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the ocean itself, its aspect was agreeable and its waters were
cool and transparent. 58 Solidifying the waters by means of his
power of illusion, — by, indeed, a wonderful method, — thy son
Duryodhana, O Bharata, happened to be within that lake.* 4.
Indeed, within those waters lay, O lord, that king, armed
with his mace, who, O ruler of men, could not be van-
quished by any man ! ss Staying within the waters of that
lake, king Duryodhana heard that tumultuous noise (of the
Pandava army) which resembled the very roar of the clouds.*'
Yudhishthira then, king, with his brothers, repaired to that
lake from desire of slaying Duryodhana." Raising a thick
dust, the son of Pandu caused the Earth to tremble with the
sound of his car-wheels and the loud blare of his conch."
Hearing the noise made by the army of Yudhishthira, those
great car- warriors, viz., Kritavarman and Kripa and the son
of Drona, said these words unto the Kuru king :* 9 — Filled
with joy and longing for victory, the Pandavas are com-
ing hither ! We will, therefore, leave this place. Let it be
known to thee ! 60 — Hearing those words of these heroes en-
dued with great activity, he answered them, saying, — So be it I
— and remained (as before) within the waters, having, O lord,
solidified them by his powers of illusion. 61 Those car-warriors
headed by Kripa, filled with grief, took leave of the king,
monarch, and went away to a place far removed from that
spot." Having proceeded far, they beheld a banian, sire,
under whose shade they stopped, greatly tired, and exceedingly
anxious about the king and indulging in such thoughts as
these." — The mighty son of Dhritarashtra, having solidified
the waters of the lake, lay stretched at the bottom. The
Pandavas have reached that spot, from desire of battle.**
H >w will the battle take place ? What will become of the
king ? How will the Pandavas find out the Kuru king ?"—
Thinking of these things, king, those heroes, viz., Kripa and

Parva.] CaLYa PARVA, 121

the other?, liberated their horses from their cars and prepared
to rest there for some time.' " 68

S«( TION \ \ XI.

"Sanjaya said, — 'After those three car- warriors had left thaft
spit, the Pandavas arrived at that lake within which Duryo-
dhana was resting himself. 1 Having reached the banks of the
Dwaipayana lake, chief of Kuril's race, they beheld that;
receptacle of waters enchanted by thy son. Then Yndhishthira,
addressing Vasudeva, said, 2 — Behold, the son of Dhritarashtra
hath applied his power of illusion to these waters ! Having
enchanted the waters, he lieth within them. He can have now
no fear (of injury) from man ! s Having invoked a celestial
illusion, he is now within the waters ! By an act of deception,
that wight conversant with every deception hath sought this
refuge ! He shall not, however, escape me with life !* Even if
the wielder of the thunder-bolt himself aid him in battle,
people, Madhava, shall yet behold him slain today! 5 —

" 'Vasudeva said, — With thy own powers of illusion, O
Bhiirata, destroy this illusion of Duryodhana who is an adept:
in it ! One conversant with illusion should be slain with illu-
sion ! This is the truth, Yndhishthira ! 6 With acts and
means and applying thy power of illusion to these waters, slay,
O chief of the Bharatas, this Suyodhana who is the very soul
of illusion ! 7 With acts and means Indra himself slew the
Daityas and tho Dcinavas ? Vali himself was bound by thati
high-sniled one, (viz., Upendra), with the aid of many acts
ami means I s The great Asiir<t Eiranyaksha, as also thafr
other one, viz., Hiranyakacipu, was slain by the aid of many
acts and moans. Without doubt, O king, Vritra also was slain
by the aid of acts ! 9 Similarly was the Rdkshasa Havana
of Pulastya's race, with his relatives and followers, slain by
Rama ! Relying upon acts and contrivances, do thou also
display thy prowess !'• Those two ancient Daityds, viz.,
Taraka, and Viprachitti of great energy, were in ancient times,
O king, slain by the aid of acts and means I 11 Similarly VatSpi
and Ilwala, and Tri<;ira^, lord, and the Asaras Sunda and


