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prepared to lay down their lives, said, 58 — It is no longer pos-
sible to fisjht here on cars ; how much more difficult then to
fight here on elephants ! Let cars proceed against cars, and
elephants against elephants ! 59 Having retreated, Cakuni is
now staying within his own division. The royal son of Suvala
will not again come to battle ! 60 — Then the sons of Draupadi
and those infuriate elephants proceeded to the place where the
Panchala prince Dhrishtadyumna, that great car-warrior, was."
Sahadeva also, when that dusty cloud arose, proceeded alone to
where king Yudhishthira was." After all those had gone away,
Cakuni the son of Suvala, excited with wrath, once more fell
upon Dhrishtadyumna's division and began to strike it.* 8
Once more a dreadful battle took place, in which the combat-
ants were all regardless of their lives, between thy soldiers and
those of the foe, all of whom were desirous of slaying one
another. 64 In that encounter of heroes, the combatants first
eyed one another steadfastly, and then rushed, king, and
fell upon one another in hundreds and thousands. 65 In that
destructive carnage, heads, severed with swords, fell down
with a noise like that of falling palmyra fruits. 66 Loud also be-
came the noise, making the very hair to stand on end, of bodies
falling down on the ground, divested of armour and mangled
with weapons and of falling weapons also, king, and of
arms and thighs severed from the trunk. 67 Striking brothers
and sons and even sires with keen weapons, the combatants
were seen to fight like birds, for pieces of meat 68 Excited
with rage, thousands of warriors, falling upon one another,
impatiently struck one another in that battle. 69 Hundreds and
thousands of combatants, killed by the weight of slain horse-
men while falling down from their steeds, fell down on the
field. 70 Loud became the noise of neighing steeds of great
fleetness, and of shouting men clad in mail, and of the falling
darts and swords, king, of combatants desirous of piercing
the vitals of one another in consequence, O monarch, of thy
evil policy. 71 " 73 At that time, thy soldiers, overcome with toil,
spent with rage, their animals fatigued, themselves parched
with thirst, mangled with keen weapons, began to turn away



Parva.] calya parva. S9

from the battle. 78 Maddened with the scent of blood, many
became so insensate Jthat they slew friends and foes alike, in
fact, every one they got at. 74 Large numbers of Kshatriyas,
O king, inspired with desire of victory, were struck down with
arrows, king, and fell prostrate on the Earth. 76 Wolves and
vultures and jackalls began to howl and scream in glee and
make a loud noise. In the very sight of thy son, thy army
suffered a great loss. 74 The Earth, O monarch, became strewn
with the bodies of men and steeds, and covered with streams
of blood that inspired the timid with terror. 77 Struck and
mangled repeatedly with swords and battle-axes and lances, thy
warriors, as also the Pandavas, Bhiirata, ceased to approach
one another. 78 Striking one another according to the measure
of their strength, and fighting to the last drop of their blood,
the combatants fell down, vomiting blood from their wounds.™
Headless forms were seen, seizing the hair of their heads (with
one hand) and with uplifted swords dyed with blood (in the
other). 80 When many headless forms, O king, had thus risen
up, when the scent of blood had made the combatants nearly
senseless, 81 and when the loud noise had somewhat subsided,
Suvala's son (once more) approached the large host of th% Pan-
davas, with the small remnant of his horse. 88 At this, the
Pandavas, inspired with desire of victory and endued with
great activity, rushed towards Cakuni, with foot-soldiers and
elephants and cavalry, all with uplifted weapons. 83 Desirous of
reaching: the end of the hostilities, the Pandavas, forming a
wall, encompassed Cakuni on all sides, and began to strike him
with diverse kinds of weapons. 81 Beholding those troops of
thine assailed from every side, the Kauravas, with horse, foot,
elephants, and cars, rushed towards the Pandavas. 85 Some
foot-soldiers of great courage, destitute of weapons, attacked
their foes in that battle, with feet and fists, and brought them
d )wn. 88 Car-warriors fell down from cars, and elephant-meu
from elephants, like meritorious persons falling down from their
celestial vehicles upon the exhaustion of their merits. 87 Thus
the combatants, engaged with one another in that great battle,
slew sires and brothers and friends and sons. 88 Thus occurred
that battle, best of the Bharatas, in which no consideration
12



SO mahabharata, [£alya-badha

was shown by anybody for anyone, and in which lances and
swords and arrows fell fast on every side and made the scene
exceedingly terrible to behold.' " 89



Section XXIV.

