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cows, 15 " 16 and bears and cats and tigers and pards, and crows
and apes and parrots. 17 And the faces of some were like those
of mighty snakes, and others had faces like those of ducks.
And all of them were endued with great effulgence. And the
faces of some were like those of wood-peckers and jays, O
Bharata, 18 and of tortoises and alligators and porpoises and
huge sharks and whales, 19 and of lions and cranes and pigeons
and elephants and shags. 20 Some had faces like those of ravens
and hawks, some had cars on their hands ; some had thousand
eyes ; some had very large stomachs ; and some had no flesh,
O Bharata ! 81 And some, king, had no heads, and some,
O Bharata, had faces like those of bears. The eyes of some
like fire, and some had fiery complexions. 12 The hair on
the heads and bodies of some were blazing, and some had
four arms, and some, O king, had faces like those of sheep and
goats. 43 The color of some was like that of conchs, and some
had faces [hi\[ resembled conchs, and the cars of some were



Sauptisa parva. 21

like conchs, and soma wore garlands made of conchs, and tho
voices of some resembled the blare of conchs. 2 * Somo had
matted locks on their heads, and some had five tufts of hair,
and some had heads that were buld. Some had lean stomachs;
some had four teeth, some had four tongues, some had ears
straight as arrows, and some had diadems on their brows. 2 *
Some had strings of grass on their bodies, O monarch, and
some had curly hair. Some had head-gears made of cloth,
some had coronets, some had beautiful faces, and some were
adorned with ornaments." Some had ornaments made of
lotuses, and some were decked with flowers. They numbered
in hundreds and thousands. 87 Some were armed with (patagltnis,
some with thunder, and some had mushalas in their hands.
Some had Bhugitnd.is. some had nooses, and some had maces
in their hands, Bharata ! 28 On the backs of some were
slung quivers containing excellent shafts, and all were fierce
in battle. Some had standards with banners and bells, and
S'irae were armed with battle-axes. 29 Some had large nooses
in their uplifted arms, and some had clubs and bludgeons.
Some had stout posts in their hands, some had scimitars, and
some had snakes with erect heads for their diadems. 50 Some
had large snakes (wound round their upper arms) for Angadas,
and some had beautiful ornaments on their persons. Some
were begrimmed with dust, some smutted with mire, and all
were attired in white robes and white garments. The limbs
of some were blue, while others had limbs that were tawny.
And some there were that were beardless. 81 Those beings,
called companions, possessed of golden complexions, and filled
with joy, played upon drums and horns and cymbals and
Jharj haras and Analcas and Goniiikhas. hi And some sang and
some danced about uttering loud sounds, and some leapt for-
ward and cut capers and jumped sideways. 38 Endued with
great fleetness, they ran about most fiercely, the hair on their
heads waving in the air, like huge elephants infuriate with
passion and frequently uttering loud roars. 3 * Terrible, and of
frightful mien, and armed with lances and battle-axes, they
were rfttired in robes of diverse hues and decked with beautiful
garlands and unguents/ 5 Adorned with Angadw docked with