MATI A BHARATA, [Ui'ddu-prave^i

(/pasunda, were all slain by the aid of means ! 12 Indra him-
self enjoys heaven by the aid of acts and means ! Acts are
very efficacious, king, and nothing else is so, O Yudhish-
thira ! 13 Daityas and Dclnavas and Rdkshasas and kings have
been slain by the aid of acts and means. Do thou take, there-
fore, the help of acts ! — ■''*

"Sanjaya continued, — 'Thus addressed by Vasudeva, Pan-
d'l's son of rigid vows, smiling the while, addressed, O mon-
arch, thy son of great might, who, Bharata, was then
within the waters of that lake, saying, 18 — Why, Suyodhana,
hast thou done so these waters, after having caused all the
Kshatriyas to perish and after having, O king, caused thy own
race to be annihilated ? 16 Why hast thou entered into this
lake today, wishing to save thy own life ? Arise, O king, and
fight us, O Suyodhana ! 17 Where, foremost of men, hath
that pride and that sense of honor which thou hadst now
gone, since, O king, thou hast enchanted these waters and art
now lying within them ? 18 All men speak of thee in assemblies
as a hero. All that, however, is entirely untrue, I think,
since thou art now concealed within these waters ! ia Arise,
O king, and fight, for thou art a Kshatriya born of a noble
race ! Thou art a Kauraveya in particular ! Remember thy
birth ,2 ° How canst thou boast of thy birth in Kuril's race
when thou concealest thyself within the depths of this lake,
having fled away from battle in fear ? 21 This is not tho
eternal duty of a Kshatriya, viz., staying away from battle !
Flight from battle, O king, is not the practice of those that arc
honorable, nor does it lead to heaven !*■ How is it that with-
out having attained to the end of this war, inspired though
thou wert with the desire of victory, thou stayest now within
this lake, after having caused and witnessed the slaughter of
thy sons and brothers and sires and relatives and friends and
maternal uncles and kinsmen ?* s - a * Ever boastful of thy cour-
age, thou art, however, not a hero! Falsely dost thou describe
thyself, O Bharata, when thou savst in the hearing of all men
that thou art a hero, thou of wicked understanding ! 2S They
that are heroes never fly away at sight of foes ! Or, tell us,
*Q hero, about (the nature of ) that courage in consequence of

FarvaJ. t&LYA PA«Y#{ ftflS

which thou hast fled from battle : 25 Arise, O prince, and fight,
casting off thy fears ! Having caused all thy troops and thy

brothers to be slain, Suyodhana," thou shouldst not, if thou
art inspired with righteous motives, think now of saving thy
life! One like thee, O Suyodhana, that has adopted Kshatriyar
duties, should not act in this way ! 28 Relying upon Kama, as
also upon Cakuni the son of Suvala, thou hadst regarded thyself
immortal and hadst, from folly, failed to understand thy own
self! 89 Having perpetrated such grievous sin, fight now, ()
Bharata ! How is it that flight from battle recommends itself
to one like thee ? Surely, thou forgcttest thyself ! 30 Where is
that manliness of thine, sire, and where, Suyodhana, is
that pride cherished by thee ? Where hath that prowess oil
thine now gone and where also that swelling and great energy*
which thou hadst ? S1 Where is that accomplishment of thine
in weapons ? Why dost thou lie within this lake now? Arisej
O Bharata, and fight, observing the duties of a Kshatriya!"
Either rule the wide Earth after vanquishing us, or sleep, O
Bharata, on the bare ground, slain by us ! 33 Even this is thy.
highest duty, as laid down by the illustrious Creator himself!
Act as it has been laid down truly in the scriptures, and be a-
king, O great car- warrior ! 3 * — '

"Sanjaya continued, — 'Thus addressed, monarch, by tho-
intelligent son of Dharma, thy son answered him from within
the waters in these words/ 5

