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soldiers armed with the bow, endued with great courage, of
sureness of aim, and conversant with all the ways of battle, 101
the leaders of the Samstvptakas rushed [from every side]* to-
wards the son of Kunti [in that great battlej.f covering tho

* This expression occurs in 101. — T,
t This occurs in 100.— T.


Bartdava, O monarch, with showers of arrows from all sides. 108
Thus covered with shafts in that battle, Partha, that grinder
of hostile forces, exhibited himself in a fierce form like the
Destroyor himself armed with the noose. While engaged in
slaughtering the Samsaptakas, Partha became a worthier
object of sight with all. 103 Then tho welkin became filled with
shafts docked with gold and possessed of the effulgence of light-
ning that were ceaselessly shot by the diadem-decked Arjuna. 104
Indeed, everything, completely shrouded with mighty shafts
sped from Arjuna's arms and falling ceaselessly all around,
looked resplendent, lord, as if covered with snakes. 105 Tho
son of Pandu, of immeasurable soul, shot on all sides his
straight shafts equipt with wings of gold and furnished with
keen points. 104 In consequence of the sound of Partha's palms,
people thought that tho Earth, or the vault of the welkin, or all
the points of the compass, or the several oceans, or the moun-
tains, seemed to split. 107 Having slain ten thousand Khatriyas,
Kunti's son, that mighty car-warrior, then quickly proceeded to
tho further wing of the Samsaptakas. 1 ' 3 Repairing to that fur-
ther wing which was protected by the Kamvojas, Partha began
to grind it forcibly with his arrows like Vasava grinding the
Dxnavas. 109 With broad-headed arrows he began to quickly
cut off the arms, with weapons in grasp, and also the heads,
of foes longing to slay him. 110 Deprived of diverse limbs,
and of weapons, they began to fall down on the Earth, like
trees of many boughs broken by a hurricane. 111 Whilo he was
engaged in thus slaughtering elephants and steeds and car-
warrriors and foot-soldiers, the younger brother of Sudakshin (tho
chief of the Kamvojas) began to pour showers of arrows on
him. ua With a couple of crescent-shaped arrows, Arjuna then
cut off the two arms, looking like spiked maces, of his striking
assailant, and then his head graced with a face as beautiful as
the full moon, with a razor-headed arrow. 113 Deprived of life,
ho foil down from his vehicle, his body bathed in blood, like
the thunder-riven summit of a mountain of red arsenic."* In-
deed, people saw the tall and exceedingly handsome younger
brother of Sudakshina the chief of the Kamvojas, of eyes resem-
bling lotus petals, slain and fall down liko a column of gold ur


like a summit of the golden Sumeru. 115 Then commenced a
battle there once more that was fierce and exceedingly wonder-
ful. The condition of the struggling combatants varied repeat-
edly. IlS Each slain with a single arrow, steeds and combatants |
of the Kamvoja, the Yavana, and the Caka races, fell down
bathed in blood, upon which the whole field of battle became one
expanse of red, O monarch! 117 In consequence of car-warriors J
deprived of steeds and drivers, and steeds deprived of riders,!
and elephants deprived of riders, and riders deprived of ele-
phants, battling with one another, king, a great carnage ]
took place. 118 When the wing and the further wing of the ]
Samsaptakas had thus been exterminated by Savyasachin, the
son of Drona quickly proceeded against Arjuna, that foremost!
of victorious warriors. 119 Indeed, Drona's son rushed, shaking'
his formidable bow, and taking with him many terrible arrows,!
like the Sun himself appearing with his own rays. 120 With
mouth wide open from rage and the desire to retaliate, and with
red eyes, the mighty Acwatthaman looked formidable like
D<eath himself armed with his mace and filled with wrath as at
the end of the Yuga* 121 He then shot showers of fierce
shafts. With those shafts sped by him, he began to rout the
Pandava army. 122 As soon, however, as he beheld him of
Dacarha's race on the car, king, he once more sped at him,
O sire, repeated showers of fierce shafts. 125 With those falling
shafts, monarch, sped by Drona's son, both Krishna and
Dhananjaya were completely shrouded on their car. 124 Then
the valiant Ac,watthaman, with hundreds of keen arrows, stupi-
fied both Madhava and the son of Pandu in that battle. 125
Beholding those two protectors of all mobile and immobile
creatures thus covered with arrows, the universe of mobile and
immobile beings uttered cries of oh and alas. 12 * Crowds of
Siddhas and Chdranas began to repair to that spot from
every side, mentally uttering this prayer, viz.,— Let good be
to all the worlds ! 127 — Never before, king, did I see prow-
ess like that of Drona's son in that battle while he was engaged

