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msny formidable shafts. Piercing Krishna next, with nine
arrows, he struck Partha again with ten shafts. 27 The white"
steeded Arjuna, having before been pierced by Vrishasena with
those formidable arrows, became slightly enraged and set his
heart on the slaughter of Kama's son.* 8 The high-souled and
diadem-decked Arjuna then, his brow furrowed from wrath
with three lines, quickly sped from the van of battle a number
of shafts for the destruction of Vrishasena in that encounter. 25
With eyes red in wrath, that hero capable of slaying Yama
himself if the latter fought with him, then laughed terribly
and said unto Kama and all the other Kaurava heroes headed
by Dnrvodhana and Drona's son, these words: — Today, O
Kama, in thy very sight in this battle, I will despatch the



326 MAHABHAlUTA.

fierce Vrishasena unto Yama's abode with my keen arrows ?
People say that all of you, united together, slew my son, en-
dued with great activity, in my absence, and while he was
alone and unsupported on his car ! I, however, will slay thy
son in the very sight of ye all ! Let all the Kaurava car-
warriors protect him ! I will slay the fierce Vrishasena !
After that, I will slay thee, O fool, even I, viz., Arjuna, in
the midst of battle ! Today I will, in battle, slay thee that
art the root of this quarrel and that hast become so proud
inconsequence of Duryodhana's patronage ! Putting forth my
strength, I will certainly slay thee in this battle, and Bhima-
sena will slay this Duryodhana, this wretch among men,
through whose evil policy this quarrel born of dice hath
arisen ! 80 " 84 — Having said these words, Arjuna rubbed the string
of his bow and took aim at Vrishasena in that battle, and
sped, king, a number of shafts for the slaughter of Kama's
son. 8 ' The diadem-decked Arjuna then, fearlessly and with,
great force, pierced Vrishasena with ten shafts in all his vital
limbs. With four fierce razor-headed arrows he cut off Vrisha-
sena's bow and two arms and head. ss Struck with Partha's
shafts, the son of Kama, deprived of arms and head, fell
down on the Earth from his car, like a gigantic f dla adorned
with flowers falling down from a mountain summit. 87 Behold-
ing his son thus struck with arrows and fall down from his
vehicle, the Suta's son Kama, endued with great activity and
scorched with grief on account of the death of his son, quickly
proceeded on his car, inspired with wrath, against the car of
the diadem-decked Partha. 83 Indeed, beholding his son slain
in his sight by the white-steeded Arjuna in battle, the high-
soulcd Kama, filled with great wrath, rushed against Krishna
and Arjuna.' "* 39



* In numbering the verses of this section, I have followed neither
the Bengal nor the Bombay edition, although in the Bombay edition
there are in all 39 verses in this section as shown above. Almost all the
Bengal texts, so far as this section is concerned, appear to be faulty — T.



Section LXXXVI.

"Sanjaya Baid,— 'Beholding the gigantic and roaring Kama,
incapable of being resisted by the very gods, advancing like
bhe surging sea, that bail among men, viz., he of Dac&rha
race, addressed Arjuna, saying, 1 — That ear-warrior having
white steeds and owning Calya for his driver comet h hither
with whom thou art to contend in battle! Therefore, O
Dhananjaya, summon all thy coolness ! a Behold then, O son of
Panda, the well-equipt car of Kama ! White steeds are yoked
unto it and Radha'a son himself is the warrior that stands upon
it ! 3 Teeming with banners and decked with rows of bells,
it looks like a celestial car borne along the welkin by steeds
white in hue. 4 Behold also the standard of the high-souled
Kama, bearing the device of the elephant's rope, and looking
like the bow of Indra himself that devides the firmament by a
clear line. 5 Behold Kama as he advanceth from desire of
doing what is agreeable to Dhritarashtra's son, shooting show-
ers of shafts like the clouds pouring torrents of rain ! 6 There
the royal chief of the Madras, stationed on the fore-part of
the car, guideth the steeds of Radha's son of immeasurable
energy ! 7 Hear the peal of their drums and the fierce blare
of their conchs ! Hear, son of Panda, the diverse leonine
roars coming from every side ! 8 Hear the terrible twang,
silencing all other loud sounds, of the bow (Vijaya) stretched
by Kama of immeasurable energy ! 9 There, the mighty car-
warriors among the Panchalas, with their followers, are break-
ing like a herd of deer in the great forest at the sight of an
angry lion ! 10 It behov^th thee, son of Kunti, to slay the
Suta's son with every care ! No other person save thee can
venture to bear the shafts of Kama I' 1 It is well known to me
that thou art competent to vanquish in battle the three worlds
with all their mobile and immobile creatures including the
very gods and the Gandharvaa /'■ What need be said about
battling with that puissant one, when people are incapable of
even gazing at him, viz., the fierce and terrible L;ana, that
grei'.t god, the three eyed £arva, otherwise called Kaparddin . /1S
Thou, however, hadst, by battle, gratified that god of gods