" 'Duryodhana said, — It is not at all a matter of surprise,
O king, that fear should enter the hearts of living creatures.
As regards myself, however, O Bharata, I have not fled from
the field of battle actuated by the fear of life ! S6 My car was-
destroyed, my quivers were gone, and my pdrshni drivers were
killed ! I was alone, without a single follower to stand by mo.
in battle ! It was for this that I desired a little rest ! w It
was not for the sake of saving my life, it was not from fear,
it was not from grief, king, that I entered these waters !
It was only in consequence of fatigue that I did so ! 58 Do
thou, son of Kunti, rest awhile with those that follow thee !
Rising from this lake I will certainly fight all of you in
baLile !»•—

121 mahabhaiuta. [Hrada-pravecct

" 'Yudhishthira said, — All of us have rested sufficiently.
For a long while we were engaged in a search after thee ! Rise
then, even now, Suyodhana, and give us buttle ' 40 Either
slaying the Parthas in battle make this kingdom that swelleth
with prosperity thy own, or slain by us in battle proceed to
those regions that are reserved for heroes f* 1 —

" 'Duryodhana said, — They amongst the Kurus, O son of
Kuru's race, for whose sake I desired sovereignty, that, is, those
brothers of mine, O king, all lie dead on the field ! 48 I do not,
again, like to enjoy any longer the Earth that is now shorn of
wealth and reft of superior Kshatriyas, and that hath, there-
fore, become like a widowed lady ! 4S I, however, still hope to
vanquish thee, Yudhishthira, after curbing the pride, O bull
of Bharata's race, of the Panchalas and the Pandus ! 44 There
is, however, no longer any need for battle when Drona and
Kama have been quieted and when our grandsire Bhishma
hath been slain ! 4S This shorn Earth, O king, now exists for
thee ! What king is there that would like to rule a kingdom
divested of friends and allies ? 4$ Having caused friends such
as I had to be slain and even sons and brothers and sires, and
seeing my kingdom wrested by ye, who is there like myself
that would like to live ? 47 Clad in deer-skins I would retire
into the woods ! I have no desire for kingdom, deprived as
I am of friends and allies, Bharata ! 48 Reft almost entirely
of friends and allies, of horses and elephants, this Earth exists
for thee, O king ! Do thou enjoy her now cheerfully! 49 As
for myself, clad in deer-skins, I shall go to the woods !
Friendless as I am, I have no desire, O lord, for even life ! 50
Go, O monarch, and rule the Earth destitute of lords, with-
out warriors, reft of wealth, and without citadels, as thou
choosest ! 51 — '

'•Sanjaya continued,— 'Hearing these words of poignant
grief, the illustrious Yudhishthira addressed thy son Duryo-
dhana who was still within those waters, saying, 52 — Do not
utter such ravings of sorrrow, O sirc : from within the waters I
I do not, like Cakuni, feel any compassion for thee, O king, for
such words as these ! 53 Thou mayst now, O Suyodhana, be
willing to make a gift of the Evtfth to me, I, however, do not


wish bo rule the Earth thus given by thee!' 4 I cannot sinfully
accept this Eirthasagift from thee' Acceptance of a gift,

king, is not the duty laid down for a Kshatriya ! 55 I do not,
ih jrefore, wish to have the wide Earth thus given away by thee !

