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Guha set out.* 4 " 85 Beholding him, all the Daityas and Raksha-
sas and Ddnavas, anxious with fear, fled away on all sides. 81
Arm 3d with diverse weapons, the celestials pursued them.
Seeing (the foe flying away), Skanda, endued with energy and
might, became inflamed with wrath. 87 He repeatedly hurled
his terrible weapon, viz., the dart (he had received from Agni).
The energy that he then displayed resembled a fire fed with
libations of clarified butter. 68 While the dart was repeatedly
hurled by Skanda of immeasurable energy, meteoric flashes,
king, fell upon the Earth. 89 Thunder-bolts also, with tre-
mendous noise, fell upon the Earth. Everything became as
frightful, king, as it becomes on the day of the universal
destruction. 70 When that terrible dart was once hurled by the
son of Agni, millions of darts issued from it, bull of Bhara-
ta's race. 71 The puissant and adorable Skanda, filled with joy,
at last slew Taraka, the chief of the Daityas, endued with
great might and prowess, and surrounded (in that battle) by
a hundred thousand heroic and mighty Daityas.'' 1 He then,
in that battle, slew Mahisha who was surrounded by eight!
Padmas* of Daityas. He next slew Tripada who was sur-

■ *

* A very large number.— T,


I5G kahabha-kata. [Gaddyuddha

rounded by a thousand Ajataa of Daityas.™ The puissant
Skanda then slew Hradodara, who was surrounded by ten
Nikhavvas of Daityas, with all his followers armed with
diverse weapons. 7 * Filling the ten points of the compass,
the followers of Kumara, O king, made a loud noise while
those Daityas were being slain, and danced and jumped and
laughed in joy. 7 * Thousands of Daityas, king, were burnt
with the flames that issued from Skanda's dart, while others
lcreathed their last, terrified by the roars of Skanda. 7 * The
three worlds were frightened at the yawns of Skanda's sol-
diers. The foes were consumed with flames produced by
Skanda, Many were slain by his roars alone. 77 Some
amongst the foes of the gods, struck with banners, were slain.
Some, frightened by the sounds of bells, fell down on the
surface of the Earth. Some, mangled with weapons, fell
down, deprived of life. 7 * In this way the heroic and mighty
Kartikeya slew innumerabte foes of the gods, possessed of
great strength, that came to fight with him. 79 Then Vali's
son Vana of great might, getting upon the Krauncha moun-
tain, battled with the celestial host. 60 Possessed of great
intelligence, the great generalissimo Skanda rushed against
that foe of the gods. From fear of Kartikeya, he took shelter
within the Krauncha mountain. 81 Inflamed with rage, the
adorable Kartikeya then pierced that mountain with that dart
given him by Agni.* The mountain was called Krauncha
■(crane) because of the sound it always produced resembled the
•cry of a crane.** That mountain was variegated with fata
trees. The apes and elephants on it were afrighted. The
birds that had their abode on it rose up and wheeled around in
the welkin. The snakes began to dart down its sides. 88 It
resounded also with the cries of leopards and bears in large
numbers that ran hither and thither in fear. Other forests on
it rang with the cries of hundreds upon hundreds of animals.**
Qarabhas and lions suddenly ran out. In consequence of all
this, that mountain, though it was reduced to a very pitiable

* In verse 44 of the previous sectiou ic is said that Iadra gave hira
tUis dart,— T,

