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Pandu and his antagonist. 5 " 10 Both of them were accomplished
in weapons, both endued with might, and both conversant with
the practices of car- warriors. Each bent upon slaying the
•other, they carefully looked for each other's laches} 1 Then
Chitrasena, O monarch, with a broad-headed shaft, well-tem-
pered and sharp, cut off Nakula's bow at the handle. 1 * Fear-
lessly then the son of Kama struck the bowless Nakula at the
forehead with three shafts eqaiipt with wings of gold and
whetted on stone. 13 With a few other keen arrows he then
despatched Nakula's steeds to Yama's abode. Next, he felled
both the standard and the driver of his antagonist, each with
three arrows. 1 * With those three arrows sped from the arms of
his foe sticking to his forehead, Nakula, O king, looked beauti-
ful like a mountain with three crests. 1 * Deprived of his bow
and his car, the brave Nakula, taking up a sword, jumped down
from his vehicle like a lion from a mountain summit. 16 As,
however, he rushed on foot, his antagonist poured a shower of
arrows upon him. Possessed of active prowess, Nakula received
that arrowy shower on his shield. 17 Getting at the car then of
Chitrasena, the mighty -armed hero, viz., the son of Pfindii,
conversant with all modes of warfare and incapable of being
tired with exertion, ascended it in the very sight of all the
troops. 18 The son of Pandu then cut off from Chitrasena's
trunk his diadem decked head adorned with ear-rings, and
graced with a beautiful nose and a pair of large eyes. At this,
Chitrasena, endued with the splendour of the Sun, fell down on
t'h? tsrraoe of his car. 19 Beholding Chitrasena slain, all the

JfarvA.] CALYA PAEVA. :";.

great car-warriors there uttered loud cries of praise and many
leonine roars. 20 Meanwhile the two sons of Kama, viz., Sushena
and Satyasena, both of whom were great car-warriors, behold-
ing their brother slain, shot showers of keen shafts. 21 Those
foremost of car-warriors rushed with speed against the son of
Pandu like a couple of tigers, king, in the deep forest rushing
against an elephant from desire of slaying him. 22 B ith of then*
pjurcd their keen shafts upon the mighty car-warrior Nakula.
Indeed, as they poured those shafts, they resembled two masses
of clouds pouring rain in torrents. 23 Though pierced with arrows
all over, the valiant and heroic son of Pandu cheerfully took
up another bow after ascending another car, and stood in battle
like the Destroyer himself in rage. 24 Then those two brothers,
O monarch, with their straight shafts, cut off Nakula's car
into fragments. 88 Then Nakula, laughing, smote the four
steeds of Satyasena with four whetted and keen shafts in that
encounter. 2 * Aiming a long shaft equipt with wings of gold,
the son of Pandu then cut off, monarch, the bow of Satya-
sena. 27 At this the latter, mounting on another car and taking
up another bow, as also his brother Sushena, rushed against the
son of Pandu. 28 The valiant son of Madri fearlessly pierced
ca^h of them, O monarch, with a couple of shafts at the van
of battle. 29 Then the mighty car-warrior Sushena, filled with
wrath, cut off in that battle, laughing the while, the formi-
dable bow of Pandu's son with a razor-headed arrow. 50 Then
Nakula, insensate with rage, took up another bow and pierced
Sushena with five arrows and struck his standard with one. 51
Without losing a moment, lie then cut off the bow and the
leathern fence of Satyasena also, O sire, at which all the troops
there uttered a loud shout. 32 Satyasena, taking up another
foe-slaying bow that was capable of bearing a great strain,
shrouded the son of Pandu with arrows from every side. 8 *
Baffling those arrows, Nakula, that slayer of hostile heroes,
pierced each of his antagonists with a couple of shafts. 84 Each
of the latter separately pierced the son of Pandu in return with
many straight-coursing shafts. Next they pierced Nakula's
driver also with many keen shafts. 5 * The valiant Satyasena
then, endued with great lightness of hand, cut off without

