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rior, proceeded against Yudhishthira. 59 Invincible in battle
and desirous of paying the last dues of his brother, that fore-
most of men quickly pierced the Pandava with very many
shafts. 60 With great speed king Yudhishthira the just pierced
him with six arrows. With a couple of razor-faced arrows, he
then cut off the bow and the standard of his antagonist. 61 Then
with a blazing and keen arrow of great force and broad-head,
he struck off the head of his foe staying before him. 62 I saw
that head adorned with ear-rings fall down from the car
like a denizen of heaven falling down on the exhaustion of his
merits. 63 Beholding his headless trunk, bathed all over with
blood, fallen down from the car, the Kaurava troops broke. 64 In-
deed, upon the slaughter of the younger brother of the Madras
clad in beautiful armour, the Kurus, uttering cries of Oh and
Alas, fled away with speed. 65 Beholding Calya's younger
brother slain, thy troops, hopeless of their lives, were inspired
with the fear of the Pandavas and fled, covered with dust. 1 '

Parva.] calya tahya, tS9

The grandson of Cini then, viz., Satyaki, bull of Bharata's

race, shooting his shafts, proceeded against the frightened Kau-
ravas while the latter were flying away." Then Hridika s son,
O king, quickly and fearlessly received that invincible warrior,
that irresistible and mighty bowman, as he advanced (against
the beaten army). 63 Those two illustrious and invincible heroes
of Vrishni's race, viz., Hridika's son and Satyaki, encountered
each other like two furious lions. 45 Both resembling the Sun in
effulgence, they covered each other with arrows of bjazing
splendour that resembled the rays of the Sun. 70 The arrows
of those two lions of Vrishni's race, shot forcibly from their
b >ws, we saw, looked like swiftly-coursing insects in the wel-
kin. 71 Piercing Satvaki with ten arrows and his steeds with
three, the son of Hridika cut of! his bow with a straight
shaft." Laying aside his best of bows which was thus cut off,
that bull of Cini's race, quickly took up another that was
tougher than the first. 78 Having taken up that foremost of
bows, that first of bowmen pierced the son of Hridika with
ten arrows in the centre of the chest. 74 Then cutting off his
car and the shaft also of that car with many well-shot arrows,
Satyaki quickly slew the steeds of his antagonist as also his
two Parshni drivers. 78 The valiant Kripa then, the son of
Caradwat, lord, beholding Hridika S son made earless, quick-
ly bore him away, taking him up on his car. 78 Upon (he
slaughter of the king of the Madras and upon Kritavarman
having been made earless, the entire army of Duryodhana once
more turned its face from the battle. 77 At this time the army
was shrouded with a dusty cloud. We could not see anything.
The greater portion, however, of thy army fell. They who re-
mained alive had turned away their faces from battle. 78 Soon
it was seen that that cloud of earthy dust which had arisen be
came allayed, O bull among men, in consequence of the diver
streams of blood that drenched it on every side. 73 Then Duryo-
dhana, seeing from a near point his army broken, alone resist-
ed all the Parthas advancing furiously.* Beholding Iho Paudva-
as on their cars as also Dhrishtadyumna the son of Prishata
and the invincible chief the Anartas (viz., Satyaki), the Kuril
king covered all of them with sharp arrows." The enemy, (at

OS MAHABUARATl. [£alyq,~badhd

that time) approached him not, like mortal creatures fearing
to approach the Destroyer standing before them. Meanwhile
the son of Hridika, riding upon another car, advanced to that
spot. 82 The mighty car-warrior Yudhishthira then quickly
slew the four steeds of Kritavarman with four shafts, and
pierced the son of Gotama with six broad-headed arrows of
great force. 83 Then Aewatthfunan, taking up on his car the
son of Hridika who had been made steedless and earless by the
(Pandava) king, bore him away from Yudhishthira's presence. 84
The son of Caradwat pierced Yudhishthira in return with
eight arrows, and his steeds also with eight keen shafts. 85
Thus, O monarch, the embers of that battle began to glow
here and there, in consequence, O king, of the evil policy of
thyself and thy son, O Bharata ! 88 After the slaughter of
that foremost of bowmen on the field of battle by that bull of
Kuru's race, the Piirthas, beholding Calya slain, united to-
gether, and filled with great joy, blew their conehs. 87 And all
of them applauded Yudhishthira in that battle, even as the
celestials, in days of yore, had applauded Indra after the
slaughter of Vritra. And they beat and blew diverse kinds of
musical instruments, making the Earth resound on every side
with that noise.' " t&

Section XVIII.

