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Kama, seems to tremble, cut deep by the circumference of
Arjuna's wheels ! 41 These violent winds are blowing on both
sides of thy army ! These carnivorous creatures are yelling
aloud, and these animals are uttering fearful cries !*" Behold,
Kama, the terrible and portentuous Ketu of vapoury form,
making the hair to stand on end, hath appeared, covering the
Sun !f ts Behold, diverse kinds of animals, all around in Jargo

* Work must be followed by fruit. — T.

t The malignant planet know by that uame,-— T.


packs, and many mighty wolves and tigers, are looking a§
the Sun ! 44 Behold those terrible Kankas and those vultures,
assembled together in thousands, sitting with faces towards one
another, in seeming discourse ! 4S Those colored yak-tails at-
tached to thy great car are waving unquietly !* Thy standard
also is trembling ! 4S Behold, these thy beautiful steeds, of
huge limbs, and great speed resembling that of soaring birds, are
also quivering !*' From these portents, it is certain that kings,
in hundreds and thousands, Kama, deprived of life, will lie
down on the ground for eternal sleep ! 43 The loud uproar of
conchs, making the hair to stand on end, is being heard !
The sound also of drums and cymbals, O son of Radha,
is being heard on all sides, 49 as also the whizz of diverse
kinds of arrows, and the din made by cars and steeds and men !
Listen also, O Kama, to the loud twang produced by the
bow-strings of high-souled warriors ! 50 Behold, O Kama, those
banners of Arjuna, that are equipt with rows of bells, and
decked with golden moons and stars ! Made by skilful artists
out of cloths embroidered with gold and of diverse hues, they
are blazing with resplendence on Arjuna's car as they are shaken
by the wind, like flashes of lightning in a mass of clouds ! 51 " w
Behold those (other) banners producing sharp sounds as they
wave in the air ! Those car-warriors of the high-souled Pancha-
las, with flag-decked standards on their vehicles, are looking res-
plendent, O Kama, like the very gods on their celestial cars ! §i
Behold the heroic son of Kunti, the unvanquished Vibhatsu,
with that foremost of apes on his standard, advancing for the
destruction of the foe ! 54 There, on the top of Partha's stand-
ard, is to be seen that terrible ape, that enhancer of the fears of
foes, attracting the gaze (of warriors) from every side !" The
discus, the mace, the bow called garnga and the conch (called
Pdnchajannya) of the intelligent Krishna, as also his gem
'Kaustubha, look exceedingly beautiful in him ! ss The wielder
of parnga and the mace, viz., Vasudeva, of great energy,
cometh, urging those white steeds endued with the fleetness
of tho wind ! 87 Yonder twangs Gandivct, drawn by Savya-

* Another reading is, "are blazing "— T.


Sachin ! Those whected shafts, sped by that strong-ramed
horo, arc destroying his enemies \ hi The Earth is strewn
with the heads of unretreating kings, with faces beauti-
ful as the moon at full, and docked with large and expansive
eyes of coppery hue ! 59 There the arras, looking like spiked
maces, with weapons in grasp, and smeared with excellent
perfumes, of warriors delighting in battle and contending with
uplifted weapons, are falling ! 60 Steeds with eyes, tongues,
and entrails drawn out, along with their riders, are falling and
fallen and deprived of life lie prostrate on the Earth !*' Those
lifeless elephants, huge as mountain summits, torn, mangled,
and pierced by Partha, are falling down like veritable hills! 82
Those cars, looking like the changeful forms of vapour in the
sky, with their royal riders slain, are falling down like the
celestial cars of the denizens of heaven upon the exhaustion of
the latters' merits ! 63 Behold, the army is exceedingly agitated
by the diadem-decked Arjuna, like herds of countless cattle
by a maned lion! 5 * There the Piindava heroes, advancing
for the attack, are slaying kings and large numbers of ele-
phants and steeds and car-warriors and foot-soldiers of thy
army engaged in battle ! 68 There, Partha, shrouded (by friends
and foes and weapons and dust) is not to be seen, like the Sun
shrouded by clouds ! Only the top of his standard may be
seen and the twang of his bowstring may be heard ! 66 Thou
art sure, Kama, to behold today that hero of white steeds
and with Krishna for his driver, engaged in slaughtering his
foes in battle ! Thou art sure of beholding him about whom
thou hadst been enquiring ! 67 Today, O Kama, thou art sure
to behold those two tigers among men, both of red eyes, both
chastisers of foes, viz., Vasudeva and Arjuna, stationed on the
same car ! 88 If, son of Radhii, thou succeedest in slaying
him that hath Kecava for his driver and Gdndivd for his bow,
then thou shalt be our king ! SD Challenged by the Samscrpta-
kas, Partha now proceedeth against them ! That mighty war-
rior is engaged in making a great slaughter of his foes in
battle ! 70 — Unto the ruler of the Madras who was saying so,
Kama, in rage, said, — Behold, Partha is assailed on all sides
by the angry ScmsaptvJcas ! n Like the Sun shrouded by the


