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Shrouded with thousands of arrows, neither the welkin, nor
the points of the compass, nor the combatants all around,
could, monarch, be any longer seen. 84 Similarly, the son
of Prishata, king, shrouded Drona's son, that ornament of
battle, with arrows, in the very sight of Kama. 8 ' The son of
Radha, too, monarch, singly resisted the Panchalas and the
Pandavas and the (five) sons of Draupadi and Yudhamanyu
and the mighty car-warrior Satyaki, in consequence of which
feat he became the cynosure of all eyes. 86 Then Dhrishta-
dyumna, in that battle, cut off the very tough and formidable
bow of Drona's son as also all his arrows resembling snakes
of virulent poison. 57 Drona's son, however, with his arrows,
destroyed, within the twinkling of an eye, the bow, the dart,
the mace, the standard, the steeds, the driver, and the car of
Prishata's son. 88 Bowless and earless and steedless and driver-
less, the son of Prishata then took up a huge scimitar and a
28



2 1 8 MAITABHAIIATA,

blazing shield flocked with a hundred moons. 39 Endued with
great lightness of hand, and possessed of mighty weapons,
that mighty car-warrior, viz., the heroic son of Drona, O king,
quickly cut off, in that battle with many broad-headed arrows,
those weapons also 40 of Dhrishtadyumna before the latter could
come d'-uvn from his car. All this seemed exceedingly wonder-
ty car- warrior A watthaman, however, though
ng vigorously, could not, chief of the Bharatas, slay
the earless and steedless and bowless Dhrishtadyumna although
pierced and exceedingly mangled with many arrows. 4,1 " 43 When,
therefore, king, the son of Drona found that he could not
slay his enemy with arrows, he laid aside his bow and quickly
proceeded towards the son of Prishata. 48 The impetuosity of
that high-souled one, as he rushed towards his foe, resembled
that of Garuda swooping down for seizing a large snake. 4 *
Meanwhile Madhava, addressing Arjuna, said, — Behold, Par-
tha, how the son of Drona is rushing with great speed towards
the ear of Prishata's son ! Without doubt, he will slay the
prince ! 4S mighty-armed one, G crusher of foes, rescue the
son of Prishata, who is now within the jaws of Drona's son as if
within the jaws of Death himself ! 45 — Having said these words,
the valiant Vasudeva urged the steeds towards that spot where
Drona's son was. 47 Those steeds, of the splendour of the moon,
urged by Kecava, proceeded towards the car of Drona's son,
devouring the very skies. 48 Beholding those two of great
energy, viz., Krishna and Dhananjaya, coming towards him,
the mighty Acwatthaman made great efforts for slaying
Dhrishtadyumna soon. 49 Seeing Dhrishtadyumna dragged,
ruler of men, by his enemy, the mighty Partha sped many
arrows at the son of Drona. 50 Those arrows, decked with gold
and sped from Odndlva, approached the son of Drona and
pierced him deeply like snakes penetrating into an anthill."
Thus pierced with those terrible arrows, the valiant son of
Drona, king, abandoned the Panchala prince of immeasur-
able energy. 52 Indeed, the hero, thus afflicted with Dhanan-
jaya's shafts, mounted on his car, and taking up his own.
excellent bow, began to pierce Partha with many shafts. 83
Meanwhile, the heroic Sahadeva, ruler of men, bore away



KARNA PARVA. 21D

on his own car the son of Prishata, that scorcher of foes.* 4
Arjuna then, king, pierced Drona's son with many arrows.
Filled with rage, Drona's son struck Arjuna in the arms and
the chest." Thus provoked, Partha, in that battle, sped at
Drona's son, a long shaft that resembled a second rod of Death
or, rather, Death himself. That arrow of great splendour
fell upon the shoulder of the Brahmana hero.* 6 Exceeding-
ly agitated, monarch, in that battle, by the violence of the
stroke, he sat down on the terrace of his car and swooned
away." Then Kama, O monarch, shook his bow Vijaya and,
filled with rage, repeatedly eyed Arjuna in that battle, desiring
a single combat with him. 83 Meanwhile the driver of Drona's
son, beholding the latter senseless, quickly bore him away on
his car from the field of battle.* 5 Beholding Prishata's son
rescued and Drona's son afflicted, the Panehalas, O king, ex-
pectant of victory, began to utter loud shouts. 60 Thousands
of sweet instruments began to be sounded. Seeing such wonder-
ful feats in battle, the combatants uttered leonine roars. 61 Hav-
ing achieved that feat, Partha addressed Vasudeva, saying,
— Proceed, O Krishna, towards the Samsaptakas, for this is
greatly desired by me ! 6i — Hearing those words of Pandu's
son, he of Dacarha's race proceeded on that car graced with
many banners and whose speed resembled that of the wind or
the mind. 63 ' "



