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the initiative, clasped his hand and greeted him, and
then said : " I think I do nothing ignoble or mean,
my fellow-citizens, in yielding first to Pompey, whom
you were pleased to call Magnus when he was still
beardless, and to whom you decreed two triumphs
before he was a senator." Upon this, they were
reconciled, and afterwards laid down their office. 1

1 Cf. the Crassus, xii. 3 f.

171



PLUTARCH'S LIVES



3 Kal Kpdffcros fte/' ovirep e dp^fj? e'lXero
rpotrov rov (3iov Bie<f)v\arre, TIofjiTnjios Be rd<?
re TroXXa? dveBvero crvvrjyopias /ecu rrjv dyopdv
Kara fjLLKpov drre\eirre KOI rrporjei crrraviws els TO
B^fMoaiov, del Be yu-era TrXijOovs. ov yap rjv en
pa&iov fl^Xou %w/3t? GVTV\eli> ovS 1 Ibelv CLVTOV,

6/jiov TroXXot? Kal ddpoois e^alvero,
7repi^a\\6fjLevo^ eic TOVTOV rfj otyei
xal OJKOV, rat? Be TWV 7ro\\wv evrev^e&i Kal
crvv^deiai^ aOiKrov ol6/jLevo<? Be2v TO a^tw^a Bia-

4 rrjpelv. 6 yap ev l/jLarLw /Sto? e



la-orrjra BrjfioriKrjv acfv^^Tpoi^' avrol
yap Kal evravOa TrpWTeveiv, co? e/cet, BiKaiovcri,
Tot? Se e:e? ^)6/3Oyue^ot9 eKarrov evravOa yovv
f.ii] TT\eov e%eiv OVK dveKrov earn. Bio rov ev
(TTpaTOTreBois Kal 0pid/j,/3oi$ \a/j,7rpov, orav ev
dyopa \d/3d)criv, virb yeipa iroiovvrat, Kal Kara-
/3dX\ovo-L, ro) Be d7ro\eyop.evw Kal vTro^wpovvTi
rfv eK6L Ti/jirjv Kal Bvvauiv dveTrl$>6ovovfyv\d'T'TOV-
eS?;Xft)cre Be avra ra Trpdyp.aTa ^LGT' oXiyov



XXIV. 'H yap TreipariK?} Bvi'auis u>pfjLij0rj
K KtX/ACta? TO Trpwrov, dpxtjv Trapd{3o\ov \a-
ftovcra Kal \av6dvovaav, <fypovr]n,a Be Kal roX/uav
ecr^ev ev TW M.idpiBariK& TroXeyttft), ^pyjaaaa rat?
2 /3aai\iKals VTrrjpeaiais eavrrjv. elra 'Pay^iaiwv 631

ev TOt?



ovcra <f>povpa<$ 7;
Kara (j.iKpov avrovs e^eiXKero Kal irporjyev,

172



POMPKV. AMU. vx.viv. 2

Now, C'rassus continued the manner of life which
he had chosen at the outset; but Pompey ceased
his frequent appearances as an advocate, gradually
forsook the forum, rarely shewed himself in public,
and when he did, it was always with a retinue ot
followers. In fact, it was no longer easy to meet
him or even to see him without a throng around
him, but he took the greatest pleasure in making
his appearance attended by large crowds, encom-
passing his presence thus with majesty and pomp,
and thinking that he must keep his dignity free
from contact and familiar association with the multi-
tude. For life in the robes of peace has a dangerous
tendency to diminish the reputation of those whom
war has made great and ill suited for democratic
equality. Such men claim that precedence in the
city also which they have in the field, while those
who achieve less distinction in the field feel it to be
intolerable if in the city at any rate they have no
advantage. Therefore when the people find a man
active in the forum who has shone in camps and
triumphs, they depress and humiliate him, but when
he renounces and withdraws from such activity, they
leave his military reputation and power untouched
by their envy. How true this is, events themselves
soon showed.

