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Mt. Aetna.

Catulus. 153, 157, 179, 181, 193, 197,
Quintus Lutatius C., a leading
aristocrat of the nobler sort,
consul in 78 B.C., censor in 65, a
supporter of Cicero against Cati-
line in 63, died in 60 B.C.

Caucasus Mountains, 209, the great
mountain system lying between
the Euxine and Caspian Seas.

Cenchreae, 399, the eastern harbour-
town of Corinth.

Chabrias, 105, a successful Athenian
general, prominent from 392 till
his gallant death at the siege of
Chios in 357 B.C.

Chaeroneia, 47, a small town at the
entrance from Phocis into Boeo-
tia, commanding an extensive
plain on which many battles were
fought in ancient times (cf. the
Marcellus, xxi. 2). Here Philip
of Macedon defeated the allied
Greeks in 338 B.C. It was Plu-
tarch's native city.

Chares, 345, a famous Athenian
general, prominent from 367 to
334 B.C. He was able, but un-
trustworthy and rapacious.

Cinna, 123-127, Lucius Cornelius
C., leader of the popular party
and consul during the years of
Sulla's absence in the East (87-
84 B.C.).

Claros, 175, a place in Ionian Asia
Minor, near Colophon, . where
there was a temple of Apollo, and
an oracle of great antiquity.

Cleon, of Halicarnassus, 55, a rheto-
rician who flourished at the close
of the fifth and the beginning of
the fourth century B.C.

Cloelius, 129, an error for Coelius.
Caius Coelius Caldus, tribune of



the people in 107 B.C., consul in
94, a staunch supporter of the
Marian party.

Cnidus, 47, a city at the S.W. ex-
tremity of Caria, in Asia Minor.

Colchis, 203. 207, a district of
Western Asia, lying north of
Armenia and east of the Euxine
Sea.

Commagene, 231, a district of
Syria, lying between Cilicia and
the Euphrates.

Conon, 47, 63, a distinguished
Athenian general. He escaped
from Aegospotami in 405 B.C.
(see the Lysander, xi. 5), and
with aid from the Great King and
Pharnabazus defeated the Spar-
tan fleet off Cnidus in 394 B.C.,
and restored the Long Walls of
Athens in 393 B.C.

Cornelius, 447, 453, Gnaeus Corne-
lius Scipiq Calvus, consul with
Marcellus in 222 B.C., afterwards
(218 B.C.) legate of his brother
Publius in Spain, where the two
carried on war against the Car-
thaginians for eight years, and
where both finally fell.

Coroneia, 41. 47, a town in N.W.
Boeotia, the scene of many
battles. Here reference is made
to the victory of Agesilaiis over
the Thebans and their allies in
394 B.C. (Agesilaiis, xviii.).

Cratippus, 311 f.. of Mitylene, a
Peripatetic philosopher highly
regarded by Cicero, and by
Cicero's son, whose teacher he
was. Brutus attended his lec-
tures at Athens (Brutus, xxiv. 1).

Crispinus, 517, 519, Titus Quinctius
Pennus Capitolinus C., a trusted
commander under Marcellus in
Sicily, 214-212 B.C., and now
(208) his colleague in the consul-
ship. After the skirmish here
described he was carried to Rome,
where he died at the close of the
year.

Culleo, 243, Quintus Terentius C.,
tribune of the people in 58 B.C.,
a friend of Cicero, whose banish-
ment he tried to prevent, and
whose recall he laboured to
obtain.
Curio, 269 f., Caius Scriboniua C.,

535



DICTIONARY OF PROPER NAMES



an able orator, but reckless and
profligate. He was tribune of
the people in 50 B.C., and sold his
support to Caesar, who made him
praetor in Sicily in 49. Thence
he crossed into Africa to attack
the Pompeians there, but was
defeated and slain (Caesar, Bell.
Civ.,u. 23-44).

Cynoscephalae, 423, a range of hills
in eastern Thessaly, so named
from their supposed resemblance
to the heads of dogs.