Section LX.

"Sanjaya — 'Meanwhile Krishna, pointing out king Yudhish-
thira the just unto Kunti's son Partha, addressed him in these
words :* — Yonder, son of Piindu, thy brother (Yudhishthira)
is being pursued by many mighty and great bowmen amongst
the Dhartarashtras, all inspired with the desire of slaughter-
ing him !" The mighty Panchalas, difficult of defeat in battle,
are proceeding after the high-souled Yudhishthira from desire
of rescuing him ! 3 Yonder, Duryodhana, O Partha, the king of
the whole world, clad in mail and accompanied by a large
car force, is pursuing the Pandava king!' 1 Impelled by the



220 MAHABHARATA,

desire of slaughtering his rival, the mighty Duryodhana, tiger
among men, is pursuing him, accompanied by his brothers
the touch of whose weapons is as fatal as that of poisonous
snakes and who are all conversant with every mode of warfare. 8
Those Dhartarashtra elephants and horse and car-warriors and
foot are coming for seizing Yudhishthira like poor men for
seizing a precious gem. 6 Behold, checked by Satyaki and
Bhima, they have again been stupified, like the Daityas, that
desired to take away the Amrita, made motionless by Cakra
and Agni ! 7 The mighty car-warriors (of the Kuril army), how-
ever, in consequence of the vastness of their numbers, are
again proceeding towards Yudhishthira like a vast quantity of
water in the season of rains rushing towards the ocean. 8 Those
mighty bowmen are uttering leonine roars, blowing their conchs,
and shaking their bows. 9 I regard Kunti's son Yudhishthira,
thus brought under the influence of Duryodhana, to be already
within the jaws of Death or already poured as a libation on the
sacrificial fire. 10 The army of Dhritarashtra's son, Pandava,
is arrayed and equipt duly. Cakra himself, coming within the
range of its arrows, can scarcely escape. 11 Who will in battle
bear the impetuosity of the heroic Duryodhana who shoots
showers of arrows with the greatest celerity and who, when
angry, resembles the Destroyer himself ? 12 The force of the
heroic Duryodhana's shafts, or Drona's son's, or Kripa's, or
Kama's, would break down the very mountains ! 13 That
scorcher of foes, viz., king Yudhishthira, was once compelled
by Kama to turn his back upon the field. The son of Radha
is endued with great might and great lightness of hand.
Possessed of great skill, he is accomplished in battle. He is
competent to afflict the eldest son of Pandu in fight, especi-
ally when he is united with the mighty and brave sons of
Dhritarashtra I 14 " 11 Of rigid vows, when the son of Pritha
had been engaged in battle with all those warriors, other great
car warriors had struck him and contributed to his defeat. 16
The king, O best of the Bharatas, is exceedingly emaciated in
consequence of his fasts. He is endued with Brahma force,
but the puissant one is not endued with much of Kshatriya
might ! 17 Assailed, however, by Kama, the royal son of Pandu,



