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Gotama then, filled with rage, took up a new and very strong
bow and struck Suketu with thirty arrows in all his vital
limbs. 26 All his limbs exceedingly weakened, the prince trem-
bled on his excellent car like a tree trembling exceedingly
during an earthquake. 27 With a razor-headed arrow then,
Kripa struck off from the prince's trunk, while the latter was
still trembling, his head decked with a pair, of blazing ear-
rings and head-gear and head-protector. 23 That head thereupon
fell down on the Earth like a piece of meat from the claws of
a hawk, and then his trunk also fell down, thou of great
glory ! 29 Upon the fall of Suketu, O monarch, his troops be-
came frightened, and avoiding Kripa, fled away on all sides. 30

" 'Encompassing the mighty Dhrishtadyumna, Kritavarman
cheerfully addressed him, saying, — Wait, Wait ! 31 — The encoun-
ter then that took place between the Vrishni and the Panchala
warriors in that battle became exceedingly fierce, like that be-
tween two hawks, O king, for a piece of meat. 82 Filled with
rage, Dhrishtadyumna, in that battle, struck the son of Hri-
dika with nine arrows in the chest, and succeeded in afflicting
him greatly. 33 Then Kritavarman, thus deeply struck by
Prishata's son in that encounter, covered his assailant, his
steeds, and his car, with his shafts. 34 Thus shrouded, O king,
along with his car, Dhrishtadyumna became invisible like the
Sun shrouded by rain-charged clouds. 8 ' Baffling all those
shafts decked with gold, Dhrishtadyumna. O king, looked res-
plendent in that battle in his wounds. 36 The commander of the
Pandava forces, viz., the son of Prishata, then, filled with rage,
approached Kritavarman and poured upon him a fierce shower
of arrows. 37 The son of Hridika, however, in that battle,
with many thousands of his own arrows, destroyed that fierce
arrowy shower coursing towards him with great impetuosity. 33
Beholding his irresistible shower of arrows checked in that
battle by Kritavarman, the son of Prishata, approaching his
antagonist, began bo resist him. 33 And soon he despatched



RARNA PARVA. MM

Krifcavarman's driver to Yama's abode with a broad-headed
arrow of great sharpness. Deprived of life, the driver fell
down from the car.* The mighty Dhrishtadyumna, having
vanquished his mighty antagonist, began then to resist the
Kauravaa with his shafts, without losing a moment. 41 Then
thy warriors, O king, rushed towards Dhrishtadyumna, utter-
ing loud leonine roars. At this, a battle once more took placo
between them.' "*"



Section LV.

"Sanjaya said, — 'Meanwhile the son of Drona, beholding
Yudhishthira protected by the grandson of Cirri and by the
heroic sons of the Draupadi, cheerfully advanced against the
king, 1 scattering many fierce arrows equipt with wings of gold
and whetted on stone, and displaying diverse manoevres of his
car and the great skill he had acquired and his exceeding
lightness of hands. 2 He filled the entire welkin with shafts
inspired with the force of celestial weapons. Conversant with
all weapons, Drona's son encompassed Yudhishthira in that
battle. 8 The welkin being covered with the shafts of Drona's
son, nothing could be seen. The vast space in front of Aewat-
thaman became one expanse of arrows. 4 The welkin then, thus
c >vered with that dense shower of arrows decked with gold, look-
ed beautiful, chief of the Bharatas, as if a canopy embroidered
with gold had been spread there. 5 Indeed, the firmament,
O king, having been covered with that brighfc shower of arrows,
a shadow, as that of the clouds, appeared there on the occas-
sion. 6 Wonderful was the sight that we then beheld when the
sky had thus become one expanse of arrows, for not one crea-
ture ranging the sky could course through his element. 7 Then
Satvaki, though struggling resolutely, and Pandu's son king
Yudhishthira the just, as also all the other warriors, could not
display their prowess. Beholding the great lightness of hands
displayed by the son of Drona, the mighty car-warriors (of
the Pandava army) were filled with wonder. All the kings
became incapable of even looking at Ac,watthaman, monarch,
who then reocmblcJ the scorching Sun himself in the sky.



