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Section XXXIV.

'"Duryodhana said, — After the fears of those throngs of tho
Pitris, the gods, and the Risltis had thus been dispelled by that
high souled Deity, Brahman, then offered his adorations unto
Cankara, and said these words for the benefit of the universe : l
— [Through thy favor, Lord of all, the Lordship of all crea-
tures is mine ! Occupying that rank, I have given a great
poon to the Dinavas !* It behoveth none else, save thee,



110 MAHABHARATA.

O Lord of the Past and the Future, to destroy those wickeJ
wights that show no regard for any one ! Thou, O god, art the
only person competent to slay the foes of these denizens of
heaven that have sought thy protection and that solicit thee !'

Lord of all the gods, show favor to these ! Slay the Dana-
vas, O wielder of the trident I 3 "* O giver of honors, let the
universe, through thy grace, obtain happiness ! Lord of all
the worlds, thou art the one whose shelter should be sought !
We all seek thy shelter !] s —

" ' — Sfchanu said, — [All your foes should be slain, I think !

1 do not, however, venture to slay them single-handed ! The
enemies of the gods are possessed of might ! 6 Therefore, all of
you, united together, consume those enemies of yours in battle,
with half my might ! Union is great strength !] 7 —

" ' — The gods said, — [Theirs is twice the energy and might
of ourselves, we think, for we have already seen their energy
and might '] 3 —

* " — The holy one said, — [Those sinful wights that have
offended against ye should be slain ! With half of my energy
and might, slay all those enemies of yours !] 9 —

' " — The gods said, — [We will not be able, Mahecwara, to
bear half of thy energy ! With, on the other hand, half of
our united might, do thou slay those foes !]'° —

"' — The holy one said, — [If, indeed, ye have not the ability
to bear half of my might, then, endued with half of your
united energy, I will slay them !] u — '

" 'Duryodhana continued, — The celestials then, addressing
that god of gods, said, — [So be it] — best of kings ! Taking
half of their energies from all of them, he became superior in
might. 12 Indeed, in might that god became superior to all in
the universe ! From that time Cankara came to be called
Mahxdeva.* 1 * And Mah&deva then said, — [Armed with bow
and shaft, I will, from my car, slay in battle those foes of
yours, ye denizens of heaven !'* Therefore, ye gods, see now to
my car and bow and shaft so that I may, this very day, throw

the Aswras down on the Earth !] 15 —

i i

* The great god.— T.



KARXA PARVA, I I I

«< — The gods said, — [Gathering all forms that may be found
in the three worlds and taking portions of each, we will, Lord
of the gods, construct a car of great energy for thee ! 16 It will
be a large car, the handiwork of Vigwakarman, designed with
intelligence !] — Saying this, those tigers among the gods began
the construction of that car. 17 And they made Vishnu and
S >ini and EEutaca the arrow for Cankara's use. Agni became
the staff, and Soma became the head, and Vishnu the point,
O king, of that foremost of arrows. 18 The goddess Earth, with
her large cities and towns, her mountains and forests and is-
lands, that home of diverse creatures, Avas made the car. 19
The Mandara mountain was made its axle ; and the great river
Ganga was made its Jangha ; and the points of the compass,
cardinal and subsidiary, became the ornaments of that car. 30
The constellations became its shaft ; the Krita age became its
yoke ; and that best of snakes, viz., Vasuki, became the
Kuvara of that car. 21 Himavat and Vindhya mountains be-
came its Apaskara and Adhishthana ; and the Udaya and the
Asta mountains were made the wheels of that car by those fore-
most ones among the gods. 22 The excellent Ocean, that abode
of the Dctnavas, they made its other axle. The seven Rishis
became the protectors of the wheels of that car. 23 Ganga, and
Saraswati and Sindhu and the Sky became its Dhura ; all the
other rivers and all the waters became the chords for binding
the several limbs of that car. 24 Day and Night and the other
divisions of time such as Kalas and Kasthas, and the Seasons
became its Anukarsha. The blazing planets and the stars
became its wooden fence. 26 Religion, Profit, and Pleasure,
united together, became its Trivenu. The herbs and the
creepers, decked with flowers and fruits, became its bells. 25
Making the Sun and the Moon equal, these were made the
(other two) wheels of that foremost of cars. Day and Night
were made its auspicious wings on the right and the left. 27
The ten foremost of snakes having Dhritarashtra for their first,
all exceedingly strong, formed the (other) shaft of that car.
The Sky was made its (other) yoke, and the Clouds called Sam-
Vartaka and Valdhaka were the leathern strings of the yoke.
The two Twilights, and Dhriti, and Medha, and Sthiti, and



