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foot-soldiers. 66 And soon Piirtha made Kama with his driver
and car and steeds and standard invisible with straightly cours-
ing shafts. Then the Kauravas, thus slaughtered by Dhanan-
jaya, loudly addressed Adhiratha's son, saying, 67 — Shoot thy
arrows and slay the son of Piindu ! Already, he has begun to
exterminate the Kurus with his shafts !* Thus urged, Kama,
with his best endeavours, incessantly shot many arrows. 68
Capable of cutting the very vitals, those blood-drinking shafts,
■well sped by Kama, slew large numbers of the Pandavas and
the Panchalas. Thus those two foremost of all bowmen, those
two warriors of great strength that were capable of bearing
all foes, 6J those two heroes acquainted with weapons, struck
the warriors opposed to them as also each other, with many
mighty weapons. Then Yudhishthira clad in golden mail, his
arrows having been extracted and himself made sound with
mantra* and drugs by foremost of Burgeons well disposed,
towards him, quickly came to that spot for witnessing (the
encDunter between Arjuna and Kama). Beholding king Yu-
dhishjihira the just arrived there like the resplendent full Moon
freed from the jaws of Kahu and risen in the firmament,
all creatures became filled with delight. Beholding those two
foremost of warriors, those two first of heroes and slayers of

* Bead with a Blight variation ui the Lumay text.— X,


foes, viz., Kama and Partha, engaged in fight, the spectators,
both celestial and terrestrial, restraining the animals they rode
or that were yoked unto their vehicles, stood motionless. As the
two heroes. king, struck each other with many foremost of
arrows, O king, the sounds caused by the bows, bowstrings, and
palms, of both Dhananjaya and Adhiratha's son, became tre-
mendous and their well sped arrows also caused a deafening
whizz. Then the bowstring of the son of Pandu, stretched
with force, broke with a loud noise. 70 " 74 During the interval
thus offered, the Suta's son pierced Partha with a hundred
small arrows, keen and steeped in oil, winged with the feathers
of birds, and resembling snakes freed from their sloughs. 75
He then quickly pierced Vasudeva with sixty shafts, and then
Phalguna again with eight. Surya's son then pierced Bhima
with thousands upon thousands of mighty arrows. 76 Having
pierced Krishna and Partha's standard, Kama felled many
amongst the Somakas that followed Partha. These, however,
in return, shroudod Kama with showers of straight shafts like
masses of clouds shrouding the Sun in the welkin. 77 Accom-
plished in the use of weapons, the Suta's son. stupifying those
advancing warriors with his shafts and baffling all the weapons
shot by them, destroyed theirs cars and steeds and elephants. 78
And the Suta's son, king, also afflicted with his arrows
many foremost warriors among them. Their bodies pierced
with Kama's shafts, they fell down on the ground, deprived of
life and making a loud noise as they fell. 79 Indeed, those
mighty combatants, afflicted by Kama of terrible strength,
perished like a pack of dogs afflicted by an angry lion. And
once more many foremost of combatants among the Panchalas
and many such (among the Kauravas) fell down after this,
slain by Kama and Dhananjaya. 80 Deprived of life by the
mighty Kama with well-armed arrows shot with great force,,
many foil down, purging the contents of their stomachs. Then
thy troops, regarding the victory to be already theirs, clapped
furiously and uttered loud leonine roars. 81 Indeed, in that
dreadful encounter, all of them regarded the two K-rishnas to
have been brought by Kama under his power. Then quickly
bending his bowstring and baffling all those shaflb of Adhi-