So MAHAEHAR.YTA. [£dlya-badhd

his brother'- help, the shafts of Nakula's car and his bow with
a couple of arrows. 8 * The Atiratha Nakula, however, staying
on his car, took up a dart cquipt with a golden handle and a
very keen point, and steeped in oil and exceedingly bright. 87
It resembled, lord, a she-snake of virulent poison, frequent-
ly darting out her tongue. Raising that weapon he hurled it
at Satyasena in that encounter.* 8 That dart, king, pierced
the heart of Satyasena in that battle and reduced it into
a hundred fragments. Deprived of his senses and life, ho
fell down upon the Earth from his car. 89 Beholding his
brother slain, Sushena, insensate with rage, suddenly made
Nakula earless in that battle. Without losing a moment, he
poured his arrows over the son of Pandu fighting on foot. 40
Seeing Nakula earless, the mighty car-warrior Sutasoma, the
son of Draupadi, rushed to that spot for rescuing his sire in
battle. 41 * Mounting then upon the car of Sutasoma, Nakula,
that hero of Bharata's race, looked beautiful like a lion upon
a mountain. Then taking up another bow, he fought with
Sushena. 42 Those two great car-warriors, approaching each
other, and shooting showers of arrows, endeavoured to compass
each other's destruction. 43 Then Sushena, filled with rage,
struck the son of Pandu with three shafts and Sutasoma with
twenty in the arms and the chest. 44 At this the impetuous
Nakula, monarch, that slayer of hostile heroes, covered all
the points of the compass with arrows. 48 Then taking up a
sharp shaft endued with great energy and equip* with a semi-
circular head, Nakula sped it with great force at Kama's son
in that battle. 46 With that arrow, O best of kings, the son of
Pandu cutoff from Sushena's trunk the latter's head in the
very sight of all the troops. That feat seemed exceedingly
wonderful. 47 Thus slain by the illustrious Nakula, Kama's
son fell down like a lofty tree on the bank of a river
thrown down by the current of the stream. 48 Beholding the
slaughter of Karmi's sons and the prowess of Nakula, thy
army, O bull of Bharata's race, fled away in fcar. 4D Their
commander, however, viz., the brave and valiant ruler of the

i ■■■ r. -i ■... ■ ■ . - ■■■■ i n ■■-. — ■ ■■■■■■!■ ■■■■- » ! ■

* The L'jmb;iv edition reads Muh&ratham fur MukdnUhas.—T*

Parva.] Calya PARVA, 37

Madras, that ehastisor of foes, then protected, O monarch, those
troops in that battle.' Rallying his host, king, Calya stood
fearlessly in battle, uttering loud leonine roars and causing his
bow to twang fiercely.' 1 Then thy troop", king, protected
in battle by that firm bowman, cheerfully proceeded against
the foe once more from every side. 68 Those high-soulcd war-
riors, surrounding that groat bowman, viz., the ruler of the
Madras, stood, O king, desirous of battling on every side. 88
Then Satyaki, and Bhimasena, and those two Pandavas, viz.,
the twin sons of Mildri, placing that chastiser of foes and abode
of modesty, viz., Yudhishthira, at their head, 5 * and surround-
ing him on all sides in that battle, uttered leonine roars. And
those heroes also caused a loud whizz with the arrows they
shot and frequently indulged in diverse kinds of shouts. 65
Smilingly, all thy warriors, filled with rage, speedily encompass-
ed the ruler of the Madras and stood from desire of battle. 56
Then commenced a battle, inspiring the timid with fear, be-
tween thy soldiers and the enemy, both of whom made death
their goal. 57 That battle between fearless combatants, enhan-
cing the population of Yama's kingdom, resembled, monarch,
that between the gods and the Asuras in days of yore. 54
Then the ape-bannered son of Panda, O king, having slaugh-
tered the Samsaptakas in battle, rushed against that portion
of the Kaurava army. 50 Smiling, all the Pandavas, headed
by Dhrishtadyumna, rushed against the same division, shoot-
ing showers of keen arrows. 60 Overwhelmed by the Pandavas,
the Kaurava host became stupilied. Indeed, those divisions
then could not discern the cardinal from the subsidiary points
of the compass. 61 Covered with keen arrows sped by the
Pandavas, the Kaurava army, deprived of its foremost war-
riors, wavered and broke on all sides. Indeed, O Kauravya,
that host of thine began to be slaughtered by the mighty
car-warriors of the Pandavas. 62 Similarly, the Pandava host,
O kincr, be^an to be slaughtered in hundreds and thousands in
that battle by thy sons on every side with their arrows.' 1
While the two armies, exceedingly excited, were thus slaugh-
tering each other, they became much agitated like two streams
in the season of rains. 64 During the progress of that dreadful

