Pratap Chandra Roy.

The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa (Volume 5) online

. (page 32 of 67)
Online LibraryPratap Chandra RoyThe Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa (Volume 5) → online text (page 32 of 67)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

little foresight when he beheld Krishna dragged to the assem-
bly and when laughing at us he abused us repeatedly in vile
words *: l07 " J Today, Govinda, thou shalt behold Kama
crushed by me like a tree with its load of flowers crushed by
an infuriate elephant. 109 Today, O slayer uf Madhu, thou
shalt, after Kama's fall, hear those sweet words, viz.,— By
good Inch, tlioit of Vrishni's race, victory hath bee,i
thine /"° — Thou shalt today comfort the mother of Abhitnan-
yu with a lighter heart for having paid thy debt to the foe !
Today thou shalt, filled with joy, comfort thy paternal aunt
Kunti ! m Today thou shalt, Madhava, comfort Krishna
of tearful face and king Yudhishthira the just with words-
sweet as nectar !' " lia —

Section LXXVIII.

"Sanjaya said, — 'Meanwhile the welkin, filled with gods and
Ndgas and Asuras and Siddhas and Yakshas and with largo
bands of Gandharvas and Hdhhams and Apsams, and re«


generate Rishia and royal sages and birds of excellent fea-
thers,* assumed a wonderful aspect.' All human beings assem-
bled there beheld those beings of wonderful aspect staying in
the sky, and the sky itself resounded with the v. .ice of musi-
cal instruments and song and adulatory hymns and laughter
and dance, and diverse other kinds of charming sounds.* Then
the Kaurava and the Fandava warriors, filled with joy, and
causing the Earth and the ten points of the compass to
res mnd with the voice of musical instruments, the blare
of conchs, and leonine roars and the din of battle, began to
slaughter each other's foes. 8 Teeming with men and steeds and
elephants and cars and weapons, unbearable to combatants in
consequence of the falling of maces and swords and darts and
rapiers, abounding with heroes, and crowded with lifeles3
bodies, the field of battle, crimsoned with gore, looked exceed-
ingly resplendent. 4 Indeed, the battle between the Kurua
and the Pandavas then resembled that in days of yore between
the gods and the Asuras. After that fierce and awful battle
had commenced between Dhananjaya and Adhiratha's son, each
of those two heroes, clad in excellent mail, shrouded the ten
points of the compass and the host opposed to him with keen
and straight arrows. A darkness having been caused there with
the arrows shot on that occasion, neither thy warriors nor
the enemy could any longer see anything.'" 6 From fear all
the warriors there sought the protection of either Kama or
Arjuna like rays of light spread out in the welkin converging
towards either the Sun or the Moon. The two heroes then,
each baffling with his own the other's weapons like tho
east and the west winds encountering each other, 7 looked ex-
ceedingly resplendent like the Sun and the Moon risen after
despelling the darkness caused by the clouds and covering
the welkin. Each having encouraged his troops, saying, —
Do not fly away ! — the enemy and thy warriors stood their
ground, 8 encircling those two mighty car- warriors like the
gods and the Aswras standing around Vasava and Camvara.
The two armies then greeted those two best of men with the

* Garuda and bis progeny.— T.


