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that is learned earneth both merit and fame by slaying foes
fallen into distress ! 71 Lose no time in precipitately crushing
Kama who is always inimical to thee and who is the first of
heroes ! The Suta's son, when able, will once more advance
against thee as before. Slay him, therefore, like Indra slaying
the Asura Namuchi ! 73 — Saying, — So be it, O Krishna I — and
worshipping Janarddana, Arjuna, that foremost of all persons
in Kuru's race, once more quickly pierced Kama with many
excellent arrows like the ruler of heaven piercing the A sura
Camvara. 73 The diadem-decked Partha, Bharata, covered
Kama and his car and steeds with many calf-toothed arrows,
and putting forth all his vigor he shrouded all the points of
the compass with shafts equipt with wings of gold. 74 Pierced
with those arrows equipt with heads like the calf's tooth, Adhi-
ratha's son of broad chest looked resplendent like an Acoka
or Paldga or Qdhwdi decked with its flowery load or a moun-
tain overgrown with a forest of sandal trees. 75 Indeed, with
those numerous arrows sticking to his body, Kama, monarch,
in that battle, looked resplendent like the prince of mountains
with its top and glens overgrown with trees or decked with
flowering Karnikaras. 7i Kama also, shooting repeated showers
of arrows, looked, with those arrows constituting his rays, like
the Sun coursing towards the Asta hills, with disc bright with
crimson rays. 77 Shafts, however, of keen points, sped from
Arj una's arms, encountering in the welkin the blazing arrows,
resembling mighty snakes, sped from the arms of Adhiratha's

Taraka. Other traditions represent him as the son of Hara and Par-

KAU.VY parva. 359

son, destroyed them all. 78 Recovering his coolness, and Bhooting

many shafts that resomblod angry snakes, Kama then pierced
Partha with ten shafts and Krishna with half a dozen, each of
which looked like an angry snake. 79 Then Dhananjaya desired
to shoot a mighty and terrible arrow, made wholly of iron, re-
sembling the poison of the snake or fire in energy, and whose
whiz resembled the peal of Indra's thunder, and which was
inspired with the force of a high (celestial) weapon." At that
time, when the honr of Kama's death had come, Kala, ap-
proaching invisibly, and alluding to the Brahmana's curse,*
and desirous of informing Kama that his death was near,
tnld him, — The Earth is devouring thy wheel ! tl — Indeed, O
foremost of men, when the hour of Kama's death came, the
high Brahma weapon that the illustrious Bhargava had im-
parted unto him, escaped from his memory. And the Earth
also began to devour the left wheel of his car. 8 ' Then in conse-
quence of the curse of that foremost of Brahman as, Kama's car
began to reel, having sunk deep into the Earth and havinsr
been transfixed at that spot like a sacred tree with its load
of flowers standing upon an elevated platform. 8 ! f When his
car began to reel from the curse of the Brahmana, and when
the high weapon he had obtained from Rama no longer shone
in him through inward light, and when his terrible snake-
mouthed shaft also had been cut off by Partha, Kama became
filled with melancholy. 84 Unable to endure all those calamities,
he waved his arms and began to rail at righteousness, saying, —
They that are conversant with righteousness always say thafc
righteousness protects those that are righteous ! 81 As regards
ourselves, we always endeavour, to the best of our ability and
knowledge, to practise righteousness. That righteousness, how-
ever, is destroying us now instead of protecting us that are
devoted to it. I. therefore, think that righteousness does not
always protect its worshippers ! 35 — While saying these words,

* Vide Page 150. Verse 41, Kama Parva.—T.

t To this day, sacred trees, such as thr banian or the Afwaltha, may
be seen in villages and towns, with elevated platforms of brick or earth
round their trunks. Upon these platforms the village elders may be seen
sitting and smoking and deciding many important causes.— T.