"Sanjaya said, — 'When the loud noise of battle had some-
what subsided and the Pandavas had slain large numbers of
their foes, Suvala's son (once more) came for fight, with the
remnant of his horse numbering seven hundred. 1 Quickly
approaching his own soldiers and urging them to battle, he
repeatedly said, — Ye chastisers of foes, fight cheerfully !" —
And he asked the Kshatriyas present there, saying, — Where
is the king, that great car- warrior ? — Hearing these words of
Cakuni, bull of Bharata's race, they answered, saying, —
Yonder stayeth that great car-warrior, viz., the Kuru king, 8 —
there where that large umbrella, of splendour equal to that of
the full moon, is visible, — there where those car- warriors, clad
in mail, are staying, 4 — there where that loud noise, deep as the
roar of clouds, is being heard ! Proceed quickly thither, O
king, c and thou wilt then see the Kuru monarch ! 5 — Thus ad-
dressed by those brave warriors, Suvala's son Cakuni, king,
proceeded to that spot where thy son was staying, surrounded
on all sides by unretreating heroes. 6 Beholding Duryodhana
stationed in the midst of that car-force, Cakuni, gladdening
all those car-warriors of thine, 7 king, cheerfully, said these
words unto Duryodhana. Indeed, he said the following words
in a manner which showed that he regarded all his purposes to
have been already achieved. 8 — Slay, O king, the car-divisions
(of the Pandavas) ! All their horse have been vanquished by
me ! Yudhishthira is incapable of being conquered in battle
unless one is prepared to lay down his life ! 9 When that car-
force, protected by the son of Pandu, will have been destroyed,
we shall then slay all those elephants and foot-soldiers and
others ! 10 — Hearing these words of his, thy warriors, inspired
with desire of victory, cheerfully rushed towards the Pandava
arrmy. 11 With quivers on their backs and bows in their hands,
all of them shook their bows and uttered leonine roars.'* Oace.



Parva.] calya parva. 01

more, O king, the fierce twang of bows and the slapping of

palms and the whiz of arrows shot with force was heard. 18
Beholding those Kuru combatants approach the Pandava
army with uplifted bows, Kunti's son Dhananjaya said unto
the son of Devaki these words : 1 *— Urge the steeds fearlessly
and penetrate this sea of troops ! With my keen shafts I shall
today reach the end of these hostilities !'• Today is the
eighteenth day, Janarddana, of this great battle that is
ra^inor between the two sides ! 18 The army of those high-
souled heroes, which was literally numberless, hath been nearly
destroyed ! Behold the course of Destiny ! 17 The army of
Dhritarashtra's son, Madhava, which was vast as the ocean,
hath, O Achyuta, become, after encountering ourselves, even
like the indent caused by a cow's hoof ! 18 If peace had been
made after Bhishma's fall, Madhava, everything would have
been well ! The foolish Duryodhana of weak understanding,
however, did not make peace ! 19 The words that were uttered
by Bhishma, O Madhava, were beneficial and worthy of adop-
tion. Suyodhana, however, who had lost his understanding, did
not act according to them. 80 After Bhishma had been struck
and thrown down on the Earth, I do not know the reason why
the battle proceeded ! 21 I regard the Dhartarashtras to bo
foolish and of weak understanding in every way, since they
continued the battle even after the fall of Cantanu's son ! 2a
After that when Drona, that foremost of all uttcrers of Brahma,
fell, as also the son of Radha, and Vikarna, the carnage did
not still cease !*• Alas, when a small remnant only of the
(Kaurava) army remained after the fall of that tiger among
men, viz., Kama, with his sons, the carnage did not still
cease ! 84 After the fall of even the heroic Crutayush, of also
Jalasandha of Puru's race, and of king Crutayudha, tho
carnage did not still cease ! 98 After the fall of Bhuricravas, of
Calya, of Calwa, Janarddana, and of the Avanti heroes,
the carnage did not still cease r 86 After the fall of Jayadratha,
of the Rakshasa Aliiyudha, of Valhika, and of Somadatta,
the carnage did not still cease ! 87 After the fall of the heroic
Bhagadatta, of the Kamvoja chief Sadakshina, and of Dusca-
sana, the carnage did not still cease \ ri BchQl&ng even divert



