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desirous of slaying them, on his tusker white as snow and
adorned with gold and looking like a Himalayan summit. 16
Danda struck Janiirddana with three whetted lances bright
as the rays of the Sun, and Arjuna with five, and uttered a
loud shout. The son of Pandu then, uttering a loud shout,
cut off the two arms of Danda. 17 Cut off by means of razor-
headed shafts, those two arms, smeared with sandal-paste,
adorned with ancjadas, and with lances in grasp, as they fell
from the elephant's back at the same instant of time, looked
resplendent like a couple of large snakes of great beauty
falling down from a mountain-summit. 18 Cut off with a cre-
scent-shaped arrow by the diadem-decked (Partha), the head
also of Danda fell down on the Earth from the elephant's
back, and covered with blood it looked resplendent as it lay
like the Sun dropped from the Asta mountain towards the
western quarter. 19 Then Partha pierced with many excellent
arro ws bright as the rays of the Sun that elephant of his foe,



56 MAHABHARATA.

resembling a mass of white clouds, whereupon it fell down with
a loud noise like a Himalayan summit riven with thunder.*
Then other huge elephants capable of winning victory and re-
sembling the two already slain, were cut off by Savyasachin, m
that battle, even as the two (belonging to Danda and Danda-
dhara) had been cut off. At this the vast hostile force broke. 81
Then elephants and cars and steeds and men, in dense throngs,
clashed against one another and fell down on the field. Tot-
tering, they violently struck one another and fell down deprived
of life. 23 Then his soldiers, encompassing Arjuna like the ce-
lestials encompassing Purandara, began to say, — hero, that
foe of whom we had been frightened like creatures at the sight
of Death himself, hath, by good luck, been slain by thee !"
If thou hadst not protected from that fear those people that
were so deeply afflicted by mighty foes, then by this time our
foes would have felt that delight which we now feel at their
death, O slayer of enemies ! 84 — Hearing these and other words
uttered by friends and allies, Arjuna, with a cheerful heart,
worshipped those men, each according to his deserts, and
proceeded once more against the Samsaptakas.' " 2S



Section XIX.

"Sanjaya said,— 'Wheeling round, like the planet Mercury
in the curvature of its orbit, Jishnu once more slew large
numbers of the Samsaptakas. 1 Afflicted with the shafts of
Partha, king, men, steeds, and elephants, O Bharata, waver-
ed and wandered and lost color and fell down and died.* Many
foremost of animals tied to yokes, and drivers, and standards,
and bows, and shafts, and hands, and weapons in grasp, and
arms, and heads, of heroic foes fighting with him, the son of
Pandu cut off in that battle, with arrows, some of which were
broad-headed, some equipt with heads like razors, some crescent-
shaped, and some furnished with heads iike the calf's tooth. 8 " 4
Like bulls fighting with a bull for the sake of a cow in season*
brave warriors, by hundreds and thousands, closed upon Arjuna. 6
The battle that took place between them and him made tk©



