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dismount from his horse and go on foot ; for no
man mounted on horseback had ever been seen in
a Roman camp. Tigranes, accordingly, not only
obeyed them in this, but also unloosed his sword
and gave it to them ; and finally, when lie came
into the presence of Pompey himself, he took oft
his royal tiara and made as if to lay it at his feet, and
what was most humiliating of all, would have thrown
himself down and clasped his knees in supplication.
But before he could do this, Pompey caught him
by the hand and drew him forward, and after giving
him a seat near himself, and putting his son on the
other side, told him that he must lay the rest of his
losses to Lucullus, who had robbed him of Syria,
Phoenicia, Cilicia, Galatia, and Sophene ; but that

203



PLUTARCH'S LIVES

ercTLcravTa rrotvrjv ^aKi(y^i\ia rdXavra
lois Tr)s dBtKias, Swcbiivfjs ^ fiacriXevcfeiv

5 TOV vtov. TT\ TOVTOIS o fjiev 'Fiypdvrjs rjydTrrjcre,
teal Tcov 'Pay^aiwv dcrTraaafjievcov CLVTOV /3a<Ti\ea

yevofJievos Trr] i y r yi\aTO crTparicoTrj /jie
dpyvpiov Stecreiv, eKarovrdp^rj Be

e rd\avrov 6 8' L/O? e

l K\[email protected] 7rl beiTrvov OVK ecfrrj YIofXTrtjiou Sei-
roiavra TifJLwvros' KOI r ydp auro? a\\or
evprjaeLV 'Pw/jLdUov. etc TOVTOV Bezels 6t? TOV

6 dpiafjiftov (j)v\drT6ro. KOI per ov TTO\VV ^povov
eTre/jL^e ^padrrj^ o IIa/9#o? diraiTMV fiv TOV
veaviGKOv, &>? avTov <ya/ji/3p6v, d^iwv Be TWV ^76-
IJLOVIWV o/ori) ^prjaOai TO> Rixfypdrrj. TlofjiTnj'ios Be
drreKpiVciTO TOV fjiev Tiypdvrjv TW rraTpl /zaXXoi'
rf TW rrevOepu) TrpoaijKeiv, opw Be %pijcra0at TW
Bucai(j).

XXXIV. KaToXirrcDV Be fypovpov 'Api^evias
*A<f)pdviov avTOs ejSdSi^G Bid TWV rrepioL/covvTcov TOV
KavKacrov e6vwv dvayKauo)^ eVt MiOpiBdTrjv. /xe-
<yi(TTa Be CIVTWV eaTiv eOvrj 1 * AXftavol Kar'I/Srjpes,
"\/3r}pe$ /J-ev errl TO, Moif %*/ca oprj real TOV HOVTOV
KadijKOVTes, 'AX/9a^ot Be errl Trjv ew KOI TIJV
2 Kaairiav KeK\ifjbtvoi 6d\a<jaav. OVTOL TrpwTov

f.LV CLLTOVl'TL Tlo/jLTT^iO) BioBoV cBoaaV %l/J,WVOS

Be Tr]V CTTpaTidv ev TTJ %copa KaTa\a(3ovTOS KOL



bracketed by Sintenis.
204



POMPEY, xxxin. 4-xxxiv. 2

what he had kept up to the present time lie should
continue to hold if he paid six thousand talents to
the Romans as a penalty for his wrong-doing ; and
that his son should be king of Sophene. With
these terms Tigranes was well pleased, and when
the Romans hailed him as King, he was overjoyed,
and promised to give each soldier half a mina of
silver, to each centurion ten minas, and to each
tribune a talent. But his son was dissatisfied, and
when he was invited to supper, said that he was
not dependent on Pompey for such honours, for he
himself could find another Roman to bestow them.
Upon this, he was put in chains and reserved for
the triumph. Not long after this, Phraates the
Parthian sent a demand for the young man, on
the plea that he was his son-in-law, and a pro-
position that the Euphrates be adopted as a boundary
between his empire and that of the Romans. Pom-
pey replied that as for Tigranes, he belonged to his
father more than to his father-in-law ; and as for a
boundary, the just one would be adopted.