ratha's son," Partha, filled with rage in consequence of his '
limbs having been mangled with Kama's arrows, assailed the
Kauravas. Rubbing his bowstring, he clapped his palms and
suddenly caused a darkness there with the showers of shafts
he shot. 83 The diadem-decked Arjuna pierced Kama and
Calya and all the Kurus with those arrows. The welkin
having been darkened by means of that mighty weapon, the
very birds were unable to range in their element, a delicious
wind then blew, bearing fragrant odors. Laughing the while,
Partha forcibly struck Calya's armour with ten arrows. 8 *
Piercing Kama next with a dozen shafts, he struck him once
more with seven. Deeply struck with those winged arrows of
fierce energy shot with great force from Piirtha's bow, 8S Kama,
with mangled limbs and body bathed in blood, looked resplen-
dent like Rudra at the universal destruction, sporting in the
midst, of a crematorium at noon or eve, his body dyed with
blood.* 86 The son of Adhiratha then pierced Dhananjaya who
resembled the chief of the celestials himself (in energy and
might) with three arrows, and he caused five other blazing
arrows resembling five snakes to penetrate the body of Krish-
na. 87 Shot with great furce, those arrows, decked with gold,
pierced through the armour of that foremost of beings and
passing out of his body fell upon the Earth. Endued with
great energy, they entered the Earth with great force and
having bathed (in the waters of the Bhogavati in the nether
region) coursed back towards Kama. 88 Those shafts were five
mighty snakes that had adopted the side of Takshaka's son
(Aewasena whose mother Partha had slain at Khandava).
With ten broad-headed arrows shot with great force, Arjuna
cut off each of those five snakes into three fragments where-
upon they fell down on the Earth. 83 Beholding Krishna's
limbs thus mangled with those snakes transformed into arrows
sped from Kama's arms, Arjuna decked with diadem and
garlands blazed up with wrath like a fire engaged in burning

* Ilaudra muhurta, — certain hours are especially regarded as tierce,
beoause appropriated by Itdhhasuo and evil geuii for their rounds over
the world.— T.


a heap of dry grass. 50 He then pierced Kama in all his vital
limbs with many blazing and fatal shafts shot from the bow-
string stretched to the very ear. (Deeply pierced), Kama
trembled in pain. With the greatest difficulty he stood, sum-
moning all his patience. 51 Dhananjaya having been filled with
wrath, all the points of the compass, cardinal and subsidiary,
the very splendour of the Sun, and Kama's car, king, all
became invisible with the showers shot by him. The welkin
seemed as if it were shrouded by a thick frost. 92 Then that
slayer of foes, that bull of Kuril's race, that foremost of
heroes, viz., Savyasachin, king, soon slew in that battle two
thousand foremost of Kuril warriors, with their cars and steeds
and drivers, forming the protectors of Kama's car-wheels and
wings and his van-guard and rear-guard, and who constituted
the very pick of Dnryodhana's car-force, and who, urged by
Duryodhana, had been fighting with great energy. 95 " 95 Then
thy sons and the Kauravas that were still alive fled away,
deserting Kama, and abandoning their dying and the wounded,
and their wailing sons and sires. 96 Beholding himself abandon-
ed by the terrified Kurus and seeing the space around him
empty, Kama felt no agitation, Bharata, but, on the other
hand, rushed at Arjuna, with a cheerful heart.' "* 97

Section XC.

"Sanjaya said, — 'Flying away in consequence of the falling
of Arjuna's arrows, the broken divisions of the Kauravas,
staying at a distance, continued to gaze at Arjuna's weapon
swelling with energy and careering around with the effulgence
of lightning. 1 Then Kama, with showers of terrible shafts,
baffled that weapon of Arjuna. while it was still careering in
the welkin and which Arjuna had shot with great vigor in
that fierce encounter for the destruction of his foe. 2 Indeed,
that weapon (of Partha) which, swelling with energy , f had been
consuming the Kurus, the Suta's son now crushed with his

* In numbering the slokas of this Section I have followed the Bombay
edition.— T.


