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half moon. 27 On the left side was stationed Bhimasena, and on
the right was stationed the great bowman Dhrishtadyumna. 28
In the middle of the array were the king and Dhananjaya the
son of Pandu. Nakula and Sahadeva were at the rear of king
Yudhishthira the just. 29 The two Panchala princes, viz., Yu-
dhamanyu and Uttamaujas, became the protectors of (Arjuna's)
car-wheels. Protected by the diadem-decked Arjuna himself,
they did not quit Arjuna for a moment. 30 The remaining kings,
possessed of great courage, clad in mail, stood in the array,
each in the position assigned to him, according to the measure
of his enthusiam and resolution, O Bharata. 31 Having thus
formed their great array, O Bharata, the Pandavas, and the
mighty bowmen of thy army set their hearts on battle. 23 Be-
holding thy army disposed into battle array by the Sulas son in

* A triplet in the Bengal texts. — T.
5



34 MAHABHARATA.

battle, Duryodhana with all his brethren regarded the Pandavas
to be already slain. 38 Similarly Yudhishthira, king, behold-
ing the Pandava army disposed in array, regarded the Dharta-
rashtras with Kama to be already slain. 34 Then conchs, and
kettle-drums, and tabours, and large drums, and cymbals, and
Dindimas, and Jharjharas, were loudly blown and beat on all
sides ! ss Indeed, those loud-sounding instruments were blown
and beat, king, among both the armies. Leonine roars also
arose, uttered by brave warriors for victory. 3 ' And there also
arose, king, the noise of neighing steeds and grunting ele-
phants, and the fierce clatter of car-wheels. 37 None, O Bha-
rata, (in the Kaurava army), at that time, felt the loss of Drona,
seeing the great bowman Kama clad in mail and stationed afe
the head of the array. 38 Both armies, monarch, teeming
with joyous men, stood, eager for battle and (ready) to destroy
each other without delay. 89 There, the two heroes, viz., Kama
and the son of Pandu, excited with wrath at sight of each
other, and both firmly resolved, stood or careered, king,
through their respective divisions. 40 The two armies, as they
advanced to meet each other, seemed to dance (in joy). From
the wings and the side- wings of both, warriors desirous of
battle came forth. 41 * Then commenced the battle, monarchy
of men, elephants, steeds, and cars, engaged in destroying one
another.' " 4i



Section XII.

"Sanjaya said, — 'Then those two vast armies, teeming with
rejoicing men and steeds and elephants, resembling in splen-
dour the celestial and the Asura hosts, meeting together, began
to strike each other. 1 Men, cars, steeds, elephants, and foot-
soldiers, of fierce prowess, made sturdy strokes destructive of
bodies and sins.-j** Lion-like men strewed the Earth with the



* It would seem that when the actual encounter took place, the order
of the array, as regards both armies, was speedily and entirely lost. — T.

+ I adopt the Bengal reading which is Dekapapmapromaganan. The
meaning, of course, is that the men were slain so that their bodies were
destroyed a3 also their sins, for death iu battle is rewarded with heaven.