EARN A PARVAi 221

viz., Yudhishthira, that scorcher of foes, hath been placed in a
situation of great peril. 18 I think, Partha, that king
Yudhishthira hath fallen ! Indeed, since that chastiser of foes,
viz., the wrathful Bhimasena, coolly beareth the leonine roars of
the frequently-shouting Dhartarashtras longing for victory and
blowing their conchs, 19-80 I think, O bull among men, that
Pandu's son Yudhishthira is dead ! Yonder Kama urges for-
ward the mighty car-warriors of the Dhartarashtras ! 81 The
mighty (Dhartariishtra) car-warriors are surrounding the royal
son of Pritha with the weapons called Sthunakarna, Indra-
jdla, and Pacwpata, and with clouds of other weapons I 89
The king, O Bharata, is deeply afflicted and exceedingly weak-
ened, since the Panchalas and the Pandavas, those foremost of
all wielders of weapons, are proceeding with great speed to-
wards him at a time when speed is of the highest moment,
like strong men rushing to the rescue of a person sinking in a
bottomless sea ! 8S " 8 * The king's standard is no longer visible !
It has probably been struck down by Kama with his shafts !
In the very sight of the twins, Partha, and of Satyaki and
Cikhandin, 8 * and Dhrishtadyumna and Bhima and Catanika,
lord, as also of all the Panchalas and the Chedis, O Bhara-
ta, 88 yonder Kama is destroying the Pandava division with
his arrows, like an elephant destroying an assemblage of lotus-
es. 87 There, those car-warriors of thy army, son of Pandit,
are flying away ! See, see, Partha, how those great warriors
are retreating ! 28 Those elephants, O Bharata, assailed by
Kama in battle, are flying away in all directions, uttering
cries of pain ! 29 There, those crowds of car-warriors, routed
in battle, Partha, by Kama, that crusher of foes, are fly-
ing away in all directions I 80 Behold, Partha, that fore-
most of standards, of the Suta's son, on his car, bearing
the device of the elephant's rope, is seen to move all over the
field ! ?1 There, the son of Radha is now rushing against
Bhimasena, scattering hundreds of shafts as he proceeds and
slaughtering thy army therewith ! ta There, those mighty car-
warriors of the Panchalas are being routed (by Kama) even as
the Daifyas had been routed by Cakra in dreadful battle ! ss
There, Kama, having vanquished the Panchalas, the Pandus,



222 MAHABHARATA.

and the Srinjayas, is casting his eyes on all sides, I think, for
seeking thee ! 34 Behold, O Partha, Kama, as he beautifully
draws his foremost of bows, looketh exceedingly beautiful even
as Cakra in the midst of the celestials, after vanquishing his
foes ! 3S There, the Kauravas, beholding the prowess of Kama,
are roaring and inspiring the Pandus and the Srinjayas with
fear on every side ! se There, Kama himself, terrifying the
Pandus with his whole soul, in dreadful battle, is addressing
all the troops, giver of honors, saying, 37 — [Blessed be ye,
advance, ye Kauravas and rush with such speed that no Srinjaya
may, in this battle, escape with life ! 38 United together, do
this all of you ! As regards ourselves, we will follow you be-
hind !] — Saying these words, he is advancing behind (his troops),
scattering his shafts. 39 Behold Kama, Partha, adorned with
his white umbrella in this battle, and looking like the Udaya
hills adorned by the moon ! 40 With his beautiful umbrella of a
hundred ribs, resembling the moon in full, held over his head,
Bharata, in this battle, 41 Kama, prince, is casting his
glances after thee ! Without doubt, he will, in this battle,
come hither, with great speed ! 4a Behold him, O mighty-arm-
ed one, as he shaketh his formidable bow and shooteth, in this
dreadful battle, his shafts resembling snakes of virulent poison ! 4S
There, the son of Radha turneth towards this direction, be-
holding thy banner bearing the ape, and desiring, Partha,
an encounter with thee, scorcher of foes ! Indeed, he Com-
eth for his own destruction, even like an insect into the mouth
of a lamp !** Wrathful and brave, he is ever engaged in the
good of Dhritarashtra's son. Of wicked understanding, he is
always unable to put up with thee ! 45 Beholding Kama alone
and unsupported, Dhritarashtra's son, Bharata, turneth to-
wards him with great resolution, accompanied by his car force,
for protecting him.* 6 Let that wicked-souled one, along with
all those allies of his, be slain by the3, putting forth thy vigor,
from desire of winning fame, kingdom and happiness ! 47 Both
of you are endued with great strength. Both of you are possess-
ed of great celebrity. When encountering each other in battle,
O Partha, like a celestial and a Ddnava in the great battle
between the gods and the Asuras, let all fche Kauravas be hold