* Kinkaradandabhrit,— Nilakatha explains that Kinkara was probably
the name of the mace or bludgeon that Yama had for his weapon.— T.

\i;na r.vnvA,

in shrouding the two Kristin as with shafts. 198 The sound ol
Acwatthaman's bow, inspiring foes with terror, was repeatedly
heard by us in that battle, () king, to resemble that of a
roaring lion. 139 While careering in that battle and striking on
his left and right, the .string of his bow looked beautifull like
flashes of lightning in the midst of a mass of clouds. 18 *
Though endued with great firmness and lightness of hand, the.
son of Pandu, for all that, beholding the son of Droiia then,
became greatly stupified. 181 Indeed, Arjuna then regarded his
own prowess to be destroyed by his high-souled assailant.
The form of Aewatthaman became such in that battle that
men oould with difficulty gaze at it. 18 ' During the progress of
that dreadful battle between Drona's son and the Pandava,
during that time when the mighty son of Drona, O monarch,
thus prevailed over his antagonist and the son of Kunti lost his
energy, Krishna became filled with rage. Inspired with wrath,
he drew deep breaths, king, and seemed to burn with his eyes
b >th Aewatthaman and Phalguna as he looked at them repeat-
edly. Filled with rage, Krishna addressed Partha in an affec-
tionate tone, saying, ,ss " JS — This, O Partha, that I behold in
battle regarding thee is exceedingly strange, since Drona's son,
Partha, surpasscth thee today ! 1SG Hast thou not now the
energy and the might of thy arms thou hadst before I Hast
tlhou not that Gdndiva still in thy hands, and dost thou not
stay on thy car now ? 187 Are not thy two arms sound ? Hath
thy fist suffered any hurt ? Why is it then that I see the son of
Drona prevail over thee in battle ?' SB Do not. O Partha, spare
thy assailant, regarding him as the son of thy preceptor, bull
of Bharata's race ! This is not the time for sparing him! 189 —
Thus addressed by Krishna, Partha speedily took up four and

ten broad-headed arrows at a time when s] d was of the high

est monument, and with them he cut off Aewatthaman 's bow
and standard and umbrella and banners and car and dart and
mace. u0 With a few calf-toothed arrows he then deeply struck
the son of Drona in the latter's shoulder. Thereupon, over-
come with a deep swoon, Aewatthaman sat down, supporting
himself on his flagstaff." 11 The latter's driver then, O monarch,
desirous of protecting him from Dhananjaya, bore him away


insensible and thus deeply afflicted by the foe. 148 Meanwhile,
that scorcher of foes, viz., Vijaya, slaughtered thy troops by
hundreds and thousands, in the very sight of that hero, viz.,
thy son, O sire ! 143 Thus, O king, in consequence of thy evil
counsels, a cruel and awful destruction and carnage commenced
as t>hy warriors were engaged with the enemy. 144 Within a
short time Vibhatsu routed the Samsaptakas ; Vrikodara, the
Kurus ; and Vasusena, the Panchalas. 145 During the progress
of that battle destructive of great heroes, there rose many head-
less trunks all around. 148 Meanwhile Yudhishthira, O chief the
Bharatas, in great pain owing to his wounds, retreating about
•two miles from the battle, rested himself for some time.' " 147

Section LVII.