112 MAHABHARATA.

Sannati* 2 * and the firmament bespangled with planets and
stars, were mado the skins for covering that car. Those Regents
of the world, viz., the lords of the gods : of the waters, of
the dead, and of treasures,-f- were made the steeds of that car. 39
Kalaprishtha, and Nahusha, and Karkotaka, and Dhananjaya,
and the other snakes became the chords fur binding the manes
of the steeds. 20 The cardinal and the subsidiary directions
became the reins of the steeds of that car. The Vcdic sound
VasJtat became the goad, and Gayatri became the string
attached to that goad. 81 The four auspicious days were made
the traces of the steeds, and the Pitris presiding over them
were made the hooks and pins4 8a ' Action and Truth and
ascetic Penances and Profit, were made the chords of that car.
The Mind became the ground upon which that car stood, and
Speech the tracks upon which it Avas to proceed. 33 Beautiful
banners of various hues waved on the air. With lightning and
Indra's bow attached to it, that blazing car gave fierce light. 8 *
That space of time which, on a former occasion, had, in the
Sacrifice of the high-souled Icana, been fixed as a Year, be-
came the bow, and the goddess Savitri became the loud- sound-
ing bowstring. 85 A celestial coat of mail was made, decked
with costly gems, and impenetrable and effulgent, sprung from
the wheel of Time. 86 That golden mountain, viz., the beautiful
Meru, became the flagstaff, and the clouds decked with flashes
of lightning became its banners. 87 Thus equipt, that car shone
brilliantly like a blazing fire in the midst of the priests officiat-
ing at a sacrifice. Beholding that car properly equipt, the
gods became filled with wonder. 88 Seeing the energies of the
entire universe united together in one place, O sire, the gods
wondered, and at last represented unto that illustrious Deity

* These are embodiments or personifications of courage, intelligence,
gravity, and humility. — T.

t 1. e, Indra, Varuna, Yama, and Kuvera. — T.

\ The four auspicious days mentioned here are (1) the day of new
moon, with a portion of the previous lunar day running into it, (2) the
day of full moon, with a portion of the previous lunar day running
into it, (3) the day of new moon by itself, and the day of full moon
by itself.— T.