"Sanjaya said, — 'After the slaughter of Calya, O king, the
followers of the Madra king, numbering seventeen hundred
heroic car-warriors, proceeded for battle with great energy. 1
Duryodhana riding upon an elephant gigantic as a hill, with
an umbrella held over his head, and fanned the while with yak-
tails, forbade the Madraka warriors, saying, — Do not jirocced,
Do not 'proceed !* — Though repeatedly forbidden by Duryo-
dhana, those heroes, desirous of slaying Yudhishthira, pene-
trated into the Pandava host. 6 Those brave combatants, O
monarch, loyal to Duryodhana, twanging their bows loudly,
fought with the Pfmdavas. 4 Meanwhile hearing that Calya had
been slain and that Yudhishthira was afflicted by the mighty
car-warriors of the Madrakas devokd to the welfare of the

Tarva] calya tahva. 09

Mulraka kins,',* the car-warrior Pfirtha came there,
stretching his bow Gandiva, and filling the Earth with the
rattle of his car.' Then Arjuna, and Bhima, and the two sons
of Madri by Panda, and that tiger among men, viz., Satyaki,
and the (five) sons of Dranpadi, 7 and Dhrishtadynmna, and
Cikhandin, and the Panchalas and the Somakas, desirous of
rescuing Yudhishthira, surrounded him on all sides. 8 Having
taken their places around the king, the Panda vas, those bulls
anions' men, beiran to agitate the hostile force like Makaras
agitating the ocean. Indeed, they caused thy army to tremble
like a mighty tempest shaking the trees. 3 Like the great
river Ganges agitated by a hostile wind, the Pandava host,
O king, once more became exceedingly agitated. 10 Causing
that mighty host to tremble, the illustrious and mighty car-
warriors, (viz., the Madrakas), all shouted loudly, saying, —
Where is that king Yudhishthira !" Why arc not his brave
brothers, viz., the Pdndavas, to be seen here I What has
become of the Pdnchdlas of great energy as also of tlte mighty
car-warrior (pikhandin 7 . Where are Dhrishtadyumna and
tlte grandson of ^ini and those great car-warriors, viz., the
(flue) sons of Dranpadi /" — At this, those mighty car-war-
riors, viz., the sons of Dranpadi, began to slaughter the fol-
lowers of tho Madra king who were uttering those words and
battling vigorously. 13 In that battle, some, amongst thy troops,
were seen to be crushed by car-wheels and some slain by means
of their lofty standards. 1 * Beholding, however, the heroic Piin-
davas, the brave warriors of thy army, O Bharata, though for-
bidden by thy son, still rushed against them. 1 * Duryodhana,
speaking softly, sought to prevent those warriors from fighting
with the foe. No great car-warrior, however, amongst them
obeyed his behest. 16 Then Cakuui, the son of the Gandhara
king, possessed of eloquence, O monarch, said unto Duryo-
dhana these words : 17 — How is this that we are standing hero,
while the Madraka host is being slaughtered before our eyes '.
When thou, O Bharata, art here, this does not look well '.'*
The understanding made was that all of us should fight
unitedly ! Why then, O king, dost thou tolerate our foes when
thoy are tins slaying our trj ips ;'" —

TO mahabharata. [£alya-bacVi&

" 'Duryodhana said, — Though forbidden by me before, they
did not obey my behest. Unitedly have these men penetrated
into the Pandava host ! 20 —