Cythera, 87, a large island directly
south of Laconia in Pelopon-
nesus.

Cyzicus, 401, a Greek city on the
Propontis, in Mysia.



D



Damippus, 483, a Spartan at the
court of Hieronymus, king of
Syracuse. He tried to per-
suade the king not to abandon
alliance with Rome. Marcellus
gave him his liberty.

Deiotarus, 309, tetrarch of Galatia
in Asia Minor, and an old man in
54 B.C. (cf. the Crassus, xvii. 1 f.).
He was a faithful friend of the
Romans in their Asiatic wars, and
was rewarded by the senate, in
63 B.C., with the title of King.
Caesar could never be brought to
pardon him for siding with
Pompey.

Demaratus the Corinthian, 39, a
guest-friend of Philip of Macedon
(cf. the Alexander, ix. 6 ; Ivi.).

Didyma, 175, in the territory of
Miletus, the site of a famous
temple of Apollo.

Dionysius, 429. the Elder, tyrant of
Syracuse from 405 to 367 B.C.

Dioscorides, 99, a pupil of Isocrates,
author of a treatise on the Spar-
tan polity, writing in the latter
part of the fourth century B.C.
(cf. the Lycurgus, xi. 4).

Pomitius (1), 137, 141, Gnaeus
Domitius Ahenobarbus, son-in-
law of Cinna, and a partisan of
Marius. When Sulla obtained
the supreme power in 82 B.C.,



Domitius fled to Africa, where he
died in 81 B.C.

Domitius (2), 251, 291, 295, 335.
Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus.
consul in 54 B.C. He was a son-
in-law of Cato, and one of the
ablest supporters of the aristo-
cratic party. He opposed both
Pompey and Caesar until they
quarrelled, then sided with Pom-
pey. Caesar spared his life at Cor-
tinium, in 49 B.C. (cf. the Caesar,
xxxiv. 3 f.). He met his death
at Pharsalus.

Domitius (3), 257, 295, Gnaeus
Domitius Calvinus (wrongly
called Lucius Calvinus, p. 295)
consul in 53 B.C. He was a sup-
porter of Bibulus against Caesar
in 59 B.C., but after 49 B.C. an
active supporter of Caesar. After
Pharsalus he was Caesar's lieu-
tenant in Asia.

Duris, 7, of Samos, a pupil of Theo-
phrastus, historian and, for a
time, tyrant of Samos, lived
circa 350-280 B.C.

Dyme, 187, the most westerly of the
twelve cities of Achaia in Pelo-
ponnesus. It had been destroyed
by the Romans in 146 B.C.

Dyrrachhim, 279, 309, a city on
the coast of Illyricum, known in
Greek history as Epidamnus. It
was a free state, and sided with
the Romans consistently.



E



Ecbatana, 39, 417, an ancient city
of Media, the residence of tli
Great King during the summer
months.

Eleusis, 69, 375, the sacred city of
the Athenian mysteries, some
twelve miles west of Athens.

Engyium, 489 f., a city in the in-
terior of Sicily, the exact site of
which is unknown.

Enna, 489, an ancient fortress-city
nearly in the centre of Sicily.

Ephesns, 17, 23, 493, one of the
twelve Ionian cities in Lydia of
Asia Minor, near the mouth of the
river Cay'strus.

Ephorus, 381, of Cyme, pupil of



536



DICTIONARY OF PROPER NAMES



Isocrates, author of a highly
rhetorical history of Greece from
the " Dorian Invasion " down to
340 B.C., in which year he died.

Epidaurns, 17;">. a city on the east
coast of Argolis in Peloponnesus,
famous for its shrine and cult of
Aesculapius.

Erasistratus, 41, otherwise un-
known.

Emloxus, 471, of Cnidus, a pupil of
Archytas, most famous as a
mathematician and astronomer,
flourished about 360 B.C. He
taught philosophy at Athens.

Eurypontidae, 329, one of the two
royal families at Sparta ; the
other was that of the Agidao.