sounds of drums and other instruments and with leonine roars, 9
at which those two bulls among men looked beautiful like the
Sun and the Moon greeted by roaring clouds gathered around.*
Each armed with a formidable bow drawn to a complete circle
and looking like a (solar or lunar) corona, those two heroes of
great splendour, shooting in that battle thousands of arrows
that constituted their rays, 10 resembled two unbearable Suns
risen at the end of the Yuga for burning the entire universe
with its mobile and immobile creatures. Both invincible, both
capable of exterminating foes, each desirous of slaying the
other, and each displaying his skill upon the other, 11 those
two warriors, viz., Kama and the son of Pandu, closed fear-
lessly with each other .in that dreadful battle, like Indra and
the Asura Jambha. Invoking the mightiest of weapons then,
those two formidable bowmen began, with their terrible shafts, 19
•to slay innumerable men and steeds and elephants as also to
strike each other, king ! Afflicted once more by those
two foremost of men, the troops of both the Kurus and the
Pandavas, consisting of elephants and foot and horse and
car- warriors, fled away on all sides like other animals in the
forest when assailed by the lion. Then Duryodhana, and the
chief of the Bhojas, and Suvala's son, and Kripa, and the son
of Caradwat's daughter, 13 " 14 — these five great car-warriors, —
assailed Dhananjaya and Kecava with shafts capable of pro-
ducing great pain. Dhananjaya, however, with his shafts, cut
off at the same time the bows, the quivers, the steeds, the
elephants, and the cars with their drivers, of those warriors,
and mangling every one of them with excellent shafts, pierced
the Suta's son with a dozen arrows. Then a hundred cars, a
hundred elephants, and a number of Caka and Tukhara and
Yavana horsemen, acoompanied by some of the foremost com-
batants among the Kamvojas, quickly rushed against Arjuna
from desire of slaying him. Speedily cutting off with the
shafts and razor-headed arrows in his hands the excellent wea-
pons of his foes as also their heads, 18 " 17 and steeds, and ele-

* The second line of 9 and the first of 10, as read in the Bengal texts,
are incorrect and unmeaning, I adopt the Bombay readings.— T,


phants, and cars, Dhananjaya felled his contending enemies
on the field. Then in the welkin blasts of celestial trumpets
were blown by the excellent gods. These were mingled with
the praises of Arjuna. 18 Blown by gentle breezes, excellent
floral showers, fragrant and auspicious, fell (upon Arjuna's head).
Beholding that incident, which was witnessed by gods and men,
all creatures, O king, were filled with wonder. 19 * Only thy son
and the Suta's son who were both of the same opinion, felt
neither pain nor wonder. Then Drona's son, catching hold of
Duryodhana's hand.f and adopting a soothing tone, addressed
thy son, saying, 80 — Be gratified, Duryodhana ! Make peace
with the Pandavas ! There is no need for quarrel. Fie on war !
The preceptor, conversant with the mightiest of weapons and
like unto Brahma itself, hath been slain ! Other bulls among
men, headed by Bhishma, have also been slain !" As regards
myself, I am unslayable, as also my maternal uncle. Rule
the kingdom for ever, (sharing it) with the sons of Pandu !
Dissuaded by me, Dhananjaya will abstain. Janarddana also
doth not desire hostilities.** Yudhishthira is always engaged
in the good of all creatures. Vrikodara is obedient to him.
So also are the twins. Peace being made between thee and
the Parthas, all creatures will be benefited, through, as it
would seem, thy desire !* 9 Let the kings that are still alive
go back to their homes ! Let the troops abstain from hosti-
lities ! If thou dost not listen to my words, king, struck
by foes in battle thou wilt have to burn with grief!* 4
Thou hast beheld, as well as the universe, what has been
achieved by the single-handed Arjuna decked with diadem and
garlands ! The slayer of Vala himself could not achieve its-
like, nor the Destroyer, nor Prachetas, nor the illustrious king
of the Yakshas ! if Dhananjaya, as regards his merits, is even

* In the first line of 19, for nipetu, &c, the Bengal texts incorrectly
read na petu &c. — T.