XXIV. The power of the pirates had its seat in
Cilicia at first, and at the outset it was venturesome
and elusive ; but it took on confidence and boldness
during the Mithridatic war, 1 because it lent itself to
the king's service. Then, while the Romans were
embroiled in civil wars at the gates of Rome, the
sea was left unguarded, and gradually drew and
enticed them on until they no longer attacked navi-

1 88-85, 83-81, 74 B.C.

173



PLUTARCH'S LIVES

Tr\eovcri {JLOVOV eTriTiOe/j-evovs, dXXa
Kal vtjcrovs KCU TroXet? TrapaXiou? eKKOTTTOVTas.
YI^TI Be Kal xpij/jLaai BvvaTol Kal yeveo~i \afj,7rpol
Kal TO l cfrpoveiv dt;iov/uvoi Biacfrepeiv avBpes
eveftcuvop et? ra \yarpiKa Kal fjLerel^ov, a>9 KOL
S6av TIVCL Kal <pi\oTi/jLiav TOV epyov

3 r)V Be Kal vavcnaO jjia TroXXa^oOt TreipariKa
(f)pvKTO)pia Terei^iO'^e.va, KOI crroXot Trpooreirnrrov
ov 7r\rjpco/jLdrcov fjiovov evavopiais ov$

ovBe Tureen, veaiv Kal Ko

TT/JO? TO ouKelov epyov, a\\a TOV

avrcov TO
, aTV\icn %pva

aiv d\oupyols Kal Trkdrais eTrapyvpois, wcncep
evrpvfytoVTwv rw KaKovpyelv Kal KaX\a>7ri%o/j,6vcov.

4 av\ol Be Kal 'v/raX/xot Kal fjLeOai Trapd iraa-av

Kal (JWfJLaTwv r)<y/j.oviK(t)v dpjrayal Kal
al^fJidXwTwv aTroXfT/acocrei? o
( Pto/jLai(ov rjye^ovia^. eyevovro & ovv at
VTrep ^iXia?, al Be c'tkovaai

5 i r '7r' avrwv rerpaKocriai. T&V Be dcrv\wv Kal
dftaTwv TTporepov lep&v e^eKo^rav eVioi/Te? TO
l\.\dpiov, TO AiBv/j,aiov, TO ZajAoOpaKLOv, TOV ev
r \Lp[jiLovr) TT}? X^oi^ta? veutv Kal TOV ev 'E7Ti8au/3&)
TOI) 'A<TK\r)Triov Kal TOV ^\aQ^o1 Kal Taivdpq) Kal
\\a\avpia TOV TLocreiBwvos, TOV Be 'ATroXXw^o?
TO^ ev 'A/CTtft) Kal AevKaBt, TT}? Be f/ Hyoa? TOZ^ ev
Sa/^co, Toy ev "Apyei, TOV eVl AaKiviy. evas Be
Ovaias eOvov avTol Ta? ev 'OX^Trco, Kal TeXeTa?

dTTOppl'jTOVS Te\OVV, O)V 1] TOV Mt^OU Kal

Bevpo Siao~ci}eTai
VTT' eKeivwv.

1 TO Sintenis, M'ith SsA ; Bekker, with inferior MSS.,
174



POMPEY, xxiv. 2-5

gators only, but also laid waste islands and maritime
cities. And presently men whose wealth gave them
power, and those whose lineage was illustrious, and
those who laid claim to superior intelligence, began
to embark on piratical craft and share their enter-
prises, feeling that the occupation brought them a
certain reputation and distinction. There were also
fortified roadsteads and signal -stations for piratical
craft in many places, and fleets put in here which
were not merely furnished for their peculiar work
with sturdy crews, skilful pilots, and light and
speedy ships ; nay, more annoying than the fear
which they inspired was the odious extravagance of
their equipment, with their gilded sails, and purple
awnings, and silvered oars, as if they rioted in their
iniquity and plumed themselves upon it. Their
flutes and stringed instruments and drinking bouts
along every coast, their seizures of persons in high
command, and their ransomings of captured cities,
were a disgrace to the Roman supremacy. For, you
see, the ships of the pirates numbered more than a
thousand, and the cities captured by them four
hundred. Besides, they attacked and plundered
places of refuge and sanctuaries hitherto inviolate,
such as those of Claros, Didyma, and Samothface ;
the temple of Chthonian Earth at Hermione ; that
of Asclepius in Epidaurus ; those of Poseidon at
the Isthmus, at Taenarum, and at Calauria ; those of
Apollo at Actium and Leucas ; and those of Hera at
Samos, at Argos, and at Lacinium. They also
offered strange sacrifices of their own at Olympus, 1
and celebrated there certain secret rites, among
which those of Mithras continue to the present time,
having been first instituted by them.