XXXIV. Then leaving Afranius in charge of
Armenia, Pompey himself proceeded against Mithri-
dates, 1 and of necessity passed through the peoples
dwelling about the Caucasus mountains. The
greatest of these peoples are the Albanians and
the Iberians, of whom the Iberians extend to the
Moschian mountains and the Euxine Sea, while
the Albanians lie to the eastward as far as the
Caspian Sea. These latter at first granted Pompey's
request for a free passage ; but when winter
had overtaken his army in their country and it
was occupied in celebrating the Roman festival ot
the Saturnalia, they mustered no less than forty

1 In 65 B.C.

205



PLUTARCH'S LIVES

paKiff/jLvpiayv OVK e'XaTTOU9 e
avrols, 8ta/3az>T69 TOV Kvpvov rroTajAov, 09
ex TWV 'IftrjpiKwv opwv aviffTCLfjievos Kal Be^ofjievos
tcaTiovTa TOV 'Apd^rjv avr' 'A/tytewa? e^irfcri Bw-

3 Betfa GTOfjiao'LV et<? TO Kdo-TTiov. 01 & ov <j)aari
TOVTM avfjL(j)pa'Oai TOV 'Apd^rjv, d\\a KaB*

ov, eyyu? Be iroieioBai TTJV K/3o\r)V t? TCLVTQ
os. Ilo/iTr^io? 6e, xaiTrep evcrTfjvai Bvvd-
vrpo? Trjv Bid/Baaiv rot? 7roX.eyu.tot9, rrepielSe
* r)GW)(iav' CITO, eTrayayayv Tpe-

4 -^raro /ca

KOI



Kiav KCU GTreia/jievos, err roi/9

e^ OUK: e\dTTOva<>, /jLaifjicoTeov 9 Se rci)i>



real Lwea-ai TOV



5 ovT yap M?;8o/9 ovre Tlepcrais vrnj/covcrav
"I/3?//3e9, Si6(f)vyov Se Kal TI-JV Ma/ceSovwv dp%TJv,
'A\e%dvBpov Sid Ta%e(ov e/c T7;9 'Tp/cavias drrd-
. ov /jirjv aXXa Kal TOVTOVS /J*d%rj

o IToyLt7r?;i'o9, wcrre drroOaveiv
, d\covat Be irXeiovs ^vpLwv

l Tr/309 TOV <&acriv



TOV

XXXV. 'H p,ev ovv MiOpiBaTOV Sico^i? d

/COT09 669 TO, 7Tpl BoCTTTOpOV WvY] Kal TTfV MaiWTIV

aTroplas et^e /u^aXa?' *A\/3avol Be avOis d$e-
crTWT69 avTw 7rpocrr)yy\0tjcrav. 77/309 01)9 VTT 63J
0/37^9 /fal (f)i\oveiKias 7ricfTpe^ra^ TOV re Kvpvov
//,o\t9 Aral 7ra/oa/3oX&>9 7rd\iv BieTrepacrev errl
TTO\V aTavpols vrro Twv ftapftdpwv drroK%apa-

206






POMPEY, xxxiv. 2-xxxv. i

thousand men and made an attack upon it. To
do this, they crossed the river Cyrnus, which rises
in the Iberian mountains, and receiving the Araxes
as it issues from Armenia, empties itself by twelve
mouths into the Caspian. Others say that the
Araxes makes no junction with this stream, but
takes a course of its own, and empties itself close
by into the same sea. Although Pompey could
have opposed the enemy's passage of the river,
he suffered them to cross undisturbed ; then he at-
tacked them, routed them, and slew great numbers
of them. When, however, their king sent envoys
and begged for mercy, Pompey condoned his wrong-
doing and made a treaty with him ; then he marched
against the Iberians, who were not less numerous
than the others and more warlike, and had a strong
desire to gratify Mithridates by repulsing Pompey.
For the Iberians had not been subject either to the
Medes or the Persians, and they escaped the
Macedonian dominion also, since Alexander departed
from Hyrcania in haste. Notwithstanding, Pompey
routed this people also in a great battle, in which
nine thousand of them were slain and more than
ten thousand taken prisoners ; then he invaded
Colchis, where, at the river Phasis, Servilius met
him, at the head of the fleet with which he was
guarding the Euxine.

