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our forces, best of monarch's, we will be able to grain victory,
like the gods, after making the unvanquished Skanda their
commander ! 21 — After Drona's son had said these words, all the
kings stood, surrounding Calya, and cried victory to him;
Having made up their minds for battle, they felt groat j<>y. 2a
Then Duryodhana, alighting from his car, joined his hands
and addressing Calya, that rival of Drona and Bhishma in
battle, who was on his car, said these words : 2S — O thou that
art devoted to friends, that time has now come for thy friends
when intelligent men examine persons in the guise of friends
as to whether they are true friends or otherwise ! 24 Brave as
thou art, be thou our generalissimo at the van of our army.
When thou wilt proceed to battle, the Pandavas, with their
friends, will become cheerless, and the Panchalas will be
depressed ! 2S —

"'Calya answered, — I will, O king of the Kurus, accom-
plish that which thou askest me to accomplish ! Everything
I have, viz., my life-breaths, my kingdom, my wealth, is at
thy service ! 26 —

" "Duryodhana said, — I solicit thee with offer of the leader-
ship of my army, O maternal uncle ! O foremost of warriors,
protect us incomparably, even as Skanda protected the g< ds in
battle! 27 foremost of kings, thyself cause thy own self to
be installed in the command as Pavaka's son Kartikeya in
the command of (the forces of ) the celestials! O hero, slay
our foes in battle like Indra slaying the Danavaa !' " :? —



[Calyd-hadli&



Section VII.



"Sanjaya said, — 'Hearing these words of the (Kuru) king,
the valiant monarch (Calya), O king, said these words unto
Duryodhana in reply : l — mighty-armed Duryodhana, listen
to me, O foremost of eloquent men ! Thou regardest the two
Krishnas, when on their car, to be the foremost of car-war-
riors ! They are not, however, together equal to me in might
of arms ! 2 What need I say of the Piindavas ? When angry,
I can fight, at the van of battle, with the whole world consist-
ing of gods, Asuras, and men, risen up in ams ! 9 I will van-
quish the assembled Parthas and the Somakas in battle !
Without doubt, I will become the leader of thy troops !* I
will form such an array that our enemies will not be able to
overmaster it ! I say this to thee, Duryodhana ! There
is no doubt in this ! 5 — Thus addressed (by Calya), king Duryo-
dhana cheerfully poured sanctified water, without losing any
time, best of the Bharatas, on the ruler of the Madras, in
the midst of his troops, according to the rites ordained in the
scriptures, monarch.* 6 After Calya had been invested with
the command, loud leonine roars arose among thy troops and
diverse musical instruments also, O Bharata, were beat and
blown. 7 f The Kaurava warriors became very cheerful, as
also the mighty car- warriors among the Madrakas. And all of
them praised the royal Calya, that ornament of battle, say-
ing, 8 — Victory to thee, O king ! Long life to thee I Slay all
the assembled foes ! Having obtained the might of thy arms,
let the Dhartarashtras endued with great strength, rule the
wide Earth without a foe !t 9 Thou art capable of vanquishing
in battle the three worlds consisting of the gods, the Asuras,



• /. e , formally invested him with the command of the army, The
ceremony consisted in pouring sanctified water on the head of the person
chosen. — T.

+ The Bombay edition reads, wrongl}', I think, Klishtarupas for
II r ixhtarupas. — T.

\ Literally, 'with all their foes slain !'— T.



Parva.] w \ \ paryi. 2 i

then need be said of the Somakas and the Srinjayas that are
mortal ?'° — Thus praised, the mighty king of the Madrakaa ob-
tained groat joy that is unattainable by persons of unrefined
souls."