Sanjaya said, — 'Then Duryodhana, chief of the Bharatas,
repairing to Kama, said unto him as also unto the ruler of the
Madras and the other lords of Earth present there, these words, 1
— Without seeking hath this occasion arrived, when the gates
of heaven have become wide open ! Happy are those Kshatri-
yas, O Kama, that obtain such a battle ! a Brave heroes,
fighting in battle with brave Kshatriyas equal to them in might
and prowess, obtain great good, son of Radha ! The occa-
sion that hath come is even such I 3 Either let these brave
Kshatriyas, slaying the Pandavas in battle, obtain the broad
Earth, or let them, slain in battle by the foe, win the blessed
region reserved for heroes ! 4 — Hearing these words of Duryo-
dhana, those bulls among Kshatriyas cheerfully uttered loud
shouts, and beat and blew their musical instruments. 5 When
Duryodhana's force became thus filled with joy, the son of
Drona, gladdening" all thy warriors further, said,— In the very
sight of all the troops, and before the eyes of you all, my father,
after he had laid aside his weapons, was slain by Dhrishta-
dyumna ! 6 " 7 By that wrath which such an act might kindle, and
for the sake also of my friend, ye kings, I swear truly before
you all ! Listen then to that oath of mine ! 8 Without slaying
Dhrishtadyumna I shall not doff my armour ! If this vow of
mine be not fulfiled, let me not go to heaven ! 9 Be it Arjuna,


be it Bhimasena, or be it anybody else, whoever will coma
against me I will crush him or all of them ! There is no doubt
in this! 10 — After Acwatthiiman had uttered these words, the
entire Bharata army, united together, rushed against the Panda-
vas, and the latter also rushed against the former." That colli-
sion of brave leaders of car-divisions, Bharata, became exceed-
ingly awful. A destruction of life then set in at the van of
the Kurus and the Srinjayas, that resembled what takes placo
at the last great universal dissolution. 12 * Upon the commence-
ment of that passage-at-arms, various (superior) beings, with
the gods, came there, accompanied by the Apsavax. for behold-
ing those foremost of mon. 13 Filled with joy, the Apsaras
began to cover those foremost of men devoted to the duties of
their order, with celestial garlands, with diverso kinds of celes-
tial perfumes, and with diverso species of gems. 14 Soft winds
bore those excellent odors to the nostrils of all the foremost of
warriors. Having smelt those perfumes in consequence of tho
action of the wind, the warriors once more engaged in battle,
and striking one another began to fall down on the Earth. 16
Strewn with celestial flowers, with beautiful shafts equipt with
wings of gold, and with many foremost of warriors, the Earth
looked beautiful like the firmament bespangled with myriads
of stars. 18 Then in consequence of cheers coming from the
welkin and the noise of musical instruments, the furious pa
age-at-arms distinguished by twang of bows and clatter of car-
wheels and shouts of warriors became exceedingly fierce.'" 17

Section LVIII.

"Sanjaya said, — "Thus raged that great battle Bet'weon thosi
lords of Earth when Arjuna and Kama and Bhimasena tho
son of Pandu became angry.' Having vanquished t'no son of
IDrona, and other great car-warriors, Arjuna, king, addre
ing Vfisudeva, said, 8 — Behold, Krishna of mighty arm
tho Pandava army is Hying away'. Behold, Kama is slaying

* T adopt the Bombay reading. K&la-yuganta is explained

ipralaya. — T.