KARNA PAKYA. I 13

that the car was ready." After, monarch, that best of cars
had thus boon constructed by the gods, tiger among men,
for grinding their foes, 40 Cankara placed upon it his own celes-
tial weapons. Making the sky its flagstaff, he placed upon it
his bovine bull. 41 The Brahmana'a rod, the rod of Death,
Rudra's rod, and Fever became the protectors of the sides of
that car and stood with faces turned towards all sides. 48 Athar-
van and Angiras became the protectors of the car-wheels of
that illustrious warrior. The Rigveda, the Sdmaveda, and
the Purdnas, stood in advance of that car. 43 The histories
and the Yajicrvcda became the protectors of the rear. All
sacred Speeches and all the Sciences stood around it, 44 and
all hymns, monarch, and the Vedic sound of Vashat also.
And the syllable Om, king, standing in the van of that car,
made it exceeding beautiful. 45 Having made the Year adorned
with the six seasons his bow, he made his own shadow the
irrefragable string of that bow in that battle. 46 The illustrious
Rudra is Death's self ; the Year became his bow ; the Death-
night, therefore, which is Rudra's shadow, became the indes-
tructible string of that bow, 47 Vishnu and Agni and Soma
became (as already said) the arrow. The universe is said to
consist of Agni and Soma. The universe is similarly said to
consist of Vishnu. 48 Vishnu is, again, the Soul of the holy
Bhava of immeasurable energy. For this the touch of that
bowstring became unbearable to the Asuras.* 3 And the lord
Cankara cast on that arrow his own irresistible and fierce
wrath, the unbearable fire of anger, viz., that which was born of
wrath of Bhrigu and Angiras. 50 Then He called Blue and
Red, or Smoke, — that terrible Deity robed in skins, — looking
like ten thousand Suns, and shrouded by the fire of superabun-
dant Energy, blazed up with splendour. 51 That discomfittcr
of even him that is difficult of being discomfittcd, that victor,
that slayer of all haters of Brahma, called also Hara, that
rescuer of the righteous and destroyer of the unrighteous, 5 * viz.,
the illustrious Sthanu, accompanied by many beings of terrible
might and terrible forms that were endued with the speed of
the mind and capable of agitating and crushing (all foes), as if
with al! the fourteen faculties of the soul awake about him
15



1H MAirABUARATA.

looked exceedingly resplendent.' 3 Having his limbs for their
refuse, this entire universe of mobile and immobile creatures
that were present thero, O king, looked beautiful, presenting a
highly wonderful appearance.* 4 Beholding that car, duly equipt,
he cased himself in mail and armed himself with the bow, and
took up that celestial shaft born of Soma and Vishnu and Agni. w
The o-ods, king, then commanded that foremost of celestials,
viz., Wind, to breathe after that puissant Deity all the frag-
rance that he carries. 56 Then Mahadeva, terrifying the very
gods, and making the very Earth tremble, ascended that car
resolutely. 57 Then the great Rishis, the Gandharvas, those
throngs of gods and those diverse tribes of Apsaras, began to
praise that Lord of the gods while he was about to ascend that
oar. 53 Adored by the regenerate Rishis, and praised by the
eulogists and diverse tribes of dancing Apsaras well- versed in
the art of dancing, 59 that boon-giving lord, armed with scimitar
and arrow and bow, looked very beautiful. Smiling, he then
asked the gods,— [Who will become my driver ?] 60 — The gods
answered him, saying,— [He whom thou wilt appoint, will,
Lord of the gods, without doubt, become thy driver !]"— Unto
them the god replied,— [Reflecting yourselves, without delay
make him my driver who is superior to me !] 62 — Hearing these
words uttered by that high-souled Deity, the gods repaired unto
the Grandsire and inclining him to grace, said these words : 68 —
[We have accomplished everything, holy one, that thou hadsfc
ordered us to do in the matter of afflicting the foes of the
celestials ! The Deity having the bull for his mark has been
^ratified with us ! 64 A car hath been constructed by us, equipt
with many wonderful weapons ! We do not, however, know
who is to become the driver of that foremost of cars ! 6S There-
fore, let some foremost one among the gods be appointed as the
driver ! holy one, it behoveth thee to make true those words
that thou, lord, hadst then said to us ! G6 Before this, god,
thou hadst even said to us that thou wouldst do us good !
It behoveth thee to accomplish that promise ! G7 That irresis-
tible and best of cars, that router of our foes, hath been
constructed out of the component parts of the celestials ! The
Deity armed with Finika hath been made the warrior who is