KAKNA PAHVA. 35

heal-; of lion-like men, each resembling, the full moon or the
sun in splend >ur and the lotus in fragrance. 8 Combatants cut-
off the heads of combatants, with crescent-shaped and broad-
headed shafts and razor-faced arrows and axes, and battle-
axes. 4 The arms of men of long and massive arms, cut off by
men of long and massive arms, falling upon the Earth, shone,
decked with weapons and bracelets. 5 With those writhing arms
adorned with red fingers and palms, the Earth looked resplendent
as if strewn with fierce five-headed snakes slain by Garuda*
From elephants .and cars and steeds, brave warriors fell down,
struck by foes, like the denizens of heaven from their celestial
cars on the exhaustion of their merits. 7 Other^brave warriors fell
down by hundreds, crushed in that battle by braver combatants
with heavy maces and spiked clubs and short bludgeons.*
Cars also, in that tumultuous fight, were crushed by cars, and
infuriate elephants by infuriate compeers, and horsemen by
horsemen. 9 Men destroyed by cars, and cars by elephants, and
horsemen by foot-soldiers, and foot-soldiers by horsemen, dropp-
ed down on the field, 10 as also cars and steeds and foot-soldiers
destroyed by elephants, and cars and steeds'and^elephants by
foot-soldiers, and cars and foot-soldiers and elephants by steeds,
and men and elephants by cars. 11 Great was the carnage made
of car- warriors and steeds and elephants and men by men and
steeds and elephants and car-warriors, using their hands and
feet and weapons and cars. 13 When that host was being thus
struck and slain by heroic warriors, the Parthas, headed by
Vrikodara, advanced against us. 1 * They consisted of Dhrishta-
dyumna and Cikhandin and the (five) sons of Draupadi and the
Prabhadrakas, and Slityaki and Chekitana with the Dravida
forces, and the Pandyas, the Cholas, and the Keralas, surrounded
by a mighty array, all possessed of broad chests, long arms, tall
statures, and large eyes.'*" 1 * Decked with ornaments, possr I
of red teeth, endued with the prowess of infuriate elephants,
attired in robes of diverse colors, smeared with powdered scents. "
armed with swords and nooses, capable of restraining mighty



* The Bombay text reada Prahitais. Tf this reading be accent' 1.
the in eaiiiiig would be "dropped" by Gadura.— T.



36 MAHABHARATA.

elephants, companion's in death, and never deserting one an-
other, 17 equipt with quivers, bearing bows, adorned with long
locks, and agreeable in speech, were the combatants of the in-
fantry files led by Satyaki, belonging to the Andhra tribe,
endued with fierce forms and great energy.* 18 Other brave
warriors such as the Chedis, the Panchalas, the Kaikayas, the
Karushas, the Kocalas, the Kanchis, and the Maghadhas, also
rushed forward. 19 Their cars and steeds and elephants, all of
the foremost kind, and their fierce foot-soldiers, gladdened by
the notes of diverse instruments, seemed to dance and laugh.f 20
In the midst of that vast force, came Vrikodara, riding on the
neck of an elephant, and surrounded by many foremost of ele
phant-soldiers, advancing against thy army. 21 That fierce and
foremost of elephants, duly equipt, looked resplendent, like the
stone-built mansion on the top of the Udaya mountain, crowned
with the risen Sun. 88 Its armour of iron, the foremost of its
kind, studded with costly gems, was as resplendent as the
autumnal firmament bespangled with stars. 23 With a lance
in his outstretched arm, his head decked with a beautiful dia-
dem, and possessed of the splendour of the meridian Sun at
autumn, Bhima began to burn his foes.'* Beholding that ele-
phant from a distance, Kshemadhurti, himself on an elephant,
challenging, rushed cheerfuly towards Bhima who was more
cheerful still. 25 An encounter then took place between those
two elephants of fierce forms resembling two huge hills topped
with trees, each fighting with the other as it liked. 26 Those
two heroes then, whose elephants thus encountered each other,
forcibly struck each other with lances endued with the splendour
of solar rays, and uttered loud roars. 27 Separating, they then
careered in circles with their elephants, and each taking up a
bow begarf to strike the other. 28 Gladdening the people around
with their loud roars and the slaps on their armpits and the
whizz of their arrows, they continued to utter leonine shouts. 23
Endued with great strength, both of them, accomplished in

* 1 adopt the Bengal reading' — T.

+ Vd'l'jarov ris of the Bengal texts is preferable to Vadyadhara's of
the Bombay edition. — T.



