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* Tii's is a triplet,— T,



272 MAHAP.ITAP.ATA.

sena the ruler of the Magadhas was slain in battle by Abhi-
idanyu. 8 * After that, ten thousand elephants, of fierce feats,
that used to follow that king, were slain by Bhimasena with his
m ice. 2S After that, other elephant?, and car- warriors, by hun-
dreds, have been destroyed by Bhima in the exercise of his
might. 26 Even thus, Partha, during the progress of this
awful battle, the lvauravas, with their steeds and car-warriors
and elephants, encountering Bhimasena and thee, son of
Panda, have from hence repaired to the region of Death !"
The van of the Kaurava army, O Partha, having been struck
down by the Pandavas, Bhishma shot showers of fierce shafts,
O sire ! 28 Conversant with the highest weapons, he shrouded
the Chedis, the Panchalas, the Karushas, the Matsyas, and
the Kaikayas, with his shafts, and deprived them of life ! 29
The welkin became filled with gold-winged and straight-coursing
shafts, capable of piercing the bodies of all foes, 1 h it issued
out of his bow. 50 He slew thousands of car-warriors, shooting
showers of shafts at a time. In all, he slew a hundred thousand
*»en and elephants of great might. 31 Abandoning the diverse
motions, each of a new kind, in which they careered, those"
wicked kings and elephants, while perishing, destroyed many
steeds and cars and elephants. Indeed, numberless were the
shafts that Bhishma shot in battle. 3 * Slaughtering the Pandava
host for ten days together, Bhishma made the terraces of num-
berless cars empty and deprived innumerable elephants and
steeds of life. 53 Having assumed the form of Rudra or of Upen-
dra in battle, he afflicted the Pandava divisions and caused a
great carnage amongst them. 3 * Desirous of rescuing the wicked
Suyodhana who was sinking in a raftless sea, he slaughtered
many lords of Earth among the Chedis, the Panchalas, and the
Kaikayas, and caused a great massacre of the Pandava army
teeming with cars and steeds and elephants. Innumerable foot-
soldiers amongst the Srinjayas, all well armed, and other lords
of Earth, were incapable of even looking at that hero when he
careered in battle like the Sun himself of scorching splendour. 35 " 3 '
At last the Pandavas, with all their resources, made a mighty
effort, and rushed against that warrior who, inspired with the
desire of victory, used to career in battle even in this way!"



I

KARNA PABVA, 273



V5 ifchoufc availing of any aid, he routed, however, the Panda-
vas and the Srinjayas in battle, and came to !)<• regarded as the

one foren ist hero in the world. 59 Ei iintering him, Cikhan

din, protected by thee, slow that tiger among men, with hi-;
straight shifts. 40 Having obtained thee that art a tiger among
men (as his foe), that grandsire is now stretched on a bed of
arrows, like Vritra when he obtained Vasava for his foe. 41

I The fierce Drona also slaughtered the hostile army for five days
together. II iving made an in penetrable array and caused
many mighty car-warriors to be slain,* 2 that great car warrior
had prot( sted Jayadratha (for some time). Fierce as the Di
troyer himself, he caused a great cai nage in the nocturnal battle. 4 *
Endued with great valour, the heroic son of Bharadwaja con-
sumed innumerable combatants with his arrows. At last, en-
countering Dhrishtadyumna, he attained to the highest end. 44 *
If, on that day, thou hadst not checked in battle all the
(Dhartarashtra) car-warriors headed by the Suta's sun, Drona
then would never have been slain. 45 Thou heldst in check
the whole Dhartarashtra force. It was for this, O Dhanan-
jaya, that Drona could be slain by the sun of Prishata. 45
What other Kshatriya, save thee, could in battle achieve

ich feats for compassing the slaughter of Jayadratha? 41
Checking the vast (Ivaurava) army and slaying many bravo
kings, thou killedst king Jayadratha, aided by the might and
energy of thy weapons I 48 All the kings regard the slaughter of
the ruler of the Sindhus to- have been exceedingly wonder-
ful. I, however, do not regard it so. since it is thou that didst
it and thou art a great car-warrior ! 49 If this vast assem-
blage of Ivshatrivas, obtaining thee as a foe, surfer ex term i-
nation in Cuurse of even a whole day, I should, I think, still

yard these Ivshatrivas to be truly mighty ! so f When Bhishma
and Drona have been slain, the terrible Dhartarashtra host,