KARNA PARVA, 223

thy prowess !* 3 * Beholding thee filled with great rage and
Karna also excited to fury, O bull of Bharata's race, Duryo-
dhana in wrath will not be able to do anything ! 49 Remembering
thyself to be of purified soul, O bull of Bharata's race, and
remembering also that the son of Radha harboureth a great
animosity for the virtuous Yudhishthira, 50 achieve that, son
of Kunti, which should now be achieved ! Righteously setting
thy heart on battle, advance against that leader of car-war-
riors ! SI There, five hundred foremost of car-warriors, O thou
best of car-warriors, that are endued with great might and
fierce energy,* 2 and five thousand elephants, and twice as many
horse, and innumerable foot-soldiers, all united together, O
son of Kunti, 88 and protecting one another, O hero, are
advancing against thee ! Show thyself, of thy own will, unto
that great bowman, viz., the Suta's son ! Advance, bull of
Bharata's race, towards him with great speed ! 84 There, Karna,
filled with great wrath, is rushing against the Panchalas !
I see his standard approaching towards the car of Dhrishta-
dyumna ! I think he will exterminate the Panchalas !" I
will tell thee, bull of Bharata's race, some good news, O
Partha ! King Yudhishthira the just is living !-f ,s There,
the mighty-armed Bhima, having returned, is stationed at the
head of the army, supported by the Srinjayas and by Satyaki,
O Bharata !" There, the Kauravas are being slaughtered
with keen shafts bv Bhincasena, son of Kunti, and the
high-souled Panchalas ! 58 The troops of Dhritarashtra's son,
with their faces turned from the field, and with blood stream-
ing down from their wounds, are speedily flying away from
battle, struck by Bhima with his shafts ! 59 Bathed in blood,
fch Bharata army, chief of Bharata's race, presents an ex-
ceedingly cheerless aspect like that of the Earth when divested
of crops. 60 Behold, son of Kunti, Bhimasena, that foremost
of combatants, filled with rage like a snake of virulent poison,
and engaged in routing the (Kaurava) host !" Yellow and red
and black and white banners, adorned with stars and moons



* 48 is a triplet ; the third Hue is omitted in certain Bengal texts — T.
t The Bombay edition reads the second line with a slight rariation.— T.



224 MAHABHARATA,

and Suns, as also many umbrellas, O Arjuna, lay scattered
about ! 6 * Made of gold or silver or brass and other metals,
standards are lying about, and elephants and steeds also, scattered
all over the field ! 68 There, those car-warriors are falling from
their cars, deprived of life by the unreturning Panchalas with
shafts of diverse kinds. 64 There, the Panchalas of great speed, O
Dhananjaya, are rushing against the riderless Dhartarashtra
elephants and steeds and cars ! 65 Reckless of their very lives,
O chastiser of foes, those warriors, difficult of defeat in battle,
aided by the might of Bhimasena, are crushing, tiger
among men, the hostile force ! 66 There, the Panchalas are
uttering loud roars and blowing their conchs as they are
rushing against their foes and crushing them with their shafts
in battle ! 67 Behold their great energy and power ! Through
sheer valor, the Panchalas are slaughtering the Dhartarash-
tras like angry lions slaying elephants ! 58 Unarmed, they are
snatching the weapons of their armed foes and with those
weapons thus snatched are slaying their foes that are effectual
smiters, and uttering loud roars ! 69 The heads and arms of
their foes are being struck off and felled on the field ! The
Panchala cars and elephants and horse are all worthy of the
highest praise ! 70 Like swans of great speed leaving the
Manasa lake and rushing into the Ganges, the Panchalas are
rushing against the Kauravas, and every part of the vast
Dhartarashtra force is assailed by them ! 71 Like bulls resisting
bulls, the heroic Kripa and Kama and other leaders are put-
ting forth all their valor for resisting the Panchalas ! 7a The
Panchala heroes headed by Dhrishtadyumna are slaying thou-
sands of their foes, viz., the great car- warriors of the Dharta-
rashtra army already sinking in the ocean of Bhima's weap-
ons ! 73 Beholding the Panchalas overwhelmed by their foes,
the fearless son of the Wind-god, assailing the hostile force, ia
shooting his shafts and uttering loud roars ! 74 The greater
portion of the vast Dhartarashtra army has become exceedingly
frightened 7S Behold, those elephants, pierced by Bhima with
his clothyard shafts, are falling down like mountain summits
riven by the thunder-bolt of Indra ! 7S There, those huge ele-
phants, deeply pierced with the straight shafts of Bhimasena^