Parva.) «?alya pak?i. tS7

plight, still assumed a very beautiful aspect." The V id yet*
dharas dwelling on its summits soared into the air. Tha-
Kinnaras also becamo very anxious, distracted \v the fear
caused by the fall of Skanda's dart. 84 The Daityas then, by
hundreds and thousands, came out of that blazing mountain,
all clad in beautiful ornaments and garlands. The followers of
Kumara, prevailing over them in battle, slew them all,"
The adorable Skanda, inflamed with rage, quickly slew the son
of the Daitya chief (Vali) along with his younger brother;
even as Indra had slain Vritra (in days before). 88 That slayer
of hostile heroes, viz. Agni's son, ^"erced with his dart the
Krauncha mountain, dividing his own self sometimes into
many and sometimes uniting all his portions into one. 8 ' Re-
peatedly hurled from his hand, the dart repeatedly come back
to him. Even such was the might and glory of the adorabla
son of Agni. s0 With redoubled heroism, and energy and fama
and success, the god pierced the mountain and slew hundreds
of Daityas. 31 The adorable god, having thus slain the enemies
of the celestials, was worshipped and honored by the latter
arnd obtained' great joy. 8 " After the Krauncha mountain had
been pierced and after the son of Chanda had been slain;
drums were beat, O king, and conchs were blown." The celes-
tial ladies rained floral showers in succession upon that divine
lord of Yogins. 3 * Auspicious breezes began to blow, bearing
celestial perfumes. The Gandkarvas hymned his praises as-
also great Rlikis always engaged in the performance of sacri-
fices." Some speak of him as the puissant son of the Grand 4
sire, viz., Sanatkumara, the eldest of all the sons of Brahman.'*
Some speak of him as the son of Mahecwara, and some as that
of Agni. Some again describe him as the son of Uma or of
the Krittikas or of Ganga." Hundreds and thousands of
people speak of that Lord of Yogins, of blazing form and
great might, as the son of one of those, or of either of two of
those, or of any one of four of those.* 8

"I have thus told thee, king, everything about the in-
stallation of Kartikeya. Listen now to the history of the sac-
redness of thai foremost of tirthas on the Saraswati." That
foremost of tirthas, monarch, after the enemies of the gtfb

185 MAHABHARATA, [Gadayuddhyb.

had been slain, becarao a second heaven. 1 " The puissant son
of Agni gave unto each of the foremost ones among the celes-
tials diverse kinds of dominion and affluence and at last the
sovereignty of the three worlds. 101 Even thus, O monarch,
was that adorable exterminater of the Daityas installed by the
gods as their generalissimo. 102 That other tirtha, bull of
Bharata's race, where in days of yore Varuna the Lord of
waters had been installed by the celestials, is known by the
name of Taijasa. 103 Having bathed in that tirtha and adored
Skanda, Rama gave unto the Brahman as gold and clothes and
ornaments and other things. 104 Passing one night there, that
slayer of hostile heroes, viz., Madhava, praising that foremost
of tirthas and touching its water, became cheerful and happy. 10 *
I have now told thee everything about which thou hadst
enquired, viz., how the divine Skanda was installed by the
assembled gods !" 10s

Section XLVII.

Janamejaya said, — "This history, O regenerate one, that I
have heard from thee is exceedingly wonderful, viz., this nar-
ration, in detail, of the installation, according to due rites, of
Skanda ! l O thou possessed of wealth of asceticism, I deem
myself cleansed by having listened to this account ! My hair
stands on end and my mind hath become cheerful !* Having
heard the history of the installation of Kumara and the des-
truction of the Daityas, great hath been my joy ! I feel a
curiosity, however, in respect of another matter ! s How was
the Lord of the waters installed by the celestials in that tirtha
in days of yore ? O best of men, tell me all that, for thou art
possessed of great wisdom and art skilled in narration !"*

Vaicampayana said, — "Listen, king, to this wonderful
history as it transpired truly in a former kalpa ! In davs of
yore, in the Krita age, king, all the celestials, duly ap-
proaching Varuna, said unto him these words :' — 'As Cakra,
the Lord of the celestials, always protects us from every fear,
similarly be thou the Lord of all th6 rivers !* Thou always
residest god, in the Ocean, that home of makaras ! This