shafts winged with gold. Bending then his own loud-sounding
bow of irrefragable string, Kama shot showers of shafts. 8
The Suta's son destroyed that burning weapon of Arjuna with
his own foe-killing weapon of great power which he had obtain-
ed from Rama, and which resembled (in efficacy) an Atharvan
rite. And he pierced Piirtha also with numerous keen shafts.*
The encounter then, king, that took place between Arjuna
and the son of Adhiratha, became a very dreadful one. They
continued to strike each other with arrows like two fierce
elephants striking each other with their tusks.' All the points
of the compass then became shrouded with weapons and the
very Sun became invisible. Indeed, Kama and Piirtha, with
their arrowy downpours, made the welkin one vast expanse of
arrows without any space between. 6 All the Kauravas and
the Somakas then beheld a wide-spread arrowy net. In that
dense darkness caused by arrows, they were unable to see
anything else. 7 Those two foremost of men, both accomplish-
ed in weapons, as they incessantly aimed and shot innumer-
able arrows, king, displayed diverse kinds of beautiful
manoevres. 8 While they were thus contending with each
other in battle, sometimes the Suta's son prevailed over his
rival and sometimes the diadem-decked Piirtha prevailed over
his, in prowess and weapons and lightness of hands. 3 Behold-
ing that terrible and awful passage-at-arms between those two
heroes each of whom was desirous of availing of the other's
laches, all the other warriors on the field of battle became filled
with wonder. 10 The beings in the welkin, O king, applauded
Kama and Arjuna. Indeed, many of them at a time, filled
with joy, cheerfully shouted, sometimes saying, — Excellent,
Kama! — and sometimes saying, — Excellent, Arjuna /" —
During the progress of that fierce encounter, while the Earth
was being pressed deep with the weight of cars and the tread of
steeds and elephants, the snake Acwasena, who was hostile to
Arjuna, was passing his time in the nether region. ,a Freed
from the conflagration at Khiindava, O king, he had, from
anger, penetrated through the Earth (fur going to the subterr-
anean region). That brave snake, recollecting the death of his
mother and the enmity he on that account harboured against


Arjuna, now rose from the lower region. Endued with the
power of ascending the skies, he soared up with great speed
upon beholding that fight between Kama and Arjuna. 18
Thinking that that was the time for gratifying his animosity
towards, as he thought, the wicked-souled Pfirtha, he quickly
entered into Kama's quiver, O king, in the form of an arrow. 14
At that; time a net of arrows was seen, shedding its bright
arrows around. Kama and Partha made the welkin one dense
mass of arrows by means of their arrowy downpours. 15 Behold-
ing that wide-spread expanse of arrows, all the Kauravas and
the Somakas became filled with fear. In that thick and awful
darkness caused by arrows they were unable to see anything
else.' 6 Then those two tigers among men, those two foremost
of all bowmen in the world, those two heroes, fatigued with
their exertions in battle, looked at each other. 17 Both of them
were then fanned with excellent and waving fans made of
young (palm) leaves and sprinkled with fragrant sandal- water
by many Apsaras staying in the welkin. And Cakra and
Surya, using their hands, gently brushed the faces of those two
heroes. 13 When at last Kama found that he could not prevail
over Partha and when he was exceedingly scorched with the
shafts of the former, that hero, his limbs very much mangled,
set his heart upon that shaft of his which lay singly within
a quiver. 19 The Suta's son then fixed on his bowstring that
foe-killing, exceedingly keen, snake-mouthed, blazing, and fierce
shaft, which had been polished according to rule, and which
he had long kept for the sake of Partha's destruction. 20
Stretching his bowstring to his ear, Kama fixed that shaft
of fierce energy and blazing splendour, that ever-worshipp-
ed weapon which lay within a golden quiver amid sandal
dust, and aimed it at Partha. 21 Indeed, he aimed that blazing
arrow, born in Airavata's race, for cutting off Phalguna's
head in battle. All the points of the compass and the welkin
became ablaze and terrible meteors and thunder-bolts fell."
When that snake of the form of an arrow was fixed on the
bowstring, the Regents of the world, including Cakra, set
up loud wails. The Suta's son did not know that the snake
Acwasena had entered his arrow by the aid of his Yoga powers