1 A town in southern Asia Minor, one of the strongholds
of the pirates.

'75



PLUTARCH'S LIVES



6 [[\elcrra 5e r Po>/iuo&9 evvftpiGawres, en, teat
rd<; 6801)? avrwv dva/Baivovres diro



tjpTracrav Be 7TOT6 Kal aTpaTrjyovs Bvo ^
teal BeXXa'cw eV Tat? irepiTroptpvpois, /cat rou?
t'7T?7/36Ta? aytta /tal pafiSofiopovs CO^OVTO crvv
auTot? e/ceivots e^o^re?. ^Xa) Se al Owyd-
rrjp ' PUJTWVIOV, 0pia/j,{3iKOv dvbpos, et? dypbv



7 etcelvo & 'ri> vftiaTiKCtiTarov. OTTOTC



co? dvaftoijcreie 'Pwyaato? elrat ral rovvo^a

eK7re7r\^^0at Trpoo-Trotov/jievoi KOI
vai TOV? re /j,7jpovs eiraioyr.o Kal

avyyvaifirjv G^ew dvTi/3o\ovvTS' 6 Be
o Taireivovs opwv Kal Seo/Aei/ou?. eV TOU-
TOU 8e ot yLtev VTreBovv rot? *raX/aoj9 avrov, ol Se
Trjftevvov r jrepie(Ba\\ov ) eo? S^ yLt?) 7rd\iv ayvorjOei'r).
8 TroXw Se %povov ovrco KaTeipwvevdd^voi Kal
d7ro\av(ravT6S rov dv9pu)7rov, reXo? eV /xecrw vre-
i K\i/jiaKa TrpoaftdXovTes eKe\evov e/cfSaiveiy
dirievai, %aipovra, rov & ^17 jSovXojjievov

avrol Kare$voi>.
XXV. 'E-Treya/xaTO 8e ?; Svva/j,is avTif iracrav
6/uiov Ti rrjv KaO" rj/uLas 9d\aacrav, ware a7r\ovv
Kal afiarov efiTropia Trdcrr) <yeve(T0ai. rovro Brj
fjbd\i(TTa 'Pwyaatof? eVecrTpe'v/re, 6\i(Sofjievovs rfj
dyopa Kal cnrdviv fj,yd\r)v Trpo
irefji'^rai Ho/nTT^lov dtyatprjcro/jievov TWV
2 Trjv OdKacraav. eypa^re Se Ta/SivLO^, t?
TIofjiTrrjLov avv)]6u>v, VO/JLOV ov vavap%lav, ci
Be /JLOvapxiav avrw Si&ovra Kal Svvajitv ejrl
dvO p&Trovs avwrrevOvvov. eBiBov yap



176



POMPEY, xxiv. 6-xxv. 2

But they heaped most insults upon the Romans,
even going up from the sea along their roads and
plundering there, and sacking the neighbouring
villas. Once, too, they seized two praetors, Sex-
tilius and Bellinus, in their purple-edged robes, and
carried them away, together with their attendants
and lictors. They also captured a daughter ot
Antonius, a man who had celebrated a triumph, as
she was going into the country, and exacted a large
ransom for her. But their crowning insolence was
this. Whenever a captive cried out that he was
a Roman and gave his name, they would pretend to
be frightened out of their senses, and w r ould smite
their thighs, and fall down before him entreating
him to pardon them ; and he would be convinced of
their sincerity, seeing them so humbly suppliant.
Then some would put Roman boots on his feet, and
others would throw a toga round him, in order,
forsooth, that there might be no mistake about him
again. And after thus mocking the man for a long
time and getting their fill of amusement from him,
at last they would let down a ladder in mid ocean
and bid him disembark and go on his way rejoicing ;
and if he did not wish to go, they would push him
overboard themselves and drown him.