favva.] CALYA PARTA. 189

Ocean, the lord of rivers, will then be under thy dominion ! T
Thou shalt then wax and wane with Soma !' — (Thus address-
ed) Varuna answered them, saying, — 'Let it bo so ! 8 All the
celestials then, assembling together, made Varuna having his
abode in the Ocean the Lord of all the waters, according to
the rites laid down in the scriptures. 9 Having installed Varuna
as the Lord of all acquatic creatures and worshipping him
duly, the celestials returned to their respective abodes. 10 In-
stalled by the celestials, the illustrious Varuna began to duly
protect seas and lakes and rivers and other receptacles of water
as Cakra protects the gods. 1 ' Bathing in that tirtha also and
giving away diverse kinds of gifts, Valadeva, the slayer of
Pralamva, possessed of great wisdom, then proceeded to Agni
tirtha, that spot, viz, where the eater of clarified butter, dis-
appearing from the view, became concealed within the entrails
of the £ami wood. 1 * When the light of all the worlds thus
disappeared, sinless one, the gods then repaired to the Grand-
sire of the universe." And they said, — 'The adorable Agni
has disappeared. We do not know the reason. Let not all
croatures be destroyed ! Create fire, puissant Lord !' " l *

Janamejaya said, — 'For what reason did Agni, the Creator
of all the worlds, disappear ? How also was he discovered by
the gods ? Tell me all this in detail I" 11

Vaicampayana said, — "Agni of great energy became very
much frightened at the curse of Bhrigu. Concealing himself
within the entrails of the f ami wood, that adorable god dis-
appeared from the view.'* Upon the disappearance of Agni,
all the gods, with Vasava at their head, in great affliction,
searched for the missing god. 17 Finding Agni then, they saw
that god lying within the entrails of the £ami wood. 18 The
celestials, O tiger among kings, with Vrihaspati at their head,
having suoceeded in finding out the god, became very glad
with Vasava amongst them." They then returned to the
places they had come from. Agni also, from Bhrigu's curse,
became an eater of everything as Bhrigu, that utterer of
Brahma, had said." The intelligent Valarama, having bath-
ed there, then proceeded to Brahmayoni where the adorable
Grandsire of all the worlds had exercised his functions of

ISO Hahabharata, [GadayUddhtx

creation.' 1 In days of yore, the Lord Brahman, having with
all the gods bathed in that tirtha, created all the tirthas,
according to due rites, for the celestials." Bathing there and
giving away diverse kinds of gifts, Valadeva then proceeded
to the tirtha called Kaiivera where the puissant Ailavila,
having practised severe auterities, obtained, Oking, the Lord-
ship over all treasures. 88 While he dwelt there (engaged in
austerities), all kinds of wealth and all the precious gems^
came to him of their own accord. Valadeva, having repaired
to that tirtha and bathed in its waters, duly gave much wealth
unto the Brahmanas. 84 Rama beheld at that spot the excellent
woods of Kuvera. In days of yore, the high-souled Kuvera,
the chief of the Yakhas, having practised the severest auster-
ities there, obtained many boons. 85 There were the lordship of
all treasures, the friendship of Rudra possessed of immeasur-
able energy, the status of a god, the regency over a particular
point of the compass (viz., the north), and a son named Nala-
kuvara. These the chief of the Yakshas speedily obtained
there, O thou of mighty arms ! 8 ' The Maruts, coming there,
installed him duly (in his sovereignty). He also obtained fur
a vehicle a well-equipt and celestial car, fleet as thought, as also
all the affluence of a god. 87 Bathing in that tirtha and giving
away much wealth, Vala using white unguents thence pro-
ceeded quickly to another tirtha. u Populous with all kinds of
creatures, that tirtha is known by the name of Vadarapachana.
There the fruits of every season are always to be found and
flowers and fruits of every kind are always abundant." 2 '

Section XLVIII.

