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masses of clouds at the close of summer uttering deep roars. 8
The battle that ensued resembled a baneful shower out of
•season, cruel and destructive of living creatures. Huge ele-
phants were its clouds ; weapons were the water they were to
pour ; the peal of musical instruments, the rattle of car-wheels,
and the noise of palms, constituted their roar ; diverse wea-
pons decked with gold formed their flashes of lightning ; and
arrows and swords and cloth-yard shafts and mighty weapons
constituted their torrents of rain. Marked by impetuous onsets,
blood fl )wed in streams in that encounter. Rendered awful by
incessant strokes of the sword, it was fraught with a great
carnage of Fvshatriyas. 5 " 4 Many car-warriors, united together,
encompassed one car-warrior and despatched him to Yama's
presence. Or, one foremost of car- warriors despatched a single
adversary, or one despatched many adversaries united together, 5



KAIINA PAIIVA- 283

Again, some one car- warrior despatched to Yama's abode some 1
one adversary along with his driver and steeds. 8 .me one rid. i
with a single elephant, despatched many car-warrior? and 1
horsemen.* Similarly, Partita, with clouds of shafts, despatched
large numbers of cars with drivers and steeds, of elephants and'
horses with their riders, and of foot soldiers, belonging to the
enemy. 7 Kripa and Cikhandin encountered each other in that
battle, while Stl-tyaki proceeded against Duryodhana; And 8
Crutacravas was engaged with Drona's son, and Yudhamanyu
with Chitrasena." The great Srinjaya ear-warrior Uttamaujas
was engaged with Kama's son Sushena, while Sahadeva, rushed
against Cikuni the king of the Gandharas like a hungry lion
against a mighty bull. 9 The youthful Cat an ilea, the son of
jNiakula, rushed against the youthful Vrishasena the son of
Kama, shooting showers of shafts. The heroic son of Kama
struck that son of the princess of Panehfila with many arrows. 10
Conversant with all modes of warfare, Miidri's son Nakula, that
bull among car-warriors, assailed Kritavarmau. The fting of
the Panchalas, viz., l>hrishtadyumna the son of Yajnasena,
attacked Kama, the commander of the Kaurava army, with all
his forces. 11 Duscasana, O Bhilrata, with the swelling host of
the Samsa-ptalca>8 forming a p>rtion of the Bharata army,
fiercely attacked in that battle Bhima, that foremost of warriors
of irresistible impetuosity. 12 The heroic Uttamaujas, putting
forth his strength, struck the son of Kama and cue off his head/
which fell down on the Earth, tilling the Earth and the welkiir
with a loud noise. 13 Beholding the head of Sushena lying on
the ground, Kama became rilled with grief. Soon, however,
in rage he cut oft' the steeds, the ear, and the standard, of his
son's slayer with many keen shafts. 14 Mea-nwhile Uttamaujas,
piercing with his keen shafts and cutting off with his bright
sword the steeds of Kripa and those warriors also that protectt-d
Kripa's sides, quickly ascended the car of Cikhandin.' * Behold-
ing Kripa deprived of his car, Cikhandin who was on his
vehicle, wished not to strike him with his shafts. The son of
Drona then, covering with his own the car of Kripa, rescued the
latter like a bull sunk in a mire.'* Meanwile Bhima the son of
the Wind-god, clad in golden mail, began to scorch with bia



2.S4- MAHABHARATA.

keen arrows the troops of thy sons like the mid-day Sun scorch-
ing everything in the summer season.' ; ' 17



Section LXXVI.