XXV. This power extended its operations over
the whole of our Mediterranean Sea, making it un-
navigable and closed to all commerce. This was
what most of all inclined the Romans, who were
hard put to it to get provisions and expected a great
scarcity, to send out Pompey with a commission to
take the sea away from the pirates. Gabinius, one
of Pompey's intimates, drew up a law which gave
him, not an admiralty, but an out-and-out monarchy
and irresponsible power over all men. For the law

177



PLUTARCH'S LIVES



o ro/xo? avry TT? ei/ro?
^aXacrcr?;?, rjrreipov Be Tra'cr?;? eVt <TTO,-
TTpaKO(Tiov<$ diro 0a\dcrcrr]$. rovro Be ov
Tfdvv rro\\d %a>pia rr)? VTTO 'Pa>[J.ai(t>v
TO /jilrpov e^e<pvyei>, a\\a ra fjueyicrra TWV e
/col TWV fBacn\e(i)v ol SwarcoTaToi TT 6 pie\a/ji (Ba-
li vovro. 7T/909 Be TouTOi? e\e<j6ai 7reinetcai$eKa G32
a9 avrov e/c {3ov\r)s ejrl ra? Kara



etc



/jLtL(i)V Kol Trapa TWV reXcovoov ocra /3ov\,oiTO
7^au9 Bia/cocrias, Kvpiov ovra 7r\[email protected]$ KOI fcara-
\6you (TrpaTids Kal Tr^pw/jLaTayp epeTiKwv.

'Avayvcoo-OevTayv Be TOVTWV 6 [lev Stj/jLO^ vjrep-
<f)vws eBe^aro, T?)? Be CTVJK\IJTOV rot? yue'yt'crTOi?
teal BwarwrdroLs eBo^e fiei^ov fiev fyOovov, <p6/3ov
Be d^Lov elvai TO T/}? e^ovaia^ cnrepiKriinov fcal

4 dopi&TOV. O06V evicrTaino TO> vdfico, 7r\i]v Kat-
crapo?' OUTO? Be cruvrjyopet, TO> vb/JiU), HO/JLTTIJIOV

eXa%icrTa (frpovri^tov, vTroBuo/jievos Be TOV
v e% dp%f)<; eavrta real Krwfjievos. ol Be aXXot
TOV TLofjiTrrjiov a(f)oBpa)s Ka0i]7rTOVTO. teal TWV
vrraTcov aT6po?, eliToyv TT^O? avTOV OTI 'Pw-
%TI\WV ov cf)eveTai TCIVTOV e/ceivip reXo?,
fKii'Bvvevaev VTTO TOV TrX^of? 8ia<f>0apr)vai'

5 KarXou Be KCLTO, TOV vbfjiov TrpO(re\66inos, Tro\\r)v
fjiev alBov/jLevos 6 Btj/j.os i]Gvyiav TT a pel\ev , eVet
Be TroXXa fjLeTa rt/u% dveTrifyOovtos vrrep TOV



T) rrpo/3d\\eiv TOIOVTQV dvBpa KIV^VVOLS eiraX-
1/8



POMPEY, xxv. 2-5

gave him dominion over the sea this side of the
pillars of Hercules, and over all the mainland to the
distance of four hundred furlongs from the sea.
These limits included almost all places in the Roman
world, and the greatest nations and most powerful
kings were comprised within them. Besides this, he
was empowered to choose fifteen legates from the
senate for the several principalities, and to take from
the public treasuries and the tax-collectors as much
money as he wished, and to have two hundred ships,
with full power over the number and levying of
soldiers and oarsmen.