92 MAHABHARATA. [Qalya-badfia

heroic and mighty kings, each owning extensive territories,
slain in battle, the carnage, Krishna did not still cease !*'
Beholding evten a full Akshauhini of troops 9)ain by Bhimasena
In battle, the carnage did not still cease, in consequence of
either the folly or the covetousness of the Dhartarashtras ! s0
What king born in a noble race, a race especially like that of
Kuru, save of course the foolish Duryodhana, would thus
fruitlessly wage such fierce hostilities ? 31 Who is there,
possessed of reason and wisdom and capable of discriminating
good from evil, that would thus wage war, knowing his
foes to be superior to him in merit, strength, and courage ? sa
How could he listen to the counsels of another, when, indeed,
he could not make up his mind to make peace with the Panda-
vas in obedience to the words uttered by thee ? ss What medi-
cine can be acceptable to that person today who disregarded
Bhishma the son of Cantanu, and Drona, and Vidura, while
they urged him to make peace ? 34 How can he accept good
counsels who, from folly, O Janarddana, insolently disregarded
his own aged sire as also his own well-meaning mother while
speaking beneficial words unto him ? ss It is evident, Janard-
dana, that Duryodhana took his birth for exterminating his
race ! His conduct and his policy, it is seen, point to that
line, lord! He will not give us our kingdom yet ! This is
my opinion, Achyuta ! 38 The high-souled Vidura, sire,
told me many a time that as long as life remained in Dhrita-
rashtra'sson, he would never give us our share of the kingdom !"
Vidura further told me, — As long also as Dhritarashtra will
live, giver of honors, even that sinful wight will act sinfully
towards you ! 88 Ye will never succeed in vanquishing Duryo-
dhana without battle ! — Even thus, O Mfidhava, did Vidura of
true foresight often speak to me ! 39 All the acts of that
wicked-souled wight, I now find, to be exactly as the high-
souled Vidura had said ! 40 That person of wicked understand-
in" 1 who, having listened to the beneficial and proper words of
Jamadagni's son, disregarded them, should certainly be held as
standing in the face of destruction. 41 Many persons crowned
with ascetic success said as soon as Duryodhana was born, that
the entire Kshatriya. order would be exterminated in conse-



Farva.] calya pauva. 93

qucnce of that wretch. 48 Those words of the sagos, O Janiird-
dana, arc now being realised, since the Kshatriyas are under-
going almost entire extermination in consequence of Duryo-
dhana's acts ! I shall, O Madhava, slay all the warriors today ! 4g
After all the Kshatriyas will have been slain and the (Kaurava)
camp made empty, Duryodhana will then desire battle with
us for his own destruction. 44 That will end these hostilities !
Exercising my reason, Madhava, and reflecting in my own
mind, thou of Vrishni's race, thinking of Vidura's words, and
taking into account the acts of the wicked-souled Duryodhana
himself, I have come to this conclusion ! Penetrate the Bharata
army, hero, for I shall slay the wicked-souled Duryodhana
and his army today with my kcon shafts ! 4S " 46 Slaying this
weak army in the very sight of Dhritarashtra's son, I shall
today do what is for Yudhishthira's good ! 47 — '

