Pratap Chandra Roy.

The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa (Volume 5) online

. (page 51 of 67)
Online LibraryPratap Chandra RoyThe Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa (Volume 5) → online text (page 51 of 67)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

—Thus addressed, (Daksha) that Lord of creatures, said these
word-s unto the celestials: — 'It is impossible to make my
words become otherwise ! 67 By some contrivance, however,
5*0 blessed ones, mv words miv be withdrawn! Let Cacin

141 MAHABHARATA. [Gaddyuddha

always behave equally towards all his wives ' t3 Having bathed
also in that foremost of tirthas on the Saraswati, the god
having the hare for his mark shall, ye gods, grow once more !
These words of mine are true !* 9 For half the month Soma shall
•wane every day, and fur half the month (following) he will
wax every day ! These words of mine are true ! 70 Proceeding
to the western Ocean at the spot where the Saraswati mingles
with the Ocean, that vast receptable of waters, let him adore
that God of gods (Mahadeva) there ! He will then regain his
form and beauty f 71 At this command of the (celestial) Rishi
(Daksha), Soma then proceeded to the Saraswati. He arrived
at that foremost of tirthas called Prabhasa belonging to the
Saraswati. 7 ' Bathing there on the day of the new moon, that
god of great energy and great effulgence got back his cool
rays and continued once more to illumine the worlds. 73 All
the creatures also, monarch, having repaired to Prabhasa,
returned with Soma amongst them to the place where Daksha
was. 7 * (Receiving them duly) that Lord of creatures then
dismissed them. Pleased with Soma, the adorable Daksha once
more addressed him, saying, 78 — 'Do not, O son, disregard
women, and never disregard Brahmanas ! Go, and attentively
obey my commands !' 7S Dismissed by him, Soma came back
to his own abode. All creatures, filled with joy, continued to
live as before. 77 I have thus told thee everything about how
the maker of the night had been cursed, and how also Prabhasa
became the foremost of all tirthas. 13 On every securring day
of the new moon, O monarch, the god having the hare for his
mark bathes in the excellent tirtha of Prabhasa and regains his
form and beauty. 73 It is for this reason, O lord of Earth, that
that tirtha is known by the name of Prabhasa, since bathing
there, Chandramas regained his great (Prabhd) effulgence. 80
After this, the mighty Valadeva of undecaying glory pro-
ceeded to C hamasodbheda , that is to that tirtha which is called
by that name. 81 Giving away many costly gifts at that place,
the hero having the plough for his weapon passed one night
there and-perforined his ablutions duly. 82 The elder brother of
Ke;;ava then procecdod quickly to Udapana. Although the
•Saraswati seems to be lost there, yet persons crowned with

Parva.] CALYA parva. 143

ascetic success, in consequence of their obtaining great merits
and great blessedness at that spot, and owing also to the cool-
ness of the herbs and of the land there, know that tho river
lias an invisible current, monarch, through the bowels of
the Earth there." 4 s " 34

Section XXXVI.

Vaieampayana said, — 'Valadeva, (as already said) proceed-
ed next to the tirtha called Udapana in the Saraswati, that
had formerly been the residence, king, of the illustrious
(ascetic) Trita. 1 Hiving t'iven away much wealth and wor-
shipped the Brahmanas, the hero having the plough for his
weapon bathed there and became filled with joy. 8 Devoted to
righteousness, the great ascetic Trita had lived there. While
in a hole, that high-soulod one had drunk the Soma juice. 8
His two brothers, dashing him down into that pit, had re-
turned to their home. That foremost of Brahmanas, viz.,
Trita, had thereupon cursed them both."*

Janamejava said, — "'What is the origin of Udapana ? How
did the great ascetic (Trita) fall into a pit there ? "Why was
that foremost of Brahmanas thrown into that pit by his
brothers ?■ How did his brothers, after throwing him into that
hole, return to their home ? How did Trita perform his sacri-
fice, and how did he drink Soma ? Tell me all this, Brah-
mana, if thou thinkest that I can listen to it without impro-
priety !"*