clouds, Partha is no longer visible ! Plunged into that ocean
of warriors, O Calya, Arjuna is sure to perish ! 72 —

a 'Calya said, — Who is there that would slay Varuna with
water, or quench fire with fuel ? Who is there that would
seize the wind, or drink off the ocean ? 78 I regard the act of
afflicting Partha to be even such ! Arjuna is incapable of
being vanquished in battle by the very gods and the Asuras
united together and having Indra himself at their head ? 74
Or, suffer thyself to be gratified, and be of easy mind, having
said those words (about thy capacity to slay Partha) ! Par-
tha cannot be conquered in battle ! Accomplish some other
purpose thou mayst have in thy mind. 75 He that would
uplift this Earth on his two arms, or burn all creatures in
wrath, or hurl the gods from heaven, may vanquish Arjuna in
battle ! 76 Behold that other heroic son of Kunti, viz., Bhima,
who is never fatigued with exertion, blazing with resplendence,
mighty-armed, and standing like another Meru ! 77 With wrath
ever kindled, and longing for revenge, Bhima of great energy
stands there, desirous of victory in battle, and remembering
all his injuries ! 78 There that foremost of virtuous men, viz.,
king Yudhisthira the just, that subjugator of hostile towns,
stands, difficult of being resisted by foes in battle ! 79 There
stand those two tigers among men, the twin Acwins, the two
uterine brothers Nakula and Sahadeva, both invincible in
battle ! 30 Yonder may be seen the five sons of Krishna, that
have the features of Panchala princes ! All of them, equal to
Arjuna in battle, are standing, desirous of fight ! 81 There the
sons of Drupada, headed by Dhrishtadyumna, swelling with
pride and energy, — heroes endued with great energy, — have
taken up their stand ! 32 There, that foremost one among the
Satwatas, viz., Satyaki, irresistible like Indra, advanceth
against us, from desire of fight, like the Destroyer himself in
wrath before our eyes ! 83 — While those two lions among men
were thus addressing each other, the two armies mingled
fiercely in battle, like the currents of Ganga and Yamuna.' " 8 *

Section XLVII.

"Dhritarashtra said, — When the two armies, duly arrayed,
thus mingled with each other for battle, O Sanjaya, how did
Partha assail the Samsaptakas, and how Kama, tho Panda-
vas ? l Tell me the incidents of the battle in detail, for thou
art skilled in narration ! Listening to the accounts of the
prowess of heroes in battle, I am never satiated !' 9