"Sanjaya continued, — 'Thus addressed by Savyasachin, he
of Dacarha's race, reins in hand, fearlessly penetrated that
vast hostile force for battle. 48 That was a terrible forest of
bows (which the two heroes entered). Darts constituted its
prickles. Maces and spiked bludgeons were its paths. Cars
and elephants wer,e its mighty trees. 49 Calvalry and infantry
were its creepers. And the illustrious Kccava, as he entered
that forest on that car decked with many banners and penons,
looked exceedingly resplendent. 80 Those white steeds, O
king, bearing Arjuna in battle, were seen careering everywhere,
urged by him of Dararha's race ! S1 Then that scorcher of
foes, viz., Savyasachin, proceeded on his car, shooting hundreds
of keen shafts like a cloud pouring showers of rain. Loud was
the noise produced by those straight arrows" as also by those
combatants that were covered with them in that battle by Savy-
asachin. Showers of shafts, piercing through the armour of
the combatants, fell down on the Earth.' 8 Impelled from Gdn-
cliva, arrows, whose touch resembled that of Indra's thunder,
striking men and elephants and horses, king, fell in that
battle with a noise like that of winged insects. 14 Everything
was shrouded with those shafts shot from Gandiva. In that
battle, the points of the compass, cardinal and subsidiary,
could not be distinguished," The whole world seemed to be



94 Mahabharata. [galya-bacUia

filled with gold-winged shafts, steeped in oil, polished by the
hands of the smith, and marked with Partha's name. 55 Struck
with those keen shafts, and burnt therewith by Partha even as
a herd of elephants is burnt with burning brands, the Kaura-
vas became languid and lost their strength. 87 * Armed with
bow and arrows, Partha, resembling the blazing Sun, burnt
the hostile combatants in that battle like a blazing fire con-
suming a hoap of dry grass. 83 As a roaring fire of blazing
flames and great energy, (arising from embers) cast away on
the confines of a forest by its denizens, fast consumes those
woods abounding with trees and heaps of dry creepers, 89 even
so that hero possessed of great activity and fierce energy and
endued with prowess of weapons, and having shafts for his
flames, quickly burnt all the troops of thy son from wrath. 66
His gold-winged arrows, endued with fatal force and shot with
care, could not be baffled by any armour. He had not to shoot
a second arrow at man, steed, or elephant of gigantic size. 61
Like the thunder-wielding Indra striking down the Baityas,
Arjuna, alone, entering that division of mighty car- warriors,
destroyed it with shafts of diverse forms." 62



Section XXV.

"Sanjaya said,— 'Dhananjaya, with his Gandiva, frustrated
the purpose of those unreturning heroes struggling in battle
and striking their foes. 1 The shafts shot by Arjuna, irresistible
and endued with great force and whose touch was like that of
the thunder, were seen to resemble torrents of rain poured by
a cloud.* That army, O chief of the Bharatas, thus struck
by Kiritin, fled away in the very sight of thy son. 8 Some
deserted their sires and brothers ; others, their comrades. Some
car-warriors were deprived of their animals. Others lost their
drivers. Some had their poles or yokes or wheels broken, O
king !* The arrows of some were exhausted. Some were seen
afflicted with arrows. Some, though unwounded, fled in a body,

* The Bombay edition reads the first half of the second line of 51
differently,— T.