* 4-2, 13, ti, conr.toi-.fr one sentence. To avoid a long and cumberoua
structure, I have split it into three parts. — T.

t The sense is this, — since thou art ah!e to destroy the three worlds
in a moment, I would regard these Kshatriyaa tialy might) il it takes
thee a, whole dav to exterminate them.— T.
'3j



274 MAHABHARATA.

Partha, may be regarded to have lost all its heroes ! 51
Indeed, with all its foremost warriors .slain, with its steeds,
cars, and elephants destroyed, the Bharata army looketh
i iday like the firmament reft of Sun, Moon, and stars. 52
Yonder host of fierce prowess, O Partha, hath been shorn of
its splendours toda) T like the Asura host in days of yore shorn
of its splendours by Cakra's prowess ! 53 The remnant of that
grand muster now consists of only five great car-warriors,
viz., Aewatthaman and Kritavarman and Kama and Calya and
Kripa. 5 * Slaying those five great car-warriors today, O tiger
among men, be thou a hero that hath killed all his foes, and
bestow thou the Earth with all her islands and cities on king
Yudhishthira ! 5 ' 5 Let Pritha's son Yudhishthira of immeasur-
able energy and prosperity, obtain today the whole Earth with
the welkin above it, the waters on it, and the nether regions
below it ! 56 Slaying this host like Vishnu in days of yore slay-
the Daily as and the Danavas, bestow the Earth on the king,
like Hari bestowing (the three worlds) on Cakra !" Let the
Banohalas rejoice today, their foes being slain, like the celes-
tials rejoicing after the slaughter of the .Danavas by Vishnu ! 58
If in consequence of thy regard for that foremost of men, viz.,
thy preceptor Drona, thou cherishest compassion for Acwat-
thaman, if, again, thou hast any kindness for Kripa for the
sake of the respect that is due to a preceptor, 59 if, approaching
Kritavarman thou dost not despatch him today to Yama's
abode in consequence of the honor that is due to one's kinsmen
by the mother's side, 60 if, O lotus-eyed one, approaching thy
mother's brother, viz.. Calya the ruler of the Madras, thou
dost not from compassion slay him, 51 I ask thee, do thou,
•with keen-shafts, foremost of men, slay Kama today with
speed, that vile wretch of sinful heart who cherishes the fiercest
■hate for the sous of Pandu I 452 This is thy noblest duty !
There is nothing in it that would be improper. We approve of
it, and there is no fault in the act ! 63 The wicked-souled
Kama is the root, thou of unfading glory, of that attempt,
O sinless one, made in the night for burning thy mother with
.all her children, and of that conduct which Suyodhana adopted
towards you in consequence of that match at dice ?•* Suyodhana





EAR IV A PARVA.