+ As the touching of hands was not the custom then, I am inclined to
think that Kiram KarenoL &c, means 'squeezing his own hands' It is.
almost a stereotyped expression for signifying agon v Afwatthaman W9»
pained to see the carnage. — X.


much greater than that. He will never transgress whatever
I say unto him. He will alway-s follow thee ! Be thou grati-
fied, king, for the benefit of the universe ! 28 Thou always
honorest me greatly. I, too, bear a great friendship for thee !
It is for this that I say so unto thee ! I shall dissuade Kama
also, provided thou art inclined to peace ! 27 Discerning per-
sons say that there are four kinds of friends, viz., those that
are naturally so, those that are made so by conciliation, those
that become so through wealth, and lastly those brought under
subjection by the exercise of power. All these elements are
owned by thee with regard to the sons of Pandu. 88 The
Pandavas, hero, are naturally thy friends. Obtain them
again as friends for certain by conciliation. If upon thyself
being gratified they agree to become friends, do thou, O king
of kings, act in that way ! 89 — Those beneficial words hav-
ing been said unto him by his friend, Duryodhana reflected
for sometime. Drawing deep breaths, he then, with a cheer-
less heart, said, — It is as thou, friend, hast said ! Listen,
however, to the words that I would say unto thee ! 30 The
wicked-hearted Vrikodara, having slain Duseasana like a tiger,
spoke words that still dwell in my heart ! Thou also heardst
the same ! How then can there be peace ? 31 Arjuna again will
not be able to bear Kama in battle, like a tempest whose force
is weakened when encountering the mighty mountains of Meru.
Nor will the sons of Pritha have the least confidence in me,
thinking of the many acts of forceful hostility (done by me
towards them). 38 Nor, preceptor's son of unfading glory,
doth it behove thee to say unto Kama now — Abstain from
battle ! — Phalguna is exceedingly tired today. Kama will
soon slay him ! 33 — Having with humility said these words
repeatedly unto the preceptor's son, thy son commanded his
own troops, saying, — Armed with arrows, rush against and
slay these foes ! Why stand ye inactive V " 34

Section LXXXIX.

"Sanjaya said,— 'Then when the blare of conchs and the
peal of drums became very loud, those two foremost of men,


both owning white steeds, viz., the Suta's son Vaikartana and
Arjana, encountered each other in consequence, O king, of
thy sun's evil policy. 1 Those two heroes endued with great
impetuosity, viz., Dhananjaya and Adhiratha's son, closed with
each other like two infuriate Himalayan elephants, both of
full-grown tusks, fighting with each other for the sake of a
she-elephant in her season. 2 Like a mass of clouds encounter-
ing another mass, or a mountain encountering a mountain,
those two warriors, both pouring showers of arrows, encoun-
tered each other, their bows loudly twanging the while, and
the wheels of their cars producing a deafening clatter, and
their bowstrings and palms emitting loud sounds. 3 Like two
mountains, both endued with tall cliffs and abounding with
trees and creepers and herbs and both teeming with the diverse
other denizens that are natural to them, moving towards each
other for an encounter, those two mighty warriors encountered
each other, each striking the other with mighty weapons.*
The combat between the two heroes became furious like that
between the chief of the celestials and Virochana's son in days
of yore. Incapable of being endured by others and marked by
a river whose distasteful water consisted of blood, the limbs of
those two heroes, as also their drivers and animals, became
exceedingly mangled. 5 Like two large lakes, both teeming with
lotuses of diverse kinds and fish and tortoises, and echoing with
the voices of diverse kinds of fowl, and softly stirred by the wind,
approaching each other, two cars graced with standards
approached each other. 6 Both endued with prowess equal to
that of the great Indra, both resembling the great Indra himself,
those two mighty car-warriors struck each other with shafts
that resembled the great Indra's thunder, like the great Indra
himself and (the A sura) Vritra.' Both the armies consisting
of cars and elephants and steeds and foot, all equipt with
beautiful armour and ornaments and robes and weapons, and
those also that were in the welkin, were inspired with fear
upon beholding that encounter of wonderful aspect between
Arjuna and Kama. 8 Others among the spectators, filled with
joy and uttering leonine shouts, raised their arms, waving
their fingers or the pieces of cloth they held, when Arjuna


