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and decked in celestial ornaments and garlands and smeared
with celestial unguents and perfumes." Beholding her blazing
with beauty, Galava's son became very happy and passed one
night in her company. At morn she said unto him. 17 — 'The
compact, Brahmana, I had mr.de with thee, hath been ful-
filled, foremost of ascetics ! Blessed be thou, I shall now
leave thee!' 18 After obtaining his permission, she once more
said. — 'He that will, with rapt attention, pass one night in
this tlrtha after having gratified the denizens of heaven with
ablations of water,' 9 shall obtain that merit which is his who
observes the vow of Brahmacharya fcr eight and fifty years !'••
Having said these words, that chaste lady departed for heaven,
The Rishi, her lord, became very cheerless, by dwelling upon
the memory of her beauty.* 1 In consequence of the compact
he had mala, he accepted with difficulty half her penances,
Casting off his body he soon followed her, moved by sorrow,
O chief of Bharata's race, and forced to it by her beauty."
Even this is the glorious history of the old maid that I have
told thee ! Even this is the account of her Brahmacharya
and her auspicious departure for heaven! 23 While there,
Valadeva heard of the slaughter of Calya. Having made
presents unto the Brahmanas there, he gave away to grief,
O scorcher of foes, for Calya who had been slain by the
Pandavas in battle.** Then he of Madhu's race, having come
out of the environs of Samantapanchaka, enquired of the
Jilshis ab)ut the results of the battle at Kurukshetra." Ask-
ed by that lion of Yadu's race about the results of the battle
at Kurukshetra. those high souled ones told him everything
as it had happened.'"



[Gaddyuddha



Section XLIII.



"The Risliis said, — '0 Rama, this Samantapanchaka is said
to be the eternal northern altar of Brahman the Lord of all
creatures. There the denizens of heaven, those givers of
great boons, performed in days of yore a great sacrifice. 1 That
foremost of royal sages, viz., the high-souled Kuril, of great
intelligence and immeasurable energy, had cultivated this field
for many years. Hence it came to be called Kunikshetra (the
field of Kuru) !' s

"Rama said, — 'For what reason did the high-souled Kuru
cultivate this field \ I desire to have this narrated by you, ye
liishis possessed of wealth of penances !' 8

"The Rishis said, — 'In days of yore, O Rama, Kuru was
engaged in perseveringly tilling the soil of this field. Cakra,
coming down from heaven, asked him the reason, saying, 4 — «
Why, king, art thou employed (in this task) with such per-
severance ? What is thy purpose, royal sage, for the ac-
complishment of which thou art tilling the soil?" — Kuru there-
upon replied, saying, — thou of a hundred sacrifices, they
that will die upon this plain shall proceed to regions of blessed-
ness after being cleansed of their sins ! 6 — The lord Cakra, ridi-
culing this, went back to heaven. The royal sage Kuru, how-
ever, without being at all depressed, continued to till the soil. 7
Cakra repeatedly came to him and repeatedly receiving the
same reply went away ridiculing him. Kuru, however, did
not, on that account, feel depressed. 8 Seeing the king till
the soil with unflagging perseverance, Cakra summoned the
celestials and informed them of the monarch's occupation. 9
Hearing Indra's words, the celestials said unto their chief of
a thousand eyes, — Stop the royal sage, O Cakra, by granting
him a boon, if thou canst ! 10 If men, by only dying there were
to come to heaven, without having performed sacrifices to us,
our very existence will be endangered !" — Thus exhorted, Cakra
then came back to that royal sage and said, — Do nut toil any
more ! Act according to my words ! ia Those men that will
die here, having abstained from food with all their senses



