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string a whetted arrow capable of piercing the very hills. 17
Drawing the bow to its fullest stretch, the king quickly sped
that arrow, fatal as the rod of the Destroyer, from desire of
slaying the Suta's son.' 8 Spod by the king endued with great
mis:ht, that arrow whose whizz resembled the noise of the
thunder, suddenly pierced Kama, that mighty car-warrior,
on his left side. 19 Deeply afflicted by the violence of that
stroke, the mighty-armed Kama, with weakened limbs, fell
into a swoon on his car, his bow dropping from his hand. 20
Beholding Kama in that plight, the vast Dhartarashtra host
uttered cries of Oh and Alas, and the faces of all the comba-
tants became colorless. 2 ' Beholding the prowess of their
king, amongst the Pandavas, on the other hand, O mon-
arch, leonine roars and shouts and confused cries of joy arose. 9 *



SAUNA PABVAi 175

The son of Radha, however, of cruel prowess, recovering his

senses soon enough, seb his heart on the destruction of Yudhish-
thira. 23 Drawing his formidable bow called Vijaya that was
decked with gold, the Suta's son of immeasurable soul began
to resist the son of Pandu with his sharp shafts. 24 With a
couple of razor-headed arrows he slew in that encounter Chan-
dradeva and Dandadhara, the two Pnnchala princes, that pro-
tected the two car wheels of the high-souled Yudhishthira. 8 *
Each of those heroes, standing by the side of Yudhishthira's
car, had Looked resplendent liko the constellation Punarvasu
by the side of the Moon. 8 * Yudhishthira, however, once
m >re pierced Kama with thirty arrows. And he struck Su-
shona and Satyasena, each with three arrows. 27 And he pierced
every one of the protectors of Kama with three straight
arrows. 88 The son of Adhiratha then, laughing and shaking
his bow, inflicted a cutting wound on tho king's body with
a broad-headed arrow, and again pierced him with sixty arrows
and then uttered a loud shout. 29 Then many foremost heroes
amongst the Pandavas, desirous of rescuing the king, rusheu
in wrath towards Kama and began to grind him with their
arrows. 30 Siityaki and Chekitana and Yuyutsu and Cikhandin
and the sons of Draupadi, and the Prabhadrakas, 31 and the
twins (Nakula and Sahadeva) and Bhimasena and Cicupala and
the Karushas the Matsyas, the Curas, the Kaikayas, the Kacis,
and the Kocalas, 88 all these brave heroes, endued with great
activity, assailed Vasushena. The Panchala prince Janamejaya
then pierced Kama with many arrows. 83 The Pandava heroes,
armed with diverse kinds of arrows* and diverse weapons, and
accompanied by cars and elephants and steeds, rushing towards
Kama, encompassed him on all sides, from desire of slaying
him.**" 8 ' Thus assailed on all sides by the foremost of Pandava
warriors, Kama invoked into existence tho Brahma weapon
and filled all the points of the compass with arrows. 38 The
heroic Kama then, like unto a blazing fire having shafts for
its scorching flame, careered in battle, burning that forest of



* I do not render the names of the several kinds of arrows mentioned
here as those names have in several instauces been rendered before.— T.



