcr^vvofjievos Be
K.w\veiv i](Tv^iav rjye' TrXijv, ore (3ia teal
avrov AeTTibov et? uTrarelav tearec-T^ffe,
aipeaidaas teal rbv ofj/Jiov evvoia rfj irpos eavrbv
eKelvw cTTrovSa^ovra Trapaa-^cov, Oeaadjjiei'os avTov
tnriovTa yuera TrXry^of? 01* dyopas 6 SuXXa?,
2 " 'Opw <76," elirev, " d> veavia, ^aipovra rfj v'iK.r)'
7TW? yap ov^l yevvala ravra teal /caXci, KarXou
rov Trdi'Twv dpiarov XGTTL^OV TOV Trdvrwv KU-



150



POMPEY, xiv. 4-xv. 2

from Africa which he had captured from its kings.
But the gate of the city was too narrow, and he
therefore gave up the attempt and changed over to
his horses. Moreover, when his soldiers, who had
riot got as much as they expected, were inclined to
raise a tumult and impede the triumph, he said he
did not care at all, but would rather give up his
triumph than truckle to them. Then Servilius, a
man of distinction, and one who had been most
opposed to Pompey's triumph, said he now saw that
Pompey was really great, and worthy of the honour.
And it is clear that he might also have been easily
made a senator at that time, had he wished it ; but
he was not eager for this, as they say, since he was
in the chase for reputation of a surprising sort. And
indeed it would have been nothing wonderful for
Pompey to be a senator before he was of age for it ;
but it was a dazzling honour for him to celebrate a
triumph before he was a senator. And this con-
tributed not a little to win him the favour of the
multitude ; for the people were delighted to have
him still classed among the knights after a triumph.
XV. Sulla, however, was annoyed at seeing to what
a height of reputation and power Pompey was advanc-
ing, but being ashamed to obstruct his career, he kept
quiet. Only, when in spite of him and against his
wishes Pompey made Lepidus consul, 1 by canvassing
for him and making the people zealously support
him through their goodwill towards himself, seeing
Pompey going off through the forum with a throng,
Sulla said : " I see, young man, that you rejoice in
your victory ; and surely it was a generous and noble
thing for Lepidus, the worst of men, to be pro-
claimed consul by a larger vote than Catulus, the

1 In 70 B.O.



PLUTARCH'S LIVES



TfpoTepov vrraTov, crov TOV
OVTW TrapacrKevdcravTos; wpa jJLevr&i crot
i) KdQevoeiv, aXXa irpoo~e*)(eiv rot? irpdyfjuaffiv
lo")(ypoTepov yap TOV dvTaya)vio~Trjv aeavTco Kare-
cr /ceva /m?." 1 eSijXcocre 8e fJiaXicrra SuXXa? on
7T/3O? TlofjiTTtjiov ovK evpevws el^e rat? SiaO/jKai^
3 09 eypatyev. ere/ao/9 jap 0tXoi? Swpea? CLTTO-
\LTTWV, KOI TOV 7rat8o? aTroSet^a? eTriTpoTrovs, TOV
oXft)? TrapijXOev. rjveyKe /JLCVTOI TOVTO



TTCLVV Kd



oov KCLI TIVWV a\\wv evKTTa/Aevow /J,rj Tatfrrjvai TOV
veKpov ev Tft) rreolff), /z^ Brj^ocria Tr^v ercfyopav
r)a ai KOI



KOL



XVI. 'Evret 5e TCL^U TOV ^v\\a T\evTijcravTos



et? ^>w? Traprjei TO, fiiavTevjAaTa, KCLI



eavTov et? rr/z^ eiceivov Svvafiiv ov KVK\W
rrepilwv ovoe yuera cr^'^aTO?, aXXa evdvs ev rot?
OTrXot? >}/', ra TraXat VOGOVVTCL KOI Bia(f)vyovTa
TOV ^v\\av v7ro\ifA/jiaTa TWV o~Tiicrewv
avctKLvwv KOL 7Tepi/3aX\,6/j.Vos, 6
avTOV KarXo?, w TO xaOapov real vyialvov



\io~Ta T/}? /SouX?}? Kal TOV Bijfjiov TrpoaeL^ev, rjv



ev itofJ-ct'Ti (Taxpoa'vviis KOL

2 fJLeyKTTOS TO)V TOT6 ' P (0 /jLdlWV , e&OKl

rjye/JLOVias /jLd\\ov i] <TTpaTi,u>Ti/crj(; OiKelos elvat,

TCt)V TTpay/jLaTWV aVTMV TToOoVVTWV TOV TloftTTIJlOV

ov 8L^\\aev OTTTJ TpaTnjTai, rrpoaOel^ Se rot?



eavTOV -



TOV



KOI TTJV eVro? " AXtrewv TaXaTiav

Bid RpOVTOV (TTpaTVfjLaTl.