328 MAHABHARATA,

himself, that Civa who is the source of bliss unto all creatures,
that deity called Sthanu ! The other deities also have all given
thee boons P.* Through the grace, O Partha, of that god of
gods, that deity armed with trident, slay Kama, mighty-
armed one, like Indra slaying the A sura Namuchi ! Lefi
prosperity be ever to thee, O Partha, and do thou obtaiu
victory in battlo !' 15 —

" 'Arjuna said, — My victory, Krishna, is certain ! There
is no doubt in this, since thou, O slayer of Madhu, that art
the master of all the worlds, art gratified with me ! 16 Urge
the steeds, O Hrishikeca, and my car, O great car-warrior !
Today Phalguna will not return from battle without slaying
Kama ! 17 Behold Kama slain today and cut into pieces with
my shafts ! Or, Govinda, thou wilt today behold me slain
with ( Kama's ) arrows ! 18 That terrible battle, capable of
stupifying the three worlds, is at hand ! As long as the Earth
will last, people will speak of it ! 19 — Saying these words unto
Krishna who is never tired with exertion, Partha quickly
proceeded on his car against Kama like an elephant against
a rival elephant. 20 Once more Partha of great energy said
unto Krishna, that chastiser of foes, these words, viz.,— Urge
the steeds, O Hrishikeca, for time passeth !— Thus addressed
by the high-souled son of Pandu, 21 Kecava wished him victory
and urged those steeds fleet as thought. Then that car of
Panda's son, possessed of great speed, soon reached the front
of Kama's car.' ""



Section LXXXVII.

"Sanjaya said, — 'Beholding Vrishasena slain, Kama, filled
with grief and rage, shed tears from his eyes for the death
of his son. 1 Endued with great energy, with eyes red as
copper from rage, Kama proceeded in the face of his foe,
having summoned Dhananjaya to battle. 2 Then those two
cars, both possessed of solar effulgence and covered with tiger-
skins, when they camo together, looked like two Suns close
to each other. 3 Both having white steeds and both crushers of
foes, those two great bowmen, those two warriors possessed of



