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it out to the infuriate animal. 18 Beholding the animal rush-
ing impetuously at him, the heroic Dhrishtadyumna, taking up
a mace, quickly jumped down on the Earth from his car, his
limbs stupified with fear.' 6 That gigantic elephant, meanwhile,
suddenly crushing that gold-decked car with its steeds and
driver, raised it up in the air with his trunk and then dashed it
down on the Earth. 17 Beholding the driver of the Panchala
king thus crushed by that foremost of elephants, Bhima and
Cikhandin and the grandson of Cini rushed with great speed
against that animal. 18 With their shafts they speedily checked
the impetuosity of the advancing beast. Thus received by
those car-warriors and checked by them in battle, the elephant
began to waver. 19 Meanwhile king Calwa began to shoot his
shafts like the Sun shedding his rays on all sides. Struck with
those shafts, the (Pilndava) car- warriors began to fly away. 90
Beholding that feat of Calwa, the Panchalas, the Srinjayas,
and the Matsyas, king, uttered loud cries of oh and alas in
that battle. All those foremost of men, however, encompassed
the animal on all sides. 41 The brave Panchala king then, tak-
ing up his mace which resembled the lofty crest of a mountain,
appeared there. Fearlessly, king, that hero, that smiter of
foes, rushed with speed against the elephant. 22 Endued with
great activity, the prince of the Panchalas, approaching,
began to strike with his mace that animal which was huge as
a hill and which shed its secretions like a mighty mass of pour-
ing clouds." Its frontal globes suddenly split open, it utter-
ing a loud cry ; and vomiting a profuse quantity of blood, the

78 MAHABHARATA, [gdlya-badha

animal, huge as a hill, suddenly fell down, even as a mountain
falling down during an earthquake. 2 * While that prince of
elephants was falling down, and while the troops of thy son
were uttering wails of woo at the sight, that foremost of war-
riors among the Cinis cut off the head of king Calwa with a
sharp and broad-headed arrow. 88 His head having been cut off
by the Satwata hero, Calwa fell down on the Earth along with
his prince of elephants, even like a mountain summit suddenly
riven by the thunder-bolt hurled by the chief of the celes-
tials.' "»«

Section XXI.

"Sanjaya said, — 'After the heroic Calwa, that ornament of
assemblies, had been slain, thy army speedily broke like a
mighty tree broken by the force of the tempest. 1 Beholding
the army broken, the mighty car-warrior Kritavarman, poss-
essed by heroism and great strength, resisted the hostile force
in that battle. 8 Seeing the Satwata hero, O king, standing
in battle like a hill though pierced with arrows (by the foe),
the Kuru heroes, who had fled away, rallied and came back. 8
Then, O monarch, a battle took place between the Pandavas
and the returned Kurus who made death itself their goal.*
Wonderful was that fierce encounter which occurred between the
Satwata hero and his foes, since alone he resisted the invin-
cible army of the Pandavas. 8 When friends were seen to
accomplish the most difficult feats, friends, filled with delight,
uttered leonine shouts that seemed to reach the very heavens. 8
At those sounds the Panchalas, O bull of Bharata's race,
became inspired with fear. Then Safcyaki, the grandson of
Cini, approached that spot. 7 Approaching king Kshemakirti
of great strength, Satyaki despatched him to Yama's abode,
with seven keen shafts. 8 Then the son of Hridika, of great
intelligence, rushed with speed against that bull of Cini's
race, that mighty-armed warrior, as the latter came, shooting
his whetted shafts. 9 Those two bowmen, those two foremost
of car-warriors, roared like lions and encountered each other
with great force, both being armed with foremost of weapons. 10