our great car warriors in this battle ! 3 I do not, thou of
Dacarha'* race, sco king Yudhishthira the just ! Nor is the
standard of Dharma's son, O foremost of warriors, visible ! 4
The third part of the day still remaineth, O Janarddana! No
one amongst the Dhartarashtras cometh against me for fight ! 5
For doing, therefore, what is agreeable to me, proceed to the
spot where Yudhishthira is! Beholding Dharma's son safe
and sound with his younger brothers in battle, 6 I will again
fight with the foe, O thou of Vrishni's race ! — At these words
of Vibhatsu, Hari quickly proceeded on that car 7 to that spot
where king Yudhishthira, along with the mighty Srinjaya car-
warriors of great strength, were fighting with the foe, making
death their goal. 3 During the progress of that great carnage,
Govinda, beholding the field of battle, addressed Sayyasachin,
saying, 9 — Behold, O Partha, great and awful is this carnage,
O Bharata, of Kshatriyas on Earth for the sake of Duryo-
dhana !'° Behold, O Bharata, the gold-backed bows of slain
warriors, as also their costly quivers displaced from their
shoulders ! 11 Behold those straight shafts equipt with wings of
gold, and those clothyard arrows washed with oil and looking
like snakes freed from their sloughs ;12 Behold, O Bharata,
those scimitars, decked with gold and having ivory handles,
and those displaced shields embossed with gold ! 1B Behold
those lances decked with gold, those darts having golden orna-
ments, and those huge maces twined round with gold ! 14 Be-
hold those swords adorned with gold, those axes with golden
ornaments, and the heads of those battle-axes fallen off from
their golden handles.' 5 Behold those iron Kuntas, those short
clubs exceedingly heavy, those beautiful rockets, those huge
bludgeons with spiked heads, those disci displaced from the arms
of their wielders, and those spears (that have been used) in this
dreadful battle ! 16 Endued (while living) with great activity,
warriors that came to battle, having taken up diverse weapons,
are lying, though deprived of life, as if still alive ! 17 Behold,
thousands of warriors lying on the field, with limbs crushed by
moans of maces, or heads broken by means of heavy clubs, or
torn and mangled by elephants and steeds and cars.' 8 Thi
field of battle is covered with shafts and darts and sworffl


and axes and scimitars and spiked maces and lances and
iron Kuntas and battle axes, and the bodies of men and steeds
and elephants, hacked with many wounds and covered with
streams of blood and deprived of life, O slayer of foes ! 19 " 20
The Earth looks beautiful, O Bharata, with arms smeared
With sandal, decked with Angadas of gold and with Kcyuras,
and having their ends cased in leathern fences. 31 With hands
cased in leathern fences, with displaced ornaments, with severed
thighs, looking like elephants' trunks, of many active warriors,"
with fallen heads, decked with costly gems and ear-rings, of
heroes having large expansive eyes, the Earth looks exceed-
ingly beautiful ! 23 With headless trunks smeared all over with
blood, with severed limbs and heads and lips, the Earth looks,
O best of the Bharatas, like an altar strewn with extinguish-
ed fires ?* Behold those beautiful cars with rows of golden
bells, broken in diverse ways, and those slain steeds lying
scattered on the field, with arrows yet sticking to their bod-
ies ! ;S Behold those bottoms of cars, those quivers, thoso
banners, those diverse kinds of standards, those gigantic conchs
of car-warriors, white in hue and scattered all over the field I 26
Behold those elephants, huge as hills, lying on the Earth, with
tongues lolling out, and those other elephants and steeds, depriv-
ed of life and decked with triumphal banners! 27 Behold those
housings of elephants, and those skins and blankets, and thoso
other beautiful and variegated and torn blankets ? z Behold
those rows of bells torn and broken in diverse ways in conso-
quence of falling elephants of gigantic size, and those beautiful
goads set with stones of lap-is lazuli, and those hooks falling
upon the ground !" Behold those whips, adorned with gold,
and variegated with gems, still in the grasp of (slain) horse-
men, and those blankets and skins of the Rarikn deer falling
on the ground but which had served for seats on horse-back. i0
Behold those gems for adorning the diadems of kings, and those
beautiful necklaces of gold, and those displaced umbrellas and
yak-tails for fanning: 3 ' Behold the Earth, miry with blood,
strewn with the faces of heroes, decked with beautiful ear-rings
and well-cut beards and possessed of the splendour of the moon
and stars'. 3 * Behold those wounded warrior in whom life is