"Sanjaya said, — 'During the progress of that fierce engage-
ment, Bhima, while fighting alone, beinsr encompassed by in-
numerable foes, addressed his driver, saying, — Bear me into the
midst of the Dhartarashtra host I 1 Proceed, O charioteer,
with speed, borne by these steeds ! I will despatch all these
Dhilrtarashtras to the presence of Yaraa ! — Thus urged by
Bhimasena, the charioteer proceeded, quickly and with great
impetuosity, against thy son's host to that spot whence Bhima
desired to slaughter it. Then a large number of Kaurava
troops, with elephants and cars and horse and foot, advanced
against him from all sides."" 3 They then, from every side,
began to strike that foremost of vehicles belonging to Bhima,
with numerous arrows. The high-souled Bhima, however, with
his own shafts of golden wings, cut off all those advancing
arrows of his enemies. 4 Thus cut off into two or three fracr-
ments with Bhima's arrows, those shafts, equipt with golden
wings, of his enemies, fell down on the Earth. Then, O kinsr,
amongst those foremost of Kshatriyas, struck with Bhima's
shafts, the elephants and cars and horse and foot,' set up a
loud wail, O monarch, that resembled the din made by moun-
tains when riven with thunder. Thus struck by Bhima, those
foremost of Kshatriyas, their limbs pierced with Bhima's
powerful shafts, rushed against Bhima in that battle from
every side, like new Hedged birds towards a tree. When thy
troops thus rushed against him, Bhima of infuriate impetuosit;
displayed all his impetuosity, 6-7 like the Destroyer himself
armed with mace when he burns and exterminates all creatures
at the end of the Yuga. Thy soldiers were unable to resist in
th it battle that fierco impetuosity of Bhima endued with fierce
impetuosity , s like that of the Destroyer himself of wide-open
mouth when he rusheth at the end of the Yuga for exterminat-
ing all creatures. Then, Bharata, like masses of clouds
scattered by thy tempo 3t, the Bh.iraU host, thus mangled and



KARNA TARVA, 285

burnt in that battle by the high-souled Bhima, broke and fled
in fear in all directions. Then the mighty Bhimasena of great
intelligence once more cheerfully said unto his charioteer, 5 " 10 —
Ascertain, O Suta, whether those assembled cars and standards
that are advancing towards me, are ours or the enemy's!
Absorbed in battle, I am unable to distinguish them. Let
me not shroud our own troops with my shafts !" O Vieoka,
beholding hostile warriors and cars and the tops of their stand-
ards on all sides, I am greatly afflicted ! The king is in pain.
The diadem-decked Arjuna also has not yet come. These things,
O Suta, fill my heart with sorrow ! 13 Even this is my grief, O
charioteer, that king Yudhishthira the just should have gone
away, leaving me in the midst of the enemy. I do not know
whether he, as also Vibhatsu, is alive or dead ! This adds to
my sorrow ! 1S I shall, however, though filled with great grief,
destroy these hostile troops of great might ! Thus slaughtering
in the' midst of battle my assembled foes, I shall rejoice with
thee today I 1 * Examing all the quivers containing my arrows,
tell me, Suta, ascertaining the matter well, what quantity
of arrows is still left on my car, that is, how much of what
sort! 18 —

" 'Thus commanded, Vieoka said,— Of arrows, hero, thou
hast yet sixty thousand, while thy razor-headed shafts number
ten thousand, and broad-headed ones number as much. Of
cloth-yard shafts thou hast still two thousand, hero, and of
Pradards thou hast still, Partha, three thousand '. Indeed,
of the weapons, O son of Pandu, the portion that still remains
is not capable of being borne, if placed on carts, by six bul-
locks. 16 Shoot and hurl them, O learned one, for of maces
and swords and other weapons used with the arms alone, thou
hast thousands upon thousands, as also lances and scimitars
and darts and spears ! Never fear that thy weapons will
be exhausted ! 17 —

"'Bhima said,— Behold, O Suta, today this awful battle in
which everything will be shrouded with my impetuous arrows
sped fiercely from my bow and mangling all my foes, and in
consequence of which the very Sun will disappear from the
il-jlU. making the latter resemble the dark domains of Death !*■