Parva.] calya parva. 70

The Pandavas, the Panchalaa, and the other warriors, became
spectators of that terrible encounter between the two heroes. 11
Those two heroes of the Vrishni-Andhaka race, like two ele-
phants filled with delight, struck each other with long arrows
and shafts e^uipt with calf-toothed heads. 19 Careering in
diverse kinds of tracks, the son of Hridika and that bull of
Cini's race soon afflicted each other with showers of arrows."
Tho shafts sped with great force from the bows of the two
Vrishni lions were seen by us in the welkin to resemble flights
of swiftly coursing insects. 1 * Then the son of Hridika, ap-
proaching Satyaki of true prowess, pierced the four steeds of
the latter with four keen shafts." The long-armed Satyaki,
enraged at this like an elephant struck with a lance, pierced
Kritavarman with eight foremost of arrows. 1 * Then Kritavar-
man pierced Satyaki with three arrows whetted on stone and
sped from his bow drawn to its fullest stretch and then cut off
his bow with another arrow. 17 Laying aside his broken bow,
that bull of Cini's race quickly took up another with arrow
fixed on it.' 8 Having taken up that foremost of bows and
stringed it, that foremost of all bowmen, that Atiratha of
mighty energy and great intelligence and great strength, unable
to endure the cutting of his bow by Kritavarman, and filled
with fury, quickly rushed against the latter. 1 M0 With ten
keen shafts that bull of Cini's race then struck the driver, the
steeds, and the standard of Kritavarman.' 1 At this, O king,
the great bowman and mighty car-warrior Kritavarman, be-
holding his gold-decked car made driverless and steedless, 8 *
became filled with rage. Uplifting a pointed lance, O sire,
he hurled it with all the force of his arm at that bull of
Cini's race, desirous of slaying him." Satyaki, however, of
the Satwata race, striking that lance with many keen arrows,
cut it off into fragments and caused it to fall down, stupifying
Kritavarman of Madhu's race (with his activity and prowess).
With another broad-headed arrow he then struck Kritavarman
in the chest. 8 * Made steedless and driverless in that battle
by Yuyudhana skilled in weapons, Kritavarman came down on
the Earth. 8 ' The heroic Kritavarman having been deprived
of his car by Satyaki in that single- combat, all the (Kaurava),

^0 mahabhaiuta, [palya-badha

troops became filled with a great fear." A great sorrow afflict-
ed the heart of thy sons, when Kritavarman was thus made
steedless and driverless and earless. 27 Beholding that chastiser
of foes made steedless and driverless, Kripa, king, rushed
at that bull of Cini's race, desirous of despatching him to
Yama's abode. 48 Taking Kritavarman upon his car in the
very sight of all the bowmen, the mighty-armed Kripa bore
him away from the press of battle. 29 After Kritavarman had
been made earless and the grandson of Cini had become power-
ful on the field, the whole army of Duryodhana once more
turned away from the fight. 50 The enemy, however, did not
see it, for the (Kuru) army was then shrouded with a dusty
cloud. All thy warriors fled, O monarch, except king Duryo-
dhana. 31 The latter, beholding from a near point that his own
army was routed, quickly rushing, assailed the victorious
enemy, alone resisting them all. 32 Fearlessly that invincible
warrior, filled with rage, assailed with keen arrows all the
Pandus, and Dhrishtadyumna the son of Prishata, and Cikhan-
din, and the sons of Draupadi, and the large bands of the
Panchalas, and the Kaikeyas, sire, and the Somakas ! 33 " 84
With firm determination thy mighty son stood in battle, even as
a blazing and mighty fire on the sacrificial platform, sanctified
with mantras. Even thus, king Duryodhana careered all over
the field, in that battle. 3 * His foes could not approach him
then, like living creatures unable to approach the Destroyer.
Then the son of Hridika came there, riding on another car."

Section XXII.