19S MAHABHARATA.

While the (Pandava) troops were thus being slaughtered, those
mighty car-warriors, viz., the sons of Draupadi, s " i0 and Satyaki,
and king Yudhishthira the just, and the Panchala warriors,
all uniting together, cast off their fears of death and rushed
against the son of Drona. 11 Then Satyaki, piercing the son
of Drona with seven and twenty arrows, once more pierced
him with seven long shafts decked with gold. 12 And Yudhish-
thira pierced him with three and seventy arrows, and Prati-
vindya with seven ; and Crutakarman pierced him Avith three
arrows and Crutakirti with five. 18 And Sutasoma pierced him
with nine arrows, and Catanika with seven. And many other
heroes pierced him with many arrows from every side. 1 * Filled
then with rage and breathing, O king, like a snake of virulent
pjison, Drona's son pierced Satyaki in return with five and
twenty arrows whetted on stone. 15 And he pierced Crutakirti
with nine arrows and Sutasoma with five ; and with eight
arrows he pierced Crutakarman, and Prativindya with three. 1 '
And he pierced Catanika with nine arrows, and Dharma's son
(Yudhishthira) with five. And each of the other warriors he
pierced with a couple of shafts. With some keen arrows he
then cut off the bow of Crutakirti. 17 The latter then, that
great car-warrior, taking up another bow, pierced Drona's son,
first with three arrows and then with many others equipt with
sharp points. 13 Then, O monarch, the son of Drona covered
the Pandava troops, sire, with thick showers of arrows, O
bull of Bharata's race. 19 Of immeasurable soul, the son of
Drona, next, smiling the while, cut off the bow of king
Yudhishthira the just, and then pierced him with three arrows. 20
The son of Dharma then, O king, taking up another formidable
bow, pierced Drona's son with seventy arrows in the arms and
the chest. 21 Then Satyaki, filled with rage in that battle, cut
off the bow of Drona's son, that great smiter, with a sharp
crescent-shaped arrow and uttered a loud roar. 28 His bow cut
off, that foremost of mighty men, viz., the son of Drona,
quickly felled Satyaki's driver from his car with a dart. 28 The
valiant son of Drona then, taking up another bow, covered the
grandson of Cini, O Bharata, with a shower of arrows. 24 His
driver having been slain, Satyaki's steeds were seen to run






5ARNA PARVA, 1 09

hither and thither, Bharata, in that battle. 91 Then the
Pandava warriors headed by Yudhishthira, shooting sharp
shafts, all rushed with impetuosity towards Drona's son, that
foremost of all wielders of weapons.* 6 That scorcher of foes,
however, viz., the son of Drona, beholding those warriors
wrathfully advancing against him, received them all in that
dreadful battle.* 7 Then like a fire in the forest consuming heaps
of dry grass and straw, that mighty car-warrior, viz., Drona's
son, having showers of arrows for his flames, consumed the
Pandava troops in that battle, who resembled a heap of dry grass
and straw. 38 That army of Pandu's son, thus scorched by the
son of Drona, became exceedingly agitated, chief of tho Bhara-
tas, like the mouth of a river by a whale. 39 People then, O
monarch, beholding the prowess of Drona's son, regarded all the
Panda vas as already slain by him. 50 Then Yudhishthira, that
great car-warrior and disciple of Drona,* filled with rage and
the desire to retaliate, addressed Drona's son, saying, 81 — tiger
among men, thou hast no affection, thou hast no gratitude,
since thou desirest to slay me today ! 89 The duties of a Brah-
mana are asceticism and gift and study. The bow should be
bent by the Kshatriya only. It seems, therefore, that thou
art a Brahmana in name only ! 88 In thy very sight, how-
ever, thou of mighty arms, I will vanquish the Kauravas in
battle. Do what thou canst in battle. I tell thee that thou
art a wretch mongst Brahmanas ! 8 * — Thus addressed, the son of
Drona, smiling, and reflecting upon what was proper and true,
gave no reply. 8 * Without saying anything, he covered the
son of Pandu in that battle with a shower of arrows, like the
Destroyer himself in wrath while engaged in annihilating
creatures. 8 ' Thus covered by Drona's son, sire, the son of
Pritha quickly went away from that spot, leaving that large
division of hi?. 87 After Yudhishthira the son of Dharma had
gone away, the high-souled son of Drona also, king, left that
spot. 83 Then Yudhishthira, O king, avoiding the son of Drona
in that great battle, proceeded against thy army, resolved to
achieve the cruel task of slaughter.' "•■



I adopt the Bombay reading.— T.