,; 'Calya said,— Today, king, I will either slay all the
Panchalaa with the Pandavas in battle, or, slain by them,
proceed to heaven '." Let the world behold me today careering
(on the field of battle) fearlessly ! Today let all the sons of
Panda, and Vasudeva, and Satyaki, 18 and the sons of Drau-
padi, and Dhrishtadyumna, and Cikhandin, and all the Tra-
bhadrakas, 14 behold my prowess and the great might of my
b)w, and my quickness, and the energy of my weapons, and the
strength of my arms, in battle !'* Let the Parthas, and all the
Siddkas, with the Ciutranas, behold today the strong h that is
in my arms and the wealth of weapons I possess ! 16 Beholding
my prowess today, let the mighty car-warriors of the Pandavas,
desirous of counteracting it, adopt diverse courses of action !' 7
Today I will rout the troops of the Pandavas on all sides! Sur-
passing Drona and Bhima and the Suta's son, O lord, in battle.
I will career on the field, Kaurava, for doing what is a»re-
able to thee ! 18 — '

"Saujaya continued, — 'After Calya had been invested with
the command, O giver of honors, no one among thy troops,
O bull of Bharata's race, any longer felt any grief on account
of Kama/ 9 Indeed, the troops became cheerful and glad.
They regarded the Parthas as already slain and brought under
the power of the ruler of the Madras." Having obtained
great joy, thy troops, O bull of Bharata's race, slept that
night happily and became very cheerful.*' Hearing thoso
shouts of thy army, king Yndhishthira, addressing him of
Vrishni's race, said these words, in the hearing of all the
Kshatriyas :" — The ruler of the Madras, viz., Calya, that great
bowman who is highly regarded by all the warriors, hath,
O Madhava. b n en made the leader of his forces by Dhritarash-
tra's son !*" Knowing this that has happened, do, O Mfidhava,
that which is beneficial ! Thou art our loader and protector !
Do that which should next be done ' 2 * — Then Vasudeva, O
monarch, said unto that king :— I know ArtHyani, Bharata,
1



26 MAH.U51I.VRATA, [£alya-badka

truly ! 2S Endued with prowess and great energy, he is highly
illustrious ! He is accomplished, conversant with all the modes
cf warfare, and possessed of great lightness of hand I* 6 I
think that the ruler of the Madras is in battle equal to Bhishma
cr Drona or Kama, or, perhaps, superior to them, 87 I do not, O
ruler of men, even upon reflection, find the warrior who may
be a match for Calya while engaged in fight ! 38 In battle, he is
superior in might to Cikhandin and Arjuna and Bhima and
Satyaki and Dhrishtadyumna, O Bharata ! 29 The king of the
Madras, O monarch, endued with the prowess of a lion or an
elephant, will career fearlessly in battle, like the Destroyer
himself in wrath amongst creatures at the time of the uni-
versal destruction. 80 I do not behold a match fur him in battle
save thee, O tiger among men, that art possessed of prowess
equal to that of a tiger ! S1 Save thee there is no other person
in either heaven or the whole of this world, who, O son of
Kuril's race, would be able to slay the ruler of the Madras
while excited with wrath in battle ! sa Day after day engaged
in fight, he agitates thy troops. For this, slay Calya in battle,
like Maghavat slaying Camvara. 53 Treated with honor by
Dhritarashtra's son, that hero is invincible in battle ! Upon
the fall of the ruler of the Madras in battle, thou art certain
to have victory ! Upon his slaughter, the vast Dhilrtarashtra
host will be slain ! 3 * Hearing, monarch, these words of mine
now, proceed, Partha, against that mighty car-warrior, viz.,
the ruler of the Madras ! 3J Slay that warrior, thou of mighty
arms, like Vasava slaying the Asura Namuchi ! There is no
need of showing any compassion here, thinking that this one is
thy maternal uncle ! Keeping the duties of a Kshatriya
before thee, slay the ruler of the Madras ! S6 Having crossed
the fathomless oceans represented by Bhishma and Drona and
Kama, do not sink, with thy followers, in the print of a cow's
hoof represented by Calya ! 37 Display in battle the whole of
thy ascetic power and thy Kshatriya energy ! Slay that car-
warrior ! 53 — Having said these words, Kecava, that slayer of
hostile heroes, proceeded to his tent in the evening, worshipped
by the Pandavas. 39 After Kecava had gone, king Yudhish-
thira the just, dismissing all his brothers and the Somakas,



