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a near point with many shafts. 7 * Then those mighty car-war-
riors, viz., Kripa and Bhoja and thy son standing at the van
of battle, fell upon and shrouded that bull among the Piindavas,
shooting showers of shafts, like the clouds shrouding the dis-
peller of darkness. 78 Possessed of prowess equal to that of
the thousand-armed (Karttaviryya), Partha then showered his
shafts on Kripa's bow with arrow fixed on it, his steeds, his
standard, and his driver, like the wielder of the thunder in
days of yore showering his shafts on (the Asura) Vali. 7S His
weapons destroyed by Partha's shafts, and his standard also
having been crushed in that great battle, Kripa was afflicted
with as many thousands of arrows by Arjuna as Ganga's son
Bhishma before them (viz., on the day of his fall) by the same
diadem-decked warrior. 77 The valiant Piirtha then, with his
shafts, cut off the standard and the bow of thy roaring son.
Destroying next the handsome steeds of Kritavarman, he cub
off the latter's standard as well. 78 He then began to destroy
with great speed the elephants of the hostile force, as also
its cars with their steeds and drivers and bows and standards.
Thereupon that vast host of thine broke into a hundred parts
like an embankment washed off by the waters. 79 Then Ketjava,
quickly urging Arjuna's car, placed all his afflicted foes on his
right side. 80 Then other warriors, desirous of an encounter,
with their well-equipt cars bearing lofty standards, followed
Dhananjaya who was proceeding with great speed like Indra
proceeding for the slaugther of Vritra. 81 Then those mighty
car-warriors, viz., Cikhaudin and Satyaki and the twins, pro-
ceeding in the direction of Dhananjaya, checked those foes and,
piercing them with keen arrows, uttered terrible roars. 8 * Then
the Kuru heroes and the Srinjayas, encountering one another
with rage, slew one another with straight shafts of great energy,
like the Asuras and the celestials in days of yore in great
battle. 83 Elephant-warriors and horsemen and car-warriors, —
all chastisers of foes, — inspired with desire of victory or ihh

KA.RXA 1'AItVA, 305

patient of proceeding to heaven, foil fast on the field. Uttering
loud shouts, they pierced one another vigorously with well-
shot arrows. 8 * In consequence of those high-soUled warriors
of great courage shooting their arrows at one another in that
dreadful battle and by that moans causing a darkness there,
the points of the compass, cardinal and .subsidiary, became
enveloped in gloom and the very effulgence of the Sun became
totally shrouded.' '" 8 *

Section LXXX.

"Sanjaya said — 'Then, O king, Dhananjaya, desirous of
rescuing Kunti's son Bhima who, assailed by many foremost
of warriors of the Kuru army, seemed to sink (under that
attack), 1 avoided, Bharata, the troops of the Suta's son and
began, with his shafts, to despatch those hostile heroes (that
were opposed to Bhima) to the regions of death. ** Successive
showers of Arjuna's shafts were seen overspread on the sky,
while others were seen to slay thy army. 3 Filling the welkin
with his shafts that resembled dense flights of feathery creatures,
Dhananjaya, O monarch, at that time, became the very Des-
troyer unto the Kurus.* With his broad headed arrows, and
those enpiipt with heads flat and sharp as razors, and cloth-
yard shafts of bright polish, Pirtha mangled the bodies of his
foes and cut off their heads. 8 The field of battle became strewn
with falling and fallen warriors, some with bodies cut and
mangled, some divested of armour, and some deprived of heads. 6
Like the great Vaitarani (separating the regions of life from
those of the dead), the field of battle, king, became uneven
and impassable and unsightly and terrible, in consequence of
steeds and cars and elephants, which, struck with Dhananjaya's
shafts, were mangled and pierced and crushed and cut off in
diverse ways. 7 " 8 The P^arth was also covered with broken

* The first word of 2 is Visriji/a and not Vimridya as read in many
texts. Avoiding Kama's division, Ax j una despatched the assailants of
Bhima who seemed to sink under the pressure brought to bear opon him.
j This seems to be the plain sense of the passage.— T.