1 shall, on the other hand, enjoy the Earth after vanquishing
thee in battle ! 56 Thou art not now the lord of the Earth !
Why then dost thou desiro to make a gift of that over which
thou hast no dominion ? Why, O king, didst thou not then give
us the Earth when we, observant of the rules of righteousness
and desirous of the welfare of our race, had begged thee for
our portion ? 87 Having first refused the request of the mighty
Krishna, why dost thou now desire to give away the Earth ?
What is this folly of thine ?•• What king is there who, assailed
by foes, would wish to give away his kingdom ? son of Kuru's
race, today thou art not competent to give away the Earth ! 59
Why then dost thou wish to make a gift of that over which
thou hast no power ? Vanquishing me in battle, rule thou this
Earth ! 60 Thou didst not formerly agree to give me even that
much of the Earth which would be covered by the point of a
needle ! 81 How then, O monarch, dost thou make me a gift of
the whole Earth ? How is it that thou, who couldst not
formerly abandon even that much of land which the point of a
needle would cover, now wishest to abandon the whole Earth ? 6 *
What fool is there that would, after having obtained such pros-
perity and ruled the entire Earth, think of making a gift of that
Earth to his enemies ? 65 Stupified by folly, thou seest not the
impropriety of this ! Although thou desirest to give away the
Earth, thou shalt not yet escape me with life !" Either rule
the Eirth after having vanquished us, or go to regions of
blessedness after being slain by us ! 65 If both of us, that is,
thyself and myself, be alive, then all creatures will remain in
dmbt as to whom the victory belongs! 66 Thy life, O thou of
limited foresight, now depends upon me! If I like, I can suffer
thee to live, but thou art n >t capable of protecting thy own
life ! 67 Thou hadst at one time especially endeavoured to burn
us to death and to take our lives by means of snakes and other
kinds of poison and by sinking us in water! 63 Wo wore also
wronged by thee, king, by the deprivation of our kingdom,

12S Mahabharata. [Gaddyadha.

by the cruel words spoken by thee, and by thy maltreatment
of Draupadi I 63 For these reasons, O wretch, thy life must be
taken ! Rise, rise, and fight us ! That will benefit thee ! 70 — '
"Sanjaya continued, — 'In this strain, king, those heroes,
viz., the Pandavas, flushed with victory, repeatedly spoke
there (rebuking and mocking Duryodhana).' " 71

Section XXXII.
(Gaddyuddha Parva).

"Dhritarashtra said, — 'Thus admonished (by his foes), how,
indeed, did that scorcher of enemies, viz., my heroic and royal
son, who was wrathful by nature, then behave ?' He had
never before listened to admonitions such as these ! He had,
again, been treated by all with the respect that is due to a
king ! a He who had formerly grieved to stand in the shade of
an umbrella, thinking he had taken another's shelter, — he who
could not endure the very effulgence of the Sun in consequence
of his sensitive pride, how could he endure these words of his
foes? 3 Thou hast, with thy own eyes, O Sanjaya, seen the
whole Earth, with even her Mlecchas and nomad tribes, depend
upon his grace ! 4 Rebuked thus at that spot by the sons of
Pandu in particular, while lying concealed in such a solitary
place after having been deprived of his followers and atten-
dants, alas, what answer did he make unto the Pandavas upon
hearing such bitter and repeated taunts from his victorious-
enemies ? Tell me everything, O Sanjaya, about it f 5 " 8

"Sanjaya continued, — 'Thus rebuked, O monarch, by Yu-
dhishthira and his brothers, thy royal son, lying within those
waters, king of kings, heard those bitter words and became
very miserable. Breathing hot and long sighs repeatedly,
the king waved his arms again and again, and setting his heart
on battle, thus answered from within the waters, the royal
son of Pandu. 1 ' 3

" 'Duryodhana said, — Ye Parthas, all of yon are possessed
®f friends, of cars, and of animals ! I, however, am alone,
cheerless, without a car, and without an animal !'° Alone as