Vaicampayana said, — "Rama (as already said) then pro-
ceeded to the tirtha called Vadarapachana where dwell many
ascetics and Siddhas. There the daughter of Bharadwaja, un-
rivalled on Earth for beauty, named Cruvavati, practised severe-
austerities. She was a maiden who led the life of a Brahma-
charini. 1 ' 1 That beautiful damsel, observing diverse kinds
of vows, practised the austerest of penances, moved by the.
desire of obtaining the L®rd of the celestials fur her husband. 8 ,*

fparva.] calya parva, 191

Many years passed away, O perpetuater of Kuril's race, during
which that damsel continually observed those diverse kinds of
vows exceedingly difficult of being practised by women.* The
adorable chastiser of Paka at last became gratified with her
in consequence of that conduct and those penances of hers
and that high-regard she showed for him. 8 The puissant
Lord of the celestials then came to that hermitage, having
assumed the form of the high-souled and regenerate Rishi
Vacishtha. 6 Beholding that foremost of ascetics, viz., Vacish-
tha, of tho austerest penances, she worshipped him, O
Bharata, according to the rites observed by ascetics. 7 Con-
versant with vows, the auspicious and sweet-speeched damsel
addressed him, saying,— adorable one, O tiger among as-
cetics, tell me thy commands, O lord! 8 thou of excellent
vows, I shall serve thee, according to the measure of my
might ! I will not, however, give thee my hand, in conse-
quence of my regard for Cakra ! 9 I am gratifying Cakra, the
lord of the three worlds, with vows and rigid observances and
ascetic penances !' 10 Thus addressed by her, the illustrious
god, smiling as he cast his eyes on her, and knowing her
observances, addressed her sweetly, O Bharata, saying, 11 —
'Thou practisest penances of the austerest kind ! This is known
to me, thou of excellent vows ! That object also, cherished
in thy heart, for the attainment of which thou strivest, aus-
picious one, 1 * shall, thou of beautiful face, be accomplished
for thee ! Everything is attainable by penances. Everything
rests on penances. 18 All those regions of blessedness, thou
of beautiful face, that belong to the gods can be obtained by
penances. Penances are the root of great happiness. 14 Those
men that cast off their bodies after having practised austere
penances, obtain the status of gods, auspicious one ! Bear
in mind these words of mine ! l * Do thou now, blessed
damsel, boil these five jujubes, O thou of excellent vows!'
Having said these words, the adorable slayer of Vala went
away, taking leave, to mentally recite certain mantras u at
an excellent tirtha not far from that hermitage. That tirtha
came to be known in the three worlds after the name of Indra,

# gWer of hgaqga I" Indeed, it was for the purpose of test-


ing the damsel's devotion that the Lord of the celestials acted
in that way for obstructing the boiling of the jujubes. 18 The
damsel, O king, having cleansed herself, began her task ;
restraining speech and with attention fixed on it, she sat to her
task, without feeling any fatigue." Even thus that damsel
of high vows, tiger among kings, began to boil those jujubes.
As she sat employed in her task, bull among men, day waa
about to wane bub yet those jujubes showed no signs of having
been softened. 80 The fuel she had there was all consumed.
Seeing the fire about to die away owing to want of fuel, she
began to burn her own limbs. 31 The beautiful maiden first
thrust her feet into the fire. The sinless damsel sat still while
her feet began to be consumed. 8 ' The faultless girl did not
at all mind her burning feet. Difficult of accomplishment, she
did it from desire of doing good to the Eishi (that had been
her guest). 83 Her face did not at all change under that
painful process, nor did she feel any cheerlessness on that
account. Having thrust her limbs into the fire, she felt as
much joy as if she had dipped them into cool water. 84 The
words of the Rishi, viz., — Cook these jujubes well — were borne
in her mind, Bharata ! 8S The auspicious damsel, bearing
those words of the great Rishi in her mind, began to cook
those jujubes although the latter, king, showed no signs of
softening. 86 The adorable Agni himself consumed her feet.
For this, however, the maiden did not feel the slightest pain.**
Beholding this act of hers, the Lord of the three worlds be-
came highly gratified. He then showed himself in his own
proper form to the damsel. 88 The chief of the celestials then
addressed that maiden of very austere vows, saying, — 'I am
gratified with thy devotion, thy penances, and thy vows ! 89
The wish, therefore, auspicious one, that thou cheerishest
shall be accomplished ! Casting off thy body, O blessed one,
thau shalt in heaven live with me ! 30 This hermitage, again,
shall become the foremost of tirthas in the world, capable of
cleansing from every sin, thou of fair eye-brows, and shall be
known by the name of Vadarapdchana. It shall be celebrated
in the three worlds and shall be praised by great Rishis. 11 In
this very tirtha, auspicious, sinless, and highly blessed one,