shafts and wheels and axles, and with cars that were steedlesa
or that had their steeds and others that were driver less or
that had their drivers. 9 Then four hundred well-trained and
ever furious elephants, excited with wrath, and ridden by war-
riors cased in mail of golden hue and adorned with ornaments
of gold, and urged by fierce guides with pressure of heels
and toes, fell down, struck by the diadem-decked Arjuna with
his shafts, like loosened summits, peopled with living creatures,
of gigantic mountains. 10 " 11 Indeed, the Earth became covered
with (other) huge elephants struck down by Dhananjaya with
his arrows. 18 Like the Sun piercing through masses of clouds,
Arjuna's car passed through dense bodies of elephants with juicy
secretions flowing adown their bodies and looking like masses
of clouds. 13 Phalguna caused his track to be heaped up with
slain elephants and men and steeds, and with cars broken in
diverse ways, and with lifeless heroes deprived of weapons and
engines and of armour, as also with arms of diverse kinds
loosened from hands that held them. 14 The twang of Gdndiva
became tremendously loud, like the peal of thunder in the wel-
kin. 15 The (Dhartarashtra) army then, smitten with the shafts
of Dhananjaya, broke, like a large vessel on the bosom of the
ocean, violently lashed by the tempest. 16 Diverse kinds of
fatal shafts, sped from Gandiva, and resembling burning brands
and meteors and thunder-bolts, burnt thy army. 17 That mighty
host, thus afflicted with Dhananjaya's shafts, looked beautiful
like a blazing forest of bamboos on a mountain in the night. 18
Crushed and burnt and thrown into confusion, and mangled and
massacred by the diadem-decked Arjuna with his arrows, that
host of thine then fled away on all sides. 19 Indeed, the Kauravas,
burnt by Savyasachin, dispersed on all sides, like animals in the
great forest frightened at a forest-conflagration. 20 The Kuru host
then (that had assailed Bhimasena), abandoning that mighty-
armed hero, turned their faces from battle, filled with anxiety."
After the Kurus had been routed, the unvanquishcd Vibhatsu,
approaching Bhimasena, stayed there for a moment." Having
met Bhima and held a consultation with him, Phalguna in-
formed his brother that the arrows had been extracted from
Yudhishthira's body and that the latter was perfectly well,


K-AKNA T'AKV.l, 30?

With Bhimasena'a leave, Dhananjaya then proceeded (once
more against his foes), causing the Earth and the welkin, (>•
Bharata, to resound with the rattle of his car.' 4 He was then
surrounded by ten heroic and foremost of warriors, viz.-, thy
sons, all of whom were Dusgasana's juniors in age.* 5 Afflicting
Arjuna with their shafts like hunters afflicting an elephant
with burning brands, those heroes, with outstretched bows,
seemed to dance, O Bharata, (on their cars). 26 The slayer of
Madhu then, guiding his car, placed all of them to his right 1 .
Indeed, he expected that Arjuna would very soon send all of
them to Yama's presence. 27 Beholding Arjuna's car proceeding
in a different direction, those heroes rushed towards him. Soon,
however, Partha, with a number of cloth-yard shafts and cre-
scent-shaped arrows, cut off their standards and steeds and bows
and arrows, causing them to fall down on the Earth. Then with
some broad-hcadod arrows he cut off and felled their heads
decked with lips bit and eyes blood-red in rage. Those faces
looked beautiful like an assemblage of lotuses. 28 " 30 Having slain
those ten Kauravas cased in golden mail, with ten broad-headed
shafts endued great impetuosity and equipt with wings of gold;
that slayer of foes, viz., Arjuna, continued to proceed.' " 31

