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juncture. 7 Having fought a dreadful buttle, Kama was slain by
Arjuna like an elephant by a lion. That bull among men, viz ,
Arjuna, thus accomplished his vow. Indeed, even thus.. Partha
reached the end of his hostility (towards Karna). s The ruler of
the Madras, with stupified heart, quickly proceeding, king,
to the side of Duryodhana, on that car divested uf standard,
said in sorrow these words:' — The elephants, the steeds, and
the foremost of car-warriors of thy army have been slain ! Iu
consequence of those mighty warriors, and steeds, and elephants
huge as hills, having been slain after coming into contact with
one another, thy host looks like the domains of Yama ' 10 Never
before, Bharata, has a battle been fought like that between
Kama and Arjuna today ! Kama had powerfully assailed the
two Krishnas today and all others who are thy foes '." Destiny,
however, has certainly flowed, controlled by Partha. It is for
this that Destiny is protecting the Pandavas and weakening ua '
Many are the heroes who, resolved to accomplish thy objects,
have been forcibly slain by the enemy." Brave kings, who in
energy, courage, and might, were equal to Kuvera or Yama or
Vasava or the Lord of the waters, who were possessed of every
merit, who were almost unslayable, and who were desirous of
achieving thy object, have in battle been slain by the Pan-
davas ! Do not, Bharata, grieve for this I This is Destiny '
Comfort thyself ! Success cannot be always attained:* 13 " 14 —
Hearing these words of the ruler of the Madras and reflecting
on his own evil doings, Duryodhana, with a cheerless heart,
became almost deprived of his senses and sighed repeatedly the
Jery picture of woe. ' ""



SV T1..S XCIII.

Dhritarashlra said, — What was the aspect of the Kuru
and the Srinjaya host on that awful day while it was crushed
with arrows and scorched (with weapons) in that encounter be-

* I ;i')'->pt the Bombay reading of the last line of 11. — T.

47



Z70 MA7T.VBTIAJUTA,

tween Kama and Arjuna and while it. was flying away from the
Held V 1

•'Sanjaya said, — 'Hear, O king, with attention how that
awful and great carnage of human beings and elephants and
steeds occurred in battle !* When, after Kama's fall Partha
uttered leonine shouts, a great fright entered the hearts of thy
puis, 3 Upon the fall of Kama no warriror of thy army set his
heart on rallying thetroops or putting forth his prowess. 4 Their
refuge having been destroyed by Arjuna, they were then like
raftless merchants, whose vessels have wrecked on the fathom-
less ocean, desirous of crossing the uncrossable main, 5 After
&he slaughter of the Suta's son, O king, the Kauravas, terri-
fied and mangled with shafts, masterless and desirous of pro-
tection, became like a herd of elephants afflicted by lions.*
Vanquished by Savyasachin on that afternoon, they fled away
like bulls with broken horns or snakes with broken fangs. 7
Their foremost of heroes slain, their troops thrown into con-
fusion, themselves mangled with keen arrows, thy sons, after
the fall of Kama, O king, fled away in fear. 8 Divested of
weapons and armour, no longer able to ascertain which point of
the compass was which, and deprived of their senses, they
crushed one another in course of their flight, and looked afe
one another, afflicted with fear. 9 — It is me that Yibhatsu is
pursuing with speed ! — It is me that Vrikodara is pursuing
u ith speed ! — thought every one among the Kauravas who be-
came pale with fear and fell down as they fled. 10 Some on horses,
some on cars, some on elephants, and some on foot, mighty ear-
warriors, endued with gj*eat speed, fled away in fear.' 1 Cars
were broken by elephants, horsemen were crushed by great car-
warriors, and bands of foot-soldiers were trod down by bodies of
horse, a3 these fled in fear. ia Liko people without protectors
in a forest teeming with beasts of prey and robbers, thy warriors
became, after the fall of the Suta's son ! 13 They were then like
elephants without riders and men without arms. Afflicted
with fear, they looked upon the whole world as if it were full
of Parfeha. 1 * Beholding them fly away afflicted with the fear
ef Bhimasena, indeed, seeing his troops thus leave the field
in thousands, Duryodhana, uttering cries of Oh and Alas, ad-



