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counter then that once more took place became exceedingly
fierce. 8 The Kurus and the Pandavas once more fearlessly
•closed with each other, that is, the Parthas headed by Bhima-
sena and ourselves headed by the & ilia's son. 9 Then, best
of kings, there once more commenced a battle between Kama
and the Pandavas that swelled the population of Yama's king-
dom. 10 With bows and arrows and spiked clubs and swords
and lances and axes and short clubs and Bhushundis and darts
and rapiers and battle-axes" and maces and spears and polished
Kuntas, and short shafts and hooks, the combatants quickly
fell upon one another, desirous of taking one another's life. 13
Filling the welkin, the cardinal points of the compass, the
subsidiary ones, the firmament, and the Earth, with the whizz
of arrows, the twang of bowstrings, the sound of palms, and
the clatter of car-wheels, foes rushed upon foes. 18 Gladdened
by that loud noise, heroes fought with heroes, desirous of
reaching the end of the hostilities. 1 * Loud became the noise
caused by the sound of bowstrings and fences and bows, the
grunt of elephants, and the shouts of foot-soldiers and falling
men. 15 Hearing the terrible whizz of arrows and the diverse

* literally, 'against which no other car could fight-' — T.


shouts of brave warriors, the troops took fright, became pale,
and fell down. 1 * Large numbers of those foes thus employed
in shouting and shooting weapons, the heroic son of Adhiratha
crushed with his arrows. 17 With his shafts Kama then des-
patched to Yama's abodo twenty car-warriors among the brave
Panchala heroes, with their steeds, drivers, and standards."
Then many foremost of warriors, of the Pandava army, en-
dued with great energy, and quick in the use of weapons,
speedily wheeling round, encompassed Kama on all sides. 19
Kama agitated that hostile force with showers of weapons
like the leader of an elephantine herd plunging into a lake
adorned with lotuses and covered with swans. 20 Penetrating
into tho midst of his foes, the son of Radha, shaking his best
of bows, began to strike off and fell their heads with his sharp
shafts." The shields and coats of mail of the warriors, cut
off, fell down on the Earth. There was none amongst them
that needed the touch of a second arrow of Kama's. 28 Like a
driver striking the steeds with the whip, Kama, with his
shafts capable of crushing coats of mail and bodies and the
life that quickened them, struck the fences (of his foes) perceiv-
able only by their bowstrings. 23 Like a lion grinding herds of
deer, Kama speedily grinded all those Pandus and Srinjuvas
and Panchiilas that came within reach of his arrows. 24 Then
the chief of the Panchiilas, and the sons of Draupadi, sire,
and the twins, and Yuyudhana, uniting together, proceeded
against Kama. 25 When those Kurus, and Panchalas, and Pan-
dus were thus engaged in battle, the other warriors, reckless of
their very lives, began to strike at one another.*' Well cased in
armour and coats of mail, and adorned with head-gears, com-
batants endued with great strength rushed at their foes, with
maces and short clubs and spiked bludgeons looking like up-
lifted rods of the Destroyer, and jumping, sire, and challeng-
ing one another, uttered loud shouts. 27 " 28 Then they struck
one another, and fell down, assailed by one another, with blood
rising from their limbs and deprived of brains and eyes and
weapons. 29 Covered with weapons, some, as they 1 ly there
with faces beautiful as pomegranates, having teeth-adorned
mouths filled with blood scorned to be alive. : " Other- in (shaft