When these provisions of the law r were read in
the assembly, 1 the people received them with
excessive pleasure, but the chief and most influential
men of the senate thought that such unlimited and
absolute power, while it was beyond the reach of
envv, was yet a thing to be feared. Therefore they
all opposed the law, with the exception of Caesar ;
he advocated the law, not because he cared in the
least for Pompey, but because from the outset he
sought to ingratiate himself with the people and
win their support. The rest vehemently attacked
Pompey. And when one of the consuls told him
that if he emulated Romulus he would not escape the
fate of Romulus, 2 he was near being torn in pieces
by the multitude. Moreover, when Catulus came
forward to speak against the law the people had
regard enough for him to be quiet for some time :
but after he had spoken at length in Pompey 's
praise and without any disparagement of him, and
then counselled the people to spare such a man and

1 In 67 B.C., Pompey being then thirty-nine year.s old.

2 That is, he would be mysteriously put out of the way.
Gf. the Romulus, chapter xxvii.

179



PLUTARCH'S LIVES



KOI



d\\ov, av a7ro\e<njre TOVTOV; ' e'tf
6 vTre^wvrjarav avravre?, " Se avrov." o juev ovv
KarXo?, a>9 ou/c eireiOev, aTrearrj' 'PcocrKiov Be
7rpo(T\66vTO<; ovbels rj/covGev 6 Se rot? SaKTii\ois
e yu-r) /JLOVOP, a\\a Sevrepov aipelcrOai
rjiov. eVt TOVTW \ejerai Sua^epdvavra
TOV bfj/jiov TijXiKOvrov avatcpayelv wcrre virepireTo-
/JLCVOV KopcLKa T^ CL^/opo.? TV<po)0r)vai KOI Kcna-
1 ireo-elv et? TOV 6-)(\ov. oOev ov Sorcel pi'i^ei TOV



KOI



evo\ia6aiveiv TO, TTiTCTOvra TWV opvewv, a\Xa
TVTTTOfJieva TTJ 7T\T]yjj TT}? (^wvff^, OTCLV ev
aepi ad\ov KOI Kv/ma 7TOii](Trj TTO\\IJ real l



XXVI. Tore (JLZV ovv SieKv&qcraw fj Be rfftepa

rjV tyfj^OV 7TOi(TlV jAe\\OV, VTTG^^XOeV IIoyLfc-

7T7;io? et? ajpov. aKovaas Be KeicvpwcrOai TOV
vo/jiov el(rri\0e VVKTWP et? TIJV 7ro\iv, w

VOV T79 7T009 CLVTOV (l7TaVT1OM^ KOI



a/jia Be rj/jiepa 7rpoe\0wv e0v<r' teal
6KK\i]a-ias avTW, Biejrpd^aTo Trpoa-
\a(3eiv etepa TroXXa rot? e^?;</)tcr/.fe
2 jjbifcpov BiTrXaa-idaas Trjv irapaaKevijv.
KOGiai fJLev jap avTW vfjes eTrXiipootfijcr
TWV Be /jivpidBes BwBeKa KOI irevTa
J)0poi,cr0r)a-av. rjye/Aovi/col Be teal
KaT\ey^aav CITTO /3ov\rj<; dvSpe? eltco-
aiTecrcrapes VTT' avTov, Bvo Be rapiai Traptjaav.
ai Be Tt,/jLal TWV ooviayv evflv? Treaovaai \6yov

180



POMPF.Y, xxv. 5-xxvi. 2

not expose him to successive wars and perils, asking,
" Whom else will you have if you lose him ? " all
with one accord replied, "Thyself." Catulus,
accordingly, since he could not persuade them,
retired ; but when Roscius came forward to speak,
no one would listen to him. lie therefore made
signs with his fingers that they should not choose
Pompey alone to this command, but give him a
colleague. At this, we are told, the people were
incensed and gave forth such a shout that a raven
flying over the forum was stunned by it and fell
down into the throng. From this it appears that
such falling of birds is not due to a rupture and
division of the air wherein a great vacuum is pro-
duced, but that they are struck by the blow of the
voice, which raises a surge and billow in the air
when it is borne aloft loud and strong.