JFarva.'J) Calya vauva, ZT

happily slept, that night, like an elephant from whose body the
darts have been plucked out. 40 All those great bowmen, viz.,
the Panchalas and the Pandavas, delighted in consequence of
the fall of Kama, slept that night happily.* 1 Its fever dispelled,
the army of the Pandavas, abounding with great bowmen and
mighty ear-warriors, having reached the shore as it were, be-
came very happy that night, in consequence of the victory, G
sire, it had won by the slaughter of Kama ! " 4a



Section VIII.

"Sanjaya said, — 'After that night had passed away, king
Duryodhana then, addressing all thy soldiers, said — Arm vc
mighty car-warriors !I — Hearing the command of the king, the
warriors began to put on their armour. Some began to vokc
their steeds to their cars quickly, others ran hither and thither."
The elephants began to be equipt. The foot-soldiers began to
arm. Others, numbering thousands, began to spread carpets
on the terraces of cars. 3 The noise of musical instruments, O
monarch, arose there, for enhancing the martial enthusiasm of
the soldiers.* Then all the troops, placed in their proper pests,
were seen, Bharata, to stand, clad in mail and resolved to-
make death their goal. 8 Having made the ruler of the Madras
their leader, the great car-warriors of tho Kauravas, distribu-
ting their troops, stood in divisions. 6 Then all thy warriors,
with Kripa and Kritavarman and Drona's son and Calya and
Suvala's son and the other kings that were yet alivo, met thy
son, and arrived at this understanding, viz., that none of them
would individually and alone fight with the Pandavas. 7 " 8 And
they said, — He amongst us that will fight alone and unsup-
ported with the Pandavas, or he that will abandon a comrade
engaged in fight, will be stained with the five grave sins
and all the minor sins! — And they said, — All of us, united
together, will fight with the foe ! D — Those great car- warriors,
having made such an understanding with one another, placed
the ruler of the Madras at their head and quickly proceeded
against their foes. 10 Similarly, all the Pandavas, having array-
ed their troops in great battle proceeded against the Kaur&vi



28 HAHAMHARAT1. [£«( '.<i bdd/ut

O king, fur fighting with them on every side." Soon, O chief
of the Bharatas, that host, whose noise resembled that of the
agitated ocean, and which seemed to be wonderful in conse-
quence of its cars and elephants, presented the aspect of the
vasty deep swelling with its surges !'"

• -DhritariUhtra said,— 'I have heard of the fall of Drona,
of Bhishma, and of the son of Radha ! Tell me now of the fall
of Calya and of my son I 13 How, indeed, O Sanjaya, was Calya
slain by king Yudhishthira the just ? And how was my son
Duryodhana slain by Bhimasena of great might ?' 14

•'Sanjaya said,— 'Hear, O king, with patience, of the des-
truction of human bodies and the loss of elephants and steeds,
us I describe (to thee) the battle ! ,J The hope became strong, O
kiiK', in the breasts of thy sons that, after Drona and Bhishma
and the Suta's son had been overthrown, Calya, sire, would
slay all the Parthas in battle ! 16 Cherishing that hope in his
heart, and drawing comfort from it, O Bharata, thy son Duryo-
dhana, relying in battle upon that mighty car-warrior, viz., the
ruler of tho Madras, regarded himself as possessed of a pro-
tector. 17 * When after Kama's fall the Parthas had uttered
leonine roars, a great fear, O king, had possessed the hearts of
the Dhartarashtras. 18 Assuring him duly, the valiant king of
the Madras, having formed, O monarch, a grand array whose
arrangments were auspicious in every respect, 19 proceeded
against the Parthas in battle. And the valiant king of the
Madras proceeded, shaking his beautiful and exceedingly strong
bow capable of imparting a great velocity to the shafts sped
from it. 20 And that mighty car-warrior was mounted upon
a foremost of vehicles having horses of the Sindhu breed yoked
unto it. Riding upon his car, his driver made the vehicle look
resplendent. 21 Protected by that car, that hero, that brave
crusher of foes, (viz., Calya), stood, O monarch, dispelling the
fears of thy sons. 22 In the advance (to battle), the king of
the Madras, clad in mail, proceeded at the head of the array,
accompanied by the brave Madrakas and the invincible sons of
Kama." On the left was Kritavarman, surrounded by the