vast ocean of battle, filled with rage, mangled or cut or pierced
or overthrew or lopped off or slew one another with battle-axes
raid short arrows and hooks and spears and lances. 51 " 82 Slain
by one another they fell down, covered with blood and deprived
of life, like sandal trees cut down with the axe falling down and
shedding as they fall their cool blood-red juice. ss Cars destroyed
by cars, elephants by elephants, men by men, and steeds by
steeds, fell down in thousands. 24 Standards, and heads, and
umbrellas, and elephants, trunks, and human arms, cut off with
razor-faced or broad-headed or crescent-shaped arrows, fell down
on the Earth. 35 Large numbers also of men, and elephants,
and cars with steeds yoked thereto, were crushed in that battle.
Many brave warriors, slain by horsemen, fell down, and many
tuskers, with their trunks cut off, and with banners and stan-
dards (on their bodies), fell down like fallen mountains. Assailed
by foot-soldiers, many elephants and cars, destroyed or in course
of destruction, fell i\own on all sides. Horsemen, encountering
foot-soldiers with activity, were slain by the latter. 56 " 33 Similar-
ly crowds of foot-soldiers', slain by horsemen, laid themselves
down on the field. The faces and the limbs of those slain in
that dreadful battle looked like crushed lotuses and faded floral
wreaths. The beautiful forms of elephants and steeds and
human beings, king, then resembled cloths begrimed with
dirt, and became exceedingly repulsive to look at.' " 22 - 40

Section XXII.

"Sanjaya said. — "Many elephant-warriors riding on their
beasts, urged by thy son, proceeded against Dhrishtadyuinna,
filled with rage and desirous of compassing his destruction. 1
Many foremost of combatants skilled in elephant-fight, belong-
ing to the Easterners, the Southerners, the Angus, the Yangas,
the Pundras, the Maghadhas, the Tamraliptakas, the Mekalas,
the Kocalas, the Madras, the Dacarnas, the Nishadhas, uniting
with the Kalingas, Bharata, and showering shafts and lances
and arrows like pouring clouds, drenched the Panchala force
therewith in that battle.*"* Those (fce)-crushing elephants urg-
ed forward by their riders with heels and toes and hooks. Fri-



shata's son covered with his arrows and shafts. 5 Each of those
beasts that were huge as hills, the Panchala hero pierced with
Ion, eight, or six whetted shafts, O Bharata ! s Beholding tho
prince of the Panchalas shrouded by those elephants like the
Sun by the clouds, the Piindus and the Panchalas pruceeded
towards him (for his rescue), uttering loud roars and armed
with sharp weapons. 7 Pouring their weapons upon those ele-
phants, those warriors began to dance the dance of heroes,
aided by the music of their bowstrings and the sound of
their palms, and urged by heroes beating the time. 8 Then
Nakula, and Sahadeva, and the sons of Draupadi, and the
Prabhadrakas, and Satyaki, and Cikhandin, and Chekitana
endued with great energy, — all those heroes, — drenched those
elephants from every side with their weapons, like the clouds
drenching the hills with their showers. 9 Those furious ele-
phants, urged on by Mleccha warriors, dragging down with their
trunks men and steeds and cars, crushed them with their feet. 10
And some they pierced with the points of their tusks, and some
they raised aloft and dashed down on the ground ; others, taken
aloft on the tusks of those huge beasts, fell down, inspiring
spectators with fear. 11 Then Satyaki, piercing the vitals of the
elephant belonging to the king of the Vangas staving before
him, with a long shaft endued with great impetuosity, caused
it to fall down on the field of battle. 12 Then Satyaki pierced
with another long shaft the chest of the rider whom he could
not hitherto touch, just as the latter was about to jump
from the back of his beast. Thus struck by Satwata, he fell
down on the Earth. 13 Meanwhile Sahadeva, with three shafts
shot with great care, struck the elephant of Pundra, as it ad-
vanced against him like a moving mountain, 1 * depriving it of
its standard and driver and armour and life. Having thus cut
off that elephant, Sahadeva proceeded against the chief of
the Angas. 1 * Nakula, however, causing Sahadeva to desist,
himself afflicted the ruler of the Angas with three long shafts,
each resembling the rod of Yama, and his foe's elephant with
a hundred arrows. 15 Then the ruler of the Angas hurled at
Nakula eight hundred lances bright as the rays of the Sun;
Each of those Nakula cut off into three fragn


