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(Hrada-pravega Parva).

"Sanjaya said, — 'After this, the followers of Suvala's son,
O monarch, became filled with rage. Frepared to lay down
their lives in that dreadful battle, they began to resist the
Pandavas. 1 Resolved to aid Sahadeva in his victory, Arjuna,
as also Bhimasena possessed of great energy and resembling an
angry snake of virulent poison in aspect, received those war-
riors.* With his Gandiva, Dhananjaya baffled the purpose of
those warriors who, armed with darts and swords and lances,
desired to slay Sahadeva. 5 Vibhatsu, with his bn.ad-headed
arrows, cut off the steeds, the heads, and the arms, with
weapons in grasp, of those rushing combatants. 4 The steeds
of those foremost of heroes endued with activiy, struck by
Savyasachin, fell down on the Earth, deprived of their lives.'
King Duryodhana, beholding that carnage of his own troops,
O lord, became filled with rage. Assembling together the
remnant of his cars which still numborcd many hundreds, 6 a
abo his elephants and horse and foot, scorcher of foes, thy



lid mahabiiarata. [Hrada-pravega

son said these words unto those warriors, 7 — Encountering all
the Pandavas with their friends and allies, in this battle, and
the prince of Panchala also with his own troops, and slaying
them quickly, turn back from the fight ! 8 — Respectfully accept-
ing that command of his, those warriors, difficult of defeat in
battle, proceeded once more against the Parthas in that battle,
at the behest of thy son. 9 The Pandavas, however, covered
with their arrows resembling snakes of virulent poison alb
those warriors, forming the remnant of the Kaurava army,
that thus rushed quickly against them in that dreadful battle. 10
That army, chief of the Bharatas, as it came to battle,
was in a moment exterminated by those high-souled warriors,'
for it failed to obtain a protector. 11 In consequence of the
(Kaurava) steeds running hither and thither that were all
covered with the dust raised by the army, the cardinal and tha
subsidiary points of the compass could not be distinguished. 1 *
Many warriors, issuing out of the Pandava array, O Bharata,
slew thy troops in a moment in that battle. 13 Eleven Akshau-
hinis, Bharata, of troops had been assembled for thy son !
All those, O lord, were slain by the Pandus and the Srin-
jayas ! u Amongst those thousands upon thousands of high-
souled kings on thy side, only Duryodhana now, monarch,
exceedingly wounded, was seen to be alive ! 1S Casting his eyes
on all sides and seeing the Earth empty, himself destitute of
all his troops while the Pandavas, filled Avith joy in that battle,
were roaring aloud in consequence of the accomplishment of all
their objects, Duryodhana, monarch, unable to endure the
whiz of the shafts shot by those high-souled heroes, became
stupified ! Destitute of troops and animals, he set his heart
on retreat from the field.' 16 " 18

"Dhritarashtra said, — 'When my troops were slain and our-
camp made entirely empty, what was the strength, O Suta,
of the troops that still remained to the Pandavas ? I desire to
know this. Therefore, tell me, Sanjaya, for thou art skilled
(in narration) ! 15 Tell me also, O Sanjaya, that which was
done by my son, the wicked Duryodhana, that lord of the
Earth, the sole survivor of so many men. when he saw his
army exterminated !''°