always hopeth for deliverance through Earns. Filled with ra
he endeavours to afflict me also (in consequence of that sup-
port) !•■ lb is the firm belief of Dhritarashtra's royal son,
O giver of honors, that Kama, without doubt, will slaj all
the Parthas in battle cc Though fully acquainted with thy
might, still, O son of Ivunti, Dhritarashtra's son hath selected
war with you in consequence of his reliance on Kama."
Kama also always says, — [I will vanquish the assembled Par-
thas and that mighty car-warrior, viz., Vasudeva of Daciirha's
race !] 58 — Buoying up the wicked-souled son of Dhritarashtra,
the wicked Kama always roareth in the (Kuru) assembly !
Slav him today, Bharata ! M In all the acts of injury, of
which Dhritarashra's smi hath been guilty towards you, the
wicked-souled Kama of sinful understanding hath been the-
leader! 70 I saw the heroic son of Subhadra, <»f oye.3 like those
of a bull, slain by six mighty car-warriors of cruel heart be-
longing to the Dhartarashtra army ! 71 Grinding tliose bulls
among men, viz., Drona and Drona's son and Kripa and othei
heroes, he deprived elephants of their riders and mighty
car- warriors of their cars." The bull-necked Abhimanyu, that?
spreader of the fame of both the Kurus and the Vrishnis,
deprived steeds also of their riders and foot soldiers of weapons
and life. 73 Routing the (Kaurava) divisions and afflicting
many mighty car-warriors, he despatched innumerable men.
and steeds and elephants to Yama's abode! 74 I swear b\
Truth to thee, O friend, that my limbs are burninw at the-
thought that while the son of Subhadra was thus advancing;
consuming the hostile army with his shafts, oven on that occa
sion the wicked souled Kama was engaged in acts of hostility:
to that hero, () lord ! Unable, O Partha, to stay in (hat battle-
before Abhimanyu's face, mangled with (lie shafts of Sublia*
dra's son, deprived of consciousness; and bathed in blood,'
Kama drew deep breaths, intlamed with rage. At last, afflicted
with arrows, he was obliged to turn his back upon the field. 7,s "''
Eagerly desirous of flying away and becoming hopeless of Ijf, .
he stayed for sometime in battle, perfectly stupified, and ex-
hausted with the wounds he had received." At last, hearing
fcbose cruel words of Drona in battle, — words thai wer< - Led



276 MAHABtlAKATA,

to the hour, — Kama cut off Abhimanyu's bow. 73 Made bowless
by him in that battle, five great car-Avarriors then, well- versed
in the ways of foul warfare, slew that hero with showers of
shafts. 80 Upon the slaughter of that hero, grief entered the
heart of every one. Only the wicked-souled Kama and Suyo-
dhana laughed in joy ! 81 [Thou rememberest also] the harsh and
bitter words that Kama cruelly said unto Krishna in the (Kuru)
assembly, in the face of the Pandavas and the Kurus ' 82 — [The
Pandavas, O Krishna, are dead ! They have sunk into eternal
hell ! O thou of large hips, choose other lords now, thou
of sweet speeches ! 83 Enter now the abode of Dhritarashtra
as a serving woman, or, O thou of curving eye-lashes, thy
husbands are no more ! 8 * The Pandavas will not, O Krishna,
be of any service to thee today! Thou art the wife of men
that are slaves, O princess of Panchala, and thou art thy-
self, O beautiful lady, a slave '. 85 Today only Duryodhana
is regarded as the one king on Earth ; All other kings of
the world are worshipping the agency by which his administra-
tion is kept up. 86 Behold now, O amiable one, how all the
sons of Panda have equally fallen ! Overwhelmed by the
energy of Dhritarashtra's son, they are now silently eyeing
one another ! 87 It is evident that these are all sesame seeds
without kernel, and have sunk into hell ! They will have to
serve the Kaurava (Duryodhana), that king of kings, as his

slaves!] 88 Even these were the foul words that that wretch,

viz., the sinful Kama of exceedingly wicked heart, spoke on
that occasion, in thy hearing, O 'Bharata ! 89 Let gold-decked
shafts whetted on stone and capable of taking the life of him
at whom they are sped, shot by thee, quench (the fire of)
those words 90 and all the other wrongs that that wicked-souled
wight did unto thee ! Let thy shafts quench all those wrongs
and the life also of that wicked wight ! 91 Feeling the touch of
terrible arrows sped from Gdiidiva, let the wicked-souled Kama
recollect today the words of Bhishma and Dronn i >2 Let foe-
killing cloth-yard shafts, equipt with the effulgence of light-
ning, shot by thee, pierce his vital limbs and drink his blood '/
Let fierce and mighty shafts, of great impetuosity, sped by thy
arms, penetrate the vitals of Kama today and despatch him to