Section LVX

"Sanjaya said, — 'Meanwhile Viakartana himself, resisting
Bhimasena supported by the Panchalas and the Chedis and
the Kaikayas, covered him with many arrows. 1 In the very
sight of Bhimasena, Kama slew in that battle many mighty car-
warriors among the Chedis, the Karushas, and the Srinjayas."
Then Bhimasena, avoiding Kama, that best of car-warriors,
proceeded against the Kaurava troops like a blazing fire to-
wards a heap of dry grass. 3 The Suta's son also, in that battle,
began to slay the mighty bowmen amongst the Panchalas, the
Kaikayas, and the Srinjayas in thousands. 4 Indeed, the three
mighty car-warriors, viz., Partha and Vrikodara and Kama,
began to exterminate the Samsaptakas , the Kauravas, and
the Panchalas, respectively. 8 In consequence of thy evil policy,
O king, all those Kshatriyas, scorched with excellent shafts by
those three great warriors, began to be exterminated in that
battle. 6 Then Duryodhana, O chief of the Bharatas, filled
with rage, pierced Nakula and his four steeds with nine
arrows. 7 Of immeasurable soul, thy son next, O ruler of men,
cut off the golden standard of Sahadeva with a razor-faced
shaft. 8 Filled with wrath, Nakula then, king, struck thy
son with three and seventy arrows in that battle, and Sahadeva
struck him with five. 9 Each of those foremost warriors of
Bharata's race and foremost of all bowmen, was struck by
Duryodhana in rage with five arrows. 10 With a couple of
broad-headed arrows then, he cut off the bows of both those
warriors ; and then he suddenly pierced each of the twins with
three and seventy arrows. 11 Taking up then two other beau-
tiful and foremost of bows each of which resembled the bow
of Indra himself, those two heroes looked beautiful like a pair
of celestial youths in that battle. 12 Then those two brothers,
both endued with groat activity in battle, poured upon their
cousin, O king, ceaseless showers of terrible shafts like two
masses of clouds pouring rain upon a mountain breast. 13
Thereupon thy son, that great car-warrior, O king, filled with
rage, resisted those two great bowmen, viz., the twin sons of
Pandu, with showers of winged arrows.'* The hm of Duryo-



KARNA PARVA, 201

dhana in that battle, O Bharata, seemed to be continuously
drawn into a circle, and shafts seemed to issue from it cease-
lessly on all sides. 15 Covered with Duryodhana's shafts, the two
pons of Pandu ceased to shine brightly, like the Sun and the
Moon in the firmament, divested of splendour, when shrouded
by masses of clouds. 16 Indeed, those arrows, O king, equipt
with wings of gold and whetted on stone, covered all the points
of the compass like the rays of the Sun, 1 * When the welkin was
thus shrouded and all that was seen was one uniform expanse
of arrows, the aspect that each of the twins showed was that
of the Destroyer himself at the end of the Yuga* lt Beholding,
on the other hand, the prowess of thy son, the great car-war-
riors all regarded the twin sons of Madri to be in the presence
of Death. 13 The commander then, O king, of the Pandava
army, viz., the mighty car-warrior Parshata, proceeded to that
spot where Duryodhana was. 20 Transgressing those two great
car-warriors, viz., the two brave sons of Madri, Dhrishta-
dyumna began to resist thy son with his shafts.* 1 Of im-
measurable soul, that bull among men, viz., thy son, fillod
with the desire to retaliate, and similing the while, pierced the
prince of Panchala with five and twenty arrows." Of im-
measurable soul and filled with the desire to retaliate, thy son
once more pierced the prince of Panchala with sixty shafts and
once again with five, and uttered a loud roar." Then the king,
with a sharp razor-faced arrow, cut off, in that battle, O sire,
the bow with arrow fixed thereon and the leathern fence of hia
antagonist. 24 Casting aside that broken bow, the prince of
Panchala, that crusher of foes quickly took up another bow that
was new and capable of bearing a great strain. 85 Blazing with
impetuosity, and with eyes red as blood from rage, the great
bowman Dhrishtadyumna, with many wounds on his person,
looked resplendent on his car." Desirous of slaying Duryo-
dhana, O chief of the Bharatas, the Panchala hero sped fivo
and ten clothyard shafts that resembled hissing snakes. 87 Thoso
shafts, whetted on stone and eqiipt with the feathers of Kan-
has and peacocks, cutting through the armour, decked with
gold, of the king, passed through his body and entered tho
Earth in consequence of tho force with which they had been
20