Gabinius, 177, 183, 241, Aulus G.,
tribune of the people in 66,
praetor in 61, consul with Piso in
58 B.C., the year during which
Cicero was exiled. He was
recalled from his province of
Syria in 5f>, prosecuted for taking
bribes, and exiled. He died in
48 B.C.

Geraestus, 15, a town and promon-
tory at the south-western extrem-
ity of Euboea.

Gordyene, 209, a rather indefinite
district of Asia, lying south of
Armenia and west of the river
Tigris.



Favonius, 275, 291, 309, 335,
Marcus F., called the "Ape of
Cato," aedile in 52 and praetor
in 49 B.C. He joined Pompey in
the East in spite of personal
enmity to him, and accom-
panied him in his flight from
Pharsalus.

Flaminius, 443, 447, Caius F.,
consul in 223 B.C., a violent
opponent of senate and aristo-
crats. The Circus Flaminius and
the Via Flaminia were con-
structed during his aedileship
(220 B.C.). Cf. the Marcellus,
xxvii. 3.

Fregollae, 517 f., 531, a city in S.E.
Latium, on the river Liris. It
was severely punished by Han-
nibal in 211 B.C. for its fidelity to
Home.

Fnlvius (1), 503, Gnaeus Fulviua
Flaccus, was praetor in 212 B.C.,
and received Apulia as his pro-
vince, where, in 210 B.C., he was
badly defeated (but not slain, as
Plutarch says) by Hannibal. He
had played the coward, and went
into voluntary exile.

Fulvius (2), 505, Quintus Fulvius
Flaccus, brother of Gnaeus. con-
sul in 237, 224, 212, and 200 B.C.
In 212 he captured Capua, which
had gone over to Hannibal, and
wreaked a dreadful vengeance
upon the city.



Hecatombaeon, 79, the first month
of the Attic year, comprising
parts of our June and July.

Herennius, 159, Caius H., tribune of
the people in 80 B.C. After the
death of Sulla he joined Sertorius
in Spain (76-72 B.C.).

Hermagoras, 225, of Tenedos, a
distinguished rhetorician in the
times of Pompey and Cicero.
He was a mere formalist.

Hermione, 175, an ancient town at
the south-eastern extremity of
Argolis in Peloponnesus.

Hexapyla, 483, 485, probably a
section of the wall fortifying
Epipolae, the triangular plateau
to the west of Syracuse.

Hiempsal, 145, king of Numidia
after the Jugurthine war (111-
106 B.C.), expelled from his
throne by Gnaeus Domitius and
restored to it by Pompey.

Hiero , 457 , 47 1 f . , Hiero II . , king of
Syracuse 270-216 B.C., for nearly
half a century a faithful friend
and ally of Home.

Hieronymus (1), 37, of Rhodes, a
disciple of Aristotle, nourishing
about 300 B.C., frequently men-
tioned by Cicero.

Hieronymus (2), king of Syracuse
.116-215 B.C., successor to Hiero
II., whose policy of friendship
with Koine he forsook for alliance
with Carthage.

537



DICTIONARY OF PROPER NAMES



Himera, 139, a Greek city on the
northern coast of Sicily.

Hippocrates, 469, 483, a Syracusan
by birth, but educated at Car-
thage. He served under Hanni-
bal in Spain and Italy. He per-
suaded Hieronymus, the young
king of Syracuse, to abandon the
Roman cause (216 B.C.).

Hydrieus the Carian, 37, otherwise
unknown.

Hypsaeus, 263, Publius Plautius H.,
tribune of the people in 54 B.C.,
and candidate for the consul-
ship. He was accused of corrupt
practices, tried, and convicted.
Pompey, whom he had devotedly
served, forsook him in the hour
of need.

Hyrcania, 207 f., a district of Asia
lying south of the Caspian
(Hyrcanian) Sea.



larbas (or Hiarbas), 143, a king of
Numidia, set on the throne by
Gnaeus Domitius, instead of
Hiempsal.