KlRNA fakva.

dressed his driver, saying, 11 * — Parbha will never be able bo
transgress myself standing bow in hand: Ui£e my steeds slowly
behind all the troops : 16 Without doubt, if I fight standing in
the rear of the army, the son of Kuuti will never bo able to
transgress me even as the vasty dee]) is unable to transgn
its continents.' 7 Slaying Arjuna ami Govinda and the proud
Vrikodara and the rest of my foes, I will free myself from the
debt I owe to Kama!* 8 — Hearing these words of the Kuru
king that were so worthy of a hero and honorable man. the
charioteer slowly urged his steeds adorned with trappings of
gold. 19 Then five and twenty thousand warriors on foot, be
longing to thy army, without cars and cavalry and elephant.;
among them, prepared for battle. 20 Bhimasena filled with wrath,
and Dhrishtadyumna the son of Prishata, encompassed them-
with four kinds of forces and began to strike them with their
shafts. 81 In return, those warriors fought with Bhima and
Prishata's son. Some amongst them challenged the two heroes
by name. 42 Then Bhimasena became filled with rage. Alight-
ing from his car. mace in hand, he fought with those Warrior
arrived for battle. 23 Observant of the rules of fair fight, Vrik
dara, the son of Kunti, came down from his car, and relying
upon the might of his arms, began to fight on foot with bhosex
foes of his that were on foot. 34 Taking up his massive ma^e
adorned with gold, he began to slaughter them all, like tho
Destroyer armed with his bludgeon. 1 * The Kaurava warriors o:>
foot, filled with rage and becoming reckless of their liv
rushed against Bhima in that battle like insects upon a blazing
fire. 80 Those infuriate combatants, difficult of being defeated
in battle, approaching Bhimasena, perished in a trice like living
creatures upon seeing the Destroyer. 27 The mighty Bhima,
armed with mace, careered like a hawk and destroyed all those
five and twenty thousand combatants. 23 Having slain that
division of heroic warriors, Bhima, of prowess incapable of
being baffled and great might, once more stood, with Dhrishta-
dyumna before him. 89 Possessed of great energy, Dhananjaya



* The Bombay reading is h<l ha A', This

i set.— T.



372 MAHABHARATA.

proceeded against the (remnant of the) car force (of the Kau-
ravas). 30 The two sons of Madri, and Satyaki, filled with joy,
rushed with speed against Cakuni and slaughtered the troops of
Suvala's son. 31 Having slain with keen shafts his cavalry and
elephants in that encounter, they rushed impetuously against
Cakuni himself upon which a great battle took place. 33 Mean-
while Dhananjaya, O lord, proceeding against thy car- force,
twanged his bow Gdndiva celebrated over the three worlds. 38
Beholding that car having white steeds yoked unto it and
owning Krishna for its driver, and seeing that Arjuna was the
warrior standing on it, thy troops fled away in fear. 34 Five and
twenty thousand soldiers on foot, deprived of cars and mangled
with shafts, had perished (at the hands of Bhima and Dhrishta-
dyumna). 88 Having slain them, that tiger among men, that
great car-warrior among the Panchalas, viz., the high-souled
Dhrishtadyumna the son of the Panchala king, 5 ' soon showed
himself, with Bhimasena before him. That slayer of foes and
mighty bowman appeared exceedingly handsome. 37 Beholding
Dhrishtadyumna's car which had steeds white as pigeons yoked
unto it and whose lofty standard was made of the trunk of a
Kov'ulira, the Kauravas fled away in great fear. 83 The twins
(Nakula and Sahaleva) of great fame, and Satyaki, having
pursued with great speed the king of the Gandharas who was
possessed of lightness of hands in the use of weapons, reappeared
(amid the Pandava ranks). 39 Chekitana and Cikhandin and the
(five) sons of Draupadi; O sire, having slaughtered thy vast
army, blew their conchs. 40 All those heroes, although they
saw thy troops flying away with faces turned from the field, still
pursued them, like bulls pursuing angry bulls after vanquishing
them. 41 Pandu's son Savyasachin of great might, O king,
beholding a remnant of thy army still standing for battle, be-
came filled with wrath. 4 * Possessed of great energy, Dhanan-
jaya rushed against that car-force, drawing his bow Gdndiva
celebrated over the three worlds. 43 Suddenly he shrouded
them with showers of arrows. The dust that was raised dark-
ened the scene and nothing could any longer be distinguished. 44
When the Earth was thus shrouded with dust and when darkness
covered everything, thy troops, king, fled on all sides from