202 MAHABHARATA,

shot. 2 * Deeply pierced, O monarch, thy son looked exceedingly
beautiful like a gigantic Kincuka in the season of spring Avith
Its flowery weight." His' armour pierced with those shafts,
and all his limbs rendered exceedingly infirm with wounds, he
became filled with rage and cut off Dhrishtadyumna's bow with
a broad-headed arrow. 80 Having cut off his assailant's bow,
the king then, O monarch, with great speed, struck him with
ten shafts on the forehead between the two eye-brows. 31 Those
shafts, polished by the hands of the smith, adorned Dhrishta-
dyumna's face like a number of bees, desirous of honey, adorn-
ing a full-blown lotus. 32 Throwing aside that broken bow, the
high-souled Dhrishtadyumna quickly took up another, and
with it, sixteen broad-headed arrows. 38 With five he slew the
four steeds and the driver of Duryodhana, and he cut off, with
another, his bow decked with gold. 34 With the remaining ten
shafts, the son of Prishata cut off the car with the upashlcava,
the umbrella, the dart, the sword, the mace, and the standard
of thy soil 85 Indeed, all the kings beheld the beautiful stand-
ard of the Kuru king, decked with golden Angadhas and bear-
ing the divice of an elephant worked in jewels, cut off by the
prince of the Panchalas. 85 Then the uterine brothers of Duryo-
dhana, bull of Bharata's race, rescued the earless Duryo-
dhana who had all his weapons, besides, cut off in that battle. 37
In the very sight of Dhrishtadyumna, Drudhara, O monarch,
causing that ruler of men to ride upon his car. quickly bore him
away from the battle. 88

" 'Meanwhile the mighty Kama, having vanquished Satyaki
and desirous of rescuing the (Kuru) king, proceeded straight
against the face of Drona's slayer, that warrior of fierce shafts. 89
The grandson of Cini, however, quickly pursued him from be-
hind, striking him with his arrows, like an elephant pursuing
a rival and striking him at the hinder limbs with his tusks. 40
Then, O Bharata, fierce became the battle that raged between the
high-souled warriors of the two armies, in the space that inter-
vened between Kama and the son of Prishata. 41 Not a single
combatant of either the Piindavas or ourselves turned his face
from the battle. Then Kama proceeded against the Panchalas
iviih grea.t speed. 48 At that hour wheif the Sun had ascended



KARNA TARVA. 203

the meridian, a great slaughter, best of men, of elephants and
steeds and men, took place on both . sides. 48 The Panchalas,