Iphicrates, 61, 343, a famous
Athenian general, who increased
the effectiveness of light-armed
troops and defeated a Spartan
division of heavy-armed men at
Corinth in 392 B.C. He was
prominent until about 348 B.C.

Isthmus, 175, the Isthmus of
Corinth.

Ithome, 399, see Messene.



Jason, 411, tyrant of Pherae in
Thessaly, and active in Greek
affairs from 377 to 370, the year
of his death. He was succeeded
by Alexander of Pherae.

Juba, 315, 525, Juba II., king of
Mauritania. He lived from 50
B.C. to about 20 A.D., was edu-
cated at Rome, and became a
learned and voluminous writer.
Among his works was a History
of Rome.



Labienus, 293, Titus L., tribune of
the people in 63 B.C., and devoted
to Caesar's interests. He was an
able and trusted legate of Caesar
through most of the Gallic wars,
but became jealous of his leader
and deserted him for Pompey in
49 B.C. After Pharsulus he fled
to Africa, and after the battle of
Thapsus (46 B.C.) to Spain, where
he was the immediate cause of
the defeat of the Pompeians at
Munda and was slain (45 B.C.).

Lacinium, 175, a promontory on the
east coast of Bruttium, in Italy,
some six miles south of Cro-
tona.

Larissa, 43 f., 307, 405, an impor-
tant town in N.E. Thessaly, on
the river Peneius.

Lauron, 159, a small town in the
S.E. part of Spain, south of
Valentia, near the sea.

Lentulus (1), 273, 325, Lucius
Cornelius L. Crus, consul in
49 B.C. with Claudius Marcellus,
and a bitter opponent of Caesar
(cf. the Caesar, xxx. 3). He
joined Pompey in the East, fled
with him from Pharsalus, and
was put to death in Egypt.

Lentulus (2), 307, see Spinther.

Leontini, 469, a city of Sicily
between Syracuse and Catana.

Lepidns, 151 if., 197, 327, Marcus
Aemilius L , father of the trium-
vir, praetor in Sicily in 81, consul
in 78 B.C.

Leucas, 175, an island in the Ionian
Sea, lying close to the coast of
Acarnania.

Leuctra, 79, 391, and often, a village
in Boeotia, south-west of Thebes,
between Tliespiae and Plataea.
for ever memorable as the scene
of the utter defeat of the Spartans
by the Thebans in 371 B.C.

Lindus, 521, an ancient and impor-
tant town on the east coast of the
island of Rhodes.

Locri Epizephyrii, 515, a celebrated
Greek city on the eastern coast of
Bruttium, in Itaiy, said to have
been founded in 760 B.O



533



DICTIONARY OF PROPER NAMES



Luca (or Lucca), 249, a city of
Liguria, N.E. of Pisa ; a frontier-
town of Caesar's province in good
communication with Rome.



M



Macaria, 391, daughter of Heracles
and Delaceira. She slew herself
in order to give the Athenians
victory over Eurystheus.

Maeotic Sea, 207, tne modern Sea of
Azov.

Magnesia, 421, 431, a district on the
eastern coast of Thessaly.

Mantinea, 85, 93 f., 99, 349, a
powerful city in the eastern part
of central Arcadia, in Pelopon-
nesus.

Marcellinus, 249 f., Gnaeus Corne-
lius Lentulus M., consul in 56 B.C.,
a friend and advocate of Cicero,
and persistently opposed to
Pompey, who was driven by his
hostility into alliance with Caesar.

Marcellus, 269 f., Caius Claudius M..
consul in 50 B.C., a friend of
Cicero and Pompey, and an un-
compromising foe of Caesar. But
after the outbreak of the civil war
he remained quietly and timidly
in Italy, and was finally par-
doned by Caesar. He is not to
be confounded with an uncle,
Marcus Claudius Marcellus, con-
sul in 51, or with a cousin, Caius
Claudius Marcellus, consul in
49 B.C.

Marcius, 445, Caius M. Figulus,
consul in 162 B.C., and again in
156 B.C.