Piirva."] CALYA PARVA. 127

I am, and destitue of weapons, how can I venture to fight on
foot, against numerous foes all well-armed and possessed of
cars 7 . 11 Do you, however, O Yudhishthira, fight me one
at a time ! It is not proper that one should in battle fight
many endued with courage," especially when that one i.s
without armour, fatigued, afflicted with calamity, exceedingly
mangled in his limbs, and destitute of both animals and troops ! lS
I do not entertain the least fear, O monarch, of either thee, or
Vrikodara the son of Pritha, or FhFilguna, or Vasudeva, or all
the Panchalas, 14 or the twins, or Yuyudhana, or all the other
troops thou hast ! Standing in battle, alone as I am, I shall
resist all of you ! ,s The fame, O king, of all righteous men
hath righteousness for its basis! I say all this to you, obser-
vant of both righteousness and fame ! 16 Rising (from this
lake) I shall fight all of you in battle ! Like the year that
gradually meets with all the seasons, I shall meet with all
of you in fight !' 7 Wait, ye Pandavas ! Like the Sun destroy-
ing by his energy the light of all the stars at dawn, I shall
today, though weaponless and earless, destroy all of you
possessed of cars and steeds! 18 Today I shall free myself
from the debt I owe to the many illustrious Kshatriyas (that
have fallen for me), to Valhika and Drona and Bhishma and
the high-soulcd Kama, 19 to the heroic Jayadratha and Bhaga-
datta, to Ca!ya the ruler of the Madras and Bhurieravas, 90
to my sons, O chief of Bharata's race, and Cakuni the son
of Suvala, to all my friends and well-wishers and kinsmen !"
Today I shall free myself from that debt by slaying theo
with thy brothers !— Having said these words, the (Kurt)
king ceased speaking."

'Yudhishthira said,— By good luck, Suyodhana, thou
knowest the duties of a Kshatriya ! By good luck, O thou of
mighty arms, thy heart inclineth to battle ! 23 By good luck,
thou art a hero, O thou of Kuril's race, and, by good luck,
thou art conversant with battle, since, single-handed, thou
wishest to meet all of us in battle ! 2 * Fight any one of us,
taking whatever weapon thou likest I All of us will stand
as spectators here !"• I grant thee also, O hero, this (other)
wish of thy heart, viz,, that if thou slayest any one of us,

128 MAHABHARATA. [Gadayiulha

thou shall; then become king! Otherwise, slain by us, go
to heaven ! 26 —

" 'Duryodhana said, — Brave as thou art, if thou grantest
mo the option of fighting only one of you, this mace that
I hold in my hand is the weapon that I select !" Let any
one amongst you who thinks that he will be my match come
forward and fight with me on foot, armed with mace ! 28 Many
wonderful single combats have occurred on cars ! Let this
one great and wonderful combat with the mace happen today ! 29
Men (while fighting) desire to change weapons. Let the
manner of the fight be changed today, with thy permission ! ?0
O thou of mighty arms, I shall, with my mace, vanquish
thee today with all thy younger brothers, as also all the
Panchalas and the Srinjayas and all the other troops thou still
hast ! I do not cherish the least fear, Yudhishthira, of even
Cakra himself! — 81

M 'Yudhishthira said, — Rise, rise, son of Gandhari, and
fight me, Suyodhana ! Alone as thou art, fight us, en-
countering one at a time. O thou of great might, armed with
thy mace ! 82 Be a man, son of Gandhari, and fight with
good care ! Today thou shalt have to lay down thy life even
if Indra becomes thy ally ! 83 — '

'Sanjaya continued, — 'That tiger among men, viz., thy son,
could not bear these words of Yudhishthira. He breathed
long and heavy sighs from within the water like a mighty
snake from within its hole. 34 Struck repeatedly with such
wordy goads, he could not endure it at all, like a horse of high
breed that cannot endure the whip. 35 Agitating the waters
with great force, that valiant warrior rose like a prince of ele- j
phants from within the lake, breathing heavily in rage, and
armed with his heavy mace that was endued with the strength
of adamant and decked with gold. 36 Piercing the solidified
waters, thy son rose, shouldering his mace made of iron, like
the Sun himself scorching everything with his rays. 87 Endued
with great strength, thy son, possessed of great intelligence,
began to handle his heavy mace made of iron and equipt with
a sling. 88 Beholding him armed with mace and resembling a
crested mountain or the trident-wielding Rudra. himself cast-