KARNA PARVA. 57

hair to stand on end, like the encounter between the Daityas
and the wielder of the thunder-bolt <>n the occasion of the
conquest of the three worlds. 5 Then the son of Ugrayudha
pierced Partha with three shafts resembling throe venomous
snakes. Parfcha, however, cut off from his enemy's trunk the
latter's head. 7 Then those warriors, filled with rage, covered
Arjuna from every side with diverse kinds of weapons, like
the clouds urged by the Maruts shrouding Himavat at the
close of summer. 3 Checking with his own weapons those
of his foes on every side, Arjuna slew a large number of his
enemies with well-shot shafts. 9 With his arrows Arjuna then
cut off the Trivenus, the steeds, the drivers, and the Parshni
drivers of many cars, and displaced the weapons and quivers of
many, and deprived many of their wheels and standards, and
broke the chords, the traces, and the axles of many, and des-
troyed the bottoms and yokes of others, and caused all the
equipments of many to fall off from their places. 10 " 11 Those
cars, thus smashed and injured by Arjuna in large numbers,
looked like the luxurious mansions of the rich destroyed by
■fire, wind, and rain. 12 Elephants, their vitals pierced with
shafts resembling thunder-bolts in impetuosity, fell down like
mansions on mountain-tops overthrown by blasts of lightning. 15
Large numbers of steeds with their riders, struck by Arjuna,
fell down on the Earth, their tongues and entrails pressed out,
themselves deprived of strength and bathed in blood, and pre-
senting an awful sight. 14 Men and steeds and elephants, pierced
by Savyasachin with his shafts, wandered and tottered and fell
down and uttered cries of pain and looked pale, sire ! 1S Like
Mahendra smiting down the Ddnavas, Partha smote down large
numbers of his foes, by means of shafts whetted on stone and
resembling the thunder or poison in deadliness. 18 Brave war-
riors, cased in costly coats of mail and decked with ornaments,
and armed with diverse kinds of weapons, lay on the field, with
their cars and standards, slain by Partha. 17 Vanquished (and
deprived of life), persons of righteous deeds, possessed of noble
birth and great knowledge, proceeded to heaven in consequence
of those glorious deeds of theirs, while their bodies only lay
on Earth." Then the chiefs, belonging to thy army, of various



5-8 MAHABHARATA.

realms, filled with wrath and accompanied by their followers,
rushed against Arjuna, that, foremost of car-warriors. 13 War-
riors borne on their cars and steeds and elephants, and foot-
soldiers also, all d:sirous of slaying (Arjuna), rushed towards
him, shooting diverse weapons with great speed. 80 Then the
Arjuna- wind, by means of keen shafts, destroyed that thick
shower of weapons dropped by those warriors constituting a
mass of congregated clouds. 21 People then beheld Arjuna
crossing that raftless ocean constituted by steeds and foot-sold-
iers and elephants and cars, and having mighty weapons for its
waves, on a bridge constituted by his own mighty weapons
of offence and defence. 88 Then Vasudeva, addressing Partha,
said, — Why, O sinless one, dost thou sport in this way ?
Grinding these Samsaptakas, haste thyself for Kama's slaught-
er I" — Saying, — So be it — unto Krishna. Arjuna then, forcibly
smiting the remnant of the Samsaptakas with his weapons,
began to destroy them like Irklra destroying the Daityas.™
At that time, with even the closest attention, men could not
mark when Arjuna took out his shafts, Avhen he aimed them,
and when he let them off quickly. 88 Govinda himself, Bha-
rata, regarded it wonderful. Like swans diving into a lake,
the shafts of Arjuna, white and active as swans, penetrated
into the hostile force. 88 Then Govinda, beholding the field of
battle during the progress of that carnage, said these words to
Savyasachin : 27 — Here, O Partha, for the sake of Duryodhana
alone, occurreth this great and terrible destruction of the
Bharata* and other kings of the Earth ! 28 Behold, O son of
Bharata, these bows, with golden backs, of many mighty bow-
men, and these girdles and quivers loosened from their bodies ! 89
Behold these straight shafts equipt with wings of gold, and
these long arroAvs washed with oil and looking like snakes
freed from their sloughs ! so Behold these beautiful lances deck-
ed with gold, lying scattered about, and theso coats of mail,
O Bharata, adorned with gold and fallen off from the bodies
of the warriors ! S1 Behold these spears embellished with gold,
these darts adorned with the same metal, and these huge maces
twined round with threads of gold and chords of hemp ! 88
Behold those swords decked with bright gold and these axes