not yet extinct and who, lying all around, arc uttering wails
of woe ! Their relatives, prince, casting aside their weapons,
are tending them, weeping incessantly ! ss Having covered
many warriors with arrows and deprived them of life, behold,
those combatants, endued with activity, longing for victory,
and swelling with rage, are once more proceeding for battle
against other antagonist? ,84 Others are running hither and
thither on the field ! Begged for water by fallen heroes related
to them, 35 others have gone in quest of drink ! Many, O
Arjuna, are breathing their last meanwhile ! Returning, their
brave relatives, seeing them become senseless/ 6 are throwing
down the water they have brought and are running wildly,
shouting at one another ! Behold, many have died after hav-
ing slaked their thirst, and many, O Bharata, are dying while
drinking ! 87 Others, though affectionate towards relatives, still
deserting their dear relatives, are seen to rush towards foes in
great battle ! S3 Others, again, O best of men, biting their
nether lips, and with faces rendered terrible in consequence of
the contraction of their bows, are surveying the field all
around ! 39 — While saying these words unto Arjuna, Vasudeva
proceeded towards Yudhishthira. Arjuna also, for beholding the
king in that great battle, repeatedly urged Govinda, saying, —
Proceed, Proceed ! 40 — Having shown the field of battle to Partha,
Madhava, while proceeding quickly, slowly said unto Partha
once more, 41 — Behold those kings rushing towards king Yudhish-
thira ! Behold Kama, who resembles a blazing fire, on the
arena of battle ! 4t Yonder the mighty-bowman Bhima is pro-
ceeding to battle ! Thoy that are the foremost among the
Panchalas. the Srinjayas, and the Pandavas, — they, that is, that
have Dhrishtadyumna for their head, — are following Bhima ! 43
The vast army of the enemy is again broken b_y the rushing
Parthas ! Behold, O Arjuna, Kama is trying to rally the flying
Kauravas ! 44 Resembling the Destroyer himself in impetuosity
and Indra himself in prowess, yonder proceedeth Drona's son,
O thou of Kuru's race, that hero, viz., who is the foremost of
all wielders of weapons ! 4S The mighty car-warrior Dhrishta-
dyumna is rushing against that hero ! The Srinjayas are follow-
ing the lead of Dhrishtadyurana! Behold, the Srinjayas are


falling '"—Thus did fcho invincible Vasudeva describe every-
thing unto the diadem -decked Arjuna. Then, O king, com-
menced a terrible and awful battle. 47 Loud leonine shouts
arose as the two hosts encountered each other, O monarch,
making death their goal. 48 Eeven thus, king, in consequence
of thy evil counsels, did that destruction set in on Earth, O lord
of Earth, of b >th thy warriors and those of the enemy !' " 4D

Section LIX.

"Sanjaya said, — "Then the Kurus and the Srinjayas once
more fearlessly encountered each other in battle, the Tarthaa
being headed by Yudhishthira, and ourselves headed by the
Suta's son. 1 Then commenced a terrible battle, making the
hair to stand on end, between Kama and the Pandavas, that
increased the population of Yama's kingdom. 8 After that
furious battle, producing rivers of blood, had commenced, and
when a remnant only of the brave Samsaptakas, O Bharata,
were left unslaughtered, 8 Dhrishtadyumna, O monarch, with
all the kings (on the Pandava side), and those mighty car-
warriors, the Pandavas themselves, all rushed against Kama
only. 4 Like the mountain receiving a vast body of water.
Kama, unaided by any one, received in that battle all those
advancing warriors filled with joy and longing for victory. 8
Those mighty car-warriors, encountering Kama, were beat off
and broken like a mass of water beat back on all sides when
it encounters a mountain. 6 The battle, however, that took
place between them and Kama made the hair to stand on
end. Then Dhrishtadyumna assailed the son of Radha with a
straight shaft in that battle, and addressing him said,— Wait,
Wait I 7 — The mighty car-warrior Kama, filled with rage, shook
his foremost of bows called Vijayi, and cutting off the bow
of Dhrishtadyumna as also his arrows resembling snakes of
virulent poison, assailed Dhrishtadyumna himself with nine
arrows. Those arrows, sinless one, piercing through the gold-
decked armour of the high-souled son of Prishata, 8 " 3 became
bathed in blood and looked beautiful like so many eoccinella.
Tin mighty car-warrior Dhrishtadyumna, casting aside that