Maximus, 521, Valerius M., com-
piler of a large collection of his-
torical anecdotes, in the time of
Augustus.

Megara, 483, 489, a Greek city on
the eastern coast of Sicily,
between Syracuse and Catana,
It was colonized from Megara in
Greece Proper.

Meliboea, 413, an ancient town on
the sea-coast of Thessaly.

Memmius, 141, Caius M., after this,
Pompey 's quaestor in Spain,
where he was killed in a battle
with Sertorius (Sertorius, xxi.).



Mendes, 107 f., a prominent city in
the north of Egypt.

Menecrates, 59, a Syracusan physi-
cian at the court of Philip of
Macedon 359-336 B.C. Accord-
ing to Aelian (Var. Hist. xii. 51),
it was from Philip that he gut
this answer.

Menoeceus, 391, son of Creon the
mythical king of Thebes. He
sacrificed himself in order to give
his city victory over the seven
Argive chieftains.

Meriones, 489, a Cretan hero of the
Trojan war, the companion and
friend of Idomeneus.

Messala, 257, Marcus Valerius M.,
secured his election to the consul-
ship in 53 B.C. by bribery, but
still had Cicero's support. In
the civil war he sided actively
with Caesar.

Messenia, Messene, 95, 99, 101, 331.
417 f., the south-western district
in Peloponnesus, in earliest times
conquered by the Spartans. Its
stronghold, Ithome, was included
in the capital city built by Epa-
minondas in 369 B.C. and named
Messene. The names Messenia
and Messeue are sometimes
interchanged.

Metellus (1), 121, (?) 187 f., Quintus
Caecilius M. Creticus, consul in
69 B.C., and from 68 to 66 B.C.
engaged in subduing Crete. On
his return to Rome the partisans
of Pompey prevented him from
celebrating a triumph, for which
he waited patiently outside of the
city until 62 B.C.

Metellus (2), 277 f., 333, Lucius
Caecilius M. Creticus, a nephew
of the preceding Metellus, is little
known apart from the incident
here narrated.

Metellus (3), 133. 157 ff. 197, Quin-
tus Metellus Pius, consul with
Sulla in 80 B.C., and one of his
most successful generals. After
Sulla's death in 78 B.C., Metellin
was sent as proconsul into Spain,
to prosecute the war against
Sertorius. He died about 63 B.C.

Minudus, 447, Marcus M. Rufus,
consul in 221 B.C., and in 217
Master of Horse to the dictator

539



DICTIONARY OF PROPER NAMES



Fabius Maximus (Fab. Max.

iv.-xiii.)- It is not known in

what year Minucius was dictator.
Mithras, 175, a Persian sun-deity,

whose worship subsequently

spread over the whole Roman

Empire.
Mitylene, 225, 309 f.. the chief city

of the island of Lesbos.
Mucia, 225 f., Pompey's third wife

(cf. the Pompey, ix.), and the

mother by him of Gnaeus and

Sextus Pompey.
Mutina, 155, an important city of

Cisalpine Gaul, south of the Po,

the modern Modena.



N



Nabataeans, 293, a people occupy-
ing the northern part of the
Arabian peninsula, between the
Euphrates and the Arabian Gulf.

Neapolis (1), an ancient city of
Campania, the modern Naples.

Neapolis (2), a portion of what
Plutarch calls the " outer city "
of Syracuse, lying between Epi-
polae and Achradina.

Nepos, 521, 525, Cornelius N., a
Roman biographer and historian,
contemporary and friend of
Cicero.

Nola, 459, 463 f., an important city
of Campania, about twenty miles
S.E. of Capua.



Oppius, 139, Caius O.,an intimate
friend of Caesar (cf. the Caesar,
xvii.), author (probably) of Lives
of Marius, Pompey, and Caesar.

Orchqmenus, 47 f., 377, 381 f., 523,
a city in northern Eoeotia, near
the Copaiic Lake.