" 'Cakuni said, — Brave warriors, when excited with rage in
battle, do not obey the commands of their leaders. It does
not behove thee to be angry with those men. This is not the
time to stand indifferently ! 21 We shall, therefore, all of us,
united together with our cars and horse and elephants, pro-
ceed, for rescuing those great bowmen, viz., the followers of the
Madra king ' z * With great care, O king, we shall protect one
another ! — Thinking after the manner of Cakuni, all the
Kauravas then proceeded to that place where the Madras were.**
Duryodhana also, thus addressed (by his maternal uncle), pro-
ceeded, encompassed by a large force, against the foe, uttering
leonine shouts and causing the Earth to resound with that
noise.* 4 — Slay, pierce, seize, strike, cut off, — these were the
loud sounds that were heard then, Bharata, among those
troops. 25 Meanwhile the Pandavas, beholding in that battle
the followers of the Madra king assailing them unitedly, pro-
ceeded against them, arraying themselves in the form called
Madhyama^ Fighting hand to hand, O monarch, for a short
while, those heroic warriors, viz., the followers of the Madra
king, were seen to perish. 27 Then, whilst we were proceeding,
the Pandavas, united together and endued with great activity,
completed the slaughter of the Madrakas, and filled with delight,
uttered joyous shouts. 28 Then headless forms were seen to
arise all around. Large meteors seemed to fall down from the
Sun's disc. 29 The Earth became covered with cars and broken
yokes and axles and slain car-warriors and lifeless steeds. 50,
fSteeds fleet a^ the wind, and still attached to yokes of cars (but
without drivers to guide them) were seen to drag car-warriors,
O monarch, hither and thither on the field of battle. 81 Some
horses were seen to drag cars with broken wheels, while some
ran on all sides, bearing after them portions of broken cars. 82
Here and there also were seen steeds that were hampered
in their motions by their traces Car-warriors, while falling
down from their cars, were seen to drop down like denizens
of heaven on the exhaustion of their merits.* 3 When the.

Parvd.] CaLYA parya. 71

brave followers of the Madra king were slain, the mighty car-
•warriors of the Parthas, those great sm iters, beholding a body
of horse advancing towards them, rushed, towards it with speed
from desire of victory. 8 * Causing their arnnvs to whizz loudly
and making diverse other kinds of noise mingled with the
blare of their conchs, those effectual smiters possessed of sure-
ness of aim, shaking their bows, uttered leonine roars. 3 '
Beholding then that large force of the Madra king exterminated
and seeing also their heroic king slain in battle, the entire
army of Duryodhana once more turned away from the field. 58
Struck, O monarch, by those firm bowmen, viz., the Piindavas,
the Ivuru army fled away on all sides, inspired with fear.'" 37

Section XIX.

"Sanjaya said, — 'Upon tin fall of that great king and mighty
car-warrior, that invincible hero, (viz., Calya) in battle, thy
troops as also thy sons almost all turned away from the fight. 1
Indeed, upon the slaughter of that hero by the illustrious
Yudhishthira, thy troops were like ship-wrecked merchants
on the vasty deep without a raft to cross it. 2 After the fall of
the Madra king, O monarch, thy troops, struck with fear and
mangled with arrows, were like masterless men desirous of a
protector or a herd of deer afflicted by a lion. 3 Like bulls
deprived of their horns or elephants whose tusks have been
broken, thy troops, defeated by Ajatacabru, fled away at mid-
da v.* After the fall of Calya, king, none amongst thy
troops set his heart on either rallying the army or displaying
his prowess. 5 That fear, king, and that grief, which had been
ours upon the fall of Bhishma, of Drona, and of the Suta's
son, O Bharata, now became ours once more, O monarch ! s
Despairing of success upon the fall of the mighty car-wnrrior
Calya, the Kuru army, with its heroes slain and exceedingly
confused, began to be cut down with keen shafts. Upon the
slaughter of the Madra king, O monarch, thy warriors all iled
away in fear. 7 Some on horse-back, some on elephants, some
on cars, great car- warriors, with great speed, and foot-soldiers,
also, fled away in four, 8 Two thousand elephants, looking like