Section LXXXL

"Sanjaya said, — 'Meanwhile ninety Kaurava car-warriors
rushed for battle against the ape-bannered Arjuna who wa.i
advancing, borne by his steeds of exceeding fieetness. 1 Those-
tigers among men, having sworn a terrible oath about the other
world* encompassed that tiger among men, viz., Arjuna. 8
Krishna, however, (without minding those warriors), urged tho
white steeds of Arjuna, endued with great speed and adorned
with ornaments of gold and covered with net-works of pearls,
towards Kama's car. 8 Those ninety Samsaptaka cars pursued
Dhananjaya, that slayer of foes, pouring upon him showers of

* Such as— "May we sink in ever-lasting hell if we tly away from
Arjuna : : ' Vide the ouih of the Saimaptakaz in the beginning of DruM



shafts, as he proceeded towards Kama's car. 4 Then Arjuna, with
his keen shafts, cut off those ninety assailants endued with
great activity, along with their drivers and bows and standards.'
Slain by the diadem-decked Arjuna with diverse kinds of shafts,
they fell down like Slddhas falling down, with their cars, from
heaven upon the exhaustion of their merits. 6 After this, many
Kauravas, with cars and elephants and steeds, fearlessly ad-
vanced against that foremost one of Kuril's race, that chief of
the Bharatas, viz., Phalguna. 7 That large force of thy sons,
teeming with struggling men and steeds, and swelling with
foremost of elephants, then encompassed Dnananjaya, checking
his further progress. 8 The mighty Kaurava bowmen shrouded
that descendant of Kuril's race with darts and swords and lances
and spears and maces and scimitars and arrows. 9 Like the Sun
destroying the darkness with his rays, the son of Pandu des-
troyed with his own shafts that shower of weapons overspread in
the welkin. 10 Then a force of Mlecckas riding thirteen hundred
ever-infuriate elephants, at the command of thy son, assailed
Partha in the flank. 11 With barbed arrows and Ndl'ihas and
cloth-yard shafts and lances and spears and darts and Kampu-
nas and short arrows, they afflicted Partha on his car. 12 That
matchless shower of weapons, some of which were hurled by
the elephants with their tusks, Phalguna cut off with his broad-
headed shafts and crescent-shaped arrows of great keenness. 13
With excellent arrows of diverse kinds, he struck all those
elephants and their standards and banners and riders like
Indra striking mountains with thunder-bolts. 14 Afflicted with
gold-winged shafts, those huge elephants decked with necklaces
of gold, fell down deprived of life, like mountains ablaze with
volcanic fires.' 5 Amid that roaring and shouting and wailing

c - f O Q

army of men and elephants and steeds, the twang of Gdndiva,
O monarch, rose high. 16 Elephants, O king, struck (with
shafts), fled away on all sides. Steeds also, their riders slain,
wandered in all directions. 17 Cars, O monarch, looking like the
changeful forms of vapour in the sky, deprived of riders and
steeds, were seen in thousands. 18 Horsemen, O monarch, wan-
dering hither and thither, were seen to fall down deprived of
life by the shafts of Partha. 19 At that time the might of