O king, inspired with desire of victory, all rushed with speed
against Kama like birds towards a tree. 4 * The son of Adhi-
ratha, of great energy, filled with rage, began from their front-
to strike those Panchalas, with the keen points of his shafts,
singling out their leaders, 45 viz., Vyaghraketu and Sncarman
and Chitra and UgiTiyudha and Jay a and Cukla and Rocha-
mana and the invincible Singhascna. 46 Those heroes, speedily
advancing with their cars, encompassed that foremost of men,
and poured their shafts upon that angry warrior, viz., Kama,
that ornament of battle. 47 That foremost of men, endued with
great valour, viz., the son of Radhii, afflicted those eight
heroes engaged in battle with him, with eight keen shafts."-*
The Suta's son, possessed of great prowess, O king, then slew
many thousands of other warriors skilled in fight. 49 Filled
with rage, the son of Radha then slew Jishnu, and Jishnu-
karman, and Devapi, king, in that battle, and Chitra, and
Chitrfiyu dha, and Hari, and Singhaketu, and Rochamana, and
the great car-warrior Calabha, and many car-warriors among
the Chedis. 53 " 51 Bathed in blood, the form of Adhiratha's son,
while he was engaged in taking the lives of those heroes,
swelled with energy and pride like the gigantic form of Rudra
himself. 58 There, O Bharata, elephants, assailed with arrows by
Kama, fled away on all sides in fear and caused a great agita-
tion on the field of battle. 88 Others assailed with the shafts of
Kama, uttered diverse cries, and fell down like mountains
riven with thunder. 54 With the fallen bodies of elephants and
steeds and men and with fallen cars, the Earth became strewn
along the track of Kama's car. 65 Indeed, neither Bhishma,
nor Drona, nor any other warrior of thy army, had ever
achieved such feats as were then achieved by Kama in that
battle. 5 ' 5 Amongst elephants, amongst steeds, amongst cars,
and amongst men, the Suta'.s son caused a very great carna
tiger among men. 57 As a lion is seen to care. $[y

among a herd of deer, even so Kama careered fearlessly among
the Panchalas. 58 As a lion routcth a herd of terrified deer to
all points of the compass, oven so Kama routed those throngy



20£ MAHABHARATA.

of Panchala cars to all sides.* 9 As doer that have approached
the jaws of a lion, can never escape with life, even so those
great car-warriors that approached Kama could not escape with
their lives. 60 As people are certainly burnt if they come in
contact with a blazing fire, even so the Srinjayas, O Bhiirata,
were burnt by the Kama- fire when they came in contact with
it. 61 Many warriors among the Chedis and the Panchalas,
O Bharata, that were regarded by heroes, were slain by the
single-handed Kama in that battle who fought with them,
proclaiming his name in every instance.* 2 Beholding the prow-
ess of Kama, king, I thought that a single Panchala even
would not, in that battle, escape from the son of Adhiratha. 63
Indeed, the Suta's son, in that battle, repeatedly routed the
Panchalas. 64

" 'Beholding Kama thus slaughtering the Panchalas in that
dreadful battle, king Yudhishthira the just rushed in wrath to-
wards him. 65 Dhrishtadyumna and the sons of Draupadi also, O
sire, and hundreds of warriors, encompassed that slayer of foes,
viz., the Sim of Rfvlha. 66 And Cikhandin, and Sahadcva, and
Nakula, and Nakula's son, and Janamejaya, and the grandson
of Cini, and innumerable Prabhadrakas, 67 — these, endued with
immeasurable energy, — advancing with Dhrishtadyumna in
their van, looked magnificent as they struck Kama with shafts
and diverse weapons. 68 Like Garuda falling upon a large
number of snakes, the son of Adhiratha, single-handed, fell
upon all those Chedis and Panchalas and Pandavas in that
encounter. 69 The battle that took place between them and
Kama, O monarch, became exceedingly fierce like that which
had occurred in days of old between the gods and the Ddnavas.''
Like the Sun dispelling the surrounding darkness, Kama fear-
lessly and alone encountered all those great bowmen united
together and pouring upon him repeated showers of arrows. 71
While the son of Radha was thus engaged with the Pandavas,
Bhimasena, filled with rage, began to slaughter the Kurus with
shafts every one of which resembled the rod of Yama. 72 That
great bowman, fighting single-handed with the Valhikas, and
the Kaikayas, the Matsayas, the Vasatis, the Madras, and the
Saindhavas, looked exceedingly resplendent, 7 * There, elephants,