rushed against the son of Adhiratha, from desire of slaughter,
like one infuriate elephant rushing against another. 9 Tho
Somakas then loudly shouted to Partha, saying, — Be quick, O'
Arjuna, go and pierce Kama ! Cut off his head without delay,
and (with it) the desire of Dhritarashtra's son for kingdom ! 10
— Similarly many warriors of ours that were there, said unto
Kama, — Proceed, proceed, Kama, and slay Arjuna with
keen shafts ! Let the sons of Pritha once more go to the
woods for ever ! u — Then Kama first pierced Partha in that
encounter, with ten mighty shafts. Arjuna pierced him in
return with ten keen-pointed shafts, shot with great vigor, in
the centre of the chest. 12 Indeed, the Suta's son and Arjuna
then mangled each other with many shafts equipt with goodly
wino-s. Desirous of obtaining advantage of each other's laches
in that dreadful encounter, with cheerful hearts they rushed
against each other fiercely. 13 Rubbing his two arms and the
string also of Gdndiva, that fierce bowman, viz., Arjuna,
then sped showers of cloth-yard shafts, and Nalikas, and
arrows equipt with heads like boar's ears and razors, and 1
Anjalikas, ' and crescent-shaped arrows. 14 Those arrows of
Partha, king, spread over the welkin, penetrated into Kar-
na's car like flights of birds, with heads bent down, penetrat-
ing in the evening into a tree for roosting there in the night. 18
All those arrows, however, king, that Arjuna, that victor
over all foes, with furrowed brow and angry glances, sped at
Kama, — all those successive showers of shafts shot by the
son of Pandu,— were cut off by the Suta's son with his own
arrows. 16 The son of Indra then sped at Kama a fiery wea-
pon capable of slaying all foes. Covering the Earth and the
welkin and the ten points of the compass and the very course of
the Sun with its effulgence, it caused his own body also to
blaze up with light. 17 The robes of all the warriors took fire, at
which they fled away. Loud sounds also arose there like to what
is heard when a forest of bamboos in a wilderness is on fire. 18
Beholding that fiery weapon acting on all sides, the Suta's son
Kama of great valor shot in that encounter the Vdruna weapon
for quenching it. That conflagration then, in consequence of
Kama's weapon., became quenched. 19 A large mass of clouds


quickly caused all the points of the compass to be enveloped
with darkness. Those clouds whose extremities presented the
aspect of mountains, surrounding every side, flowed the Earth
with water. 90 That fierco conflagration, though it was such,
was still quenched by those clouds within a trice. The entire
welkin and all the directions, cardinal and subsidiary, were
shrouded by clouds. 21 Thus shrouded by clouds, all the points
of the compass became dark and nothing could be seen. Then
Arjuna dispelled those clouds caused by Kama, by means of the
Vdyavya weapon." After this, Dhananjaya, incapable of being
over-mastered by foes, inspired Gdndlva, its string, and his
shafts, with mantras, and invoked into existence another weapon
that was the favourite of the chief of the celestials and that
resembled the thunder in energy and prowess. 23 Then razor-
headed arrows, and Anjalikas, and crescent-shaped shafts,
and Ndlikas, and cloth-yard shafts and those equipt with
heads like the boar's ear, all keen and sharp, issued from Gan-
diva in thousands, endued with the force and impetuosity of
the thunder. 84 Possessed of great might and great energy,
those impetuous and keen shafts equipt with vulturine feathers,
piercing all the limbs, the steeds, the bow, the yoke, the
wheels, and the standard of Kama, quickly penetrated into
them like snakes frighten by Garuda penetrating into the Earth.
Pierced all over with arrows and bathed in blood, [the high-
souled]* Kama then, with eyes rolling in wrath, 1 *" 86 bending
his bow of enduring string and producing a twang loud as the
roar of the sea, invoked into existence the Bhdrgava weapon.
Cutting off Partha's showers of shafts proceeding from the
mouth of that weapon of Indra (which Arjuna had shot),
Kama, 87 having thus baffled his antagonist's weapon with his
own, destroyed cars and elephants and foot-soldiers (of the
Pandava army). Unable to endure the feats of Arjuna in that
fierce battle, the mighty car-warrior Kama did this, through
the energy of the Bhdrgava weapon. 28 Filled with wrath
and possessed of great activity, the Suta's son, that foremost
of men, laughing at the two Krishnas," pierced the foremost of

* This occurs in 27. — T.