170 HAB A nil A RATA.

Pandava troops." The high-soulcd Kama, that groat bowman,
aiming some mighty weapons, and laughing the while, cut off
the bow of that foremost of men, viz., Yudhishthira. 88 Then
aiming ninety straight arrows within the twinkling of an eye,
Kama cut off, with those sharp shafts, the armour of his
antagonist. 89 That armour, decked with gold and set with
gems, looked beautiful, as it fell down, like a wind-tossed cloud
penetrated by the rays of the Sun. 43 Indeed, that armour,
adorned with costly brilliants, fallen off from the body of that
foremost of men, looked beautiful like the firmament in the
night, bespangled with stars. 41 His armour cut off with those
arrows, the son of Pritha, covered with blood, wrathfully
hurled at the son of Adhiratha a dart made wholly of iron. 42
Kama, however, cut (into pieces) that blazing dart, as it cours-
ed through the welkin, with seven shafts. That dart, thus
cut off with those shafts of that great bowman, fell down on
the Earth. 48 Then Yudhishthira, striking Kama with four
lances in his two arms and forehead and chest, repeatedly
uttered loud shouts. 4 * Thereupon blood spouted forth from the
wounds of Kama, and the latter, filled with rage and breathing
like a snake, cut off his antagonist's standard and pierced the
Pandiva himself with three broad-headed arrows. 45 And he
also cut off the couple of quivers (that is foe had) and the car
(he rode) into minute fragments. Thereupon the king, riding
on another car unto which were yoked those steeds, white as
ivory and having black hair on their tails, that used to bear
him (to battle), turned his face and liegan to fly. Thus did
Yudhishthira begin to retreat. His Pdrshni driver had been
slain. 46 " 17 He became exceedingly cheerless and unable to stay
before Kama. The son of Radha then, pursuing Yudhishthira
the son of Pandu, 48 cleansed himself by touching him in
the shoulder with his own fair hand (the palm of which was)
graced with the auspicious signs of the thunder-bolt, the um-
brella, the hook, the fish, the flag, the tortoise, and the conch-
shell, and desired to seize him by force. He then remem-
bered the words of Kunti. 43 " 80 Then Calya addressed him and
said, — Do not, O Kama, seize this best of kings ! As soon as
thou seizest him, he will reduce both thee and me to ashes ! 5 '— .



S K PARVA. 177

Then Kama, O king, laughing in mockery, addressed the son of

Pandu and thus spoke unto him disparagingly : — How, indeed,
born though thou art in a noble race, and observant though
thou art of Kshatriya duties, 12 wouldst thou leave the battle
in fear, desiring to save thy life ? I think that thou art
not well-acquainted with the duties of Kshatriyas !*■ En-
dued with Brahma force, thou art, indeed, devoted to the
study of the Vedas and the performance of sacrificial rites !
Do not, O son of Kunti, fight again, and do not again ap-
proach brave warriors ! 5 * Do not use harsh language towards
heroes and do not come to great battles ! Thou mayst use such
words, O sire, towards others, but thou shouldst never address
persons like us in that way ! 5S By using such words towards
persons like us, thou wouldsfc in battle meet with this and other
kinds of behaviour! Go back to thy quarters, O son of Kunti,
or thither where those two, viz., Kec^va and Arjuna, arc ! 8S
Indeed, king, Kama will never slay one like thee ! — Having
said these words unto the son of Pritha, the mighty Kama,
setting Yudhishthira free, 57 began to slaughter the Pandava
host like the wielder of the thunder-bolt slaughtering the
Asuva host. That ruler of men, (viz., Yudhishthira,) then,
king, quickly fled away. 88 Beholding the king Hying away,
the Chedis, the Pandavas, the Panchalas, aud the mighty
car- warrior Satyaki, all followed that monarch of unfading
glory. 13 And the sons of Draupadi, and the Curas, and the
twin sons of Madri by Pandu, also followed the king. Behold-
ing the division of Yudi.shthira retreating, the heroic Kama
became highly glad with all the Kurus and began to pursue
the retreating force. The din of kettle-drums and conchs and
cymbals and bows, 60 " 61 and leonine shouts, arose from among the
Dhartarashtra troops. Meanwhile Yudhishthira, thou of
Kuru's race, quickly riding on the car of Crutakirti, began to
behold the prowess of Kama. Then king Yudhishthira the
just, seeing his troops fast slaughtered, 6 " 63 became filled with
rage, and addressing his warriors, commanded them, saving, —
Slay these enemies ! Why are ye inactive ? — Then the mighty
car-warriors of the Pandavas, headed by Bhimasena, thus com-
manded by the king, all rushed against thy sons. The shouts
23



17S MAHABHAHATA.