•Sanjaya said, — 'That foremost of car-warriors, O monarch,
viz., thy son, riding on his car and filled with the courage of
despair, looked resplendent in that battle like Rudra himself
of great valour. 1 With the thousands of shafts shot by him,
the Earth became completely covered. Indeed, he drenched
his enemies with showers of arrows like the clouds pouring rain
on mountain breasts. 2 There was then not a man amongst the
Pandavas in that great battle, or a steed, or an elephant, or a
car, who or which was not struck with Duryodhana's arrows,*

JParva.] calya parva. 81

Upon whomsoever amongst the warriors I then cast my eyes,
O monarch, I beheld that every one, O Bharata, was struck by
thy son with his arrows.* The Pilndava army was then cover-
ed with the shafts of that illustrious warrior even as a host is
covered with the dust it raises while marching or rushing to
battle. s The Earth then, lord of Earth, was seen by me to
be made one entire expanse of arrows by thy son Duryodhana,
that bowman possessed of great lightness of hands. 6 Amongst
those thousands upon thousands of warriors on the field,
belonging to thy side or that of the enemy, it seemed to me
that Duryodhana was then the only man. 7 The prowess that
we then beheld of thy son seemed to bo exceedingly wonderful,
since the Parthas, even uniting together, could not approach
his single self. 8 He pierced Yudhishthira, bull of Bhara-
ta's race, with a hundred arrows, and Bhimasena with seventy,
and Sahadeva with seven. 9 And he pierced Nakula with four
and sixty, and Dhrishtadyumna with five, and the sons of
Draupadi with seven, and Satyaki with three arrows. With a
broad-headed arrow, he then, O sire, cut off the bow. of Saha-
deva. 10 Laying aside that broken bow, the valiant son of
Madri, took up another formidable bow, and rushing against
the king, viz., Duryodhana ; pierced him with ten shafts in
that battle. 11 The great bowman Nakula, possessed of courage,
then pierced the king with nine terrible arrows and uttered a
loud roar. 18 Satyaki struck the king with a single straight
shaft ; the sons of Draupadi struck him with three and seventy,
and kinw Yudhishthira struck him with five. And Bhimasena
afflicted the king with eighty shafts. 13 Though pierced thus
from every side with numerous arrows by these illustrious
warriors, Duryodhana still, monarch, did not waver, in the
presence of all the troops who stood there as spectators.' 4 The
quickness, the skill, and the prowess of that illustrious warrior
were seen by all the men there to exceed those of every crea-
ture. 1 ' Meanwhile the Dhartariishtras, O monarch, who had
not fled far from that spot, beholding the king, rallied and
returned there, clad in mail. 16 The noise made by them when
they came back, became exceedingly awful, like the roar of the
surging ocean in the season of rains. 17 Approaching their un~


82' MAHABHARATA. [gallja-hadha

vanquished king in that battle, those great bowmen proceeded
against the Pandavas for fight. 18 The son of Drona resisted in
that battle the angry Bhimasena. 19 With the arrows, O mon-
arch, that were shot in that battle, all the points of the
compass became completely shrouded, so that the brave com-
batants could not distinguish the cardinal from the subsidiary
points of the compass. 20 As regards AcAvatthaman and Bhima
sena, Bhfirata, both of them were achievers of cruel feats.
Both of them were irresistible in battle. The arms of both
contained many cicatrices in consequence of both having re-
peatedly drawn the bowstring. Counteracting each other's feats,
they continued to fight with each other, frightening the whole
universe. 21 The heroic Cakuni assailed Yudhishthira in that
battle. The mighty son of Suvala. having slain the four
steeds of the king, uttered a loud roar, causing all the troops
to tremble with fear. 22 Meanwhile the valiant Sahadeva bore
away the heroic and vanquished king on his car from that
battle. 23 Then king Yudhishthira the just, riding upon an-
other car, (came back to battle), and having pierced Cakuni
at first with nine arrows, once more pierced him with five.
And that foremost of all bowmen then uttered a loud roar. 24
That battle, sire, awful as it was, became wonderful to
behold. It filled the spectators with delight and was ap-
plauded by the Siddhas and the Cliaranas. 25 Uluka of im-
measurable soul rushed against the mighty bowman Nakula,
in that battle, shooting showers of arrows from every side. 25
The heroic Nakula, however, in that battle, resisted the son
•of Cakuni with a thick shower of arrows from every side. 27
Bjth those heroes were well-born and both were mighty
oar-warriors. They were seen to fight with each other, each
highly enraged with the other. 28 Similarly Kritavarman, O
king, fighting with the grandson of Cini, that scorcher of foes,
looked resplendent, like Cakra battling with the Asura Vala. 29
Buryodhana, having cut off Dhrishtadyumna's bow in that
battle, pierced his bowless antagonist with keen shafts. 30
Dhrishtadyumna then, in that encounter, having taken up a
formidable bow, fought with the king in the sight of all the
bowmen," The battle between those two heroes became ex-