Vaieampayana continued, — 'In a former Yuga, king,
there were three brothers that were ascetics. They were called
Ekata Dwita, and Trita, and all three were endued with efful-
gence like that of the Sun. 7 They were like Lords of the
creation and were blessed with children. Utterers of Brahma,
they had, by their penances, acquired the privilege of attain-
ing to the regions of Brahman (after death). 8 With their
penances, vows, and self-restraint, their sire Gautama, who
was ever devoted to virtue, became highly and always pleased
with them. 9 Having obtained great joy in consequence of his

s^ns, th" aLra^Ie Gi'ijaaa; after passing a Ions life here,

144 mahabhah.vta. [Gudayuddhm

went at last to the region (in the other world) that was fit for
him. 10 Those kings, however, O monarch, that had been the
Yaj'imcinas of Gautama, continued to worship Gautama's sons
after the sire had proceeded to heaven. 11 Amongst them, how-
over, Trita, by his acts and study (of the Vedas », king, be-
came the foremost, even like his sire Gautama. 12 Then all the
highly blessed ascetics, characterised by righteousness, began
to worship Trita as they had worshiped his sire Gautama before
him." Once Upon a time, the two brothers Etaka and Dwita
thought of performing a sacrifice and became anxious for
wealth. 14 The plan they formed, O scorcher of foes, was to
take Trita with them, and calling upon all their Yctjamanas
and collecting the needful number of animals, 1 * they would
joyfully drink the Soma juice and acquire the great merits of
sacrifice. The three brothers then, O monarch, did as settled. 1 *
Calling upon all their Yajamdnas for (obtaining) animals, and
assisting them in their sacrifices and receiving a large number
of animals from them, and having duly accepted them in gift
in consequence of those priestly services which they ren-
dered, those high-souled and great Rights came towards the
East. 17- ' 8 Trita, king, with a cheerful heart was walking
before them. Ekata and Dwita were in his rear, bringing
up the animals. 19 Beholding that large herd of animals,
they began to reflect as to how they two could appropriate
that property without giving a share unto Trita. 20 Hear,
king, what those two sinful wretches, viz., Ekata and
Dwita, said while conversing with each other ! 21 They said, —
'Trita is skilled in assisting at sacrifices. Trita is devoted to
the Vedas. Trita is capable of earning many other kine. 28
Let us two, therefore, go away, taking the kine with us ! Let
Trita go whithersoever he chooses, without being in our com-
pany !'* 3 As they proceeded, night came upon them on the
way. They then saw a wolf before them. Not far from that
spot was a deep hole on the bank of the Saraswati. 2 * Trita,
who was in advance of his brothers, seeing the wolf, ran in
fright and fell into that hole. 2 ' That hole was fathomless and
terrible and capable of inspiring all creatures with fear. Then
Trita, king, that best of a/.eetic? from within that hole,

Pttrra.] CALTA PARTA, 14j

began to utter wails of woe. His two brothers heard his cries.**
Understanding that ho had fallen into a pit, his brothers
Ekata and Dwita, moved by fear of the wolf as also by
temptation, went on, deserting th«ir brother.* 7 Thus deserted
by his two brothers who were moved by the- temptation of
appropriating those animals, the great ascitic Trita, O king,
while within that lonely well covered with dust" and herbs
and creepers, thought himself plunged, chief of the Bhara-
tas, into hell itself like a sinful wretch.*' He feared to die
inasmuch as he had not earned the merit of drinking the Soma.
juiee. Possessed of great wisdom, he began to reflect with the
aid of his intelligence as to how he could succeed in drinking
Soma even there. 10 While thinking on that subject, the gread
ascetic, standing in that pit, beheld a creeper hanging down
into it in course of its growth. 81 Although the pit was drv,
the sage imagined the existence of water and of sacrificial fires
there. Constituting himself the Hotri (in imagination), 88 the
great ascetic imagined the creeper he saw to be the Soma plant.
He then mentally uttered the Ricks, the Yayushes and the
Scimans (that were neccessary for the performance of a sacri-
fice).* 8 * The pebbles (lying at the bottom of the well) Trita
converted into grains of sugar (in imagination). He then,
king, (mentally) performed his ablutions. He conceived the
water (he had imagined) to be clarified butter. 8 * He allotted
to the celestials their respective shares (of those sacrificial
offerings). Having next (mentally) drunk Soma, he began
to utter a loud noise. Those sounds. O king, first uttered
by the sacrificing Rishi, penetrated into heaven, and Trita
completed that sacrifice after the manner laid down by
uttorers of Brahma.** During the progress of that sacrifice
of the high-souled Trita, the whole region of the celestials
became agitated. None knew, h »wever, the cause. Vrihas-
pati (the preceptor of th« gods) heard that loud muse (made
by Trita). 84 The priest of the celestials said unto the latter. —
Trita is performing a sacrifice. We must go there, ye goda '"
Endued with great ascetic merit, if angry, he is competent to