he became exceedingly agitated by the strokes of Arjuna'a
arrows. His steeds and his driver also were displaced from
their usual position. His very vitals having been struck, ho
became indifferent as to what he did, and repeatedly railed at
righteousness in that battle." He then pierced Krishna in the
arm with three terrible arrows, and Partha too with seven. 88
Then Arjuna sped seven and ten terrible arrows, perfectly
straight and of fierce impetuosity, resembling fire in spleudour
and like unto Indra's thunder in force. 83 Endued with awful
impetuosity, those arrows pierced Kama and passing out of
his body fell upon the surface of the Earth. Trembling at the
shock, Kama then displayed his activity to the utmost of his
power. 90 Steadying himself by a powerful effort, he invoked
the Brahma weapon. Beholding the Brahma weapon, Arjuna
invoked the Aiiulra weapon with proper mantras. 01 Inspiring
Gandiva, its string, and his shafts also, with mantras, that
scorcher of foes shot showers of arrows like Purandara pouring
rain in torrents. 92 Those arrows endued with great energy and
power, issuing out of Partha's car, were seen to be displayed in
the vicinity of Kama's vehicle. The mighty car- warrior Kama
baffled all those shafts displayed in his front. 93 Seeing that
weapon thus destroyed, the Vrishni hero, addressing Arjuna,
said, — Shoot high weapons, Partha ! The son of Radha
baffles thy shafts ! 9 * — With proper mantras, Arjuna then fixed
the Brahma weapon on his string, and shrouding all the points
of the compass with arrows, Partha struck Kama (with many)
arrows. 98 Then Kama, with a number of whetted shafts
endued with great energy, cut off the string of Arjuna's bow.
Similarly he cut off the second string, and then the third, and
then the fourth, and then the fifth. 96 The sixth also was cut
off by Vrisha, and then the seventh, then the eighth, then
the ninth, then the tenth, and then at last the eleventh.
Capable of shooting hundreds upon hundreds of arrows, Kama
knew not that Partha had a hundred strings to his bow. 97
Tying then another string to his bow and shooting many
arrows, the son of Pandu covered Kama with shafts that
resembled snakes of blazing mouths. 98 So quickly did Arjuna
replace each broken string that; Kama could not mark when


it was broken and when replaced. The {Vat, seemed to lam
to be exceedingly wonderful." The son of Radha baffled
with his own weapons those of Savyasachin. Displaying also
his own prowess, ho seemed to get the bettor of Dhanan-
jaya at that time. 100 Then Krishna, beholding Arjuna afflicted
with the weapons of Kama, said these words unto Partha,
viz., — Approaching Kama, strike him with superior weap-
ons ! 101 — Then Dhananjaya, filled with rage, inspiring with
mantras another celestial weapon that looked like fire and
that resembled the poison of the snake and that was as
hard as the essence of adamant, 102 and uniting the Iiaudnc
weapon with it, became desirous of shooting it at his foe.
At that time, king, the Earth swallowed up one of wheels of
Kama's car. 103 Quickly alighting then from his vehicle, he
seized his sunken wheel with his two arms and endeavoured
to lift it up with a great effort.' 04 Drawn up with force
by Kama, the Earth, which had swallowed up his wheel, rose
up to a height of four fingers' breadth, with her seven islands
and her hills and waters and forests. 10 * Seeing his wheel
swallowed, the son of Radha shed tears from wrath, and be-
holding Arjuna, filled with rage he said these words: 106 — O
Partha, O Partha, wait f«.r a moment, that is, till I lifd
this sunken wheel I 107 Beholding, O Partha, the left wheel
of my car swallowed through accident by the Earth, abandon
(instead of cherishing) this purpose (of striking and slaying me)
that is capable of being harboured by only a coward ! lOS Crave
warriors that are observant of the practices of the righteous,
never shoot their weapons at persons with dishevelled hair, or afi
those that have turned their faces from battle, or at a Brahmana,
or at him who joins his palms, or at him who yields him-
self up or beggebh for quarter, or at one who has put up
his weapon, or at one whose arrows are exhausted, or at ono
whose armour is displaced, or at one whose woapon has fallen
off or been broken I 103-10 Thou art the bravest of men in tha
world. Thou art also of righteous behaviour, son of Pandu !
Thou art well acquainted with the rules of battle. For these
reasons, excuse me for a moment," 1 that is, till I extricato my
wheel, Dhananjaya, from the Earth ! Thyself staying on