22 MAHABHARATA.

gems, and with uplifted arms, they were endued with greafc
courage. Capable of forcibly slaying all foes, they were
irressistible in prowess. 86 Drinkers of blood and fat and other
animal matter, they subsisted on the flesh and entrails of
animals. Sjme had their locks tied in tall tufts above their
heads. Sjme had single tufts on their heads; some had
rings on their ears ; and some had stomachs resembling
earthen vessels used for cooking." Some were of very short
statures, and some were very high in stature. Some were tall
and very fierce. Some had grim features, some had long lips,
and the genital limbs of some were very long. 88 Some had
costly and diverse kinds of crowns upon their heads ; and
some had bald heads, and the heads of others were covered
with matted locks. They secured capable of bringing down the
firmament with the sun, moon, and stars, on Earth, and
exterminating the four orders of created things. S9 They know
not what it is to fear, and are capable of enduring the frowns
of Hara. 40 They always act as they like, and are the lords of
the lord of the three worlds. Always engaged in merry sports,
they are thorough masters of speech and are perfectly free from
pride. 41 Having obtained the eight kinds of divine attributes,
they are never elated with pride. The divine Hara is always
filled with wonder at their feats. 48 They are devout worship-
pers of Mahadeva. Adored by them in thought, word, and
deed, the great god protects those worshippers of his, looking
upon them, in thought, word, and deed, as children of his own
loins. 48 Filled with rage, they always drink the blood and fat
of all haters of Brahma. They always drink also the Soma
juice endued with four kinds of taste. 44 Having adored the
trident-bearing god with Vedic recitations, with Brahma-
chary a, with ascetic austerities, and with self-restraint, they
have obtained the companionship of Bhava. 45 The divine
Mahec,wara, that lord of the past, the present, and the future,
as also Parvati, eat with those diverse tribes of mighty-
beings that partake of their own nature. 46 Causing the universe
to resound with the peal of diverse kinds of instruments, with
noise of laughter, with loud sounds and shrieks and leonine
roars, they approached Ac,watthaman, 47 Uttering the praises



SAUPTIKA parva. -2-',

of Mahadeva and spreading an effulgent light all around,
desirous of enhancing the honor of Acwatthaman and the
glory of the high-souled Hara, and wishing to ascertain the
extent of Acwatthaman 's energy, and desirous also of behold-
ing the slaughter during the hour of sleep, 48 armed with
terrible and fierce bludgeons and fiery wheels and battle-axes,
that crowd of strange beings, endued with terrible forms, came
from every side. 49 They were capable of inspiring the three
worlds with dread at their sight. The mighty Acwatthaman,
however, beholding them, felt no ft-ar. 80 Drona's son, armed
with bow, and with fingers cased in fences made of iguana
skins, himself offered up his own self as a victim unto Maha-
deva. $l Bows were the fuel, and sharp shafts were the ladles,
and his own soul possessed of great might was the libation,
O Bharata, in that act of sacrifice. 58 The valiant and wrath-
ful son of Drona then, with propitiating mantras, offered up
his own soul as the victim." Having with fierce rites adored
Rudra of fierce deeds, Acwatthaman, with joined hands, said
these words unto that high-souled god. 84

" 'Acwatthaman said, — Sprung from Angiras's line, I am
about to pour my soul, god, as a libation on this fire !
Accept, lord, this victim ! 85 In this hour of distress, Soul
of the universe, I offer up my own self as the sacrificial victim,
from devotion to thee and with heart concentrated in medita-
tion ! 58 All creatures are in thee and thou art in all creatures!
A union of all high attributes occurs in thee '." lord, O
thou that art the refuge of all creatures, I wait as a libation
for thee, since 1 am unable to vanquish my foes ! Accept me,
god ! 63 — Having said these words, Drona's son, ascending
that sacrificial altar on which a fire blazed brightly, offered
himself up as the victim and entered that blazing fire ! s '
Beholding him stand immovable and with uplifted hands and
as an offering unto himself, the divine Mahfuleva appeared in
person and smilingly said,' — With truth, purity, sincerity,
resignation, ascetic austerities, vows, forgiveness, devotion,
patience, thought, and word," I have been duly adored by
Krishna of pure deeds ! For this there is none dearer to me
than Krishna '." Fur honoring him and at his word I have



24< MAHABHARATA,

protected the Panchalas and displayed diverse kinds of
illusion. 65 By protecting the Panchalas I have honored him.
They have, however, been afflicted by Time. The period of
their lives hath run out ! 64 — Having said these words unto the
high-souled Acwatthaman, the divine Mahadeva entered
Acwatthaman's body after going him an excellent and polished
sword. 66 Filled by that divine being, Drona's son blazed up
with energy. In consequence of that energy derived from god-
head, he became all powerful in battle. 66 Many invisible
beings and Rakshasas proceeded along his right and his left as
he set out, like the lord Mahadeva himself, for entering the
camp of his foes.' " 67



Section VIII.

