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exceedingly awful like that which takes place between a number
of roaring lions. 8 * The struggle, monarch, that took place
between them resembled that which takes place between a
number of roaring lions fighting with each other for meat."
With the dense showers'of shafts shot by thorn, the Earth be-
came entirely enveloped, and the welki:: also suddenly became
one mass of arrows." All around the field a darkness was
caused by those arrows. Indeed, with the bhafts shot by these
illustrious warriors, a shadow as that of the clouds was can: d
there." Then, king, with those blazing shafts sped by the.



5ti mauabharata. [<palya-badha

warriors, (.hat were equipt with wings of gold and that, looked
like snakes just freed from their sloughs, the points of the com-
pass seemed to be ablaze. 88 That slayer of foes, viz., Calya,
then achieved the most wonderful feat, since that hero, alone,
and unsupported, contended with many arrows in that battle. 39
The Earth became shrouded with the fierce shafts, equipt with
feathers of Kankas and peacocks, that fell, sped from the arms
of the ruler of the Madras. 40 Then, king, we beheld the
car of Calya careering in that dreadful battle like the car of
Cakra in days of yore on the occasion of the destruction of
the Asvuras.' " 4I



Section XVI.

"Sanjaya said,— 'Then, O lord, thy troops, with Calya at
their head, once more rushed against the Parthas in that battle
with great impetuosity. 1 Although afflicted, still those troops
of thine, who were fierce in battle, rushing against the Parthas,
very soon agitated them in consequence of their superior
numbers. 2 Struck by the Kurus, the Pandava troops, in the
very sight of the two Krishna's, stayed not on the field, though
sought to be checked by Bhimasena. 8 Filled with rage at
this, Dhananjaya covered Kripa and his followers, as also
Kritavarman, with showers of shafts.* Sahadeva checked
Cakuni with all his forces. Nakdla cast his glances on the
ruler of the Madras from one of his flanks. 5 The (five) sons of
Draupadi checked numerous kings (of the Kuru army). The
Panchala prince Cikhandin resisted the son of Drona. 6 Armed
with his mace, Bhimasena held the king in check. Kunti's son
Yudhishthira resisted Calya at the head of his forces. 7 The
battle then commenced once more between those pairs as they
stood, among thy warriors and those of the enemy, none of
whom had ever retreated from fight. 8 We then beheld the highly
wonderful feat that Calya, achieved, since, alone, he fought with
the whole Pandava army I 9 Calya then, as he stayed in the
vicinity of Yudhishthira in that battle, looked like the planet
Saturn in the vicinity, of the Moon. 10 .. Afflicting the king



Parva.] calya parva, 57

with shafts that resembled snakes of virulent poison, Calya
rushed against Bhima, covering him with showers of arrows. 11
Beholding that lightness of hand and that mastery over weap-
ons displayed by Calya, the troops of both the armies applauded
him highly. 1 * Afflicted by Calya, the Pandavas, exceedingly
mangled, tied away, leaving the battle, and disregarding tho
cries of Yudhishthira commanding them to stop. 18 While his
troops were thus being slaughtered by the ruler of the Madras,
Pandu's son, king Yudhishthira the just, became filled with
rage. 14 Relying upon his prowess, that mighty car-warrior began
to afflict the ruler of the Madras, resolved to either win the
battle or meet with death. 1 * Summoning all his br. thers and
also Krishna of Madhu's race, he said unto them, — Bhishma,
and Drona, and Kama, and the other kings, 16 that put forth
their prowess for the sake of the Kauravas, have all perished
in battle ! Ye all have exerted your valour according to your
courage and in respe 3 1 of the shares allotted to you! 17 Only
one share, viz., mine, that is constituted by the mighty car-
warrior Calya, remains. I desire to vanquish that ruler of the
Madras today in battle ! Whatever wishes I have regarding the
accomplishment of that task I will now tell you ! 1S These two
heroes, viz., the two sons of Madravati, will become the pro-
tect jrs of my wheels. They are c mnted as heroes incapable of
being vanquished by Vasava himself ! 19 Keeping the duties of
a Kshatriya before them, these two that are deserving of every
honor and are firm in their vows, will fight with their mater-
nal uncle. 80 Either Calya will slay me in battle or I will slay
him. Blessed be ye ! Listen to these true words, ye foremost
of heroes in the world ! 8t Observant of Kshatriya duties, I will
fight with my maternal uncle, ye lords of Earth, firmly resolved
to either obtain victory or be slain !"■ Let them that furnish
cars quickly supply my vehicle, according to the rules of
science, with weapons and all kinds of implements in a larger
measure than Calya's." The grandson of Cini will protect
my right wheel, and Dhrishtadyumna my left. Let Prithaa
son Dhananjaya guard my roar today. 8 * And let Bhima, that
foremost of all wielders of weapons, fight in my front. I shall
thus be superior to Calya in the great battle that will occur '.**