KARNA i\\K\ A. 809

Arjuna's arms was seen. (So great, was thai, might) that alone,
in that battle, he vanquished horsemen and elephants and car
warriors (that had been assailing him from every side). 30 Then
Bhimasena, beholding the diadem-decked Phalguna encom-
passed, bull of Bharata's race, by a largo (Kaurava) bust
consisting of three kinds of forces, 11 abandoned the small un-
slaughtered remnant of the Kaurava car- warriors with whom
he had been engaged, and rushed impetuously, king, to the
spot where Dhananjaya's car was. 22 Meanwhile the Kaurava
force that still remained after the heavy slaughter, exceedingly
weakened, fled away. Bhima (as already said), beholding Arjuna,
proceeded towards his brother. 23 The unfatigued Bhima, armed
with a mace, destroyed, in that battle, the portion that still re-
mained, after the greater part had been slaughtered by Arjuna,
of the Kaurava horse possessed of great might. 24 Fierce as
the death-night, subsisting upon men and elephants and steeds
as its food, and capable of crushing walls and mansions and
gates of cities, that exceedingly terrible mace of his, Bhima
made incessantly to descend on men and elephants and steeds
around him. That mace, sire, slew numberless steeds and
riders. 25 " 26 With that mace the son of Pandu crushed men and
steeds cased in steel armour. Struck therewith, they fell down
with great noise. 27 Biting the earth with their teeth, and
bathed in blood, these, with the crowns of their heads and bows
and lower limbs crushed, laid themselves down on the field,
supplying all carnivorous creatures with food. 28 Satiated with
blood and flesh and marrow, and eating bones as well, that mace
(of Bhimasena) became, like the death-night, difficult of being
gazed at. 23 Having slain ten thousand horse and numerous foot,
Bhima ran hither and thither in rage, armed with his mace. 80
Then, O Bhilrata, thy troops, beholding Bhima mace in hand,
thought that Yama himself, armed with his fatal bludgeon, was
in their midst. 31 The son of Pandu then, excited with rage, and
resembling an infuriate elephant, ponotratcd into the elephant
division (of the Kauravas), like a Makara entering the ocean."
Having, with his formidable mace, penetrated into that ele-
phant division, the enraged Bhima, within a very short time,
<.!■: patched it to Yama's abode." Wo then beheld thobc in-


furiate elephants with spiked plates on their bodies, falling on
every side, with their riders and standards, like winged moun-
tains. 5 * Having destroyed that elephant division, the mighty
Bhimasena, once more riding on his car, followed Arjuna in
his rear. 55 That great host, thus slaughtered, filled with cheer-
lessness and about to fly away, stood almost inactive, mon-
arch, assailed on all sides with weapons. 36 Beholding that host
lookino - humble and standing inactive, and almost motionles,
Arjuna covered it with life-scorching shafts. 57 Men and steeds
and elephants, pierced in that battle with showers of shafts by
the wielder of Gdndiva, looked beautiful like Kadamva flowers
with their filaments. 58 Thus struck with Arjuna's shafts that
quickly slew men and steeds and cars and elephants, loud wails,
O king, arose from the Kuru army. 59 With cries of Oh and
Alas, and exceedingly frightened, and huddling close to one
another, thy army began to turn round with great speed. 40
The battle, however, continued between the Kurus and the
Pandavas of great might. There was not a single car-warrior
or horseman or elephant-warrior or steed or elephant that was
unwounded. 41 Their coats of mail pierced with shafts and
themselves bathed in blood, the troops looked blazing like a
forest of flowering Acohas. iZ Beholding Savyasachin putting
forth his valor on that occasion, the Kauravas became hopeless
of Kama's life. 43 Regarding the touch of Arjuna's shafts to be
unbearable, the Kauravas, vanquished by the wielder of Gdn-
diva, fled from the field. 44 Deserting Kama in that battle as
they were being thus struck with Arjuna's shafts, they fled
away in fear on all sides, loudly calling upon the Suta's son
(to rescue them). 45 Partha, however, pursued them, shooting
hundreds of shafts and gladdening the Pandava warriors headed
by Bhimasena. 46 Thy sons then, O monarch, proceeded towards
the car of Kama. Sinking, as they seemed to be, in a fathom-
Jess ocean, Kama then became an island unto them. 47 The
Kauravas, monarch, like snakes without poison, took Kama's
shelter, moved by the fear of the wielder of Gdndiva.* 9 Indeed,
even as creatures, sire, endued with actions, from fear of death,
take the shelter of virtue, 43 thy sons, ruler of men, from
fear of the high-souled son of Pandit, took the shelter of the