Panda then cut off the head of his antagonist with a crescent-
shaped arrow. At this that Mleechha king, deprived of life,
fell down with the animal he rode. 18 Upon the fall of the
prince of the Angas who was well-skilled in elephant-lore, the
elephant-men of the Angas, filled with rage, proceeded with
speed against Nakula, on their elephants decked with banners
that waved in the air, possessing excellent mouths, adorned
with housings of gold, and looking like blazing mountains,
from desire of crushing him to pieces. 15 " 20 And many Mekalas
and Utkalas, and Kalingas, and Nishadhas, and Tamraliptakas,
also advanced against Nakula. showering; their shafts and Ian-
ces, and desirous of slaying him. 21 Then the Pandus, the
Panchalas, and the Somakas, filled with rage, rushed with
speed fur the rescue of Nakula shrouded by those warriors like
the Sun by the clouds. 22 Then occurred a fierce battle between
those car- warriors and elephant-men, the former shov/ering their
arrows and shafts, the latter their lances by thousands. 23 The
frontal globes and other limbs and the tusks and ad irnments of
the elephants, exceedingly pierced with shafts, were split and
mangled. 24 Then Sahadeva, with four and sixty impetuous
arrows, quickly slew eight of those huge elephants which fell
down with their riders. 25 And Nakula also, that delig-hter of
his race, bending his excellent bow with great vigor, with many
straight shafts, slew many elephants. 26 Then the Panchala
prince, and the grandson of Cini, and the sons of Draupadi, and
the Prabhadrakas, and Cikhandin, drenched those huge elephants
with showers of shafts. 27 Then in consequence of those rain-
charged clouds constituted by the Pandava warriors, those hills
constituted by the elephants of the foe, fell, struck down by
torrents of rain formed by their numerous shafts, like real
mountains struck down with a thunder-storm. 28 Those leaders
of the Pandava car warriors then, thus slaying those elephants
of thine, cast their eyes on the hostile army, which, as it fled
away at that time, resembled a river whose continents had been
washed away. 29 Those warriors of Pandu's son, having thus
agitated that army of thine, agitated it once more, and then
rushed against Kama.' " s0

Section XXIII.

'Sanjaya said,— 'While Sahadeva, filled with rage, was thus
blasting thy host, Duscasana, O great king, proceeded against
him, the brother against the brother. 1 Beholding those two
engaged in dreadful combat, all the great car- warriors uttered
leonine shouts and waved their garments." Then, O Bharata,
the mighty son of Pandu was struck in the chest with three
arrows by thy angry son armed with the bow. 8 Then Saha-
deva, O king, having first pierced thy son with an arrow,
pierced him again with seventy arrows, and then his driver
with three.* Then Dusgasana, O monarch, having cut off
Sahadeva's bow in that great battle, pierced Sahadeva himself
with three and seventy arrows in the arms and the chest. 5 Then
Sahadeva, filled with rage, took up a sword in that dreadful
conflict, and whirling, hurled it quickly towards the car of
thy son.* Cutting off Dus<;asana's bow with string and arrow
fixed on it, that large sword fell down on the Earth like a
snake from the firmament. 7 Then the valiant Sahadeva, tak-
ing up another bow, shot a deadly shaft at Duscasana. 8 The
Kuru warrior, however, with his keen-edged sword, cut off
into two fragments that shaft, bright as the rod of Death, as
it coursed towards him. 3 Then whirling that sharp sword,
Duscasana quickly hurled it in that battle at his foe. Mean-
while that valiant warrior took up another bow with a
shaft. 10 Sahadeva, however, with the greatest ease, cut off,
with his keen shafts, that sword as it coursed towards him, and
caused it to fall down in that battle. 11 Then, O Bharata, thy
son, in that dreadful battle, quickly sped four and sixty shafts
at the car of Sahadeva. 1 * Sahadeva, however, O king, cut off'
every one of those numerous arrows as they coursed with great
impetuosity towards him, with five shafts of his. 18 Checking
then those mighty shafts sped by thy son, Sahadeva, in that
battle, sped a large number of arrows at his foe. 1 * Cutting
off each of those shafts with three shafts of his, thy son uttered
a loud shout, making the whole Earth resound with it. 1 * Then
Duseiisana, king, having pierced Sahadeva in that battle,
struck the latter's driver with nine arrows. 15 The valiant