Pavva.] TaLYA PARVA, 111

"Sanjaya continued,— Two thousand cars, sevon hundred
elephants, five thousand horse, and ten thousand foot, 8 ' — this
was the remnant, O monarch, of the mighty host of the
Pandavas! Taking care of this force, Dhrishtadyumna waited
in that battle. 2 * Meanwhile, chief of the Bharatas, king
Duryodhana, that foremost of car-warriors, saw not in that
battle a single warrior on his side." 3 Beholding his enemies
roaring aloud and witnessing the extermination of his own army,
that lord of Earth, monarch, viz.. Duryodhana, without a com-
panion, abandoned his slain steed, and fled from the field with
face turned eastwards." That lord of eleven Ahliauhinis, viz.,
thy son Duryodhana, of great energy, taking up his mace, fled
on foot towards a lake. 24 Before he had proceeded far on foot,
the king recalled the words of the intelligent and virtuous
Vidura. 26 — Without doubt, this had been foreseen by Vidura
of great wisdom, viz., this great carnage of Kshatriyas and
of ourselves in battle !"— Reflecting on this, the king, with
heart burning in grief at having witnessed the extermina-
tion of his army, desired to penetrate into the depths of that
lake. 28 The Pandavas, monarch, with Dhrishtadyumna at
their head, filled with rage, O king, rushed against (the small
remnant of) thy army. 23 With his Gdndiva, Dhananjaya
baffled the purpose of the (Kaurava) troops, who, armed with
darts and swords and lances, were uttering loud roars.- Hav-
ing, with his sharp shafts, slain those troops with their allies
and kinsmen, Arjuna, as he stood on his car having white
steeds yoked unto it, looked exceedingly beautiful. 81 Upon
the fall of Suvala's son along with horse, cars, and elephants,
thy army looked like a large forest laid low (by the wind)."
In Duryudhaua's army then, monarch, which had numbered
many hundred thousands of warriors, not another great car-
warrior was seen to be alive, 13 save tho heroic son of Dronaj
and Kritavarman, and Kripa the son of Gotama, O monarch,
and that lord of Earth, viz., thy bon ! s * Dhrishtadyumna,
seeing mo, laughingly addressed Satyaki, saying, — What is the
use of seizing this oue ? Nothing will be gained by keeping
him alive. 3 * — Hearing these words of Dhrishtadyumna, the
g randson of Cini, thai great oar-warrior, uplifting his sharp



112 mahabharata, [Hrada-pravegSi

sword, prepared to slay me. 56 Just at that juncture, the Island-
born Krishna of great wisdom, (viz., Vyasa), coming there, said,
— Let Sanjaya be dismissed alive ! By no means should he be
slain '"—Hearing these words of the Island-born, the grandson
of Cini joined his hands, and then, setting me free, said unto
me, — Peace to thee, O Sanjaya, thou mayst go hence ! 88 — Per-
mitted by him, myself then, putting off my armour and mak-
ing over my weapons, set out on the evening on the road lead-
ing to the city, my limbs bathed in blood. 39 After I had come
about two miles, O monarch, I beheld Duryodhana, standing
alone, mace in hand, and exceedingly mangled. 40 His eyes were
full of tears and, therefore, he could not see me. I stood
cheerlessly before him. He looked accordingly at me without
recognising me. 41 Beholding him standing alone on the field
and indulging in grief, I also, overwhelmed with sorrow, suc-
ceeded not for a little while to speak a single word. 42 Then I
said unto him everything about my own capture and my release
through the grace of the Island-born. 43 Having reflected for a
moment, and regained his senses, he enquired of me after his
brothers and his troops. 44 I had seen everything with my eyes
and, therefore, told him everything, viz., that his brothers had
all been slain and that all his troops had been exterminated. 45
I told the king that we had at that time only three car-warriors
left alive, for the Island-born had said so unto me when I set
out (from the place where the Pandavas were). 46 Drawing deep
breaths and looking repeatedly at me, thy son touched me with
his hand and said, 47 — Except thee, Sanjaya, there is none
else that liveth, amongst those engaged in this battle ! I do not
see another (on my side), while the Pandavas have their allies
living ! 13 S.iy, O Sanjaya, unto that lord, viz., the blind king
Dhritarashtra, that his son Duryodhana hath entered the depths
of a lake ! 49 Destitute of friends such as those (I lately had),
deprived of sons and brothers, and seeing his kingdom taken
by the Pandavas, who is there like me that would desire to
live ?*° Say all this unto the king and tell him further that I
have escaped with life from that dreadful battle, and that, alive,
though exceedingly wounded, I shall rest within the depths
of this lake : 81 — Having said these words unto me, monarch,.