< : Dhritarashtra said,— 'While Drona's son, that mighty car-
warrior, thus proceeded towards the hostile camp, did Kripa
and Bhoja stop from fear V I hope those two great car-
warriors, checked by vulgar guards, did not fly away secretly,
thinking their opponents irresistible ? a Or, have they, after
grinding the camp, the Somakas, and the Pandavas, followed,
while still engaged in battle, the highly glorious path in which
Duryodhana has gone ? s Are those heroes, slain by the Pan-
chalas, sleeping on the bare Earth ? Did they achieve any
feat ? Tell me all this, O Sanjaya!' 4

"Sanjaya said,— 'When the high-souled son of Drona pro-
ceeded towards the camp, Kripa and Kritavarman waited at the
gate. 8 Beholding them ready to exert themselves, Acwattha-
man became filled with joy, and addressing them whisperingly*
O king, said,— If you two exert, you are competent to exter-
minate all the Kshariyas ! 6 What need I say, therefore, of this
remnant of the (Pandava) army, particularly when it is buried
in sleep V I shall enter the camp and career like Yama ! I
am sure that you two will act in such a way that no man may
escape you with life ! 8 — Having said these words, the son of
Drona entered the vast camp of the Parfchas. Casting off all
fear, he penetrated into it by a spot where there was no door. a
The mighty-armed hero, having entered the camp, proceed-



SAITTHA FARYA, 2^

*d, guided by signs, very softly, towards the quarters of
Dhrishtadyumna." The Panchalas, having achieved great
feats, had been much tired in battle. They were sleeping in
confidence, assembled together, and by the side of one another. 11
Entering into Dhrishtadyumna's chamber, Bharata, Drona'a
son beheld the prince of the Panchalas sleeping before him on
his bed. 1 * He lay on a beautiful sheet of silk upon a costly
and excellent bed. Excellent wreaths of flowers were strewn
upon that bed and it was perfumed with powdered Dhwpa. l%
Acwatthaman, O king, awoke with a kick the high-souled
prince sleeping trustfully and fearlessly on his bed. 14 Feeling
that kick, the prince, irresistible in battle and of immeasurable
soul, awaked from sleep and recognised Drona's son standing
before hira. 1 * As he was rising from his bed, the mighty
Acwatthaman seized him by the hair of his head and began to
press him down on the Earth with his hands." Thus pressed by
Acwatthaman with great strength, the prince, from fear as also
from sleepiness, was not able to put forth his strength at that
time. 17 Striking him with his foot, O king, on both his throat
and breast while his victim writhed and roared, Drona's son
endeavoured to kill him as if he were any animal. '* The Pan-
chala prince tore Acwatthaman with his nails and at last softly
said, — preceptor's son, slay me with a weapon, do not tarry !
O bast of men, let me, through thy act, repair to the regions of
the righteous !" — Having 3aid this much, that slayer of foes,
viz., the son of the Panchala king, assailed with strength
by that mighty hero, became silent." Hearing those indis-
tinct sounds of his, Drona's son said, — wretch of thy race,
there is no region for those that slay their preceptors ! For
this, thou of wicked understanding, thou deservest not to
be slain with any weapon !*' — While saying so, Acwatthaman,
filled with rage, began to strike the vital parts of his victim
with violent kicks of his heels, and slew his foe like a lion
slaying an infuriate elephant.*" At the cries of that hero while
he was being slain, his wives and guards that were in his tent
all awaked, O king ! M Beholding somebody crushing the
prince with superhuman force, they regarded the assailant to
be some preternatural being and, therefore, uttered no cries