P^vva.] CALTA PARVA, 209

awake, and those that will perish hero in battle, shall, king,
come to heaven !*■ They; thou o^ great soul, shall enjoy
the blessings of heaven, O monarch !— Thus addressed, king
Kuru answered Cakra, saying, — So be it !'* — Taking Kuru'a
leave, the slayer of Vala, viz., Cakra, then, with a joyful
heart, quickly went back to heaven. 18 Even thus, fore-
most one of Yadu's race, that royal sage had, in days of yore,
tilled this plain and Cakra had promised great merit unto
those that would cast off their life-breaths here. 11 Indeed, it
was sanctioned by all the foremost ones, headed by Brahman,"
among the gods, and by the sacred lUsJiis, that on Earth there
should be no more sacred spot than this!' 7 Those men that
perform austere penances hore, would all, after casting off
their bodies, go to Brahman's abode. 18 Those meritorious
men, again, that would give away their wealth here, would
soon have their wealth doubled. 19 They, again, that will, in
expectation of good, reside constantly here, will never have
to behold the region of Yama. 10 Those kings that will perform
great sacrifices here will reside as long in heaven as Earth her-
self will last. 11 The chief of the celestials, viz., Cakra, had
himself composed a verse here and sang it. Listen to it, O
Valadeva !" — The very dust of Karukshetra, borne away by
the zo in J, shall cleanse 'persons of wicked acts and bear
them to heaven !*■ — The foremost ones amongst the gods, as
also those amongst the Brahmanas, and many foremost ones
among the kings of the Earth such as Nriga and others, hav-
ing performed costly sacrifices here, have, after abundoning
their bodies, proceeded to heaven.** The space between the
Tarantuka and the Arantnka and the lakes of Rama and Cha-
machakra, is known as Kurukshetra. Samantapanchaka is
called the northern (sacrificial) altar of Brahman, the Lord of
all creatures. 48 Auspicious and highly sacred and much re-
garded by the denizens of heaven is this spot that possesses
all attributes. It is for this that Kshatriyas slain in batfeli
here obtain sacred regions of eternal blessedness.'* Even this
was said by Cakra himself about the high blessedness cf
Kurukshetra. All that Cakra said was again approved ai.d
sanctioned by Brahman, by Viehnu, and by Mahetjwara.*"**

27



[Qadayuddhyst



Section LIV.

Yaic^mpayana said, — "Having visited Kurulcshetra and
given away wealth there, he of tho Satwata race then proceed-
ed, O Janamejaya, to a large and exceedingly beautiful her-
mitage. 1 That hermitage was overgrown with Madhuka and
mango trees, and abounded with Plakshas and Nyagrodhas,
And it contained many Vilwas and many excellent jack and
Arjuna trees. 8 Beholding that goodly asylum with many
marks of sacredness, Valadeva asked the Rishis as to whose
it was. 8 Those high-souled ones, O king, said unto Vala-
deva, — 'Listen in detail, O Rama, as to whose asylum this
was in days of yore !* Here the god Vishnu in days of yore
performed austere penances. Here he performed duly all the
eternal sacrifices.* Here a Brahmani maiden, leading from
youth the vow of Brahmacharya, became crowned with asce-
tic success. Ultimately, in the possession of Yoga powers,
that lady of ascetic penances proceeded to heaven.' The high-
souled Candilya, O king, got a beautiful daughter who was
chaste, wedded to severe vows, self-restrained, and observant
of Brahmacharya. 7 Having performed the severest of pe-
nances such as are incapable of being performed by women, the
blessed lady at last went to heaven, worshipped by the gods
and Brahmanas !' Having heard these words of the Rishis,
Valadeva entered that asylum. 8 Bidding a farewell to the
Rishis, Valadeva of unfading glory went through the perfor-
mance of all the rites and ceremonies of the evening twilight
on the side of Himavat and then began to his ascent of the
mountain.* The mighty Valarama having the device of the
palmyra on his banner had not proceeded far in his ascent
when he beheld a sacred and goodly tirtha and wondered at
the si^ht. 10 Beholding the glory of the Saraswati as also the
tirtha called Plakshapracravana, Vala next reached another
excellent and foremost of tirthas called Karavapana. 11 The
hero of the plough, of great strength, having made many pre-
sents there, bathed in the cool, clear, sacred, and sin-cleansing
w*fc*r (of that tirtha). 1 * Passing one night there with the