286 MAHABBARATA,

Today, even this will be known to all the Kshatriyas including
the very children, Suta, viz., that Bhimasena hath succumb-
ed in battle or that, alone, he hath subjugated all the Kurus ! 19
Today, let all the Kauravas fall in battle or let all the world
applaud me beginning with the feats of my earliest years !
Alone, I will overthrow them all, or let all of them strike
Bhimasena down ! 20 Let the gods that aid in the achievement
of the best acts, bless me ! Let that slayer of foes, viz., Arjuna,
come here now like Cakra, duly invoked, quickly coming to a
sacrifice ? l Behold, the Bharata host is breaking ! Whv do
those kings fly away ? It is evident that Savyasfichin, that fore-
most of men, is quickly shrouding that host with his shafts ! 8 *
Behold, those standards, Vicoka, and elephants and steeds
and bands of foot-soldiers are flying away ! Behold, these cars 5 ,
assailed with shafts and darts, with those warriors riding on
them, are being scattered, O Suta ! 2S Yonder, the Kaurava
host, assailed with the shafts, equipt with wings of gold and
feathers of peacocks, of Dhananjaya and resembling thunder-
bolts in force, though slaughtered extensively, is repeatedly
filling its gaps ! 2 * There, cars and steeds and elephants are fly-
ing away, crushing down bands of foot-soldiers ! Indeed, all
the Kauravas, having lost their senses, are flying away, like
elephants filled with fear at a forest conflagration, 85 and utter
ing cries of woe ! Those huge elephants, again, Vieoka are
uttering loud cries, assailed with shafts. 26 —

" 'Vi<;.oka said, — How is it, O Bhima, that thou dost not
hear the loud twang of the yawning Gciadiva stretched by
Piirtha in wrath ? Are these two ears of thine gone '. 21 All
thy wishes, son of Pfimlu, have been fulfilled ! Yonder the
Ape (on Arjuna s banner) is seen in the midst of the elephant
force (of the enemy) ! Behold, the string of Gdndiva is flash-
ing repeatedly like lightning amid blue clouds ! ?a Yonder,
the Ape on Dhananjaya's standard-top is everywhere seen to
ti.< rrify hostile divisions in this dreadful battle ! Even I, look-
ing at it, am struck with fear!" There, the beautiful diadem

CD '

of Arjuna is shining brilliantly ! There, the precious jewel on
the diadem, endued with the splendour of the Sun, looketh
• exceedingly regpl.endejifc ! M There, beside him, behold bis conch



KARNA PARYA, 887

Devddatta of loud blare and the hue of a white cloud !
There, by the side of Janarddana, reins in hand, as he pene-
trates into the midst of the hostile army, behold his discus
of solar effulgence, its nave hard as thunder, and its edge
sharp as a razor ! Behold, O hero, that discus of Kecava,
that enhancer of his fame, which is always worshipped by the
Yadus ! 3I " 8a There, the trunks, resembling lofty trees perfectly
straight, of huge elephants, cut off by lviritin, are falling upon
the Earth ! There those huge creatures also, with their riders,
pierced and split with shafts, are falling down, like hills riven
with thunder. 38 There, behold, O son of Kunti. the Pdncha*
janya of Krishna, exceedingly beautiful and of the hue of the
moon, as also fchla blazing Kaustubhd on his breast and his
triumphal garland ni Without doubt, that first, and foremost of
all car-warriors, viz., Partha, is advancing, routing the hostile
army as he comes, borne by his foremost of steeds, of the hue of
white clouds, and urged by Krishna ! ;$ Behold those cars and
sieeds and bands of foot-soldiers, mangled by thy younger
brother with the energy of the chief of the celestials ! Be-
hold, they are falling down like a forest uprooted by tho tem-
pest caused by Garuda's wings '.' :i Behold, four hundred car-
warriors, with their steeds and drivers, and seven hundred
elephants and innumerable foot-soldiers and horsemen, slain in
this battle by Kiritin with his mighty shafts l' i7 Slaughtering
the Kurus, the mighty Arjuna is coming towards thy side
even like the constellation Chitra ! All thy wishes arc ful-
filled ! Thy foes arc being exterminated ! Let thy might, as
also the period of thy life, ever increase ! 3S —

Bhima said,— Since, Vicoka, thou tellest me of Arjuna's

arrival, I will give thee four and ten p >pulous villages and a

hundred female slaves and twenty cars, being pleased with

thee, O Suta, for this agreeable intelligence imparted by

thee !— ' "*•



Section LXXVII.