KABNA PAltVA, 329

Solar effulgence, Looked resplendent like the [ ,>nn and ihe Moon
in the firmament. 4 Beholding those cwo warriors that resi m
bled Indra and Virochana's sun (Vali) carefully preparing for
battle for the conquest of the three worlds, all creatures
were filled with wonder. 5 Seeing those two warriors rushing
towards each other with the clatter of car- wheels, the twang
of bows, the sound of palms, the whizz of arrows, and leonine
Shouts, and seeing also their standards, viz.. that of Kama
bearing the elephant's rope and that of Partha bearing tho
ape, approach each other, all the lords of Earth became filled
with wonder. 6 " 7 Seeing those two car-warriors ensealed with
each other, O Bharata, all the kings uttered leonine shouts
and cheered them repeatedly with applause. 3 Beholding that-
single combat between Partha and Kama, thousands of com-
batants there slapped their arm-pits and waved their garments
on the air. 9 The Kauravas beat their musical instruments and
blew their numerous conchs for gladdening Kama. 10 Similarly,
all the Pandavas, for gladdening Dhananjaya, caused every
point of the compass to resound with the blasts of their trum-
pets and conchs.' 1 With those leonine shouts and the slaps
on arm pits and other loud cries and roars of brave warriors,
tremendous became the noise there on the occasion of that
encounter between Kama and Arjuna. 18 People beheld those
two tigers among men, those two foremost of car-warriors,
stationed on their cars, each armed with his formidably bow,
each equipt with arrows and darts, and each owning a lofty
standard. 13 Both were clad in mail, both had scimitars tied to
their belts, both had white steeds, and both were adorned with
excellent conchs. One had Krishna for driver on his car, and
the other had Calya. Both of them were great car-warriors and
both looked alike. 14 Both possessed of leonine necks and I

' arms, the eyes of both were red, and both were adorned with
garlands of gold. B>th were armed with bows that seemed to

1 flash like lightning, and both were adorned with wealth of
weapons. 15 Both had yak tails for being fanned therewith,
and both were decked with white umbrellas held over them.
Both had excellent quivers and both looked exceedingly hand-
some," The limbs of both were smeared with red sandal-paste
42



330 MAHABHARATA.

and both looked like infuriate bulls. Both were broad-necked
like the lion, both were broad-chested, and both endued with
great strength. 17 Challenging each other, O king, each desired
to slay the other. And they rushed against each other like
two mighty bulls in a cowpen. 18 They were like a couple of
infuriate elephants or of angry mountains or of infant snakes
of virulent poison or of all destroying Yamas. 19 Enraged with
each other like Indra and Vritra, they looked like the Sun and
the Moon in splendour. Filled with wrath, they resembled two
mighty planets risen for the destruction of the world at the
end of the Yuga. i0 Both of them born of celestial fathers,
and both resembling gods in beauty, they were of godlike
energy. Indeed, they looked like the Sun and the Moon come
of their own accord on the field of battle. 21 Both of them
endued with great might, both filled with pride in battle,
they were armed with diverse weapons. Beholding those two
tigers among men, those two heroes endued with the impetu-
osity of tigers, thy troops, O monarch, were filled with great
joy. 22 Seeing those two tigers among men, viz., Kama and
Dliananjaya, engaged in battle, a doubt entered the hearts of
all as to which of them would be victorious. 23 Both armed
with superior weapons, and both well-practised in battle, both
made the welkin resound with the slaps on their arm-pits. 84
Both possessed of great celebrity in consequence of prowess
and might, they resembled the Asura Camvara and the chief
of the celestials in respect of their skill in battle. 28 Both
equal to Kartaviryya or Dacaratha's son in battle, both re-
sembled Vishnu himself in energy or Bhava himself in fight. 26
Both had white steeds, O king, and both were borne on fore-
most of cars. Both of them, again, had foremost of drivers
in that great battle. 27 Beholding, O monarch, those two great
car-warriors looking resplendent on their cars, the bands of
Siddhas and Charanas that came there became filled with
wonder. 28 The Dhartarashtras then, O bull of Bharata's race,
with their troops, encompassed the high-souled Kama, that
ornament of battle, without losing any time. 29 Similarly the
Pandavas headed by Dhrishtadyumna, filled with joy, encom-
passed the high-souled Pilrtha who was unrivalled in battle,"