broken bow/ took up another bow and a number of shafts
resembling snakes of virulent poison. With those straight
shafts numbering seventy, he pierced Kama. 11 Similarly, O
king, Kama, in that battle, covered Prishata's son, that
scorcher of foes, with many shafts resembling snakes of viru-
lent poison. The slayer of Drona, that great bowman, reta-
liated by piercing Kama with many keen shafts. 18 Filled with
rage, Kama then, monarch, sped at his antr.g mist a gold-
decked shaft that resembled a second rod of Death. 13 That
terrible shaft, O monarch, as it coursed impetuously towards
Prishata's son, the grandson of Cini, king, cut off into
seven fragments, desplaying great lightness of hand. 14 Be-
holding his shaft baffled by the arrows of Satyaki, O king,
Kama resisted Satyaki with showers of arrows from every
side. 15 And he pierced Satyaki in that encounter, with seven
clothyard shafts. The grandson of Cini, however, pierced him
in return with many arrows decked with gold. 16 The battle then
that took place, king, between those two warriors was such
as to fill both spectators and auditors with fear. Though awful,
soon it became beautiful and a deserving objects of sight. 17
Beholding the feats, in that encounter, of Kama and the grand-
son of Cini, the hair of all the creatures there present seemed
to stand on end. 18 Meanwhile the mighty son of Drona rushed
against Prishata's son, that chastiser of foes, and queller of
the prowess of all enemies. 19 Filled with rage, Drona's son,
that subjugator of hostile towns, addressing Dhrishtadyumna,
said, — Wait, wait, slayer of a Brahmana, thou shalt not
escape me today with life ! 20 — Having said these words, that
mighty car- warrior of great lightness of hand, striving resolu-
tely, deeply pierced the brave son of Prishata, who also strove
to the utmost of his prowess, with many keen and terrible
shafts endued with great impetuosity. As Drona (while alive),
beholding the son of Prishata, sire, had become cheerless
and regarded him as his death, even so that slaver of hostile
heroes, the son of Prishata, beholding Drona's son in that battle,
now regarded him as his death. 21 " 25 Soon, however, remem-
bering that he was unslayable in battle by means of weapons,
rushed with great speed against Drona's son, like the Destroyer


rushing against the Destroyer at the time of the universal
dissolution." 4 Drona's heroic son, however, monarch, behold-
ing Dhrishtadyumna stationed before him, drew deep breaths
in wrath and rushed towards him. 85 Both of them were filled
with great rage at sight of each other. Endued with great
activity, the valiant son of Drona then, monarch, said theso
words unto Dhrishtadyumna staying not far from him : — O
wretch amongst the Panchalas, I shall today despatch thee to
Yarna!* 6 " 27 The sin thou hast committed by slaying Drona
before will fill thee today with regret, to thy great evil, 28 if
thou stayest in battle without being protected by Pfirtha, or
if thou dost not fly away, fool ! 1 tell thee truly ! 29 —
Thus addressed, the valiant Dhrishtadyumna replied, saying, —
That same sword of mine which answered thy sire resolutely
engaged in battle, will today answer this speech of thine ! s0
If Drona could be slain by me, thou that art a Brahmana in
name only, why should I not then, putting forth my prowess,
slay thee also in battle today ? 81 — Having said these words,
the wrathful commander of the Pandava forc:s, viz., the son
of Prishata, pierced Drona's son with a keen arrow. 38 Then
Drona's son, filled with great rage, shrouded every side of
Dhrishtadyumna, king, in that battle, with straight arrows. 88

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