Parva.] salt a parva. Ill

ascetics and the Brahmanas, llama then proceeded to the
sacred asylum of the Mitravarunas. 1 " From Karavapnm he
proceeded to that spot on the Yamuna where in days of yore
Indra and Agni and Aryaman had obtained great happi-
ness. 1 * Bathing there, that bull of Yadu's race, of righteous
soul, obtained great happiness. The hero then sat himself
down with the Rishis and the Siddhas there for listening to
their excellent talk. 1 * There where Rama sat in the midst of
that conclave, the adorable Rishi Narada came (in course of
his wanderings). 1 * Covered with matted locks and attired in
golden rays, he bore in his hands, O king, a stalf made of
gold and a waterpot made of the same precious metal. 17 Ac-
complished in song and dance and adored by gods and
Brahmanas, he had with hira a beautiful Vina of melodious
notes, made of the tortoise-shell. 18 A provoker of quarrels
and ever fond of quarrel, the celestial Rishi came to that spot
where the handsome Rama was resting. 1 * Standing up and
sufficiently honoring the celestial Risk: of regulated vows,
Rama asked him about all that had happened to the Kurus.*'
Conversant with every duty and usage, Narada then, king,
told him everything, as it had happened, about the awful ex-
termination of the Kurus.* 1 The son of Rohini then, in
sorrowful words, enquired of the Rishi, saying, — 'What is the
state of the field t How are those kings now that had as-
sembled there? 1 * I have heard everything before, O thou
that art possessed of the wealth of penances, but my curiosity
is great for hearing it in detail !'*'

"Narada said, — 'Already Bhishma and Drona and the lord
of the Sindhus have fallen ! Vikartana's son Kama also hath
fallen, with his sons, those great car- warriors !** Bhuricravas
too, vj son of Rohini, and the valiant chief of the Madras have
fallen ! These and many other mighty heroes that had as-
sembled there,** ready to lay down dear life itself fur th«
victory of Duryodhana, — these kings and princi unreturning
from battle, — have all fallen !** Listen now to me, Madha-
va, about those that are yet alive ! In the army of Dhrita-
rashtra's son, only three grinders of hosts are yet alive i ,f
They are Kripst and Kritavarraan and the valiant son of Drcna !



212 JtAHABHARATA, [Qad&yuddka

These also, O Rama, have from fear fled away to the ten
p tints of the compass 1 " After Calya's fall and the flight of
Kripa and the others, Daryodhana, in great grief, had entered
the depths of the Dwaipayana lake. 89 While lying stretched
for rest at the bottom of the lake after stupifying its waters,
Daryodhana was approached by the Pandavas with Krishna
and pierced by them with their cruel words. 80 Pierced with
wordy dirts, O Rama, iiom every side, the mighty and heroic
Daryodhana hath risen from the ;ake, armed with his heavy
mace. 51 He hath come forward for fighting Bhima for the
present. Their terrible encounter, O Rama, will take plac8
today ! 81 If thou feelest any curiosity, then hasten, Ma-
dhava, without tarrying here ! Go, if thou wishest, and
witness that terrible battle between thy two disciples !' ""

Vaicampayana continued, — "Hearing these words of Na-
rada, Rama bade a respectful farewell to those foremost of
Brahmanas and dismissed all those that had accompanied him
(in his pilgrimage). 84 Indeed, he ordered his attendants, say-
ing, — 'Return ye to Dwaraka !' He then descended from that
prince of mountains and that fair hermitage called Plaksha-
.pracrayana," Having listened to the discourse of the sages
about the great merits of tirtlias, Rama of unfading glory
sang this verse in the midst of the Brahmanas : S6 — Where
.else is such happiness as that in a residence by the Saraswati ?
Where else such merits as those in a residence by the Sarawati ?
Uen have departed for heaven, having approached the Sara-
swati S All should ever remember the Saraswati ! 87 Saraswati
is the most sacred of rivers! 87 Saraswati always bestows the
greatest happiness on men ! Men, after approaching the
Saraswati, will not have to grieve for their sins either here
or hereafter!' 3 * Repeatedly casting his eyes with joy on the
Saraswati, that scorcher of foes then ascended an excellent
car unto which were yoked goodly steeds. 89 Journeying then
on that car of great fleetness, Valadeva, that bull of Yadu's
race, desirous of beholding the approaching encounter of his
two disciples, arrived on the field."*



'to






/arret]



Section LV.