mahabhahata. [Qalya-hadha,

—Thus addressed by the king, all his well-wishers did as they
-were requested. 26 Then the Pandava troops once more became
filled with joy, especially the Panchalas, the Somakas, and
the Matsyas.*' Having made that vow, the king proceeded
against the ruler of the Madras. The Panchalas then blew and
beat innumerable conchs ai>d drums and uttered leonine roars. 28
Endued with great activity and filled with rage, they rushed,
with loud shouts of joy, against the ruler of the Madras, that
bull among the Kurus. 29 * And they caused the Earth to re-
sound with the noise of the elephants' bells, and the loud blare
of conchs and trumpets. 80 Then thy son and the valiant
ruler of the Madras, like the Udaya and the Asta hills, re-
ceived those assailants. 31 Boasting of his prowess in battle,
Calya poured a shower of arrows on that chastiser of foes,
viz. kinc Yudhishthira the just, like Maghavat pouring rain."
The high-souled king of the Kurus also, having taken up
his beautiful bow, displayed those diverse kinds of lessons
that Drona had taught him. 33 And he poured successive
showers of arrows beautifully, quickly, and with great skill.
As he careered in battle, none could mark any laches in him. 34
Calya and Yudhishthira, both endued with great prowess
in battle, mangled each other, like a couple of tigers fight-
ing for a piece of meat.* 5 Bhima was engaged with thy son,
that delighter in battle. The Panchala prince (Dhrishta-
dyumna), and Satyaki, and the two sons of Madri by Pandu,
received Cakuni and the other Kuru heroes around. 36 In
consequence of thy evil policy, king, there again occurred in
that spot an awful battle between thy warriors and those
of the foe, all of whom were inspired with the desire of
victory. 87 Duryodhana then, with a straight shaft, aiming at
the o-old-decked standard of Bhima, cut it off in that battle. 38
The beautiful standard of Bhimasena, adorned with many
bells, fell down, giver of honors ! S9 Once more the king,
with a sharp razor-faced arrow, cut off the beautiful bow of



* The reading Kurupungavas is incorrect. It should be in the
accusative form. Then again, I read, following the Bengal texts,
turasa-lnas and not farwrinm as in the Bombay edition.— T.



Tarva.1 CAEYA tarva.