* Both 10 and 17 arc triplets,— T,



ran a.] calya PASTA 20

Trigartas. On the right was Gautama (Ivripa) with the Cabas
and the Yavanas." In the rear was A<;watthfwnan surrounded
by the Kfunvojas. In the centre was Duryodhana, protected
by the foremost of Kuril warriors." Surrounded by a large
force of cavalry and other troops, Suvala's son. Cakuni, as also
the mighty car-warrior Uluka, proceeded with the others. 26
The mighty bowmen amongst the Pfmdavas, those chastisers
of foes, dividing themselves, monarch, into three bodies,
rushed against thy troops. 17 Dhrishtadyumna and Cikhandin
and the mighty car-warrior Satyaki proceeded with great speed
against the army of Calya. 28 Then king Yudhishthira, accom-
panied by his troops, rushed against Calya alone, from desire
of slaughtering him, bull of Bharata's race ! 29 Arjuna, that
slayer of large bands of foes, rushed with great speed against
that great bowman, viz., Kritavarman, and the Samsajitabis.*
Bhimasena and the great car-warriors among the Somakas rush-
ed, monarch, against Kripa, desirous of slaughtering their foes
in battle. 31 The two sons of Madri, accompanied by their
troops, proceeded against Cakuni and the great car-warrior
Uluka at the head of their forces." Similarly, thousands upon
thousands of warriors, of thy army, armed with diverse wea-
pons and filled with rage, proceeded against the Piindavas in
that battle.' 88

"Dhritarashtra said,— 'After the fall of the mighty bow-
men Bhishma and Drona and the great car- warrior Kama, and
after both the Kurus and the Pfmdavas had been reduced in
numbers, and when, indeed, the Parthas, possessed of great
prowess, became once more angry in battle, what, Sanjaya,
was the strength of each of the armies ?' ?4 - 8,

"Sanjaya said, — 'Hear, king, how we and the enemy both
stood for battle on that occasion, and what was then the
strength of the two armies ! 3S Eleven thousand cars, O bull
of Bharata's race, ten thousand and seven hundred elephants,"
and full two hundrod thousand horse, and three millions of
foot, composed the strength of thy army ! 3J Six thousand
cars, six thousand elephants, ten thousand horse, and one
million of foot, O Bharata, 33 were all that composed the rem-
nant of the Pandava force in that battle. These, bull of



30 MAHABHARATA. [Qalya-badfu*

Bharata's race, encountered each other for battle. 40 Having
distributed their forces in this way, O monarch, ourselves,
excited with wrath and inspired with desire of victory, pro-
ceeded against the Pandavas, having placed ourselves under
the command of the ruler of the Madras. 41 Similarly, the
brave Pandavas, those tigers among men, desirous of victory,
and the Panchalas possessed of great fame, came to battle. 4 *
Even thus, O monarch, all those tigers among men, desirous
of slaughtering their foes, encountered one another at dawn
of day, lord ! 43 Then commenced a fierce and terrible battle
between thy troops and the enemy, the combatants being all
engaged in striking and slaughtering one another.' " 44



Section IX.