Vaicampayana said, — "Even thus, Janamejaya, did that
terrible battle take place. King Dhritar&shtra, in great sor-
row, said these words with reference to it. 1

"Dhritaraahtra said, — 'Beholding Rama »ppr< ach that spot
when the mace fight was about to happen, how, Sanjaya,
did my son fight Bhima ?'*

"Sanjaya said, — 'Beholding the presence of Kama, thy
valiant son Duryodhana of mighty arms, desirous of battle,
became full of joy. 8 Seeing the hero of the plough, king
Yudhishchira, Bharata, stood up and duly honored him,
feeling great joy the while. He gave him a seat and enquired
about his welfare.* Rama then answered Yudjiishthira. in
these sweet and righteous words that were highlv beneficial to
heroes, viz..* — I have heard it said by the Itishis, O best of
kings, that Kurukshetra is a highly sacred and sin-clean?ing
spot, equal to heaven itself, adored by gods and liishis and
high-souled Brahmanas .* Those men that cast off their bodies
while engaged in battle on this field, are sure to reside, O sire,
in heaven with Cakra himself! 7 I shall, for this, O king,
speedily proceed to Samantapanchaka. In the world of gods,
that sp <t is kn >\vn as the northern (sacrificial) altar of Brahman
the Lord of all creatures ! 8 He that dies in buttle on that
eternal and in tst sacred of sp its in the three worlds, is
sure to obtain heaven'. 9 Saying. — So be it, — O monarch,
Kunti's brave son, the lord Yudhishthira, proceeded towards
Samantapanchaka. 10 King Duryodhana also, taking up his
gigantic mace, wrathfully proceeded on foot with the Panda-
vas." While proceeding thus, armed with mace and clad in
armour, the celestials in the welkin applauded him, saying, —
Excellent, Excellent ! — The Charan'aa fleet as air * seeing
the Ivuru king, became filled with delight. 1 * Surrounded by
the Pandavas, thy son, the Kuru king; proceeded, assumii \g



* Nilakantha explains that Ydrtikas means a class- of- Cftd.ran.oCS that
coved with great celerity like that of the air itself. — T^ . •'••*



214 hahabhakata, [QadZyuddha

the tread of an infuriate elephant. 11 All the points of the com-
pass were filled with the blare of conchs and the loud peals of
drums and the leonine roars of heroes. 1 * Proceeding with face
westwards to the appointed spot, with thy son (in their midst),
they scattered themselves on every side when they reached
it.'* That was an excellent tirtha on the southern side of
the Sara3wati. The ground there was not sandy and was,
therefore, selected for the encounter.* 1 * Clad in armour, and
armed with his mace of gigantic thickness, Bhima, O monarch,
assumed the form of the mighty Garuda. 17 With head-gear
fastened on his head, and wearing an armour made of gold,
licking the corners of his mouth, O monarch, with eyes red
in wrath, and breathing hard, thy son, on that field, king,
looked resplendent like the golden Sumeru." Taking up his
mace, king Duryodhana of great energy, casting his glances
on Bhimasena, challenged him to the encounter like an ele-
phant challenging a rival elephant." Similarly, the valiant
Bhima, taking up his adamantine mace, challenged the king
like a lion challenging a lion.* Duryodhana and Bhima,
with uplifted maces, looked in that battle like two mountains
with tall summits.* 1 Both of them were exceedingly angry ;
both were possessed of awful prowess ; in encounters with the
mace both were disciples of Rohini's intelligent son ;** both
resembled each other in their feats and looked like Maya and
Vasava. Both endued with great strength, both resembled
Varuna in achievements.* 8 Each resembling Vasudeva, or
Rama, or Vicravana's son (Ravana), they looked, O monarch,
like Madhu and Kaitabha.* 4 Each like the other in feats, they
looked like Sunda and Upasunda, or Rama and Ravana, or Vali
and Sugriva.*' Those two scorchers of foes looked like Kala and
Mrityu. They then ran towards each other like two infuriate
elephants,*' swelling with pride and mad with passion in the
season of autumn and longing for the companionship of a
she-elephant in her time. Each seemed to vomit upon the
other the poison of his wrath like two fiery snakes.* 7 Those