Oricum, 285, a town on the coast of
Epirus, north of Apollonia.



Paeonia, 221, a district in Thrace,

north of Macedonia.
Paulus, 269, Lucius Aemilius P.,



consul in 50 B.C. with Claudius
Marcellus. He had been a violent
opponent of Caesar.

Pelusium, 317, a strong frontier-
town on the eastern branch of the
Nile.

Perpenna, 137, 159, 163 f., Marcus
P. Vento, a leading partisan of
Marius. On the death of Sulla
(78 B.C.) he joined Lepidus in his
attempt to win the supreme
power, and, failing here, retired
to Spain, where he served under
Sertorius.

Petelia, 515, an ancient city of
Bruttium, north of Crotona.

Petra, 221, the capital city of the
Nabataeans, about half way
between the Dead Sea and the
Arabian Gulf.

Pharnabazus, 21, 29, 33 f., 47, 63,
satrap of the Persian provinces
about the Hellespont from 412 to
393 B.C.

Pharsalus, Pharsalia, 45, 293, 301,
335, 409, 423, a city and plain in
southern Thessaly.

Pherae, 403, 407 f., 419, 433, a city
in south-eastern Thessaly.

Pherecydes, 391, possibly Phere-
cydes of Syros is meant, a semi-
mythical philosopher of the sixth
century B.C., about whose death
many fantastic tales were told.

Philippus, 119. 157, Lucius Marcius
P., consul in 91 B.C., and a distin-
guished orator, a supporter of
the popular party. He died
before Pompey's return from
Spain (71 B.C.).

Philistus, 429, the Syracusan, an
eye-witness of the events of the
Athenian siege of Syracuse (415-
413 B.C.), which he described
thirty years later in a history of
Sicily.

Phlins, Phliasians, 67, a city in N.E.
Peloponnesus, south of Sicyon.

Phthioiis, 419, 431, a district in S.E.
Thessaly.

Picenum, 443, a district in N.E.
Italy.

Piso ( J ), Caius Calpurnius P., consul
in 67 B.C., a violent aristocrat,
afterwards proconsul for the
province of Gallia Narbonensis,
which he plundered. He must



540



DICTIONARY OF PROPPUl NAMKS



have died before the outbreak of
dvil war.

PUo (2), Lucius C'alpurnnis P.
Cacsorinus, consul in 58 B.C.,
through Caesar's Influence, re-
called from his province of
Macedonia in 55 because of
extortions, consul again in 50 B.C.
at Caesar's request, and after
Caesar's death a supporter of
Antony.

Plancus, 263, Titus Minutius P.
Bursa, accused of fomenting the
disorders following the death of
Clodius (52 B.C.), found guilty
and exiled. Pompey, whose
ardent supporter he was, deserted
him in the hour of need. Caesar
restored him to civic rights soon
after 49 B.C.

Plataea, 377, 401, an ancient and
celebrated city in S.W. Boeotia,
near the confines of Attica, where
the Persians under Mardonius
were defeated by the allied
Greeks in 489 B.C.

Pollio, 305, Caius Asinius P., a
famous orator, poet, and histori-
rian, 76 B.C.-4 A.D. He was an
intimate friend of Caesar (cf. the
Caesar, xxxii. 5). fought under
him in Spain and Africa, and after
Caesar's death supported Octa-
vian. After 29 B.C. he devoted
himself entirely to literature, and
was a patron of Vergil and Horace.
None of his works have come
down to us.

Polybius, 381, of Megalopolis, in
Arcadia, the Greek historian of
the Punic Wars, born about
204 B.C., long resident in Rome,
and an intimate friend of the
younger Scipio, with whom he
was present at the destruction of
Carthage in 146 B.C.

Poseidonius, 225, 437, 459, 491, 521,
of Apameia, in Syria, a Stoic
philosopher, a pupil of Panaetius
at Athens, contemporary with
Cicero, who often speaks of him
and occasionally corresponded
with him.