72 MAHABHarata. [^alya-badha

hills, and accomplished in smiting, fled away, after Calya's fall,
urged on with hooks and toes. 9 Indeed, O chief of the Bha-
ratas, thy soldiers tied on all sides. Afflicted with arrows, they
were seen to run, breathing hard.' Beholding them defeated
and broken and flying away in dejection, the Panchalas and
the Pandavas, inspired with desire of victory, pursued them
hotly. 11 The whizz of arrows and other noises, the loud leonine
roars, and the blare of conchs, of heroic warriors, became
tremendous. 18 Beholding the Kaurava host agitated with fear
and flying away, the Panchalas and the Pandavas addressed
one another, saying. 13 — Today king Yudhishthira, firm in truth,
hath vanquished his enemies ! Today Duryodhana hath been
divested of his splendour and kingly prosperity ! 14 Today, hear-
ing of his son's death, let Dhritarashtra, that king of men,
stupified and prostrate on the Earth, feel the most poignant
anguish ! 1S Let him know today that the son of Kunti is
possessed of great might among all bowmen ! Today that
sinful and wicked-hearted king will censure his own self! 16
Lit him recollect today the time and beneficial words of
Vidura ! Let him from this day wait upon the Parthas as
their slave ! Let that king today experience the grief that
had been felt by the sons of Pandu. 17 Let that king know
today the greatness of Krishna ! Let him hear today the
terrible twang of Arjuna's bow in battle, as also the strength
of all his weapons, and the might of his arms in fight ! ,$
Today he will know the awful might of the high-souled Bhima
when Duryodhana will be slain in battle even as the A sura
Vali was slain by Indra' 13 Save Bhima of mighty strength,
there is none else in this world that can achieve that which
was achieved by Bhima himself at the slaughter of Dusca-
sana ! a0 Hearing cf the slaughter of the ruler of the Madras
who was incapable of defeat by the very gods, that king will
know the prowess of the eldest son of Pandu ! ai After the
slaughter of the heroic son of Suvala and of all the Gandharas
he will kinw the strength, in battle, of the two sons of
Madri by Pandu !** Why will not victory be theirs that have
Dhananjaya for their warrior, as also Satyaki, and Bhimasena,
and Dhrishtadvumua the son of Prishata/ 5 and the five sons

Parva.] alya carta. "ill

of Dmupvli, ami the two sons of Mfidri, and Lho mighty
bowman Cikhandin, and king Yudjaishthira ? 24 Why will

nob victory bo theirs that have for their protector Krishna,
otherwise called Janarddana, that Protector of the universe ?
Why will not victory be theirs that have righteousness for
their refuge ? 2S Who else than Yudhishthira the son of
Pritha, who hath Hrishikeci, the refuge of righteousness
and fame, for his protector, is competent to vanquish in
battle Bhishma and Drona and Kama and the ruler of
the Madras and the other kings by hundreds and thou-
sands ? . 2i ~ 27 — Saying these words and filled with joy, tho
Srinjayas pursued thy troops in that battle who had been
exceedingly mangled with shafts. 28 Then Dhananjaya of great
valour proceeded against the car-division of the foe. The two
sons of Madri and the mighty car- warrior Siityaki proceeded
against Cakuni. 29 Beholding them all flying with speed in
fear of Bkimascna, Duryodhana, as if smiling the while, ad-
dressed his driver, saying, 30 — Piirtha, stationed there with his
bow, is transgressing me. Take my steeds to the rear of the
whole army. 31 Like the ocean that cannot transgress its conti-
nents, Kunti's son Dhananjaya will never venture to trans-
gress me if I take up my stand in the rear. 38 Behold, O
driver, this vast host that is pursued by the Pandavas ! Be-
hold this cloud of dust that has arisen on all sides in conse-
quence of the motion of the troops ! 3S Hear those diverso
leonine roars that arc so awful and loud ! Therefore, O driver,
proceed slowly and take up thy position in the rear ! S4 If I
stay in battle and fight the Pandavas, my army, driver,
will rally and come back with vigor to battle l M — Hearing these
words of thy son that were just those of a hero and man of
honor, the driver slowly urged those steeds in trappings of
gold. 36 One and twenty thousand foot-soldiers, deprived of ele-
phants and steeds and car-warriors, and who were ready to
lay down their lives, still stood fur battle. 17 Born in diverse
countries and hailing from diverse towns, those warriors main-
tained their ground, desirous of winning great fame.* 1 The clash
of those rushing warriors filled with joy became luiid and
exceedingly terrible. 33 Then Bhimasena, O king, and Dhrishta-