"Sanjaya said, — 'Observing the vast hostile force stationed
in that manner, Arjuna arrayed his troops in proper form, in
consequence of the evil policy of thy son. 3 The vast Piindava
force then, teeming with horsemen and elephants and foot-
soldiers and cars, and headed by Dhrishtadyumna, looked ex-
ceedingly magnificient. 4 With his steeds white as pigeons,
the son of Prishata, equal in splendour to the Sun or the Moon,
armed with bow, looked resplendent like Death himself in em-
bodied form. 5 The sons of Draupadi, desirous of battle, stood
by the side of Parshata. They were clad in excellent coats of
mail, and armed with excellent weapons, and all of them were
endued with the prowess of tigers. Possessed of effulgent
bodies, they followed their maternal uncle like the stars appear-
ing with the Moon. 6 Beholding the Samsaptakas standing in
array, Arjuna. with wrath excited, rushed against them, draw-
ing his bow Gcindlva. 7 The Samsaptakas then, desirous of
slaying Arjuna, rushed against Partha, firmly resolved on
victory, and making death their goal. 8 That brave host of
heroes, teeming with men, steeds, infuriate elephants, and
cars, began very quickly to afflict Arjuna. 9 Their encounter
with Kiritin became exceedingly furious. That encounter
resembled the one that took place between Arjuna and the
Nivatakavachas as we have heard. 10 Partha cut off ears
and steeds and standards and elephants and foot-soldiers en-
gaged in fight, and shafts and bows and swords and disci and
battle-axes, and uplifted arms with weapons in grasp, nod
the heads also of foes, by thousands upon thousands."" 12
The Samsaptakas, regarding the car of Partha sunk in that
deep vortex of warriors, uttered loud roars. 13 Partha, how-
ever, slaying all his foes in front, slew those that stood further


off, and then those that were on his right am] his back, like
Rudra himself in rage slaughtering all created things endued
with life. 11 The encounter that took place between the Pancha-
las, the Chedis, and the Srinjayas, with thy troops, was
exceedingly fierce. 15 Kripa, and Kritavarman, and Cakuni the
son of Suvala, — those heroes difficult of defeat in battle, — accom-
panied by troops that were all cheerful, themselves filled with
rage, and capable of smiting down thick ranks of cars, fought
with the Kocalas, the Kacis, the Matsyas, the Karushas, the
Kaikayas, and the Curasena*, all of whom were possessed of
great courage. 16 " 17 That battle, fraught with great slaughter,
and destructive of body, life, and sins, became conducive to fame,
heaven, and virtue, in respect of the Kshatriya, the Vaic,ya,
and the Cudra heroes that engaged in it. 18 Meanwhile the Kuru
king Duryodhana, with his brothers, O bull of Bharata's race,
and supported by many Kuru heroes and many mighty Madraka
car-warriors, protected Kama while the latter was engaged in
battle with the Pandavas, the Panchalas, the Chedis, and
Satyaki. 13 " 20 Destroying that vast division with his sharp
arrows, and causing many foremost of car- warriors, Kama suc-
ceeded in afflicting Yudhishthira. 21 Cutting off the armour,
the weapons, and the bodies of thousands of foes and slaying
his foes by thousands, and sending them to heaven and making
them earn great fame, Kama caused his friends great joy. 28
Thus, O sire, that battle, destructive of men, steeds, and cars,
between the Kurus and the Srinjayas, resembled the battle be-
tween the gods and the Asuras of old.' '" 8S

Section XLVIII.

"Dhritarashtra said, — Tell me, Sanjaya, how Kama, hav-
ing caused a great slaughter after penetrating into the midst of;
the Pandava troops, struck and afflicted king Yudhishthira. 1 ,
Who were those foremost of heroes among the Parthas that,
resisted Kama ? Who were they whom Kama crushed before
the son of Adhiratha could succeed in afflicting Yudhishthira ?' 8 J

"Sanjaya said,— 'Beholding the Parthas headed by Dhrishta-,
dyumna stationed for battle, that crusher of foes, viz. ; Kama,


lushed impetuously against the Panchalas.* Like swan rush-
ing towards the sea, the Panchalas, longing fur victor} 7 , rushed
as quickly against that high-souled warrior advancing to tin
encounter.* Then the blare of thousands of conchs, us if