Bhima that looked like the trunk of an elephant. 40 Endued
with great energy, the bowloss Bhima then, putting forth his
prowess, pierced the chest of thy son with a dart. At this,
thy son sat down on the terrace of his car. 41 When Duryo-
dhana swooned away, Vrikodara once more, with a ra/.or-
faced shaft, cut off the head of his driver from his trunk. 1 *
The steeds of Durvodhana's car, deprived of their driver, ran
wildly on all sides, O Bharata, dragging the car after them,
at which loud wails arose (in the Kuru army). 43 Then the
mighty car-warrior Aewatthiiman, and Kripa, and Kritavar-
man, followed that car, desirous of rescuing thy son. 44 The
(Kaurava) troops (at sight of this) became exceedingly agitated.
The followers of Duryodhana became terrified. At that time,
the wieldcr of Gandiva, drawing his bow, began to slay them
with his arrows. 45 Then Yudhishthira, excited with rage,
rushed against the ruler of the Madras, himself urging his steeds
white as ivory and fleet as thought. 46 We then saw something
that was wonderful in Yudhishthira, the son of Kunti, fur
though very mild and soft before, he then became exceedingly
fierce. 47 With eyes opened wide and body trembling in rage,
the son of Kunti cut off hostile warriors in hundreds and thou-
sands by means of his sharp shafts. 48 Those amongst the
soldiers against whom the eldest Pandava proceeded, were
overthrown by him, king, like mountain summits riven with
thunder. 43 Felling cars with steeds and drivers and standards
and throwing down car-warriors in large numbers, Yudhish-
thira, without any assistance, began to sport there like a mighty
wind destroying masses of clouds. 60 Filled with rage, he des-
troyed steeds with riders and steeds without riders and foot-
soldiers by thousands in that battle, like Rudra destroying
living creatures (at the time of the universal dissolution)."
Having made the field empty by shooting his shafts on all
sides, Yudhishthira rushed against the ruler of the Madia.
and said,— Wait, Wait ! 5 *— Beholding the feats then of fel
hero of terrible deeds, all thy warriors became inspired with
fear. Calya, however, proceeded against him." Both of them
filled with rage, both blew their conchs. Returning and cha-
llenging each other, each then encountered the other." Tfc



60 mahabharata. [gdlya-badha

Calya covered Yudhishthira with showers of arrows. Similarly,
the son of Kunti covered the ruler of the Madras with shower3
of arrows." Then those two heroes, viz., the ruler of the
Madras and Yudhishthira, mangled in that battle with each
other's arrows and bathed in blood, looked 58 beautiful like a
£dlmali and a Kincuka tree decked with flowers. Both
possessed of splendour and both invincible in battle, those
two illustrious warriors uttered loud roars. 67 Beholding them
both, the soldiers could not conclude which of them would
be victorious. Whether the son of Pritha would enjoy the
Earth, having slain the ruler of the Madras, or, Calya, having
slain the son of Pandu, would bestow the Earth on Duryo-
dhana, 68 could not be ascertained, O Bharata, by the warriors
present there. King Yudhishthira, in course of that battle,
placed his foes to his right.' 9 Then Calya shot a hundred
foremost of arrows at Yudhishthira. With another arrow of
great sharpness, he cut off the latter's bow. 60 Taking up ano-
ther bow, Yudhishthira pierced Calya with three hundred
shafts and cut off the latter's bow with a razor-faced arrow. 61
The son of Pandu then slew the four steeds of his antagonist
with some straight arrows. With two other very sharp shafts,
he then cut off the two Parshni drivers of Calya. 68 Then with
another blazing, well-tempered, and sharp shaft, he cut off the
standard of Calya staying in his front. Then, O chastiser of
foes, the army of Duryodhana broke. 68 The son of Drona, at
this time, speedily proceeded towards the ruler of the Madras
who had been reduced to that plight, and quickly taking him
up on his own car, fled away quickly. 64 After the two had
proceeded for a moment, they heard Yudhishthira roar aloud.
Stopping, the ruler of the Madras then ascended another car 68
that had been equipt duly. That best of cars had a rattle
deep as the roar of the clouds. Well furnished with weapons
and instruments and all kinds of utensils, that vehicle made
the hair of foes stand on end.' " 68



Tarva.]



Section XVII.