ftAtlNA PAIlVA. 63

adorned with the same, and these battle-axes equipt with gold-
decked handles! 53 Behold also these spiked clubs, these short
arrows, these Bhugundis, and these Kanajms ; these iron
Kuntas lying around, and these heavy Mushalas /'* These
victory-longing warriors endued with gr.eat activity and armed
with diverse weapons, though dead, still seem to be quick with
life ! ? * Behold those thousands of warriors, their limbs crushed
with maces, and heads split with Mushalas or smashed and torn
by elephants and steeds and cars ! ss O slayer of foes, the field
of battle is strewn with the bodies of men and elephants and
steeds, deprived of life, dreadfully mangled with shafts and
darts and swords and lances and scimitars and axes and spears
and Nakharas and bludgeons, and bathed in streams of
blood ! 37-38 Strewn with arms smeared with sandal-paste and
decked with Angadas and graced with auspicious indications
and cased in leathern fences and adorned with Keyuras, the
Earth looks resplendent, O Bharata ! 39 Strewn also with hands
having fingers cased in fences, decked with ornaments, and
lopped off from arms, and with severed thighs looking like
the trunks of elephants, of heroes endued with great activity,
and with heads adorned with ear-rings and headgears set
with gems, (the Earth looks exceedingly beautiful) !* 9 Behold
those beautiful cars, decked with golden bells, broken in
diverse ways ! Behold those numerous steeds bathed in blood,
those bottoms of cars, and long quivers, and diverse kinds of
standards and banners, 41 and those huge conchs of the com-
batants, and those yak tails perfectly white, and those ele-
phants with tongues lolling out and lying on the field like
hills, 4 * and those beautiful with triumphal banners, and those
slain elephant-warriors, and those rich coverlets, each consisting
of one piece of blanket, fur the backs of those huge beasts,*'
and those beautiful and variegated and torn blankets, and
those numerous bells loosened from the bodies of elephants
and broken into fragments by those falling creatures, 44 and
those hooks with handles set with stones of lajns lazuli fallen
upon the Earth, and those ornamented yokes of steeds, and th •
armours, set with diamonds, for their breasts, and those rich
cloths, adorned with gold and tied to the ends of the standards



60 MAHABHARATA.

borne by horsemen, 43 * and those variegated coverlets and
housings and Rank a skins, set with brilliants and inlaid with
gold, for the backs of steeds, and fallen on the ground, 46 and
those large diamonds adorning the headgears of kings, and
those beautiful necklaces of gold, and those umbrellas displaced
from their positions, and those yak-tails and fans ! 47 Behold
the Earth strewn with faces adorned with ear-rings, bright as
the moon or stars, and embellished with well-cut beards, and
each looking like the full moon ! 48 The Earth, strewn with
those faces looking like lilies and lotuses, resembles a lake
adorned with a dense assemblage of lilies and lotuses. 49 Be-
hold, the Earth, possessing the effulgence of the bright moon
and diversified as if with myriads of stars, looks like the
autumnal firmament baspangled with stellar lights ! so Arjuna,
these feats that have been achieved by thee in great battle to-
day, are, indeed, worthy of thee or of the chief of the celes-
tials himself in heaven ,S1 — Even thus did Krishna show the
field of battle unto Arjuna. And while returning (from the
field to their camp), they heard a loud noise in the army of Dur-
yodhana." Indeed, the uproar that was heard consisted of the
blare of conchs and the beat of cymbals and drums and Patahas
and the clatter of car-wheels, the neigh of steeds, the grunt of
elephants, and the fierce clash of weapons. 58 Penetrating into
that force by the aid of his steeds possessing the fleetness of
the wind, Krishna became filled with wonder upon beholding
thy army grinded by Pandya. 54 Like Yama himself slaying
creatures whose lives have run out, Pfindya, that foremost of
warriors skilled in shafts and weapons, was destroying crowds
of foes by means of diverse kinds of shafts. 50 Piercing the
bodies of elephants and steeds and men with sharp shafts, that
foremost of smiters overthrew and deprived them of life. 56 Cut-
ting off with his own shafts the diverse weapons hurled at him
by many foremost of foes, Pandya slew his enemies like Cakra
destroying the Danavas.' " 57



* This is a triplet in the Bengal texts.— T.