XXXV. Now, the pursuit of Mithridates, who had
thrown himself among the peoples about the Bos-
porus and the Maeotic Sea, w r as attended with great
difficulties ; besides, word was brought to Pompey
that the Albanians had again revolted. Turning back
against these in resentment and wrath, he crossed
the Cyrnus again with great difficulty and hazard,
since the Barbarians had fenced off its banks with

207



PLUTARCH'S LIVES



2 Kw^vov, tea [jLatcpas CLVTOV

/cal dpya\eas ooov, /Jivpiovs dcr/covs v&aros e'ytt-
7T\r)crdfjLevo<> j'i\auvi> errl Tot"? 7ro\e/uou?, teal /care-



"Aftavrt Trora/jLO) Traparerayfjievovs
vs KCLI Stcr^tXtou?

KOI



TOI)? TroXXou?. rjyeiro be^av



oirro? e %epcr TT?
eVi TW HoyLiTr^iot' opyLt?;cra? avrbv

eTTLTTTV^V CLKOVTl-
& KLVOV



ravrrj rfj /^d^r) \eyovTai /cal '

ai rot? fiapfidpois, diro TWV Trepl
TOV ep/jL(t)&oi>Ta TTOTa/jiov 6pci)i> Karaffacrai. /aera
yap rr)v /j,d^v aKV\evovTe<$ ol 'Pw/jiaioi, TOU?
fiapftdpovs TreXrat? ' A/j,aoviKals teal rcoOopvots
VTvy%avov, awfjia &e ovBev M^Oij yvvaLK.lov.
4 vefjiovrai & TOV Kavtcdcrov rd [email protected])JKOVTa TT/OO?
rrjv "Tp/caviav Odkacraav, ou% ofjiopovaai TOLS
'A\/3a^ot9, dX\d FeXat KCLI Aijye? OIKOVGI Sid
fj,<rov /cal TOVTOIS eVoi'? etcdcrTov Bvo



ravro



' aura? dTra\\ayeicrai
Tevovcriv.

XXXVT. 'Qpfjur^aa^ Se /u-era Tr/v ^d^r\v 6
7r>;io? e\avveiv eVt T^ 'Yp/caviav /cal Kacnriav
0d\acrcrav, vrro Tr\r)0ovs eprreTO)!' OavacrL^wv
drreTpdrrr) Tpiwv 6Sbv rjfjiepwv diroa'^wv, et? 8e Trjv
2 fJLitcpdv 'Ap/jLi>iav dve^cDpr^cre. real TU> /zez/ 'EXu-
fjiaiwv /cal Mifiwv fta<Ji\el Tre/t-v/racrt Tr/oecr^ei?
dvTypa\fre 0iXiATW9, TO?; 8e TldpQov, els Trjv
rop8vr)Vrjv ^,/3^\rjKGTa /cal

208



POMPEY, xxxv. 2 -xxxvr. 2

long stretches of palisades ; then, since he must
make a long march through a waterless and difficult
country, he ordered ten thousand skins to be filled
with water, and with this provision advanced upon
the enemy. He found them drawn up on the river
Abas, sixty thousand foot and twelve thousand horse,
but wretchedly armed, and clad for the most part in
the skins of wild beasts. They were led by a
brother of the king, named Cosis, who, as soon as
the fighting was at close quarters, rushed upon
Pompey himself and smote him with a javelin on
the fold of his breastplate , but Pompey ran him
through the body and killed him.

In this battle it is said that there were also
Amazons fighting on the side of the Barbarians, and
that they came down from the mountains about the
river Thermodon. For when the Romans were
despoiling the Barbarians after the battle, they came
upon Amazonian shields and buskins ; but no body
of a woman was seen. The Amazons inhabit the
parts of the Caucasus mountains that reach down
to the Hyrcanian Sea, and they do not border on
the Albani, but Gelae and Leges dwell between.
With these peoples, who meet them by the river
Thermodon, they consort for two months every
year ; then they go away and live by themselves.