XXVI. For the time being, then, the assemblv
was dissolved ; but when the day came for the vote
upon the law, Pompey withdrew privately into the
country. On hearing, however, that the law had
been passed, he entered the city by night, feeling
that he was sure to awaken envy if the people
thronged to meet him. But when day came, he
appeared in public and offered sacrifice, and at an
assembly held for him he managed to get many
other things besides those already voted, and almost
doubled his armament. For five hundred ships were
manned for him, and a hundred and twenty thou-
sand men-at-arms and five thousand horsemen were
raised. Twenty-four men who had held command
or served as praetors were chosen from the senate
by him, and he had two quaestors. And since the
prices of provisions immediately fell, the people



181

VOL. V G



PLUTARCH'S LIVES



i)Sofjii>(t) TW cjt'iiJLto irapfl-^ov, ft>9 avro TOUVO/JO, TOV
TLo/ATrrjiov \e\v/ce TOV rroXe/jiov.

3 Ov fjirjv d\\d Si6\(t)V Ta rre\dyrj /cal TO Bid-
(TT^/na TT)? eWo9 OaXdcrcnj^ et9 /^e/)?; r

teal ve&v apiO/jiov e$> eKacnw KOI ap-^ovra r
a/j,a iravraj^ov rfj &vvdp.ei a'Ke&aa'Oeicrr) rd
efATTiTTTOVTa TWV TreipaTiKWv dOpoa TTpi\ap,/3di>a)v
GV&VS e^edrjpaTO /cal tcaTtjyev ol Se (pft
^LaXvOipai real SieKjrecrovTes coaTrep 6/9
e&vovro Travra^oOev Kara(f)po/nvot, rrjv
(>' 01)9 atT09 eVreXXero vavs ^(ov e^

4 dpicrras. ov firjv irporepov eV efceivovs

r) Travrdrrao'i KaOfjpai TMV avrodt






TO Tvpprjvi/cov rrekayos, TO
TO Trepl ^.apBova /cal Kvpvov /cal

TCffffapd/coina T<zt9 Travail, avTu> TG

(iTpvTW /cal Tot9 (TTpaTYiyols
XXVII. 'Ey Be *P(ojj,r} TOV VTCaTOV
opyfj /cal (f)0ovq) \v/j.aivo{ivov Tr]V Trapacncevrjv
ical Bia\vovTos Ta 7r\^p(t)/jiaTa, TO fizv vavTi/cov

/ 'V 5*^5*^ T^ C* Q '

et9 'Pwyur;^ dveftaivev. alaOo^JLevoi Be
e^e'^yOriaav et9 TTJV o$6v, wcnrep ov Tcpo
2 VUCQMV oXtrycov eKTreu-dravTes avTov. erroiei Be



yapav TO Trap 1 eXm8a T^9 /u,6Ta/3oX/)9
v7repl3d\\ov(Tav dfydoviav T% dyo
oOev 6 TLeia'OdV eKLv^vvevae TTJV inraTeiav d<pai-
pe&f)vai, Taftiviov vojiov e^oz^TO? tfSr
fjievov. d\\d /cal TOVTO Bie/cd)\v(Tei> 6
ical TaXXa ^p^^aTiaa^ eTriei/ccos /cal

182



POMPEY, xxvi. 2-xxvn. 2

were moved to say in their joy that the very name
of Ponipey had put an end to the war.

