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act of thyself and king Dhritarashtra that occurred at Varna-
vata ! so Remember Draupadi who was ill-treated, while in
her season, in the midst of the assembly ! Remember the
deprivation of the king through dice by thyself and Suvala's
son ! 31 Remember that great woe suffered by us, in consequence
of thee, in the forest, as also in Virata's city as if we had once
more entered the womb! I shall avenge them all today!
By good luck, O thou of wicked soul, I see thee today ! 8 * Ife
is for thy sake that that foremost of car-warriors, viz., the
son of Ganga, of great prowess, struck down by Yajnasena's
son, sleepeth on a bed of arrows !" Drona also hath been
slain, and Kama, and Calya of great prowess ! Suvala's son
Cakuni too, that root of this fire of hostilities, hath been
slain ! s * The wretched Pratikamin, who had seized Draupa-
di's tresses, hath been slain ! All thy brave brothers also,
who fought with great valour, have been slain ! s * These
and many other kings have been slain through thy fault !
Thee too I shall slay today with my mace ! There is not the
slightest doubt in this I 8S — While Vrikodara, O monarch, was
uttering these words in a loud voice, thy fearless son of true
prowess answered him, saying, 87 — What use of such elaborate
brag ? Fight me, O Vrikodara ! O wretch of thy race, to-
day I shall destroy thy desire of battle! 88 Mean vermin
as thou art, know that Duryodhana is not capable, like an
ordinary person, of being terrified by a person like thee ! 89
For a long time have I cherished this desire ! For a long



Parva.] calyjl parta. 211

time hath this wish been in my heart ! By good luck the
gods have at last brought it about, viz., a mace-encounter
with thee !*° What use of long speeches and empty brag, O
wicked-souled one ! Accomplish these words of thine in acta !
Do not tarry at all !*' — Hearing those words of his, tho Somakas
and the other kings that were present there all applauded
them highly. 41 Applauded by all, Duryodhana's hair stood
erect with joy and he firmly set his heart on battle. 48 Tho
kings present once again cheered thy wrathful son with claps
like persons exciting an infuriate elephant to an encounter.**
The high-souled Vrikodara the son of Pandu then, uplifting
his mace, rushed furiously at thy high-souled son. 41 The
elephants present there grunted aloud and the steeds neighed
repeatedly. The weapons of the Pandavas who longed for
victory blazed forth of their own accord.' "*'



Section LVII.

"Sanjaya said, — 'Duryodhana, with heart undepressed, be-
holding Bhimasena in that state, rushed furiously against
him, uttering a loud roar. 1 They encountered each other like
two bulls encountering each other with their horns. The
strokes of their maces produced loud sounds like thoso of
thunder-bolts.* Each longing for victory, the battle that took
place between them was terrible, making the very hair to stand
on end, like that between Indra and Prahlada. 8 All their
limbs bathed in blood, the two high-souled warriors of great
energy, both armed with maces, looked like two Kingukas
decked with flowers. 4 During the progress of that great and
awful encounter, the welkin looked beautiful as if it swarmed
with fire-flies.** After that fierce and terrible battle had
lasted for some time, both those chastisers of foes became
fatigued.' Having rested for a little while, those two scorchers
of foes, taking up their handsome maces, once again began to
ward off each other's attacks. 7 Indeed, when those two war-



* This was due to the innumerable -parks of fire generated by the
repeated clash oi the maces.— T,