KARNA I'AItVA. 37

weapons, fought, using their elephants with upturned trunks
and decked with banners floating on the wind. 30 Then each
cutting off the other's bow, they roared at each other, and rained
on each other showers of darts and lances like two masses of
clouds in the rainy reason pouring torrents of rain. 11 Then
Kshemadhurti pierced Bhimasena in the centre of the chest
with a lance endued with great impetuosity, and then with
six others, and uttered a loud shout. 82 With those lances
sticking to his body, Bhimasena, whose form then blazed with
wrath, looked resplendent like the cloud-covered Sun with his
rays issuing through the interstices of that canopy. 33 Then
Bhima carefully hurled at his antagonist a lance bright as
the rays of the Sun, coursing perfectly straight, and made
entirely of iron. 3 * The ruler of the Kulutas then, drawing
his bow, cut off that lance with ten shafts and then pierced
the son of Pandu with sixty shafts. 38 Then Bhima the son
of Pandu, taking up a bow whose twang resembled the roar
of the clouds, uttered a loud shout and deeply afflicted with
his shafts the elephant of his antagonist. 85 Thus afflicted
in that battle by Bhimasena with his arrows, that elephant,
though sought to be restrained, staid not on the field like a wind-
blown cloud. 87 The fierce prince of elephants owned by Bhima
then pursued his (flying) compeer, like a wind-blown mass of
clouds pursuing another mass driven by the tempest. 38 Restrain-
ing his own elephant,the valiant Kshemadhurti pierced with his
shafts the pursuing elephant of Bhimasena. 89 Then with a
well-shot razor-headed arrow that was perfectly straight, Kshe-
madhurti cut off his antagonist's bow and then afflicted that
hostile elephant. 49 Filled with wrath, Kshemadhurti then,
in that battle, piercod Bhima and struck his elephant with
many long shafts in overy vital part. That huge elephant of
Bhima then fell down, O Bharata!* 1 * Bhima, however, who
had jumped down from his elephant and stood on the Earth
bofore the fall of the beast, then crushed the elephant of his
antagonist with his mace. 42 And Vrikodara then struck Khc-
madhurti also, who, having jumped down from his crush d

* A triplet the Bengal texts. —T.



38 MAHABHARATA.

elephant, was advancing against him with uplifted weapon. 48
Kshemadhurti, thus struck, fell down lifeless, with the sword
in his arm, by the side of his elephant, like a lion struck down
by thunder beside a thunder-riven hill. 44 Beholding the
celebrated king of the Kulutas slain, thy troops, bull of
Bharata's race, exceedingly distressed, fled away.' " 45



Section XIII.

"Sanjaya said, — 'Then the mighty and heroic bowman Kama
began to smite the Pandava army in that battle, with his
straight shafts. 1 Similarly, those great car-warriors, viz., the
Pandavas, king, filled with wrath, began to smite the army
of thy son in the very sight of Kama. 3 Kama also, king,
in that battle, slew the Pandava army with his cloth-yard
shafts bright as the rays of the Sun and polished by the hands
of the smith. 8 There, O Bharata, the elephants, struck by
Kama with his shafts, uttered loud cries, lost strength, became
faint, and wandered on all sides. 4 While the army was being
thus destroyed by the Sittas son, sire, Nakula rushed with
speed against that mighty car-warrior. s And Bhimasena rushed
against Drona's son who was engaged in the accomplishment of
the most difficult feats. Satyaki checked the Kaikaya princes
Vinda, and Anuvinda. 6 * King Chitrasena rushed against the
advancing Crutakarman ; and Prativindhya against Chitra own-
ing a beautiful standard and a beautiful bow. 7 Duryodhana
rushed against king Yudhishthira the son of Dharma ; while
Dhananjaya rushed against the angry throngs of the Samsap-
takas.'f In that slaughter of great heroes, Dhrishtadyumna
proceeded against Kripa. The invincible Cikhandin closed with
Kritavarman. 9 Crutakirti encountered Calya, and Madri's son,
the valiant Sahadeva, king, encountered thy son Dus(;asana. 10
The two Kaikaya princes, in that battle, shrouded Satyaki with
a shower of blazing arrows, and the latter also, Bharata,

* Vinda and Anuvinda of Avanti were slain by Arjuna. The two
warriors here referred to were of the Kaikayas, not of the Avantis. — T.
T The Bengal texts read Kruddhan and not Eruddhas.—T.