Parva.] calya parva, 93

afflicted with fear." Some endeavoured to rescue their sons,
having lost all their kinsmen and animals. Some loudly called
upon their sires, some upon their comrades and followers.'
Some fled, deserting their kinsmen, tiger among men, and
brothers and other relatives, monarch ! 7 Many mighty car-
warriors, struck with Piirtha's shafts and deeply pierced there-
with, were seen to breatho hard, deprived of their senses.'
Others, taking them up on their own cars, and soothing them
for a while, and resting them and dispelling their thirst by
offering them drink, once more proceeded to battle. 9 Some,
incapable of being easily defeated in battle, deserting the
wounded, once more advanced to battle, desirous of obeying
the behests of thy son. 10 Some, having slaked their thirst
or groomed their animals, and some, wearing (fresh) armour,
O chief of the Bharatas, 11 and some, having comforted their
brothers and sons and sires, and placed them in camp, once
more came to battle. 18 Some, arraying their cars in the order,
O king, of superiors and inferiors, advanced against the Pan-
davas once more for battle. 18 Those heroes, (on their cars)
covered with rows of bells, looked resplendent like Daityas
and Danavas intent on the conquest of the three world*. 14
Some, advancing with precipitancy on their vehicles decked with
gold, fought with Dhrishtadyumna amid the Pandava divi-
sions. 15 The Piinchala prince Dhrishtadyumna, and the great
car-warrior Cikhandin, and Catanika the son of Nakula, fought
with the car-force of the enemy. 16 The Piinchala prince then,
filled with rage and supported by a large army, rushed against
thy angry troops from desire of slaying them. 17 Then thy
son, O ruler of men, sped many showers of arrows, Bha-
rata, at the Piinchala prince thus rushing at him. 18 Then, O
king, Dhrishtadyumna was quickly pierced with many arrows
in his arms and cheat by thy son fighting with his bow. 19
Deeply pierced therewith like an elephant with pointed lances,
that great bowman then despatched with his shafts the four
steeds of Duryodhana to the regions of death. With another
broad-headed arrow he next cut off from his trunk the head
of his enemy's driver. 4 * Then that chastiacr of foes, viz., kinj$
Duryodhana, having thus lost his car, rode on horseback and



9G mahabiiarata. [palya-badhd

retreated to a spot not remote. 81 Beholding his own army
destitute of prowess, thy son, the mighty Duryodhana, king,
proceeded to the place where Suvala's son was. 82 When the
Kaurava cars were broken, three thousand gigantic elephants
encompassed those car-warriors, viz., the five Pandavas. 88 En-
compassed by that elephant force, Bharata, the five brothers
looked beautiful, O tiger among men, like the planets surround-
ed by the clouds. 84 Then the mighty-armed and white-steeded
Arjuna, king, of sureness of aim and having Krishna for
his driver, advanced on his car. 85 Surrounded by those ele-
phants huge as hills, he began to destroy those animals with
his keen and polished arrows. 86 Each slain with a single arrow,
wo beheld those huge elephants fallen or falling down, mangled
by Savyasachin. 87 The mighty Bhimasena, himself like an
infuriate elephant, beholding those elephants, took up his for-
midable mace and rushed at them, quickly jumping down from
his car, like the Destroyer armed with his club. 88 Seeing that
great car-warrior of the Pandavas with uplifted mace, thy
soldiers became filled with fright and passed urine and excreta.
The whole army became agitated upon beholding Bhimasena
armed with mace. 89 We then beheld those elephants, huge as
hills, running hither and thither, with their frontal globes split
open by Bhima with his mace and all their limbs bathed in
blood. 80 Struck with Bhima's mace, those elephants, running
off from him, fell down with cries of pain, like wingless moun-
tains. 81 Beholding those elephants, many in number, with
their frontal globes split open, running hither and thither or
falling down, thy soldiers wore inspired with fear. 82 Then
Yudhisht-hira also, filled with wrath, and the two sons of
Madri, began to slay those elephant-warriors with arrows equipt
with vulturine wings. 88 Dhrishtadyumna, after the defeat of
the (Kurti) king in battle, and after the flight of the latter
from that spot on horse-back, saw that the Pandavas had all
been surrounded by the (Kaurava) elephants. 84 Beholding this, .
O monarch, Dhrishtadyumna the son of the Panchala king
proceeded towards those elephants, from desire of slaughtering
them. 3 * Meanwhile, not seeing Duryodhana in the midst of
the car-force, A<;waHhiimau and Kripa, and Kritavarman of