220 mahabharata. [Gaddyuddha

riors of great energy, those two foremost of men, both possess-
ed of great might, once more encountered each other after
having taken a little rest, they looked like two elephants
infuriate with passion and attacking each other for obtaining
the companionship of an elephantess in season. 8 Beholding
those two heroes, both armed with maces and each equal to
the ether in energy, the gods and Gandharvas and men be-
came filled with wonder. 9 Beholding Duryodhana and Vriko-
dara both armed with mace, all creatures became doubtful as
to who amongst them would be victorious. 10 Those two
cousins, those two foremost of mighty men, once again rush-
ing at each other and desiring to take advantage of each
other's laches, waited each watching the other. 11 The specta-
tors, king, beheld each armed with his uplifted mace, that
was heavy, fierce, and murderous, and that resembled the
bludgeon of Yama or the thunder-bolt of Indra. 1 * While
Bhimasena whirled his weapon, loud and awful was the sound
that it produced. 18 Beholding his foe, the son of Pandu, thus
whirling his mace endued with unrivalled impetuosity, Duryo-
dhana became filled with amazement. 14 Indeed, the heroic
Vrikodara, O Bharata, as he careered in diverse courses, pre-
sented a highly beautiful spectacle. 15 Both bent upon carefully
protecting themselves, as they approached, they repeatedly
mangled each other like two cats fighting for a piece of meat. 1 *
Bhimasena performed diverse kinds of evolutions. He coursed
in beautiful circles, advanced, and receded. 17 He dealt blows
and warded off those of his adversary, with wonderful activi-
ty. He took up various kinds of position (for attack and
defence). He delivered attacks and avoided those of his
antagonist. He ran at his foe, now turning to the right and
now to the left. 18 He advanced straight against the enemy.
He made ruses for drawing his fue. He stood immovable,
prepared for attacking his foe as soon as the latter would
expose himself to attack. He circumambulated his foe, and
prevented his foe from circumambulating him. He avoided
the blows of his foe by moving away in bent postures or
jumping aloft. 19 He struck, coming up to his foe face to face,
or dealt back-thrusts while moving away from him. Both



Parva.] calya part a. }{l

accomplished in encounters with the mace, Bhima and Duryo-
dhana thus careered and fought, and struck each other.'
Those two foremost ones of Kuril's race careered thus, each
avoiding the other's blows. Indeed, those two mighty warriors
thus coursed in circles and seemed to spurt with each other. 81
Displaying in that encounter their skill in battle, those two
chastisers of foes sometimes suddenly attacked each other with
their weapons," like two elephants approaching and attacking
each other with their tusks. Covered with blood, they looked
very beautiful, O monarch, on the field." Even thus occurred
that battle, awfully and before the gaze of a large multitude,
towards the close of the day, like the battle between Vritra
and Vasava. Armed with maces, both began to career in
circles.** Duryodhana, monarch, adopted the right man-
dala, while Bhimasena adopted the left mandala. n * While
Bhima was thus careering in circles on the field of battle,
Duryodhana, O monarch, suddenly struck him a fierce blow
on one of his flanks. 24 Struck by thy son, sire, Bhima
began to whirl his heavy mace for returning that blow."
The spectators, monarch, beheld that mace of Bhimasena
look as terrible as Indra's thunder-bolt or Yama's uplifted
bludgeon." Seeing Bhima whirl his mace, thy son, uplift-
ing his own terrible weapon, struck him again.* 9 Loud was
the sound, O Bharata, produced by the descent of thy son's
mace. So quick was that descent that it generated a flame
of fire in the welkin. 10 Coursing in diverse kinds of circles,
adopting each motion at the proper time, Suyodhana, possess-
ed of great energy, once more seemed to prevail over Bhima. 11
The massive mace of Bhimasena, meanwhile, whirled with
his whole force, produced a loud sound as also smoke and
sparks and flames of fire. 8 * Beholding Bhimasena whirling
his mace, Suyodhana also whirled his heavy and adamantine
weapon and presented a highly beautiful aspect." Marking



* /. e , Duryodhana wheeled around, always turning to bis right,
while his adversary wheeled around, turning to his left. Both the com-
batants advanced towards the centre of the lists as they thus wheeled
around.— T.