KARNA PARVA, 3D

shrouded the two Kaikaya brothers." Those two heroic bro-
thers deeply struck Satyaki in the chest, like two elephants
striking with their tusks a hostile compeer in the forest.* 1 '
Indeed, king, those two brothers, in that battle, their own
vitals pierced with shafts, pierced Satyaki of true deeds with
their shafts. 13 Satyaki, however, O great king, covering all
the puints of the compass with a shower of arrows and smiling
the while, checked the two brothers, O Bharata. 14 Checked by
those showers of arrows shot by the grandson of Cini, the two
brothers speedily shrouded the car of Cini's grandson with their
shafts. 18 Cutting off their beautiful bows, Caurin of great
fame, checked them both with his keen arrows in that battle. 1 *
Taking up two other beautiful bows, and a number of powerful
shafts, the two beeran to cover Satyaki and career with great
activity and skill. 17 Shot by the two brothers, those mighty
shafts equipt with the feathers of the Kanka and the peacock
and decked with gold, began to fall, illumining all the points of
the compass. 18 In that dreadful battle between them, king,
the arrows they shot caused a darkness there. Those mighty
car- warriors then cut off each other's bows. 19 Then the invincible
Satwata, king, filled with rage, took up another bow in that
battle, and stringing it, cut off Anuvinda's head with a keen
razor-headed shaft. 20 Decked with ear-rings, that large head,
O king, fell like the head of Camvara slain in the great battle
(of old). And it reached the Earth in no time, filling all the
Kaikayas with grief. JI f Beholding that bave warrior slain,
his brother, the mighty car-warrior Vinda, stringing another
bow, began to resist the grandson of Cini from every side."
Piercing Satyaki with sixty arrows equipt with wings of
gold and whetted on stone, he uttered a loud shout and
said, — Wait, Wait ! as — Then that mighty car-warrior of the
Kaikayas speedily struck Satyaki with many thousands of
shafts in his arms and chest. 84 All his limbs wounded with
arrows, Satyaki, of prowess incapable of being baffled, looked
resplendent in that battle, king, like a flowering Kinguka. 2 *

* The Bengal texts read Muhdrane for Mahavanc. — T.
t B.jth 20 and 21 are triplets in the Bengal texts.— T.



40 MAHABHARATA.

Pierced by the high-souled Kaikaya in that encounter, Satyaki,
with the greatest ease, pierced the Kaikaya (in return) with
five and twenty arrows/ 6 Then those two foremost of car-
warriors, having each cut off the other's handsome bow in that
encounter, and having each quickly slain the other's driver and
steeds, approached each other on foot for a fight with swords. 27 *
Both endued with massive arms, they looked resplendent on
that extensive arena, each having taken up a shield decked
with a hundred moons, and each armed with an excellent sword,
like Jambha and Cakra, both endued with great might, in the
battle between the gods and the Aswras (of old). 28 Both of
them, in that great battle, then began to career in circles.
And then they speedily encountered each other in battle, each
approachnig the other near. And each of them made great
efforts for the destruction of the other. 29 Then Satwata cut in
twain the shield of Kaikeya. The latter also, king, cut in
twain the shield of Satyaki. 30 Having cut off his antagonist's
shield covered with centuries of stars, Kaikeya began to career
in circles, advancing and receding (at times). 31 Then the
grandson of Cini, endued with great activity, cut off by a side-
stroke the prince of the Kaikeyas thus careering in that great
arena armed with excellent sword. 32 Cased in armour, that
great bowman, viz., the Kaikeya prince, king, thus cut off
in twain in that great battle, fell down like a hill riven with
thunder. 88 Having slain him in battle, that foremost of car-
warriors, that scorcher of foes, viz., the brave grandson of
Cini, quickly got upon the car of Yudhamanyu. 84 Afterwards
riding upon another car duly equipt (with everything), Satyaki
began to slay with his shafts the large force of the Kaikeyas. 35
The vast army of the Kaikeyas, thus slaughtered in battle,
leaving that foe of theirs, fled away on all sides.' " 86



Section XIV.

"Sanjaya said, — 'Crutakarman then, king, filled with
wrath, struck that lord of Earth, viz., Chitrasena, in that

* A triplet iu the Bengal texts,— T.