Sanjaya said, — 'Taking up another bow that was very
strong and much tougher, the ruler of the Madras pierced
Yudhishthira and roared like a lion. 1 Then that bull amongst
Kshatriyas, of immeasurable soul, poured upon all the Ksha-
triyas showers of arrows even like the deity of the clouds
pouring rain in torrents." Piercing Satyaki with ten arrows
and Bhima with three and Sahadeva with as many, he afflicted
Yudhishthira greatly. 8 And he afflicted all the other great
bowmen with their steeds and cars and elephants with many
shafts like hunters afflicting elephants with blazing brands. 4
Indeed, that foremost of car-warriprs destroyed elephants and
elephant-riders, horses and horsemen, and cars and car-warriors.*
And he cut off the arms of combatants with weapons in grasp
and the standards of vehicles, and caused the Earth to be
strewn with (slain) warriors like the sacrificial altar with
blades of Kuga grass. 6 Then the Pandus, the Panchalas, and
the Somakas, filled with rage, encompassed that hero who was
thus slaughtering their troops like all destroying Death. 7
Bhimasena, and the grandson of Cini, and those two foremost
of men, viz., the two sons of Madri, encompassed that warrior
while he was fighting with the (Pandava) king of tcrriblo
might. And all of them challenged him to battle. 8 Then
those heroes, O king, having obtained the ruler of the Madras,
that foremost of warriors, in battle, checked that first of men in
that encounter and began to strike him with winged arrows of
fierce energy. 9 Protected by Bhimasena, and the two sons of
Madri, and by him of Madhu's race, the royal son of Dharma
struck the ruler of the Madras in the centre of the chest
with winged arrows of fierce energy. 10 Then the car-warriors
and other combatants of thy army, clad in mail and equipt
with weapons, beholding the ruler of the Madras exceedingly
afflicted with arrows in that battle, surrounded him on all side,
at the command of Duryodhana." The ruler of the Madras
at; this time quickly pierced Yudhishthira with seven arrow.



62 Mahabharata. [galya-badJua

in that battle. The high-souled son of Pritha, O king, in
return, pierced his foe with nine arrows in that dreadful
encounter. 12 Those two great car-warriors, viz., the ruler of the
Madras and Yudhishthira, began to cover each other with
arrows washed in oil and shot from their bowstrings stretched
to their ears. 13 Those two best of kings, both endued with
great strength, both incapable of being defeated by foes, and
both foremost of car-warriors, watchful of each other's laches,
quickly and deeply pierced each other with each other's
shafts. 14 The loud noise of their bows, bowstrings, and palms,
resembled that of Indra's thunder as those high-souled warriors,
viz., the brave ruler of the Madras and the heroic Pandava,
showered upon each other their numberless arrows. 15 They
careered on the field of battle like two young tigers in the
deep forest fighting for a pierge of meat. Swelling with pride
of prowess, they mangled each other like a couple of infuriate
elephants equipt with powerful tusks. 16 Then the illustrious
ruler of the Madras, endued with fierce impetuosity, putting
forth his vigor, pierced the heroic Yudhishthira of terrible
mi^ht in the chest with a shaft possessed of the splendour of
fire or the Sun. 17 Deeply pierced, king, that bull of Kuru's
race, viz., the illustrious Yudhishthira, then struck the ruler of
the Madras with a well-shot shaft and became filled with joy. 18
Recovering his senses within a trice, that foremost of kings (viz.,
Calya), possessed of prowess equal to that of him of a thou-
sand eyes, with eyes red in wrath, quickly struck the son of
Pritha with a hundred arrows. 19 At this, the illustrious son
of Dharma, filled with rage, quickly pierced Calya's chest and
then, without losing a moment, struck his golden mail with six
shafts. 80 Filled with joy, the ruler of the Madras then, draw-
ing his bow and having shot many arrows, at last cut off, with
a pair of razor-faced shafts, the bow of his royal foe, viz., that
bull of Kuru's race. 21 The illustrious Yudhishthira then, tak-
ing a new and more formidable bow in that battle, pierced
Calya with many arrows of keen points from every side like
Indra piercing the Asura Namuchi.™ The illustrious Calya
then, cutting off the golden coats of mail of both Bhima and
king Yudhishthira with nine arrows, pierced the arms of both