KARNA PARVA, 225

are flying away, crushing their own ranks ! 77 Dost thou nut
recognise the unbearable leonine shouts, O Arjuna. of the
terribly-roaring Bhimasena inspired with desire of victory in
battle? 74 There, the prince of the Nishadas, filled with rage,
is coming against the son of Pandu, on his foremost of ele-
phants, from desire of slaying him with his lances, even like
the Destroyer himself armed with his bludgeon !" Struck by
Bhima with ten keen clothyard shafts endued with the splen-
dour of the fire or the Sun, the two arms of the roaring prince,
with lances in grasp, are lopped off! 80 Slaying the prince,
Bhima proceedeth against other elephants looking like masses
of blue clouds and ridden by riders guiding them with skill ! S1
Behold those riders striking Vrikodara with darts and lances in
profusion ! Slaying with his keen shafts those elephants seven
at a time, their triumphal standards also, O Partha, are cub
down by thy elder brother ! As regards those other elephants,
each of them is being slain with ten shafts by him. 84 " 88 The
shouts of the Dhartarashtras are no longer heard, now thafo
Bhima, bull of Bharata's race, who is equal to Purandara
himself, is engaged in battle! 84 Full three Akshavhinte of
Duryodhana's soldiers had been assembled together (in front
of Bhima). They have all been checked by that lion among
men, viz., Bhimasena, in wrath !' — 88

"Sanjaya continued,— 'Beholding that feat, difficult of ac-
complishment, achieved by Bhimasena, Arjuna, with his keen
shafts, destroyed the remnant of his foes. 86 The mighty Sam-
saptakas, lord, slaughtered in battle and routed (by Arjuna),
fled away in all directions, overcome with fear. 87 Many amongst
them (that fell), became the guests of Cakra and attained to
great happiness. As regards Partha, that tiger among men con-
tinued, with his straight shafts, to slaughter the Dhartarashtra
host consisting of four kinds of forces.' " 88



Section LX.

"Dhritarashtra said,— 'When Bhima and Pandu's son
Yudhishthira were engaged in battle, when my troops were
being slaughtered by the Pandus and the Srinjavas,' when, in-

29



826 MAHABHARATA,

deed: my vast tinny was being broken and routed and repeated-
ly became cheerless, tell me, Sanjaya, what the Kauravas
did !' a

"Sanjaya said,— 'Beholding the mighty-armed Bhima, the
Suta's son of great valor, with eyes red in wrath, king, rush-
ed towards him. 3 Seeing thy army fly away from Bhimasena,
the mighty Kama, king, rallied it with great efforts. 4 The
mighty-armed Kama, having rallied thy son's host, proceeded
against the Pandavas, those heroes difficult of defeat in battle. 5
The great car-warriors of the Pandavas also, shaking their
bows and shooting their shafts, proceeded against the son of
Radha.* Bhimasena, and the grandson of Cini, and Cikhandin,
and Janamejaya, and Dhrishtadyumna of great strength, and
all the Prabhadrakas, 7 and those tigers among men, viz., the
Panchalas, filled with rage and inspired with desire of victory,
rushed in that battle, from every side, against thy army. 8
Similarly the great car-warriors of thy army, O king, quickly
proceeded against the Pandava host, desirous of slaughtering
it. 9 Teeming with cars and elephants and horse, and abounding
with foot-soldiers and standards, the two armies then, tisrer
among men, assumed a wonderful aspect. 10 Cikshandin pro-
ceeded against Kama, and Dhrishtadyumna proceeded against
thy son Duscasana, accompanied by a large force. 11 Nakula
proceeded against Vrishasena, while Yudhishthira against Chi-
trasena. Sahadeva, king, in that battle, proceeded against
Uluka.' 2 Satyaki proceeded against Cakuni, and the sons of
Draupadi against the other Kauravas. The mighty car-warrior
Aewatthaman proceeded, with great care, against Arjuna. 13
Gotama's son Kripa proceeded against the mighty bowman
Yudhamanyu, while Kritavarman of great strength proceeded
against Uttamaujas. 14 The mighty-armed Bhimasena, O sire,
alone and unsupported, resisted all the Kurus and thy sons
at the head of their division. 18 The slayer of Bhishma, viz.,
Cikhandin, then, monarch, with his winged arrows, resisted
Kama careering fearlessly in that battle. 16 Held in check,
Kama then, his lips trembling in rage, assailed Cikhandin
with three arrows in the midst of his eyebrows. 17 With those
three arrows sticking on his fore head, Cikhandin looked highly.