Beholding Vaikartana aim that arrow, the high-souled ruler of

the Madras, addressing Kama, said, — Thia arrow, O Kama, will
not succeed in striking off Arjuna's head ! Searching carefully,
fix another arrow that may succeed in striking off thy enemy's
head 1'* — Endued with great, activity, the Suta's son. with eyes
burning in wrath, then said unto the ruler of the Madras, — (>
Calya, Kama never aimeth an arrow twice ! Persons like us
never become crooked warriors ! 2S — Having said these words,
Kama, with great care, let off that shaft which he had worshipp-
ed for many loner years. Bent upon winning the victory, king,
he quickly said unto his rival, — Thou art slain, O Phalguna ! ,e — ■
Sped from Kama's arms, that shaft of awful whiz, resem-
bling fire or the Sun in splendour, as it left the bowstring,
blazed up in the welkin and seemed to divide it by a line such
as is visible on the crown of a woman dividing her tresses. 47
Beholding that shaft blazing in the welkin, the slayc-r of Kansa,
viz., Madhava, with great speed and the greatest ease, pressed
down with his feet that excellent car, causing it to sink about
a cubit deep. 28 At this, the steeds, white as the rays of the
Moon and decked in trappings of gold, bending their knees, laid
themselves down on the ground. Indeed, seeing that snake (in
the form of an arrow) aimed by Kama, Madhava,* 3 that fore-
most of all persons endued with might, put forth his strength
and thus pressed down with his feet that car into the Earth,
whereat the steeds, (as already said) bending down their knees,
laid themselves down upon the Earth when the car itself had
sunk into it. s0 * Then loud sounds arose in the welkin in
applause of Vasudeva. Many celestial voices were heard, and
celestial flowers were showered upon Krishna, and leonine
shouts also were uttered. When the car had thus been pressed
down into the Earth through the exertions of the slayer of
Madhu, 31 the excellent ornament of Arjuna's head, celebrated
throughout the Earth, the welkin, heaven, and the waters, the
Suta's son swept off from the crown of his rival, with that
arrow, in consequence of the very nature of that snaky weapon

* The last line ef 29 and the two lines of 30 do not occur iu the
Bombay edition. They are evident!) a repetition.- 1


and the groat care and wrath with which it had been shot. 3 *
That diadem, endued with the splendour of the Sun or the
Moon or fire or a planet, and adorned with gold and pearls
and gems and diamonds, had with great care been made by the
puissant Solf-born himself for Purandara. 33 Costly as its
appearance indicated it was, inspiring terror in the hearts of
foes, contributing to the happiness of him that wore it, and
shedding a fragrance, that ornament had been given by the chief
of the celestials himself with a cheerful heart unto Partha while
the latter had proceeded to slaughter the foes of the gods. 84
That diadem was incapable of being crushed by Rudra and the
Lord of waters and Cakra and Kuvera with Pindka and noose
and thunderbolt and the very foremost of shafts. It could
not be endured by even the foremost ones among the gods.
Vrisha, however, now broke it forcibly with his snake-inspired
shaft. 35 Endued with great activity, that wicked-natured snake
of fierce form and false vows, falling upon that diadem decked
with gold and gems, swept it away from Arjuna's head. 36 That
snake, king, forcibly tore it away from Partha's head, quickly
reducing into fragments that well-made ornament set over
with many a gem and blazing with beauty, like the thunder-
bolt riving a mountain-summit decked with lofty and beautiful
trees graced with flowers. 37 * Crushed by that excellent wea-
pon, possessed of splendour, and blazing with the fire of (the
snake's) poison, that beautiful and much-liked diadem of Partha
fell down on the Earth like the blazing disc of the Sun from
the Asta hills. 83 Indeed, that snake forcibly swept away from
Arjuna's head that diadem adorned with many gems, like the
thunder of Indra felling a beautiful mountain-summit adorned
with lofty trees bearing budding leaves and flowers. 39 As the
Earth, welkin, heaven, and the waters, when agitated by a
tempest, roar aloud, O Bhfirata, even such was the roar that
arose in all the worlds at that time. Hearing that tremendous
noise, people, notwithstanding their efforts to be calm, became
extremely agitated and reeled as they stood. 40 Reft of diadem,
the dark-complexioned and youthful Partha looked beautiful