38 MAH'ABHARATA, [frdya UtuUut

battle, monarch, a great fear entered the hearts of thy war-
riors as also those of the Pandavas.' " 6S

Section XI.

" Sanjaya said, — When the troops, slaughtered by one
another, were thus agitated, when many of the warriors fled
away and the elephants began to utter loud cries, 1 when the
foot-soldiers in that dreadful battle began to shout and wail
aloud, when the steeds, O king, ran in diverse directions,"
when the carnage became awful, when a terrible destruction set
in of all embodied creatures, when weapons of various kinds fell
or clashed with one another, when cars and elephants began
to be mingled together, 5 — on that occasion when heroes felt
great delight and cowards felt their fears enhanced —when com-
batants encountered one another from desire of slaughter, 4 — on
that awful occasion of the destruction of life, — during the pro-
gress of that dreadful sport, that is, of that awful battle that
enhanced the population of Yama's kingdom, 5 — the Pandavas
slaughtered thy troops with keen shafts, and, after the same
manner, thy troops slew those of the Pandavas. 6 During the
that battle inspiring the timid with terror,— indeed, during the
progress of the battle as it was fought on that morning about
the hour of sunrise, 7 — the Pandava heroes of good aim, protected
by the highsouled Yudhishthira, fought with thy forces, mak-
ing death itself their goal. 8 The Kuru army, thou of the race
of Kuril, encountering the proud Pandavas endued with great
strength, skilled in smiting, and possessed of sureness of aim,
became weakened and agitated like a herd of she-deer frighten-
ed at a forest-conflagration. 9 Beholding that army weakened
and helpless like a cow sunk in a mire, Calya, desirous of
rescuing it, proceeded against the Pandava army. 10 Filled with
rage, the ruler of the Madras, taking up an excellent bow, rush-
ed for battle against the Pandava foes." The Pandavas also,
O monarch, in that encounter, inspired with desire of victory,
proceoded against the ruler of the Madras and pierced him with
keen shafts. 13 Then the ruler of the Madras, possessed of great
strength, afflicted that host with showers of keen arrows in

rarva.] CALYA i-auva, 39

the very sight of king Yudhishthira the jus*.' 8 At that time
diverse portents appeared to the view. The Earth herself, with
her mountains, trembled, making a loud noise. 14 Meteors,
with keen points bright as those of lances equipt with handles,
piercing the air, fell upon the Enrth from the firmament."
Deer and buffaloes and birds, O monarch, in large numbers,
placed thy army to their right, () king!"* The planets
Venus and Mars, in conjunction with Mercury, appeared
at the rear of the Piindavas and to the front of all the
(Kaurava) lords of Earth." Blazing flames seemed to issue
from the points of weapons, dazzling the eyes (of the warriors).
Crows and owls in large numbers perched upon the heads of
the combatants and on the tops of their standards. 13 Then
a fierce battle took place between the Kaurava and the
Pandava combatants assembled together in large bodies. 13
Then, O king, the Kauravas, mustering all their divisions,
rushed against the Pandava army. 20 Of soul incapable of
being depressed, Calya then poured dense showers of arrows
on Yudhishthira the son of Kunti like the thousand-eyed Indra
pouring rain in torrents. 81 Possessed of great strength, he
pierced Bhimasena, and the five sons of Draupadi, and the two
sons of Madri by Pandu, and Dhrishtadyumna, and the grand-
son of Cini, and Cikhandin also, each with ten arrows equipt
with wings of gold and whetted on stone. 82 " 88 Indeed, he
began to pour his arrows like Maghavat pouring rain at the
close of the summer season. 8 * Then the Prabhadrakas, king,
and the Somakas, were seen felled or falling by thousands, in
consequence of Calya's arrows. 21 Multitudinous as swarms of
bees or flights uf locusts, the shafts of Calya were seen to fall
like thunder-bolts from the clouds. 86 Elephants and steeds and
foot-soldiers and car-warriors, afflicted with Calya's arrows, feH
down or wandered or uttered loud wails." Infuriate with rago
and prowess, the ruler of the Madras shrouded his foes in that
battle like the Destroyer at the end of the Yuga.'f The mighty