Panrihala warriors with well shot arrows in that battle."
Then the Panchalas and the Somakas, king, thus afflicted
by Kama with showers of shafts in that encounter, became
filled with wrath and uniting together pierced the Suta's son
with keen arrows from every side. 50 Quickly cutting off those
arrows with his own, the Suta's son, vigorously agitating them
in that battle, afflicted with many shafts the cars, the ele-
phants, and the steeds of the Panchalas. 31 Their bodies pierc-
ed with those shafts of Kama, they fell down, deprived of
life, on the Earth, making loud sounds, like mighty elephants
slain by an angry lion of terrible strength. 5a Having slain
those foremost of warriors, those heroes endued with great
strength, those leaders of the Panchala forces who had always
challenged him (to battle), Kama, king, as he shot his arrows,
looked beautiful like a mass of clouds pouring torrents of
rain. 53 Then thy warriors, thinking that Kama had won the
victory, clapped loudly and uttered leonine roars. chief
of the Kurus, all of them then regarded the two Krishnas as
brought by Kama under his power, 54 seeing that valor, in-
capable of being borne by foes, of the mighty car-warrior
Kama. Beholding that weapon of Dhananjaya frustrated by
Kama in the midst of battle, 55 the angry son of the Wind-
god, with eyes blazing with wrath, began to squeeze his hands.
Indeed, the wrathful Bhima, his anger being provoked, drew
deep breaths and addressing Arjuna of true aim, said, 38 — How,
O Jishnu, could this wretch fallen off from virtue, this Suta's
son, putting forth his might in battle, slay so many foremost
of Panchala warriors, in thy sight ? 87 Before now thou couldsb
not be conquered by the very gods or the Kalakcyas. Thou
receivedst the touch of the arms of Sthanu himself ! How,
then, diadem-decked Arjuna, could the Suta's son pierce
thee first with ten long shafts such as are used by car- war-
riors ? 38 That the Suta's son should today have succeeded in
baffling the arrows shot by thee, seems to me to be very
amazing ! Recollect the woes of Krishna, and those disagree-
able, keen, and cutting words that this wicked-souled and
fearless son of a Suta used towards us, viz., Sesame seeds
without kernel /—Recollecting all this, Savyasachin, quickly


flay the wretched Kama in battle today * ? °- 10 Why, O
diadem decked Arjuna, dost thou show such indifference (to-
wards this act) ? This is not the time for showing thy in-
difference to Kama's slaughter ! That patience with which
tin. ii hadat vanquished all creatures and fed Agni at; Khan-
dava,* 1 with that patience, slay thou the Suta's son ! I also
will crush him with my mace! — Then Vasudeva, beholding
Partha's shafts balrled by Kama, said unto the former, 4 " —
What is this, diadem-decked Arjuna, that Kama should
succeed in crushing thy weapons today with his '. Why dust
thou, O hero, lose thy wits ; Markest thou not that tho
Kauravas, [standing behind Kama], are even now shouting in
joy ?* s Indeed, all of them know that thy weapons arc being
baffled by Kama with his ! That patience with which, Yuga
after Yuga, thou hast slain persons having the quality of
darkness for their weapon, as also terrible Kehatriycs, and
Asuraa bom of pride, in many a battle, — with that patience do
thou slay Kama today ! Putting forth thy might, strike off
the head of that foe of thine with this Svbdargana, of edge
keen as a razor, that I give unto thee, like Cakra striking off
the head of his foe Namuchi, with the thunderbolt, ! That
patience with which thou hadst gratified the illustrious deity
M ihadeva in the guise of a hunter, 44- * 6 summoning that that
patience once again, hero, slay the Suta's son with all his
followers! After that, bestow upon king Yudhishthira the
Earth with her belt of seas, her towns and villages, and wealth,
and from off whose surface all foes will have been removed!
By that act, O Partha, do thou also win unrivalled fame! —
Thus addressed (by Krishna), the high-souled Partha of exceed-
ing might set his heart upon the slaughter of the Suta
son. 47-4i Indeed, urged by Bhima and Janarddana, and re-
collecting (his woes), and taking an internal survey of himself,
and calling to mind the object, for which he had come to t 1
World, he addressed rlecava, saying, 4,1 — I will now invoke into
existence a mighty and fierrc weapon for the good of the World
and the destruction of the Suta's son ! Let me have thy per-
mission, as also Brahman's and Bhava's, and of all those that
are conversant with Brahma ,so — Having said these words unto