FitVVa.] CAI.VA PAR74. 112

the king entered that lake. That ruler of men, by his power
of illusion, then charmed the waters of that lake, making a
space for him within them." After he had entered that lake,
myself, without anybody on my side, saw those three car-
warriors (<>f our army) coming together to that spot with their
tired animals." They were Kripa the son uf Caradwat, and
the heroic Acwatthaman, that foremost of car-warriors, and
Kritavarman of Bhoja's race. Mangled with shafts, all of
them came together to that spot. 5 * Beholding me, they all
urged their steeds to greator speed and coming up to me,
said, — By good luck, Sanjaya, thou livest yet !" — All of
them then enquired after thv son, that ruler of men, saving. — •
Is our king Duryodhana still alive, Sanjaya ni — I then told
them that the king was well in body. I also told them every-
thing that Duryodhana had said unto me. I also pointed out
to them the lake that the king had entered. 87 Then Acwat-
thaman, king, having heard those words from me, cast his
eyes on that extensive lake and began to wail in grief, saying. 88
— Alas, Alas, the king knew not that we are still alive ! With
him amongst us, we are still quite able to fight with our
foes ! S5 — Those mighty car-warriors, having wept there for a
long time, tied away at sight of the sons of Pandu. 60 Those
three car-warriors that formed the remnant of our army took
me up on the well-adorned car of Kripa and then proceeded
to the Kuru camp. 6 ' The Sun had set a little before. The
troops forming the outposts of the camp, learning that all
thy sons had been slain, wept aloud." Then, monarch,
the old men that had been appointed to look after the ladies
of the royal household, proceeded towards the city, taking
the princesses after them.' 8 Loud were the wails uttered by
those crying and weeping ladies when they heard of the des-
truction of the whole army. 1 * The women, king, crying
tcoaselessly, caused the Earth to resound with their voices like
a flight of she-ospreys. 6J They tore their bodies with their
I nails and struck their heads with their hands, and untied their
rbraids, indulging all the while in loud cries.' 5 Filling the air
j.with sounds such as Oh and Alas, and beating thoir breasts,
; Ithey cried aloud and wept and uttered led shrieks, mon-
15



11* mahabharata. [Hrada-pravega

arch ! 67 Then the friends of Duryodhana, deeply afflicted and
made voiceless by their tears, set ont for the city, taking the
ladies of the royal household with them. 58 The camp-guards
quickly fled towards the city, taking with them many white
beds overlaid with costly coverlets. 69 Others, placing their
wives on cars drawn by mules, proceeded towards the city. 70
Those ladies, O monarch, who while in their houses could not
be seen by the very Sun, were now, as they proceeded towards
the city, exposed to the gaze of the common people. 71 Those
women, O chief of Bharata's race, who were very delicate,
now proceeded with speed towards the city, having lost their
near ones and kinsmen. 73 The very cowherds and shepherds
and common men, filled with panic and afflicted with the fear
of Bhimasena, fled towards the city. 73 Even these were filled
with a crreat fear of the Parthas. Looking at one another, all
of them fled towards the city. 74 During the progress of that
goneral flight attended with such circumstances of fear, Yuyut-
sn, deprived of his senses by grief, thought upon what he should
do in view of the emergency that had come. 7 * — Duryodhana
hath been vanquished in battle by the Pandavas of terrible
prowess ! He had eleven Akshauhinis of troops under him I
All his brothers have been slain ! 76 All the Kauravas, headed
by Bhishma and Drona, have perished ! Through the influence
of Destiny, only I have been saved ! 77 All those that were
in the Kurti camp have fled ! Alas, they are flying on all
sides, deprived of energy and destitute of .protectors! 78 Such
a sight had never been seen before ! Afflicted with sorrow,
with eyes anxious in fear, they are flying away on all sides like
a herd of deer, looking at one another ! 79 Those amongst the
counsellors of Duryodhana that are yet alive have fled towards
the city, taking with them the ladies of the royal household I 80
I think, lord, that the time hath come when I also should
enter the city with them, after taking the permission of.
Yudhishthira and Vasudeva! — For this purpose that mighty-
armed prince presented himself before both those heroes. 81
King Yudhishthira, who is always compassionate, became
highly pleased with him. The mighty-armed Pandava embraced
tkut child of a Yaicya mother and dismissed him affectionately. 8 *