XXXVI. After the battle, Fompev set out to
march to the Hyrcanian and Caspian Sea, but was
turned back by a multitude of deadly reptiles when
he was only three days inarch distant, and withdrew
into Lesser Armenia. Here the kings of the Ely-
maeans and the Medes sent ambassadors to him,
and he wrote them a friendly answer ; but against

o

the Parthian king, who had burst into Gordyene
and was plundering the subjects of Tigranes, he sent

209



PLUTARCH'S LIVES

VTTO '[\ypdvy, Tre^as yaera 'A(f)paviov Svva-juv
e^rjXacre ^LUt^Oevra pk^pi Tr/s 'A/9/3?/Xm8o9.

"Octai Be TWV MiflpiBaTOV TraXXarciBwv dvrj-
X6r)crav, ovBefiiav eyvw, Trdcras Be rot? yovevcri
xal oLxeiois dveire^Trev. r)aav yap ai TroXXat
QvyaTepes KOI >yvvalK.es ar partly wv teal Bvvaa-rwv.

3 +.rpaTOvitcr) Be, ) /zeyjcrTOi' el%ei/ a^iw^a /cal TO
TToXv'Xpvcro'ra'Tov TWV <ppoupia)v e(f)vXaTTv, rjv
JAW, co? eoLK, v/raXrou rivos ov"% CVTV^OVS ra\\a,
-npeffftvTov Be Qvydrrip, oi/rco Be evflvs elXe irapd
TTQTOV ^rr)\acra TOV MiOpiBdrrfv, wcne eKeivijv
e~% ( ov dveiravero, TOV B TT peer ftvrrjv a7re
Bucrcpopovvra TW firjBe 7rpocrpij(rea)S

4 eiKovs. a)? fJLevroi 7Tpl opOpov e

evBoi' eKTrw/jLarcov /JLCV dpyvpwv /cal ^pvcrcov rpa-
7re^a9, o^Xoz^ Be OepaTrelas iroXvv, evvov~)(ovs Be
xai TralBas Ifidna ra)v TroXureXco^
avrw, xai Trpo rfjs Ovpas 'LTTTTOV ecrreora
fievov wcTTrep ol TMV (f)i\u>v TOV



elvai TO rjba /cal



5 a>p/jLr)(re (frevyeiv Bid Ovpwv. T&V Be OepaTrbvTwv
vofJievwi', teal \ey6vT(i)v OTL TrXoucrtou
evay%os oi/cov aura) fteyav 6 fiaaiXevs
BeBwprjTai, teal raOra /j,i/cpai Tives dirap^al KOI
BeiyfjiaTa TWV d\\wv %pr)fjLd<FQ)V ical KTijfjidTcoi'
i(TLv, OVTW TriGTevcras /LtoX^9 /cal TTJV Trop-
(frvpav dva\a/3wv /cal dva7rrjBi]cra<; eTrl TOV LTTTTOJ'
JjXavve Bid rr}9 7roXe&>9 ftowv " 'E^a ravra
r> TrdvTa ecfTi" 7Tyoo9 Be roi/9 KaTayt\MVTas ov
TOVTO eXeyev elvai dav/jiaaTov, aXX' OTL JJLIJ
rot'9



fJ>ei> TIV teal yeveas tcdl



210



POMPFA', \\xvi. 2 6

;in armed force under Afranius, which drove him on I
of the country and pursued him as far as the district
of Arbela.