KARNA PARVA. 41

battle, with fifty shafts. 1 The ruler of the Abhisaraa (in
return), striking Crutakarman, king, with nine straight
arrows, pierced his driver with five. 2 Crutakarman then, filled
with rage, struck Chitrasena at the head of his forces, with a
keen arrow in a vital part. 8 Deeply pierced. O monarch, with
that arrow by that high-souled prince, the heroic Chitrasena
felt great pain and swooned away.* During this interval, Cruta-
karman of great renown covered that lord of Earth, (viz.,
his insensible antagonist), with ninety arrows.* The mighty
car-warrior Chitrasena then, recovering consciousness, cut off
his antagonist's bow with a broad-headed arrow, and pierced his
antagonist himself with seven arrows.' Taking up another bow
that was decked with gold and capable of striking hard. Cruta-
karman then, with his waves of arrows, made Chitrasena as-
sume a wonderful appearance. 7 Adorned with those arrows,
the youthful king, wearing beautiful garlands, looked in that
battle like a well-adorned youth in the midst of an assembly.*
Quickly piercing Crutakarman with an arrow in the centre of
the chest, he said unto him, — Wait, Wait ! 9 — Crutakarman
also, pierced with that arrow in the battle, began to shed blood,
like a mountain shedding streams of liquid red-chalk. 10 Bathed
in blood and dyed therewith, that hero shone in battle like a
flowering Kincuka. 11 Crutakarman then, king, thus assailed
by the foe, became filled with rage, and cut in twain the foe-
resisting bow of Chitrasena. 18 The latter's bow having been
cut off, Crutakarman then, king, pierced him with three
hundred arrows equipt with goodly wings, covering him com-
pletely therewith. 13 With another broad-headed arrow, sharp-
edged and keen-pointed, he cut off the head, decked with
head-gear, of his high-souled antagonist.'* That blazing head
of Chitrasena fell down on the ground, like the moon loosened
from the firmament upon the Earth at will. 11 Beholding the
king slain, the troops of Chitrasena, O sire, rushed impetu-
ously against (his slayer). 15 That great bowman then, filled
with rage, rushed, shooting his shafts, against that army, like
Yama filled with fury, against all creatures at the time of the
universal dissolution. 17 Slaughtered in that battle by thy
grandson armed with the bow, they quickly fled on all sides iika
6



42 MAHABHARATA,

elephants scorched by a forest-conflagration. 13 Beholding them
flying away hopeless of vanquishing the foe, Crutakarman,
pursuing them with his keen arrows, looked exceedingly res-
plendent (on his car). 19 Then Prativindhya, piercing Chitra with
five arrows, struck his driver with three, and his standard with
one. 20 Him Chitra pierced, striking in the arms and the chest,
with nine broad-headed shafts equipt with wings of gold, having
keen points, and plumed with Kanka and peacock feathers. 21
Then Prativindhya, Bhrarata, cutting off with his shafts
the bow of his antagonist, deeply struck the latter with five
keen arrows. 22 Then Chitra, O monarch, sped at thy grandson
a terrible and irresistible dart, adorned with golden bells, and
resembling a flame of fire. 2S Prativindhya, however, in that
battle, cut off, with the greatest ease, into three fragments,
that dart as it coursed towards him like a flashing meteor.* 84
Cut off into three fragments, with Prativindhya's shafts, that
dart fell down, like the thunderbolt insparing all creatures with
fear at the end of the Yuga. 2S Beholding that dart baffled,
Chitra, taking up a huge mace decked with a net-work of gold,
hurled it at Prativindhya. 26 That mace slew the latter 's steeds
and driver also in that great battle, and crushing, besides, his
car, fell with great impetuosity on the Earth. 27 Meanwhile,
having alighted from his car, O Bharata, Prativindhya hurled
at Chitra a dart, well-adorned and equipt with a golden staff. 28
Catching it as it coursed towards him, the high-sou!ed king
Chitra, O Bharata, hurled the very weapon at Prativindhya. 291
Striking the brave Prativindhya in that battle, that blazing
dart, piercing through his right arm, fell down on the Earth, and
falling, illumined the whole region like a blast of lightning. s °t
Then Prativindhya, O king, filled with rage, and desiring to
compass the destruction of Chitra, sped at him a lance decked
with gold. 91 That lance, penetrating through his armour and
chest, entered the Earth like a mighty snake its hole. 32 Struck
with that lance, the king fell down, stretching out his large
and massive arms that resembled a couple of iron clubs. 8 *