EARN A PARVA, OS

to- stand on it ! Striking the Ddnavas with fear, he i.s pre-
pared for battle. 68 The four Vcdas have become the four
foremost of steeds. With her mountains, the Earth has be-
come the car of that high souled one. The stars have become
the adornments of that vehicle. (As already said) Hara is
the warrior ! We do not, however, see who is to become the
driver ! 69 A driver should be sought for that car who is
superior to all these ! Equal to thee in importance is that car,
O god, and Hara is the warrior ! Armour, and weapons, and
bow, — these, — we have got already, Grandsire ! 7 ° Except
thee, we do not behold any person that can make its driver !
Thou art endued with every accomplishment ! Thou, O lord,
art superior to all the gods ! 71 Mounting upon that car with
speed, hold the reins of those foremost of steeds, for the vic-
tory of the celestials and the destruction of their foes !] 79 — It
has been heard by us that bowing with their heads unto the
Grandsire, that Lord of the three worlds, the gods sought to
gratify him for inducing him to accept the drivership. 7S —

"' — The Grandsire said, — [There is nothing of untruth in
all this that ye have said, ye denizens of heaven. I will hold
the reins of the steeds for Kaparddin while he will be engaged
in fight !] 7 * — Then that illustrious god, that Creator of the
worlds, the Grandsire. was appointed by the gods as the
driver of the high-souled Iciina. 78 And when he was about
to ascend quickly upon that car worshipped by all, those steeds,
endued with the speed of the wind, bowed themselves with
their heads to the Earth. 76 Having ascended the car, the
illustrious Deity, viz., the Grandsire, resplendent with his own
energy, took the reins and the goad. 77 Then the illustrious
god, raising those steeds, addressed that foremost one among
the gods, viz., Sthanu, saying, — [Ascend !] 78 — Then, taking that
arrow composed of Vishnu and Soma and Agni, Sthanu ascend-
ed the car, causing the foe to tremble by means of his bow. 79
The great Rishis, the Gandharvas, the throngs of gods, and
the diverse tribes of Apsaras, then praised that Lord of the
gods after he had ascended the car. 80 Resplendent with beauty,
the boon-giving Lord, armed with scimitar, shaft, and bow.
stayed on the car, causine the three worlds to blaze fort!



110 MAHABHA11ATA.

with his own energy. 81 The great Deity once more said unto
the gods headed by Indra, — [Ye should never grieve, doubting
my ability to destroy the Asuras? 2 Know that the Asuras
have already been slain by means of this arrow !] — The godg
then answered, saying, — [It is true ! The Asuras have already
been slain !] 83 — Indeed, the gods, thinking that the words
which the divine Lord had said could not be untrue, became
exceedingly gratified. 3 * Then that Lord of the gods proceeded,
surrounded by all the gods, upon that large car, O king, which
had nothing to compare with it. 8s And the illustrious Deity
was adored the while by the attendants that always wait upon
him, and by others that subsisted on meat, that were invin-
cible in battle, and that danced in joy on the present occasion,
running wildly on all sides and shouting at one another. 88
Rishis also, of great good fortune, possessed of ascetic merit,
and endued with high qualities, as also the gods, wished for
Mahadeva's success. 87 When that boon-giving Lord, that dis-
pel ler of the fears of the three worlds, thus proceeded, the
entire universe, with all the gods, O best of men, became ex-
ceedingly gratified. 88 And the Rishis there adored that Lord
of the gods with diverse hymns, and enhancing his energy.
O kino 1 , took up their station there. 89 And millions upon
millions of Gandharuas played upon diverse kinds of musical
instruments at the hour of his setting out. 90 When the boon- '
giving Brahman, having ascended the car, set out for the

Asuras, the Lord of the universe, smiling the while, said,

[Excellent, Excellent ! D1 Proceed, O god, to the spot where
the Daily as are ! Urge the steeds wakefully ! Behold today
the might of my arms while I slay the foe in battle '] Dii Thus ■
addressed, Brahman urged those steeds endued with the Heet-
ness of the wind or thought towards that spot where the triple
city, king, stood, protected by the Daityas and the Dana- ■
vas.™ With those steeds worshipped by all the worlds, and '
which coursed with such speed that they seemed to devour the '
skies, the illustrious god quickly proceeded for the victory of
the denizens of heaven. 94 Indeed, when Bhava, riding on that '
car, set out towards the triple city, his bull uttered tremendous
roars, filling all the points of the compas;.'' 8 Hearing that.;