74 mahabhaRata. [£alya-hadha

'dyumiia the son of Prishata, resisted them with four kinds
of forces. 40 Other foot-soldiers proceeded against Bhiraa,
"uttering loud shouts and slapping their armpits, all actuated
by the desire of going to heaven. 41 Those Dhartarashtra
combatants, filled with rage and invincible in battle, having
approached Bhimasena, uttered furious shouts. They then
spoke not to one another. Encompassing Bhima in that
battle, they began to strike him from all sides.* 8 Surrounded
by that large body of warriors on foot and struck by them in
that battle, Bhima did not stir from where he stood fixed
like the Mainaka mountain. 49 His assailants, meanwhile,
filled with rage, O monarch, endeavoured to afflict that mighty
car -warrior of the Pandavas and checked other combatants
(that tried to rescue him). 4 * Encountered by those warriors,
Bhima became filled with fury. Quickly alighting from his
car, he proceeded on foot against them. 4 * Taking up his
massive mace adorned with gold, he began to slay thy troops
like the Destroyer himself armed with his club. 48 The mighty
Bhima, with his mace, crushed those one and twenty thousand
foot-soldiers who were without cars and steeds and elephants. 47
Having slain that strong division, Bhima, of prowess incapable
of being baffled, showed himself with Dhrishtadyumna in his
front. 48 The Dhartarashtra foot-soldiers, thus slain, lay down
on the ground, bathed in blood, like Kamikaras with their
flowery burthens laid low by a tempest.* 9 Adorned with gar-
lands mule of diverse kinds of flowers, and decked with diverse
kinds of ear-rings, those combatants of diverse races, who had
hailed from diverse realms, lay down on the field, deprived of
life. 60 Covered with banners and standards, that large host of
foot-soldiers, thus cut down, looked fierce and terrible and
awful as they lay down on the field. 5 ' The mighty car-war-
riors, with their followers, that fought under Yudhishthira's
lead, all pursued thy illustrious son Duryodhana. 62 Those
great bowmen, beholding thy troops turn away from the battle,
proceeded against Dnryodhana, but they could not transgress
him even as the ocean cannot transgress its continents. 58 The
prowess that we then beheld of thy son was exceedingly
wonderful, since all the Parthas, united together, could no-ft

fWvaJJ Calya parva, 7.1

transgress his single solf.'* Then Duryodhana, addressing his
own army which had not fled far but which, mangled with
arrows, had set its heart on flight, said these words :" — I do
not see the spot on plain or mountain, whither, if ye fly, tho
Pandavas will not pursue and slay ye I What is the use then
of flight ? s8 The army of tho Pandavas hath been reduced in
numbers. The two Krishnas are exceedingly mangled. If all
of us make a stand, victory will be certainly ours !" If ye
fly away, losing all order, the sinful Pandavas, pursuing ye,
will slay ye all ! If, on the other hand, we make a stand,
good will result to us ! 58 Listen, all ye Kshatriyas that are
assailed here ! When the Destroyer always slays heroes and
cowards, what man is there so stupid that, calling himself a
Kshatriya, will not fight? 19 Good will result to us if we stay
in the front of the angry Bhimasena ! Death in battle, while-
struggling according to Kshatriya practices, is fraught with-
happiness \ t0 Winning victory, one obtains happiness here. If
slain, one obtains great fruits in the other world ! Ye Kaura-
vas, there is no better path to heaven than that offered by
battle ! Slain in battle, ye may, without delay, obtain all
those regions of blessedness !*' — Hearing these words of his,
and applauding them highly, the (Kuru) kings once more
rushed against the Pandavas for battling with them.'* Seeing
them advancing with speed, the Parthas, arrayed in order of
battle, skilled in smiting, excited with rage, and inspired with
desire of victory, rushed against them/ 8 The valiant Dhanan-
jaya, stretching his bow Gdndiva celebrated over the three
worlds, proceeded on his car against the foe. 64 The two sons
of Madri, and Siityaki, rushed against Cakuni, and the other
(Pandava) heroes, smiling, rushed impetuously against thy
forces.' "•■