thy car and myself standing weak and languid on the Earth, it
behove th thee not to slay me now ! 119 Neither Vasudeva, nor
thou, son of Pandu, inspires or inspirest me with the slight-
est fear ! Thou art born in the Kshatriya order ! Thou art
the perpetuator of a high race ! Recollecting the teachings of
righteousness, excuse me for a moment, son of Pandu !' " I1? —

Section XCI.

" Sanjaya said, — 'Then Vasudeva, stationed on the car,
addressed Kama, saying, — By good luck it is, O son of Radha,
that thou rememberest virtue ! It is generally seen that they
that are mean, when they sink into distress, rail at Providence
but never at their own misdeeds. 1 Thyself and Suyodhana and
Duscasana and Cakuni the son of Suvala, had caused Draupadi,
clad in a single piece of raiment, to be brought into the
midst of the assembly. On that occasion, Kama, this virtue
of thine did not manifest itself ! 2 When at the assembly
Cakuni, an adept in dice, vanquished Kunti's son Yudhishthira
who Avas unacquainted with it, whither had this virtue of
thine then gone ? 3 When the Kuru king (Duryodhana), acting
under thy counsels, treated Bhimasena in that way with the
aid of snakes and poisoned food, whither had this virtue of
thine then gone ?* When the period of exile into the words
was over as also the thirteenth year,* thou didst not make
over to the Pandavas their kingdom. Whither had this virtue
of thine then gone ? 8 Thou hadst set fire to tho house of lac
at Varnavata for burning to death the sleeping Pandavas.
Whither then, O son of Radha, had this virtue of thine gone ? 6
Thou hadst laughed at Krishna while she stood in the midst
of the assembly, scantily dressed because in her season and
obedient to Duscasana's will, whither, then, O Kama, had this
virtue of thine gone I 1 When invading the apartment reserved
for females the innocent Krishna was dragged, thou didst not
interfere. Whither, O son of Radha, had this virtue of thine
gone ? 8 Thyself addressing the princess Draupadi, that lady

The thirteenth was the year of concealment.— T,


whose tread is as dignified as that of the elephant, in thcso
words, viz., — The Pandavas, Krishna, are lost. They have
sunk into eternal hell. Do thou choose another husband ! —
thou hadst looked on the scene with delight ! Whither then,
O Kama, had this virtue of thine gone ? 9 Covetous of king-
dom and relying on the ruler of the Gandharas, thou hadsti
summoned the Pandavas (to a match at dice). Whither then,
had this virtue of thine gone ? 10 When many mighty caf-
warriors, encompassing the boy Abhimanyu in battle, slew him,
whither had this virtue of thine then gone ?" If this virtue
that thou now invokest was nowhere on those occasions, what
is the use then of parching thy palate now by uttering that
word ? Thou art now for the practice of virtue, O Suta, bufi
thou shalt not escape with life !'* Like Nala who was defeated
by Pushkara with the aid of dice but who regained his king-
dom by prowess, the Pandavas, who are free from cupidity,
will recover their kingdom by the prowess of their arms, aided
with all their friends ! 1B Having slain in battle their powerful
foes, they, with the Somakas, will recover their kingdom.
The Dhartarashtras will meet with destruction at the hands
of those lions among men (viz., the sons of Pandu), that are
always protected by virtue ! — ' l *