then, O Bharata, of the warriors (of both hosts), and the noise
made by cars and elephants and steeds and foot-soldiers,
and the clash of weapons, became tremendous. — Exert, Strike*
Face the /oe, 64 " 68 — were the words that the combatants address-
ed to one another as they began to slay one another in that
dreadful battle. And in consequence of the showers of shafts
shot by them, a shadow as that of the clouds seemed to spread
over the field. ' And in consequence of those rulers of men,
covered with arrows, striking one another, they became divest-
ed of banners and standards and umbrellas and steeds and
drivers and weapons in that battle. 68 Indeed, those lords of
Earth, deprived of life and limbs, fell down on the Earth.
Looking like mountain summits in consequence of their un-
even backs, huge elephants, 69 with their riders, deprived of
life, fell down like mountains riven by thunder. Thousands
of steeds, with their armour, equipments, and adornments all
torn and broken and displaced, fell down, along with their heroic
riders, deprived of life. Car- warriors with weapons loosened from
their grasp, and deprived by (hostile) car-warriors of cars and
life, and large bands of foot-soldiers, slain by hostile heroes in
that dreadful clash, fell down in thousands. The Earth became
covered with the heads of heroic combatants intoxicated with
battle, — heads, that is, that were adorned with large and ex-
pansive eyes of coppery hue and faces as beautiful as the lotus
or the moon. And people heard noises as loud in the sky as
on the surface of the Earth, 70 " 78 in consequence of the sound
of music and song proceeding from large bands of Apsaras on
their celestial cars, with which those bands of heavenly chorris-
ters continually greeted the newly-arrived heroes slain in
hundreds and thousands by brave enemies on Earth, and with
which, placing them on celestial cars, they repaired on those
vehicles (towards the region of Indra). Witnessing with their
own eyes those wonderful sights, and actuated by the desire of
going to heaven, 74 " 75 heroes, with cheerful hearts, speedily slew
one another. Car-warriors fought beautifully with car-warriors j
in that battle, 7 * and foot-soldiers with foot-soldiers, and ele-
phants with elephants, and steeds with steeds. Indeed, when
that battle, destructive of elephants and steeds and men, raged



EARN A PART A, ITS

in this way, 77 the field became covered with the dust raised
by the troops. Then enemies slew enemies, and friends slew
friends. The combatants dragged one another by their locks,
bit one another with their teeth, tore one another with their
nails, 78 and struck one another with clenched fists, and fought
one another with bare arms in that fierce battle destructive of
both life and sins. Indeed, as that battle, fraught with carnage
of elephants and steeds and men, raged on so fiercely, 79 a
river of blood ran from the bodies of (slain) human beings
and steeds and elephants. And that current carried away
a large number of dead bodies of elephants and steeds and
men. 80 Indeed, in that vast host teeming with men and steeds
and elephants, that river formed by the blood of men and
steeds and elephants and horsemen and elephant-men, became
miry with flesh and exceedingly terrible. 81 And on that current,
inspiring the timid with terror, floated the bodies of men and
steeds and elephants. Impelled by the desire of victory, some
combatants forded it and some remained on the other side. 8 *
And some plunged into its depths, and some sank in it and
some rose above its surface as they swam through it. Smeared
all over with blood, their armour and weapons and robes all
became bloody. 83 Some bathed in it, and some drank the liquid,
anu-rtome became strengthless, O bull of Bharata's race ! Cars
and steeds and men and elephants and weapons and ornaments, 84
and robes and armour, and combatants that were slain or about
to be slain, and the Earth, the welkin, the firmament, and all
the points of the compass, became red. 8 * With the odor, the
touch, the taste, and the exceedingly red sight of that blood and
its rushing sound, 86 almost all the combatants, O Bhtirata, be-
came very cheerless. The Pandava heroes then, headed by
J Bhimasena and Satyaki, once nure rushed impetuously against
'■■ that army already beaten. Beholding the impetuosity of that
I rush of the Pandava heroes to be irresistible, 87 " 48 the vast force
j of thy sons, O king, turned its back on the field. Indeed,
: that host of thine, teeming with cars and steeds and elephants
and men no longer in compact array, with armour and coats
I of mail displaced and weapons and bows loosened from their
grasp, Hod away in all direction?, whilst being agitated by



MAHABHARATA,

the enemy, even like a herd of elephants in the forest afflicted
by lions.'" 89 - 90






Section L.