KARNA PAR71, ,311

mighty bowman Kama.' Then Kama, uninspired with fear,
addressed those distressed warriors afflicted with arrows and
bathed in blood, saying, — Do not fear ! Come to me ! M — Be-
holding thy army vigorously broken by Partha, Kama, stretch-
ing his bow, stood desirous of slaughtering the foe." Seeing
that the Kurus had left the field, Kama, that foremost of all
wielders of weapons, reflecting a little, set his heart upon the
slaughter of Partha and began to draw deep breaths.' 3 Bend-
ing his formidable bow, Adhiratha's son Vrisha once more
rushed against the Panchalas, in the very sight of Savyasa-
chin 5 * Soon, however, many lords of Earth, with eyes red as
blood, poured their arrowy downpours on him like clouds pour-
ing rain upon a mountain." Then thousands of arrows, O
foremost of living creatures, shot by Kama, sire, deprived
many Piinchalas of their lives. 86 Loud sounds of wail were
uttered by the Panchalas, O thou of great intelligence, while
they were being thus smitten by the Suta's son, that rescuer of
friends, for the sake of his friends.' ""

Section LXXXII.

"Sanjaya said, — 'After the Kurus, O king, had been put to
flight by the mighty car-warrior Arjuna of white steeds, the
Suta's son Kama began to destroy the sons of the Panchalas
with his mighty shafts, like the tempest destroying congregat-
ed masses of clouds. 1 Felling Janamejaya's driver with broad-
faced shafts called Anjalikas, ho next slew the steeds of that
Panchala warrior. With a number of broad-headed arrows he
then pierced both Catanika and Sutasoma and then cut off
the bows of both those heroes.* Next he pierced Dhrishta-
dyumna with six arrows, and then, without the loss of a
moment, he slew in that encounter the steeds of that prince.
Having slain next the steeds of Satyaki, the Suta's son then
slow Vi(;oka the son of the ruler of the Kaikavas. 3 Upon the
slaughter of the Kaikava prince, the commander of the Kai-
kaya division, viz., Ugrakarman, rushed with speed and striking
Prascna the son of Kama with many shafts of fierce impetu-
.osity, caused him to tremble. 1 Then Kama, with three


crescent-shaped arrows, cut off the arms and the head of his
son's assailant, whereupon the latter, deprived of life, fell
down upon the ground from his car, like a £? ala tree with its
branches lopped off with an axe. 5 Then Prasena, with many
keen arrows of straight course, covered the steedless grandson
of Cini, and seemed to dance upon his car. Soon, however,
the son of Kama, struck by the grandson of Cini, fell down. 6
Upon the slaughter of his son, Kama, with heart filled with
rage, addressed that bull among the Cinis from desire of slay-
ing him, saying, — Thou art slain, grandson of Cini ! — and
sped at him an arrow capable of slaying all foes. 7 Then
Cikhandin cut off that arrow with three shafts of his, and
struck Kama himself with three other shafts. The fierce son
of the Suta then, cutting off with a couple of razor-faced
arrows the bow and the standard of Cikhandin, struck 8 and
pierced Cikhandin himself with six shafts, and then cut off
the head of Dhrishtadyumna's son. The high-souled son of
Adhiratha then pierced Sutasoma with a very keen shaft. 9
During the progress of that fierce battle, and after Dhrishta-
dyumna's son had been slain, Krishna, O lion among kings,
addressed Partha, saying, — The Panchalas are being extermi-
nated ! Go, O Partha, and slay Kama ! 10 — Thus addressed,
the mighty-armed Arjuna, that foremost of men, smiled and
then proceeded on his car towards the car of Adhiratha's son,
desirous, on that occasion of terror, of rescuing the Panchalas
slaughtered by Kama, that leader of car- warriors. 11 Stretch-
ing his Gandiva of loud twang, and fiercely striking his palms
with his bowstring, he suddenly created a darkness by means of
his arrows and destroyed large numbers of men and steeds and
cars and standards. 1 * The echoes (of that twang) travelled through
the welkin. The birds, (no longer finding room in their own
element), took shelter in the caverns of mountains. With his
full-drawn bow, Arjuna looked resplendent. Indeed, as the
diadem -decked Partha, at that terrible moment, fell upon the
foe, 13 Bhimasena, that foremost of heroes, proceeded on his
car behind that son of Pandu, protecting his rear. Those two
princes then, on their cars, proceeded with great speed towards
Kama, encountering their foes along the way. 1 * During that