"Sanjaya continued,— 'Thus addressed, O Bharata, by Vii-
sudeva, Kama hung down his head in shame and gave no
answer. 15 With lips quivering in rage, he raised his bow, O
Bharata, and endued as he was with great energy and prowess,
he continued to fight with Partha. 16 Then Vasudeva, address-
ing Phalguna, that bull among men, said, — O thou of great
might, piercing Kama with a celestial weapon, throw him
down! 17 — Thus addressed by the holy one, Arjuna became
filled with rage. Indeed, remembering tho incidents alluded
to by Krishna, Dhananjaya blazed up with fury. 18 Then, O
king, blazing flames of fire seemed to emanate from all tho
pores of the angry Partha's body. The sight seemed to be
exceedingly wonderful. 19 Beholding it, Kama, invoking tho
Brahma weapon, showered his shafts upon Dhananjaya, and
once more made an effort to extricate his car. 40 Partha also,
by the aid of the Brahma weapon, poured arrowy downpours


upon Kama. Baffling with his own weapon the weapon of
his foe, the son of Pandu continued to strike him. 81 The son
of Kunti then, aiming at Kama, sped another favourite wea-
pon of his that was inspired with the energy of Agni. Sped
by Arjuna, that weapon blazed up with its own energy."
Kama, however, quenched that conflagration with the Vdruna
weapon. The Suta's son also, by the clouds he created, caused
all the points of the compass to be shrouded with a darkness
such as may be seen in a rainy day. 83 The son of Pandu,
endued with great energy, fearlessly dispelled those clouds by
means of the Vayavya weapon in the very sight of Kama. 84
The Suta's son then, for slaying the son of Pandu, took up a
terrible arrow blazing like fire. 85 When that adored shaft
■was fixed on the bowstring, the Earth, O king, trembled with
her mountains and waters and forests. 86 Violent winds be^an
to blow, bearing hard pebbles. All the points of the compass
became enveloped with dust. Wails of grief, O Bkarata, arose
among the gods in the welkin. 87 Beholding that shaft aimed
by the Suta's son, sire, the Pandavas, with cheerlees hearts,
gave themselves up to great sorrow. 89 That shaft of keen
point and endued with the effulgence of Cakra's thunder,
sped from Kama's arms, fell upon Dhananjaya's chest and pene-
trated it like a mighty snake penetrating an anthill. 23 That
grinder of foes, viz., the high-souled Vibhatsu, thus deeply
pierced in that encounter, began to reel. His grasp became
loosened, at which his bow Gandiva dropped from his hand.
Ho trembled like the prince of mountains in an earth-
quake. 50 Availing of that opportunity, the mighty car-warrior
Vrisha, desirous of extricating his car-wheel that had been
swallowed up by the Earth, jumped down from his vehicle.
Seizing the wheel with his two arms he endeavoured to drag it
up, but though possessed of great strength, he failed in his
efforts as destiny would have it. 81 Meanwhile the diadem-
decked and high-souled Arjuna, recovering his senses, took up
a shaft, fatal as the rod of Death, and called Anjcdlka* Then

* So called because the heads of those arrows were broad as the two

fcands j'jiued together.— T.

KARNA PA 11 V A. 86.