Farva.] Caiya pabvj.

ceedingly fierce, bull of Bharata's race, like the encounter
between two wild and infuriate elephants with juicy secretions
trickling adown their limbs. 38 The heroic Gautama, excited 1
with rage in that battle, pierced the mighty sons of Draupadi
with ninny straight shafts. 83 The battle that took place be-
tween him and those five resembled that which takes place
between an embodied being and his (five) senses. It was
awful and exceedingly fierce and neither side showed any con-
sideration for the other. 8 * The (five) sons of Draupadi afflicted
Jvripa like the (five) senses afflicting a foolish man. He, on the
other hand, fighting with them, controlled them with vigor. 85
Even such and so wonderful, Bhiirata, was that battle
between him and them. It resembled the repeated combats,
O lord, between embodied creatures and their senses. 86 Men
fought with men, elephants with elephants, steeds, with steeds,
and car-warriors with car-warriors. Once more, O monarch,
that battle became general and awful. 37 Here an encounter
was beautiful, there another was awful, and there another was
exceedingly fierce, lord ! Many and awful, O monarch, were
the encounters that took place in course of that battle. 38 Those
chastiscrs of foes, (belonging to both armies), encountering one
another, pierced and slew one another in that dreadful engage-
ment. 89 A dense cloud of dust was then seen there, raised by
the vehicles and the animals of the warriors. Thick also, O
king, was the dust raised by the running steeds, a dust that
was carried from one place to another by the wind. 40 Raised
by the wheels of cars and the breaths of the elephants, tho
dust, thick as an evening cloud, rose into the welkin. 41 That
dust having been raised and the Sun himself having been dim-
med therewith, the Earth became shrouded, and the heroic
and mighty car-warriors could not be seen. 42 Anon that dusfr
disappeared and everything became clear when the Earth;
O best of the Bharatas, became drenched with the blond of
heroes. 43 Indeed, that dense and awful cloud of dust was
allayed. Then, O Bhiirata, I could once more sec the diverse
single combats, O Bhiirata, 44 that the combatants fought at
noon of day, each according to his strength and his rank, nil
which were exceedingly fierce. The blazing splendour of Ihohs

Si mahabharata, [galya-badha,

feats, monarch, appeared full in view. 45 Loud became the
noise of falling shafts in that battle, resembling that made by
a vast forest of bamboos while burning on every side.' "* 8

Section XXIII.