KARNA TAHVA. 33 T

Kama became the stake, O monarch, of thy army in that
battle, while Partha became the stake of the Piindavas. 31 The
soldiers of both sides were as members of that assembly and
became the spectators of that game. Indeed, as regards the
parties engaged in the game of battle, either victory or defeat
was certain. 88 Those two then, viz., Kama and Arjuna, for
victory or the reverse, began the match between ourselves
and the Pandavas both standing on the field of battle. 8 *
Skilled in fight, the two heroes, O monarch, in that encounter,
became highly enraged with each other and wished to slay
each other. 34 Desiring to take each other's life, like Indra and
Vritra, O lord, they faced each other like two mighty comets
of terrible form." Then in the sky, differences and disputes,
accompanied with revilings, arose among the creatures there,
O bull of Bharata's race, on the subject of Kama and Arjuna.
All the inhabitants of the world, O sire, were heard to differ
amongst themselves. 86 The gods, the Ddnavas, the Gandhar-
vas, the Picdchas, the Snakes, the Rdkshasas, adopted oppo-
site sides in that encounter between Kama and Arjuna. 87
The welkin, O monarch, with all the stars, became anxious
on Kama's account, while the wide Earth became so on.
Partha's account, like the mother for her son. 88 The rivers,
the seas, the mountains, O best of men, the trees, the decidu-
ous plants and herbs, took the side of the diadem-decked
Arjuna. 89 The Asuras, the Ydtudhdnas, the Guliyalris, O
scorcher of foes, and ravens and other rangers of the sky,
sided Kama.* All the gems and precious jewels, the four
Vcdas with the histories as the fifth, the Upavedas, the Upa-
nishads, with all their mysteries, and the compilations, 41 and
Vasuki, and Chitrasena, and Takshaka, and Upatakshaka, and
all the mountains, and all the offspring of Kadru with their
children, all the great snakes endued with poison, and the
Ncigas, took the side of Arjuna." Airdvata and his children,
the offspring of Surabhi, the offspring of Vairjlli, and the
Bhogins,— these sided Arjuna. The smaller snakes all sided
Kama. 43 Wolves and wild stags and all kinds of auspicious
animals and birds were, king, for victory to Partha. 44 The
Vaaas, the MaruU, the Sdddhyas, the Bvdras, the Vuwc-



no

oo



2 MAHABITARATA.



devas, and the Acwins, and Agni and Indra and Soma and
Parana, and the ten points of the compass, became the parti-
sans of Dhananjaya, while all the Adityas sided Kama. 45
The Vaicyas, the Cudras, the Sutas, and those castes that
were of a mixed origin, all, O king, adopted the side of
Kadha's son. 46 The celestials, however, with the Pitris, and
with all that were numbered with them as also with their
followers, and Yama and Vaicravana and Varuna were on the
side of Arjuna. The Brahmanas, the Kshatriyas, the sacri-
fices, and those gifts called Dakshinds, were for Arjuna. 47 The
Pretas, the Phcachas, many carnivorous animals and birds, the
Rdkshasas with all the monsters of the sea, the dogs, and the
jackals were for Kama. 48 The diverse tribes of celestial and
regenerate and royal Rishis were for the son of Pandu. The
Gandharvas headed by Tumvuru, O king, were on the side
of Arjuna. 43 With the offspring of Pradhd and Mauni, the
several classes of Gandharvas and Ajisaras, and many wise
wages, having for their vehicles wolves and stags and elephants
and steeds and cars and foot and clouds and the wind, came there
for witnessing the encounter between Kama and Arjuna.* " 51
The gods, the Danavas, the Gandharvas, the Ndgas, the Yaks-
has, the birds, the great Rishis versed in the Vcdas, the Pitris
that subsist upon the gifts called Sivadhci, 62 and asceticism
and the sciences, and the (celestial) herbs with diverse virtues,
came, O monarch, and took up their stations in the welkin,
making a great noise. 53 Brahman, with the regenerate Rishis
and the Lords of creatures, and Bhava himself on his car, came
to that part of the welkin.* 4 Beholding those two high-souled
onos, viz., Kama and Dhananjaya, about to encounter each
other, Cakra himself said, — Let Arjuna vanquish Kama ! —
Surya, however, said, — Let Kama vanquish Arjuna ! ss Indeed,
let my son Kama, slaying Arjuna, gain the victory in this
battle ! — Let my son, slaying Kama, win the victory ! 56 —
Even thus did Surya and Vasava those two foremost of person-
ages, who were there and had adopted opposite sides, disputed
with each other. 57 Beholding those two high-souled ones, viz.,
Kama and Dhananjaya, about to engage in battle, the gods
and the Asuras adopted opposite sides. 58 The three worlds