1 Ka.TfcrKfva.Kas with Bekker and S :



POMPEY. XV. 2-XVT. 2

best of men, because you influenced the people to
take tliis course. Now, however, it is time for you
to be wide awake and watchful of your interests;
you have made your adversary stronger than your-
self." But Sulla showed most clearly that he was not
well-disposed to Pompey by the will which he wrote.
For whereas he bequeathed gifts to other friends,
and made some of them guardians of his son, he
omitted all mention of Pompey. And yet Pompey
bore this with great composure, and loyally, inso-
much that when Lepidus and sundry others tried to
prevent the body of Sulla from being buried in the
Campus Martins, or even from receiving public burial
honours, he came to the rescue, and gave to the
interment alike honour and security. 1

XVI. Soon after the death of Sulla, 2 his prophecies
were fulfilled, and Lepidus tried to assume Sulla's
powers. He took no circuitous route and used no
pretence, but appeared at once in arms, stirring up
anew and gathering about himself the remnants of
faction, long enfeebled, which had escaped the hand
of Sulla. His colleague, Catulus, to whom the in-
corrupt and sounder element in the senate and people
attached themselves, was the greatest Roman of the
time in the estimate set upon his wisdom and justice,
but was thought better adapted for political than
military leadership. The situation itself, therefore
demanded Pompey, who was not long in deciding
what course to take. He took the side of the nobility,
and was appointed commander of an army against
Lepidus, who had already stirred up a large part of
Italy and was employing Brutus to hold Cisalpine
Gaul with an army.

1 Cf. the Sulla, chapter xxxviii.
3 78 B.C.

153



PLUTARCH'S LIVES

3 TMV fjuev ovv a\\0)v etcpdrrjcre paoiays e7re\0a)v 627
o Ylo/jiirrjios' ev 8e ^Aovrivrj TTJS FaXa-ua? dvre-
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67ri Tr)v 'Poj/jirjv pvels teal irpO(JKaBi]p,evos e^wdev
virareLav rjrei Sevrepav, o'^Xw TTO\\W &$LTTO-

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Trapa YlofjiTrrjtov /co/zta Qeicra KaTwpdw KOTOS avev
yu.a^?79 rot/ 7r6\/jLov. 6 yap Bpovros, cure ?rapa -
Sou? TYJV ^vva/Jiiv avros, eire 7rpo$o6els



fceivr)s, eve^eptcre TW of^frijia) TO



KOI a/coi/ t7T7ret9

el<f TToXi^l'lOV Tl TWV TTCpl TOV TloBoV, OTTOV

TOV



5 7T7JLOV Te/jiivwv, dvype6r)' real



TOVTOV Ho/jLTTijios aiTiav. yeypaws jap



avT(p TrpoaOoiTO BpOL/ro?, ere/oa?

TOV

' TOVTOV Bpouro? i]v vios o Kat-
aapa crvv Kacrcr/w KTeivas, dvrjp o/zotoo? TO> jraTpl
fjLiJTe 7roX6yL6?;<Ta9 /Ar;Te ciTToOavtov, CDS ev TOLS Trepl
6 KGivov yeypaTTTai. AeTTt^o? ytie^ otz>
ayv TIJS 'IraXta? aTreTrepaaev els ^.
voaijcras eVeXeuT^cre Si' dOv/jLiav, ov TWV
, a>s fyacrLV, d\\a ypa/jL/jLaTLM nrepi-
Trecrcov e ov fiOL^eLav Tiva TIJS yvvaucos e^copacre.
XVII. AeTTi&a) Be ovSev opoios

^epTcopios errrjwpelTO



(f>o/3ep6s, wcrTrep eV eV^aro// 1 vocrrf/jta TWV e/JL-
<pv\iwv Tro\eiJiwv els TOVTOV TOV civSpa avvep-
pvrj/coToyv, TTO\\OVS ^ev 7/677 TWV eXaTTovwv crTpa-



Stephanas, Corals, and S : effx- rov -
154



POMPEY, xvi. 3-xvn. i

Other opponents against whom Pompey came were
easily mastered by him, but at Mutina, in Gaul, he
lay a long while besieging Brutus. Meanwhile,
Lepidus had made a hasty rush upon Rome, and
sitting down before it, was demanding a second con-
sulship, and terrifying the citizens with avast throng
of followers. But their fear was dissipated by a
letter brought from Pompey, announcing that he
had brought the war to a close without a battle.
For Brutus, whether he himself betrayed his army,
or whether his army changed sides and betrayed
him, put himself in the hands of Pompey, and
receiving an escort of horsemen, retired to a little
town upon the Po. Here, after a single day had
passed, he was slain by Gemimus, who was sent by
Pompey to do the deed. And Pompey was much
blamed for this. For as soon as the army of Brutus
changed sides, he wrote to the senate that Brutus
had surrendered to him of his own accord ; then he
sent another letter denouncing the man after he had
been put to death. The Brutus who, with Cassius,
killed Caesar, was a son of this Brutus, a man who
was like his father neither in his wars nor in his
death, as is written in his Life. As for Lepidus,
moreover, as soon as he was expelled from Italy, he
made his way over to Sardinia. There he fell sick
and died of despondency, which was due, as we are



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