* Hymns from the three Vcdas. — T.

14(3 mahabharata. [GaddyuJUha

croate other gods ' n — Hearing these words of Vrihaspati, all
the gods, united together, repaired to that spot where the
sacrifice of Trita was going on. 89 Having proceeded to that
spot, the gods beheld the high-souled Trita installed in the
performance of his sacrifice. 40 Beholding that high-souled one
resplendent with beauty, the gods addressed him, saying, —
'We have come hither for our shares (in thy offerings) !' 4 ' —
The Bishi said unto them, — 'Behold me, ye denizens of heaven,
fallen into this terrible well, almost deprived of my senses !' 48
Then Trita, monarch, duly gave unto them their shares with
proper mantras. The gods took them and became very glad. 48
Having duly obtained their allotted shares, the denizens of
heaven, gratified with him. gave him such boons as he desired. 44
The boon, however, that he solicited was that the gods should
•relieve him from his distressful situation (in the well). 48 He
also said, — 'Let him that bathes in this well, have the end that
is attained by persons that have drunk Soma !' 4 * At these
words, king, the Saraswati with her v/aves appeared within
that well. Raised aloft by her, Trita came up and worshipped
the denizens of heaven. 47 The gods then said unto him, — 'Be
it as thou wishest !' All of them then, O king, went to the
place whence they had come, and Trita, filled with joy, proceed-
ed to his own abode. 48 Meeting with those two Eishis, viz., his
brothers, he became enraged with them. Possessed of great
ascetic merit, he said certain harsh words unto them and cursed
•them, saying, 49 — 'Since, moved by covetousness, ye ran away,
deserting me, therefore, ye shall become fierce wolves with
sharp teeth and range the forest, cursed by me in consequence of
that sinful act of yours ! so The offspring also that ye shall have
will consist of leopards and bears and apes !' After Trita had
said these words, O monarch, his two brothers were seen to be
very soon transformed into those shapes in consequence of the
words of that truthful sage. 81 Of immeasurable prowess, Vala-
deva touched the waters of Udapana. And he gave away diverse
'kinds of wealth there and worshipped many Brahmanas. 52 Be-
holding Udapana and applauding it repeatedly, Valadeva next
ft tc«eded to Yinacana which also was on the Saraswati," 88


Section XXXVII.