"Sanjaya said, — 'Beholding the Pandava heroes rushing im-
petuously towards thy host, Duryodhana, O monarch, endea-
voured to cheek the warriors of his army on all sides, O butt
of Bharata's race. Although, however, thy son cried at the
top of his voice, his flying troops, O king, still refused to stop. 1 "
Then one of the wings of the army and its further wing, and
Calami the son of Suvala, and the Kauravas, well-armed, rush-
ed against Bhimasena in that battle. 3 Kama also, beholding
the Dhartarashtra force with all its kings flying away, addressee
the ruler of the Madras, saying, — Proceed towards the car oi
Bhima ! 4 — Thus addressed by Kama, the ruler of the Madras
began to urge those foremost of steeds, of the hue of swans,
towards the spot where Vrikodara was. 8 Thus urged by Calya,
that ornament of battle, those steeds approaching the car of
Bhimasena, mingled in battle. 5 Meanwhile, Bhima, beholding
Kama approach, became filled with rage, and set his heart
on the destruction of Kama, O bull of Bharata's race. 7 Ad-
dressing the heroic Satyaki and Dhrishtadyumna the son' of
Prishata, he said, — Do you two protect king Yudhishfchira
of virtuous soul ! With difficulty he escaped from a situation
of great peril before my very eyes ! 3 In my sight have the
armour and robes of the king been cut off and torn, fur
Duryodhana's gratification, by Radha's son of wicked soul ?
I shall today reach the end of that woe, O son of Prishata I
Today, either I shall slay Kama in battle, or he will slay me in
dreadful battle ! I tell thee truly ! 19 Today I make over the
king to you as a sacred pledge ! With cheerful hearts exert ye
today for protecting the king f" — Having said these words, the
mighty-armed Bhima proceeded towards Adhiratha's son, mak-
ing all the points of the compass resound with a loud leonine
shout. 12 Beholding Bhima, that delighter in battle, advancing
quickly, the puissant king of the Madras addressed the SutaS
bun in the following words. 18



KARNA TARVA, 1M

" 'Calya said, — Behold, O Kama, the mighty-armed son of
Pandu, who is filled with rage ! Without doubt, he is desirous
of vomiting upon thee that wrath which he has cherished for
many years l li Never before did I see him assume such a form,
no, not even when Abhimanyu was slain and the Jialcshasa
Ghatotkaeha ! 15 Filled with wrath, the form he hath now as-
sumed, endued with the splendour of the all-destroying fire at
the end of the Vug a, is such that it seems he is capable of
resisting the three worlds united together ' — MS

"Sanjaya continued, — 'While the ruler of the Madras was
saying these words unto the son of Radha, Vrikodara, excited
with rage, came upon Kama. 17 Beholding Bhima, that de-
lighter in battle, approach him in that way, the son of Radha
laughingly said unto Calya these words. 18 — The words that
thou, ruler of the Madras, hast today spoken to me regarding
Bhima, O lord, are without doubt all true ! 19 This Vrikodara
is brave and is a hero full of wrath ! He is reckless in protect-
ing his body, and in strength of limbs is superior to all! 40
While leading a life of concealment in the city of Virata, rely-
ing then on the mighty of his bare arms, for doing what
was agreeable to Draupadi, he secretly slew Kichaka with all
his relatives ! 21 Even he stands today at the head of battle,
clad in mail and insensate with wrath ! He is ready to engage
in battle with the Destroyer armed with uplifted mace !"
This desire, however, hath been cherished through all my days,
viz., that either I shall slay Arjuna or Arjuna will slay me ! !S
That desire of mine may be fulfilled today in consequence of
my encounter with Bhima ! If I slay Bhima or make him
earless, 24 Partha may come against me. That will be well
for me ! Settle that without delay which thou thinkest to be
suitable to the hour! 21 — Hearing these words of Radha's son
of immeasurable energy Calya replied, saying, 21 — O thou of
mighty-arms, proceed against Bhimasena of great might ! Hav-
ing checked Bhimasena, thou mayst then obtain Phalguna !"
That which is thy purpose, that desire which for many long
years thou hast cherished in thy heart, will be accomplished,
O Kama ! I tell thee the truth! 88 — Thus addressed, Kama
once more said unto Calya, — Either I shall slay Arjuna in