KARNA PAU7A. So3

with the Celestial Rishis and all the gods and all other crea-
tures, trembled at the Bight." The gods were on the side of
Partha, while the Asuras were on that of Kama. Thus all
creatures were interested in that encounter, Biding (his or
that leader of car-warriors, i. e, the Kuru or the Pandava
hero. 50 Boholding the Self-born Lord of Creation (viz., Brah-
man), th<^ gods urged him, saying, — Let, O god, the success
of these two lions among men be equal I" Let not the vast
universe be destroyed in consequence of this encounter between
Kama and Arjuna ! O Self-born one, say but the word, let
the success of these two be equal !" — Hearing these words,
Maghavat, bowing down unto the Grandsire, represented this
unto that god of gods, that foremost one of all intelligent
beings, saving, 63 — Formerly it was said by thy holy self that
the two Krishnas arc always sure to win victory ! Let it be
(now) as thou hadst then said ! Be gratified with me, holy
one ! 64 At this, Brahman and Icana replied unto the chief of
the celestials, saying, — The victory of the high-souled Vijaya is
certain, 65 i. c, of that Savyasachin who gratified the eater of
sacrificial libations in the forest of Khandava and who, coming
to heaven, rendered assistance to thee, Cakra ! 66 Kama is
on the side of the Danavas. It is proper, therefore, that he
should meet with defeat ! By this, without doubt, the pur-
poses of the gods will be achieved ! 67 One's own business, O
chief of the celestials, should always be important ! The high-
souled Phalguna, again, is devoted to truth and to morality !
He must always be victorious, without doubt. 68 He by whom
the high-souled and holy god having the bull on his standard
was gratified, why should not he, O thou of a hundred eyes,
be victorious, 69 he, that is, who hath for the driver of his
car that Lord of the universe, viz., Vishnu himself' Possess-
ed of great energy of mind and great strength, Partha is a
hero, accomplished in arms and endued with ascetic merit.'
Possessed also of groat energy of body, he bearcth the entire
science of weapons. Indeed. Partha hath every accomplish-
ment. He ought to be victorious, since that would accomplish
the purposes of the gods. 71 In consequence of his greatness,
Partha transgresses destiny itself, whether favorable or un-



33-i MAHABHARATA.

favorable ; and when he does so, a great destruction of creatures
takes place. 74 When the two Krishnas are excited with wrath,
they show regard for nothing. These two bulls among beings
are the Creators of all real and unreal things. 78 These two
are Nara and Narayana, the two ancient and best of Rishis.
There is none to rule over them. They are rulers over all !
Perfectly fearless, they are scorchers of all foes ! 74 In heaven
or among human beings, there is none equal to either of
them. The three worlds with the celestial Rishis and the
Ckdranas are behind these two. 75 * All the gods and all
creatures walk behind them. The entire universe exists in
consequence of the power of these two. 76 Let Kama, that
bull amcng men, obtain these foremost regions of bliss here !
Let him obtain identity with the Vasus or the Maruts /"
Let him, with Drona and Bhishma, be worshipped in heaven,
for Vikartana's son is brave and is a hero. Let the victory,
however, belong to the two Krishnas ! 78 — After those two
foremost ones among the gods (viz., Brahman and Icana),
had said so, the deity of a thousand eyes, worshipping those
words of Brahman and Icana and saluting all creatures, him-
self said, 79 — Ye have heard what has been said by the two
gods for the benefit of the universe ! It will be even so and
not otherwise. Stay ye then, with cheerful hearts ! 80 Hear-
ing these words of Indra, all creatures, O sire, became filled
with wonder and applauded, O king, that deity. 81 The celes-
tials then showered diverse kinds of fragrant flowers and blew
their trumpets. 83 Indeed, the gods, the Danavas, and the
Gandharuas all waited there for witnessing that matchless
single combat between those two lions among men. 83 The two
cars, O king, upon which Kama and Arjuna were stationed, had
white steeds yoked unto them both. And both had excellent-
standards, and both produced a loud rattle. 84 Many foremost of
heroes, approaching the brave Vasudeva and Arjuna as also
Calya and Kama, began each to blow his conch. 85 The battle
then commenced (between the two warriors), inspiring all timid
persons with fear. Fiercely they challenged each other, like



* Literally, "walk behind these two.''— T.