Vaicampiiyana said, — "Then Valadeva, king, proceeded
to Vinacana whore the Saraswati hath become invisible in con-
•equence of her contempt for Cudras and Abhiras. 1 And since
the Saraswati, in consequence of such contempt, is lost at!
that spot, the Rishis, for that reason, O chief of the Bharatas,
always name the place as Vinacana.* Having bathed in
that tirtha of the Saraswati, the mighty Valadeva then pro-
ceeded to Subhumika situate on the excellent bank of the same
river.* There many fair-complexioned Apsaras, of beautiful
faces, are always engaged in sports of a pure character with-
out any intermission.* The gods and the Gandharvas, every
month, ruler of men, repair to that sacred tirtha which is the
resort of Brahman himself.* The Gandharvas and diverse
tribes of Apsaras are to be seen there, O king, assembled
together and passing the time as happily as they like.* There-
the gods and the Pitris, sport in joy, with sacred and aus-
picious flowers repeatedly rained over them, 7 and all the
creepers also were adorned with flowery loads. And because,
O king, that spot is the beautiful sporting ground of those
Apsaras, therefore is that tirtha on the excellent bank of
the Saraswati called Subhumika.' Valadeva of Madhu's race,
having bathed in that tirtha and given away much wealth
unto the Brahmanas, heard the sound of those celestial songs
and musical instruments.' He also saw there many shadows
of gods, Gandharvas, and Rdkshasas. The son of Rohini then
proceeded to the tirtha of the Gandharvas. 10 There many
GandJiarvas, headed by Vie wavasu and possessed of ascetic
merit, pass their time in dance and song of the most charm-
ing kind." Giving away diverse kinds of wealth unto th©
Brahmanas. as also goats and sheep and kinc and mules and
camels and gold and silver, 1 * and feeding many Brahmanas
and gratifying them with many costly gifts that were desired
by them, Valadeva of Madhu's race proceeded thence, accom-
panied by many Brahmanas and eulogised by them. 1 ' Leaving
that tirtha resorted to by Qandharvaei that mighty-armed

3 *S MAHABHARATA, [GaddfilddhyeL

chastiser of foes, having but one ear-ring, then proceeded to
the famous tirtha called Gargagrota.'* There, in that sacred
tirtka of the Saraswati, the illustrious Garga of venerable
years and soul cleansed by ascetic penances, Janamejava,
had acquired a knowledge of Time and its course, of the devia-
tions of luminous bodies (in the firmament), and of all aus-
picious and inauspicious portents.' 8- " That tirtha, for this
reason, came to be called after his name as Gargacrota. There,
O king, highly blessed RisJiis of excellent vows always waited
upon Garga, lord, for obtaining a knowledge of Time. 17 *
Smeared with white sandal-paste O king, Valadeva, repairing
to that tirtha, duly gave away wealth unto many ascetics of.
cleansed souls. 1 * Having given also many kinds of costly
viands unto the Brahtnanas, that illustrious one attired in blue
robes then proceeded to the tirtha called Cankha. 3 ' There,
on the bank of the Saraswati, that mighty hero having th»
palmyra on his banner beheld a gigantic tree, called Mahd-
$ankha, tall as Meru, looking like the White-mountain, and
resorted to by many Riahis** There dwell Yakshas, and
Vidyddharas, and Ra.hah.a8aa of immeasurable energy, and
l J igdchas of immeasurable might, and Siddhas, numbering in
thousands.* 1 All of them, abandoning other kinds of food,
observe vows and regulations, and take at due seasons the
fruits of that lord of the forest for their sustenance and wander
in separate bands, unseen by men, O foremost of human
beings! That monarch of the forest, O king, is known for this
throughout the world ?' l ~* s That tree is the cause of this cele-
brated and sacred tirtha in the Saraswati. Having given away
in that tirtha many milch cows, and vessels of copper and iron,
and diverse kinds of other vessels, that tiger of Yadu's race, 1 *
viz., Valadeva, having the plough for his weapon, worshipped the
Brahmanas and was worshipped by them in return. He then,
king, pr iceeded to the Dwaita lake.* 6 Arrived there, Vala
saw diverse kinds of ascetics in diverse kinds of atlire. Bath-

* Garga was a celebrated astronomer and aatiologer of ancient India.
Certain horoscopes left by him have furnished Oriental scholars wiiii
iuiDuvtaut landmarks uii the subject of Hindoo eluouology. — T