Parva:] calya parva. rf5

Riding upon his own car, he urged his steeds to great speed. IIo
then supervised the removal of the ladies of the royal house-
hold to the city. 83 The Sun was setting. With those ladies,
Yuyutsu entered the city of Hastinfipura, with tearful eyes and
with voice choked in grief. 84 He then saw Vidura of great
wisdom, sitting with tearful eyes. He had come away from
Dhritarashtra, his heart having been afflicted with great sor-
row. 3 ' Bowing down unto Vidura, he stood before him. De-
voted to truth, Vidura addressed him, saying, — By good luck,
O son, thou livest amid this general destruction of the Kurus ! 68
Why, however, hast thou come without king Duryodhana
in thy company? Tell me in detail the cause of this ! 87 —
Yuyutsu then said,— After the fall of Cakuni, sire, with all
his kinsmen and friends, king Duryodhana, abandoning the
steed he rode, fled away in fear towards the east. 88 After the
king had fled away, all the people in the (Kaurava) encamp-
ment, agitated with fear, fled towards the city. 89 Then the'
protectors of the ladies, placing the wives of the king, as al£o
those of his brothers, on vehicles, fled away in fear. 50 Obtain-
ing the permission of king Yudhishthira and Kecava, I' set
out for Hastinapura, for protecting the people thus flying
away ! 91 — Hearing these words spoken by the son of Dhrishta-
rashtra's Vaicya wife, Vidura of immeasurable soul, conver-
sant with every usage and feeling what was proper at that
hour, applauded the eloquent Yuyutsu. 94 And he said, — Thou
hast acted properly, having regard for what has come, in view
of this destruction of all the Bharatas of which thou art
speaking ! Thou hast also, from compassion, maintained the
honor of thy race ! 9S By good luck we behold thee come back
with life from this terrible battle that is so destructive of
heroes, like creatures beholding the Sun possessed of blazing
glory ! 9 * Thou, O son, art now in every way the sole staff of
the blind monarch bereft of foresight, afflicted with calamity,
struck by Destiny, and who, though repeatedly dissuaded,
could not abstain from pursuing his evil policy ? 6 Take rest
here for this day ! Tomorrow thou mayst return to Yudhish-
thira ! — Having said these words, Vidura, with tearful eyes, 3 '
took leave of Yuvutsu and entered the abode of the king,



116 mahabharata. [Ilrada-prave^a

which resounded with cries of Oh and Alas uttered by citizens
and villagers afflicted with woe. 37 The cheerless mansion
seemed to have lost all its beauty ; comfort and happiness
seemed to have deserted it. It was all empty and pervaded by
disorder. Already filled with sorrow, Vidura's grief increased
at that sight. 98 Conversant with every duty, Vidura, with a
sorrowful heart, entered the palace, drawing deep breaths."
As regards Yuyutsu, he passed that night in his own abode.
Afflicted with woe, he failed to obtain any joy at the panegyrics
with which he was greeted. He passed the time, thinking
of the terrible destruction of the Bharatas at one another's
hands.' " l0 °



Section



XX



"Dhritarashtra said, — 'After all the Kaurava troops had
been slain by the sons of Pandu on the field of battle, what
did those survivors of my army, viz., Kritavarman and Kripa
and the valiant son of Drona do ? What also did the wicked-
souled king Duryodhana then do ?' 1 " 2