Sahadeva then, O monarch, filled with rage, fixed on his
bow-string a terrible shaft resembling the Destroyer himself.
Forcibly drawing the bow, he sped that shaft at thy son. 17
Piercing with great speed through his strong armour and
body, that shaft entered the Earth, O king, like a snako
penetrating into an anthill. Then thy son, that great car-war-
rior, swooned away, king. 13 Beholding him deprived of his
senses, his driver quickly took away the car, himself forcibly
struck all the while with keen arrows. 19 Having vanquished
the Kuru warrior thus, the son of Pandu, beholding Duryo-
dhana's division, began to crush it on all sides. 20 Indeed, O
king, as a man excited with wrath crashes a swarm of ants,
even so, O Bharata, did that son of Pandu begin to crush the
Kaurava host. 1 ""

Section XXIV.

' Sanjaya said : — 'While Nakula was employed in destroying
and routing the Kaurava divisions in battle with great force,
Yikartana's son Kama, filled with rage, checked him, king. 1
Then Nakula, smiling the while, addressed Kama, and said, —
After a long time, through the favor of the gods, I am seen
by thee, 2 and thou also, wretch, dost become the object of
my sight ! Thou art the root of all these evils, this hostility,
tli is quarrel '. 3 It is through thy faults that the Kauravas are
beino- thinned, encountering one another ! Slaying thee in
battle today, I will regard myself as one that has achieved his
object, and the fever of my heart will be dispelled !* — Thus
addressed by Nakula, the Suta's son said unto him the following
words befiting a prince and a bowman in particular, 5 — Strike
me, O hero ! We desire to witness thy manliness ! Having
achieved some feats in battle, O brave warrior, thou shouldst
then boast ! 6 O sire, they that are heroes fight in battle to the
best of their powers, without indulging in brag! Fight now
with me to the best of thy might ! I will quell thy pride ! 7 —
Having said these words, the Suta's son quickly struck the son
of Panda and pierced him, in that encounter, with three
and seventy shafts. 3 Then Nakula, O Bharata, thus pierced


by the Suta* son, pierced the hitter in return with eighty

shafts resembling snakes of virulent poison. 9 Then Kama, that
o-reat bowman, cutting off his antagonist's bow with a number
of arrows winged with gold and whetted on stone, afflicted him
with thirty arrows. 10 Those arrows, piercing through his ar-
mour, drank his blood in that buttle, like the Nagas of virulent
poison drinking water after having pierced through the
Earth." Then Nakula, taking up another formidable bow
whose back was decked with gold, pierced Kama with twenty
arrows and his driver with three. 13 Then, O monarch, that
slayer of hostile heroes, viz., Nakula, filled with rage, cut off
Kama's bow with a razor-headed shaft of great keenness. 1 *
Smiling the while, the heroic son of Pandu then struck the
bowless Kama, that foremost of car-warriors, with three hun-
dred arrows. 14 Beholding Kama thus afflicted, O sire, by the
son of Pandu, all the car- warriors there, with the gods (in the
welkin), were filled with great wonder. 15 Then Vikartana'a
son Kama, taking up another bow, struck Nakula with five
arrows in the shoulder-joint. 16 With those arrows sticking to
him there, the son of Madri looked resplendent like the Sun
with his own rays while shedding his light on the Earth. 17
Then Nakula, piercing Kama with seven shafts, once more,
O sire, cut off one of the horns of Kama's bow. 18 Then Kama,
taking up in that battle a tougher bow, filled the welkin on
every side of Nakula with his arrows. 13 The mighty car-war-
rior Nakula, however, thus suddenly shrouded with the arrows
shot from Kama's bow, quickly cut off all those shafts with
shafts of his own. 20 Then was seen overspread in the welkin a
vast number of arrows like to the spectacle presented by the
sky when it is filled with myriads of roving fireflies. 21 In-
deed, the sky, shrouded with those hundreds of arrows shot
(by both the warriors) looked, monarch, as if it was covered
with flights of locusts. 82 arrows, decked with gold,
issuing repeatedly in continuous linos, looked beautiful like
rows of cranes while flying through the welkin. 23 When the
sky was thus covered with showers of arrows and the Sun him-
self hid from the view, no creature ranging the air could des-
cend to the Earth.** When all sides were thus covered with