KA11NA PAllVA, 1 I 7

loud and terrible roar of the bull, many of the descendants and
followers of Tfiraka, those enemies of the gods, breathed their
last. 9 ' Others amongst them stood, facing the foe, for battle.
Then Stimuli, king, armed with trident, became deprived of
his senses in wrath. 97 All creatures became frightened, and
the three worlds began to tremble. Frightful portents appeared
when he was on the point of aiming that shaft. 98 In conse-
quence, however, of the pressure caused by the weight of Soma,
Agni, and Vishnu that were in that shaft, as also of the
pressure caused by that of Brahman and Rudra and the lattcr'a
bow, that car seemed to sink. 99 Then Niirayana, issuing out
of the point of that shaft, assumed the form of a bull and
raised that large car. 100 During the time the car had sunk
and the foe had began to roar, the illustrious Deity, endued
with great might, began, from rage, to utter loud shouts, 191
standing, giver of honors, on the head of his bull and the
back of his steeds. At that time the illustrious Rudra was
employed in eyeing the Ddnava city. 102 While in that pos-
ture, O best of men, Rudra cut oft" the teats of the horses
and clove the hoofs of the bull. 103 Blessed be thou, from
that date, the hoofs of all animals of the bovine species came
to be cloven. And from that time, king, horses, afflicted
by the mighty Rudra of wonderful deeds, came to be with-
out teats. 10 * Then Sarva, having stringed his bow and
aimed that shaft with which he had united the Pdpupata
•weapon, waited, thinking of the triple city. 103 And, king,
as Rudra thus stood, holding his bow, the three cities, during
that time, became united. 105 When the three cities, losing
their separate characters, became united, tumultous became the
joy of the high-souled gods. 107 Then all the gods, the Siddhas,
and the great Rlshis, uttered the word Jaya, adoring Mahe-
ewara.' 08 The triple city then appeared immediately before
that god of unbearable energy, that the deity of fierce and
indescribable form, that warrior who was desirous of slaying the
Aswaa. 109 That illustrious deity, that Lord of the universe,:
then, drawing that 'celestial bow, sped that shaft which re-
presented the might of the whole universe, at the triple city. 110
Upon that foremost of shafts, O thou of great good fortui



IIS MAHABITARATA,

being: shot, loud wails of woe were heard from those cities as"
they began to fall down towards the Earth. Burning those
Asuras, he threw them down into the Western ocean. 111 Thus
was the triple city burnt and thus were the Bdnavas exter-
minated by Mahecwara in wrath, from desire of doing good to-
the three worlds. 112 The fire born of his own wrath, the three-
eyed god quenched, 9aying, — [Do not, 0, reduce the three
worlds to ashes !] us — After this, the gods, the Rishis, and the
three worlds, became all restored to their natural dispositions,
and gratified Sthanu of unrivalled energy with words of high
import. 114 Receiving then the permission of the great god, the
gods with the Creator at their head went away to the places
they came from, their object accomplished after such effort. 11 '
Thus did that illustrious Deity, that Creator of the worlds, that
Lord of both the Gods and the Asuras, viz., Mahecwara, did
that which was for the good of all the worlds. 116 As the illustri-
ous Brahman, the Creator of the worlds, the Grandsire, the
Supreme Deity ef unfading glory, acted as the driver of Rudra, 117
so do thou restrain the steeds of the high-souled son of Radha
like the Grandsire restraining those of Rudra I 118 There is not
the slightest doubt, O tiger among kings, that thou art superior
to Krishna, to Kama, and to Phalguna ! u9 In battle, Kama is
like Rudra, and thou art like Brahman in policy. United, ye
two, therefore, are competent to vanquish my foes that are even>
like the Asuras. 120 Let, Calya, that be speedily done today
by which this Kama, grinding the Pandava troops, may be able
to slay Kunti's son owning white steeds and having Krishna
for the driver of his car ! m Upon thee depend Kama, our-
selves, our kingdom, and (our) victory in battle ! Hold the
reins, therefore, of the excellent steeds (of Kama) ! m There
is another story which I will narrate. Listen once more to it I
A virtuous Brahmana had recited it in the presence of my
father. 1 " Hearing those delightful words fraught with the
reasons and purposes of acts, do, Calya, what thou mayst
settle, without entertaining any scruples ! 124 In the race of
the Bhrigus was Jamadagni of severe ascetic penances. He
had a son endued with energy and every virtue, who became
celebrated by the name of Rama. 1 " Practising the austerest