182 MAHABHARATA.

battle, or he will slay me ! Setting thy heart on battler
proceed to the spot where Vrikodara is ! — '"

"Sanjaya continued, — 'Then, king, Calya speedily pro-
ceeded on that car to the spot where that great bowman, viz.,
Bhima, was engaged in routing thy army. 80 There rose then
the blare of trumpets and the peal of drums, monarch, when
Bhima and Kama met. 31 The mighty Bhimasena, filled with
rage, began to scatter thy troops difficult of defeat, with his
sharp and polished shafts, to all sides. 88 That collision in
battle, monarch, between Kama and the son of Pandu be-
came, king, fierce and awful, and the noise that arose was
tremendous. 83 Beholding Bhima coming towards him, Kama,
otherwise called Vaikartana or Vrisha, filled with rage, struck
him with shafts in the centre of the chest. 34 And once more,
Kama of immeasurable soul covered him with a shower of
arrows. Thus pierced by the Suta's son, Bhima covered the
former with winged arrows. 85 And he once more pierced Kama
with nine straight and keen shafts. Then Kama, with a num-
ber of arrows, cut in twain Bhima's bow at the handle. 86 And
after cutting off his bow, he pierced him once again in the
centre of the chest with a shaft of great keenness and capable
of penetrating every kind of armour. 87 Then Vrikodara, tak-
ing up another bow, king, and knowing full well what the
vital parts of the body are, pierced the Suta's son with many
keen arrows. 88 Then Kama pierced him with five and twenty
arrows, like a hunter striking a proud and infuriate elephant
in the forest with a number of blazing brands. 3 * His limbs
mangled with those shafts, his eyes red with rage and the
desire of revenge, the son of Pandu, insensate with wrath,
and impelled by the desire of slaying the Suta's son, 40 fixed
on his bow an excellent shaft of great impetuosity, capable of
bearing a great strain, and competent to piercce the very
mountains. 41 Forcibly drawing the bowstring to his very ear,
the son of the Wind-god, that great bowman, filled with wrath
and desirous of making an end of Kama, sped that shaft. 43
Thus sped by the mighty Bhima, that shaft, making a noise
loud as that of the thunder, pierced through Kama in that
battle, like the thunder-bolt itself piercing through a moun-



KARNA PARVA, 1S3

tain.* 3 Struck by Bhimasena, O perpetuator of Kuril's race,
the Suta's son, that commander (of thy forces), sat down sense-
less on the terrace of his car. 44 The ruler of the Madras then,
beholding the Suta's son deprived of his senses, bore that
ornament of battle away on his car, from that fight. 41 Then
after Kama's defeat, Bhimasena began to rout the vast Dhiirta-
rashtra host like Indra routing the Ddnavas.' " 46



Section LI.



"Dhritarashthra said, — 'Exceedingly difficult of accomplish-
ment was that feat, O Sanjaya, which was achieved by Bhima
who caused the mighty- armed Kama himself to measure his
length on the terrace of his car !' — There is only one 2^rson,
viz., Kama, who will slay the Pdndavas along with the
Srinjayas ! — Even this is what Duryodhana, O Suta, used
very often to say unto me ! a Beholding, however, that son of
Radha now defeated by Bhima in battle, what did my son
Duryodhana next do ?' 8