21* Kahabharata, [Qaddyuddha

the violence of the wind produced by the whirl of Duryo-
dhana's mace, a great fear entered the hearts of all the Pan-
dus and the Somakas. 84 Meanwhile those two chastisers of
foes, displaying on every side their skill in battle, continued
to strike each other with their maces, 8 ' like two elephants
approaching and striking each other with their tusks. Both
of them monarch, covered with blood, looked highly beauti-
ful. 8 ' Even thus progressed that awful battle before the gaze of
thousands of spectators at the close of day, like the fierce battle
that took place between Vritra and Vasava. 87 Beholding Bhima
firmly stationed on the field, thy mighty son, careering in
more beautiful motions, rushed towards that son of Kunti."
Filled with wrath, Bhima struck the mace, endued with great
impetuosity and adorned with gold, of the angry Duryodhana. 8 *
A loud sound with sparks of fire was produced by that clash
of the two maces which resembled the clash of two thunder-
bolts from opposite directions. 40 Hurled by Bhimasena, his
impetuous mace, as it fell down, caused the very Earth to
tremble. 41 The Kuru prince could not brook to see his own mace
thus baffled in that attack. Indeed, he became filled with rage
like an infuriate elephant at the sight of a rival elephant. 4 "
Adopting the left mandala, O monarch, and whirling his
mace, Suyodhana then, firmly resolved, struck the son of
Kunti on the head with his weapon of terrible force. 48 Thus
struck by thy son, Bhima the son of Pandu trembled not,
O monarch, at which all the spectators wondered exceedingly. 4 *
That amazing patience, O king, of Bhimasena, who stirred
not an inch though struck so violently, was applauded by
all the combatants present there. 41 Then Bhima of terrible
prowess hurled at Duryodhana his own heavy and blazing
mace adorned with gold. 4 ' That blow the mighty and fearless
Duryodhana warded off by his activity. Beholding this, great
was the wonder that the spectators felt. 47 That mace, hurled
by Bhima, O king, as it fell baffled of effect, produced a
loud sound like that of the thunder-bolt and caused the very
Earth to tremble. 48 Adopting the mancevre called Kaugika,
and repeatedly jumping up, Duryodhana, properly marking the
descent of Bhima's mace, baffled the latter, 43 Baffling Bhima'



Farva.] calya parva. 223

8Gna thus, tho Kuril king, endued with great strength, at
last in rage struck the former in the chest. 10 Struck very
forcibly by thy son in that dreadful battle, Bhimasena
became stupified and for a timo knew not what to do. 11
At that time, O king, the Somakas and the Pandavas be-
came greatly disappointed and very cheerless." Filled with
rage at that blow, Bhima then rushed at thy son like an
elephant rushing against an elephant.* 5 Indeed, with up-
lifted mace, Bhima rushed furiously at Duryodhana like
ft lion rushing against a wild elephant.'* Approaching the
Kuru king, the son of Pandu, O monarch, accomplished in
the use of the mace, began to whirl his weapon, taking
aim at thy vson." Bhimasena then struck Duryodhana on
one of his flanks. Stupified at that blow, the latter fell down
on the Earth, supporting himself on his knees.' 8 When
that foremost one of Kuril's race fell upon his knees, a
loud cry arose from among the Srinjayas, ruler of the
world !" Hearing that loud uproar of the Srinjayas, O
bull among men, thy son became filled with rage. 68 The
mighty-armed hero, rising up, began to breathe like a mighty-
snake, and seemed to burn Bhimasena by casting his glances
upon him." That foremost one of Bharata's race then rushed
at Bhimasena, as if he would that time crush the head of his
antagonist in that battle. 10 The high-souled Duryodhana of
terrible prowess then struck the high-souled Bhimasena on the
forehead. The latter, however, moved not an inch but stood
immovable like a mountain. 81 Thus struck in that battle,
the son of Pritha, O monarch, looked beautiful, as he bled
profusely, like an elephant of rent temples with juicy scere-
tions trickling adown. 8 ' The elder brother of Dhananjaya
then, that crusher of foes, taking up his hero-slaying macs
made of iron and producing a sound loud as that of the
thunder-bolt, struck his adversary with great force. 88 Struck
by Bhimasena, thy son fell down, his frame trembling all over,
like a gigantic (pdla in the forest, decked with flowers, uprooted
by the violence of the tempest. 8 * Beholding thy son prostrat-
ed on the Earth, the Pandavas became exceedingly glad and
uttered loud cries. Recovering his consciousness, thy son