Of all the concubines of Mithridates that were
brought to Pompey. he used not one, but restored
them all to their parents and kindred ; for most of
them were daughters and wives of generals and
princes. But Stratonice, who was held in highest
esteem by the king and had the custody of the
richest of his fortresses, was, it would seem, the
daughter of a humble harpist, an old man, and poor
besides ; but she made such a swift conquest of
Mithridates as she once played for him at his wine,
that he took her with him to his bed, but sent the
old man away in great displeasure at not getting so
much as a kindly greeting. In the morning, however,
when the old man rose and saw in his house tables
loaded with gold and silver beakers, a large retinue
of servants, and eunuchs and pages bringing costly
garments to him, and a horse standing before his
door caparisoned like those of the king's friends, he
thought the thing a mockery and a joke, and tried
to run out of doors. But the servants laid hold of him
and told him that the king had bestowed on him
the large estate of a rich man who had recently
died, and that these things were only small fore-
tastes and specimens of the goods and chattels still
remaining. In this way he was with difficulty per-
suaded, and putting on his purple robes and leaping
upon his horse, he rode through the city, crying :
" All this is mine." To those who laughed at him
he said that what he was doing was no wonder ;
the wonder was that he did not throw stones at
those who met him, for he was mad with joy. Of
such a stock and lineage was Stratonice. But she

211



PLUTARCH'S LIVES

VLKIJ. ru> Be IloumjLM teal TO %(i}piov rtape-
BiBov rovro Kal Bwpa rro\\d rrpoarjve'y/cei', wv
eKelvos oaa Koa^ov iepols Kal \a/j,rrp6rr)ra rw
Opid/JL/3w rrape^eiv e^aivero \aftu>v ^ova, rd
\otrrd rr)V ^rparovLKr)v e/ce\ev6 KeKTrjaOai, %at-
7 povcrav. o//.oto)? Be Kal rov ySacrtXeto? TWV \i3nipwv
K\ivr)v re Kal rparre^av Kal 0povov, airavTa

avrw Kal SerjQevTos \a(Belv,



ravra TO? ratttat? TraewKei' et? TO



XXXVII. 'Ei/ Be TO) Kaf^a) fypovpiq) Kal
piJTOis o HaLfJLir,r)Los everv^e rov
Bdrov, Kal Bi)}\0ei> OVK dijBws avra

rov ijtiovs Karavorjaiv. V7ro/Jivi]fj.ara <ydp



wv ()o)pt] apfjiaKois aou? re
Kal rov viov Apiapddtjv dvr}pi~iKu>$ Kal rov
^apBiavbv 'A\Kaiov, on rrapev^>OKi^Li]crev avrov
2 LTTTTOVS dya)vio~ra<t e\avva)v. rjaav Be d



Kal Kplo~ei<$ evvrrvicov, <bv ra /ACV avros



, ra Be eviai ra)v <yvvaiKwv, emcrro\al re
rrpos avrov dKo\acrroi Kal rrdXiv eKeivov
7T/J09 avrrfv. (-tyeotydvrjs Be Kal 'PovriXiov \6yov
evpeBtjvai <f>r]cri rrapogwriKov errl rrjv dvaipeaiv
3 ra)i> ev 'Aa-ia 'Pay/j-aicov. o /caXw? eifcd^ovaiv
ot rrXeiffroi KaKorjOev/jLa rov eo<f)dvov$ elvai,
rd%a fj,ev ovBev avrw rov 'PovriXiov eoi/cora
piaovvros, el/cos Be Kal Bid Houmjiov, ov rov
rrarepa rrafMrrovijpov drreBei^ev 6 'Povri,\ios ev



XXXVIII. ^vrevOev et? ' A.fjao'ov e\0u>v o
IIofATDJios rrddos ve/JLeo-^rov vrro ^tXoTt/uta?
errade. rroXXa ydp rov AevKo\\ov erriKepro-
, on rov



212



POMPKY. xxxv i. 6-xxxvin. i

surrendered this stronghold to Pompey, and brought
him many gifts, of which he accepted only those
which were likely to adorn the temples at Rome
and add splendour to his triumph ; the rest he
bade Stratonice keep and welcome. In like manner,
too, when the king of the Iberians sent him a couch,
a table, and a throne, all of gold, and begged him to
accept them, he delivered these also to the quaestors,
for the public treasury.