* J. c , these animals were seen to pass along the left of the Km n
army, portending a great slaughter ami defeat. — T.
t Literally, Hike the Destroyer let loose by Time'.— T.

M MAHABHARATA, [galya-badha,

ruler of the Madras began to roar, aloud like the clouds. 28 The
Paudava army, thus slaughtered by Calya, ran towards
Yudhishthira the son of Kunti (for protection)." Possessed of
great lightness of hand, Calya, having in that battle crushed
them with whetted arrows, began to afflict Yudhishthira with
a dense shower of shafts. 30 Beholding Calya impetuously
rushing towards him with horse and foot, king Yudhishthira,
filled with wrath, checked him Avith keen shafts, even as an
infuriate elephant is checked with iron-hooks. 81 Then Calya
sped a terrible arrow at Yudhishthira that resembled a snake
of virulent poison. Piercing through the high-souled son of
Kunti, that arrow quickly fell down upon the Earth." 2 Then
Vrikodara, filled with wrath, pierced Calya with seven arrows,
and Sahadeva pierced him with five, and Nakula with ten. 28
The (five) sons of Draupadi poured upon that foe-slaying
hero, viz., the impetuous Artayani, showers of arrows like a
mass of clouds pouring rain upon a mountain. 34 Beholding
Calya struck by the Parthas on every side, both Kritavarman
and Kripa rushed in wrath towards that spot. ss Uluka also of
mighty energy, and Cakuni the son of Suvala, and the mighty
car-warrior Acwatthaman with smiles on his lips, and all thy
sons, protected Calya by every means in that battle. 86 Pierc-
ing Bhimasena with three arrows, Kritavarman, shooting a
dense shower of shafts, checked that warrior who then seemed
to be the embodiment of wrath. 37 Excited with rage, Kripa
struck Dhrishtadyumna with many arrows. Cakuni proceeded
against the sons Draupadi, and Acwatthaman against the
twins. 88 That foremost of warriors, viz., Duryodhana, possessed
of fierce energy, proceeded, in that battle, against Kecava and
Arjuna, and endued with might, he struck them both with many
arrows. 39 Thus hundreds of combats, O monarch, that were
fierce and beautiful, took place between thine and the enemy, on
diverse parts of the field. 40 The chief of the Bhojas then slew
the brown steeds of Bhimasena's car in that encounter. The
steedless son of Pandu, alighting from his car, began to fight
with his mace, like the Destroyer himself with his uplifted blud-
geon. 41 The ruler of the Madras then slew the steeds of Sahadeva
before his eyes, Then Sahadeva slew Calya's son with his sword. 4 *