KAKNA PARVA. 277

Yama's abode Let all the king9 of the Earth, cheerless and
filled with grief and uttering wails of woe, behold Kama fall
down from his car today, afflicted with thy arrows : 08 Let his
kinsmen, with cheerless faces, behold Kama today, fallen down
and stretched at his length on the Earth, dipt in gore and with
his weapons loosened from his grasp ! 36 Let the lofty standard
of Adhiratha's son, bearing the device of the elephant's rope,
fall fluttering on the Earth, ml, off by thee with a broad-headed
arrow ! 97 Let Calya fly away in terror, abandoning the gold-
decked car (he drives) upon seeing it deprived of its warrior
and steeds and cut off into fragments with hundreds of shafts
by thee ! 98 Let thy enemy Suyodhana today, beholding Adhi-
ratha's son slain by thee, despair of both his life and king-
dom!" Yonder, O Partha, Kama, equal unto Indra in energy,
or, perhaps, Cankara himself, is slaughtering thy troops with his
shafts ! l °° There the Pane h alas, though slaughtered by Kama
with his whetted shafts, are yet, O chief of Bharata's race,
rushing (to battle), for serving the cause of the Pandavas. 101
Know, O Partha, that Kama is prevailing over the Panchalas,
and the (five) sons of Draupadi, and Dhrishtadyumna and
Cikhandin, and the sons of Dhrishtadyumna, and Catanika
the son of Nakula, and Nakula himself, and Sahadeva, and
Durmukha, and Janameiaya. and Sudharman, and Satyaki ! ,08 ~ 8
The loud uproar male by those allies of thine, viz., the Pancha-
las, O scorcher of foes, as they are being struck by Kama in
dreadful battle, is heard: 10 * The Panchalas have not at all been
inspired with fear, nor do they turn away their faces from the
battie ! Those mighty bowmen are utterlv reckless of death in
great battle l 10s Encountering even that Bhishma who, single-
handed, had encompassed the Pandvava army with clouds of
shafts, the Panchalas did not burn away their faces from him ! lOS
Tli .. . tin, O chastiser of foes, they always strove with alacrity
to forcibly vanquish in battle their great foe, viz., the invin-
cible Drona, that preceptor of all wii ld< r^ of the bow, that, blaz-
ing lire of weap >ns, that hero who always burnt his foes in battle !
They have never turned their faces from battle, afcared of Adhi-
ratha's son : 107 '' i The hi r >ic Kama, however, with his shafts, is
taking the lives of the Panchala warriors endued with great



278 MAHABHAltATA.

activity as they are advancing against him, like a blazing fire
taking the lives of myriads of insects ! 103 The son of Radha,
in this brittle, is destroying in hundreds the Panchalas that are
advancing against him, — those heroes, that is, that are resolved
to lay down their lives for the sake of their allies !"° It behov-
eth thee, Bharata, to become a raft and rescue those brave
warriors, those great bowmen, that are sinking in the raftless
ocean represented by Kama! 111 The awful form of that weap-
on which was obtained by Kama from that foremost of sages,
viz., Rama of Bhrigu's race, hath been displayed! 112 Scorch-
ing all the troops, that weapon of exceedingly fierce and awful
form is blazing with its own energy, surrounding our vast
army ! us Those arrows, sped from Kama's bow, are coursing
in battle, thick as flights of bees, and scorching thy troops! 114
Encountering Kama's weapon in battle, that is irresistible by
persons not having their souls undfer control, there the Pancha-
las, O Bharata, are flying away in all directions! 115 Yonder,
Bhima, of unappeasable wrath, surrounded on all sides by the
Sriujayas, is fighting with Kama, O Partha, afflicted by the
latter with keen shafts l ui If neglected, Kama will, Bharata,
exterminate the Pandavas, the Srinjayas, and the Panchalas,
like a neglected disease whose germ has entered the body ! m
Save thee I do not see another warrior in Yudhishthira's army
that would come home safe and sound, having encountered the
son of Radha in battle ! 118 Slaying that Kama today with thy
keen shafts, bull among men, act according to thy vow, C)
Partha, and win great fame ! 11D I tell thee truly, thou only
art able to vanquish in battle the Kauravas with Kama amongst
them, and no one else, foremost of warriors ! 120 Achieving
this great feat, viz., slaying the mighty car-warrior Kama,
attain thy object, O Partha, and crowned with success, be
happy, O best of men ! — ' " m



Section LXXIV.