Section XX.

'Sanjaya said, — 'After the (Kuru) army had been rallieo?,
Ciilwa, the ruler of the Mlccchas, filled with rage, rushed
against the large force of the Pandavas, 1 riding on a gigantic
elephant, with secretions issuing from the usual limbs, looking

70 mahabhaiutj. [£alya-badhd

like a hill, swelling with pride, resembling Airavata himself,
and capable of crushing large bands of foes.* Calwa's animal
sprung from a high and noble breed. It was always worshipped
by Dhritarashtra's son. It was properly equipped and properly
trained for battle, king, by persons well conversant with
elephant-lore. Hiding on that elephant, that foremost of kings
looked like the morning Sun at the close of summer. 3 Mount-
ing on that foremost of elephants, O monarch, he proceeded
against the Pandavas and began to pierce them on all sides
with keen and terrible shafts that resembled Indra's thunder
in force. 4 While he shot his arrows in that battle and des-
patched hostile warriors to Yama's abode, neither the Kauravas
nor the Pandavas could notice any laches in him, even as
the Daityas, O king, could not notice any in Vasava, the
wielder of the thunder, in days of yore, while the latter was
employed in crushing their divisions. 5 The Pandavas, the
Somakas, and the Srinjayas, beheld that one elephant look
like a thousand elephants careering around them even as the
foes of the gods had in days of yore beheld the elephant
of Indra in battle. 6 Agitated (by that animal), the hostile
army looked on every side as if deprived of life. Unable to
stand in battle, they then fled away in great fear, crushing
one another as they ran. 7 Then the vast host of the Pandavas,
broken by king Calwa, suddenly fled on all sides, unable to
endure the impetuosity of that elephant. 8 Beholding the
Pandava host broken and flying away in speed, all the
foremost of warriors of thy army worshipped king Calwa
and blew their conchs white as the moon. 9 Hearing the
shouts of the Kauravas uttered in joy and the blare of their
conchs, the commander of the Pandava and the Srinjaya forces,
viz., the Panchala prince (Dhrishtadyumna), could not, from
wrath, endure it. 10 The illustrious Dhrishtadyumna then, with
great speed, proceeded for vanquishing that elephant, even as
the Asura Jambha had proceeded against Airavata, the prince
of elephants that Indra rode, in course of his encounter with
Indra." Beholding the ruler of the Pandavas impetuously
rushing against him, Calwa, that lion among kings, quickly
urged his elephant, O king, for the destruction of Drupadas

Varva.] «alya tarva, 77

son.' 2 The latter, seeing the animal approaching with precipi-
tancy, pierced it with three foremost of shafts, polished by the
hands of the smith, keen, blazing, endued with fierce energy,
and resembling fire itself in splendour and force. 18 Then that
illustrious hero struck the animal at the frontal globes with fivo
other whetted and foremost of shafts. Pierced therewith, that
prince of elephants, turning away from the battle, ran with great
speed. 14 Calwa, however, suddenly checking that foremost of
elephants which had been exceedingly mangled and forced to
retreat, caused it to turn back, and with hooks and keen lances
urged it forward against the car of the Panchala king, pointing

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