Vasudeva, addressing Partha, said,— Cut off with thy arrow

the head of this enemy of thine, viz., Vrisha, before he suc-
ceeds in getting up on his car ! M — Applauding those words of
the lord Vasudeva, and while the wheel of his enemy was still
sunk, the mighty car-warrior Arjuna took up a razor-headed
arrow of blazing effulgence and struck the standard (of Kama)
bearing the elephant's rope and bright as the spotless Sun. s3
That standard bearing the device of the costly elephant's rope,
was adorned with gold and pearls and gems and diamonds, and
forged with care by foremost of artists excelling in knowledge,
and possessed of great beauty, and variegated with pure gold. 2 *
That standard always used to fill thy troops with high courage
and the enemy with fear. Its form commanded applause.
Celebrated over the whole world, it resembled the Sun in
splendour. Indeed, its effulgence was like that of fire or the-
Sun or the Moon." The diadem decked Arjuna, with that
razor-headed shaft, exceedingly sharp, equipt with wings of gold,
possessed of the splendour of fire when fed with libations of
clarified butter, and blazing with beauty, cut off that standard
of Adhiratha's son, that great car- warrior. 8 * With that stand-
ard, as it fell, the fame, pride, hope of victory, and everything
dear, as also the hearts of the Kurus, fell, and loud wails of
Ok and Alas arose (from the Kuru army). 87 Beholding that
standard cut off and thrown down by that hero of Kuril's race
possessed of great lightness of hand, thy troops, O Bharata,
were no longer hopeful of Kama's victory. 88 Hastening then
for Kama's destruction, Partha took out from his quiver an
excellent Anjalika weapon that resembled the thunder of
Indra or the rod of fire and that was possessed of the effulgence
of the thousand-rayed Sun. 89 Capable of penetrating the very
vitals, besmeared with blood and flesh, resembling fire or the
Sun, made of costly materials, destructive of men, steeds, and
elephants, of straight course and fierce impetuosity, it measured
three cubits and six feet.* Endued with the force of the thou-
sand-eyed Indra's thunder, irresistible as Rdkshasas in the night,
resembling Pinaha or Narfiyana's discus, it was exceedingly
terrible and destructive of all living creatures. 41 Partha cheer-
fully took up that, great weapon, in the thape of an arrow, which


could not bo resisted by the very gods, — that high-souled being
which was always adored by the son of Pandu, and which was
capable of vanquishing the very gods and the Asuras.** Be-
holding that shaft grasped by Partha in, that bafctle, the entire
universe shook with its mobile and immobile creatures. In-
deed, seeing that weapon raised (for being sped) in that dread-
ful battle, the Rishis loudly cried out, — Peace be to be uni-
verse ! 4S — The wielder of Gandiva then fixed on his bow that
unrivalled arrow, uniting it with a high and mighty weapon.
Drawing his bow Gandiva, he quickly said, 44 — Let this shaft
of mine be like a mighty weapon capable of quickly destroying
the body and heart of my enemy, if I have ever practised
ascetic austerities, gratified by superiors, and listened to the
counsels of well-wishers ! 4 ' Let this shaft, worshipped by me
and possessed of great sharpness slay my enemy Kama by that
Truth ! — Having said these words Dhananjaya let off that
terrible shaft for the destruction of Kama, 4 * — that arrow fierce
and efficacious as a rite prescribed in the Atharvan of Angiras,
blazing with effulgence, and incapable of being endured by Death
himself in battle. And the diadem-decked Partha, desirous
of slaying Kama, with great cheerfulness, said, — Let this shaft
conduce to my victory ! Shot by me, let this arrow possessed
of the splendour of fire or the Sun take Kama to the presence
of Yama ! 47 — Saying these words, Arjuna, decked with diadem
and garlands, cherishing feelings of hostility towards Kama
and desirous of slaying him, cheerfully struck his foe with that
foremost of shafts which was possessed of the splendour of tho
Sun or the Moon and capable of bestowing victory. 48 Thus
sped by that mighty warrior, that shaft endued with the energy
of the Sun caused all the points of the compass to blaze up
with light. With that weapon Arjuna struck off his enemy's
head like Indra striking off the head of Vritra with his
thunder. 43 Indeed, O king, that excellent Anjalika weapon
inspired with mantras into a mighty weapon, the son of Indra
cut off the head of Vaikartana in the afternoon. 10 Thus cut off
with that Anjalika, the trunk of Kama fell down on the
Earth.* 1 The head also of that commander of tho (Kaurava)
army, endued with splondour equal to that of the risen Sim