piercing the heart by its shrillness, arose from both hosts, and
the fierce peal also of thousands of drums.* The sound also of
diverse musical instruments and the noise made by elephants
and steeds and ears, and the leonine shouta of heroes, that arose
there, became exceedingly awful* It seemed that the who
Earth with her mountains and trees and oceans, the entire
welkin covered with wind tossed clouds, and the whole firma-
ment with the Sun, the Moon, and the stars, trembled with
that sound. 7 Even such all creatures regarded that noise to be
and became agitated. Those amongst them that were endued
with little strength fell dead. 8 Then Kama, excited with crrcat
wrath, quickly invoking his weapons, began to smite the Pan-
dava army like Maghavat smiting the army of the Asuras*
Penetrating then into the Piindava host and shooting his
arrows, Kama slew seven and seventy foremost of warriors
among the Prabhadrakas." Then that foremost of car- warriors,
with five and twenty sharp shafts equipt with goodly wings,
slew five and twenty Panchalas." With many cloth-yard shafts
equipt with wings of gold and capable of piercing the bodies
of all foes, that hero slew the Chedis by hundreds and thou-
sands." While he was employed in achieving those super-
human feats in battle, large timings of Panchala cars, () king,
quickly surrounded him on all sides. 13 Aiming then, O Bha-
rata, five irresistible shafts, Kama, otherwise failed Vaikarlana
or Vrisha, slew five Panchala warriors.'* Tim five Panchalas,
O Bharata, that he slew in that battle were Bhanudeva and
Chitrasena and Senavindu and Tapana and Curasena. 1 * While
the Panchala heroes were thus being slaughtered with arrows
in that great battle, loud cries of Oh and A/<>.-< arose from
among the Panchala host. 14 Then ten car- warriors among the
Panchalas, monarch, surrounded Kama. Them too, Kama
speedily slew with his shafts. 17 The two protectors <>f Kama's
car-wheels, viz., his two invincible son.-, O sire, that were
named Sushena and Satyasena, began lu fight, reckless of


their very lives. 18 The eldest son of Kama, viz., the mighty
car-warrior Vrishasena, himself protected his father's rear. 19
Then Dhrishtadyumna, and Satyaki, and tlie five sons of
Draupadi, and Vrikodara, and Janamejaya, and Cikhandin,
and many foremoss warriors among the Prabhadrakas," and
many amongst the Chedis, the Kaikayas, and the Panchalas,
the twins (Nakufa and Sahadeva), and the Mafcsyas, all clad
in mail, rushed fiercely upon Biidha's son skilled in smit-
ing, from desire of slaying him. 21 Pouring upon him diverse
kinds of weapons and thick showers of arrows, they began to
afflict him, like the clouds afflicting the mountain-breast in the
season of rains. 22 Desirous of rescuing their father, the sons
of Kama, all of whom were effectual smiters, and many other
heroes, O king, of thy army, resisted those (Pandava) heroes. 23
Sushena, cutting off with a broad headed arrow the bow of
Bhimasena, pierced Bhima himself with seven cloth-yard shafts
in the chest, and uttered a loud roar. 2 * Then Vrikodara of
terrible prowess, taking up another tough bow and stringing
it quickly, cut aff Sushena's bow. 25 Excited with rage and as if
dancing (on his car), he quickly pierced Sushena himself
with ten arrows, and then pierced Kama, within the twinkling
of an eye, with seventy sharp shafts. 25 With ten other shafts,
Bhima then felled Bhanusena, another son of Kama, with his
steeds, driver, weapons, and standard, in the very sight of the
latter's friends. 27 The sightly head of that youth, graced with
a face as beautiful as the Moon, cut off with a razor-headed
arrow, looked like a lotus plucked from its stalk. 28 Having
slain Kama's son, Bhima began to afflict thy troops once more.
Cutin^ off the bows then of Kripa and Hridika's son, he began
to afflict those two also. 29 Piercing Dusqasana with three
arrows made wholly of iron, and Cakuni with six, he deprived
both Uluka and (his brother) Patatri of their cars. ?0 Address-
ing Sushena next in these words, viz., — Thou art slain !
— Bhima took up an arrow. Kama, however, cut off that
arrow and struck Bhima himself with three shafts. 81 Then
Bhima took up another straight arrow of great impetuosity
•and sped it at Sushena. But Vrisha cut that arrow also
Then Kar na, desirous of rescuing his son, and wishing to make