* Or, 'like a blazing brand'.— T.
t A triplet iu the Beucral texts,— T,



■"ji*



RARNA TARVA. 4*

Beholding Chitra slain, thy warriors, those ornaments of battle,
rushed impetuously at Prativindhya from all sides. 54 Shooting
diverse kinds of shafts and Qataghnis decked with rows of bells,
they soon covered Prativindhya like masses of clouds covering
the Sun. 38 The mighty-armed Prativindhya, consuming with
his arrowy showers those assailants of his in that battle, routed
thy army like the thunder-wielding Cakra routing the As-
host. S6 Thus slaughtered in battle by the Pandavas, thy
troops, king, suddenly dispersed in all directions like congre-
gated masses of clouds dispersed by the wind. 37 While thy
army, slaughtered on all sides, was thus Hying away, only Dro-
na's son singly rushed with speed against the mighty Bhima-
sena. S8 All at once a fierce encounter ensued between them
like to what had taken place between Vritra and Vasava in tho
battle between the gods and the A suras (of old).' " Z3



Section XV.

"Sanjaya said, — 'Endued with the greatest activity, Drona's
son, king, displaying the lightness of his arms, pierced
Bhima with an arrow. 1 Aiming at all his vital parts, for he
hath a knowledge of all the vital parts of the body, the quick-
handed Acwatthaman again struck him with ninety shafts. 8
Pierced all over with keen arrows by the son of Drona, Bhima-
sena looked resplendent in that battle like the Sun himself with
his rays. 8 The son of Pandu then, covering the son of Drona
with a thousand well-directed shafts, uttered a leonine roar. 4
Baffling with his own shafts the shafts of his foe in that battle.
the son of Drona, king, as if smiling, then struck the
Pandava in the forehead with a clothyard shaft. 1 The son of
Pandu bore that arrow on his forehead even as the proud
rhinoceros, king, in the forest bears its horn. 8 The valiant
Bhima then, in that battle, as if smiling the while, struck the
struggling son of Drona in the forehead with three clothyard
shafts. 7 With those three arrows sticking on his forehead,
that Brahmana looked beautiful like a three-peaked mountain
washed with water in the season of rail The son of Drona

then afflicted the Pandava with hundreds of arroM but fa



44 MAHABHAKATA,

to shake him like the wind failing to shake the mountain,'
Similarly the son of Pandu, filled with joy, could not in that
battle shake the son of Drona with his hundreds of keen shafts
like torrents of rain failing to shake a mountain. 10 Shrouding
each other with showers of terrible shafts, those two great car-
warriors, those two heroes, endued with fierce might, shone
resplendent on those two foremost of cars of theirs. 11 They
then looked like two blazing Suns risen for the destruction of
the world, and engaged in scorching each other with their rays
constituted by excellent arrows. 1 * Endeavouring with great
care to counteract each other's feats in that great battle, and
actually engaged in matching deed by deed with showers of
arrows most fearlessly, 18 those two foremost of men careered in
that combat like a couple of tigers. Both invincible and terri-
ble, arrows constituted their fangs and bows their mouths, 1 *
They became invisible under those clouds of arrows on all sides ;
like the San and the Moon in the firmament shrouded by
masses of clouds. 15 And then those two chastisers of foes soon
became visible and blazed forth like Mars and Mercury freed
from cloudy screens. 16 Then at that instant during the pro-
gress of that awful battle, Drona's son placed Vrikodara to his
right, 17 pouring hundreds of fierce arrows upon him like the



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