"Sanjaya said, — 'After the flight of the ladies of those,
high-souled Kshatriyas, and after the (Kaurava) camp had
become entirely empty, the three car- warriors (thou hast men-
tioned) became filled with anxiety. 8 Hearing the shouts of
the victorious sons of Pandu, and beholding the camp deserted
towards the evening, those three warriors of our side, desirous
of rescuing the king, and unable to stay on the field, pro-
ceeded towards the lake.* Yudhishthira, of virtuous soul, with
his brothers in that battle, felt great joy and wandered over
the field from desire of slaying Duryodhana.* Filled with
wrath, the Panda vas, desirous of victory, searched for thy son.
Though, however, they looked very carefully for him, they
failed to discover the (Kuru) king. 6 Mace in hand, he had fled
with great speed from the field of battle and penetrated into
that lake, having, by the aid of his powers of illusion, solidi-
fied its waters. 7 When at last the animals of the Pandavas
became very uruch tired, the latter proceeded to their camp



Farva.] cai.va pahva. 117

and rested there with their soldiers.* After the Pilrthas had
retired to thoir camp, Kripa and Drona's son and Kritavarman
of the Sabwata race, slowly proceeded towards that lake.'
Approaching the lake within which lay the king, they ad-
dressed that invincible ruler of men asleep within the water,
saying, 10 — Arise, O king, and fight with us against Yudhish-
thira ! Either obtaining victory enjoy the Earth, or, slain,
proceed to heaven I" The forces of the Pandavas also, O
Duryodhana, have all been slain by thee ' Those amongst
them that are yet alive have been exceedingly mangled ! ia
They will not be able, O monarch, to bear thy impetuosity,
especially when thou shalt b: protected by us ! Arise, there-
fore, O Bharata'. 13 —

"'Duryodhana said, — By good luck, I sec you, ye bulls
among men, come back with life from this destructive battle
between the Pandavas and the Kauravas ! 14 After we have
rested awhile and dispelled our fatigue, we shall encounter the
enemy and conquer him ! Ye also are tired and I myself am
exceedingly mangled ! The army of the Pandavas is swelling
with might ! For these reasons I do not like to fight now !'*
These exhortations on your part, ye heroes, are not at all
wonderful, for your hearts are noble ! Your devotion also to
me is great ! This, however, is not the time for prowess ! M
Resting for this one night I shall, on the morrow, join you and
fight with the foe ! In this there is no doubt ! — M7

"Sanjaya continued, — 'Thus addressed, the son of Drona
replied unto the king, who was invincible in battle, saying, —
Arise, O king, blessed be thou, we shall yet vanquish the foe !'•
I swear by all my religious acts, by all the gifts I have made,
by truth itself, and my silent meditations, O king, that I shall
today slay the Somakas M9 Let mo not obtain the delight
resulting from the performance of sacrifices, that delight which
is felt by all pious men, if this night passes away without my
slaying the Pandavas in battle !"° Without slaving all the
Panchalas, I will not, O lord, put off my armour ! I tell thee
this truly. Believe me, O ruler of men " , — Whilo they were
thus conversing, a number of hunters came there. Fatigued
¥ ith the weight, of meat they carried, thev came there, not