The preceptor Gautama once more fearlessly fought with
Dhrishtadyumna, both exerting themselves with great care. 48
The preceptor's son Acwatthiiman, without much wrath and as
if smiling in that battle, pierced each of the five heroic sons of
Draupadi with ten arrows. 4 * Once more the steeds of Bhima-
sena were slain in that battle. The steedlcss son of Pandu,
quickly alighting from his car, 41 took up his mace like the
Destroyer his bludgeon. Excited with wrath, that mighty hero
crushed the steeds and the car of Kritavarman. Jumping down
from his vehicle, Kritavarman then fled away. 4 * Calya also,
excited with rage, O king, slaughtered many Somakas and
Pandavas, and once more afflicted Yudhishthira with many
keen shafts. 47 Then the valiant Bhima, biting his nether lip,
and infuriate with rage, took up his mace in that battle, and
aimed it at Calya for the latter's destruction. 48 Resembling the
very bludgeon of Yama, impending (upon the head of the foe)
like the death-night, exceedingly destructive of the lives of
elephants and steeds and human beings, 4D twined round with
cloth of gold, looking like a blazing meteor, equipt with a sling,
fierce as a she-snake, hard as thunder, and made wholly of
iron," smeared with sandal-paste and other unguents like a
desirable lady, smutted with marrow and fat and blood, resembl-
ing the very tongue of Yama, si producing shrill sounds in
consequence of the bells attached to it, like unto the thunder of
Indra, resembling in shape a snake of virulent poison just freed
fr >m its slough, drenched with the juicy seretions of ele-
phants,' 1 inspiring hostile troops with terror and friendly troop.4
with joy, celebrated in the world of men, and capable of riving
mountain summits," that mace, with which the mighty son of
Kunti had in Kailasa challenged the enraged Lord of Alaka,
the friend of Mahecwara, 54 * — that weapon with which Bhima,
though resisted by many, had in wrath slain a large number of
proud Guhyakas endued with powers of illusion on the brcasU
of Gandhamadaua for the sake of procuring Mandara flowers
for doing what was agreeable to Draupadi," — uplifting th<it

* I. ft, Ivuvera, Alaka beiu^' the capital or ubode of the king of
the Quhyakw or Yakthat.—T.

42 3IAHABHARATA. [£alya-badha

mice which was rich with diamonds and jewels and gems and
possessed of eight sides and celebrated as Indra's thunder, —
the mighty-armed son of Pandu now rushed against Calya. 86
With that mace of awful sound, Bhima, skilled in battle, crushed
the four steeds of Calya that were possessed of great fleet-
ness." Then the heroic Calya, excited with wrath in that
battle, hurled a lance at the broad chest of Bhima and uttered a
loud shout. That lance, piercing through the armour of Pandu's
son, penetrated into his body.* 8 Vrikodara, however, fearlessly
plucking out the weapon, pierced therewith the driver of Calya
in the chest. 69 His vitals pierced, the driver, vomiting blood,
fell down with agitated heart. At this the ruler of the Madras
came down from his car and cheerlessly gazed at Bhima. 60
Beholding his own feat thus counteracted, Calya became filled
with wonder. Of tranquil soul, the ruler of the Madras took
up his mace and began to cast his glances upon his foe. 6 '
Baholding that terrible feat of his in battle, the Parthas, with
•cheerful hearts, worshipped Bhima who was incapable of being
tired with exertion.' " 6a

Section XII.

'Sanjaya said,— 'Seeing his driver fallen, Calya, O kingv
quickly took up his mace made wholly of iron and stood immov-
able as a hill. 1 Bhima, however, armed with his mighty mace,
rushed impetuously towards Calya who then looked like the
blazing Yuga fire, or the Destroyer armed Avith the noose, or
the Kailasa mountain with its formidable crest, or Vasava with
his thunder, or Mahadeva with his trident, or an infuriate
elephant in the forest. 4 " 3 At that time the blare of thousands
of conchs and trumpets and loud leonine roars arose there,
enhancing the delight of heroes. 4 The combatants of both
armies, looking at those two foremost of warriors from every
side, applauded them both, saying,— Excellent, Excellent ! s
Save the ruler of the Madras, or Rama, that delighter of the
Yadus, there is none else that can venture to endure the im-
petuosity of Bhima in battle ! 6 Similarly, save Bhima, there
is no other warrior that can venture to endure the force of the