* Both 15 and 16 are differently read in the Bombay edition, The
Bengal reading, however, is preferable.— -T,



Parva.] calta parya. 21 »

two chastisera of foes cast the angriest of glances upon each
other. Both were tigers of Bharata's race, and each was
possessed of great prowess." In encounters with the mace,
those two scorchers of foes were irmncible like lions. Indeed,
O bull of Bharata's race, inspired with desire of victory, they
looked like two infuriate elephants. 11 Those heroes were
unbearable like two tigers accoutered with teeth and claws.
They were like two uncrossable oceans lashed into fury and
bent upon the destruction of creatures, 10 or like two angry
Suns risen for consuming everything. Those two mighty car-
warriors looked like an Eastern and a Western cloud agitated
by the wind, 11 roaring awfully and pouring torrents of rain
in the rainy season. Those two high-souled and mighty
heroes, both possessed of great splendour and effulgence,"
looked like two Suns risen at the hour of the Universal des-
truction. Looking like two enraged tigers or like two roaring
masses of clouds,** they became as glad as two maned lions.
Like two angry elephants or two blazing fires," those two
high-soulcd ones appeared like two mountains with tall sum-
mits. With lips swelling with rage and casting keen glances
upon each other, 8 * those two high-souled and best of men,
armed with maces, encountered each other. Both were filled
with joy and each regarded the other as a worthy opponent.**
and Vrikodara then resembled two goodly steeds neighing at
each other, or two elephants grunting at each other." Those
two foremost of men then looked resplendent like a couple of
Ddityas swelling with might. Then Duryodhana, monarch,
said these proud words unto Yudhishthira in the midst of his
brothers and of the high-souled Krishna and Rama of immea-
surable energy,'*"*' — Protected by the Kaikeyas and the Srin-
jayas and the high-souled Panchalas, behold ye with all these
foremost of kings, seated together, this battle that is about
to take place between me and Bhima ! — Hearing these words
of Duryodhana, they did as requested. 40 "" Then that large
concourse of kings sat down and was seen to look resplendent
like a conclave of celestials in heaven.* 1 In the midst of that
concourse the mighty-armed and handsome elder brother of
Kecava, O monarch, as he sat down, w;;s >yor?hipped by all



2l(j haHabharata, [Gud&ijuddk*

around him. 4 * In the midst of those kings, Valadeva clad in
blue robes and possessed of a fair complexion looked beautiful
like the moon at full surrounded in the night by thousands
of stars.** Meanwhile those two heroes, monarch, both
armed with maces and both unbearable by foes, stood there,
goading each other wir.h fierce speeches.* 5 Having addressed
each other in disagreeable and bitter words, those two foremost
of heroes of Kuril's race stood, casting angry glances upon each
other, like Cakra and Vritra in fight.' "* 6



Section LVI.