Parra.] ai.ya parti, 03

of them." With another razor-faced arrow endued with the
splendour of fire or the Sun, he then cut off tho bow of
Yudhishthira. At this time Kripa, with six arrows, slew the
king's driver who thereupon fell down in front of the car. 9 *
The ruler of the Madras then slew with four shafts the four
steeds of Yudhishthira. Having slain the steeds of the king,
the high-souled Calya then began to slay the troops of the
royal son of Dharma. 25 When the (Pandava) king had been
brought to that plight, the illustrious Bhimasena, quickly
cutting off the bow of the Madra king with an arrow of great
impetuosity, deeply pierced the king himself with a couple of
arrows. 26 With another arrow he severed the head of Calya's
driver, from his trunk the middle of which was encased in mail.
Exceedingy excited with rage, Bhimasena next slew, without a
m mient's delay, the four steeds also of his foe. 27 That foremost
of all bowmen, viz., Bhima, then covered with a hundred arrows
that hero who, endued with great impetuosity, was careering
alone in that battle. Sahadeva, the son of Madri, did the same.
Beh olding Calya stupified with those arrows, Bhima cut off
his armour with other shafts. 28 His armour having been cut
off by Bhimasena, the high-souled ruler of the Madras, taking
up a sword and a shield decked with a thousand stars, jumped
d >wn from his car and rushed towards the son of Kunti. Cut-
ting off the shaft of Nakula's car, Calya of terrible strength
rushed towards Yudhishthira. 29 Beholding him rushing im-
petuously towards the king, even like the Destroyer himself
rushing in rage, Dhrishtadyumna and Cikhandin and the (five)
sons of Draupadi and the grandson of Cini suddenly advanced
towards him/ Then the illustrious Bhima cut off with ten
arrows the unrivalled shield of the advancing hero. With
another broad-headed arrow he cut off the sword also of that
warrior at the hilt. Filled with joy at this, he roared aloud
in the midst of the troops. 31 Beholding that feat of Bhima,
all the foremost car-warriors among the Pandavas became
filled with joy. Laughing aloud, they uttered fierce roars and
blew their conchs white as the moon. 32 At that terrible noise
the army protected by thy heroes became cheerless, covered
with sweat, bathed iu blood, exceedingly melancholy, and al-



G-J. mahabharata. [£alya-badha

most lifeless. 33 The ruler of the Madras, assailed by those
foremost of Pandava warriors headed by Bhimasena, proceeded
(regardless of them) towards Yudhishthira, like a lion proceed-
ing for seizing a deer." King Yudhishthira the just, steedless
and driverless, looked like a blazing fire in consequence of
the wrath with which he was then excited. Beholding the ruler
of the Madras before him, he rushed towards that foe with
great impetuosity. 88 Recollecting the words of Govinda, he
quickly set his heart on the destruction of Calya. Indeed,
king Yudhishthira the just, staying on his steedless and driver-
less car, desired to take up a dart. 86 Beholding that feat of
Calya and reflecting upon the fact that that hero who had been
allotted to him as his share still remained unslain, the son of
Pandu firmly set his heart upon accomplishing that which
Indra's younger brother had counselled him to achieve. 37 King
Yudhishthira the just took up a dart whose handle was adorned
with gold and gems and whose effulgence was as bright as that
of gold. Rolling his eyes that were wide open, he cast his
glances on the ruler of the Madras, his heart filled with rage. 38
Thus looked at, O god among men, by that king of cleansed
soul and sins all washed away, the ruler of the Madras was not
reduced to ashes. This appreared to us to be exceedingly
wonderful, monarch ! 89 The illustrious chief of the Kurus
then hurled with great force at the king of the Madras that blaz-
ing dart of beautiful and fierce handle and effulgent with gems
and corals. 40 All the Kuravas beheld that blazing dart emitting
sparks of fire as it coursed through the welkin after having
been hurled with great force, even like at large meteor falling
from the skies at the end of the Yuga" King Yudhishthira
the just, in that battle, carefully hurled that dart which resem-
bled the Death-night armed with the fatal noose or the foster-
mother of fearful aspect of Yama himself, and which, like the
Brahmana's curse, was incapable of being baffled. 44 Carefully
the sons of Pandu had always worshipped that weapon with
perfumes and garlands and foremost of seats and the best kinds
of viands and drinks. That weapon seemed to blaze like the
Samvartaka fire and was as fierce as a rite performed accord-
ing to the Atharvan of Angirasa, 4 ^ Created by Tashtri (the