Section XX.

"Dhritarashtra said, — 'Thou didst before mention to mc
the name of Pfindya, that hero of world-wide celebrity, but his
feats, Sanjaya, in battle, have never been narrated by thee !"
Tell mo today in detail of the prowess of that great hero, his skill,
spirit, and energy, the measure of his might, and his pride !'*

"Sanjaya said, — 'Bhishma and Drona and Kripa and Drona's
son and Kama and Arjuna and Janarddana, those thorough
masters of the science of weapons, are regarded by thee as
the foremost of car-warriors. Know, however, that Pandya
regarded himself superior to all these foremost of car-warriors
in energy ! Indeed, he never regarded any one amongst the
kings as equal to himself. 5 ** He never admitted his equality
with Kama and Bhishma. Nor did he admit within his heart
that he was inferior in any respect to Vasudeva or Arjuna. 8
Even such was Pandya, that foremost of kings, that first of
all wielders of weapons. Filled with rage like the Destroyer
himself, Pandya, at that time, was slaughtering the army of
Kama. 6 That force swelling with cars and steeds and teeming
with foremost of foot-soldiers, struck by Pandya, began to
turn round like the potter's wheel. 7 Like the wind dispersing
a mass of congregated clouds, Pandya, with his well-shot
arrows, began to disperse that force, destroying its steeds and
drivers and standards and cars and causing its weapons and
elephants to fall down. 8 Like the splitter of mountains
striking down mountains with his thunder, Pandya overthrow
elephants with their riders, having previously cut down the
standards and banners and weapons with which they were
armed, as also the foot-soldiers that protected those beasts. 9
And he cut down horses, and horsemen with their darts
and lances and quivers. Mangling with his shafts the Pulindas,
the Khasas, the Valhikas, the Nishadas, the Andhakas, the
Tanganas, the Southerners, and the Bhojas, all of whom, en-
dued with great courage, were unyielding and obstinate in
battle, and divesting them of their weapons and coats of mail,
Pandya deprived them of their lives. l0_u Beholding Pandya
destroying with his shafts; in battle that host ting



G2 Ma.habUara.ta.

of four kinds of forces, the son of Drona fearlessly proceeded
towards that fearless warrior. 18 Fearlessly addressing in sweet
words that warrior who then seemed to dance on his car,
Drona's son, that foremost of smiters, smiling the while, sum-
moned him and said, 18 — king, thou with eyes like the
petals of the lotus, thy birth is noble and learning great ! Of
celebrated might and prowess, thou resemblest Indra himself !'*
Stretching with thy two massive arms the bow held by thee
and whose large string is attached to thy grasp, thou lookest
beautiful like a mass of congregated clouds as thou pourest
over thy foes thick showers of impetuous shafts ! I do not
see anybody save myself that can be a match for thee in
battle I 1 *" 1 * A lone thou crushest numerous cars and elephants
and foot-soldiers and steeds, like the fearless lion of terrible
might crushing herds of deer in the forest. 17 Making the wel-
kin and the Earth resound with the loud clatter of thy car-
wheels, thou lookest resplendent, O king, like a crop-destroy-
ing autumnal cloud of loud roars. 18 Taking out of thy quiver
and shooting thy keen shafts resembling snakes- of virulent
poison, fight with myself only, like (the Asura) Andhaka
fighting with the Three-eyed deity ! 19 — Thus addressed, Pandya
answered, — So be it ! — Then Drona's son, telling him, — Strike,
— assailed him with vigor. In return, Malayadhwa-ja pierced
the son of Drona with a barbed arrow.' Then Drona's son,
that best of preceptors, smiling the while, struck Pandya with
some fierce arrows, capable of penetrating into the very vitals
and resembiing flames of fire. 21 Then Acwatthaman once more
sped at his foe some other large arrows equipt with keen points
and capable of piercing the very vitals, causing them to course
through the welkin with the ten different kinds of motion.***
Pandya, however, with nine shafts of his cut off all those
arrows of his antagonist. With four other shafts he afflicted the
four steeds of his foe, at which they speedily expired. 23 Hav-
ing then, with his sharp shafts, cut off the arrows of Drona's

* These are, upwards, downwards, straight, transverse, etc. Diff-
erent limbs require to be pierced with arrows inspired with different
kinds of motion. — T.