KARN'A PAR 71, 813

Interval, the Sufca'a son fought fiercely, grinding the Somakas,
He slew a large number of car-warriors and steeds and elephants,
and covered the ten points of the compass with his shafts."
Then Uttamaujas and Janamejaya, and the enraged Yudha-
manyu and Cikhandin, uniting with Prishata's son (Dhrishta-
dyumna) and uttering loud roars, pierced Kama with many
shafts. 1 ' Those five foremost of Panchala car-warriors rushed
against Kama otherwise called Yaikartana, but they could not
shake him off his car like the objects of the senses failing to
shake off the person of purified soul from abstinence. 17 Quick-
ly cutting off their bows, standards, steeds, drivers, and ban-
ners, with his shafts, Kama struck each of them with fivo
arrows and then uttered a loud roar like a lion. 18 People then
becamo exceedingly cheerless, thinking that the very Earth,
with her mountains and trees, might split at the twang of
Kama's bow while that hero, with shafts in hand and touching
the bowstring, was employed in shooting at his assailants and
slaying his foes. 19 Shooting his shafts with that largo and
extended bow of his that resembled the b:>w of Cakra himself,
the son of Adhiratha looked resplendent like the Sun, with
his multitude of blazing rays, within his corona. 20 The Suta's
son then pierced Cikhandin with a dozen keen shafts, and
Uttamaujas with half a dozen, and Yudhamanyu with three,
and then each of the other two, viz., tho Somaka (Janame-
jaya) and Prishata's son (Dhrishtadyumna) with three shafts. 21
Vanquished in dreadful battle by the Suta's son, O sire, those
five mighty car- warriors then stood inactive, gladdening their
foes, even as the objects of the senses aro vanquished by a
person of purified soul. 23 The fivo sons of Draupadi then,
with other well-equipt cars, rescued those maternal uncles of
theirs that were sinking in the Karna-occan, like persons
rescuing from the depths of the ocean ship- wrecked merchants
in the sea by means of other vessels. 23 Then that, bull among
the Cinis, cutting off with his own keen shafts tho innumerable

' arrows sped by Kama, and piercing Kama himself with many
keen arrows made entirely of iron, pierced thy eldest son with

J eight shafts. 24 Then Kripa, and the Bhoja chief (Kritavarman),
and thy son. and Kama himself assailed Satyaki in return


with keen shaft?. That foremost one, however, of Yadu's rac?
fought with those four warriors like the chief of the Daityas
-fighting with the regents of the (four) quarters. 28 With his
twanging bow stretched to its fullest limits, and from which
shafts flowed incessantly, Satyaki became exceedingly irresistible
like the meridian Sun in the autumnal sky. 26 Those scorchers
of foes then, viz., the mighty car-warriors among the Piincha-
las, once more riding on their cars and clad in mail and united
together, protected that Foremost one among the Cinis, like the
Maruts protecting Cakra while engaged in afflicting his foes
in battle. 27 The battle, fraught with the slaughter of men and
-steeds and elephants, that then ensued between thy foes and
the warriors of thy army, became so fierce that it resembled
the encounter in days of old between the gods and the Asuras. 28
Car-warriors and elephants and steeds and foot-soldiers, covered
with showers of diverse weapons, began to move from one
p )int to another. Struck by one another, they reeled or utter-
ed wails of woe in affliction or fell down deprived of life. 29
When such was the state of affairs, thy son Duscasana. the
younger brother of the king, fearlessly advanced against Bhima,
shooting showers of shafts. Yrikodara also rushed impetu-
ously against him, like a lion springing towards a large Ruvu
-deer. 30 The encounter then that took place between those two
^heroes incensed with each other and who engaged in battle's
sport making life itself the stake, became exceedingly fierce,
resembling that between Camvara and Cakra in days of old. 81
They struck each other deeply with shafts possessed of great
energy and capable of piercing each other's body, like two
mighty elephants excited with lust and with juicy secretions
incessantly trickling adown their bodies, fighting with each
other in the vicinity of a she-elephant in her season. sa Vriko-

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