Parva.1 calya parva. 1 E9

ing in its waters, he 'worshipped the Biahmanas." Having
given away unto the Brahmauas diverse articles of enjoyment
in profusion. Valadeva then; O king, proceeded along the
southern bank of the Saraswati. 87 The mighty armed and
illustrious Rama of virtuous soul and unfading glory then
proceeded to the tirtha called Ndgadhanwdna." Swarming
with numerous snakes, O monarch, it was the abode of Vasuki
of great splendour, the king of the snakes. There four and
ten thousand Rishis also had their permanent home.* 9 The
celestials, having come there (in days of yore), had. according to
due rites, installed the excellent snake VFAsuki as king of all
the snakes. There is no fear of snakes in that, place, O thou
of Kuril's race !*° Duly giving away many valuables there unto
the Brahmauas, Valadeva then set out with face towards the
east and reached, one after another hundreds and thousands of
famous tirthaa that occurred at every step. 81 Bathing in all
those ti/rthas, and observing fasts and other vows as directed
by the Rishis, and giving away wealth in profusion," and
saluting all the ascetics who had taken up their residence
there, Valadeva once more set out, along the way tint those
ascetics pointed out to him, for reaching that spot where t ho
Saraswati 88 turns in an eastward direction, like torrents of rain
bent by the action of the wind. The river took that course f>>r
beholding the high-souled Rishis dwelling in the forest of
Naimisha. 84 Always smeared with white sandal- paste, Val a,
having the plough for his weapon, beholding that foremost of
rivers change her course, became, king, filled with wonder." 18
Janamejaya said, — 'Why, Brahmana. did the Saraswati
bond her course there in an easterly direction ? O best of
Addharyus, it behoveth thee to tell me everything relating to
this : 38 For what reason was that delightcr of the Yadus file d
with wonder ? Why, indeed, did that foremost of rivers thus
alter her course '!' ll

Vaicampayana said, — "Formerly, in the Krita age, <> king,
the ascetics dwelling in Naimisha were engaged in a grand
sacrifice extending for twelve vears." Many were the Rishis,
O king, that came to that sacrifice. Passing thi ir days, accord-
ing to due rites, in the perf - of that sacrifice, these

1S(T HAHABHARATA, [Gadciyuddhct

highly blessed ones," after the completion of that twelve years,
sacrifice at Naimisha, set out in large numbers for sojurning
to tirthas.* In consequence of the number of the Rishis, O
king, the tirthas on the southern banks of the Saraswati all
looked like towns and cities.*' Those foremost of Brahmanas,
O tiger among men, in consequence of their eagerness for en-
joying the merits of tirthas, took up their abodes on the bank
of the river up to the site of Samantapanchaka. 48 The whole
region seemed to resound with the loud Yedic recitations of
those Rishis of cleansed souls, all employed in pouring liba-
tions on sacrificial fires. 48 That foremost of rivers looked
exceedingly beautiful with those blazing homa fires all around,
over which those high-souled ascetics poured libations of clari-
fied butter. 44 Valikhillyas and Acmakuttas, Dantolukhali-
nas, Samprakshyanas and other ascetics, 45 * as also those that
subsisted on air, and those that lived on water, and those that
lived on dry leaves of trees, and diverse others that were obser-
vant of diverse kinds of vows, and those that foreswore beds
for the bare and hard earth, 4S all came to that spot in the
vicinity of the Saraswati. And they made that foremost of
rivers exceedingly beautiful, like the celestials beautifying
(with their presence) the heavenly stream called Mandakini. 4T
Hundreds upon hundreds of Rishis, all given to the observance
of sacrifices, came thither. Those practicers of high vows,
however, failed to find sufficient room on the banks of the Sara-
swati. 48 Measuring small plots of land with their sacred threads,
they performed their Agnihotras and diverse other rites. 49 The
river Saraswati beheld, O monarch, that large body of Rishis
penetrated with despair and plunged into anxiety (for want of a
broad thirtha wherein to perform their rites. For their sake, 80
that foremost of streams came there, having made many abodes
for herself in that spot, through kindness for those Rishis of