KiR.VA PARVA, 63

san, Pandya thon cut off the streehod bowstring of Ac.watthfi-
i i:iii endued with the splendour of the Sun. 84 Then Drona's
son, that slayer of foes, stringing his unstringed bow, and seo-
ing that his men had meanwhile speedily yoked other excellent)
steeds unto his car, 25 sped thousands of arrows (at his foe). By
this, that regenerate one filled the entire welkin and the ten
points of the compass with his arrows. 25 Although knowing
that those shafts of the high-souled son of Drona employed in
shooting were really inexhaustible, yet Pandya, that bull
among men, cut them all into pieces. 27 The antagonist of
Ae,waHhaman, carefully cutting off all those shafts shot by the
latter, then slew with his own keen shafts the two protectors of
the latter's car-wheels in that encounter. 23 Beholding the light-
ness of hand displayed by his foe, Drona's son, drawing his bow
to a circle, began to shoot his arrows liko a mass of clouds
pouring torrents of rain.* 2 ' During that space of time, O
sire, which consisted only of the eighth part of a day, the son
of Drona shot as many arrows as were carried on eight carts,
each drawn by eight bullocks. 50 Almost all those men that
then beheld Acwatthilman, who at that time looked like the
Destroyer himself filled with rage, or rather the Destroyer
of the Destroyer, lost their senses. 81 Like a mass of clouds at
the close of summer drenching with torrents of rain the Earth
with her mountians and trees, the preceptor's son poured on
that hostile force his arrowy shower. 39 Baffling with the
Vayavya weapon that unbearable shower of arrows shot by
the Acwatthaman-cloud, the Pandya-wind, filled with joy, utter-
ed loud roars. 33 Then Drona's son, cutting off the standard,
smeared with sandal-paste and other perfumed unguents and
bearing the device of the Malaya mountain on it, of the roaring
Pandya, slew the four steeds of the latter. 34 Slaying then his
foe's driver with a single shaft, and cutting off with a crescent-
shaped arrow the bow also of that warrior whose twang re-
sembled the roar of the clouds, Acwatthaman cut off his enemy's
car into minute fragments. 31 Checking with his weapons those

* Puskdnujx, the younger brother of Surra, i: c, the deity of the
clouds or Parjannya.—I.



G4 MAHABHARATA.

of his enemy, and cutting oft' all the weapons of the latter,
Drona's son, although he obtained the opportunity to do his
enemy the crowning evil, still slew him not, from desire of
battling with him for sometime more. 86 Meanwhile Kama
rushed against the large elephant force of the Pandavas and
began to rout and destroy it. 87 Depriving car- warriors of their
cars, he struck elephants and steeds and human warriors, O
Bharata, with innumerable straight shafts. 38 That mighty-
bowman, viz., the son of Drona, although he had made Pandya,
that slayer of foes and foremost of car-warriors, earless, yet
he did not slay him from desire of fight. 39 At that time a
huge riderless elephant, with large tusks, well-equipt with all
utensils of war, treading with speed, endued with great might,
quick to proceed against any enemy, struck with Acwattha-
man's shafts, advanced towards the direction of Pandya with
great impetuosity, roaring against a hostile compeer. 40 Behold-
ing that prince of elephants, looking like a cloven mountain-
summit, Pandya, who was well-acquainted with the method of
fighting from the neck of an elephant, quickly ascended that
beast like a lion springing with a loud roar to the top of a
mountain-summit. 41 Then that lord of the prince of moun-
tains, striking the elephant with the hook, and inspired with
rage, and with that cool care (for which he was distinguished) in
hurling weapons with great force, quickly sped a lance, bright
as Surya's rays, at the preceptor's son and uttered a loud
shout. 42 Repeatedly shouting in joy, — Thou art slain, — Thou
art slain ! — Pandya (with that lance) crushed to pieces the
diadem of Drona's son adorned with foremost of jewels and
diamonds of the first water and the very best kind of gold and
excellent cloth and strings of pearls. 43 That diadem, possessed
of the splendour of the Sun, the Moon, the planets, or the
fire, in consequence of the violence of the stroke, fell down,
split into fragments, like a mountain summit riven by Indra's
thunder, falling down on the Earth with great noise. 44 At this,
Aewatthaman blazed up with exceeding rage like a prince of
snakes struck with the foot, and took up four and ten shafts ca-
pable of inflicting great pain upon foes and each resembling the
Destroyer's rod. 48 With five of those shafts he cut ofif the four