and resembling the meridian Sun of autumn, full down on the
Earth like the Sun of bloody disc dropped down from the Asta
hills." Indeed, that head abandonod with great unwillingness
the body, exceedingly beautiful and always nursed in luxury,
of Kama of noble deeds, like an owner abandoning with great
unwillingness his commodious mansion filled with great wealth. 6 *
Cut off with Arj una's arrow, and deprived of life, the tall trunk
of Kama endued with great splendour, with blood issuing from
every wound, fell down like the thunder-riven summit of a
mountain of red chalk with crimson streams running adown
its sides after a shower." Then from that body of the fallen
Kama a light passing through the welkin penetrated the
Sun. This wonderful sight, king, was beheld by all the
human warriors after the fall of Kama." Then the Pandavas,
beholding Kama slain by Pb&lguna, loudly blew their conchs.
Similarly, Krishna and Dhananjaya also, filled with delight,
and losing no time, blew their conchs. 56 The Somakas, behold-
ing Kama slain and lying on the field, were filled with joy
and uttered loud shouts with the other troops (of the Pandava
army). In great delight they blew their trumpets and waved
thuir arms and garments." All the warriors, king, approach-
ing Partha, began to applaud him joyfully. Others, possess-
ed of might, danced, embracing each other, and uttering loud
shouts, said,— By good luck, Kama hath been stretched on the
Earth and mangled with arrows ["—Indeed, the severed head
of Kama looked beautiful like a mountain summit loosened by
a tempest, or a quenched fire after the sacrifice is over, or the
ima^e of the Sun after it has reached the Asta hills." The
Kama-sun, with arrows for its rays, after having scorched the
hostile army, was at last caused to be set by the mighty Arjuna-
time. 60 As the Sun, while proceeding towards the Asta hills,
retires taking away with him all his rays, even so that shaft (of
Arjuna) passed out, taking with it Kama's life-breaths." The
death hour of the Suta's son, sire, was the afternoon of that
day.* Cut off with the .4 njalika weapon in that battle, the

* I adopt the Bombay reading of this line, aud follow Xilakantha's
gloss in interpreting it.— T.

888 m aha mi a rata,

head of Kama fell down along with his body. 68 Indeed, that
arrow of Arjuna, in the very sight of the Kaurava troops, quick-
ly took away the head and the body of Kama. 58 Beholding
the heroic Kama thrown down stretched on the Earth, pierced
with arrows and bathed in blood, the king of the Madras went
away on that car deprived of its standard. 64 After the fall of
Kama, the Kauravas, deeply pierced with shafts in that battle,
and afflicted with fear, tied away from the field, frequently cast-
ing their eyes on that lofty standard of Arjuna that blazed
with splendour. 65 The beautiful he'ad, graced with a face that
resembled a lotus of thousand petals, of Kama whose feats
were like those of the thousand-eyed Indra, fell down on the
Earth like the thousand-rayed Sun as he looks at the close of
day.' " 6 «

Section XCII.

"Sanjaya said, — 'Beholding the troops crushed with arrows
in that encounter between Kama and Arjuna, Calya proceeded,
filled with wrath, on that car divested of its equipments. 1 Be-
holding his army deprived of the Suta's son and its cars and
steeds and elephants destroyed, Duryodhana, with eyes bathed
in tears, repeatedly sighed the very picture of woe.* Desirous
of beholding the heroic Kama, pierced with arrows and bathed
in blood, and stretched on the Earth like the Sun dropped from
the skies at will, the warriors came thero and stood surrounding
the fallen hero. 3 Amongst those belonging to the enemy and
thy army that thus stood there, some showed signs of joy,
some of fear, some of sorrow, some of wonder, and some gave
themselves up to great grief, according to their respective
natures.* Others amongst the Kauravas, hearing that Kama
of mighty energy, had. been slain by Dhananjaya, his armour,
ornaments, robe3, and weapons, having all been displaced, fled
inv-fear like a herd of kino afflicted with exceeding fear at losing
its bull. 8 Bhima then, uttering loud roars and causing the wel-
kin to tremble with those awful and tremendous shouts, began
to slap his armpits, jump, and dance, frightening the Dharta-
rashtras by those movements.' The Somakas and the Srinjayaa


also loudly blew their conchs. All the Kshatriyas embraced
one another in joy, upon beholding the Suta's son slain at that

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