the holy Keqava, Savyasiichin of immeasurable soul bowed
unto Brahman and invoked into existence that excellent and
irresistible weapon called Brahma which could be applied by
the mind alone.* 1 Baffling that weapon, however, Kama looked
beautiful as he continued, like a cloud pouring torrents of rain,
to shoot his shafts. Beholding that weapon of the diadem-
decked Arjuna baffled in the midst of battle by Kama" the
wrathful and mighty Bhima, blazing up with rage, addressed
Arjuna of sure aim and said, — People say that thou art a
master of the high Brahma weapon, that mighty means (for
achieving the destruction of foes) ! 83 Do thou then, Savya-
sachin, use another weapon of the same kind ! — Thus addressed
'by his brother, Savyasachin used a second weapon of the kind.
With that, Partha of abundant energy shrouded all the points
of the compass, cardinal and subsidiary, 54 with arrows sped
from Gandiva that resembled fierce snakes and were like the
blazing rays of the Sun. Created by that bull of Bharata's
race, those arrows of golden wings, in hundreds upon hun-
dreds, 55 endued with the effulgence of the Yuga fire or the
Sun, in a moment shrouded the car of Kama. Thence also
issued long darts and battle-axes and disci and cloth-yard shafts
in hundreds, all of awful forms, at which hostile warriors all
around began to be deprived of life. The head of some hostile
warrior, severed from his trunk, fell down on the field of
battle. 56 " 57 Another, beholding his fallen comrade, fell down
dead on the Earth, through fear. The (right) arm of a third,
large and massive as the trunk of an elephant, cut off (by
Partha), fell down with the sword in grasp. 58 The left arm
of a fourth, cut off with a razor-headed arrow, fell down with
the shield in it. Even thus, Partha, decked with diadem and
garlands, wounded and slew all the foremost warriors 69 of
Duryodhana's army with his terrible and death-dealing shafts.
Vaikartana also, in the midst of that battle, shot thousands
of arrows. 60 These, with a loud whizz, fell upon the son of
Pandu like torrents of rain poured from the clouds. Then
piercing Bhimasena and Janarddana and the diadem-decked
Arjuna of superhuman feats, each with three arrows, Kama
of terrible might uttered a loud and awful roar, Struck with


Kama's shafts, the diadem-decked Arjuna, beholding Bhima
and Janarddana, 61-68 became unable to endure (the feats of his
antagonist). Once more, therefore, Pfirtha shot eight and ten
arrows. Piercing the beautiful standard of Kama with one of
those arrows, he pierced Calya with four and Kama himself
with three." With ten other well-shot shafts he then struck
the Kaurava warrior Sabhapati clad in golden mail. Thereupon
that prince, deprived of head and arms and steeds and driver
and bow and standard, 6 * fell down, wounded and dead, from
his foremost of cars, like a gala tree cut down with an axe.
Once mor3 piercing Kama with three, eight, twelve, four,
and ten arrows, 65 Pfirtha slew four hundred elephants cquipt
with many weapons, and eight hundred car- warriors, and.
one thousand steeds with riders, and eicrht thousand brave

Online LibraryPratap Chandra RoyThe Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa (Volume 5) → online text (page 32 of 67)