KARNA I'ARVA. G5

feet and the trunk of his adversary's elephant, and with three
tho two arms and the head of the king, and with six h^
slow the six mighty car- warriors, endued with great efful ince,
that followed king Pandya.** Those long and well-rounded
arms of the king, smeared with excellent sandal-paste, and
adorned with gold and pearls and gems and diamonds, falling
npon the Earth, began to writhe like a couple of snakes slain
by Garuda.* 7 That head also, graced with a face bright as the
full Mo >n, having a prominent no.se and a pair of large rye: red
as copper with rage, adorned with ear rings, falling on tho
ground, looked resplendent like the Moon himself between two
bright constellations. 43 The elephant, thus cut off by that skil-
ful warrior into six pieces with those five shafts, and the king
into four pieces with those three shafts, lay divided, in all, into
ten pieces that looked like the sacrificial butter distributed into
ten portions intended for the ten deities. 43 Having cut off nu-
merous steeds and men and elephants into pieces and offered
them as food unto the Rakshasas, king Pandya was thus quiet-
ed by Drona's son with his shafts like a blazing fire in a cre-
matorium extinguished with water after it has received a li-
bation in the shape of a lifeless body. 50 * Then like the chief
of the celestials joyfully worshipping Vishnu after the subjuga-
tion of the Asura Vaii, thy son, the king, accompanied by his
brothers, approaching the preceptor's son, worshipped with
great respect that warrior who is a complete master of the
science of arms, after, indeed, he had completed the task ho
had undertaken.' " 51



Section- XXL

'Dhritarashtra said, — 'When Pandya had been slain and
when that foremost of heroes, viz*, Kama, was employed in
routing and destroying the foe, what, O Sanjaya, did Arjuna
do in battle i 1 That son of Pandu is a hero, endued with
great might, attentive to his duties, and a complete master of



* To tli is day, in India, the custom exists of extinguishing the fire
in the crematorium after it has reduced tu ashes the lifeless boiiv. — T.



GG SIAHABHARATA.

the science of arms. The high-souled Cankara himself hath
made him invincible among all creatures.* My greatest fears
proceed from that Dhananjaya, that slayer of foes ! Tell mo,
Sanjaya, all that Partha achieved there on that occasion !' B

"Sanjaya said, — 'After Pfmdya's fall, Krishna quickly said
unto Arjuna these beneficial words: — I do not behold the King!
The other Pandavas also have retreated ! 4 If the Parthas had
returned, the vast force of the enemy would have been broken.
In fulfilment of the purposes entertained by Acwatthaman,
Kama is slaying the Srinjayas. 8 A great carnage is being
made (by that warrior) of steeds and car-warriors and ele-
phants ! — Thus the heroic Vasudeva represented everything
unto the diadem-decked (Arjuna). 6 Hearing of and beholding
that great danger of his brother (Yudhishthira), Partha quickly
addressed Krishna, saying, — Urge the steeds, O Hrishikeca ! r —
Then Hrishikeca proceeded on that irresistible car.* The en-



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