224 MAHABHARATA, [GadSyuddhi

then rose, like an elephant from a lake.** That ever-wrathful
monarch and great car-warrior then, careering with great skill,
struck Bhimasena who was standing before him. At this, the
son of Paudu, with weakened limbs, fell down on the Earth."
Having by his energy prostrated Bhimasena on the ground, the
Kuru prince uttered a leonine roar. By the descent of his
mace, whose violence resembled that of the thunder, he had,
fractured Bhima's coat of mail. 67 A loud uproar was then
heard in the welkin, made by the denizens of heaven and the
Apsarus. A flora! shower, emitting great fragrance, fell, rained
by the celestials. 63 Beholding Bhima prostrated on the Earth,
and weakened in strength, and seeing his coat of mail laid open,
a great fear entered the hearts of our foes. 69 Recovering his
senses in a moment, and wiping his face which had been dyed
with blood, and mustering great patience, Vrikodara stood up,
with rolling eyes, steadying himself with great effort. 70 '



Section LVIII.

"Sinjaya said, — 'Beholding that fight thus raging between
those two foremost heroes of Kuril's race, Arjuna said unto
Vasudeva,' — Between these two, who, in thy opinion, ia
superior? Who amongst them hath what meirt ? Tell me
this, Janarddana ! — '"

" 'Vasudeva said, — The instruction received by them hath
been equal. Bhima, however, is possessed of greater might,
while the son of Dhritarashtra is possessed of greater skill
and hath laboured more. 8 If he were to fight fairly, Bhima-
sena will never succeed in winning the victory. If, how-
e\er, he fights unfairly, he will surely be able to slay
])uryodhana.* The Amras were vanquished by the gods
with the aid of deception. We have heard this. Virochana
was vanquished by Cakra with the aid of deception. 8 The
slayer of Vala deprived Vritra of his energy by an acfe
of deception. Therefore, let Bhimasena put forth his prow-
ess, aided by deception !' At the time of the gambling,
Dhananjaya, Bhima vowed to break the thighs of Suyodhana
with his mace in battle. 7 Let this crubher of foes, therefore,



Parva.] calya pauva., 225

accomplish that vow of his ' Let him, with deception, alay
the Kuru king who is full of deception." If Bhima, depend-
ing upon his might alone, were to fight fairly, king Yudhish-
thira will hav« to incur great danger. 1 I tell thee again,
son of Panda, listen to me ! It is through the fault of
king Yudhishthira alone that danger hath once more over-
taken us !'° Having achieved great feats by the slaughter of
Bhishma and the other Ivurus, the king had won victory and
fame and had almost attained to the end of the hostilities. 11
Having thus obtained the victory, he placed himself once
more in a situation of doubt and peril. This has been an act
of great folly on the part of Yudhishthira, Pandava, 1 "
since he hath made the result of the battle depend upon the
victory or the defeat of only one warrior! Suyodhana is
accomplished, he is a hero; he is again firmly resolved."
This old verse uttered by Ucanas hath been heard by us.
L'sfeen to me as I recite it to thee with its true sense and mean-
ing !'* — Those amongst the remnant of a hostile force broken
flying away for life that rally and come back to the fight,
should always be feared, for they are firmly resolved and
have but one purpose !*" — Cakra himself, O Dhananjaya,
cannot stand before them that rush in fury, having abanduned
all hope of life." This Suyodhana had broken and fled. All
his troop3 had been killed. He had entered the depths of a
lake. He had been defeated and, therefore, he had desired
to retire into the woods, having become hopeless of retaining
his kingdom. What man is there, possessed of any wisdom,
that would challenge such a person to a single-combat? 17 I
do not know whether Duryodhana may not succeed in snatch-
ing the kingdom that had already become ours ! For full
thirteen years he practised with the mace with great resolu-
tion. Even now, for slaying Bhimasena, he jumpeth up