t



KiltNA I'AK'.'A. 373

fear. 41 When the Kuril army thus broke, the Kuru kingj
O monarch, viz., thy son, rushed against all his foes advancing
against him. 45 Then Duryodfaana challenged all the Pandavas
to battle, O chief of Bharata's race, liko the Asura Yali in
days of yore challenging the gods. 47 At this, all the Pandava
heroes, uniting together, rushed against the advancing Duryo-
dhana, shooting and hurling at him diverse weapons and
upbraiding him repeatedly. 48 Duryodhana, however, filled with
rage, fearlessly slaughtered those enemies of his in hundreds
and thousands, with keen shafts. 43 The prowess that we then
beheld of thy son was exceedingly wonderful, for alone and un-
supported, he fought with all the Pandavas united together. 80
Duryodhana then beheld his own troops who, mangled with
arrows, had set their hearts on ilight, gone not far from the
field. 51 Rallying them then, monarch, thy son who was
resolved to maintain his honor, gladdening those warriors of
his, said these words unto them ! t2 — I do not see that spot in
Earth or on the mountains, whither, if ye fly, the Pandavas
will not slay ye ! What use then in flying away ? ss Small is
the force that the Pandavas now have ! The two Krishnas
also are exceedingly mangled 1 If all of us stay for battle,
victory will certainly be ours I s4 If we fly in disunion, the
sinful Pandavas, pursuing us, will certainly slay all of us ! For
this, it is better that we should die in battle ! 5S Death in battie
is fraught with happiness ! Fight, observant of the Kshatriya's
duty ! He that is dead knows no misery ! On the other
hand, such a one enjoys eternal bliss hereafter ! s6 Listen, ye
Kshatriyas, ay, all of ye, that are assembled here ! When
the destroyer Yama spareth neither the hero nor the coward,
who is there so foolish of understanding, although observant
of a Kshatriya's vow like us, that would not fight ?* 7 Would
ye place yourselves under the power of the angry foe Bhima-
sena ? It behoveth ye not to abandon the duty observed by
your sires and grandsires ! 88 Thero is no greater sin for a
Kshatriya than flight from battle ! There is no more blessed
path for heaven, ye Kauravas, than the duty of battle ! Slain
in battle, ye warriors, enjoy heaven without delay ! — '*'

"Sanjaya continued;— 'While even thecc words were being



37-4 MA1IAB11ARATA.

uttered by thy son, the (Kaurava) warriors, exceedingly mangl-
ed, fled away on all sides, regardless of that speech.' '' co



Section XCIV.

"Sanjaya said. — 'The ruler of the Madras then, beholding
thy son employed in rallying the troops, with fear depicted in
his countenance and with heart stupified with grief, said these
words unto Duryodhana. 1