KARNA 1'AUVA. 835

Cakra and Camvara." The standards of the two heroes, per-
fectly bright, looked exceedingly beautiful on their cars, like
the planets Rdhu and Retu risen m the firmament at the

time of the universal dissolution. 87 The elephant's rope on
Kama's banner, looking like a snake of virulent poison and
made of jewels and gems and exceedingly strung and resembl-
ing the bow of Indra, looked resplendent (as it waved in the
air). 88 That foremost of apes, again, belonging to Partha,
with jaws wide open and terrible, and difficult of being gazed
at like the Sun himself, inspired fear by his formidable teeth. 89
The impetuous Ape on the standard of the wielder of Gdndiva,
becoming desirous of battle, rushed from his station and fell
upon Kama's standard. 50 Endued with great impetuosity, the
Ape, darting forward, struck the elephant's rope with his nails
and teeth, like Garuda falling upon a snake. 91 Decked with rows
of little bells, hard as iron, and resembling the fatal noose (in
the hands of Yama or Varuna), the elephant's rope, filled with
wrath, closed with the Ape. 92 Thus in that fierce single combat
between those two heroes, which was the result of what had
been settled at the time of the match at dice, their standards
first battled with each other. Meanwhile the steeds of the one
neighed at the steeds of the other. 98 The lotuseyed Kecava
pierced Calya with his keen glances. The latter also cast
similar glances at the former. 94 Yasudeva, however, vanquished
Calya with those glances of his, while Dhananjaya the son of
Kunti vanquished Kama with his glances. 98 Then the Suta's
son, smilingly addressing Calya, said, — If Partha by any means
slays me in battle today, 96 tell me truly, O friend, what thou
wilt do after that! — Calya answered, saying, — If thou art slain,
I myself will slay both Krishna and Dhananjaya ! 07 — Once more
the ruler of the Madras said, — If. O Kama, the whitc-steeded
Arjuna slays thee in battle today, I myself, on a single car,
will slay b ->th Madhava and Phalguna i 9s —

"Sanjaya continued,— 'Arjuna also asked Govinda a similar
question. Krishna, however, smiling, said unto Partha theso
words of grave import : 9D — The Sun himself may fall down
from his place, the Earth herself may split into a thousand
fragments ; fire itself may become cold. Still Kama will nut



330 MAHABHARATA,

be able to slay thee, O Dhananjaya ! 109 If, however, any
such occurrence takes place, know then that the destruction
of the universe will be at hand ! As regards myself, I will,
using my bare arms, slay both Kama and Calya in battle ! 101 — .
Hearing these words of Krishna, the ape-bannered Arjuna,
smiling, replied unto Krishna who was never fatigued with
exertion, saying, 102 — Calya and Kama, united together, are
not a match for myself alone, Janarddana ! Thou shalt
today, Krishna, behold Kama with his standard and ban-
ners, with Calya and his car and steeds, with his umbrella
and armour and darts and shafts and bow, cut into pieces with
my shafts in battle ! 103 " 4 Thou shalt today behold him with
his car and steeds and darts and armour and weapons, reduced
to dust like a tree in the forest crushed by a tusker ! 10S To-
day the widowhood of the wives of Radha's son is at hand !
Verily, they must have in their (last night's) dreams seen
signs of approaching evil, O Madhava ! 106 Verily, thou shalt
today see the wives of Kama become widows ! I cannot res-
train my wrath at what was done before now by this fool of



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