(* c f. Lord Byron's lines in the Corsair : —

•And flame for flune and blo<> d t r * lood nwst fell,
The tide of triumph ebbea that flow'd too well —
When wrath returns to renovated strife,
And all those who fought for conquest strike for ! fe,"~

23



226 kababharata, {Gaddyuddha

and ieapeth transversely ! 18 If the mighty-armed Bhima do
not slay him unfairly, the son of Dhritarashtra will surely re-
main king r 1 ' — Having heard those words of the high-souled
Kecava, Dhananjaya struck his own left thigh before the eyes
of Bhitnasena.** Understanding that sign, Bhima began to
career with his uplifted mace, making many a beautiful circle
and many a Yamaha and other kinds of manoeveres. 81 Some
times adopting the right mandala, sometimes the left man-
data, and sometimes the motion called Oomutraka, the son of
Pandu began to career, O king, stupifying his foe." Simi-
larly, thy son, O monarch, who was well conversant with
encounters with the mace, careered beautifully and with greafe
activity, for slaying Bhimasena." Whirling their terrible maces
which were smeared with sandal paste and other perfumed
unguents, the two heroes, desirous of reaching th© end of
their hostilities, careered in that battle like two angry Yamas. 8 *
Desirous of slaying each other, those two fojemost of men,
possessed of great heroism, fought like two Gaduras desirous
of catching the same snake.** While the king and Bhima
careered in beautiful circles, their maces clashed, and sparks
of fire were generated by those repeated clashes.*' Those two
heroic and mighty warriors struck each other equally in that
battle. They then resembled, monarch, two oceans agitated
by the tempest.* 7 Striking each other equally like two in-
furiate elephants, their clashing maces produced peals of thun-
der.* 8 During the progress of that dreadful and fierce battle
at close quarters, both those ehastisers of foes, while battling,
became fatigued.* 9 Having rested for a while, those two
scorchers of foes, filled with rage and uplifting their maces,
once more began to battle with each other. 89 When by the
repeated descents of their maces, O monarch, they mangled
each other, the battle they fought became exceedingly dreadful
and perfectly unrestrained. 81 Rushing at each other in that
encounter, those two heroes, possessed of eyes like those of
bulls and endued with great activity, struck each other fiercely
}ike two baffaloes in the mire.** All their limbs mangled and
bruised, and covered with blood from head to foot, they looked
like- a couple of Kincukcw on the breast of Hiraavat," During



Parva.] <balya parva, 227

the progress of the encounter, when Vrikodara (a» a ruse)
seemed to give Duryodhana an opportunity, the latter, smiling
a little, advanced forward.** Well-skilled in battle, the mighty
Vrikodara, beholding his adversary come up, suddenly hurled
his mace at him." Seeing the mace hurled at him, thy son,
O monarch, moved away from that spot at which the weapon
fell down baffled on the Earth.'* Having warded off that
blow, thy son, that foremost one of Kuril's race, quickly-
struck Bhimasena with his weapon." In consequence of the
large quantity of blood drawn by that blow, as also owing to.
the violence itself of the blow, Bhimasena of immeasurable
energy seemed to be stupified." Duryodhana, however, knew
not that the son of Pandu was so afflicted at that moment.
Though deeply afflicted, Bhima sustained himself, summoning
all his patience. 59 Duryodhana, therefore, regarded him to be
unmoved and ready to return the blow. It was for this that
thy son did not then strike him again. 4 ' Having rested fur a
little while, the valiant Bhimasena rushed furiously, O king,
at Duryodhana who was standing near. 41 Beholding Bhima
sena of immeasurable energy, filled with rage and rushing
towards him, thy high-souled son, O bull of Bharata'a race,
desiring to baffle his blow, set his heart on the manoevre called
Avasthana. He, therefore, desired to jump upwards, O mon-
arch, for beguiling Vrikodara. 4 *" 48 Bhimasena fully understood
the intentions of his adversary. Rushing, therefore, at him.
with a loud leonine roar, 44 he fiercely hurled his mace at th<s
thighs of the Kuru king as the latter had jumped up fur
baffling the first aim. 4 ' That mace, endued with the force of
the thunder and hurled by Bhima of terrible feats, fractured
the two handsome thighs of Duryodhana. 4 ' That tiger among
men, viz., thy son, after his thighs hcd been broken by Bhima-
sena, fell down, causing the Earth to echo with his fall. 47
Fierce winds began to blow, with loud sounds at repeated in-
tervals. Showers of dust fell. The Earth, with her trees and
plants and mountains, began to tremble. 41 Upon the fall of
that hero who was the head of all monarchs on Earth, £eue
and firy winds blew with a loud noise and with thunder falling
frequently, Indeed., when that lord of Earth fell, large meteors