"Sanjaya said, — Hearing the roar- of ears and She leonine
shouts* (of the warriors) in buttle Arjuna addressed Govinda,



28$ KAHABJTAR-ATA.

saying, — Urge the steeds to greater speed !' — Hearing these
words of Arjuna, Govinda said unto him, — I am proceeding
with great speed to the spot where Bhima is stationed !* — Then
many lions among men (belonging to tho Kaurava army), ex-
cited with wrath and accompanied by a large force of cars and
horse and elephants and foot and making the Earth resound
with the whizz of their arrows, the rattle of their car-wheels,
and the tread of their horses' hoofs, advanced against Jaya
(Arjuna) as the latter proceeded for victory, borne by his steeds
white as snow or conchs and decked in trappings of gold and
pearls and gems, like the chief of the celestials in great wrath
proceeding, armed with the thunder, against (the Asura)
Jambha for slaying him. 8 "* Between them and Partha, sire,
occurred a great battle destructive of body, life, and sin, like
the battle between the Aswran and the god Vishnu, that fore-
most of victors, for the sake of the three worlds. 5 Alone,
Partha, decked with diadem and garlands, cut oft' the mighty
weapons sped by them as also their heads and arms in diverse
ways, with his razor-faced and crescent-shaped and broad-head-
arrows of great keenness. 1 Umbrellas, and yak-tails for fanning,
and standards, and steeds, and cars, and bands of foot, and ele-
phants, fell down on the Earth, mutilated in diverse ways, like
a forest broken down by a tempest. 7 Hugo elephants, decked
in housings of gold and equipt with triumphal standards and
warriors (on their backs), looked resplendent, as they were
pierced with shafts of golden wings, like mountains ablaze with
light. 8 Piercing elephants and steeds and cars with excellent
shafts resembling Vasava's thunder, Dhananjaya proceeded
quickly for the slaughter of Kama, even as Indra in days of
yore for riving ( the Asura) Vala. 9 Then that tiger among men,
that mighty-armed chastiser of foes, penetrated into thy host
like a Mafcara into the ocean. 10 Beholding the son of Pandu,
thy warriors, king, accompanied by cars and foot and a
largo number of elephants and steeds, rushed against him. 11
Tremendous was the din made by them as they advanced
against Partha, resembling that made by the waters of the
ocean lashed into fury by the tempest. 13 Those mighty car-
warriors, resembling tigers (in prowess), all rushed in that battle



KARNA PARVA. 289

against that tiger among men, abandoning all Pear of death.* 1
Arjuna, however, routed the troops of those leaders of the
Kurus as they advanced, shooting at him showers of weapons,
like a tempest driving off masses of congregated clouds. 1,1 Those
great bowmen, all skilled in smiting, united together, and pro-
ceeded against Arjuna with a large number of cars and began
to pierce him with keen shafts. 18 Then Arjuna, with his shafts,
despatched to Yama's abode several thousands of cars and
elephants and steeds. 15 While those great car-warriors in that
battle were thus struck with shafts sped from Arjuna's bow,
they were filled with fear and seemed to disappear one after
another from their cars. 17 In all, Arjuna, with his sharp arrows,
slew full four hundred of those heroic car- warriors exerting
vigorously in battle. 13 Thus struck in that battle with sharp
shafts of diverse kinds, they fled away on all sides, avoiding
Arjuna. 13 Tremendous was the uproar made at the van of the
army by those warriors as they broke and fled like that
made by the surging sea when it breaks upon encountering a
mountain. 20 Having routed with his arrows that army struck
with fright, Prithii's son Arjuna then proceeded, sire, against
the division of the Suta's son. 21 Loud was the noise with
which Arjuna faced his foes, like that made by Gadura in
days of yore when swooping down for snakes. 22 Hearing that
sound, the mighty Bhimasena, desirous as he had been of
obtaining a sight of Pfirtha, became filled with joy.* 8 As
soon as the valiant Bhimasena heard of Partha's arrival, he
began, monarch, to grind thy troops, reckless of his very
life. 2 * Possessed of prowess equal to that of the wind, the
valiant Bhima, the son of the Wind-god, began to career in
that battle like the wind itself. 25 Afflicted by him, O monarch,
thy army, king, began to reel like a wrecked vessel on the
bosom of the sea. 26 Displaying his lightness of hands, Bhima
began to cut and mangle that host with his fierce arrows and
despatch large numbers to the abodo of Yama." Beholding
on that occasion the superhuman might of Bhima, Bharata,
like that of the Destroyer at the end of the Yuga, thy warriors
became filled with fright. 8 * Seeing his mightiest soldiers thus
afflicted by Bhimasena, Bharata, king Duryodhana address-
er