Parva.] calya parva, 193

the seven Rlshia had, on one occasion, left Arundhati (the wifa
of one of them) while they went to Himavat." Those highly
blessed ones, of very rigid vows, had gone there for gathering
fruits and roots for their sustenance." While they thus lived
in a forest of Himavat fur procuring their sustenance, a
drought occured extending fur twelve years. 8 * Those ascetics,
having made an asylum for themselves, continued to live there.
Meanwhile Arundhati devoted herself to ascetic penances (at
the spot where she had been left). 3 * Beholding Arundhati
devoted to the austerest of vows, the boon-giving and Three-
eyed deity (Mahadeva), highly pleased, came there. 86 Tha
illustrious Mahadeva, assuming the form of a Brahmana, came
to her and said, — I desire alms, O auspicious one ! 87 — The
beautiful Arundhati said unto him,— Our store of food hath
been exhausted, Brahmana ! Do thou eat jujubes '."—Maha-
deva replied,— Cook these jujubes, thou of excellent vows ! —
After these words, she began to cook those jujubes for doing
what was agreeable to that Brahmana." Placing those jujubes
on the fire, the celebrated Arundhati listened to diverse ex-
cellent and charming and sacred discourses (from the lips of
Mahadeva). That twelve years' drought then passed away
(as if it were a single day). 40 Without food, and employed
in cooking and listening to those auspicious discourses, thata
terrible period passed away as if it were a single day to her."
Then the seven Rishie, having procured fruits from tha
mountain, returned to that spot. The adorable Mahadeva,
highly pleased with Arundhati, said unto her, 4 ' — Approach,
as formerly, these Rinltis, righteous one ! I have been
gratified with thy penances and vows ! 4S — The adorable Hara
then stood confest in his own form. Gratified, he spoke unto
them about the noble conduct of Arundhati (in these words), 4 *
— The ascetic merit, ye regenerate ones, that this lady hath
earned, is, I think, much greater than what ye have earned
on the breast of Himavat ! 4 ' The penances practised by this
lady have been exceedingly austere, for she passed twelve
years in cooking, herself fasting all the while ! 4e — The divina
Mahadeva then, addressing Arundhati, said unto her,— Solicit!
thgu the boon, auspicious dame, which h in thy heart ! 4T -^