* A triplet— T.


like a blue mountain of lofty summit. Binding thou Ins locks
with a white cloth, Arjuna stood perfectly unmoved. With
that white gear on his head, he looked like the Udaya hill
illumined with the »ya of the Sun. 41 Thus that she-snake
(whom Arjuna had killed at Khandava) of excellent mouth,
through her son in the form of an arrow, .sped by Surya's son,
beholding Arjuna of exceeding energy and might standing
with his head at a level with the reins of the steeds, took
away his diadem only, that well-made ornament (formerly)
owned by Aditi's son and endued with the effulgence of Surya
himself. But Arjuna also (as will appear in the sequel) did
not return from that battle -without causing the snake to
succumb to the power of Yuma. 42 * Sped from Kama's arms,
that costly shaft resembling fire' or the Sun in effulgence,
viz., that mighty snake who from before had become the
deadly foe of Arjuna, thus crushing the latter's diadem, went
away. 43 Having burnt the gold-decked diadem of Arjuna dis-
played on his head, he desired to come at Arjuna once more
with great speed. Asked, however, by Kama (who saw him
but knew him not), he said these words : 44 — Thou hadst sped
me, O Kama, without having seen me. It was for this that
I could not strike off Arjuna's head. Do thou quickly shoot
me once again, after seeing me well. I shall then slay thy
foe and mine too ! 4 * — Thus addressed in that battle by him,
the Suta's son said, — Who are you possessed of such fierce
form ? — The snake answered, saying, — Know me as one that
has been wronged by Partha ! My enemity towards him is
due to his having slain my mother ! 46 If the wieldcr of the
thunder-bolt himself were to proteet Partha, the latter would
still have to go to the domains of the king of the Pitria ! Do
not disregard me ! Do my bidding I I will slay thy foe ! Shoot
me without delay ! 47 — Hearing tho^c words, Kama said, — Kama,
O snake, never desires to have victory in battle today by rely-
ing on another's might! Even if I have to slay a hundred
Arjunas, I will not, O snake, still shoot the same shaft twice ! 4 *

* This verse appears to be one of the GrWXiQi V)u,8a. I have follow-
ed Nilaknutlw iu iuLei pietiu^ it.— T.


— Once more addressing him in the midst of battle, that best of
men, viz., Surya's son Kama, said, — Aided by the nature of my
other snaky weapons, and by resolute effort and wrath, I shall
slay Partha ! Be thou happy and go elsewhere !* 9 — Thus address-
ed, in battle, by Kama, that prince of snakes, unable from rage
to bear those words, himself proceeded, O king, for the slaughter
of Partha, having assumed the form of an arrow. Of fierce
form, the desire he ardently cherished was the destruction of
his enemy. 50 Then Krishna, addressing Partha in that encounter,
said unto him, — Slay that great snake inimical to thee 1 — Thus
addressed by the slayer of Madhu, the wielder of Gandiva, that
bowman who was always fierce unto foes, enquired of him, say-
ing, — Who is that snake that advanceth of his own accord
against me, as if, indeed, he 'advanceth right against the mouth
of Garuda ? 51 — Krishna replied, — Whilst thou, armed with bow,
wert engaged at Khandava in gratifying the god Agni, this
snake was then in the sky, his body ensconced within his
mother's. Thinking that it was only a single snake that was so
staying in the sky, thou killedst the mother !* 2 Remembering
that act of hostility done by thee, he cometh towards thee today
for thy destruction ! resister of foes, behold him coming
like a blazing meteor, falling from the firmament ! — ' s3