* The first were diminutive little creatures, not bigger than the
thumb ; the second were probably those that husked their corn with
only two pieces of stone without using the usual convenient appliances ;
the third were person9 that lived on raw corn, using their teeth for husk-
ing it. I have no idea of who the fourth were.— T.


sacred penances, Janamejaya !" Having thus, monarch,
turned her course for their sake, the Saraswati, that foremost
of rivers, once more flowed in a westerly direction," as if she
said, — I must go hence, having prevented the arrival of these
Rishis from becoming futile !' This wonderful feat, king,
was accomplished there by that great river.*' Even thus those
receptacles of water, O king, were formed in Naimisha. There,
at Kurukshetra, foremost one of Kuril's race, do thou per-
form grand sacrifices and rites !** Beholding those many
receptacles of water and seeing that foremost of rivers turn
her course, wonder filled the heart of the high-souled Rama. 8 *
Bathing in those tirthas duly and giving away wealth and
diverse other articles of enjoyment unto the Brahmanas, that
delighter of Yadu's race 1 * also gave away diverse kinds of
food and diverse desirable articles unto them. Worshipped
by those regenerate ones, Vala, king, then set out from that
foremost of all tirthas on the Saraswati, (viz., Sapta-Sdra,'
ewat). Numerous feathery creatures have their home there.
And it abounded with Vadari, Tnguda, Kdpnaryya, PlaJcsha,
Agwattha, Vibhitaka, Kakkola, Pallga, Karira, Pilu, and
diverse other kinds of trees that grow on the banks of the
Saraswati. 1 "* 9 And it was adorned with forests of K arushakets,
Vilivas, and Amratakas, and Atimuktas and Kdshandas and
Parijcitas.* Agreeable to the sight and most charming, it
abounded with forests of plaintains. And it was resorted to by
•diverse tribes of ascetics, some living on air, some on water,
some on fruit, some on leaves, some on raw grain which they
husked with the aid only of stones, and some that were called
Vdneyas. And it resounded with the chaunting of the Vedas,
and teemed with diverse kinds of animals. s, " i8 And it was the
favourite abode of men without malice and devoted to righte-
ousness. Valadeva, having the plough for his weapon, arrived
at that tirtha, called the Sopta-Sdrasicat, where the great
ascetic Mankanaka had performed his penances and became
crowned with success.' 89


Section XXXVIII.

Janamejaya said, — "Why was that tirtha called Sapta-Sara*
swat! Who was the ascetic Mankanaka ? How did that
adorable one become crowned with success ? What were his
vows and observances V In whose race was he born ? What
books did that best of regenerate ones study ? I desire to hear
all this, foremost of regenerate ones !"*

Vaieampayana said. — '0 king, the seven Siraswatis cover
this Universe ! Whithersoever the Saraswati was summoned
by persons of great energy, thither she made her appearance. 8
These are the seven forms of the Saraswati, viz., Suprabha,
Kanchanakshi, Vic^ala, Manorama. Oghavati, Surenu, and
Vimalodaka.* The Supreme Grandsire had at one time per-
formed a great sacrifice. While that sacrifice was in course
of performance on the ground selected, many regenerate ones
crowned with ascetic success came there. 8 The spot resounded
with the recitation of sacred hymns and the chaunting of the
Vedas. In the matter of those sacrificial rites, the very gods
lost their coolness, (so grand were the preparations).* There,
O monarch, while the Grandsire was installed in the sacrifice
and was performing the grand ceremony capable of bestowing
prosperity and every wish, 7 many notable ones conversant
with righteousness and profit were present. As soon as they
thought of the articles, of which they stood in need, these, O
monarch, immediately appeared before the regenerate ones
(amoncr the guests) that came there. 8 The Gandliarvas sang
and the diverse tribes of Apsaras danced. And they played
upon many celestial instruments for all the time. 9 The wealth
of provisions procured in that sacrifice satisfied the very
gods. What shall I say then of human beings? The very
celestials became filled with wonder':' During the conti-

Online LibraryPratap Chandra RoyThe Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa (Volume 5) → online text (page 51 of 67)