showers of arrows, those two high-soulcd warriors looked res-
plendent like two Suns risen at the end of the Yuga. 2S
Slaughtered with the shafts issuing from Kama's bow, the
Somakas, O monarch, greatly afflicted and feeling much pain,
began to breathe their last. 26 Similarly, thy warriors, struck
with the .shafts of Nakula, dispersed on all sides, king, like
clouds tossed by the wind. 27 The txvo armies, thus slaughter-
ed by those two warriors with their mighty celestial shafts,
retreated from the range of those arrows and stood as specta-
tors of the encounter. 28 When both the armies were driven
eft' by means of the shafts of Kama and Nakula, those two
high-soulcd warriors began to pierce each other with showers
of shafts. 29 Displaying their celestial weapons on the field of
battle, they quickly shrouded each other, each desirous of
compassing the destruction of the other. 10 The shafts shot by
Nakula, dressed with Kanka and peacock feathers, shrouding
the Suta's son, seemed to stay in the welkin. 31 Similarly, the
shafts sped by the Sttia's son in that dreadful battle, shroud-
ing the son of Pandu, seemed to stay in the welkin. 22 Shroud-
ed within arrowy chambers, both the warriors became invisi-
ble, like the Sun and the Moon, king, hid by the clouds. 58
Then Kama, filled with rage and assuming a terrible aspect
in that battle, covered the son of Pandu with showers of
arrows from every side. 34 Completely covered, O monarch, by
the Suta's son, the son of Pandu felt no pain like the Maker
of day when covered by the clouds. 35 The son of Adhiratha
then, smiling the while, sped arrowy lines, O sire, in hundreds
and thousands, in that battle. 36 With those shafts of the
high-souled Kama, an extensive shade seemed to rest on the
field of battle. Indeed, with those excellent shafts constantly
issuing out (of his bow), a shade was caused there like that
formed by the clouds. 57 Then Kama, monarch, cutting off
the bow of the high-souled Nakula, felled the latter's driver
from the car-niche with the greatest ease. 58 With four keen
shafts, next, he quickly despatched the four steeds of Nakula,
Bharata, to the abode of Yama. 89 With his shafts, he also
cut off into minute fragments that excellent car of his antago-
nist as also his standard and the protectors of his car-whccls,