Ftirva.] calya parva. Cj

celestial artificer) for the use of Iclina, it was a consumer of
the life-breaths and tho bodies of all foes. It", was capable of
destroying bv it* force the Earth and the welkin ami all tho
receptacles of water and creatures of every kind. 44 Adorned
with bells and banners and gems and diamonds and decked
with stones of lapis lazuli and equipt with a golden handle,
Tashtri himself had forged it with great care after having ob-
served many vows. Unerringly fatal, it was destructive of all
haters of Brahma.*' Having carefully inspired it with many
fierce mantras, and endued it with terrible velocity by tho
exercise of great might and great care, king Yudhishthira hurled
it along the best of tracks for the destruction of the ruler of
the Madras. 4 * Saying in a loud voice the words, — Thou art
slain, wretch! — the king hurled it, even as Rudra had, in
days of yore, shot his shaft for the destruction of tho A sura
Andhaka, stretching forth his strong (right) arm graced with a
beautiful hand, and apparently dancing in wrath. 47 Calya,
however, roared aloud and endeavoured to catch that excellent
dart of irresistible energy hurled by Yudhishthira with all
his might, even as a fire leap* forth for catching a jet of
clarified butter poured over it. 48 Piercing through his very
vitals and his fair and broad chest, that dart entered tho
Earth as easily as it would any water without the slightest
resistance and bearing away (with it) the world-wide famo
of the king (of the Madras)* 9 Covered with the blood that
issued from his nostrils and eyes and ears and mouth, ami
that which flowed from his wound, he then looked like tho
Krauncha mountain of gigantic size when it was pierced by
Skanda. 50 His armour having been cut off by that descendant
of Kuru's race, the illustrious Calya, strong as Indra's ele-
phant, stretching his arms, fell down on the Earth, like a
mountain summit riven by thunder.* 1 Stretching his arms,
the ruler of the Madras fell down on the Earth, with face
directed towards king Yudhishthira the just, like a tall banner
erected to the honor of Indra falling down on the ground.**
Like a dear wife advancing to receive her dear lord about to fall
on her breast, the Earth then seemed, from affection, to rise a
little for receiving that bull among men as he ft>ll down

9



J6 mahabhakata. [£alya-badka

with mangled limbs bathed in blood. 58 The puissant Calya,
having long enjoyed the Earth like a dear wife, now seemed
to sleep on the Earth's breast, embracing her with all his
limbs. 54 Slain by Dharma's son of righteous soul in fair fight,
Calya seemed to assume the aspect of a goodly fire lying extin-
guished on the sacrificial platform. 55 Though deprived of his
weapons and standard, and though his heart had been pierced,
; beauty did not yet seem to abandon the lifeless ruler of the
Madras. 58 Then Yudhishthira, taking wp his bow whose
splendour resembled that of Indra's bow, b-egan to destroy his
foes in that battle like the prince of birds destroying snakes,
With the greatest speed he began to cut off the bodies of his
•enemies with his keen shafts. 57 Wioh the showers of shafts that
the son of Pritha then shot, thy troops became entirely shrouded.
Overcome with fear and with eyes shut, they began to strike
one another (so stupified were they then). With blood issuing
from their bodies, they became deprived of their weapons of
attack and defence and divested of their life-breaths. 88 Upon
the fall of Calya, the youthful younger brother of the king of
the Madras, who was equal to his (deceased) brother in every
accomplishment, and who was regarded as a mighty car-war-



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