'Sanjaya said,— 'Then commenced the battle between the
Kurus and the Srinjayas, O monarch, that was as fierce and
awful as, the battle between the gods and the Asuras. 1 Men,
and crowds of cars and elephants, and elephant-warriors and
horsemen by thousands, and steeds, all possessed of great prow-
ess, encountered one anothfr. 8 The loud noise of rushing
elephants of fearful forms was then heard there, resembling the
roars of the clouds in the welkin, in the season of rains. 8 Some
car-warriors, struck by elephants, were deprived of their cars.
Routed by those infuriate animals, other brave combatants
ran on the field. 4 Well-trained car-warriors, O Bharata, with
their shafts, despatched large bodies of cavalry and the foot-
m-m that urged and protected the elephants, to the other world. 5
Well-trained horsemen, O king, surrounding great car-warriors,
careered on the field, striking and slaying the latter with spears
and darts and swords. 4 Some combatants armed with bows,
encompassing great car-warriors, despatched them to Yamas
abode, the many unitedly battling against individual ones. 7
Other great car-warriors, encompassing elephants and foremost
warriors of their own class, slew some mighty one amongst
them that fought on the field, careering all around.** Simi-



* The Bombay reading, which I adopt, is Nvg&n Iial/uivardn &c— JL



Parva.] Calya parva, 31

larly, O king, elephants, encompassing individual car-war-
riors excited with wrath and scattering showers of shafts,
despatched them to the other world." Elephant-warrior rushing
against elephant-warrior, and car-warrior against car-warrior, in
that battle, slew each other with darts and lances and cloth-yard
shafts, O Bharata !'° Cars and elephants and horse, crushing
foot-soldiors in the midst of battle, were seen to make confusion
worse confounded. 11 Adorned with yak-tails, steeds rushed on
all sides, looking like the swans found on the plains at tho
foot of Himavat. They rushed with such speed that they
seemed ready to devour the very Earth." The field, monarch,
indented with the hoofs of those steeds, looked beautiful like a
beautiful woman bearing the marks of (her lover's) nails on her
person. 13 With the noise made by the tread of heroes, the
wheels of cars, the shouts of foot-soldiers, the grunts of ele-
phants, 14 the peal of drums and other musical instruments,
and the blare of conchs, the Earth began to resound as if with
deafening peals of thunder. 15 In consequence of twanging bows
and flashing sabres and the glaring armour of the combatants,
all became so confused there that nothing could be distinctly
marked. 18 Innumerable arms, lopped off from human bodies,
and looking like the tusks of elephants, jumped up and writhed
and moved furiously about. 17 The sound made, monarch, by
heads falling on the field of battle, resembled that made by the
falling fruits of palmyra trees. 18 Strewn with those fallen heads
that were crimson with blood, the Earth looked resplendent as
if adorned with gold-colored lotuses in their season. 19 Indeed,
with those lifeless heads with upturned eyes, that were ex-
ceedingly mangled (with shafts and other weapons), the field of
loattle, O king, looked resplendent as if strewn with full-blown
lotuses. 80 With tho fallen arms of the combatants, smeared
with sandal and adorned with costly Key was, the Earth looked
bright as if strewn with the gorgeous poles set up in Indra's
honor. 21 The field of battle became covered with the thighs
of kings, cut off in that battle and looking like the tapering
trunks of elephants." Teeming with hundreds of headless
trunks and strewn with umbrellas and yak-yails, that vast army
looked beautiful like a flowering forest. 88 Then, on the field of