and mace, and sword, and shield decked with a hundred moons,
and other utensils and equipments of battle 40 . Then Nakula,
atcedlcss and earless and armouries*. O monarch, quickly alighting
from his car, stood, armed with a spiked bludgeon. 41 Even that
terrible bludgeon, so uplifted by the son of Pandit, the Suta's
son, O king, cut off with many keen arrows capable of bearing
a great strain.* 2 Beholding his adversary weaponless, Kama
began to strike him with many straight shafts, but took care
not to afflict him greatly. 43 Thus struck in that buttle by thai
mighty warrior accomplished in weapons, Nakula, O king-, fleU
away precipitately, in great affliction. 44 Laughing repeatedly,
the son of Radha pursued him and placed his stringed bow, O
B-harata, around the neck of the retreating Nakula. 45 With
that large bow around his neck, king, the son of Pandu
looked resplendent like the Moon in the firmament when within
a circular halo of light, or a white cloud girdled round by
Indra's bow. 48 Then Kama, addressing him, said, — The words
thou hadst uttered were futile ! Canst thou utter them now
once more in joy, reapcatedly struck as thou art by me ? 47 Do
not, son of Pandu, fight again with those amongst the
Kurus that arc possessed of greater might ! child, fight with
them that are thy equals ! Do not, son of Pandu, feel any
shame it ! 48 Return home, O son of Madri, or go thither
where Krishna and Phillenina are ! — Having addressed him
thus, he abandoned him then. 49 Acquainted with- morality as
the brave Kama was, he did not then slay Nakula who was a!
ready within the jaws of death. Recollecting the words of
Kunti, king, Kama let Nakula go. so The son of Pandu,
thus let off, king, by that bowman, viz., the Suta's son,
proceeded towards Yudhishthira's car in great shame. 51 Scorch-
ed by the Suta's son, he then ascended his brother's car, and
burning with grief he continued to sigh like a snake kept
within ajar." Meanwhile Kama, having vanquished Nakula,
quickly proceeded against the Panchalas, riding on that car
of his which bore many gorgeous pennons and whose steeds wero
as white as the Moon. 53 There, O monarch, a great uproar
arose among the Pandavas when they saw the leader of the
Kaurava army proceeding towards the Panchala car throng


The Suites son, monarch, made a great massacre there s;5
that hour when the Sun had reached the meridian, that puis-
sant warrior careering all the while with the activity of &
wheel. 55 We beheld many Panchala car-warriors borne away
from the battle on their steedless and driverless cars with
broken wheels and broken axles, and with standards and pennons
also that were broken and torn, O sire ! And many elephants
were seen to wander there in all directions (with limbs scorched
by arrows) like individuals of their species in the wide forest
with limbs scorched and burnt in a forest conflagration. Others,
with their frontal globes split ofen, or bathed in blood, or with
trunks lopped off, 86 " 58 or with their armour cut down, or their
tails lopped off, fell down, struck by the high-souled Kama,
like straggling clouds. 89 Other elephants, frightened by the
shafts and lances of Radha's son, proceeded against Radha's
son himself like insects towards a blazing fire. 60 Other huge
elephants were seen striking against one another and shedding
blood from various limbs like mountains with rillets running
adown their breasts. 61 Steeds of the foremost breed, divested
of breast-plates and their ornaments of silver and brass and
gold, 62 destitute of trappings and bridle-bits and yak-tails and
saddle-cloths, with quivers fallen off from their backs, and with
their heroic riders, — ornaments of battle, — slain, were seen
wandering here and there on the field. 63 " 6 * Pierced and cut with
lances and scimitars and swords, Bharata, we beheld many a
horseman adorned with armour and head-gear, slain or in
course of being slain or trembling with fear, and de2~>rived, O
Bharata, of diverse limbs. 65 " 66 Cars also, decked with gold, and
unto which were yoked steeds of great fleetness, were seen by
us dragged with exceeding speed hither and thither, their riders
having been slain. 67 Some of these had their axles and poles
broken, and some, O Bharata, had their wheels broken ; and
some were without, banners and standards, and some were
divested of thoir shafts. 68 Many car-warriors also were seen
there, by us, monarch, wandering all around, deprived of
thoir cars and scorched with the shafts of the Suta's son. 69
And some destitute of weapons and some with weapons still
in their arms were seen lying lifeless on the iield in large


numbers. 70 And many elephants also were seen by us, wan-
dering in all directions, studded with clusters of stars, adorned
with rows of beautiful bells, and decked with variegated banners
of diverse hues. 71 Heads and arms and chests and other limbs,
cut off with shafts sped from Kama's bow, were beheld by us
lying around. 73 A great and fierce calamity overtook the
warriors (of the Pandava army) as they fought with whetted

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