"Sanjaya said, — 'Beholding Radha's son of the Suta caste
turned back from the fight in that great battle, thy son, O
monarch, addressed his uterine brothers, saying, 4 — Go ye quick-
ly, blessed be ye, and protect the son of Radha, who is plung-
ed into that fathomless ocean of calamity represented by the
fe;ir of Bhimasena ! s — Thus commanded by the king, those
princes, excited with wrath and desirous of slaying Bhimasena,
rushed towards him like insects towards a blazing fire. 6 They
wvre Crutarvan and Durddhara and Kratha and Vivitsu and
Vikata and Soma, and Nishangin and Kavachin and Pacm
and Nanda and Upanandaka, 7 and Duspradharsha and Suvahu
and Vatavega and Suvarchasas, and Dhanurgraha and Dur-
mada and Jalasandha and Cala and Saha. 8 Surrounded by a
lar^e car force, those princes, endued with, great energy and
might, approached Bhimasena and encompassed him on all
sides. 9 They sped at him from every side showers of arrows
of diverse kinds. Thus a^ictod by them, Bhima of great
strength, 10 king, quickly slew fifty foremost car- warriors
with five hundred others, amongst those sons of thine that



1S4. MAHABHARATA,

advanced against him. 11 Filled with rage, Bhimasena then,
O kins:, with a broad-headed arrow, struck off the head of
Vivitsu, adorned with ear-rings and head-gear, and graced with
a face resembling the full moon. Thus cut off, that prince fell
down on the Earth. 19 Beholding that heroic brother of theirs
slain, the (other) brothers there, O lord, rushed in that battle,
from every side, upon Bhima of terrible prowess. 13 With two
other broad-headed arrows then, Bhima of terrible prowess
took the lives of two other sons of thine in that dreadful
battle. 14 Those two, viz., Vikata and Saha, looking like a
ceuple of celestial youths, O king, thereupon fell down on the
Earth like a couple of trees uprooted by the tempest. 18 Then
Bhima, without losing a moment, despatched Kratha to the
abode of Yama, with a long arrow of keen point. Deprived of
life, that prince fell down on the Earth. 16 Loud cries of woe
then, ruler of men, arose there when those heroic sons of
thine, all great bowmen, were being thus slaughtered. 17 When
those troops were once more agitated, the mighty Bhima, O
monarch, then despatched Nanda and Upananda in that battle
to Yaraa's abode. 18 Thereupon thy sons, exceedingly agitated
and inspired with fear, fled away, seeing that Bhimasena in
that battle behaved like the Destroyer himself at the end of
the Tuga. 19 Beholding those sons of thine slain, the Suta's
son, with a cheerless heart, once more urged his steeds of the
hue of swans to that place where the son of Pandu was. 20
Those steeds, king, urged on by the ruler of the Madras,
approached with great speed the car of Bhimasena and mingl-
ed in battle. 7,1 The collision, monarch, that once more took
place between Kama and the son of Pandu in battle, became,
O king, exceedingly fierce and awful and fraught with a loud
din." Beholding, king, those two mighty car-wrariors close
with each other, I became very curious to observe the course
of that battle. 23 Then Bhima, boasting of his prowess in
battle, covered Kama in that encounter, king, with showers
of winged shafts in the very sight of thy sons. 24 Then Kama,
that warrior acquainted with the highest of weapons, filled
with wrath, pierced Bhima with nine broad headed and straight
arrows made entirely of iron. 25 Thereupon the mighty-armed



KARNA PARVA. 185

Bhima of terrible prowess, thus struck by Kama, pierced his
assailant in return with seven shafts sped from his bowstring
drawn to his ear. 86 Then Kama, O monarch, sighing like u
snake of virulent poison, shrouded the son of Pandu with a
thick shower of arrows. 27 The mighty Bhima also, shrouding
that mighty car-warrior with denso arrowy downpours in tho
very sight of the Kauravas, uttered a loud shout. 28 Then
Kama, filled with rage, grasped his bow strongly and pierced
Bhima with ten arrows whetted on stone and equipt with
Kanka feathers. 29 With another broad-headed arrow of great
sharpness, he also cut off Bhima's bow. Then the mighty-
armed Bhima of great strength, taking up a terrible Parigha,
twined round with hempen chords and decked with gold and re-
sembling a second bludgeon of Death himself, and desiring to
slay Kama outright, hurled it at him with a loud roar. 80-81



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