an end of the cruel Bhimasena, struck the latter with thrle
and seventy fierce arrows. 88 Then Suahena, taking up an ex-
cellent bow capable of bearing a great strain pierc<
with five arrows in the arms and the che
piercing his antagonist with twenty strong ■
bearing a great strain, uttered a loud roar and ins
with fright. 85 The mighty car-warrior SusUena, however,
king, piercing Nakula with ten shafts, quickly cut ell' the
Iatter's bow with a razor-headed arrow. 86 Then Nakula, in-
sensate with rage, took up another bow, and resisted Su-
shena in that battle with nine shafts. 87 That slayer of hostile
heroes, O king, shrouding all the quarters with showers of
arrows, slew Sushena's driver, and piercing Sushena himself
a^ain with three shafts, and then with three other broad- head-
ed arrows, cut off his bow of great strength into three frag-
ments. 8 * Sushena also, deprived of his senses in rage, took up
another bow and pierced Nakula with sixty arrows and Saha-
deva with seven." The battle raged fiercely, like that of the
gods and the Asuras, between those heroes striking >ne an-
other. 40 Satyaki, slaying the driver of Vrishasena with three
arrows, cut off the Iatter's bow with a broad headed shaft and
struck his steeds with seven arrows. 41 Crushing his standard
then with another arrow, he struck Vrishasena himself with
three arrows in the chest. Thus struck, Vrishasena became
senseless on his car, but within the twinkling of an eye,
stood up again." Deprived of his driver and steeds and car
and standard by Yuyudhana, Vrishasena then, armed with
sword and shield, rushed against Yuyudhana from desire of
slaving him. 43 Satyaki, however, as his antagonist rushed
towards him, struck at his sword and shield with ten arrows
equipfc with heads like a boar's e u\ 44 Then Duscasana, behold-
ing Vrishasena made earless and weap niless, quickly caused
him to ascend his own car, and bearing him away from the spot,
caused him to ride another vehicle. 4 ' The mighty car warrior
Vrishasena then, riding on another vehicle, pierced the fivfl
sons of Draup.idi with seventy and Yuyudhana with fiv^ 4 '
and Bhimasena with four and sixty, and Sahadeva with five,
and Nakula with thirty, and Catanika with seven awows, 47 and


Cikhandin with ten, and king Yudhishthira with a hundred.
These and many other foremost of heroes, O king, all inspired
with desire of victory,* 3 that great bowman, \"tz., the son of
Kama, O monarch, continued to afflict with his shafts. Then,
in that battle, the invincible Vrishasena continued to protect
the rear of Kama. 49 The grandson of Cini, having made
Dusrasana driverless and steedless and earless by means of
nine times nine arrows made wholly of iron, struck Duscasana
himself with ten shafts in the forehead.* 0. The Kuru prince
then, riding on another car that was duly equipt (with every
necessary implement), once more began to fight with the
Pandivas, from within ihe division of Kama." Then Dhrista-
dyumna pierced Kama with ten arrows, and the sons of Drau-
padi pierced him with three and seventy, and Yuyudhana with
seven. 52 And Bhimasena pierced him with four and sixty
arrows, and Sahadeva with seven. And Nakula pierced him
with thirty arrows, and Catanika with seven. And the heroic
Cikhandin pierced him with ten, and king Yudhishthira with
a hundred. 59 These and other foremost of men, O monarch,
all inspired with desire of victory, began to grind that great
bowman, viz., the Suta's sou, in that dreadful battle. 9 * That
chastiser of foes, viz., the Suta's son of great heroism, per-
forming quick evolutions with his car, pierced every one of
those warriors with ten arrows.*' We then, O king, witnessed
the lightness of hand displayed by the high -soulcd Kama and
the energy of his weapons. Indeed, what we saw appeared to
be highly wonderful. 8 ' People could not notice when he took
up his arrows, when he aimed them, and when he let them off
They only beheld his enemies dying fast in consequence of his
wrath. 87 The sky, the firmament, the Earth, and all the
quarters, seemed to be entirely shrouded with sharp arrows.
The firmament looked resplendent as if covered with rod clouds. 53
The valiant son of Radha, armed with the bow. and as if danc-
ing (on his car), pierce] each of his assailants with thrice as
many arrows as each of them had pierced him with. 89 And
once more piercing each of them, and his steeds, driver, car,
and standard, with ten arrows, he uttered a loud roar. His
assailants then gave him a way (through which he passed out).