KARNA I'ARVA, l{[)

finances, of cheerful soul, bound to observances and vows,
and keeping his senses under control, he gratified the god Bhava
for obtaining weapons. 1 " In consequence of his devotion and
tranquillity of heart, Mahadeva became gratified with him.
And Cankara, understanding the desire cherished in his heart,
showed himself unto Rama. 1 * 7 And Mahadeva said, — [0 Rama,
I am gratified with thee ! Blessed be thou, thy desire is
known to me ! Make thy soul pure! Thou wilt then have
all that you desire ! l2S I will give thee all weapons when thou
wilt become pure. Those weapons, O son of Bhrigu, burn a
person that is incompetent and that is not deserving of
them !] 1S9 — Thus addressed by that god of gods, that deity
bearing the trident, the son of Jamadagni, bending his head
unto that puissant and high-soulod one, said, 180 — [0 god of
gods, it behoveth thee to give those weapons unto me that;
am always devoted to thy service, when, indeed, thou wilt re-
gard me fit for holding them !] 181 —

'•'Duryodhana continued, — With penances then, and res-
training his senses, and observances of vows, and worship and
offerings and with sacrifices and Homa performed with mantras,
Rama adored Sarva for many long years. 138 At last Mahadeva,
pleased with the high-souled son of Bhrigu's race, described
him, in the presence of his divine spouse, as possessed of many
virtues : 188 — [This Rama, of firm vows, is ever devoted to me !]
— Gratified with him, the Lord Cankara thus repeatedly pro-
claimed his virtues in the presence of the gods and the Risltis,
slayer of foes! 134 Meanwhile, the JDaityas became very
mighty. Blinded by pride and folly, they afflicted the denizens
df heaven. 13 ' The gods then, uniting together, and firmly
resolved to slay them, strove earnestly for the destruction of
those foes. They, however, failed to vanquish them. 13 * The
gods then, repairing to Mahecwara the lord of Uma, began
to gratify him with devotion, saying,— [Slay our foes !]'" —
That god, having promised the destruction of their foes unto
the celestials, summoned Rama the descendant of Bhrigu.
And Cankara addressed Rama, saying, 1 3i —[0 descendant of
Bhrigu, slay all the assembled foes of the gods, from desire of
doing good unto all the worlds as also for my satisfaction I]"*—



120 MAHABHARATA.

Thus addressed, Rama replied unto that boon-giving Lord of
Three-eyes, saying,— [What strength have I, O chief of tho
gods, destitute as I am of weapons, to slay in battle the assem-
bled DcLnavas that are accomplished in weapons and invincible
in fight?]' 40 — Mahecwara said,— [Go thou at my command!
Thou shalt slay those foes ! Having vanquished all those ene-
mies, thou shalt acquire numerous merits !] 141 — Hearing these
words and accepting them all, Rama, causing propitiatory rites
to be performed for his success, proceeded against the Dana-
wis. 144 Addressing those enemies of the gods that were endued
with might and possessed with folly and pride, he said, — [Ye
Daityas that are fierce in battle, give me battle ! 143 I have
been sent by the God of gods to vanquish you !] — Thus address-



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