XXXVII. In the fortress of Caen um Pompey
found also private documents belonging to Mithri-
dates, and read them with no little satisfaction, since
they shed much light upon the king's character. For
there were memoranda among them from which it
was discovered that, besides many others, he had
poisoned to death his son Ariarathes, and also
Alcaeus of Sardis, because he had surpassed him in
driving race-horses. Among the writings were also in-
terpretations of dreams, some of which he himself
had dreamed, and others, some of his wives. There
were also letters from Monime to him, of a lascivious
nature, and answering letters from him to her.
Moreover, Theophanes says there was found here an
address of Rutilius, which incited the king to the
massacre of the Romans in Asia. But most people
rightly conjecture that this was a malicious in-
vention on the part of Theophanes, perhaps because
he hated Rutilius, who was wholly unlike himself,
but probably also to please Pompey, whose father had
been represented as an utter wretch by Rutilius in
his histories.

XXXVIII. From Caenum Pompey went to Amisus,
where his ambition led him into obnoxious courses.
For whereas he had roundly abused Lucullus be-
cause, while his enemy was still alive, he would

213

VOL. V H



PLUTARCHS LIVES

teal Sa>pea? eve/jue KOL Ti/u-a?, a (rvvrjprujbevov TTO\-
/JLOV Kal Trepas e^ovros elwOacn iroielv 01 vevifcrj-






l <JU^iXo%OTO? d^LOfjia-xov Suva/jiiis, co? Brj
2 <JvvTere\eaiJievwv aTrdvrwv, eirparre ravrd,
ra? eVa/o^ta? KOI Siave^wv

/JLV rj^e^OVWV KOi

/3ap/3dpa)v dcfriy/iievwv Trpo? avrov.
ffe TOI> TIdpdov dvriypd^cov, &(T7rep
oi XoiTTOi, j3acri\a (Ba<Ji\U)v Trpoaayopevcrai,
rot? aXXoi? ^api^ofjievo^. avTov Se Tf? epoys Kal
et%e ^vpiav dvaXafBelv KOI Sid TT}? 'Apa-
eTTt rr/t' epvOpdv e\dcrai 6d\acrGav, co? TW
rrepiiovTi rrjv OLKOV[JLVTJV 7ravTa%[email protected] '
3 7rpo(T/jLiei VIKWV KOL yap eV A.i./3uy

rr}9 e'tfro? dakdcrar]^ /cparwv irporfkOe,
ev



rpiTov



o\iyov $er;crev e
rrjv 'TpKaviav Q oKaa a av . a>? oS^ crvvdilrcov rrj
epvdpa rrjv TrepioSov T/}? (Trpareia^ dviararo.
Kal yap aXXco? TOV ^AiOpi^dnjv edypa ^vaOi'jparop
bvra Tol^ O7rX,ot? Kal fyevyovra y^a\7ru>Tepov r)



XXXIX. Aio TOirro) fiev elircov

eavrov 7ro\/jiiov TOV Xi/jtov aTroXeity
</)uXa/ca? TMV vewv eVt TOL/? TrXeWra? et9
po;^ e/nTTopovs- Kal Qdvaros rjv 7j

Se



214



POMPEY, xxxvin. i-xxxix. i

issue edicts and distribute gifts and honours, things
which victors are wont to do onlv when a war has

j

been brought to an end and finished, yet he himself,
while Mithridates was supreme in Bosporus and had
collected a formidable force, just as though the
whole struggle was ended, took the same course,
regulating the provinces and distributing gifts ; for
many leaders and princes and twelve barbarian
kings had come to him. Wherefore, to gratify
these other kings, he would not deign, in answering
a letter from the king of Parthia, to address him as
King of Kings, which was his usual title. Moreover,
a great and eager passion possessed him to recover
Syria, and march through Arabia to the Red Sea, 1
in order that he might bring his victorious career
into touch with the Ocean which surrounds the
woild on all sides ; for in Africa he had been the
first to carry his conquests as far as the Outer Sea,
and again in Spain he had made the Atlantic Ocean
the boundary of the Roman dominion, and thirdly,
in Ins recent pursuit of the Albani, he had narrowly
missed reaching the Hyrcanian Sea. In order,
therefore, that he might connect the circuit of his
military expeditions with the Red Sea, he put his
army in motion. And, besides, he saw that it was
difficult to hunt Mithridates down with an armed
force, and that he was harder to deal with when he
fled than when he gave battle.