118 mahabharata. [Hrada-pravsga

of any set purpose, for slaking their thirst. 28 Those huntsmen>
O lord, used every day, to procure, with great regard, bas-
ketsful of meat for Bhimasena, O king ! 28 As they sat con-
cealed on the banks of that lake, those men heard every word
of that conversation between Duryodhana and those warriors. 2 *
Finding the Kuru king unwilling to fight, those great bowmen,
themselves desirous of battle, began to urge him greatly to
adopt their counsels." 5 Seeing those car-warriors of the Kau-
rava army, and understanding that the king unwilling to
fight was staying within the waters 86 and hearing that con-
versation between those heroes and their master staying within
the depths of the lake, — indeed, monarch, the huntsmen,
clearly perceiving that it was Duryodhana who was staying
within the lake, formed a resolution. 27 A little while before,
the son of Pandu, while searching for the king, had met those
men and asked them the whereabouts of Duryodhana. 28 Re-
collecting the words that the son of Pandu had said, those
hunters, O king, whisperingly said unto one another, 29 — We will
discover Duryodhana (unto the Pandavas) ! The son of Pandu
will then give us wealth ! It is evident to us that the cele-
brated king Duryodhana is here ! 80 Let us then, all of us, pro-
ceed to the spot where king Yudhisthira is, for telling him that
the vindictive Duryodhana is concealed within the waters of
this lake ' 3l Let us also, all of us, inform that great bowman,
viz., the intelligent Bhimasena, that the son of Dhritarashtra is
concealed here within the waters of this lake ! 3 » Gratified with
us, he will give us much wealth ! What need of fatiguing our-
selves, day after day, with procuring meat and weakening our-
selves with such toil ? 8S — Having said these words, those hunts-
men, filled with joy and longing for wealth, took up their
baskets of meat and proceeded towards the (Pandava) camp. 8 *
Possessed of sure aim and skilled in smiting, the Pandavas,
O monarch, not seeing in battle Duryodhana who was then
concealed, (were resting in their camp). 3 ' Desirous of reaching
the end of that sinful wight's evil policy, they had despatched
spies in all directions on the field of battle. 36 All the soldiers,
however, that had been despatched on that mission, returned to
the camp together and informed king Yudhishthira the just that



Farva.] calya tarya, 119

no trace could be found of king Duryodhana. 87 Hearing these
words of the returned messengers, O bull of Bharata's race,
king Yudhishthira becamo filled with great anxiety and began
to breathe heavily. 83 While the Piindavas, O bull of Bharata's
race, were staying in such cheerlessness, those huntsmen, O
lord, having come with great speed from the banks of that
lake, 39 arrived at the camp, filled with joy at having discovered
Duryodhana. Though forbidden, they still entered the camp,
in the very sight of Bhimasena. 40 Having approached that
mighty son of Pandu, viz., Bhimasena, they represented every-
thing unto him about what they had seen and heard. 41 Then
Vrikodara, that scorcher of foes, O king, giving them much
wealth, represented everything unto king Yudhishthira th«
the just, saying, 43 — Duryodhana, king, hath been 'dkcovered
by the huntsmen that supply me with meat ! He, O king, for
whom thou grievest, now lies within a lake whose waters have
been solidified by him ! 4S — Hearing these agreeable words of
Bhimasena, monarch, Kunti's son Ajataeatru became, with
all his brothers, filled with joy. 44 Having learnt that the
mighty bowman Duryodhana had penetrated into the waters of
a lake, the king proceeded thither with great speed, with Janard-
dana at his head. 45 Then a tumultuous noise arose, O monarch,
from amone: the Pandavas and the Panchalas all of whom wero
filled with joy. 46 The warriors uttered leonine roars, O bull
of Bharata's race, and shouted loudly. All the Kshatriyas
O king, proceeded with great speed towards that lake called
Dwaipdyana.* 7 The rejoicing Somakas all around loudly and
repeatedly exclaimed, — The sinful son of Dhrilarashtra has
been found . ,4S — The noise made by the cars of those impetu-
ous warriors who proceeded with great speed, became very
loud, monarch, an<J touched the heavens. 49 Although their
animals were tired, all of them still proceeded with speed be-
hind king Yudhishthira who was bent upon finding out Duryo-
dhana. 50 Arjiina, and Bhimasena, and the two sons of Madri
by Pandu, and the Panchilla prinee Dhrishtadyumna, and tho
Unvanquished Cikshandin, 81 and Uttamaujas, and Yudhamanvu,
and the mighty car-warrior Satyaki, and the (five) sons of
thraupadi, and thos-c amongst tbc Panchalas, king, that



120 mahabharata, [II vada-pravecoC

were yet alive, and all the Pandavas, and all their elephants,
and foot-soldiers by hundreds upon hundreds, all proceeded with
Yudhishthira." Possessed of great valour, king Yudhishthira
the just, O monarch, arrived at the lake known by the name
of Dwaipayana within which Duryodhana then was. Wide as



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