"Sanjaya said, — 'Hearing these words of Kecava, Bharata,
Vibhatsu soon cast off his anxiety and became cheerful. 1
Rubbing then the sfring of GanMva and stretching it ; ho



KARMA TARVA, 279

V.old his bow for the destruction of Kama, and addressed
RLecava, saying, 9 — With thee for my protector, <) Govinda,
and when thou that art acquainted with the past and the future
art, gratified with me today, victory is sure to bo mine ! s Aid-
ed by thee, Krishna, I can, in great battle, destroy the
three worlds assembled together, what need be said of Kama
then ?* I see the Panchala host is flying away, O Janarddana !
I see also Kama careering fearlessly in battle ! 5 I see too the
Bhargava weapon careering in all directions, having been
invoked by Kama, O thou of Vrishni's race, like the puissant
thunder invoked by Cakra ! 5 This is that battle in which
Kama will be slain by mo and of which all creatures will
speak as long as the Earth will last. 7 Today, Krishna, un-
barbed arrows, impelled by my arms and sped from Gdnd'tva,
mangling Kama, will take him to Yama ! 8 Today king Dhrita-
rashtra will curse that intelligence of his iw consequence of
which he hid installed Duryodhana, who was undeserving of
sovereignty, on the throne ! 9 Today, mighty-armed one,
Dhritarashtra will be divested of sovereignty, happiness, pros-
perity, kingdom, city, and sons: 10 I (ell thee truly, O Krishna,
that today, Kama being slain, Duryodhana will become hopeless
of both life and kingdom !" Today, beholding Kama cut into
pieces by me with my arrows, like Vritra in days of yore by
Indra in the battle between the gods and the Asuras, let
king Duryodhana call to mind the words thou hadst spoken
for bringing about pence! 12 Today let the son of Suvala,
O Krishna, know that my shafts are the dice, my Got rid i rn is
box for throwing them, and mv car. the chequered cloth! 13
' ) Govinda, slaying Kama with keen shafts I will dispel
the long sleeplessness of Kuuti's son !■* Today the royal, son
of Kuuti, upon the slaughter of the Suta's son by me. ^hall
be gratified and be of cheerful heart and obtain happini
forever! 15 Today, O Kecava, 1 will shoot an irresistible and
unrivalled arrow that will deprive Kama of life!" Even this,
Krishna, was the vow of that wicked-souled one about my
lughter, viz.. — / will not uxish my feet til/ 1 slay Phal-
guna /" — Falsifying this vow of that wretch, O slayer of
Madhu, I will, with straight shafts, throw dowu his body today



280 MAHABHARATA.

from his car ! 13 Today the Earth will drink tho blood of that
Suta' son who in battle contemns all other men on Earth! 19
With Dhritarashtra's approbation, the Suta's son Kama, boast-
ing of his own merits, had said, — Thou hast no husband now,

Krishna!* 9 — My keen shafts will falsify that speech of his!
Like angry -snakes of virulent poison, they will drink his life-
blood l il Cloth-yard shafts, of the effulgence of the lightning,
shot by myself possessed of mighty-arms and sped from Gdn-
diva, will send Kama on his last journey ! 22 Today the son of
Radha will repent for those cruel words that he said unto the
princess of Panchala in the midst of the assembly, in disparage-
ment of the Pandavas ,23 They that were on that occasion
sesame seeds without kernel, will today become seeds with
kernel after the fall of the Suta's son Kama of wicked soul,
otherwise called Vaikartana ! 2 * — I will save ye from the sors
of Pandit! — even these were the words that Kama, bragging
of his own merits, said unto the sons of Dhritarashtra ! My
keen shafts will falsify that speech of his ! 88 T< day. in the very
sight of all the bowmen, J will slay that Kama who said — i*
will slay all the Pandavas with their sons / 26 — Today, O
•slayer of Madhu, I will slay that Kama, that son of Radha, rely-
in<* on whose prowess the proud son of Dhritarashtra, of wicked
understanding, always disregarded us I 27 Today, O Krishna,
after Kama's fall, the Dhartarashtras with their king, struck
with panic, will fly away in all directions, like deer afear-
ed of the lion! 28 Today, let king Duryodhana repent him-
self, upon the slaughter of Kama, with his sons and relatives,
by me in battle" Today, beholding Kama slain, let the
wrathful son of Dhritarashtra, O Krishna, know me to be the
foremost of all bowmen in battle ?* Today I will make king
Dhritarashtra, with his sons and grandsons and counsellors and
servants, shelterless S1 Today, cranes and other carnivorous
birds will, Ivecava, sport over the limbs of Kama cut off
into pieces with my shafts! 32 Today, O slayer of Madhu,