i



RF MAEABHAIU7A,

from fear." 4 Having despatched him to Yama's abode by such
means, Acwatthaman of great energy went out and getting
upon his beautiful car stayed on it." Indeed, coming out of
Dhrishtadyumna's abode, king, Acwatthaman caused all
the points of the compass to resound with his roars, and then
proceeded on his car to other parts of the camp for slaying his
foes. 18 After Drcna's son, that mighty car-warrior, had gone
away, the women and all the guards set up a loud wail of
woe.* 7 Seeing their king slain, all the wives of Dhrishta-
dyumna, filled with great sorrow, cried aloud." At that wail
of theirs many mighty Kshatriyas, awaking, put on their
armour and came there for enquiring after the cause of
those cries." Those ladies, terrified at the sight of Acwat-
thaman, in piteous tones asked the men to pursue him with-
out delay. 80 They said, — Whether h« is a Ralcshasa or a
human being, we know not what he is ! Having slain the
Panchala king, he stayeth there ! 8 ' — At these words, those
foremost of warriors suddenly surrounded Drona's son. Tht
latter slew them all by means of the Rudra weapon." Hav-
ing slain Dhrishtadyumna and all those followers of his, he
beheld Uttamaujas sleeping on his bed." Attacking him
with his foot on the throat and chest, Drona's son slew that
great hero also while the latter writhed in agony. 84 Yudha-
manyu, coming up and believing his comrade to have been
slain by a Rdkshasa, speedily struck Drona's son in the chest
with a mace." Rushing towards him, Acwatthaman seized
him and brought him down to the ground and slew him like
an animal while the latter uttered loud strieks." Having slain
Yudhamanyu thus, that hero proceeded against the other
car-warriors of the king, who were all asleep." He slew all
those trembling and shrieking warriors like animals in a sacri-
fice. Taking up his sword then, he slew many others." Pro-
ceeding along the diverse paths of the camp one after an-
other, Acwatthaman, accomplished in the use of the sword,
beheld diverse Gidmas and slew in a trice the unarmed and
tired warriors sleeping within them. 89 With that excellent
sword he cut off combatants and steeds and elephants. Cover-
ed all over with blood, he seemed then to be Death himself



SierriKA P1RYA. 2 1

somrnissioned by Time. 40 Causing his foes to tremble by
the repeated blows of his sword that were of three kind*;
Acwatthaman became bathed in blood.* 1 Covered as ho
was with blood, and wielding; as he did a blazing sword, his
form, as he careered in battle, became exceedingly terrible
and superhuman.*" Those who awaked from sleep, O Kaura-
rya, became stupifled with the loud noise (they heard around).
Beholding Drona's son, they looked at each other's faces and
trembled (with fear).* 8 Those Kshatriyas, beholding the form
of that crusher of foes, believed him to be a Rakshasa and
closed their eyes.** Of terrible form, he careered in the camp
like Yama himself, and at last saw the sons of Draupadi and
the remnant of the Somakas.* 8 Alarmed by the noise, and
learning that Dhrishtadyumna had been slain, those mighty
car- warriors, viz., the sons of Draupadi, armed with bows, fear-
lessly poured their shafts on Drona's son.** Awaked by their
noise, the Prabhadrakas with Cikhandin at their head, began
to grind the son of Drona with their arrows.* 7 Drona's sorr,
beholding them shower their arrows on him, uttered a loud
roar and became desirous of slaying those mighty car-war-
riors.** Recollecting the death of his sire, Acwatthaman be-
came filled with rage. Alighting from the terrace of his car,
he rushed furiously (against his enemies). 49 Taking up hi3
bright shield adorned with a thousand moons and his massive
and celestial sword decked with gold, the mighty Acwat-
thaman rushed against the sons of Draupadi and began to
lay about him with his weapon.* Then that tiger among men,
in that dreadful battle, struck Prativindhya in the abdomen,
at which the latter, O king, deprived of life, fell down on the
Earth.* 1 The valiant Sutasoma, having pierced the son of Drona
with a lance, rushed at him with his uplifted sword.** Acwat-
thaman, however, cut off Sutasoma's arm with tho sword in
grasp, and once more struck him in the flank. At this, Suto-
soma fell down, bereft of life. 11 The valient Catanika, the son
of Nakula, taking up a car-wheel with his two hands, violently
struck Acwatthaman at the chest.** The regenerate Acwat-
thaman violently assailed Catanika after he had hurled thai
car- wheel, Exceedingly agitated. Nakula' son fell dc