Parva.] calva parva. y7

the Satwata race, asked all the Kshatriyas thorn, Baying, —
Where has Duryodhana gone ? 38 — Not seeing the king in the
midst of that carnage, those great car-warriors all thought)
thy son to have been slain. Hence, with sorrowful faces,
they enquired after him." Some persons told them that
after the fall of his driver, he had gone to Suvala'a son.* 5
Other Kshatriyas, present there, who had been exceedingly
mangled with wounds, said, — What need is there with Duryo-
dhana ? See, if he is yet alive ! Do you all fight unitedly !
What will the king do to you ? 19 — Other Kshatriyas, who
were exceedingly mangled, who had lost many of their kins-
men, and who were still being afflicted with the arrows of the
enemy, said these words in indistinct tones. 40 — Let us slay
these forces by whom we are encompassed ! Behold, the
Pandavas are coming hither, after having slain the elephants ! 41
— Hearing these words of theirs, the mighty Acwatthaman,
piercing through that irresistible force of the Panchala king, 4 *
proceeded, with Kripa and Kritavarman, to the spot where
Suvala's son was. Indeed, those heroes, those firm bowmen,
leaving the car-force, repaired (in search of Duryodhana). 48
After they had gone away, the Pandavas, headed by Dhrishta-
dyumna, advanced, O king, and began to slay their enemies. 4 *
Beholding those valiant and heroic and mighty car-warriors
cheerfully rushing towards them, thy troops, amongst whom
the faces of many had turned pale, became hopeless of their
lives. 4 ' Seeing those soldiers of ours almost deprived cf wea-
pons and surrounded (by the foe), I myself, king, having
only two kinds of forces, and becoming reckless of life, 46 joined
the five leaders of our army, and fought with the forces of
the Panchala prince, posting our men on that spot whero
Ciradwat's son was stationed. 47 We had been ahHicted with the
shafts of Kiritin. Nevertheless, a fierce battle took place be-
tween us and the division of Dhrishtadyumna. At last, van-
quished by the latter, allot" us retreated from that encounter. 4 *
I then beheld the mighty car-warrior Satyaki rushing against
us. With four hundred cars that hero pursued me in battle. 4 '
Having escaped with difficulty from Dhrishtadyumna whoso
steeds had been tired, I fell among the forces of Madhavs even
13



98 mahabharata, [£alya-badha

as a sinner falleth into hell. There a fierce and terrible battle
took place for a short while. 80 The mighty-armed Sasaki,
having cut off my armour, became desirous of taking me alive.
He seized me while I lay down on the ground insensible. 51
Then within a siiort while that elephant force was destroyed
by Bhimasena with his mace and Arjuna with his arrows. 68
In consequence of those mighty elephants, huge as hills, falling
•down on every side with crushed limbs, the Pandava warriors
-found their way almost entirely blocked up." Then the mighty
Bhimasena, O monarch, dragging away those huge elephants,
made a way for the Pandavas to come out.'* Meanwhile
Acwatthanran and Kripa and Kritavarman of the Satwata race,
not seeing that chastiser of foes, viz., Duryodhana, amid the
■car-division, sought for thy royal son. 68 Abandoning the prince
of the Panchalas, they proceeded to the spot where Suvala's
•son was, anxious to have a sight of the king during that
'terrible carnage.'" 86



Section XXVI.

"Sanjaya said, — 'After that elephant division had been
destroyed, O Bharata, by the son of Panda, and while thy
army was being thus slaughtered by Bhimasena in battle, 1
beholding the latter, — that chastiser of foes, — careering like the
all-killing Destroyer himself in rage armed with his club," the
remnant of thy unslaughtered sons, those uterine brothers,
O king, united together at that time when he of Kuril's race,
viz., thy son Bury odhana, could not be seen, and rushed against
[Bhimasena. 8 They were Durmarshana and Crutanta and Jaitra
and Bhurivala and Ravi, and Jayatsena and Sujata and that



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