However, lie divided the waters and the adjacent
coasts l of the Mediterranean Sea into thirteen
districts, and assigned to each a certain number of
ships with a commander, and with his forces thus
scattered in all quarters he encompassed whole fleets
of piratical ships that fell in his way, and straight-
way hunted them down and brought them into port :
others succeeded in dispersing and escaping, and
sought their hive, as it were, hurrying from all
quarters into Cilicia. Against these Pompey in-
tended to proceed in person with his sixty best
ships. He did not, however, sail against them until
he had entirely cleared of their pirates the Tyrr-
henian Sea, the Libyan Sea, and the sea about
Sardinia, Corsica, and Sicily, in forty days all told.
This was owing to his own tireless energy and the
/eal of his lieutenants.

XXVII. But the consul Piso at Rome, out of
wrath and envy, was interfering with Pompey 's
equipment and discharging his crews ; Pompey
therefore sent his fleet round to Brundisium, while
he himself went up by way of Tuscany to Rome. On
learning of this, the citizens all streamed out into
the road, just as if they had not escorted him forth
only a few days before. What caused their joy was
the unhoped for rapidity of the change, the market
being now r filled to overflowing with provisions.
As a consequence Piso came near being deprived of
his consulship, and Gabinius had the requisite law
already written out. But Pompey prevented this,
as well as other hostile acts, and after arranging
everything else in a reasonable manner and getting

1 Cf. chapter xxv. 2.

'83



PLUTARCH'S LIVES

MV eBelro, KaTafia? et? TRpevreaiov ee~
3 TrXevcrev. eTreiyofjievos 5e TW Kaipw teal Trapa-
TT\ewv ra? vroXet? VTTO cnrov&rjs, O/JLCOS ov 7rapr)\@
ra? 'A#?7i>a9, ai^a/5a? 8e /tat, OiHras rot? ^eot? /cat
TT poo-ay optvcr a? TOI^ Sr/f^oi' evOvs airiiov ai' f yi-



et? avTov 7ri.yypa/j,/jieva fj.oi'oart^a, TO
eVro? r/}?



'E<)!)' ocrov a>i> avOpwTros oiSas, eirl TOCTOVTOV el
#

\ (N> 5

TO O 6/

, 7TpO(TKVl>OV/.lV t



4 eVel Se TWV crvveaTWTwv en KCL\
iTGipa'n'ipiwv eviois Be^Oelcrtv eir
KOI 7rapa\a/3u>v ra nr\ola teal ra aco/^ara KCLKOV
ov$v eTTOirjaev, eV e'XTTtSo? ^pijcrrrj^ ol \oi7roi
TOU? /j,ev aXXou? Siefavyov ^ye/novas,
'Lw Be tyepovres eavrovs /j.era reKvcov KOL



6 tie Trvrwv



Aral fJiaKuTTa Sia TOVTWV TOU? en \av9dvovras

/ecu \afjL/3dva)v e/coXa^ev w?
vijKecrra crvvetSoTas.
XXVIII. Ol Be 7r\64(7TOt /cal



<yeva<$ ^ev avrwv KOL ^p^ara /cal rov



ev (frpovpiois Kal 7rd\ia-fiaai
l rbv Tavpov el^ov dTro/cei/jieva, TO.?

avrol Trepl TO KopaKijaiov
\eovTa rov Tlo/j,7r>jlov eBe^
teal yua^T;? <yevofJLev^ vtKtjBevTG^ 7ro\iopKovi>TO.
TeXo? 8e Tre/ji'fravTes iKeTrjpiasTrapeSay/cav eavrovs
teal TroXet? teal vrja-ovs &v eire/epdrovv evrei%i-

184



POMPEY, xxvii. 2-xxvni. i

what lie wanted, went down to Brundisium and set
sail. But though his immediate business was urgent
and he sailed past other cities in his haste, still, he
could not pass Athens by, but went up into the city,
sacrificed to the gods, and addressed the people.
Just as he was leaving the city, he read two inscrip-
tions, each of a single verse, addressed to him, one
inside the gate :

" As thou knowest thou art mortal, in so far thoti art
a god ; "

and the other outside :

"We awaited, we saluted, we have seen, and now
conduct thee forth."