"Sanjaya said, — 'During the progress of that terrible and
awful battle, the army of thy son was broken by the Piinda-
vas. 1 Rallying their great car-warriors, however, with vigor-
ous efforts, thy sons continued to fight with the Pandava army. 9
The (K.uru) warriors, desirous of thy son's welfare, suddenly
returned. Upon their return, the battle once more became
exceedingly fierce, 3 between thy warriors and those of the foe,
resembling that between the gods and the Asuras in days of
old. Neither amongst the enemies nor amongst thine was there
a single combatant that turned away from that battle.* The
warriors fought, aided by guess and by the names they uttered.
Great was the destruction that occurred as they thus fought
with one another. 5 Then king Yudhishthira, filled with great
wrath, and becoming desirous of vanquishing the Dhartarash-
tras and their king in that battle, 6 pierced the son of Caradwat
with three arrows winged with gold and whetted on stone,
and next slew with four others the four steeds of Kritavar-
man. 7 Then Acwatthaman bore away the celebrated son of
Hridika. Caradwat's son pierced Yudhishthira in return with
eight arrows. 8 Then king Duryodhana despatched seven hun-
dred cars to the spot where king Yudhishthira was battling. 9
Those cars ridden by excellent warriors and endued with the
speed of the wind or thought, rushed in that battle against
the car of Kunti's son. 10 Encompassing Yudhishthira on
every side, they made him invisible with their shafts like
clouds hiding the Sun from the view. 11 Then the Pandava
heroes headed by Cikhandin, beholding king Yudhishthira the
just assailed in that way by the Kauravas, became filled with
rage and unable to put up with it. 12 Desirous of rescuing
Yudhishthira the son of Kunti, they came to that spot upon
their cars possessed of great speed and adorned with rows of
bells. 13 Then commenced an awful battle, in which blood

Farva.] calya parva. 85

flowed as water, between the Pfmdavas and the Kurus, that
increased the population of Yama's domains. 1 * Slaying those
seven hundred hostile car-warriors of the Kuru army, the
Pfmdavas and the Panchalas once more resisted (the whole
Kuril army). 1 ' There a fierce battle was fought between thy
son and the Pfmdavas. We had never before seen or heard of
its like. 16 During the progress of that battle in which no
consideration was showed by any body for any body, and while
the warriors of thy army and those of the foe were falling
fast, 17 and the combatants were all shouting and blowing their
conchs, and the bowmen were roaring and uttering loud noises
of diverse kinds, 18 while, indeed, the battle was raging fiercely
and the very vitals of the combatants were being struck, and
the troops, sire, desirous of victory, were rushing with
speed, 19 while, verily, everything on Earth seemed to be under-
going a woeful destruction, during that time when innumer-
able ladies of birth and beauty were being made widows, 80
during,, indeed, the progress of that fierce engagement in which
the warriors behaved without any consideration for friends and
foes, awful portents appeared, presaging the destruction of every-
thing. 81 The Earth, with her mountains and forests, trembled,
making a loud noise. Meteors like blazing brands equipt with
handles dropped from the sky, king, on every side on the
Earth as if from the solar disc. 28 A hurricane arose, blowing on
all sides, and bearing away hard pebles along its lower course.
The elephants shed copious tears and trembled exceedingly. 8 *
Disregarding all these fierce and awful portents, the Kshatriyas,
taking counsel with one another, cheerfully stood on the field
for battle acrain, on the beautiful and sacred field called after
Kuru, desirous of obtaining heaven. 8 * Then Cakuni, the son of
the Gfmdhara king, said, — Fight all of ye in front ! I, how-
ever, will slay the Pfmdavas from behind ! 8 * — Then the Mudraka
warriors, endued with great activity, amongst those on our
side that were advancing, became filled with joy and uttered
diverse sounds of delight. Others too did the same. 26 The
invincible Pfmdavas, however, possessed of sureness of aim,
once more coming against us, shook their bows and covered us
with showers of arrows.* 7 The forces of the Madrakas then were