32 mahabharata, [palybrbadhei

battle, O monarch, warriors careered fearlessly, their limbs
bathed in blood and, therefore, looking like flowering Kingu-
lcas. % * Elephants also, afflicted with arrows and lances, fell
down here and there like broken clouds dropped from the skies."
Elephant-divisions, O monarch, slaughtered by highsouled war-
riors, dispersed in all directions like wind- tossed clouds. 26 Those
elephants, looking like clouds, fell down on the Earth, like
mountains riven with thunder, lord, on the occasion of the
dissolution of the world at the end of the Tuga? 1 Heaps upon
heaps, looking like mountains, were seen, lying on the ground, of
fallen steeds with their ridors. 28 A river appeared on the field
of battle, flowing towards the other world. Blood formed its
waters, and cars its eddies. Standards formed its trees, and
■bones its pebbles. 23 The arms (of combatants) were its alli-
gators, bows its current, elephants its large rocks, and steeds
its smaller ones. Fat and marrow formed its mire, umbrellas
its swans, and maces its rafts. 30 Abounding with armour and
head-gears, banners constituted its beautiful trees. Teeming
with wheels that formed its swarms of Chakravakas, it was
covered with Trivenus and Dandas. 31 Inspiring the brave
with delight and enhancing the fears of the timid, that fierce
river set in, whose shores abounded with Kurus and Srin-
jayas. 32 Those brave warriors, with arms resembling spiked
bludgeons, by the aid of their vehicles and animals serving
the purposes of rafts and boats, crossed that awful river which
ran towards the region of the dead. 38 During the progress of
that battle, monarch, in which no consideration was showed
by any body for any one, and which, fraught with awful des-
truction of the four kinds of forces, therefore, resembled the
battle between the gods and the Asuras in days of old, 24
some among the combatants, scorcher of foes, loudly called
upon their kinsmen and friends. Some, called upon by crying
kinsmen, returned, afflicted with fear. 3 * During the progress
of that fierce and awful battle, Arjuna and Bhimasena stupi-
fied their foes. 36 That vast host of thine, O ruler of men,
thus slaughtered, swooned away on the field, like a woman
under the influence of liquor. 57 Having stupified that army,
Bhimasena and Dhananjaya blew their conchs and uttered



Perot] Calya tarva,

leonine roars." 3 A^ soon as they heard that loud peal, Dhri. -h«
tadyumna and Cikhandin, placing king Yudhiahthira at their
head, rushed against the ruler of the Madras. 5 ' Exceedingly
wonderful and terrible, monarch, was the manner in which
those heroes, unitedly and in separate bodies, then fought with
Cilya. 40 The two sons of Mairi, endued with grcnt activity,
accomplished in weapons, and invincible in buttle, proceeded
with great speed against thy host, inspired with desire of
victory.* 41 Then thy army, O bull of Bharata's race, mangled
in diverse ways with shafts by the Pfmdavas eager for victory,
began to fly away from the field.* 2 That host, thus struck and
broken by firm bowmen, O monarch, fled away on all sides in
the very sight of thy sons. 43 Loud cries of Ok and Alas,
Bharata, arose from among thy warriors, while some illus-
trious Kshatriyas among the routed combatants, desirous of
victory, cried out, saying, — stop, sto}} /** — For all that, those
troops of thine, broken by the Panda vas, fled away, deserting
on the field their dear sons and brothers and maternal uncles
and sisters' sons and relatives by marriage and other kinsmen. 4 *
Urging their steeds and elephants to greater speed, thousands
of warriors fled away, bull of Bharata's race, bent only up m
their own safety !' " 4 *



Section X.



"Sanjaya slid — 'Beholding the army broken, the valiant
kino of the Madras addressed his driver, saying,— Quickly urge
these steeds endued with the fleetness of thought P Yonder
stays king Yudhishthira the son of Pandu, looking resplendent
with the umbrella held over his head. 9 Take me thither with
speed. O driver, and witness my might ! The Piirthas are un-
able to stand before me in battle S'— Thus addressed, the driver
of the Madra king proceeded to that spot where stood king
Yudhishthira the just of true aim. 4 Calya fell suddenly upon
the mighty host of the Pfmdavas. Alone, he |checked it like
the continent cheeking the surging sea.' Indeed, the hi e
force of the Pandavas coming again t Calya sire si .1



if! mahabitaiuta. [galya-badha

Still in that battle, like the rushing sea upon encountering a
mountain. 6 Beholding the ruler of the Madras standing for
battle on the field, the Kauravas returned, making death their
goal. 7 After they had returned, O king, and separately taken
up their positions in well-formed array, an awful battle set in,
in which blood flowed freely like water.

" 'The invincible Nakula encountered Chitrasena. 8 These
two heroes, both of whom were excellent bowmen, approach-
ing, drenched each other with showers of arrows in that battle,
like two pouring clouds risen in the welkin on the south and
the north. I could not mark any difference between the son of



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