" 'Calya said, — Behold this awful field of battle, hero;
covered with heaps of slain men and steeds and elephants !
Some tracts are covered with fallen elephants, huge as moun-
tains, exceedingly mangled, their vital limbs pierced with
shafts, lying helplessly, deprived of life, their armour displaced,
and the weapons, the shields and the swords with which they
were equipt lying scattered about ! These fallen animals resem-
ble huge mountains riven with thunder, with their rocks
and lofty trees and herbs loosened from them and lying all
around ! 2 " 8 The bells and iron hooks and lances and standards
with which those huge creatures had been equipt are lying on
the ground. Adorned with housings of gold, their bodies are
now bathed in blood ! Some tracts, again, are covered with
fallen steeds, mangled with shafts, breathing hard in pain, and
vomiting blood. 4 Some of them are sending forth soft wails of
pain, some are biting the Earth with rolling eyes, and some arc
uttering piteous neighs. Portions of the field are covered with
horsemen and elephant-warriors fallen off from their animals,
and with bands of car-warriors forcibly thrown down from
their cars.' Some of them are already dead and some are on
the point of death. Covered also with the corpses of men and
steeds and elephants as also with crushed cars and other huge
elephants with their trunks and limbs cut off, the Earth has
become awful to look at like the great Vaitarani (skirting
the domains of Yama). 6 Indeed, the Earth looketh even such,
being strewn with other elephants, stretched on the ground with
trembling bodies and broken tusks, vomiting blood, uttering soft
cries in pain, deprived of the warriors on their backs, divested of
the arinoujc that covered their limbs, and reft of the lout soldiers,



K.Ui.SA PAltVAi






that protected their flanks and rear, and with their quivers and
banners and standards displaced, their bodies adorned with
housings of gold struck deep with the weapons of the foe" The
Earth looked like the cloud-covered welkin in consequence of
being strewn with the fallen bodies of elephant-warriors and
horse-men and car-warriors, all of great fame, and of foot-
soldiers slain by foes 'fighting face to face, and divested of
armour and ornaments and attire and weapons. 8 Covered with
thousands of fallen combatants mangled with arrows, fully
exposed to the view, and deprived of consciousness, — with some
amongst them whoso breaths were returning slowly, — the Earth
seemed as if covered with many extinguished fires. 3 With
those foremost of heroes among both the Kurus and the Srin-
JAyas, pierced with arrows and deprived of life by Partha and
Kama, the Earth seemed as if strewn with blazing plants fallen
from the firmament, or like the nocturnal firmament itself
bespangled with blazing planets of serene light. 10 * The shafts
4ped from the arms of Kama and Arjuna, piercing through tho
bodies of elephants and steeds and men and quickly stilling
their lives, entered the Earth like mighty snakes entering their
holes with heads bent downwards.' 1 The Earth has become
impassable with heaps of slain men and steeds and elephants,
and with cars broken with the shafts of Dhananjaya and Adhi-
ratha's son and with the numberless shaft? themselves shot by
them ! 12 f Strewn with well-equipt cars crushed by means of
mighty shafts along with tho warriors and the weapons and the



* Verses 9 and 10 as in the Bengal texts do not agree with those in
the Bombay edition In every sloka from 1 to 8 diverse differences of
reading occur. I have mainly followed the Bengal tests, making an
occasional correction by the aid of the Bombay edition. — T.

t Like the previous verses, this also, as'read in the Bombay edition,
differs in many respects from the form in which it occurs in the Bengal
texts. Instead of Gajairasanhhais of the Bengal texts, the Bombay
reading is Oajaischa-santhe. Then for Avabhinnais the Bombay reading
is Apaviddhais. There are othe* differences again which need not bo
mentioned. The fact is, it is tiresome to note all or even many of the
variations in reading which one meets with by comparing the verses of j
thi* section ;\* they occur in the Bengal an 1 the Bombay texts.— T.