XXX IX. Wherefore, remarking that he would
leave behind him for this fugitive a mightier enemy
than himself, to wit, famine, he stationed ships to
keep guard against the merchants sailing to Bos-
porus ; and death was the penalty for such as were
caught. Then taking the great mass of his army.

1 i.e. the Persian Gulf.



PLUTARCH'S LIVES

Tr\r]6vv awxyrfv rrporiye' Kal TWV fjierd 'Ipiapiov



evrvyjov drd(f)Ois en rofc
\a/jiTrpws KOA, (f>i\oTifjL(0s aTravras, o BoKel
7rapa\i(f)@V ov% i^Kicna KVKO\\

2 al'riov >yevecr9ai. yeipwad^vo^ Be
VLOV rot9 Trepl 'A/^a^o^ "Ayoa/Sa? Kal

auro? 6t? *vpiav, ravrrjv fxev a>? OVK ey^ovcrav
yvrjcriovs /3acri\ei<$ eirapxiav aTretyijve Kal K-Ti^a
rov $r)jM)V 'Pw/jiaLcov, rrjv Se 'lovSaiav Kare-
(npe^lraTO, Kal crvve\a(Bev 'A.pt(TT6/3ou\ov rov
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r)\ev6epov KciXd^wv TOL/? ev avral? rvpdvvovs.

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TOLOVTOV ware Ka



Kal /3api>Tr)Tas eu/coXw? v
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veavias, ayav Be rfj Tv^y ^coyue^o?* Trepl ov Kal
Tou,ve TI Xeyerai. Kara)/' 6 (frtXocrocfros en
216



POMPKY, xvxix. i XT, i

he set out on his march, and when he came upon the
still unburied bodies of those who, led by Triarius,
had fallen in an unsuccesstul combat with Mithri-
dates, 1 he gave them all an honourable and splendid
burial. The neglect of this is thought to have been
the chief reason why Lucullus was hated by his
soldiers. After his legate Afranius had subdued for
him the Arabians about Amanus, he himself went
down into Syria,' 2 and since this country had no
legitimate kings, he declared it to be a province and
possession of the Roman people ; he also subdued
Judaea, and made a prisoner of Aristobulus the
king. Some cities he built up, others he set free,
chastising their tyrants. But most of his time he
spent in judicial business, settling the disputes of
cities and kings, and for those to which he himself
could not attend, sending his friends. Thus when
the Armenians and Parthians referred to him the
decision of a territorial quarrel, he sent them three
arbiters and judges. For great was the name of his
power, and not less that of his virtue and clemency.
This enabled him to hide away most of the trans-
gressions of his friends and intimates, since he
was not fitted by nature to restrain or chastise
evil doers ; but he was so helpful himself to those
who had dealings with him that they were con-
tent to endure the. rapacity and severity of his
friends.

XL. The one who had most influence with him
was Demetrius, a freedman, a young man of some
intelligence otherwise, but who abused his good
fortune. The following story is told about him.
Catothe philosopher, when he was still a young man,

1 Three years earlier. Cf. the Luc_ullns, xxxv. 1.

2 In the spring of 64 B.C.



PLUTARCH'S LIVES



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. vGTepov Be f Pa)yuatoi9 TOVTO Brj TO fca\ov



218



POMPEY, XL. 1-5

but had already great reputation and lofty purposes,
went up to Antioch, 1 at a time when Pompey was
not there, wishing to inspect the city. Cato him-
self, the story goes, marched on foot, as always, but
the friends who journeyed with him were on horse-
back. When he beheld before the gate of the city a
throng of men in white raiment, and drawn up along
the road the youths on one side, and the boys on
the other, he was vexed, supposing this to be done
out of deference and honour to himself, who desired
nothing of the kind. However, he ordered his friends
to dismount and walk with him ; but when they
drew near, the master of all these ceremonies met
them, with a wreath on his head and a wand in his
hand, and asked them where they had left Demetrius,
and when he would come. The friends of Cato,
accordingly, burst out laughing, but Cato said, " O



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