Having crushed those mighty bowmen with showers of arrows,
the son of Radha, that crusher of foes, then penetrated, un-
resisted, into the midst of the division i imanded the Pandava

king/ 1 Having destroyed thirty cars of the unreturning
Chedis, the son of Radha struck Yudhishthira with many sharp
arrows." Then many Pandava warriors, O king, with Cikhan-
din and Satyaki, desirous of rescuing the king from the son ot
Radha, surrounded the former. 62 Similarly all the brave and
mighty bowmen of thy army resolutely protected the irresisti-
ble Kama in that battle." The noise of diverse musical instru-
ments arose then, O king, and the leonine shouts of brave
warriors rent the sky, 65 And the Kurus and the Panda vas once
more fearlessly encountered each other, the former headed by
the Suta's son and the latter by Yudhishthira." " 6

Section XLIX.

'Sanjaya said, — ' Piercing through the Pandava host, Kama,
surrounded by thousands of cars and elephants and steeds and
foot soldiers, rushed towards king Yudhishthira the just. 1 Cut-
tin" oft" with hundreds of fierce shafts the thousands of wcap-
ons sped at him by his foes, Vrisha fearlessly pierced through
that host." Indeed, the Suta's son cut off the heads, the arms,
and the thighs of his enemies, who, deprived of life, fell down
on the Earth. Others, finding their divisions broken, fled
away." The Dravida, the Andhaka, and the Nishada foot-
soldiers, urged on by Satyaki, once more rushed towards Kama
in that hattie, from desire of slaying him. 4 Deprived of arms
and head-gears, and slain by Kama with his shafts, they fell
d iwn simultaneously on the Earth, like a forest of Gala trees
cut down (with the axe). 5 Thus hundreds, thousands, and ten
thousands of combatants, deprived of life and filling the whole
welkin with their fame, fell down with their bodies on the
Earth." The Pandus and the Panchalas obstructed Kama,
otherwise called Vaikartana, who careered wrathfully in battle
like the Destroyer himself, even as people Beek to obstruct a
disease with incantations and drugs. 7 Crushing all those as-
sailants. Kama once more rushed toward- Yudhishthira.. like


an irresistible disease unchecked by incantations and drugg Snd
(propitiatory) rites. 8 At last checked by the Pandus, the
Panchalas, and the Kekayas, all of whom were desirous of
rescuing the king, Kama could not succeed in passing them
over like Death that is unable to vanquish persons conversant
with Brahma. 9 Then Yudhishthira, with eyes red in wrath, ad-
dressed Kama, that slayer of hostile heroes, who was held in
check at a litte distance from him, and said these words : 10 —
Kama, Kama, thou of vain sight, O son of a Suta, listen
to my words ! Thou always challengest the active Phalguna in
battle !" Obedient to the counsels of Dhritarashtra's son, thou
always seekest to oppose us ! Mustering thy great prowess,
show thou today all thy might, all thy energy, and all the
hatred thou bearest towards the sons of Panda ! ia Today, in
dreadful encounter, I will purge thee of thy desire for battle ! 18
— Having said these words, the son of Pandu, king, pierced
Kama with ten shafts made entirely of iron and equipt with
wings of gold. 1 * That chastiser of foes, and great bowman,
viz., the Suta's son, Bh strata, pierced Yudhishthira, with
the greatest care, in return, with ten arrows equipt with heads
like the calfs tooth. 15 Thus pierced by the Suta's son in con-
tempt, O sire, the mighty-armed Yudhishthira blazed up with
wrath like a fire upon receiving butter."' Bending his formid-
able bow decked with gold, the son of Pandu placed on his bow-

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