1 will cut off in battle the head of Radha s son Kama, in the
very sight of all the bowmen ! 53 Today, slayer of Madhu,
I will cut off in battle the limbs of Radha s son of wicked soul
with keen Vipathas and razor-faced arrows ! s * Today the



KARNA PARVA.

heroic king Yudhishthira will cast ofY a great pain and a great;
sorrow cherished long in his heart ! !s Today, O Kecava, slay-
ing the son of Radhii, with all his kinsmen, I will gladden king
Yudhishthira tho son of Dharma ! M Today, Krishna, I will
slay the cheerless followers of Kama in battle, with shafts
resembling the blazing fire or the poison of the snake !*' To-
day, with my straight shafts cquipt with vultnrine foathers,
I will, O Govinda, cause the Earth to be strewn with (tho
bodies of ) kings cased in golden armour ! 58 Today, slayer of
Madhn, I will, with keen shafts, crush the bodies and cut off
the heads of all the foes of Abhimanyu ! 59 Today I will
bestow the Earth divested of Dhartarashtras on my brother, or,
perhaps, thou, O Kecava, wilt walk over tho Earth divested of
Arujna ! 40 Today, O Krishna, I will free myself from the debt.
I owe to all bowmen, to my own wrath, to the Kurus, to my
shafts, and to G&ndiva ! il Today I will be freed from tho
grief that I have cherished for thirteen years, O Krishna, by
slaying Kama in battle like Maghavat slaying Camvara ! 4a
Today, after I will have slain Kama in battle, let the mighty
car-warriors of the Somakas, who are desirous of accomplishing
the task of their allies, regard their task as accomplished ! 4i
I do not know what will be the measure, O Madhava, of tho
joy of Cini's grandson today after I will have slain Kama and
won the victory !* 4 Today I will slay Kama in battle as also
his son, that mighty car-warrior, and give joy to ]>hima and
the twins and Satyaki !* s Today, slaying Kama in dreadful
battle, I will pay off my debt, O Madhava, to the Panchalas
with Dhrishtadyumna and Cikhandin I 46 Today let all behold
the wrathful Dhananjaya fight with the Kauravas in battle and
s'.ay the Suta's son I 47 Once more let me utter my own praises
in thy presence ! 4S In the science of arms there is none equal to
me in the world ! In prowess also, who is there that resembles
mo ? What other man is there that is equal to me in forgive-
ness? In wrath also, there is no one that is equal to me ! 45
Armed with the bow and aided by the prowess of my arms,
I can vanquish the Asuras and the gods and all creatures
united together ! Know that my prowess is higher than the
highest ! i0 Alone assailing all the Kurus and the Valhikas
36



282 MA77A7WAKATA,

with the fire of my shafts issuing from Gawdiva, I will,
putting forth my might, burn them with their followers like a
fire in the midst of a heap of dry grass at the close of winter !"
My palms be ir these marks of arrows and this excellent and
outstretched bow with arrow fixed on the string, On each of
the soles of my feet occur the mark of a car and a standard.
When a person like me goeth forth to battle, he cannot be
vanquished by any one ! sa — Having said these words unto
Aehyuta, that foremost of all heroes, that slayer of foes, with
blood-red eye:-, proceeded quickly to battle, for rescuing Bhinia
and cutting off the head from Kama's trunk.' "* s



Section LXXV.

"■ Tihritarashtra said, — In that awful and fathomless en-
• counter of the Fandavas and the Srinjayas with the warriors
of my army, when Dhananjaya, sire, proceeded for battle,
how, indeed, occurred that fight ?' 1

' Smjaya said, — 'The innumerable divisions of the Pandava
army, decked with lofty standards and swelling (with pride and
energy) and united together in battle, began to roar aloud,
•drums and other instruments constituting their mouth, like



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