J94> mahabharata, [Gadayuddh®

Then that lady of large eyes that were of a reddish hue
addressed that god in the midst of the seven Rishis, saying,—
If, O divine one, thou art gratified with me, then let this
spot be an excellent tirtka ! Let it be known by the name of
■Vadarapachana and let it be the favorite resort of Siddhas
and celestial Rishis . /4$ So also, O god of gods, let him who
observes a fast here and resides for three nights after having
cleansed himself, obtain the fruit of a twelve years' fast! 49 —
The god answered her, saying, — Let it be so ! — Praised by the
seven Rishis, the god then repaired to heaven. 50 Indeed, the
Rishis had been filled with wonder at sight of the god and
upon beholding the chaste Arundhati herself unspent and
still possessed of the hue of health and so capable of bearing
hunger and thirst. 81 Even thus the pure-souled Arundhati,
in days of old, obtained the highest success, like thee, O
highly blessed lady, for my sake, O damsel of rigid vows I 88
Thou, however, O amiable maiden, hast practised severer pen-
ances ! Gratified with thy vows, I shall also grant thee this
especial boon, O auspicious one," a boon that is superior to
what was granted to Arundhati ! Through the power of the
high-souled god who had granted that boon to Arundhati and
through the energy of thyself, amiable one, I shall duly
grant thee another boon now,** viz., that the person who will
reside in this tirtka for only one night and bathe here with
soul fixed (on meditation), will, after casting off his body,
obtain many regions of blessedness that are difficult of acqui-
sition (by other means) !' 5S — Having said these words unto the
cleansed Cruvavati, the thousand-eyed Cakra of great energy
then went back to heaven. 68 After the wielder of the thunder-
bolt, O king, had departed, a shower of celestial flowers of
sweet fragrance fell there, O chief of Bharata's race !" Celes-
tial kettle-drums also, of loud sound, were beat there. Auspi-
cious and perfumed breezes also blew there, O monarch !••
The auspicious Cruvavati then, casting off her body, became
the spouse of Indra. Obtaining that status through austere
penances, she began to pass her time, sporting with him for
ever and ever."' 3

Janamejaya said,— "Who was the mother of CruvaYati,

jParva."! Calya parva. 195

and how was that fair damsel reared ? I desire to hear this,
O Brahmana, for the curiosity I feel is great !"'°

Vaicampayana said, — "The vital seed of the regenerate and
high-souled Rishl Bharadwaja fell upon beholding the large-
eyed Apsard Ghritachi as the latter was passing at one time."
That foremost of ascetics thereupon held it in his hand. It
was then kept in a cup made of the leaves of a tree. In that
cup was born the girl Cruvavati." Having performed the
usual post-genital rites, the great ascetic Bharadwaja, endued
with wealth of penances, gave her a name." The name the
righteous-souled It i ski gave her in the presence of the gods
and Rishis was Cruvavati. Keeping the girl in his hermitage,
Bharadwaja repaired to the forests of Himavat. 64 That fore-
most one among the Yadus, viz., Valadeva of great dignity,
having bathed in that tirtha and given away much wealth
unto many foremost of Brahmanas, then proceeded, with soul
well fixed on meditation, to the tirtha of Cakra.""

Section XLIX.

Vaicampayana said, — 'The mighty chief of the Yadus, hav-
ing proceeded to Indra's tirtha, bathed there according to duo
rites and gave away wealth and gems unto the Brahmanas. 1
There the chief of the celestials had performed a hundred
horse-sacrifices and given away enormous wealth unto Vrihas-
pati.* Indeed, through the assistance of Brahmanas conver-
sant with the Vedas, Cakra performed all those sacrifices
there, according to rites ordained (in the scriptures). Those
sacrifices were such that everything in them was unstinted.
Steeds of all kinds were brought there. The gifts to Brah-
manas were profuse.' Having duly completed those hundred
sacrifices, O chief of the Bharatas, Cakra of great splendour
came to be called by the name of £atakratu. A That auspi-
cious and sacred tirtha, capable of cleansing from every sin,
thereupon came to be called after his name as Iadra-L'irtha.*
Having duly bathed there, Valadeva worshipped the Brahma-
nas with presents of excellent food and robes. He then pro-
ceeded to that auspicious and foremost of tirthaa called after

190 MAHABHAItATA, [GadaguddkH

the name of Rama.' The highly blessed Rama of Bhrigu's
race, endued with great ascetic merit, repeatedly subjugated
the Earth and slew all the foremost of Kshatriyas. 7 (After
achieving such feats) Rama performed in that tirtha a Vaja-
"peya sacrifice and a hundred horse-sacrifices through the
assistance of his preceptor Kacyapa, that best of Munis,
There, as sacrificial fee, Rama gave unto his preceptor the
whole Earth with her oceans. 8 The great Rama, having duly
bathed there, made presents unto the Bramamanas, O Janame-
jaya, and worshipped them thus. 9 Having made diverse pre-
sents consisting of diverse kinds of gems as also kine and

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