farva.] f ai.ya vawu. &>

mace of tho illustrious king of the Madras in buttle ! 7 — Tin i
two combatants then, viz., Vrikodara and the ruicr of tho
Madras, roaring like bulls, careered in circles, frequently jump-
ing up in the air. 8 In that encounter between those two lions
among men, no difference could be noticed between them eithei
in respect of their careering in circles or of their wielding
the mace. 3 The mace of Calya, wrapped round with a resplen-
dent cloth of gold that looked like a sheet of fire, inspired tho
spectators with dread. 10 Similarly, the mace of the high-souled
Bhima, as the latter careered in circles, looked like lightning in
the midst of the clouds." Struck by the ruler of the Madras
with his mace, the mace of Bhima, king, produced sparks
of fire in the welkin which thereupon seemed to be ablaze.
Similarly, struck by Bhima with his mace, the mace of Calya
produced a shower of blazing coals which seemed exceedingly
wonderful. 13 Like two gigantic elephants striking each other
with their tusks, or two huge bulls striking each other with their
horns, those two heroes began to strike each other with their
foremost of maces, like a couple of combatants striking each
other with iron-bound clubs. 14 f Their limbs being struck with
each other's mace, they soon became bathed in blood and
looked handsomer in consequence like two flowering Kincu,-
fcos. 1 * Struck by the ruler of the Madras on both his left and
ri"ht, the mighty-armed Bhimasena stood immovable like a
mountain. 18 Similarly, though struck repeatedly with the force
of Bhima's mace, Calya, king, moved not, like a mountain
assailed by an elephant with his tusks. 17 The noise made by
the blows of the maces of those two lions among men was heard
on all sides like successive peals of thunder. 18 Having ceased for
a moment, those two warriors of great energy once more began,
with uplifted maces, to career in closer circles. 18 Once more the
clash took place between those two warriors of superhuman
feats, each having advanced towards the other but eight stops,
and each assailing the other with his uplifted iron club. 20 Then,

* The correct reading, as in the Bombay edition, is dahyaman

1 Totrcu were clubs with heads of irou,— T.

*4 MahabharaTA, [palya-hadha

wishing to get at each other, they once more careered in circles.
Both accomplished (in the use of the mace) they began to
display their superiority of skill. 21 Uplifting their terrible wea-
pons, they then again struck each other like mountains striking
each other with their crests at the time of an earthquake. 22
Exceedingly crushed with each other's mace in consequence
of each other's strength, both those heroes fell down at the
same time like a couple of poles set up for Indra's worship. 28
The brave combatants then of both armies, at that sight,
uttered cries of Oh and Alas. Struck with great force in their
vital limbs, both of them had become exceedingly agitated. 24
Then the mighty Kripa, taking up Calya, that bull among
the Madras, on his own car, quickly bore him away from the
field of battle. 25 Within, however, the twinkling of an eye,
Bhimasena, rising up, and still reeling as if drunk, challenged,
with uplifted mace, the ruler of the Madras. 28 Then the heroic
warriors of thy army, armed with diverse Aveapons, fought
with the Pandavas. causing diverse musical instruments to be
blown and beat. 27 With uplifted arms and weapons, and mak-
ing a loud noise, monarch, thy warriors headed by Duryo-
dhana rushed against the Pandavas. 28 Beholding the Kaurava
host, the sons of Pandu, with leonine roars, rushed against
those warriors headed by Duryodhana. 29 Then thy son, bull
of Bharata's race, singling out Chekitana amongst those rush-
ing heroes, pierced him deeply with a lance in the chest. 30 Thus
assailed by thy son, Chekitana fell down on the terrace of his
car, covered with blood, and overcome with a deep swoon. 31
Beholding Chekitana slain, the great car-warriors among the
Pandavas incessantly poured their arrowy showers (upon the
Kauravas). 32 Indeed, the Pandavas, inspired with desire of
victory, O monarch, careered beautifully on all sides amonst
thy divisions. 88 Kripa, and Kritavarman, and the mighty son
of Suvala, placing the ruler of the Madras before them, fought
with king Yudhishthira the just. S4 Duryodhana, O monarch,
fought with Dhrishtadyumna, the slayer of Bharadwaja's son,
that hero endued with abundant energy and prowess. 88 Three
thousand cars, O king, despatched by thy son and headed

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