KABNA PARVA, 20-'



bsailed in fcheir vital limbs by Bhima with his clothyard shafts,

fell (I nvn, with their riders slain, making the Earth tremble
with the violence of their fall. 74 Steeds also, with their riders
slain, and foot-soldiers deprived of life, lay down, pierced with
arrows and vomiting blood in large quantities. 75 Car-warriors in
thousands fell down, their weapons loosened from their hands.
Inspired with the fear of Bhima, they lay deprived of life, their
bodies mangled with wounds. 75 The Earth became strewn with
car-warriors and horsemen and elephant-men and drivers and
foot-soldiers and steeds and elephants all mangled with the shafts
of Bhimasena. 77 The army of Duryodhana, king, cheerless
and mangled and afflicted with the fear of Bhimasena, stood as
if stupifiud. 78 Indeed, that melancholy host stood motionless
in that dreadful battle like the Ocean, king, during a calm in
autumn. 79 Stupified did that host stand even like the Ocean in
a calm. However endued with wrath and energy and might, the
army of thy son then, divested of its pride, lost all its splendour,
Indeed, that host, whilst thus being slaughtered,* 80 " 81 became
drenched with gore and seemed to bathe in blood. The comba-
tants, chief of the Bharatas, drenched with blood, were seen
to approach and slaughter one another. 82 The Suta's son, filled
with rage, routed the Pandava division, while Bhimasena in
rage routed the Kurus. And both of them, while thus employ-
ed, looked exceedingly resplendent. 88 During the progress of
that fierce battle filling the spectators with wonder, Arjuna, that
foremost of victorious persons, having slain a large number of
S'.'iiisaptakas in the midst of their array, addressed Vasudeva,
Baying, — This struggling force of Samsaptakas, O Janarddana,
is broken I 34 "" 85 Those great car-warriors amongst the Samsap-
takas arc flying away with their followers, unable to bear my
shafts like deer unable to bear the roar of the lion ! 86 The vast
force of the Srinjayas also seems to break in this great battle !
There that banner of the intelligent Kama, bearing the duvice
of the elephant'.:, rope, O Krishna, 87 is seen in the midst of
Yudhishthira's division, where he is careering with activity!

* The Bengal reading Yuddhyam&nam i» erroneous. The Bombay

reading ia Vadkyi mdnam.—T.



20G MAHABIIARATA,

The other great car-warriors (of our army) are incapable of
vanquishing Kama l ii Thou knowest that Kama is possessed of
great energy as regards prowess in battle ! Proceed thither
where Kama is routing our forces ! 39 Avoiding (other warriors)
in battle, proceeded against the Suta's son, that mighty car-
warrior ! This is what I wish, O Krishna ! Do, however,
that which thou likest ! 90 — Hearing these words of his, Govinda
smiled, and addressing Arjuna, said, — Slay the Kauravas, O
son of Pfmdu, without delay ! 91 — Then those steeds, white as
swans, urged by Govinda, and bearing Krishna and the son of
Pandu, penetrated thy vast force. 32 Indeed, thy host broke
on all sides as those white steeds in trappings of gold, urged by
Kecava, penetrated into its midst. 95 That ape-bannered car,
the clatter whose wheels resembled the deep roar of the clouds
and whose flags waved on the air, penetrated into the host like
a celestial car passing through the welkin. 94 Kecava and
Arjuna, filled with rage, and with eyes red as blood, as they
penetrated, piercing through thy vast host, looked exceedingly
resplendent in their splendour. 95 Both delighting in battle, as
those two heroes, challenged by the Kurus, came to the field,
they looked like the twin Acwins invoked with proper rites in a
sacrifice by the officiating priests. 95 Filled with rage, the impe-
tuosity of those two tigers among men increased like that of two
elephants in a large forest, enraged at the claps of hunters. 07
Having penetrated into the midst of that car-force and thoso
bodies of horse, Phalguna careered within those divisions like
the Destroyer himself armed with the fatal noose. 98 Beholding
him put forth such prowess within his army, thy son, O Bhfirata,
once more urged the Samscqj+akas against him. 99 Thereupon,
with a thousand cars, and three hundred elephants, and four-
teen thousand horse, 130 and two hundred thousands of foot-



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