Some of the pirate bands that Avere still roving at
large begged for mercy, and since he treated them
humanely, and after seizing their ships and persons
did them no further harm, the rest became hopeful
of mercy too, and made their escape from the other
commanders, betook themselves to Pompey with
their wives and children, and surrendered to him.
All these he spared, and it was chiefly by their aid
that he tracked down, seized, and punished those
who were still lurking in concealment because con-
scious of unpardonable crimes.

XXVIII. But the most numerous and powerful
had bestowed their families and treasures and useless
folk in forts and strong citadels near the Taurus
mountains, while they themselves manned their
ships and awaited Pompey's attack near the promon-
tory of Coracesium in Cilicia ; here they were
defeated in a battle and then besieged. At last,
however, they sent suppliant messages and sur-
rendered themselves, together with the cities and
islands of which they were in control ; these they



PLUTARCH'S LIVES



{3ia,(T0'f]vai Kal

2 crrof?. kasrekvOri /uev ovv 6 7roXe/xo? /eal ra
Travravov \r)<TTT)pia TT}? #aXao-crr;? e^eirecrev OVK
ev 7T\eiovt, xpovw rpicov /AIJVWV, vavs Be



ave\elv [iev ovBe e/3ov\evcraTO, fjieOelvai Be



Kal TTO\IJLLKOVS KOI TTOXXoi)? l oWa?, OVK

3 a>ero /taXco? e%iv. evvoi'ia-as ovv on (pvcrei
ovre yeyovev our' GGTIV avi^epov

, aXX' e^icrrarai rfj KaKia Trapa
, e^ecrt Se aj TOTTWV Kal ftiwv
KOL



Be 2



Trpaorepas eKveTai TO aypiov KOI
TOU? avBpas et? 77}^ fiera<pepei,v



avv-

4 e6i<T0evTa<; eV iroXecriv oiKelv Kal yeaypyeiv. evl
fjiev ovv al /jiiKpal Kal vTrepij/moi rwv
TroXei? eBe^avTo Kal Kare/mi^av eavrat?
7rpoo~\a/3ovcrai, rrjv Be ^oXicov r}pr)/j,a)/j,vr)v evay-
p^o? VTTO Tiypdi'ov rov ' Kpfjieviwv
ava\af3a)V 'icpvcre TroXXot/? ei^ avTy. TO??
TroXXot? OLKtjrjjpiov eBo)Ke Avfxrjv Trjv 'A^a
dvBpwv rare, yrjv Be TroXX^



XXIX. TaOra /zei^ ovv ol f3a<TKaivovTe$
rot? Be Trepl K.ptfrrjv Trpa^OeldL TT/JO? Me'reXXo^
ov5' ot TTCLVV <j)i\ovvT<s avrov e^aipov. o



TTO\\OVS Coraes and Bekker, with S^: TOUS
after Stephanus (most of them being, etc.).

2 8 supplied, after Emperins ; Bekker has airov KOI
after Coraes.

186



POMPEY. xxvni. i-xxix. i

liad fortified, making them hard to get at and diffi-
cult to take by storm. The war was therefore
brought to an end and all piracy driven from the
sea in less than three months, and besides many
other ships, Pompey received in surrender ninety
which had brazen beaks. The men themselves, who
were more than twenty thousand in number, he did
not once think of putting to death ; and yet to let
them go and suffer them to disperse or band together
again, poor, warlike, and numerous as they were, he
thought was not well. Reflecting, therefore, that
by nature man neither is nor becomes a wild or an
unsocial creature, but is transformed by the unnatural
practice of vice, whereas he may be softened by
new customs and a change of place and life ; also
that even wild beasts put off their fierce and savage
ways when they partake of a gentler mode of life, he
determined to transfer the men from the sea to land,
and let them have a taste of gentle life by being
accustomed to dwell in cities and to till the ground.
Some of them, therefore, were received and incor-
porated into the small and half-deserted cities ol
Cilicia, which acquired additional territory ; and
after restoring the city of Soli, which had lately



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