Potheinus, 317, one of the guardians
of the young Ptolemy. He
plotted against Caesar when he
came to Alexandreia, and was put



to death by him (cf. the Caesar.
xlviii. f.).

Ptolemy, -105 f., assassinated King
Alexander II. of JIaoedon in
367 B.C., held the supreme power
for three years, and was then
himself assassinated by the young
king, Perdiccas III.

Publius, 261, 311, Publius Lidnius
Crassus Dives, son of Marcus
Crassus the triumvir. He was
Caesar's legate in Gaul 58-55 B.C.,
followed his father to the East in
54, and was killed by the Par-
thians near Carrhae (cf. the
Crassus, xxv.).



Roschis, 181, Lucius R. Otho. As
one of the tribunes of the people
in 67 B.C., he introduced the un-
popular law which gave the
knights speci.tl seats in the
theatre.

Rullus, 149, QuintiM Fabius Maxi-
mus R., five times consul, the
last time in 295 B.C., when he was
victorious over Gauls, Etruscans,
Samnites and Umbrians in the
great battle of Sent in um.

Rutilius, 213. Publius 11. Rufus,
consul in 105 B.C., unjustly exiled
in 92 B.C., retired to Smyrna,
where he wrote a history of his
own times.



S



Samothrace. 175, 521 , a large island
in the northern Aegean Sea, some
twenty miles off the coast of
Thrace, celebrated for its mys-
teries (cf. the Alexander, ii. 1).

Sardis, 25, the capital city of the
ancient kingdom of Lydia, and,
later, the residence of the Persian
satraps of Asia Minor.

Saturnalia, 205, a festival of Saturn,
held at this time on the nine-
teenth of December. See the
Sulla, xviii. 5.

Scipio (1), 149, 315, Publius Corn. -
lius S. Africanus Major, the con-
queror of Hannibal. His con-

541



DICTIONARY OF PROPER NAMES



quest of Spain occupied the years
210-202 B.C.

Scipip (2), Lucius Cornelius S.
Asiaticus, belonged to the Marian
party in the civil wars, and was
consul in 83 B.C., the year when
Sulla returned from the East.
Cf. the Sulla, xxviii. 1-3. He
was proscribed in 82, and fled to
Massilia, where he died.

Scipio (3), 261, 279, 289, 295, 327,
Publius Cornelius S. Nasica,
adopted by Metellus Pius and
therefore called Quintus Caecilius
Metellus Pius S., or Metellus
Scipio, was made Pompey's col-
league in the consulship late in
the year 52 B.C., and became a
determined foe of Caesar. He
was proconsul in Syria, joined
Pompey in 48 B.C., commanded
his centre at Pharsalus, fled to
Africa, and killed himself after
the battle of Thapsus (46 B.C.).
Though a Scipio by birth, a
Metellus by adoption, and a son-
in-law of Pompey, he was rapa-
cious and profligate.

Scipio (4), 445, Publius Cornelius
Scipio Nasica Corculum, cele-
brated as jurist and orator,
consul in 162 B.C. (when he
abdicated on account of faulty
auspices), and again in 155 B.C.

Scirophorion, 79, a month of the
Attic year comprising portions of
our May and June.

Scotussa, 293, 413. a town in central
Thessaly, N.E. of Pharsalus.

Scythia, 221, a general term for the
vast regions north of the Euxine
Sea.

Seleucia, 317, probably the Seleucia
in Syria on the river Orontes.

Sertorius, 155-167, 197, Quintus S.,
was born in a small Sabine village,
began his military career in
105 B.C., was a consistent oppo-
nent of the aristocracy, retired to
Spain in 82, where for ten years
and until his death he was the
last hope of the Marian party.
See Plutarch's Sertorius.

Servilius, 151, Publius Servilius
Vatia Isauricus, probably the
consul of 79 B.C., who obtained a
triumph over Cilicia in 74, and

542



died in 44 B.C. His son, of
same name, was consul with
Caesar in 48 B.C., though a
member of the aristocratic party.

Simonides, 3, of Ceos, the greatest



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