25 MiBtABHAJtATA,

the Earth, upon which Drona's son cut off his head." Then
Crutakarman, taking up a spiked bludgeon, attacked Acwat-
thaman. Furiously rushing at Drona's son, he assailed him
violently on the left part of his forehead." Acwatthaman
struck Crutakarman with his excellent sword on the face.
Deprived of senses and his face disfigured, he fell down life-
less on the Earth." At this noise, the heroic Crutakirti, that
great car-warrior, coming up, poured showers of arrows on
A5watthaman." Baffling those arrowy showers with his
shield, Acwatthaman cut off from his enemy's trunk the
latter'a beautiful head adorned with ear-rings." Then the
slayer of Bhishma, viz., the mighty Cikhandin, with all the
Prabhadrakas, assailed the hero from every side with diverse
kind3 of weapons. Cikhandin struck Acwatthaman with an
arrow in the midst of his two eye-brows." Filled with rage at
this, Drona's son, possessed of great might, approached Cikhan-
din and cut him in twain with his sword." Having slain
Cikhandin, Acwatthaman, filled with rage, rushed furiously
against the other Prabhadrakas. He proceeded also against
the remnant of Virata's force." Endued with great strength,
Drona's son made a heavy carnage amongst the sons, the
grandsons, and the followers of Drupada, singling them out
one after another." Accomplished in the use of the sword,
Acwatthaman then, rushing against other combatants, cut
them down with his excellent sword." The warriors in the
Pandava camp beheld that Death-night in her embodied
form, a black image, of bloody mouth and bloody eyes,
wearing crimson garlands and smeared with crimson unguents,
attired in a single piece of red cloth, with a noose in hand,
and resembling an elderly lady, employed in chaunting a
dismal note and standing full before their eyes, and about
to lead away men and steeds and elephants all tied in a stout
chord.""" She seemed to take away diverse kinds of spirits,
with dishevelled hair and tied together in a chord, as also,
O king, many mighty car-warriors divested of their weapons."
On other days, sire, the foremost warriors of the Pandava
camp used to see in their dreams that figure leading away the
©ieeping combatants and Drona's son smiting them behind !*•



SAUPTIKA PART A. 29

The Pandava soldiers saw that lady and Drona's son in their
dreams every night from the day when the battle between the
Kurus and the Pandavas first commenced." Afflicted before
by Destiny, they were now smitten by Drona'i son who terrified
them all with the frightful roars uttered by him. 70 Afflicted
by Destiny, the brave warriors of the Pandava camp, recol-
lecting the sight they had seen in their dreams, identified it
with what they now witnessed. 71 At the noise made, hundredi
and thousands of Pandava bowmen in the camp awoke from
their slumbers." Acwatthaman cut off the legs of some,
and the hips of others, and pierced some in their flanks,
careering like the Destroyer himself let loose by Time. 7 ' The
Earth, O lord, was soon covered with human beings that were
crushed into shapelessness or trodden down by elephants and
steeds and with others that roared in great affliction. 74 Many
of them loudly exclaimed, — What is this ? — Who is this one? —
What is this noise? — Who is doing what? — While uttering
such shrieks, Drona's son became their Destroyer. 7 " That
foremost of smiters, viz., the son of Drona, despatched to the
regions of Yama all those Pandus and Srinjayas who were
"without armour and weapons. 7 * Terrified at that noise, many
awoke from sleep. Possessed with fear, blinded by sleep, and
deprived of their senses, those warriors seemed to vanish (before
the fury of Acwatthaman). 77 The thighs of many were para-
lysed and many were so stupefied that they lost all their energy.
Shrieking and possessed with fear, they began to slay one
another. 7 * Drona's son once more got upon his car of terrible
clatter, and taking up his bow despatchedt many with his
shafts to Yama's abode. 7 ' Others that awaked from sleep,
brave warriors and foremost of men, as they came towards
Acwatthaman, were slain before they could approach him
and were thus offered up as victims unto that Death-night.*
Crushing many with that foremost of cars, he careered through
the camp, and covered his foes with repeated showers of
arrows. 11 Once again with that beautiful shield of his,
adorned with a huundred moons, and with that sword of his
which was of the hue of the welkin, he careered amidst his
enemies." Like an elephant agitating a large lake, Drona's