298 MAHABIlArUTA.

ed a? all his troops and great bowmen, bull of Bharata's
race, commanding them to slay Bhima in that battle, since
upon Bhima's fall he would regard the Pfmdava troops already
exterminated. 30 Accepting that command of thy son, all the
kings shrouded Bhima with showers of shafts from every
Bide.* 1 Innumerable elephants, king, and men inspired with
desire of victory, and cars, and horse, O monarch, encompassed
Vrikodara. 38 Thus encompassed by those brave warriors on
nil sides, O king, that hero, that chief of Bharata's race,
looked resplendent like the Moon surrounded by the stars. 35
Indeed, as the Moon at full within his corona looks beautiful,
•even so that best of men, exceedingly handsome, looked
beautiful in that battle. 8 * All those kings, with cruel intent
and eyes red in wrath, showered upon Vrikodara their arrowy
downpours, moved by the desire of slaying him. 35 Piercing
that mighty host with straight shafts, Bhima came out of
the press like a fish coming out of a net, 36 having slain
ten thousand unretreating elephants, two hundred thousand
and two hundred men, Bharata, 37 and five thousand horse,
:and a hundred car-warriors. Having slaughtered these, Bhima
•caused a river of blood to flow there. 38 Blood constituted its
•water, and cars its eddies ; and elephants were the alligators
with which it teemed. Men were its fishes, and steeds its
sharks, and the hair of animals formed its weeds and moss. 33
Arms lopped off from trunks formed its foremost of snakes.
Innumerable jewels and gems were carried along by the
current. Thighs constituted its gavials, and marrow its mire.
And it was covered with heads forming its rocks. 40 And
bows and arrows constituted the rafts by which men sought to
cross that terrible river, and maces and spiked bludgeons form-
ed its snakes. And umbrellas and standards formed its swans,
and head-gears its foam. 41 Necklaces constituted its lotuses,
and the earthy dust that arose formed its waves. Those en-
dued with noble qualities could cross it with ease, while thos
that were timid and afrighted found it exceedingly difficult to
cross. 44 Warriors constituting its crocodiles and alligators, it
van towards the region of Yama. Very soon, indeed, did that
tiger among men cause that river to flow. 43 Even as the terri-



KARNA PAR 71, I )].!

blc Vaitarani is difficult of being crossed by persons of un-
refined souls, that bloody river, terrible and enhancing the'
fears of the timid, was difficult to cross. 4 * Thither where
that best of car-warriors, viz., the son of rand:'., penetrated;
thither he felled hostile warriors in hundreds and thousands. 4 *
Seeing those feats achieved in battle by Bhimasena, Duryodhana,
O monarch, addressing Cakuni, ?aid, 46 — Vanquish, O uncle,
the mighty Bhimasena in battle ! Upon his defeat the mighty
host of the Pandavas may be regarded as defeated '* 7 — Thus
addressed, O monarch, the valiant son of Suvala, competent
to wage dreadful battle, proceeded, surrounded by his brothers. 41
Approaching in that battle Bhima of terrible prowess, the
heroic Cakuni checked him like the continent resisting the
ocean. 49 Though resisted with keen shafts, Bhima, disregard-
ing them ail, proceeded against the sons of Suvala. 50 Then
Cakuni, O monarch, sped a number of cloth-yard shafts equipt
with wings of gold and whetted on stone, at the left side of
Bhima's chest. 51 Piercing through the armour of the high-
souled son of Pandu, those fierce shafts, O monarch, equipt
with feathers of Kankas and peacocks, sunk deep into his
body." Deeply pierced in that battle, Bhima, O Bhftrata,
suddenly shot at Suvala's son a shaft decked with gold." The
mighty Cakuni, however, that scorcher of foes, O king, endm
with great lightness of hands, cut off into seven fragment .
that terrible arrow as it coursed towards him. 54 When his
shaft fell down on the Earth, Bhima, O king, became highly
enraged, and cut off with a broad-hcadod arrow the bow of
Suvala's son with the greatest ease. 55 The valiant son ol
Suvala then, casting aside that broken bow, quickly took up
another and six and ton broad-headed arrows." With two
of those straight and broad-headed arrows, O monarch, he
struck Bhima himself; 57 with one he cut off Bhima's standard,
and with two, his umbrella. With the remaining four, tl,
of Suvala pierced the four steeds of his antagonist.' 8 Filled
with rage at this, the valiant Bhima, monarch, hurled in
that battle a dart made of iron, with its statf adorned with
gold.* 9 That dart, restless as the tongue of a si ake hurl<
from Bhima'a arms, speedily fell upon I '• • I th big]