37 (i MAHABHARATA,

standards upon them, — cars, that is, with their traces broken,
their joints separated, their axles and yokes and Trivenus re-
duced to fragments, their wheels loosened, their Upashkaras
destroyed, their AnvJcarsnas cut into pieces, the fastenings of
their quivers cut off, and their niches (for the accommodation
of drivers) broken, — strewn with those vehicles adorned with
gems and gold, the Earth looks like the firmament overspread
with autumnal clouds. 18 " 1 * In consequence of well-equipt royal
cars deprived of riders and dragged by fleet steeds, as also of
men and elephants and cars and horses that fled very quickly,
the army has been broken in diverse ways." Spiked maces with
golden bells, battle-axes, sharp lances, heavy clubs, mallets,
bright unsheathed swords, and maces covered with cloth of gold,
have fallen on the field. 16 Bows decked with ornaments of gold,
and shafts equipt with beautiful wings of pure gold, and bright
unsheathed rapiers of excellent temper, and lances, and scimi-
tars bright as gold, 17 and umbrellas, and fans, and conchs, and
arms decked with excellent flowers and gold, and housings of
elephants, and standards, and car-fences, and diadems, and
necklaces, and brilliant crowns, 18 and yak-tails lying about, O
kino-, and garlands luminous with corals and pearls, and chap-
lets for the head, and bracelets for both the wrist and the
upper arms, and collars for the neck with strings of gold,"
and diverse kinds of costly diamonds and gems and pearls, and
bodies brought up in great luxury, and heads beautiful as
the moon, are lying scattered about. 40 Abandoning their
bodies and enjoyments and robes and diverse kinds of agree-
able pleasures, and acquiring great merit for the devotion they
showed to the virtues of their order, they have speedily gone
in a blaze of fame to regions of bliss ? l Turn back, Dur-
yodhana ! Let the troops retire ! king, O giver of honors,
proceed towards thy camp ! There, the Sun is hanging low in
the welkin, O lord ! Remember, ruler of men, that thou art
the cause of all this !"— Having said these words, unto Duryo-
dhana, Calya, with heart filled with grief, stopped. Duryo-
dhana, however, at that time, deeply afflicted and deprived of
his senses, and with eyes bathed in tears, wept for the Suta's
son, saying,— Oh Kama ! Oh Kama ! 1 *— Then all the kings



KARNA PARVA, 377

headed by Drona's son, repeatedly comforting Duryodhana,
proceeded towards the camp, frequently looking back at the
lofty standard of Arjuna that sop mod to bo ablaze with his
fame. 4 * At that terrible hour when everything around looked
so resplendent, the Ivauravas, all of whom had resolved to
repair to the other world, their features incapable of recognition
owing to the blood that covered them, beholding the Earth.
that was drenched with the blood flowing from the bodies of
men and steels and elephants, look like a courtezan attired in
orirason robes and floral garlands and ornaments of gold, were
unable, O king, to stand there !' 8 "" Filled with grief at the
slaughter of Kama, they indulged in loud lamentations, saving,
— Alas, Kama! Alas, Kama! — Beholding the Sun assume
a crimson hue. all of them speedily proceeded towards their
camp." As regards Kama, though, slain and pierced with gold-
winged shafts whetted on stone and equipt with feathers dyed
in blood and sped from Gdndina, yet that hero, lying on the
ground, looked resplendent like the Sun himself of bright
vivs. 23 It seemed that the. illustrious Surya, ever kind to his
w irshippers, having touched with his rays the gore-drenched
b)dy of Kama, proceeded, with aspect crimson in grief, to the
other ocean from desire of a bath. 29 * Thinking so, the throngs
of celestials and Rishls (that had como there for witnessing the
battle) left the scene for proceeding to their respective abodes.
The large crowd of other beings also, entertaining the same
thought, went away, repairing as they chose to heaven or the
Earth. 30 The foremost of Kuru heroes also, having beheld that
w mderful battle between Dhananjaya and Adhiratha's son.
'-vhich had inspired all living creatures with dread, proceeded (to

* The beauty of thin simile will be understood when it is r<*ruem-
bereil that the ctHtom, observe'.! to this .lay in India by the relatives o£
a dead person, is to bathe in a tank or stream soon after receiving tha
news of death. It" again the corp3e 1b touched, the rame rite of puriika*
tion has to be performed. Uere, Surya is the -ire of Karna, and the
latter had also been a devout worshipper of that ? : .rc The r-ctting Sun
is, therefore, represented as proceeding to the western ocean for a batb,
having witnessed the death of hia child and having also touched the body
of that child with hig nv?, the Sanskrit worl for ra;- being Kara which
stands also for the hand. — T.