KAItNA PARVA. 22 T

beautiful like a silver mountain with three elevated crests. 1 *
Deeply pierced by the Suta's son in that encounter, the mighty
bowman Cikhandin pierced Kama, in return, with ninety keen
shafts.' 9 The mighty car- warrior Kama then, slaying Cikhan-
din's steeds and next his driver with three arrows, cut (iff
his standard with a razor-fa^cd arrow. 20 That mighty car-
warrior then, that .^orcher of foes, filled with rage, jumped
down from his stoedless car and hurled a dart at Kama. 11
Cutting off that dart with three shafts in that encounter,
Kama then, O Bharata, pierced Cikhandin with nine keen
arrows." Avoiding then the shafts sped from Kama's bow,
that best of men, viz., Cikhandin, exceedingly mangled, re-
treated speedily from that spot. 23 Then Kama, monarch,
began to scatter the troops of the Pandavas, like a mighty
wind scattering a heap of cotton. 24 Meanwhile Dhrishta-
dyumna, monarch, afflicted by thy son, pierced Duseasana,
in return, with three arrows in the centre of the chest. 25
Then Dusciisana, sire, pierced his assailant's left arm with
a broad-headed shaft, sharp and straight and equipt with
wings of gold. 25 Thus pierced, Dhrishtadyumna, filled with
wrath and the desire to retaliate, sped a terrible shaft, O
Bharata, at Duseasana. 27 Thy son, however, O king, with
three shafts of his, cut off that impetuous arrow sped by
Dhrishtadyumna as it coursed towards him. 23 Approaching
Dhrishtadyumna then, he struck him in the arms and the chest
with seventeen other broad-headed shafts adorned with gold. 2 '
Thereat Prishata's son, filled with rage, cut off Dusrasana's
bow, sire, with a sharp razor- headed arrow, at which all the
troops there uttered a loud shout. 30 Taking up then another
bow, thy son, as if smiling, held Dhrishtadyumna in check with
showers of arrows from every side. 31 Beholding the prowess
of that high-souled son of thine, the combatants as also Ml;
Siddhas and the Apsaras, became all filled with wonder." We
then saw the mighty Dhrishtadyumna thus assailed by th<
Duseasana to resemble a huge elephant held in check by a
lion." Then many Panchala ear warriors and elephants and
horse, elder brother of Pandu, desirous of rescuing the com-
mander (of the Pandava army), encompassed thy son» M The



228 MAHABHARATA,

battle that commenced, scorcher of foes, between thy war-
riors and the enemy, presented as frightful a sight as that
which may be seen at the destruction of all creatures at the
end of the Yuga.**

" 'Vrishasena, staying by the side of his father, having
pierced Nakula with five arrows made wholly of iron, pierced
him once again with three other arrows. 56 The heroic Nakula
then, as if smiling, deeply pierced Vrishasena in the chest with
a clothyard shaft of great keenness. 87 Thus pierced by his
mighty foe, that scorcher of foes, viz., Vrishasena, pierced his
assailant with twenty arrows and was himself pierced by him
with five. 38 Then those two bulls among men shrouded each
other with thousands of arrows, at which the divisions that
supported them broke. s9 Beholding the troops of Dhrita-
rashtra's son flying away, the Suta's son, following them,



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