2D2 MAHABI1AKATA.

soucld son of Suvala. 60 The latter then, filled with wrath,
O monarch, took up that same gold-decked dart and hurled
it back at Bhimasena. 61 Piercing through the left arm of the
hisfh-souled son of Pandu, it fell down on the Earth like
lightning flashed down from the sky/ 2 At this, the Dharta-
rashtras, O monarch, set up a loud roar all around. Bhima,
however, could not bear that leonine roar of his foes endued
with great activity. 63 The mighty son of Pandu then, quickly '
taking up another stringed bow, in a moment, monarch,
covered with shafts the soldiers of Suvala's son in that
battle, who were fighting reckless of their very lives. 64 Hav-
ing slain his four steeds, and then his driver, king, Bhima
of great prowess next cut off his antagonist's standard with
a broad-headed arrow without losing a moment. 65 Abandon-
ing with speed that stecdless car, Cakuni, that foremost of
men, stood on the ground, with his bow ready drawn in his
hands, his eyes red like blood in rage, and himself breathing
heavily. He then, O king, struck Bhima from every side with
innumerable arrows. 60 The valiant Bhima, baffling those
shafts, cut off Cakuni's bow in rage and pierced Cakuni him-
self with many keen arrows. 67 Deeply pierced by his power-
ful antagonist, that scorcher of foes, king, fell down on the
Earth almost lifeless. 68 Then thy son, monarch, seeing him
stupificd, bore him away from battle on his car in the very
sight of Bhimasena. 63 When that tiger among men, viz.,
Cakuni, was thus taken up on Duryodhana's car, the Dharta-
rashtra troops, turning their faces from battle, fled away on all
sides, inspired with fear on that occasion of great terror due to
Bhimasena. 70 Upon the defeat of Suvala's son, O king, by
that great bowman, viz., Bhimasena, thy son Duryodhana,
filled with great fright, retreated, borne away by his fleet steeds,
from regard for his maternal uncle's life. 71 Beholding the king
himself turn away from the battle, the troops, O Bharata,
fled away, from the encounters in which each of them had
been engaged. 72 Seeing all the Dhartarashtra troops turn
away from battle and fly in all directions, Bhima, rushing
impetuously, fell upon them, shooting many hundreds of
shafts,' 8 Slaughtered by Bhima, the retreating DhartuiT^h-



KAKNA I'AEVA. 2f):j

tana, king, approaching the spot where Kama was, once
more stood for battle, surrounding him. 7 * Endued with great
might and great energy, Kama then became their refuge.
Finding Kama, bull of Bharata's race, thy troops became
comforted and stood cheerfully, relying upon one another, like
ship-wrecked mariners, O tiger of men, in their distressful
plight, when at last they reach an island. They then, once
more, making death itself their goal, proceeded against their
foes for battle.' " 78 - 77



Section LXXVIII.

"Dhrifcarashfcra said, — 'When our troops were broken in
battle by Bhimasena, what, O Sanjaya, did Duryodhana and
Suvala's son say ? l Or, what did Kama, that foremost of victors,



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