86 . mahabharata; [galya-badhd

slain by the foe. Beholding this, the troops of Duryodhana
once more turned away from the battle. 23 The mighty king of
the Gandharas, however, once more said these words: — Stop,
ye sinful ones ! Fight (with the foe) ! What use is there of
flight? 29 — At that time, bull of Bharata's race, the king of
the Gandharas had full ten thousand horsemen capable of
fighting with bright lances. 80 During the progress of that
great carnage, Cakuni, aided by that force, put forth his valor
and assailed the Pandava army at the rear, slaughtering it
with his keen shafts. 21 The vast force of the Pandus then, O
monarch, broke even as a mass of clouds is dispersed on all sides
by a mighty wind. 82 Then Yudhishthira, beholding from a
near point his own army routed, coolly urged the mighty
Sahadeva, saying, 38 — Yonder the son of Suvala, afflicting our
rear, stayeth, clad in mail ! He slaughtered our forces ! Be-
hold that wicked wight, O son of Pandu ! 34 Aided by the sons
of Draupadi, proceed towards him and slay Cakuni the son
of Suvala ! Supported by the Panchalas, sinless one, I
will meanwhile destroy the car-force of the enemy ! 85 Let all
the elephants and all the horse and three thousand foot, pro-
ceed with thee ! Supported by these, slay Cakuni ! 86 — At this,
seven hundred elephants ridden by combatants armed with the
bow, and five thousand horse, and the valiant Sahadeva, 87 and
three thousand foot-soldiers, and the sons of Draupadi, all
rushed against Cakuni difficult of defeat in battle. 88 Suvala's
son, however, of great valour, O king, prevailing over the
Pandavas and longing for victory, began to slay their forces
from the rear. 89 The horsemen, infuriate with rage, belonging
to the Pandavas endued with great activity, penetrated the
division of Suvala's son, prevailing over the latter's car-war-
riors. 40 Those heroic horsemen, staying in the midst of their
own elephants, covered the large host of Suvala's son with
showers of shafts. 41 In consequence of thy evil counsels, O
king, dreadful was the battle that then ensued in which maces
and lances were used and in which heroes only took part. 42
The twang of bowstrings was no longer heard there, for all the
car-warriors stood as spectators of that fight. At that time no
difference could be seen between the contending parties. 43 Both

Parva.] calya parva, 87

the Kurus and the Pandavas, bull of Bharata's race, beheld
the darts huried from heroic arms course like meteors through
the welkin. 44 The entire welkin, O monarch, shrouded with
falling swords of great brightness, seemed to become exceedingly
beautiful. 45 The aspect presented, O chief of the Bharatas, by
Ihe lances hurled all around, became like that of swarms of
locusts in the welkin. 46 Steeds, with limbs bathed in blood
in consequence of wounds inflicted by horsemen themselves
wounded with arrows, dropped down on all sides in hundreds
and thousands. 47 Ecountering one another and huddled
together, many of them were seen to be mangled and many
to vomit blood from their mouths. A thick darkness came
there when the troops were covered with a dusty cloud. 48 When
that darkness shrouded everything, O king, we beheld those
brave combatants, steeds and men, — move away from that
spot. 4D Others were seen to fall down on the Earth, vomiting
blood in profusion. Many combatants, entangled with one
another by their locks, could not stir. 50 Many, endued with
great strength, dragged one another from the backs of their
horses, and encountering one another thus, slew one another
like combatants in a wrestling match. 51 Many deprived of
life, were borne away on the backs of the steeds they rode. 51
Many men, proud of their valor and inspired with desire of
victory, were seen to fall down on the Earth. 52 The Earth
became strewn over with hundreds and thousands of combatants
bathed in blood, deprived of limbs, and divested of hair. 53
In consequence of the surface of the Earth being covered with
elephant-riders and horsemen and slain steeds and combatants
with blood-stained armour and others armed with weapons and
others who had sought to slay one another with diverse kinds of
terrible weapons, all lying closely huddled together in that
battle fraught with fearful carnage, no warrior could proceed far
on his horse. 54 " 55 Having fought for a little while, Cakuni
the son of Suvala, O monarch, went away from that spot with
the remnant of his cavalry numbering six thousand. 5 ' Simi-
larly the Pandava force, covered with blood, and its ani-
mals fatigued, moved away from that spot with its remnant
consisting of six thousand b,orse, 57 The blood-stained horsemen

SS MAHABHARATA. [£alya-badha

of the Pandava army then, with hearts intent on battle and

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