SO MAHABHA.RATA.

son, irresistible in battle, agitated the camp of the Pandavas. 8 '
Awaked by the noise, O king, many warriors, afflicted still
with sleep and fear, and with senses still under a cloud, ran
hither and thither. 8 * Many shriekd in harsh tones and many
uttered incoherent exclamations. Many succeeded not in ob-
taining their weapons and armour. 8 ' Th« locks of many were
dishevelled, and many failed to recognise one another. Having
risen from sleep, many fell down, fatigued ; some wandered
here and there without any purpose. 8 * Elephants and steeds,
breaking their chords, passed excreta and urine. 87 Many,
causing great confusion, huddled together. Amongst these,
some, through fear, laid themselves down on the Earth. The
animals of the camp crushed them there. 8 * While the camp
was in this state. Rdkshasas, O king, utteted loud roars in joy,
O chief of th« Bharatas ! 89 That loud noise, O king, uttered
by ghostly beings in joy, filled all the points of the compass
and the welkin. 90 Hearing the wails of woe, elephants, steeds,
breaking their chords, rushed hither and thither, crushing
the combatants in the camp. 91 As those animals rushed
hither and thiter, the dust raised by them made the night
doubly dark. 9 * When that thick gloom set in, the warriors
in the camp became perfectly stupefied; sires recognised not
their sons, brothers recognised not their bothers. 58 Elephants,
assailing riderless elephants, and steeds, assailing riderless
steeds, assailed and broke and crushed the people that stood in
their way. 94 Losing all order, combatants rushed and slew
one another, and felling those that stood in their way crushed
them into pieces 9 ' Deprived of their senses and overcome
with sleep, and enveloped in gloom, men, impelled by fate,
slew their own comrades. 98 The guards, leaving the gates they
watched, and those at duty at the outposts leaving the posts
they guarded, fled away for their lives, deprived of their
senses and not knowing whither they proceeded. 97 They slew
one another, the slayers, O lord, not recognising the slain.
Afflicted by fate, they cried after their sires and sons. 98 While
they fled, abandoning the'r friends and relatives, they called
upon one another, mentioning their families and names. 99
Others, uttering cries of oh and alas, foil down on the Earth,



9AUTIKA PARVA, fTT

In the midst of the battle, Drona's son, recognising them,
slew them all. 100 Other Kshatriyas, while being slaughtered,
lost their senses, and afflicted by fear, sought to fly away from
their camps. 101 Those men that sought to fly away from the
camp for saving their lives, were slain by Kritavarman and
Kripa at the gate. 108 Divested of weapons and instruments
and armour, and with dishevelled hair, they joined their hands.
Trembling with fear, they were on the ground. The two
Kuru warriors, however, (who were on their cars) gave quarter
to none. 108 None amongst those that escaped from the camp
was let off by those two wicked persons, viz., Kripa and Krita-
varman..' 04 Then again, for doing that which was highly



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