i ■ htly quarters), filled with wonder and applauding (the
encounter). 8 ' Though his armour had been cut off with arrows,
! though he had been slain in course of that dreadful fight,
I that boaufcy of features which the son of Radha possessed
did mt abandon him when dead.* 8 Indeed, every one beheld
the body of the hero to resemble heated gold. It seemed to be
endued with life and possessed of the effulgence of fire or the
tn. ?s All the warriors, O king, wore inspired with fright at
■h', ol the Suta's son lying dead on the field, like other
animals at sight of the lion.** Indeed, though dead, that tiszcr
among men seemed ready to utter his commands. Nothing,
::; that illustrious dead, seemed changed. 5S Clad in a beauti-
ful attire, and possessed of a neck that was very beautiful,
&he Suta's s >n owned a face which resembled the full moon in
splend >ur. 35 Adorned with diverse ornaments and decked with
Anffalas nude of bright gold, Yaikartana, though slain, lay
stretched like a gigantic tree adorned with branches and
twigs. 57 Indeed, that tiger among men lay like a heap of
pure gold, or like a blazing fire extinguished with the water of
Partha's shafts. 38 Even as a blazing conflagration is extinguish-
ed when it comes in contact with water, the Kama conflagra-
tion was extinguished by the Partha-cloud in that battle. 39
Having shot showers of arrows and scorched the ten points of
the compass, that tiger among men, viz., Kama, along with
his sons, was quieted by Partha's energy. He left the world,
taking away with him that blazing glory of his own which he*
had earned on Earth by fair fight. 40 Having scorched tha
Pandavas and the Panchalas with the energy of his weapons,
having p >ufed showers of arrows and burnt the hostile divi-
sions,*' having, indeed, heated the universe like the thousand-
rayed Surya of great beauty, Kama, otherwise called Vaikar-
tana, 1. ft, the world, with his soup and followers. 4 * Thus fell
that hero who was a Kalpa tree unto these swarms of birds
represented by suitors. Solicited by suitors he always said, —
j rflvS— but never the words — I have not?* — The righteous
always regarded him as a righteous person. Even such was
Vrisha who fell in single combat ! All the wealth of that high-
soiled person hid been dedicated to the Brivhmanas. There wag



nothing nut even In- life, Unit lie could nut give away unto tin
Brah muiKks. 4 * lie was ever the favourite of ladi
liberal, and a mighty car-warrior. Burnt by the weapons of
IWrtha, he attained to the highest end. 45 * Ho, relying upon
whom thy son had provoked hostilities, thus went to heaven.,
taking away with him the hope of victory, the happiness, and
the armour of the Kauravas !** When Kama fell, the river
stood still. The Sun set with u pate hue. The planet Mercury,
the son of Soma, assuming the hue of lire or the Sun, appeared 1
to course through the firmament in a slanting direction. 4 ' The
firmament seemed to be rent in twain ; the Earth uttered loud
roars ; violent and awful winds began to blow. All the points of
the horizon, covered with smoUe; seemed to be ablaze. Tin;
great oceans were agitated and uttered awful sounds. 48 The
mountains with their forests began to tremble, and all crea-
tures, 0' sire, felt pain. The planet Jupiter, afflicting the
constellation Rohini, assumed the hue of the Moon or tho
Sun. 49 Upon the fall of Kama, the subsidiary points also
of the compass became ablaze. The welkin became enveloped
in darkness. The Earth trembled. Meteors of blazing splen-
dour fell. Rakshmas and other wanderers of the night be
came filled with joy. 50 When Arjuna, with that razor-faced
shaft, struck off Kama's head adorned with a face beautiful
as the Moon, then, O king, loud cries of Oh and Alas were
heard of creatures in heaven, in the welkin, and on the Earth.* 1



Online LibraryPratap Chandra RoyThe Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa (Volume 5) → online text (page 35 of 67)