22S



MAHABHA2UTJL



[Saddyuddha



were seen to flash down from the sky.*' Bloody showers, aa
also showers of dust, fell, O Bharata ! These were poured by
Magavat, upon the fall of thy son ! 50 A loud noise was heard,
O bull of Bharata's race, in the welkin, made by the Yakshas,
and the R.lkshasas and the Pipcichas.* 1 At that terrible sound,
animals and birds, numbering in thousands, began to utter a
more frightful noise on every side." Those steeds and ele-
phants and human beings that formed the (unslain) remnant of
the (Pandava) host uttered loud cries when thy son fell. Loud
also became the blare of conchs and the peal of drums and
cymbals." A terrific noise seemed to come from with the
bowels of the Eirth. Upm the fall of thy son, O monarch,
headless beings of frightful forms, possessed of many legs and
many arms, and inspiring all creatures with dread, began to
dance and cover the Earth on all sides. 5 * Combatants, king,
that stood with standards or weapons in their arms, began to
tremble, king, when thy son fell. 65 Lakes and wells, best
of kings, vomited forth blood. Rivers of rapid currents flowed
in opposite directions. 86 Women seemed to look like men,
and men to look like women, at that hour, O king, when thy
son Duryodhana fell ! S7 Beholding those wonderful portents,
the Panchalas and the Pandavas, bull of Bharata's race,
became filled with anxiety. 53 The gods and the Gandharvas
■went away to the regions they desired, talking, as they pro-
ceeded, of that wonderful battle between thy sons. 59 Similarly
the Siddhas, and the Chdranas of the fleetest course, went to
those places from which they had come, applauding those
two lions among men.' " £0



Section LIX.

"Sanjaya said,— "Beholding Duryodhana felled upon the
Earth like a gigantic Cala uprooted (by the tempest), the
Pandavas became filled with joy. 1 The Somakas also beheld,
■with hair standing on end, the Kuru king felled upon the
Earth like an infuriate elephant felled by a lion. 8 Having
struck Duryodhana down, the valiant Bhimasena, approaching
Jh$ Kuru chief, addressed him, saying.*— wretch, formerly



parva.] calta parva, 229

laughing at the disrobed, Draupadi in the midst of the assem-
bly, thou hadst, fool, addressed us as— Cow, Cow /*— Bear
now the fruit of that insult !— Having said these words, he
touched the head of his fallen foe with his left foot. Indeed, ho
struck the head of that lion among kings with his foot. 1 With
eyes red in wrath, Bhimasena, that grinder of hostile armies,
once more said these words. Listen to them, O monarch !' —
They that danced at us insultingly, saying,— Cow, Cow,— we
shall now dance at them, uttering the same words, viz.,— Cow,
Cow! 7 — We have no guile, no fire, no match at dice, no decep-
tion ! Depending upon the might of our own arms we resist and
check our foes!* — Having attained to the other shores of those



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