Pawn.] 2ALYA PAKVA, 129

ing angry glances on living creatures, they observed that
Bharata chief to shed an effulgence around like the scorching
Sun himself in the sky. Indeed, all creatures then regarded
that mighty-armed chastiser of foes, as ho stood shouldering
his mace after rising from the waters, to look like the Des-
troyer himself armed with his bludgeon. 8 *** 1 Indeed, all the
Panchalas then saw thy royal son to look like the thunder-
wielding Cakra or the trident bearing Hara." Seeing him,
however, rise from within the waters, all the Panchalas and
thePfmdavas began to rejoice and seize each other's hands.**
Thy son Duryodhana regarded that action of the spectators to
be an insult directed towards him. Rolling his eyes in wrath,
and as if burning the Pandavas with his glances, 4 * and con-
tracting his brow into three furrows, and repeatedly biting his
nether lip, he addressed the Pandavas with Kecava in their
midst, saying, 48 — Ye Pandavas, ye shall have to bear the fruit
of these taunts ! Slain by me today, ye shall, with the Pan-
chalas, have to repair to the abode of Yama ! — '**

'Sanjaya continued, — 'Rising from the water, thy son
Duryodhana stood there, armed with mace, and with limbs
bathed in blood. 47 Covered with blood and drenched with
water, his body then looked like a mountain shedding water
from within it. 48 As he stood armed with mace, the Pandavas
regarded him to be the angry son of Surya himself armed
with his bludgeon called Kinfacra.*** With voice deep as that
of the clouds or of a bull roaring in joy, Duryodhana then, of
great prowess, armed with his mace, summoned the Parthas
to battle.*

" Duryodhana said, — Ye will have, O Yudhishlhira, to en-
counter me one at a time ! It is not pr<per,that one hero
should fight with many at the same tinnc, 81 especially when that
single warrior is divested of armour, fatigued with exertion,
covered with water, exceedingly mangled in limbs, and without
cars, animals, and troops ! 82 Let the gods in heaven behold me
fight single-handed, destitute of every equipment and deprived
of even armour and weapons ! ,s I shall certainly fight all of

. * That is the name of Yaum'3 bludgeon,— T.



you ! Thou shalt be judge, as thou hast the necessary quali-
fications, of the propriety and impropriety of everything ! — H

" 'Yudhishthira said, — How is it, O Duryodhana, that thou
hadst not this knowledge when many great car-warriors, unit-
ing together, slew Abhimanyu in battle ? 88 Kshatriya duties
are exceedingly cruel, unmindful of all considerations, and
without the least compassion ! Otherwise, how could you
slay Abhimanyu under those circumstances ? 8 * All of yon
were acquainted with righteousness ! All of you were heroes I
All of you were prepared to lay down your lives in battle !
The high end declared for those that fight righteously is the
attainment of the regions of Cakra !" If this be your duty,
viz., that one should never be slain by many, why is it then
that Abhimanyu was slain by many acting in accord with thy
counsels? 58 All creatures, when in difficulty, forget consider-
ations of virtue. They then view the gates of the other world
to be closed. 89 Put on armour, O hero, and bind thy locks I
Take everything else, O Bharata, of which thou standest in
need l t0 This another wish of thine, O hero, I grant thee in
addition, viz., that if thou canst slay him amongst the five
Pandavas with whom thou wishest an encounter, thou shalfe
then be king! Otherwise, slain (by him), thou shalt proceed
to heaven I Except thy life, O hero, tell us what boon we may
grant thee ?— ,81 -"

"Sanjaya continued, — 'Then thy son, O king, cased his body
with armour made of gold, and put on a beautiful head-gear
adorned with pure gold. 68 Clad in bright armour of gold, he
put on that li6ad-gear. Indeed, O king, thy son then looked
resplendent like a golden cliff. 64 Clad in mail, armed with
mace, and accoutered with other equipments, thy son Duryo-
dhana then, O king, standing on the field of battle, addressed
all the Pandavas, saying, 68 — Amongst you (five) brothers, Iefc
any one fight me, armed with mace ! As regards myself, I
am willing to fight either Sahadeva, or Bhima, or Nakula, 66 or
Phalguna, or thee today, O bull of Bharata's race ! Accorded
an encounter, I will fight any one amongst you and will
certainly gain the victory on the field ! 67 Today I will reach
the end of these hostilities that is so difficult to reach, witb

Varm.] calta parva. 131

the aid, O tiger among men, of my mace wrapped with cloth

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