"Sanjaya continued, — 'Then Jishnu, turning his face in
rage, cut off, with six keen shafts, that snake in the welkin as
the latter was coursing in a slanting direction. His body
thus cut off, he fell down on the Earth. 54 After that snake
had been cut off by Arjuna, the lord Kecava himself, king,
of massive arms, that foremost of beings, raised up with his
arms that car from the Earth. 56 At that time, Kama, glanc-
ing obliquely at Dhananjaya, pierced that foremost of persons,
viz., Krishna, with ten shafts whetted on stone and equipt
with peacock feathers. 56 Then Dhananjaya, piercing Kama
with a dozen well-shot and keen arrows equipt with heads like
the boar's ear, sped a cloth-yard shaft endued with the energy
of a snake of virulent poison and shot from his bowstring
stretched to his ear. 57 That foremost of shafts, well shot by
Arjuna, penetrated through Kama's armour, and as if suspend-
ing his life-breaths, drunk his blood and entered the Earth,


its wings also having been drenched with gore. 58 Endued with
great activity, Vrisha, enraged at the stroke of that shaft, like
a snake beat with a stick, shot many mighty shafts, like :i snake
of virulent poison vomiting its venom.' 3 And he pierced Janard-
dana with a do/on shafts and Arjuna, with nine and ninety.
And once more piercing the son of Pandu with a terrible shaft,
Kama laughed and uttered a loud roar. 60 The son of Pandu,
however, could not endure his enemy's joy. Acquainted with
all the vital parts of the human body, Partha, possessed of
prowess like that of Indra, pierced those vital limbs with
hundreds of arrows even as Indra had struck Vala with great
energy. 61 Then Arjuna sped ninety arrows, each resembling
the rod of Death, at Kama. Deeply pierced with those shafts,
Kama trembled like a mountain riven with thunder." The
head-gear of Kama, adorned with costly gems and precious
diamonds and pure gold, as also his ear-rings, cut off by
Dhananjaya with his winged arrows, fell down on the Earth. 63
The costly and bright armour also of the Suta's son that had
been forged with great care by many foremost of artists work-
ing for a long time, the son of Pandu cut off within a moment
into many fragments. 64 After thus divesting him of his arm-
our, Partha then, in rage, pierced Kama with four whetted
shafts of great energy. Struck forcibly by his foe, Kama
suffered great pain like a diseased person afflicted by bile,
phlegm, wind, and fever." Once more Arjuna, with great
speed, mangled Kama, piercing his very vitals, with numerous
excellent shafts, of great keenness, and sped from his circling
bow with much force and speed and care. 66 Deeply struck
by Partha with those diverse arrows of keen points and fierce
energy, Kama (covered with blood) looked resplendent like
a mountain of red chalk with streams of red water running
adown its breast. 67 Once more Arjuna pierced Kama in the
centre of the chest with many straight-coursim; and strong
shafts made entirely of iron and equipt with wings of gold and
each resembling the fiery rod of the Destroyer, like the son of
Agni piercing the Krauncha mountains. 60 ' Then the iSutas

* ^gui'i sou is the celestial gcucruliu-uiiu Kiulikcya. the slayer uf


son, casting aside his bow that resembled the very .bow of
Cakra, as also his quiver, felt great pain, and stood inactive,
stupified, and reeling, his grasp loosened and himself in great
anguish. 69 The virtuous Arjuna*, observant of the duty of manli-
ness, wished not to slay his enemy while fallen into such
distress. The younger brother of Indra then, with great
excitement, addressed him, saying, — Why, O son of Pfmdu,
dost thou become so forgetful ? 70 They that are truly wise
never spare their foes, however weak, even for a moment ! He

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