Vaic^mpayana said, — "At the outset. Janamejaya, a fierce
wordy encounter took place between the two heroes. With
respect to that, king Dhritarashtra, filled with grief, said
this, 1 — 'Oh, fie on man, who hath such an end ! My son,
O sinles? one, had been the lord of eleven chamus of troops!*
He had all the kings under his command and had enjoyed the
sovereignty of the whole Earth ! Alas, he that had been so,
was now a warrior proceeding to battle, on foot, shouldering
his mace ! s My poor son, who had before been the protector
of the universe, was now himself without protection ! Alas,
he had, on that occasion, to proceed on foot, shouldering his
mace ! What can it be but Destiny ?* Alas, Sanjaya, great
was the grief that was felt by my son now !' Having uttered
these words, that ruler of men, afflicted with great woe, became
silent.*

"Sinjaya said,— 'Deep-voiced like a cloud, Duryodhana then
roared from joy like a bovine bull. Possessed of great energy,
he challenged the son of Prifcha to battle.* When the high-
souled king of the Kurus thus summoned Bhima to the
encounter, diverse portents of an awful kind became notice-
able. 7 Fierce winds began to blow with loud noises at intervals,
and a shower of dust fell. All the points of the compass be-
came envelopod in a thick gloom." Thunder-bolts of loud peal
fell on all sides, causing a great confusion and making the
very hair to stand on end. Hundreds of meteors fell, bursting
with a loud -noise from the welkin.* Rahu swallowed the Sua



Parva.} cai.ya fauva, 217

most untimely, O monarch ' The Earth with her forests and
trees shook greatly. ,0 Hot winds blew, bearing showers of hard
pebbles along the ground. The summits of mountains fell
down on the Earth's surface. 11 Animals of diverse forms were
seen to run in all directions. Terrible and fierce jackals,
with blazing mouths, howled everywhere. 18 Loud and terrific
reports were heard on every side, making the hair to stand
on end. The four quarters seemed to be ablaze and many
were the animals of ill omen that became visible. 18 The water-
in the wells on every side swelled up of their own accord.
Loud sounds came from every side, without, king, visible
creatures to utter them. 14 Beholding these and other portents,
Vrikodara said unto his eldest brother, king Yudhishthira
the just, ,$ — This Suyodhana of wicked soul is not com-
petent to vanquish me in battle! I shall today vomit that
wrath, which I have been cherishing for a long while in the
secret recesses of my heart, 16 upon this ruler of the Kurus like
Arjuna throwing fire upon the forest of Khfmdava! Today,
O son of Panda, I shall extract the dart that lies sticking to
thy heart !I7 Slaying with my mace this sinful wretch of
Kuril's race, I shall today place around thy neck the garland of
Fame ! 18 Slaying this wight of sinful deeds with my mace
on the field of battle, I shall today, with this very mace of
mine, break his body into a hundred fragments ! 19 He shall
not have again to enter the city called after the elephant ! 10
The setting of snakes at us while we were asleep, the giving of
poison to us while wo ate, the casting of our body into the
water at Pramanakoti, the attempt to burn us at the house of
la?, 11 the insult offered us at the assembly, the robbing us of
all our possessions, the whole year of our living in concealment,
our exile into the woods, O sinless one,** of all these woes,
O best of Bharata's race, I shall today reach the end, O
bull of Bharata's line ! Slaying this wretch, I shall, in one
single day, pay off all the debts I owo him ! ig Today, the peril <1
of life, of this wicked son of Dhritarashtra, of uncleansed
s -nil, hath reached its close, chief of the Bharatas ! After
this day he shall not again look at his father and mother !"•
Today, monarch, the happiness of this wicked king of the

28



21* mahabharata, [QaddyuMha

Kurua hath come to an end ! After this day, monarch,
he shall not again cast his eyes on female beauty !** Today this
disgrace of Cantanu's line shall sleep on the bare Earth,
abandoning his life-breaths, his prosperity, and his kingdom !"
Today king Dhritarashtra also, hearing of the fall of his
son, shall recollect all those evil acts that were born of Cakuni r s
brain!" — Having said these words, O tiger among kings,
Vrikodara of great energy, armed with mace, stood for fight,
like Cakra challenging the Asura Vritra. 18 Beholding Duryo-
dhana also standing with uplifted mace like mount Kailasa
graced with its summit, Bhimasena, filled with wrath, once
more addressed him, saying, 3 ' — Recall to thy mind that evil



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